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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942709/childhood-thyroid-function-reference-ranges-and-determinants-a-literature-overview-and-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Ibrahim Onsesveren, Mirjana Barjaktarovic, Layal Chaker, Yolanda B de Rijke, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Hanneke M van Santen, Theo J Visser, Robin Peeters, Tim Korevaar
BACKGROUND: Reported cut-offs for childhood TSH and FT4 reference ranges vary widely and the knowledge on the determinants of childhood thyroid function is sparse. We aimed to summarize the existing studies on thyroid function reference ranges in children. Furthermore, our objective was to investigate the determinants of childhood TSH and FT4 concentration in a population based-prospective cohort. METHODS: First, to identify studies on childhood thyroid reference ranges, we systematically searched The National Library of Medicine's PubMed, Embase, Ovid Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases...
September 23, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942465/the-association-between-maternal-cortisol-and-depression-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Olivia R Orta, Bizu Gelaye, Paul A Bain, Michelle A Williams
Timing of cortisol collection during pregnancy is an important factor within studies reporting on the association between maternal cortisol and depression during pregnancy. Our objective was to further examine the extent to which reported associations differed across studies according to time of maternal cortisol collection during pregnancy. On December 15, 2016, records were identified using PubMed/MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), EMBASE (Elsevier; 1974-), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL, EBSCO), PsycINFO (EBSCO), and Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters)...
September 24, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941996/fistula-recurrence-pregnancy-and-childbirth-following-successful-closure-of-female-genital-fistula-in-guinea-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Alexandre Delamou, Therese Delvaux, Alison M El Ayadi, Vandana Tripathi, Bienvenu S Camara, Abdoul H Beavogui, Lauri Romanzi, Bethany Cole, Patrice Bouedouno, Moustapha Diallo, Thierno H Barry, Mandian Camara, Kindy Diallo, Alain Leveque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: Female genital fistula is a devastating maternal complication of delivery in developing countries. We sought to analyse the incidence and proportion of fistula recurrence, residual urinary incontinence, and pregnancy after successful fistula closure in Guinea, and describe the delivery-associated maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: We did a longitudinal study in women discharged with a closed fistula from three repair hospitals supported by EngenderHealth in Guinea...
September 20, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940481/prevention-of-preterm-birth-with-pessary-in-singletons-popps-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lorraine Dugoff, Vincenzo Berghella, Harish Sehdev, A Dhanya Mackeen, Laura Goetzl, Jack Ludmir
OBJECTIVE: To determine if pessary use prevents preterm birth in singleton gestations with a short transvaginal ultrasound cervical length and without a prior spontaneous preterm birth. METHODS: In this open-label multicenter randomized trial we enrolled asymptomatic women with singleton gestations with a transvaginal ultrasound cervical length ≤ 25 mm at 18(0) -23(6) weeks and no prior spontaneous preterm birth. Subjects were randomized to receive the Bioteque cup pessary or no pessary...
