keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expectations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109160/antibiotics-for-infection-prevention-after-excision-of-the-cervical-transformation-zone
#1
REVIEW
Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Bandit Chumworathayi, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Butsakorn Ussahgij, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: Excision of the transformation zone of the cervix is the most commonly used approach to treat cervical precancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)) to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. As the excision of the transformation zone leaves a raw area on the cervix, there is a risk of infection following the procedure. The incidence of infection after cold knife conization (CKC) is 36%, whereas the incidence for large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ, also known as loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)) is much lower (0...
January 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109086/grade-dependent-expression-of-nima-related-kinase-2-in-glioma-and-its-cellular-upregulatory-activity-on-proliferation-and-invasion
#2
Li Tian, Peng Cheng, Huaiyu Sun, Yulin Wang, Lei Zhang, Zongze Guo
Glioma is one of the most common tumors in central nervous system. The median life expectancy for glioma patients is only 13-15 months. NIMA-related expressed kinase 2 (NEK2) is a kind of serine-threonine kinases and involves in carcinogenesis and progression of cancer, however, the specific roles in the glioma remains unknown. We found the high expression of NEK2 was positively correlated with deteriorated severity of glioma. Therefore, we sought to investigate the effects of NEK2 on U87 and U251 cells. To explore the expression of NEK2 and alteration of signaling pathway factors, qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis were performed...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108966/breast-reconstruction-and-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-complications-by-type-and-timing-and-other-problems-in-radiation-oncology
#3
Kenji Sekiguchi, Jiro Kawamori, Hideko Yamauchi
Breast reconstruction (BR) represents a suitable option for women who are not expected to require postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). As recent evidence has led to an extension of the indications for PMRT, this has also appeared to increase the incidence of reconstructive complications. Nevertheless, in the USA at least, trends towards BR are changing. The frequency of immediate reconstruction continues to increase, even in the setting of PMRT. In immediate implant-based reconstruction, a staged approach is preferred...
January 20, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108933/modelling-genome-wide-topological-associating-domains-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#4
REVIEW
Y Zhan, L Giorgetti, G Tiana
Chromosome conformation capture (3C)-based techniques such as chromosome conformation capture carbon copy (5C) and Hi-C revealed that the folding of mammalian chromosomes is highly hierarchical. A fundamental structural unit in the hierarchy is represented by topologically associating domains (TADs), sub-megabase regions of the genome within which the chromatin fibre preferentially interacts. 3C-based methods provide the mean contact probabilities between chromosomal loci, averaged over a large number of cells, and do not give immediate access to the single-cell conformations of the chromatin fibre...
January 20, 2017: Chromosome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108920/biochemical-and-physiological-responses-of-halophilic-nanophytoplankton-dunaliella-salina-from-exposure-to-xeno-estrogen-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol
#5
Dalel Belhaj, Khaled Athmouni, Doniez Frikha, Monem Kallel, Abdelfattah El Feki, Sami Maalej, John L Zhou, Habib Ayadi
The environmental impacts of various pollutants on the entire levels of organisms are under investigation. Among these pollutants, endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) present a serious hazard, even though the environmental significance of these compounds remains basically unknown. To drop some light on this field, we assessed the effects of a 11-day exposure of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) on the growth, metabolic content, antioxidant response, oxidative stress, and genetic damage of Dunaliella salina, isolated from Tunisian biotopes...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108898/bioresorbable-scaffolds-for-coronary-artery-disease
#6
REVIEW
Ashwin Nathan, Taisei Kobayashi, Daniel M Kolansky, Robert L Wilensky, Jay Giri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to present an overview of the recent evidence regarding the use of bioresorbable scaffolds in percutaneous coronary intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Bioresorbable scaffolds represent a potentially unique engineering solution to the problems associated with metallic stents. The Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold has been the most extensively tested of this class and is currently Food and Drug Administration-approved for use in the USA...
January 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108871/quantitative-spm-analysis-involving-an-adaptive-template-may-be-easily-applied-to-18-f-fdg-pet-images-of-the-rat-brain
#7
Sylvain Poussier, Fatiha Maskali, Gaelle Vexiau, Antoine Verger, Henri Boutley, Gilles Karcher, Emmanuel Raffo, Pierre-Yves Marie
PURPOSE: The Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) software is frequently used for the quantitative analysis of patients' brain images obtained from 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FDG PET). However, its adaptation to small animals is difficult, particularly for the initial step of spatial normalization which requires a specific brain anatomical template. This study was aimed at determining whether SPM analysis can be applied to rat, and more specifically to the lithium-pilocarpine model of epilepsy, by using an adaptive template...
