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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809866/-employee-wellbeing-in-a-university-department-italy
#1
Alessandra Sinopoli, Cristina Sestili, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Alice Mannocci, Maria De Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681546/a-national-survey-of-the-effects-of-fatigue-on-trainees-in-anaesthesia-in-the-uk
#2
L McClelland, J Holland, J-P Lomas, N Redfern, E Plunkett
Long daytime and overnight shifts remain a major feature of working life for trainees in anaesthesia. Over the past 10 years, there has been an increase in awareness and understanding of the potential effects of fatigue on both the doctor and the patient. The Working Time Regulations (1998) implemented the European Working Time Directive into UK law, and in August 2009 it was applied to junior doctors, reducing the maximum hours worked from an average of 56 per week to 48. Despite this, there is evidence that problems with inadequate rest and fatigue persist...
July 5, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675195/how-to-deal-with-violent-and-aggressive-patients-in-acute-medical-settings
#3
R H Harwood
Dealing with violence and aggression is an area where health professionals often feel uncertain. Standing at the interface between medicine, psychiatry and law, the best actions may not be clear, and guidelines neither consistently applicable nor explicit. An aggressive, violent or abusive patient may be behaving anti-socially or criminally. But in acute medical settings it is more likely that a medical, mental health or emotional problem, or some combination thereof, is the explanation and usually we will not know the relative contribution of each element...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660642/towards-inclusive-occupational-therapy-introducing-the-core-approach-for-inclusive-and-occupation-focused-practice
#4
Robert B Pereira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupation is a human right and a social determinant of health. It is also taken for granted. Having access to, and participating in, occupation, is intricately linked to positive health and wellbeing. Despite theory and evidence to support the link between occupation, health and wellbeing, occupational therapists can struggle with applying an occupation focus in practice and knowing how to use occupational frameworks to enable occupation. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the Capabilities, Opportunities, Resources and Environments (CORE) approach for inclusive and occupation-focused practice...
June 29, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553004/relationships-among-caregiving-income-gender-and-health-a-cross-sectional-examination-of-a-representative-sample-of-older-americans
#5
Tracy Wharton, Kara Zivin
Although there is substantial evidence to support the impact of burden on caregivers, few studies have compared caregivers to their non-caregiving counterparts on the basis of health and wellbeing outcomes. This study examines the relationship between caregiving and health, and whether other factors may have stronger influence on well-being measures. Using a nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States (N=3,005), this study examines relationships between caregiving status, gender, and income, and nine outcomes (self-rated physical and mental health, time since seeing a doctor, time since most recent pap smear or prostate-specific antigen [PSA] test, depression, loneliness, stress, anxiety), using logistic and linear regression models...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504076/firm-findings-on-doctors-wellbeing
#6
Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504070/adverse-effects-on-health-and-wellbeing-of-working-as-a-doctor-views-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-1974-and-1977-surveyed-in-2014
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective To report on any adverse effects on health and wellbeing of working as a doctor, as described by senior doctors. Design Questionnaires sent in 2014 to all medical graduates of 1974 and 1977. Participants 3695 UK medical graduates. Setting United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Statements about adverse effects upon health, wellbeing and career. Results The aggregated response rate from contactable doctors was 84.6% (3695/4369). In response to the question 'Do you feel that working as a doctor has had any adverse effects on your own health or wellbeing?', 44% of doctors answered 'yes'...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385036/ethnic-inequalities-in-doctor-patient-communication-regarding-personal-care-plans-the-mediating-effects-of-positive-mental-wellbeing
#9
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345217/fatigue-and-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#10
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen, Max K Bulsara, Jade Acton
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked doctor fatigue with adverse patient events and an increase in risk to doctors' personal safety and wellbeing. The present study assesses the rostering structure of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) trainees and its association with trainees' reported fatigue levels, training opportunities and wellbeing, which were secondary outcomes of a larger study of trainee working hours which has been separately reported...
March 26, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299774/working-hours-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#11
Jade Acton, Paige E Tucker, Max K Bulsara, Paul A Cohen
BACKGROUND: The importance of doctors' working hours has gained significant attention with evidence suggesting long hours and fatigue may compromise the safety and wellbeing of both patients and doctors. This study aims to quantify the working hours of The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) specialist trainees in order to better inform discussions of working hours and safety within our region. METHODS: An anonymous, online survey of RANZCOG trainees was conducted...
