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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098944/validation-of-a-smartphone-based-point-of-care-hemoglobin-assay-for-use-in-dogs
#1
Kate S Farrell, Phillip L Chapman, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To validate a smartphone-based spectrophotometric assay for point-of-care (POC) measurement of hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration against the standard measurement method in dogs without increases in serum lipemia, hemolysis, or bilirubin. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred thirty-nine dogs that had a CBC and corresponding biochemical profile submitted to the clinical pathology laboratory...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098770/can-malaysian-young-adults-report-dietary-intake-using-a-food-diary-mobile-application-a-pilot-study-on-acceptability-and-compliance
#2
Yoke San Chen, Jyh Eiin Wong, Ainaa Fatehah Ayob, Nor Effendy Othman, Bee Koon Poh
Mobile applications may improve dietary reporting among young adults due to their high accessibility and embedded camera function. This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate users' acceptability and compliance in reporting dietary intake using a newly developed food diary mobile application (food app); and (ii) identify issues and recommendations for improving dietary assessment using this food app via quantitative and qualitative protocols. Twenty-eight university students each used a food app for seven consecutive days and attended one of five focus group interviews...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097779/the-mcgill-interactive-pediatric-oncogenetic-guidelines-an-approach-to-identifying-pediatric-oncology-patients-most-likely-to-benefit-from-a-genetic-evaluation
#3
Catherine Goudie, Hallie Coltin, Leora Witkowski, Stephanie Mourad, David Malkin, William D Foulkes
Identifying cancer predisposition syndromes in children with tumors is crucial, yet few clinical guidelines exist to identify children at high risk of having germline mutations. The McGill Interactive Pediatric OncoGenetic Guidelines project aims to create a validated pediatric guideline in the form of a smartphone/tablet application using algorithms to process clinical data and help determine whether to refer a child for genetic assessment. This paper discusses the initial stages of the project, focusing on its overall structure, the methodology underpinning the algorithms, and the upcoming algorithm validation process...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096132/innovative-techniques-for-evaluating-behavioral-nutrition-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Rachel E Scherr, Kevin D Laugero, Dan J Graham, Brian T Cunningham, Lisa Jahns, Karina R Lora, Marla Reicks, Amy R Mobley
Assessing outcomes and the impact from behavioral nutrition interventions has remained challenging because of the lack of methods available beyond traditional nutrition assessment tools and techniques. With the current high global obesity and related chronic disease rates, novel methods to evaluate the impact of behavioral nutrition-based interventions are much needed. The objective of this narrative review is to describe and review the current status of knowledge as it relates to 4 different innovative methods or tools to assess behavioral nutrition interventions...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095894/what-drives-attitude-towards-telemedicine-among-families-of-pediatric-patients-a-survey
#5
Luisa Russo, Ilaria Campagna, Beatrice Ferretti, Eleonora Agricola, Elisabetta Pandolfi, Emanuela Carloni, Angelo D'Ambrosio, Francesco Gesualdo, Alberto E Tozzi
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has been recognized as a way to improve accessibility, quality, and efficiency of care. In view of the introduction of new telemedicine services, we conducted a survey through a self-administered questionnaire among families of children attending the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS, a tertiary care children's hospital located in Rome, Italy. METHODS: We investigated sociodemographic data, clinical information, technological profile, attitude towards telemedicine, perceived advantages of telemedicine, fears regarding telemedicine, willingness to use a smartphone app providing telemedicine services and willingness to use a televisit service...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095883/moderated-online-social-therapy-for-carers-of-young-people-recovering-from-first-episode-psychosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Helen Herrman, Peter Koval, Dina Eleftheriadis, Sarah Bendall, Sue M Cotton, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis most often has its onset during late adolescence. In caring for the young person, families endure high levels of stress and depression. Meanwhile, the social networks of families often erode. Our group has previously shown that family cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) leads to significantly improved perceived stress compared with specialist first-episode treatment as usual; however, there are well-known barriers to the dissemination of effective family interventions...
