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Last longer in bed

Alexandra Hiscox, Tobias Homan, Collins K Mweresa, Nicolas Maire, Aurelio Di Pasquale, Daniel Masiga, Prisca A Oria, Jane Alaii, Cees Leeuwis, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Willem Takken, Thomas A Smith
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of insecticide resistance as well as outdoor, residual transmission of malaria threaten the efficacy of existing vector control tools used against malaria mosquitoes. The development of odour-baited mosquito traps has led to the possibility of controlling malaria through mass trapping of malaria vectors. Through daily removal trapping against a background of continued bed net use it is anticipated that vector populations could be suppressed to a level where continued transmission of malaria will no longer be possible...
2016: Trials
Atalya Keshet-Sitton, Keren Or-Chen, Sara Yitzhak, Ilana Tzabary, Abraham Haim
Women are exposed to indoor and outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) in urban and rural environments. Excessive exposure to hazardous ALAN containing short wavelength light may suppress pineal melatonin production and lead to an increased breast cancer (BC) risk. Our objective was to address the differences in BC risks related to light exposure in urban and rural communities. We examined indoor and outdoor light habits of BC patients and controls that had lived in urban and rural areas in a 5-year period, 10 to 15 years before the time of the study...
July 20, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
B Seitz, N Szentmáry, A Langenbucher, T Hager, A Viestenz, E Janunts, M El-Husseiny
For patients with keratoconus, rigid gas-permeable contact lenses are the first line correction method and allow good visual acuity for quite some time. In severe stages of the disease with major cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea, even specially designed keratoconus contact lenses are no longer tolerated. If there are contraindications for intrastromal ring segments, corneal transplantation typically has a very good prognosis. In patients with advanced keratoconus - especially after corneal hydrops due to rupture of Descemet's membrane - penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) is still the first line surgical method...
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
K Seitz, D Strobel
The approval of microbubbles with the inert gas sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and a palmitic acid shell (SonoVue(®), Bracco Geneva, CH) for the diagnostic imaging of liver tumors in adults and children by the FDA in the United States represents a milestone for contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).This warrants a look back at the history of the development of CEUS. The first publications based on echocardiographic observations of right ventricular contrast phenomena caused by tiny air bubbles following i. v...
June 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Emily Harbard, Nicholas B Allen, John Trinder, Bei Bei
PURPOSE: Technology-related behaviors (e.g., computer use) before bedtime (BT) have been associated with poorer and shorter sleep in adolescents; however, less is known about other behaviors in relation to sleep. This study characterized a range of behaviors in the hour before bed (i.e., pre-BT behaviors [PBBs]) and examined their relationship with sleep parameters during school and vacation periods (i.e., restricted and extended sleep opportunities, respectively). Mechanistic roles of chronotype and cognitive presleep arousal (PSAcog) were also examined...
April 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Mike Firn, Sarah Jane White, Dieneke Hubbeling, Ben Jones
BACKGROUND: The introduction of specialist Assertive Outreach (AO) teams has produced only modest differential findings from English studies compared to standard care. Providers have gradually closed AO services over the last 8 years. We previously studied outcomes at 12 months following the dismantling of two AO teams in London. We now report on the longer term outcomes for these patients. AIMS: To evaluate the longer term outcomes, activity and costs for patients receiving a less intensive service...
February 5, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Miia M Jansson, Hannu P Syrjälä, Pasi P Ohtonen, Merja H Meriläinen, Helvi A Kyngäs, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: Critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in adhering to evidence-based guidelines for avoiding complications associated with intubation and mechanical ventilation are currently limited. We hypothesized that single simulation education session would lead to a long-lasting higher level of skills among critical care nurses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a 22-bed adult mixed medical-surgical intensive care unit in Finland during the period February 2012-March 2014...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Priyank Patel, Nirav Amin, Shreya B Patel, Catrin Morgan
In July 2014, a 66 year-old lady presented to emergency department after having not been seen for 3 days. She was eventually found in bed not responding verbally. The ambulance service reported tonic-clonic seizures lasting 10-30 s every 3 min. The patient was treated for her seizures with phenytoin and additional benzodiazepines as required. Her seizure had temporarily resolved and she was admitted for investigations. She had no history of epilepsy or seizures. The history of alcoholism and lack of any substantial history of epilepsy, left the team considering whether this was an alcohol induced event or a pseudoseizure...