September 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937574/committee-opinion-no-722-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#5
(no author information available yet)
Cannabis sativa (marijuana) is the illicit drug most commonly used during pregnancy. The self-reported prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy ranges from 2% to 5% in most studies. A growing number of states are legalizing marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes, and its use by pregnant women could increase even further as a result. Because of concerns regarding impaired neurodevelopment, as well as maternal and fetal exposure to the adverse effects of smoking, women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy should be encouraged to discontinue marijuana use...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937569/committee-opinion-summary-no-722-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#6
(no author information available yet)
Cannabis sativa (marijuana) is the illicit drug most commonly used during pregnancy. The self-reported prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy ranges from 2% to 5% in most studies. A growing number of states are legalizing marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes, and its use by pregnant women could increase even further as a result. Because of concerns regarding impaired neurodevelopment, as well as maternal and fetal exposure to the adverse effects of smoking, women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy should be encouraged to discontinue marijuana use...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935064/no-231-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vasa-previa
#7
Robert Gagnon
OBJECTIVES: To describe the etiology of vasa previa and the risk factors and associated condition, to identify the various clinical presentations of vasa previa, to describe the ultrasound tools used in its diagnosis, and to describe the management of vasa previa. OUTCOMES: Reduction of perinatal mortality, short-term neonatal morbidity, long-term infant morbidity, and short-term and long-term maternal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE: Published literature on randomized trials, prospective cohort studies, and selected retrospective cohort studies was retrieved through searches of PubMed or Medline, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library, using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935062/no-260-ultrasound-in-twin-pregnancies
#8
Lucie Morin, Kenneth Lim
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature with respect to the use of diagnostic ultrasound in the management of twin pregnancies. To make recommendations for the best use of ultrasound in twin pregnancies. OUTCOMES: Reduction in perinatal mortality and morbidity and short- and long-term neonatal morbidity in twin pregnancies. Optimization of ultrasound use in twin pregnancies. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and the Cochrane Library in 2008 and 2009 using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933637/association-between-health-beliefs-and-gestational-weight-gain
#9
Tracey Ledoux, Saumali Daundasekara, Patricia Van Den Berg, Patrick Leung, Lorraine Walker, Pamela D Berens
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) provides recommendations for optimal weight gain during pregnancy to minimize complications associated with obesity and excessive weight gain. The Health Belief Model and prior research suggest knowledge of health recommendations and associated risks motivate health behaviors. This study determined whether knowledge of maternal and infant obesity risks during pregnancy (ORDP) and knowledge of IOM gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations were associated with total GWG and likelihood of adhering to IOM recommendations...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930553/fetal-nucleic-acids-in-maternal-plasma-from-biology-to-clinical-translation
#10
Neha Bunkar, Arpit Bhargava, Koel Chaudhury, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya, Pradyumna Kumar Mishra
Exposure to environmental contaminants during the critical window of pregnancy results in deregulation of highly coordinated genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved in prenatal growth. Such disturbances significantly alter the fetal programming, and lead to various developmental disorders immediately, over the lifetime, or transgenerationally. During the process of placental development, fetal nucleic acids enter maternal plasma as a result of necrotic, apoptotic, and inflammatory mechanisms. These nucleic acids reflect normal or abnormal ongoing cellular changes during prenatal fetal development...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923128/-items-for-criticism-not-in-sequence-joseph-delee-pare-lorentz-and-the-fight-for-life-1940
#11
Caitjan Gainty
In the late 1920s, the American obstetrician Joseph DeLee brought the motion-picture camera into the birth room. Following that era's trend of adapting industrial efficiency practices for medical environments, DeLee's films give spectacular and unexpected expression to the engineering concept of 'streamlining'. Accomplishing what more tangible obstetric streamlining practices had failed to, DeLee's cameras, and his post-production manipulation, shifted birth from messy and dangerous to rationalized, efficient, death-defying...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#12
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915515/the-association-of-decision-to-incision-time-for-cesarean-delivery-with-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#13
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Grecio Sandoval, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904542/claims-about-medical-malpractices-resulting-in-maternal-and-perinatal-mortality-referred-to-iranian-legal-medicine-organization-during-2011-2012
#14
Ziba Taghizadeh, Maryam Pourbakhtiar, Masoud Ghadipasha, Kamran Soltani, Khadijeh Azimi
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians, gynecologists, and midwives are the most common specialists of the medical sciences group against whom medical malpractices are claimed, many of which are avoidable and preventable. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the causes of claims regarding medical malpractices resulting in maternal and perinatal mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted and 7616 claims of medical malpractices in the field of obstetrics, gynecology, and midwifery that were referred from all 31 provinces to the central commission of legal medicine were studied during 2011-2012...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899348/cesarean-section-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#15
Mei Yang, Qin Qin, Qiong Fang, Lixin Jiang, Shaofa Nie
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is predominantly transmitted through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). To date, it remains unclear whether the method of parturition affects MTCT of HBV. In order to clarify whether cesarean section, when compared with vaginal delivery, could reduce the risk of MTCT of HBV in China, we conducted this meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of the PubMed (Medline), Embase, ISI Web of Science, China Biological Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals databases for articles written in English or Chinese through July 2015...