January 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095101/an-immediate-effect-of-axial-neck-rotation-training-with-real-time-visual-feedback-using-a-smartphone-inclinometer-on-improvement-in-axial-neck-rotation-function
#7
Kyue-Nam Park, Oh-Yun Kwon, Si-Hyun Kim, In-Cheol Jeon
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of axial neck rotation training (Axi-NRT) with and without real-time visual feedback (VF) using a smartphone inclinometer on the range of motion (ROM) for axial neck rotation and the onset of compensatory neck lateral bending and extension during active neck rotation. METHODS: Twenty participants with restricted ROM for neck rotation but no neck pain (21.1 ± 1.6 years and 8 males, 12 females) were recruited for Axi-NRT with VF, and twenty age- and gender-matched participants with restricted ROM for neck rotation were recruited for Axi-NRT without VF...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094081/emerging-human-fetuin-a-assays-for-biomedical-diagnostics
#8
REVIEW
Sandeep Kumar Vashist, E Marion Schneider, A G Venkatesh, John H T Luong
Human fetuin A (HFA) plays a prominent pathophysiological role in numerous diseases and pathophysiological conditions with considerable biomedical significance; one example is the formation of calciprotein particles in osteoporosis and impaired calcium metabolisms. With impressive advances in in vitro diagnostic assays during the last decade, ELISAs have become a workhorse in routine clinical diagnostics. Recent diagnostic formats involve high-sensitivity immunoassay procedures, surface plasmon resonance, rapid immunoassay chemistries, signal enhancement, and smartphone detection...
January 13, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092582/automatic-prediction-of-health-status-using-smartphone-derived-behaviour-profiles
#9
Daniel Kelly, Kevin Curran, Brian Caulfield
OBJECTIVE: Current methods of assessing the affect a patients' health has on their daily life are extremely limited. The aim of this work is to develop a sensor based approach to health status measurement in order to objectively measure health status. METHODS: Techniques to generate human behaviour profiles, derived from smartphone accelerometer and gyroscope sensors, are proposed. Experiments, using SVM regression models, are then conducted in order to evaluate the use of the proposed behaviour profiles as a predictor of health status...
January 9, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092224/visual-map-and-instruction-based-bicycle-navigation-a-comparison-of-effects-on-behaviour
#10
Dick de Waard, Frank Westerhuis, Danielle Joling, Stella Weiland, Ronja Stadtbäumer, Leonie Kaltofen
Cycling with a classic paper map was compared with navigating with a moving map displayed on a smartphone, and with auditory, and visual turn-by-turn route guidance. Spatial skills were found to be related to navigation performance, however only when navigating from a paper or electronic map, not with turn-by-turn (instruction based) navigation. While navigating, 25% of the time cyclists fixated at the devices that present visual information. Navigating from a paper map required most mental effort and both young and older cyclists preferred electronic over paper map navigation...
January 16, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083733/smartphone-based-colorimetric-elisa-implementation-for-determination-of-women-s-reproductive-steroid-hormone-profiles
#11
Tejaswi Ogirala, Ashley Eapen, Katrina G Salvante, Tomas Rapaport, Pablo A Nepomnaschy, Ash M Parameswaran
Biologists frequently collect and analyze biospecimens in naturalistic (i.e., field) conditions to ascertain information regarding the physiological status of their study participants. Generally, field-collected biospecimens need to be stored frozen in the field and then transported frozen to laboratory facilities where traditional biomarker assays, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), are conducted. As proper storage and transport of frozen specimens is often logistically difficult and expensive, particularly in nonurban field settings, methods that reduce the need for specimen storage and transport would benefit field-research dependent disciplines such as biology, ecology and epidemiology...
January 12, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083427/information-and-communication-technologies-in-behavioral-health-a-literature-review-with-recommendations-for-the-air-force
#12
Joshua Breslau, Charles C Engel
The dramatic evolution in information and communication technologies (ICTs) online and on smartphones has led to rapid innovations in behavioral health care. To assist the U.S. Air Force in developing a strategy for use of ICTs, the authors reviewed the scientific literature on their use to prevent and treat behavioral health conditions, such as major depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and alcohol misuse. There is currently little scientific evidence supporting additional investment in ICT-based psychosocial programs for resilience or prevention of posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, or anxiety...
