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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132332/first-and-second-year-medical-students-identify-and-self-stereotype-more-as-doctors-than-as-students-a-questionnaire-study
#1
Bryan Burford, Harriet E S Rosenthal-Stott
BACKGROUND: The emergence of medical students' professional identity is important. This paper considers this in a snapshot of the early years of undergraduate medical education. From the perspective of social identity theory, it also considers self-stereotyping, the extent to which individuals associate with attributes identified as typical of groups. METHOD: Paper questionnaires were completed by first and second year medical students following teaching sessions at the beginning (October) and end (April) of the academic year...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042389/what-s-up-doc-a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-psychological-wellbeing-of-hospital-doctors-in-ireland
#2
Blánaid Hayes, Lucia Prihodova, Gillian Walsh, Frank Doyle, Sally Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To measure levels of psychological distress, psychological wellbeing and self-stigma in hospital doctors in Ireland. DESIGN: National cross-sectional study of randomised sample of hospital doctors. Participants provided sociodemographic data (age, sex, marital status), work grade (consultant, higher/basic specialist trainee), specialty and work hours and completed well-being questionnaires (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, WHO Well-being Index, General Health Questionnaire) and single-item scales on self-rated health and self-stigma...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026403/practicalities-of-health-survey-fieldwork-research-in-a-resource-limited-setting-challenges-and-lessons-learnt-from-uganda
#3
Julie Abimanyi-Ochom
BACKGROUND: Countless research has been undertaken in sub-Saharan African countries to provide evidence for health policy interventions. However, despite the bulk of health research, very few studies have documented the experiences and practicalities of conducting health survey fieldwork in such settings. METHODS: Results were obtained through synthesis of notes on fieldwork experiences documented during a household survey as part of a doctoral research project...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#4
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865472/doctoral-level-research-and-training-capacity-in-the-social-determinants-of-health-at-universities-and-higher-education-institutions-in-india-china-oman-and-vietnam-a-survey-of-needs
#5
Farhad Ali, Arun Shet, Weirong Yan, Abdullah Al-Maniri, Salla Atkins, Henry Lucas
BACKGROUND: Research capacity is scarce in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. Social determinants of health research (SDH) is an area in which research capacity is lacking, particularly in Asian countries. SDH research can support health decision-makers, inform policy and thereby improve the overall health and wellbeing of the population. In order to continue building this capacity, we need to know to what extent training exists and how challenges could be addressed from the perspective of students and staff...
September 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851354/the-relationship-between-working-conditions-and-self-rated-health-among-medical-doctors-evidence-from-seven-waves-of-the-medicine-in-australia-balancing-employment-and-life-mabel-survey
#6
Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Matthew J Spittal, Marie Bismark, Melissa Graham, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial job stressors, such as low control and high demands, have been found to influence the health and wellbeing of doctors. However, past research in this area has relied on cross-sectional data, which limits causal inferences about the influence of psychosocial job stressors on health. In this study, we examine this relationship longitudinally while also assessing whether the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and health is modified by gender. METHODS: The data source was seven annual waves of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey...
August 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809866/-employee-wellbeing-in-a-university-department-italy
#7
Alessandra Sinopoli, Cristina Sestili, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Alice Mannocci, Maria De Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681546/a-national-survey-of-the-effects-of-fatigue-on-trainees-in-anaesthesia-in-the-uk
#8
L McClelland, J Holland, J-P Lomas, N Redfern, E Plunkett
Long daytime and overnight shifts remain a major feature of working life for trainees in anaesthesia. Over the past 10 years, there has been an increase in awareness and understanding of the potential effects of fatigue on both the doctor and the patient. The Working Time Regulations (1998) implemented the European Working Time Directive into UK law, and in August 2009 it was applied to junior doctors, reducing the maximum hours worked from an average of 56 per week to 48. Despite this, there is evidence that problems with inadequate rest and fatigue persist...
September 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675195/how-to-deal-with-violent-and-aggressive-patients-in-acute-medical-settings
#9
R H Harwood
Dealing with violence and aggression is an area where health professionals often feel uncertain. Standing at the interface between medicine, psychiatry and law, the best actions may not be clear, and guidelines neither consistently applicable nor explicit. An aggressive, violent or abusive patient may be behaving anti-socially or criminally. But in acute medical settings it is more likely that a medical, mental health or emotional problem, or some combination thereof, is the explanation and usually we will not know the relative contribution of each element...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660642/towards-inclusive-occupational-therapy-introducing-the-core-approach-for-inclusive-and-occupation-focused-practice
#10
Robert B Pereira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupation is a human right and a social determinant of health. It is also taken for granted. Having access to, and participating in, occupation, is intricately linked to positive health and wellbeing. Despite theory and evidence to support the link between occupation, health and wellbeing, occupational therapists can struggle with applying an occupation focus in practice and knowing how to use occupational frameworks to enable occupation. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the Capabilities, Opportunities, Resources and Environments (CORE) approach for inclusive and occupation-focused practice...
