Read by QxMD icon Read

Effects Of Reading Glasses

Henny Jm Beckers, Marina Aw van Kooten-Noordzij, Ronald Mpc de Crom, Jan Sag Schouten, Carroll Ab Webers
OBJECTIVE: To study visual complaints and eye diseases among professional and amateur orchestral musicians in the Netherlands. METHODS: In this observational study, members from professional and amateur symphony or wind orchestras were asked to complete a questionnaire collecting demographic data, musical, medical, and family history, and data on present visual complaints and/or eye diseases. Questions about playing in the orchestra were also asked. RESULTS: Data from 70 professionals and 48 amateurs showed that most musicians needed glasses or contact lenses for playing in the orchestra (61% of the professionals, 63% of the amateurs)...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Ali Fares, Ripendra Awal, Haimanote K Bayabil
Studies show that the performance of soil water content monitoring (SWCM) sensors is affected by soil physical and chemical properties. However, the effect of organic matter on SWCM sensor responses remains less understood. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to (i) assess the effect of organic matter on the accuracy and precision of SWCM sensors using a commercially available soil water content monitoring sensor; and (ii) account for the organic matter effect on the sensor's accuracy. Sand columns with seven rates of oven-dried sawdust (2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, 10%, 12% and 18% v/v, used as an organic matter amendment), thoroughly mixed with quartz sand, and a control without sawdust were prepared by packing quartz sand in two-liter glass containers...
2016: Sensors
Nancy Weiland-Bräuer, Martin J Kisch, Nicole Pinnow, Andreas Liese, Ruth A Schmitz
Bacterial cell-cell communication (quorum sensing, QS) represents a fundamental process crucial for biofilm formation, pathogenicity, and virulence allowing coordinated, concerted actions of bacteria depending on their cell density. With the widespread appearance of antibiotic-resistance of biofilms, there is an increasing need for novel strategies to control harmful biofilms. One attractive and most likely effective approach is to target bacterial communication systems for novel drug design in biotechnological and medical applications...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Roland A Terborg, Josselin Pello, Ilaria Mannelli, Juan P Torres, Valerio Pruneri
Light microscopes can detect objects through several physical processes, such as scattering, absorption, and reflection. In transparent objects, these mechanisms are often too weak, and interference effects are more suitable to observe the tiny refractive index variations that produce phase shifts. We propose an on-chip microscope design that exploits birefringence in an unconventional geometry. It makes use of two sheared and quasi-overlapped illuminating beams experiencing relative phase shifts when going through the object, and a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor image sensor array to record the resulting interference pattern...
June 2016: Science Advances
Iliya V Ivanov, Manfred Mackeben, Annika Vollmer, Peter Martus, Nhung X Nguyen, Susanne Trauzettel-Klosinski
PURPOSE: Degenerative retinal diseases, especially retinitis pigmentosa (RP), lead to severe peripheral visual field loss (tunnel vision), which impairs mobility. The lack of peripheral information leads to fewer horizontal eye movements and, thus, diminished scanning in RP patients in a natural environment walking task. This randomized controlled study aimed to improve mobility and the dynamic visual field by applying a compensatory Exploratory Saccadic Training (EST). METHODS: Oculomotor responses during walking and avoiding obstacles in a controlled environment were studied before and after saccade or reading training in 25 RP patients...
2016: PloS One
J Domienik, A Bissinger, W Grabowicz, Ł Jankowski, R Kręcki, M Makowski, K Masiarek, M Plewka, A Lubiński, J Z Peruga
The aim of the study was to check, in clinical practice, the potential for the dose reduction of lead eyewear and a ceiling-suspended shield used to protect the eye lens of physicians working in interventional cardiology. To this end, for the lead eyewear, the dose reduction factors were derived to correct the readings from a dosimeter used routinely outside the glasses. Four types of lead eyewear with attached loose thermoluminescent dosimeters and EYE-D dosimeters were worn by physicians in two clinical centres, for two-month periods, during coronary angiography (CA), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and pacemaker procedures...