September 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893486/-anti-d-prophylaxis-in-fetal-maternal-erythrocyte-incompatibility-in-tunisia
#16
I Ksibi, R Achour, W Bel Haj Ammar, M Cheour, M Ben Amara, K Neji, S Kacem
Generalization of postnatal prophylaxis using anti-D immunoglobulins decreased the incidence of erythrocyte fetal-maternal incompatibility (EFMI) in the Rhesus system. Few recent studies have investigated the situation of anti-D prophylaxis in Tunisia and its effects on maternal and neonatal health. The aim of this study was therefore to analyze the situation of anti-D prophylaxis in Tunisia to detect defects and propose solutions. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study of IFME cases in the rhesus system in the Department of Medicine and Neonatal Resuscitation of the Tunis Maternity and Neonatology Center (CMNT) during an 8-year period from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015...
September 8, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893214/a-mixed-methods-study-on-evaluating-the-performance-of-a-multi-strategy-national-health-program-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-disparities-in-haryana-india
#17
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: A multi pronged community based strategy, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented from 2005-06 to 2012-13 in India to curtail maternal and child health (MCH) disparities between poor and rich, rural and urban areas, and boys and girls,. This study aimed to determine the degree to which MCH plans of NRHM implemented, and resulted in improving the MCH outcomes and reducing the inequalities. METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods study was conducted, first to assess the degree of implementation of MCH plans by estimating the budget utilization rates of each MCH plan, and the effectiveness of these plans by comparing demographic health surveys data conducted post (2012-13), during (2007-08) and pre- (2002-04) NRHM implementation period, in the quantitative study...
September 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892217/squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-as-a-novel-candidate-marker-for-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#18
Natsuki Koike, Hidekazu Oi, Katsuhiko Naruse, Naohiro Kanayama, Hiroshi Kobayashi
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen for the diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). METHODS: Sera and information of 20 patients with AFE (autopsy-proven AFE, four cases; clinical AFE, 16 cases) were obtained from the Japan Amniotic Fluid Embolism Registration Center at Hamamatsu University School of Medicine. As controls, we included 74 gestational-age-matched healthy women who gave birth to healthy newborns during the period from December 2012 to January 2014...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892210/myoma-and-myomectomy-poor-evidence-concern-in-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
Giusi Natalia Milazzo, Angelica Catalano, Valentina Badia, Maddalena Mallozzi, Donatella Caserta
AIM: Summarize the results of the many, but often underpowered, studies on pregnancy complicated by myoma or myomectomy. METHODS: Survey of the electronic PubMed database for the last two decades was conducted. We selected reviews, meta-analyses, case series, case reports, clinical studies only with statistical analysis, and guidelines from scientific societies. RESULTS: Delaying childbearing leads to an increased incidence of pregnancy complicated by fibroids or previous myomectomy...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878831/the-mirage-of-long-term-vital-benefice-risk-for-the-beginning-of-life
#20
Ramona Mohora, Decebal Hudita, Silvia-Maria Stoicescu
INTRODUCTION: Cord blood is the "life" of the fetus until birth. After delivery, the newborn is "single" and forced to adapt to live using the latest resources provided by the mother. Those who believe that a newborn is just a miniature independent adult are just trusting one of the illusions of secular medicine. Cord blood contains precious cells, stem, red and white blood cells. T cells as a part of white blood cells prevent infections and other illnesses. Cochrane Database 2013 published a study reporting the role of delayed umbilical cord clamping for the benefit of infants...
January 2017: Mædica
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