June 29, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553004/relationships-among-caregiving-income-gender-and-health-a-cross-sectional-examination-of-a-representative-sample-of-older-americans
#11
Tracy Wharton, Kara Zivin
Although there is substantial evidence to support the impact of burden on caregivers, few studies have compared caregivers to their non-caregiving counterparts on the basis of health and wellbeing outcomes. This study examines the relationship between caregiving and health, and whether other factors may have stronger influence on well-being measures. Using a nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States (N=3,005), this study examines relationships between caregiving status, gender, and income, and nine outcomes (self-rated physical and mental health, time since seeing a doctor, time since most recent pap smear or prostate-specific antigen [PSA] test, depression, loneliness, stress, anxiety), using logistic and linear regression models...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504076/firm-findings-on-doctors-wellbeing
#12
Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504070/adverse-effects-on-health-and-wellbeing-of-working-as-a-doctor-views-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-1974-and-1977-surveyed-in-2014
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective To report on any adverse effects on health and wellbeing of working as a doctor, as described by senior doctors. Design Questionnaires sent in 2014 to all medical graduates of 1974 and 1977. Participants 3695 UK medical graduates. Setting United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Statements about adverse effects upon health, wellbeing and career. Results The aggregated response rate from contactable doctors was 84.6% (3695/4369). In response to the question 'Do you feel that working as a doctor has had any adverse effects on your own health or wellbeing?', 44% of doctors answered 'yes'...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385036/ethnic-inequalities-in-doctor-patient-communication-regarding-personal-care-plans-the-mediating-effects-of-positive-mental-wellbeing
#15
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345217/fatigue-and-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#16
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen, Max K Bulsara, Jade Acton
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked doctor fatigue with adverse patient events and an increase in risk to doctors' personal safety and wellbeing. The present study assesses the rostering structure of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) trainees and its association with trainees' reported fatigue levels, training opportunities and wellbeing, which were secondary outcomes of a larger study of trainee working hours which has been separately reported...
October 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299774/working-hours-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#17
Jade Acton, Paige E Tucker, Max K Bulsara, Paul A Cohen
BACKGROUND: The importance of doctors' working hours has gained significant attention with evidence suggesting long hours and fatigue may compromise the safety and wellbeing of both patients and doctors. This study aims to quantify the working hours of The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) specialist trainees in order to better inform discussions of working hours and safety within our region. METHODS: An anonymous, online survey of RANZCOG trainees was conducted...
October 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185600/health-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-sexual-difficulties-in-men-results-from-a-study-of-australian-men-aged-18-to-55%C3%A2-years
#18
Marisa Schlichthorst, Lena A Sanci, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Sexual difficulties (SD) are common among men of all ages and can have considerable impact on quality of life and indications for future health. SD are associated with mental and physical wellbeing and with relationship satisfaction, yet they are rarely discussed with medical professionals who are often ill equipped to assess and manage them. This paper provides an updated overview on the status of SD in Australian men from 18 to 55 years of age and will form a baseline comparison for future analyses of SD based on Ten to Men data...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156608/when-home-means-another-nation-the-power-and-pitfalls-of-repatriation-at-the-end-of-life-from-a-tertiary-cancer-centre
#19
(no author information available yet)
46 Background: How people die lives on in the memory of those who survive. It is therefore pivotal for palliative teams to help craft an ending in line with patient and family goals. It has been observed in a tertiary cancer centre that there is often a spiritual imperative for patients to return to their nation of birth, once treatment is stopped and mortality accepted. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 3 patients repatriated for end of life care to their nation of birth (Romania, Portugal, Ireland), focusing on: the conversations about the goal of repatriation and its meaning to the patient; the practical barriers and enablers of repatriation of patients with advanced cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109292/training-a-medical-workforce-to-meet-the-needs-of-diverse-minority-communities
#20
Faafetai Sopoaga, Tony Zaharic, Jesse Kokaua, Sahra Covello
BACKGROUND: The growing demand for a competent health workforce to meet the needs of increasingly diverse societies has been widely acknowledged. One medical school in New Zealand explored the integration of the commonly used patient-centred model approach, with an intersectional framework in the development of a cultural competency training programme. In the Pacific Immersion Programme, medical students in their fourth year of training are given the opportunity to learn about different factors that influence the health and health care of a minority community through immersion in that community...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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