May 9, 2016: Rand Health Q
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083073/experience-sampling-of-positive-affect-in-adolescents-with-autism-feasibility-and-preliminary-findings
#13
Megan Kovac, Maya Mosner, Stephanie Miller, Eleanor K Hanna, Gabriel S Dichter
BACKGROUND: Experience sampling is a powerful method for obtaining ecologically valid data from research participants in real-world contexts. Given the urgent need for innovative and sensitive outcome measures in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research, the present study sought to examine the feasibility of using experience sampling of positive affect and behavior in adolescents with ASD. METHOD: Nineteen high functioning adolescents with ASD and 20 sex and age matched controls completed smartphone- and Qualtrics® -based experience sampling of positive affect and behavior six times over four days...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081034/the-effects-of-the-removal-of-electronic-devices-for-48-hours-on-sleep-in-elite-judo-athletes
#14
Ian C Dunican, David T Martin, Shona L Halson, Reid Reale, Brian Dawson, John Caldwell, Maddison J Jones, Peter R Eastwood
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of the removal of electronic devices (i.e., smartphones, etc.) for 48 hours on sleep quality and next-day athletic and cognitive performance in elite Judo athletes. PARTICIPANTS: Over 6 days and nights, 23 eliteAustralian Judo athletes were monitored while attending a camp at the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS). In 14 athletes all electronic devices were removed on days 3 & 4 (i.e. for 48 hours: the 'device-restricted group') while 9 were permitted to use their devices throughout the camp (the 'control group')...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078546/postoperative-real-time-electrocardiography-monitoring-detects-myocardial-ischemia-a-case-report
#15
Homer Yang, Ashraf Fayad, Alan Chaput, Stuart Oake, Adrian D C Chan, Mary Lou Crossan
PURPOSE: This case report outlines the utility and challenges of remote continuous postoperative electrocardiography ECG) monitoring, which is routed through a secure smartphone to provide real-time detection and management of myocardial ischemia. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 42-yr-old male with previous myocardial infarction and angioplasty underwent a radical prostatectomy. At three hours and 45 min postoperatively, remote real-time ECG monitoring was initiated upon the patient's arrival on a regular surgical ward...
January 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#16
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077751/performance-of-health-workers-using-an-electronic-algorithm-for-the-management-of-childhood-illness-in-tanzania-a-pilot-implementation-study
#17
Clotilde Rambaud-Althaus, Amani Shao, Josephine Samaka, Ndeniria Swai, Seneca Perri, Judith Kahama-Maro, Marc Mitchell, Valérie D'Acremont, Blaise Genton
In low-resource settings, where qualified health workers (HWs) are scarce and childhood mortality high, rational antimicrobial prescription for childhood illnesses is a challenge. To assess whether smartphones running guidelines, as compared with paper support, improve consultation process and rational use of medicines for children, a pilot cluster-randomized controlled study was conducted in Tanzania. Nine primary health-care facilities (HFs) were randomized into three arms: 1) paper algorithm, 2) electronic algorithm on a smartphone, and 3) control...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077254/use-of-the-smartphone-for-end-vertebra-selection-in-scoliosis
#18
Murad Pepe, Onur Kocadal, Abdullah Iyigun, Zafer Gunes, Ertugrul Aksahin, Cem Nuri Aktekin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to develop a smartphone-aided end vertebra selection method and to investigate its effectiveness in Cobb angle measurement. METHODS: Twenty-nine adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients' pre-operative posteroanterior scoliosis radiographs were used for end vertebra selection and Cobb angle measurement by standard method and smartphone-aided method. Measurements were performed by 7 examiners. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to analyze selection and measurement reliability...
January 8, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077223/an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial-of-personalized-lifestyle-advice-and-tandem-skydives-as-a-means-to-reduce-anhedonia
#19
Eeske Van Roekel, Charlotte Vrijen, Vera E Heininga, Maurits Masselink, Elisabeth H Bos, Albertine J Oldehinkel
Anhedonia is a major public health concern and has proven particularly difficult to counteract. It has been hypothesized that anhedonia can be deterred by engagement in rewarding social and physical events. The aims of the present study were to examine (1) the effects of personalized lifestyle advice based on observed individual patterns of lifestyle factors and experienced pleasure in anhedonic young adults; and (2) whether a tandem skydive can enhance the motivation to carry out the recommended lifestyle changes...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076375/sensiblesleep-a-bayesian-model-for-learning-sleep-patterns-from-smartphone-events
#20
Andrea Cuttone, Per Bækgaard, Vedran Sekara, Håkan Jonsson, Jakob Eg Larsen, Sune Lehmann
We propose a Bayesian model for extracting sleep patterns from smartphone events. Our method is able to identify individuals' daily sleep periods and their evolution over time, and provides an estimation of the probability of sleep and wake transitions. The model is fitted to more than 400 participants from two different datasets, and we verify the results against ground truth from dedicated armband sleep trackers. We show that the model is able to produce reliable sleep estimates with an accuracy of 0.89, both at the individual and at the collective level...
2017: PloS One
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