June 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Catherine Cheng, David S Gokhin, Roberta B Nowak, Velia M Fowler
The eye lens is a transparent organ that refracts and focuses light to form a clear image on the retina. In humans, ciliary muscles contract to deform the lens, leading to an increase in the lens' optical power to focus on nearby objects, a process known as accommodation. Age-related changes in lens stiffness have been linked to presbyopia, a reduction in the lens' ability to accommodate, and, by extension, the need for reading glasses. Even though mouse lenses do not accommodate or develop presbyopia, mouse models can provide an invaluable genetic tool for understanding lens pathologies, and the accelerated aging observed in mice enables the study of age-related changes in the lens...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
James Loughman, D I Flitcroft
BACKGROUND: Myopia is a condition of enormous public health concern, affecting up to 2.5 billion people worldwide. The most effective treatment to prevent myopia progression is atropine but at the cost of accommodative paresis and mydriasis, necessitating the use of bifocal glasses. Low-dose atropine (0.01%) has been found to be almost as effective with significantly reduced side effects. Since there are well-recognised differences in the effect of atropine between heavily pigmented Asian eyes and Caucasian eyes, this study aimed to determine the acceptability and tolerability of 0...
February 22, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Petri Sipilä, Jarkko Ojala, Sampsa Kaijaluoto, Ilkka Jokelainen, Antti Kosunen
For megavoltage photon radiation, the fundamental dosimetry characteristics of Gafchromic EBT3 film were determined in 60Co gamma ray beam with addition of experimental and Monte Carlo (MC)-simulated energy dependence of the film for 6 MV photon beam and 6 MeV, 9 MeV, 12 MeV, and 16 MeV electron beams in water phantom. For the film read-out, two phase correction of scanner sensitivity was applied: a matrix correction for scanning area and dose-dependent correction by iterative procedure. With these corrections, the uniformity of response can be improved to be within ± 50 pixel values (PVs)...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Se-Il Oh, Jin-Kyung Kim, So-Yeon Park
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of visual field with prism glasses, and intensive upper limb functional training on reduction of hemineglect and improvement in upper limb function and activities of daily living in three stroke patients with hemineglect. [Subjects] This study included three stroke patients hospitalized in a sanatorium. [Methods] Intervention treatment involving prism glass use for 12 hours and 30 minutes and paretic side upper limb training was conducted 5 days a week for 15 weeks...
December 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Vivek Nityananda, Ghaith Tarawneh, Ronny Rosner, Judith Nicolas, Stuart Crichton, Jenny Read
Stereopsis - 3D vision - has become widely used as a model of perception. However, all our knowledge of possible underlying mechanisms comes almost exclusively from vertebrates. While stereopsis has been demonstrated for one invertebrate, the praying mantis, a lack of techniques to probe invertebrate stereopsis has prevented any further progress for three decades. We therefore developed a stereoscopic display system for insects, using miniature 3D glasses to present separate images to each eye, and tested our ability to deliver stereoscopic illusions to praying mantises...
2016: Scientific Reports
Peter R Greene, Zachary W Grill, Antonio Medina
Experimental design phase of a pilot study at Annapolis is described, using reading glasses, +1.5 D. to +3.0 D. to alleviate college myopia. College students often become 1.0 to 2.0 diopters more myopic, so reading glasses were explored to partially cancel the effects of the study environment. N = 25 different sets of (+)Add lenses are evaluated, for required adjustment period and reading comfort. Three computer models are developed to predict refraction versus time. Basic control system equations predict exponential myopia shift of refractive state R(t) with time constant t0 = 100 days...
January 2016: Optik
Silvio Polizzi, Takashi Fujikado
PURPOSE: To report a case of transient loss of accommodation after laser photocoagulation for peripheral retinal tear. Loss of accommodation is one of the lesser known and less common complications of peripheral retinal laser photocoagulation. In fact, only a few works concerning this issue have been published so far. Deficit of accommodation has been described only after extensive laser treatment of the peripheral retina. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case that reports this complication after treatment limited to a small retinal area...