January 20, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108655/the-novel-lysine-specific-methyltransferase-mettl21b-affects-mrna-translation-through-inducible-and-dynamic-methylation-of-lys-165-in-human-eukaryotic-elongation-factor-1-alpha-eef1a
#8
Jędrzej Małecki, Vinay Kumar Aileni, Angela Y Y Ho, Juliane Schwarz, Anders Moen, Vigdis Sørensen, Benedikt S Nilges, Magnus E Jakobsson, Sebastian A Leidel, Pål Ø Falnes
Lysine methylation is abundant on histone proteins, representing a dynamic regulator of chromatin state and gene activity, but is also frequent on many non-histone proteins, including eukaryotic elongation factor 1 alpha (eEF1A). However, the functional significance of eEF1A methylation remains obscure and it has remained unclear whether eEF1A methylation is dynamic and subject to active regulation. We here demonstrate, using a wide range of in vitro and in vivo approaches, that the previously uncharacterized human methyltransferase METTL21B specifically targets Lys-165 in eEF1A in an aminoacyl-tRNA- and GTP-dependent manner...
January 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108586/fluctuating-selection-in-the-moran
#9
Antony M Dean, Clarence Lehman, Xiao Yi
Contrary to classical population genetics theory, experiments demonstrate that fluctuating selection can protect a haploid polymorphism in the absence of frequency dependent effects on fitness. Using forward simulations with the Moran model we confirm our analytical results showing that a fluctuating selection regime, with a mean selection coefficient of zero, promotes polymorphism. We find that increases in heterozygosity over neutral expectations are especially pronounced when fluctuations are rapid, mutation is weak, the population size is large and the variance in selection is big...
January 20, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108528/triangulation-in-aetiological-epidemiology
#10
Debbie A Lawlor, Kate Tilling, George Davey Smith
Triangulation is the practice of obtaining more reliable answers to research questions through integrating results from several different approaches, where each approach has different key sources of potential bias that are unrelated to each other. With respect to causal questions in aetiological epidemiology, if the results of different approaches all point to the same conclusion, this strengthens confidence in the finding. This is particularly the case when the key sources of bias of some of the approaches would predict that findings would point in opposite directions if they were due to such biases...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108498/mglur2-versus-mglur3-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-in-primate-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-postsynaptic-mglur3-strengthen-working-memory-networks
#11
Lu E Jin, Min Wang, Veronica C Galvin, Taber C Lightbourne, Peter Jeffrey Conn, Amy F T Arnsten, Constantinos D Paspalas
The newly evolved circuits in layer III of primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) generate the neural representations that subserve working memory. These circuits are weakened by increased cAMP-K(+) channel signaling, and are a focus of pathology in schizophrenia, aging, and Alzheimer's disease. Cognitive deficits in these disorders are increasingly associated with insults to mGluR3 metabotropic glutamate receptors, while reductions in mGluR2 appear protective. This has been perplexing, as mGluR3 has been considered glial receptors, and mGluR2 and mGluR3 have been thought to have similar functions, reducing glutamate transmission...
January 19, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108432/living-on-the-edge-conservation-genetics-of-seven-thermophilous-plant-species-in-a-high-arctic-archipelago
#12
Siri Birkeland, Idunn Elisabeth Borgen Skjetne, Anne Krag Brysting, Reidar Elven, Inger Greve Alsos
Small, isolated, and/or peripheral populations are expected to harbour low levels of genetic variation and may therefore have reduced adaptability to environmental change, including climate warming. In the Arctic, global warming has already caused vegetation change across the region and is acting as a significant stressor on Arctic biodiversity. Many of the rare plants in the Arctic are relicts from early Holocene warm periods, but their ability to benefit from the current warming is dependent on the viability of their populations...
January 20, 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108416/symptoms-and-the-body-taking-the-inferential-leap
#13
REVIEW
Omer Van den Bergh, Michael Witthöft, Sibylle Petersen, Richard J Brown
The relationship between the conscious experience of physical symptoms and indicators of objective physiological dysfunction is highly variable and depends on characteristics of the person, the context and their interaction. This relationship often breaks down entirely in the case of "medically unexplained" or functional somatic symptoms, violating the basic assumption in medicine that physical symptoms have physiological causes. In this paper, we describe the prevailing theoretical approach to this problem and review the evidence pertaining to it...