March 15, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185600/health-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-sexual-difficulties-in-men-results-from-a-study-of-australian-men-aged-18-to-55%C3%A2-years
#12
Marisa Schlichthorst, Lena A Sanci, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Sexual difficulties (SD) are common among men of all ages and can have considerable impact on quality of life and indications for future health. SD are associated with mental and physical wellbeing and with relationship satisfaction, yet they are rarely discussed with medical professionals who are often ill equipped to assess and manage them. This paper provides an updated overview on the status of SD in Australian men from 18 to 55 years of age and will form a baseline comparison for future analyses of SD based on Ten to Men data...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156608/when-home-means-another-nation-the-power-and-pitfalls-of-repatriation-at-the-end-of-life-from-a-tertiary-cancer-centre
#13
(no author information available yet)
46 Background: How people die lives on in the memory of those who survive. It is therefore pivotal for palliative teams to help craft an ending in line with patient and family goals. It has been observed in a tertiary cancer centre that there is often a spiritual imperative for patients to return to their nation of birth, once treatment is stopped and mortality accepted. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 3 patients repatriated for end of life care to their nation of birth (Romania, Portugal, Ireland), focusing on: the conversations about the goal of repatriation and its meaning to the patient; the practical barriers and enablers of repatriation of patients with advanced cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109292/training-a-medical-workforce-to-meet-the-needs-of-diverse-minority-communities
#14
Faafetai Sopoaga, Tony Zaharic, Jesse Kokaua, Sahra Covello
BACKGROUND: The growing demand for a competent health workforce to meet the needs of increasingly diverse societies has been widely acknowledged. One medical school in New Zealand explored the integration of the commonly used patient-centred model approach, with an intersectional framework in the development of a cultural competency training programme. In the Pacific Immersion Programme, medical students in their fourth year of training are given the opportunity to learn about different factors that influence the health and health care of a minority community through immersion in that community...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103925/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-workplace-learning-in-postgraduate-medical-education-and-training
#15
Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O'Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery, Deirdre Bennett
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, shapes the development of the doctors who learn and work within it, ultimately impacting the quality and safety of patient care. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities...
January 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093422/gps-perceptions-of-workload-in-england-a-qualitative-interview-study
#16
Caroline Hd Croxson, Helen F Ashdown, Fd Richard Hobbs
BACKGROUND: GPs report the lowest levels of morale among doctors, job satisfaction is low, and the GP workforce is diminishing. Workload is frequently cited as negatively impacting on commitment to a career in general practice, and many GPs report that their workload is unmanageable. AIM: To gather an in-depth understanding of GPs' perceptions and attitudes towards workload. DESIGN AND SETTING: All GPs working within NHS England were eligible...
February 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#17
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063339/the-experiences-and-needs-of-healthcare-professionals-facing-perinatal-death-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Shefaly Shorey, Beate André, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Globally, perinatal death is on a decline. However, its impact on the healthcare profession is huge. The existing literature focuses on examining perinatal death from parents' perspectives and patient death from the perspectives of nurses and a few doctors in critical care, oncology, and neonatology in the West. Due to the unique setting of maternity units where death is not routinely anticipated, as well as distinctive socio-cultural views surrounding death, there is a need to comprehensively review literature examining the impact of perinatal death on the perspectives of healthcare professionals working in maternity units...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009058/the-health-functioning-and-wellbeing-summary-traffic-light-communication-tool-a-survey-of-families-views
#19
Peter Ireland, Karen A Horridge
AIM: To ascertain families' views about the utility of the Health, Functioning and Wellbeing Summary (HFWS) in positively supporting communication in clinics. METHOD: The HFWS was co-developed with families and members of the multidisciplinary team. A sequential convenience sample of 60 families who attended clinics in Sunderland, UK in 2015 agreed to participate and answered eight questions about their views on the tool's usefulness. Data were recorded and analysed in Microsoft Excel...
June 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914570/a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-in-homeopathic-clinical-practice-for-long-term-conditions
#20
Elizabeth Thompson, Petter Viksveen, Susan Barron
BACKGROUND: This study was initiated as part of a quality improvement audit process to create standards around goal setting with our patients to understand and improve outcomes of homeopathic treatment. METHOD: We used the Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP2) as a tool to assist clinicians in setting the treatment goals across a wide range of diagnoses and other complaints in routine clinical practice at the Bristol Homeopathic Hospital. The data collected from the MYMOP2 is of significance in its own right and the results are now reported in this paper...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
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