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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138035/defining-failed-induction-of-labor
#1
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Yinglei Lai, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: While there are well-accepted standards for the diagnosis of arrested active-phase labor, the definition of a "failed" induction of labor remains less certain. One approach to diagnosing a failed induction is based on the duration of the latent phase. However, a standard for the minimum duration that the latent phase of a labor induction should continue, absent acute maternal or fetal indications for cesarean delivery, remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes as a function of the duration of the latent phase among nulliparous women undergoing labor induction...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132449/using-mobile-apps-to-communicate-vaccination-records-a-city-wide-evaluation-with-a-national-immunization-app-maternal-child-registry-and-public-health-authorities
#2
Katherine M Atkinson, Ziad El-Khatib, Geoffery Barnum, Cameron Bell, Marie-Claude Turcotte, Malia S Q Murphy, Mari Teitelbaum, Pranesh Chakraborty, Lucie Laflamme, Kumanan Wilson
Medicine is experiencing a paradigm shift, where patients are increasingly involved in the management of their health data. We created a mobile app which permitted parental reporting of immunization status to public health authorities. We describe app use as a proxy for feasibility and acceptability as well as data utility for public health surveillance. The evaluation period ran from April 27, 2015, to April 18, 2017, during which time 2,653 unique children's records were transmitted, containing 36,105 vaccinations...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#3
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132060/traditional-beliefs-and-practices-in-pregnancy-childbirth-and-postpartum-a-review-of-the-evidence-from-asian-countries
#4
Mellissa Withers, Nina Kharazmi, Esther Lim
INTRODUCTION: Asian women suffer the largest proportion of the world's maternal deaths. To reduce this, policymakers and healthcare providers must encourage women with traditionally low rates of maternal health care utilization to access services. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive review of the most common traditional practices in Asia relating to pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. DESIGN: We conducted a literature search of articles: a) focusing on Asia; b) relating to pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum, c) relating to traditional beliefs and/or cultural practices; and 4) published in English in the year 2000 or more recently...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#6
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121896/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-their-effects-on-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-a-cohort-study-in-west-sumatra-indonesia
#7
Hora Soltani, Nur I Lipoeto, Frankie J Fair, Karen Kilner, Y Yusrawati
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has a considerably high incidence of maternal and infant mortality. The country has however been experiencing a social and economic transition, influencing its general population demographics and nutritional status including the state of health and nutrition of pregnant women. This study aimed to explore body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG), and their relationship with pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Indonesian pregnant women. METHODS: This observational cohort study included a total of 607 pregnant women who were recruited in 2010 from maternity clinics in Western Sumatra, Indonesia...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120703/maternal-obesity-gestational-weight-gain-and-asthma-in-offspring
#8
Kristen J Polinski, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian, Alexander C McLain
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is common among women of childbearing age; intrauterine exposure to maternal obesity or gestational weight gain may influence the development of asthma in early childhood. We examined the relationships of maternal obesity and gestational weight gain with asthma in offspring. METHODS: We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, which has a nationally representative sample of children followed from birth in 2001 through age 4 (n = 6,450)...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120460/prenatal-reflex-dna-screening-for-trisomies-21-18-and-13
#9
Nicholas J Wald, Wayne J Huttly, Jonathan P Bestwick, Robert Old, Joan K Morris, Ray Cheng, Joe Aquilina, Elisabeth Peregrine, Devender Roberts, Zarko Alfirevic
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to determine the screening performance of prenatal reflex DNA screening for trisomies 21 (T21), 18 (T18), and 13 (T13) as part of a routine service at five hospitals.MethodsWomen who accepted screening had a first-trimester combined test (pregnancy-associated plasma protein A, free β-human chorionic gonadotropin, nuchal translucency interpreted with maternal age). Those with a risk of having an affected pregnancy ≥1 in 800 were reflexed to a DNA sequencing test using stored plasma from the original blood sample, thereby avoiding the need to recall them...
November 9, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120459/informative-priors-on-fetal-fraction-increase-power-of-the-noninvasive-prenatal-screen
#10
Hanli Xu, Shaowei Wang, Lin-Lin Ma, Shuai Huang, Lin Liang, Qian Liu, Yang-Yang Liu, Ke-Di Liu, Ze-Min Tan, Hao Ban, Yongtao Guan, Zuhong Lu
PurposeNoninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) sequences a mixture of the maternal and fetal cell-free DNA. Fetal trisomy can be detected by examining chromosomal dosages estimated from sequencing reads. The traditional method uses the Z-test, which compares a subject against a set of euploid controls, where the information of fetal fraction is not fully utilized. Here we present a Bayesian method that leverages informative priors on the fetal fraction.MethodOur Bayesian method combines the Z-test likelihood and informative priors of the fetal fraction, which are learned from the sex chromosomes, to compute Bayes factors...
November 9, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120458/precision-newborn-screening-for-lysosomal-disorders
#11
Melissa M Minter Baerg, Stephanie D Stoway, Jeremy Hart, Lea Mott, Dawn S Peck, Stephanie L Nett, Jason S Eckerman, Jean M Lacey, Coleman T Turgeon, Dimitar Gavrilov, Devin Oglesbee, Kimiyo Raymond, Silvia Tortorelli, Dietrich Matern, Lars Mørkrid, Piero Rinaldo
PurposeThe implementation of newborn screening for lysosomal disorders has uncovered overall poor specificity, psychosocial harm experienced by caregivers, and costly follow-up testing of false-positive cases. We report an informatics solution proven to minimize these issues.MethodsThe Kentucky Department for Public Health outsourced testing for mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) and Pompe disease, conditions recently added to the recommended uniform screening panel, plus Krabbe disease, which was added by legislative mandate...