January 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108386/trajectory-of-improvement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-migraine-results-from-the-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-amitriptyline-trial
#14
John W Kroner, James Peugh, Susmita M Kashikar-Zuck, Susan L LeCates, Janelle R Allen, Shalonda K Slater, Marium Zafar, Marielle A Kabbouche, Hope L O'Brien, Chad E Shenk, Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Andrew D Hershey, Scott W Powers
: We compared headache frequency trajectories between clinical trial participants who received cognitive behavioral therapy plus amitriptyline (CBT+A) or headache education plus amitriptyline (HE+A) to determine if there was differential time course of treatment response between the groups. 135 patients (age 10-17) diagnosed with chronic migraine participated, attending 8 one-hour one-on-one CBT or HE sessions with a trained psychologist for 8 weekly sessions, 2 sessions at weeks 12 and 16, and a post-treatment visit at week 20...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108346/medial-rectus-pulley-posterior-fixation-for-esotropia-with-a-high-ac-a-ratio
#15
Tiana Y Clark, Robert A Clark
Many different surgical approaches have been advocated for the treatment of esotropia with a high ratio of accommodative convergence to accommodation, most involving increasing the magnitude of medial rectus recessions over than the amount recommended for the distance esotropia to either partially or fully correct the larger near esotropia. Maximal medial rectus recessions are relatively successful in correcting the excess near esotropia without overcorrecting the distance esotropia, but the expected loss of excess convergence over time raises the possibility of late overcorrections...
January 17, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108284/first-line-pazopanib-in-non-clear-cell-renal-carcinoma-the-italian-retrospective-multicenter-panorama-study
#16
Sebastiano Buti, Melissa Bersanelli, Francesca Maines, Gaetano Facchini, Francesco Gelsomino, Fable Zustovich, Matteo Santoni, Elena Verri, Ugo De Giorgi, Cristina Masini, Franco Morelli, Maria Giuseppa Vitale, Teodoro Sava, Giuseppe Prati, Carmelinda Librici, Anna Paola Fraccon, Giuseppe Fornarini, Marco Maruzzo, Francesco Leonardi, Orazio Caffo
INTRODUCTION: Pazopanib is a standard first-line treatment for metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Very few data on its activity in non-clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) are currently available. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze efficacy and toxicity of pazopanib in nccRCC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records from advanced nccRCC patients (consecutive sample) treated with first-line pazopanib between 2010 and 2015 at 17 Italian centers were reviewed...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108226/efficacy-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-8-atypical-antipsychotics-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-schizophrenia-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Zhihua Bai, Guoqiang Wang, Shangli Cai, Xindi Ding, Weiwei Liu, Depei Huang, Weidi Shen, Juncheng Zhang, Kui Chen, Yuqing Yang, Lili Zhang, Xiaochen Zhao, Qiong Ouyang, Jingping Zhao, Huafei Lu, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to create hierarchies of the efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of eight atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of Chinese patients with acute schizophrenia. METHOD: We systematically searched for RCT articles published between January 1st 2005 and December 31st 2014 in electronic databases (Medline, Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrial.gov for studies in English and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang, and VIP Information/Chinese Scientific Journals Database for studies in Chinese)...
January 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108188/parental-expectations-and-child-screen-and-academic-sedentary-behaviors-in-china
#18
Miao Li, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: This study examined sociodemographic patterns of parental expectations for academic performance, terminal degree, and future occupation for middle school students in China, and how these expectations influence students' screen-based and academic-related sedentary behaviors through parenting control practices. METHODS: Based on data collected in 2013-2014 from 19,487 Chinese middle school students, bivariate logistic regressions tested associations between sociodemographic variables and parental expectations; structural equation models tested associations between parental expectations and students' self-reported daily time on TV/Internet/homework, with parental controls as potential mediators...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108100/three-dimensional-quality-assurance-of-imrt-prostate-plans-using-gel-dosimetry
#19
M A Silveira, J F Pavoni, O Baffa
Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is one of the most modern radiation therapy treatment techniques. Although IMRT can deliver high and complex conformational doses to the tumor volume, its implementation requires rigorous quality assurance (QA) procedures that include a dosimetric pre-treatment verification of individual patient planning. This verification usually involves measuring a small volume of absolute dose with an ionization chamber and checking bi-dimensional fluency with an array of detectors...
January 17, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108083/impact-of-straight-unconnected-radially-oriented-and-tapered-mesopores-on-column-efficiency-a-theoretical-investigation
#20
Fabrice Gritti
Superficially porous particles (SPPs) can be prepared from a pseudomorphic transformation (PMT) which produces straight, unconnected, and radially-oriented mesopores (ROMs). ROMs can be either both ends open in fully porous particles (FPPs) or one-end-closed in SPPs. The impact of ROMs on the longitudinal diffusion (B/u), solid-liquid mass transfer resistance (Csu), and on the eddy dispersion (A(u)) height equivalent to a theoretical plate (HETP) of 3D randomly packed columns was investigated based on theoretical viewpoints...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
keyword
keyword
10202
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"