September 2015: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Pamela V Thacher, Serge V Onyper
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To establish whether sleep, health, mood, behavior, and academics improved after a 45-minute delay in high school start time, and whether changes persisted longitudinally. METHODS: We collected data from school records and student self-report across a number of domains at baseline (May 2012) and at two follow-up time points (November 2012 and May 2013), at a public high school in upstate New York. Students enrolled during academic years (AY) 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the DASS-21; the "Owl-Lark" Scale; the Daytime Sleepiness Index; and a brief self-report of health...
2016: Sleep
Joyce M Evans, L Christine Ribeiro, Fritz B Moore, Siqi Wang, Qingguang Zhang, Vladimir Kostas, Connor R Ferguson, Jorge Serrador, Michael Falvo, Michael B Stenger, Nandu Goswami, Jon C Rask, Jeffrey D Smith, Charles F Knapp
PURPOSE: In addition to serious bone, vestibular, and muscle deterioration, space flight leads to cardiovascular dysfunction upon return to gravity. In seeking a countermeasure to space flight-induced orthostatic intolerance, we previously determined that exposure to artificial gravity (AG) training in a centrifuge improved orthostatic tolerance of ambulatory subjects. This protocol was more effective in men than women and more effective when subjects exercised. METHODS: We now determine the orthostatic tolerance limit (OTL) of cardiovascularly deconditioned (furosemide) men and women on one day following 90 min of AG compared to a control day (90 min of head-down bed rest, HDBR)...
December 2015: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Katey D Glunt, Ana Paula Abílio, Quique Bassat, Helder Bulo, Allison E Gilbert, Silvie Huijben, Maria Nélia Manaca, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Krijn P Paaijmans
BACKGROUND: Chemical insecticides are crucial to malaria control and elimination programmes. The frontline vector control interventions depend mainly on pyrethroids; all long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and more than 80% of indoor residual spraying (IRS) campaigns use chemicals from this class. This extensive use of pyrethroids imposes a strong selection pressure for resistance in mosquito populations, and so continuous resistance monitoring and evaluation are important. As pyrethroids have also been used for many years in the Manhiça District, an area in southern Mozambique with perennial malaria transmission, an assessment of their efficacy against the local malaria vectors was conducted...
2015: Malaria Journal
C Ottomann, B Hartmann, L Branski, C Krohn
Cicero Parker Meek (1914-1979) was working as a general practitioner at the Aiken County Hospital in South Carolina, USA, and had a special interest in the treatment of burn patients. The procedure first presented in 1958 by Meek for a device-based expansion of split-skin (micrografting), which was invented before the mesh technique, is a milestone in the history of burns surgery. The method was forgotten until well into the 90s of the last century, and was only readopted and improved by no longer identifiable physicians at the Red Cross Hospital in Beverwijk...
December 2015: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Jodi L Vanden Eng, Adeline Chan, Ana Paula Abílio, Adam Wolkon, Gabriel Ponce de Leon, John Gimnig, Juliette Morgan
BACKGROUND: The durability of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) in field conditions is of great importance for malaria prevention and control efforts; however, the physical integrity of the net fabric is not well understood making it challenging to determine overall effectiveness of nets as they age. The 2011 World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES) guidelines provide a simple, standardized method using a proportional hole index (PHI) for assessing net damage with the intent to provide national malaria control programs with guidelines to assess the useful life of LLINS and estimate the rate of replacement...