November 9, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120454/hospital-volume-and-cesarean-delivery-among-low-risk-women-in-a-nationwide-sample
#12
M A Clapp, K E James, A Melamed, J L Ecker, A J Kaimal
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if hospital delivery volume was associated with a patient's risk for cesarean delivery in low-risk women. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively examines a cohort of 1 657 495 deliveries identified in the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database. Hospitals were stratified by delivery volume quartiles. Low-risk patients were identified using the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine definition (n=845 056). A multivariable logistic regression accounting for hospital-level clustering was constructed to assess the factors affecting a patient's odds for cesarean delivery...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117320/update-on-fertility-preservation-from-the-barcelona-international-society-for-fertility-preservation-eshre-asrm-2015-expert-meeting-indications-results-and-future-perspectives
#13
Francisca Martinez
STUDY QUESTION: What progress has been made in fertility preservation (FP) over the last decade? SUMMARY ANSWER: FP techniques have been widely adopted over the last decade and therefore the establishment of international registries on their short- and long-term outcomes is strongly recommended. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: FP is a fundamental issue for both males and females whose future fertility may be compromised. Reproductive capacity may be seriously affected by age, different medical conditions and also by treatments, especially those with gonadal toxicity...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115960/should-the-poor-have-no-medicines-to-cure-a-study-on-the-association-between-social-class-and-social-security-among-the-rural-migrant-workers-in-urban-china
#14
Ming Guan
BACKGROUND: The rampant urbanization and medical marketization in China have resulted in increased vulnerabilities to health and socioeconomic disparities among the rural migrant workers in urban China. In the Chinese context, the socioeconomic characteristics of rural migrant workers have attracted considerable research attention in the recent past years. However, to date, no previous studies have explored the association between the socioeconomic factors and social security among the rural migrant workers in urban China...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115686/inner-volume-echo-volumar-imaging-ivevi-for-robust-fetal-brain-imaging
#15
Rita G Nunes, Giulio Ferrazzi, Anthony N Price, Jana Hutter, Andreia S Gaspar, Mary A Rutherford, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: Fetal functional MRI studies using conventional 2-dimensional single-shot echo-planar imaging sequences may require discarding a large data fraction as a result of fetal and maternal motion. Increasing the temporal resolution using echo volumar imaging (EVI) could provide an effective alternative strategy. Echo volumar imaging was combined with inner volume (IV) imaging (IVEVI) to locally excite the fetal brain and acquire full 3-dimensional images, fast enough to freeze most fetal head motion...
November 8, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114266/android-application-model-of-suami-siaga-plus-as-an-innovation-in-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-bp-cr-intervention
#16
Hanna Yuanita Dana Santoso, Supriyana Supriyana, Bahiyatun Bahiyatun, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Diyah Fatmasari, Sudiyono Sudiyono, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Doni Marisi Sinaga
Objective: WHO recommends Mobile health, a practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices, to improve community health status and change people's behavior for the health purposes. The present study sought to examine the effectiveness of the android application program of Suami Siaga Plus in increasing husband's scores in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) intervention. Materials and methods: It was a randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. A total of 38 couples of husbands and pregnant women from three health centers at three sub districts in Semarang was selected by proportional systematic random sampling technique and equally distributed into control and intervention group...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112649/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-utilization-of-labor-management-strategies-intended-to-reduce-cesarean-delivery-rates
#17
Lynn M Yee, Maged M Costantine, Madeline Murguia Rice, Jennifer Bailit, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether racial and ethnic differences exist in the frequency of and indications for cesarean delivery and to assess whether application of labor management strategies intended to reduce cesarean delivery rates is associated with patient's race and ethnicity. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter observational obstetric cohort. Trained research personnel abstracted maternal and neonatal records of greater than 115,000 pregnant women from 25 hospitals (2008-2011)...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107981/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-monochorionic-diamniotic-twinning-after-assisted-reproduction-a-six-year-experience-base-on-a-large-cohort-of-pregnancies
#18
Bing Song, Zhao-Lian Wei, Xiao-Feng Xu, Xue Wang, Xiao-Jin He, Huan Wu, Ping Zhou, Yun-Xia Cao
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the incidence and risk factors for monochorionic diamniotic(MC-DA) twinning after assisted reproductive technologies (ART). DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. SETTING: The study was conducted in China; Department of Reproductive Medicine Center at The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. POPULATION: A cohort of 8860 clinical pregnancies after embryo transfer (ET) carried out in our center between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for the incidence of MC-DA twinning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104669/genome-wide-association-study-for-snps-associated-with-pcos-in-human-patients
#19
Li Chen, Ling-Min Hu, Yu-Feng Wang, Hai-Yan Yang, Xiao-Yang Huang, Wei Zhou, Hai-Xiang Sun
This study investigated the possible association between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites on a genome wide level and the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a local population. Patients treated for PCOS in the outpatient clinic of the reproductive medicine center of Changzhou Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital (affiliated to Nanjing Medical University) from January of 2010 to December 2012 were selected. Female patients affected by infertility due to simple oviduct reasons or male factors, during the same period, were enrolled for the control group...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103195/maternal-sepsis-in-the-era-of-genomic-medicine
#20
REVIEW
C Kouskouti, N Evangelatos, A Brand, F Kainer
PURPOSE: Maternal sepsis remains one of the leading causes of direct and indirect maternal mortality both in high- and low-income environments. In the last two decades, systems biology approaches, based on '-omics' technologies, have started revolutionizing the diagnosis and management of the septic syndrome. The scope of this narrative review is to present an overview of the basic '-omics' technologies, exemplified by cases relevant to maternal sepsis. METHODS: Narrative review of the new '-omics' technologies based on a detailed review of the literature...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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