February 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Hong Zhang, Jiaqi Cheng, Francis Lin, Hexiang He, Jian Mao, Kam Sing Wong, Alex K-Y Jen, Wallace C H Choy
Recently, researchers have focused on the design of highly efficient flexible perovskite solar cells (PVSCs), which enables the implementation of portable and roll-to-roll fabrication in large scale. While NiOx is a promising material for hole transport layer (HTL) candidate for fabricating efficient PVSCs on a rigid substrate, the reported NiOx HTLs are formed using different multistep treatments (such as 300-500 °C annealing, O2-plasma, UVO, etc.), which hinders the development of flexible PVSCs based on NiOx...
January 26, 2016: ACS Nano
Lue Sun, Go Hitomi, Koichiro Futatsuya, Mamoru Kato, Satoru Kawauchi, Koichi Morota, Atsuko Tsukamoto, Mikito Hayakawa, Takeji Sakae, Yuji Matsumaru, Koichi Chida, Takashi Moritake
Although measurement and management of angiographic entrance skin dose (ESD) are deemed extremely important, accurate determination of maximum ESD and its location is generally difficult because of the dependence on therapeutic technique and position. Following our development of body-mounted gear bearing radiophotoluminescence glass dosimeter (RPLD) arrays for direct measurement of ESD in cranial and cardiovascular angiography and interventional radiology (IVR), our focus next turned to the limited number of facilities equipped to read RPLD outputs and the need for methods to effectively provide feedback to clinical facilities...
December 2015: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Sibylle K Scholtz, Gerd U Auffarth
Alhazen, ibn al-Haytham, (965 Basra - c. 1040 in Cairo) was a Muslim polymath who made significant contributions to the principles of optics, being the first to recognize the optical effect by transparent objects in the 11th century. His insights led to a fundamental revolution, enabling older presbyopic persons to read again. Today many more options are available to help visually impaired people correct their sight defects. This article will give an historical overview of the sight aids which are available today and will describe the very first beginnings of the development of the "reading stone" or "glasses"...
2012: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
David G Reading, Ian W Croudace, Phillip E Warwick, Richard Britton
A rapid and effective preparative procedure has been evaluated for the accurate determination of low-energy (40-200 keV) gamma-emitting radionuclides ((210)Pb, (234)Th, (226)Ra, (235)U) in uranium ores and uranium ore concentrates (UOCs) using high-resolution gamma ray spectrometry. The measurement of low-energy gamma photons is complicated in heterogeneous samples containing high-density mineral phases and in such situations activity concentrations will be underestimated. This is because attenuation corrections, calculated based on sample mean density, do not properly correct where dense grains are dispersed within a less dense matrix (analogous to a nugget effect)...
November 5, 2015: Analytica Chimica Acta
Mojtaba Dorri, Stephen M Dunne, Tanya Walsh, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: Proximal dental lesions, limited to dentine, are traditionally treated by invasive (drill and fill) means. Non-invasive alternatives (e.g. fluoride varnish, flossing) might avoid substance loss but their effectiveness depends on patients' adherence. Recently, micro-invasive approaches for treating proximal caries lesions have been tried. These interventions install a barrier either on top (sealing) or within (infiltrating) the lesion. Different methods and materials are currently available for micro-invasive treatments, such as sealing via resin sealants, (polyurethane) patches/tapes, glass ionomer cements (GIC) or resin infiltration...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, Karen L Stephan, Geoffrey W Stuart
This study examined whether, and to what extent, driving is affected by reading text on Google Glass. Reading text requires a high level of visual resources and can interfere with safe driving. However, it is currently unclear if the impact of reading text on a head-mounted display, such as Google Glass (Glass), will differ from that found with more traditional head-down electronic devices, such as a dash-mounted smartphone. A total of 20 drivers (22-48 years) completed the Lane Change Test while driving undistracted and while reading text on Glass and on a smartphone...
January 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Joaquín Vidal-López, Beatriz Javaloyes-Moreno, Josefa Benlloch-Fornés
The purpose of this study was to reveal if the use of low power ophthalmic glasses (diopter values within the ± 1.00D range) in ophthalmic care may be beneficial for the treatment of low refractive vision disorders. 40 university students (10 men, 30 women), who used low power glasses at close distances (for reading on paper or on a computer screen: 40-60 centimeters approximately), voluntarily took part in this study. Ages of the participants ranged from 20 to 43 years (M = 24.9, SD = 4.4). Mean spherical refractive error was -0...
October 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"