2015: PloS One
K Irzyk, P Bienias, Z Rymarczyk, Z Bartoszewicz, M Siwicka, M Bielecki, A Karpińska, I Dudzik-Niewiadomska, P Pruszczyk, M Ciurzyński
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) leads to pulmonary circulation dysfunctionand there are some indications of systemic circulation impairment. We evaluated the influence of SSc on the elastic properties of large systemic arterial walls and potential correlations between systemic and pulmonary circulation involvement. METHOD: We examined 75 consecutive women (mean age 53.13±10.1 years) with confirmed SSc [mean disease duration (DD) 7.1±9.1 years] and 21 age-matched female volunteers (mean age 52...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Federico Amianto, Luisa Ottone, Giovanni Abbate Daga, Secondo Fassino
INTRODUCTION: Binge Eating Disorders is a clinical syndrome recently coded as an autonomous diagnosis in DSM-5. Individuals affected by Binge Eating Disorder (BED) show significantly lower quality of life and perceived health and higher psychological distress compared to the non-BED obese population. BED treatment is complex due to clinical and psychological reasons but also to high drop-out and poor stability of achieved goals. The purpose of this review is to explore the available data on this topic, outlining the state-of-the-art on both diagnostic issues and most effective treatment strategies...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Giovanni Benelli
Aedes albopictus is the most invasive mosquito worldwide and works as a vector for many important pathogens. Control tools rely to chemical treatments against larvae, indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets. Recently, huge efforts have been carried out to propose new eco-friendly alternatives, such as evaluation of plant-borne compounds and sterile insect technique (SIT) programs. Success of SIT is dependent to the ability of sterile males to compete for mates with wild ones. Little is still known about mating behaviour of Aedes males...
March 2015: Parasitology Research
Jeremy Tey, Bok Ai Choo, Cheng Nang Leong, En Yun Loy, Lea Choung Wong, Keith Lim, Jiade Jay Lu, Wee Yao Koh
The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of patients with symptomatic locally advanced/recurrent gastric cancer treated with radiotherapy (RT) using modern 3-dimensional conformal techniques.We retrospectively reviewed patients who had palliative RT for index symptoms of gastric bleeding, pain, and obstruction. Study endpoints included symptom response, median survival, and treatment toxicity.Of 115 patients with median age of 77 years, 78 (67.8%) patients had metastatic disease at the time of treatment...
November 2014: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Russell, A Clapperton, T Vu, L Day
UNLABELLED: The aim is to describe the trends in fall-related hospitalisations for older people living in aged care facilities. Over the 9-year period investigated, there were dramatic increases in fall-related hospitalisations. This worrying trend highlights that we may not be addressing falls in aged care facilities sufficiently. INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study are to describe the trends in fall-related hospitalisations in older people living in aged care facilities and to compare these trends across different demographic groups and injury types...
March 2015: Osteoporosis International
Gilberte Tinguely, Hans-Peter Landolt, Christian Cajochen
A survey in a representative sample of the Swiss population revealed an average sleep duration of 7.5 hours on workdays and of 8.5 hours on free days, which reflected a more than half an hour (38 min) shorter sleep duration than 28 years ago. The mean time in bed was between 22:41 and 06:37 on workdays and between 23:29 and 08:27 on free days. On workdays as well as on free days the bedtime was delayed by 47 minutes in comparison to a similar survey 28 years ago. By contrast, the mean rise times on workdays and free days did not change...
November 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Phillipa Hay, David Chinn, David Forbes, Sloane Madden, Richard Newton, Lois Sugenor, Stephen Touyz, Warren Ward
OBJECTIVES: This clinical practice guideline for treatment of DSM-5 feeding and eating disorders was conducted as part of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) Project 2013-2014. METHODS: The CPG was developed in accordance with best practice according to the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. Literature of evidence for treatments of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), other specified and unspecified eating disorders and avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was sourced from the previous RANZCP CPG reviews (dated to 2009) and updated with a systematic review (dated 2008-2013)...
November 2014: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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