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(Hip OR Femoral neck OR Pertrochanteric OR Intertrochanteric OR subtrochanteric OR femur OR femoral) AND fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097725/increased-cortical-porosity-in-women-with-hip-fracture
#1
D Sundh, A G Nilsson, M Nilsson, L Johansson, D Mellström, M Lorentzon
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures cause increased mortality and disability and consume enormous healthcare resources. Only 46% of hip fracture patients have osteoporosis at the total hip according to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurement. Cortical porosity increases with ageing and is believed to be important for bone strength. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether older women with hip fracture have higher cortical porosity than controls, and if so whether this difference is independent of clinical risk factors and areal bone mineral density (aBMD)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097413/when-surgical-resources-are-severely-constrained-who-receives-care-determinants-of-access-to-orthopaedic-trauma-surgery-in-uganda
#2
Trina Stephens, Alexander Mezei, Nathan N O'Hara, Jeffrey Potter, Rodney Mugarura, Piotr A Blachut, Peter J O'Brien, Tito Beyeza, Gerard P Slobogean
BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries, the volume of traumatic injuries requiring orthopaedic intervention routinely exceeds the capacity of available surgical resources. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of surgical care for lower extremity fracture patients at a high-demand, resource-limited public hospital in Uganda. METHODS: Skeletally mature patients admitted with the intention of definitive surgical treatment of an isolated tibia or femur fractures to the national referral hospital in Uganda were recruited to participate in this study...
January 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097118/femur-neck-fracture-in-a-young-marfan-syndrome-patient
#3
Yong-Uk Kwon, Gyu-Min Kong, Jun-Ho Park
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant and could decrease bone mineral density. So patients with Marfan syndrome could vulnerable to trauma in old ages. We present the first report, to the best of our knowledge, of a rare fracture of the femoral neck with a minor traumatic history in a juvenile Marfan syndrome patient whose physis is still open. Although the patient is young, her bone mineral density was low and the geometry of femur is changed like old ages. The femur neck fracture in children is very rare and only caused by high energy trauma, we concluded that the Marfan syndrome makes the bone weaker in young age and preventative medications to avoid fractures in younger Marfan syndrome patients are necessary in early ages...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097117/cobalt-intoxication-heart-failure-after-revision-total-hip-replacement-for-ceramic-head-fracture-a-case-report
#4
Chul-Ho Kim, Young Hyun Choi, Mi Yeon Jeong, Jae Suk Chang, Pil Whan Yoon
In 1960s, toxic heart failure due to cobalt poisoning was firstly reported from Canadian industrial worker. Following development of bearing materials in hip arthroplasties, using cobalt-chrome alloy in bearing surface, there were rarely reported of systemic affect toxic cobaltism include toxic heart failure due to articulation wear in Western countries. It could be happened more easily by third body wear from ceramic particle especially revision total hip replacement (THR) surgery using cobalt-chrome alloy following ceramic articulation breakage which index surgery performed by ceramic on ceramic bearing...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097115/granulomatous-lung-disease-a-novel-complication-following-metallosis-from-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Theodoros Balbouzis, Thomas Georgiadis, Peter Grigoris
A case of a female patient with local and systemic complications of metallosis, following catastrophic wear of a revised hip arthroplasty, is presented. The patient had a history of a fractured ceramic-on-ceramic implant, exchanged with a metal-on-polyethylene prosthesis. Systemic complications included sarcoidosis-like reactions, presenting as granulomatous lung disease, along with chorioretinitis, erythema nodosum, and cardiomyopathy. High local and circulating cobalt and chromium levels established the diagnosis...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097113/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-treatment-for-type-a1-intertrochanteric-femoral-fracture-in-elderly-patients-comparison-of-dynamic-hip-screw-and-proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation
#6
Hong Man Cho, Kyujung Lee
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the clinical and functional outcomes of dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) treatment of AO type 1 intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 194 consecutive patients with type A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures who were treated with DHS (n=113) or PFNA (n=81). We evaluated operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and functional outcomes, walking ability, and the Barthel activities index...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097112/surgical-results-of-the-cephalomedullary-nail-for-the-femoral-intertrochanteric-fracture-comparison-between-non-experienced-surgeons-and-experienced-surgeon
#7
Jae-Seong Seo, Hak-Jin Min, Dong Min Kim, Seung-Min Oh, Sang-Min Kim
PURPOSE: Cephalomedullary nail (CM nail) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures is in the lime light in recent years. The purpose of this study is to compare surgical outcomes between experienced surgeon and non-experienced surgeons in respect of CM nail for femoral intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 129 patients underwent CM nail for femoral intertrochanteric fracture more than six months of follow-up from April 2011 to March 2014 in Seoul Medical Center (Seoul, Korea) were participated in this study...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097111/fucntional-and-radiological-outcome-of-surgical-management-of-acetabular-fractures-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
Faizan Iqbal, Intikhab Taufiq, Muhammad Kazim Raheem Najjad, Naveed Khan, Osama Bin Zia
PURPOSE: Acetabular fractures are mainly caused by trauma and the incidence is rising in developing countries. Initially these fractures were managed conservatively, due to lack of specialized and dedicated acetabulum surgery centres. Our aim is to study the radiological and functional outcomes of surgical management of acetabular fractures in tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 50 patients were enrolled. The patients with acetabular fractures were enrolled between the years 2012 to 2014...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097110/comparative-study-of-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-femur-neck-fractures-treated-with-cemented-versus-cementless-stem
#9
Jung-Yun Choi, Yerl-Bo Sung, Joo-Hyung Kim
PURPOSE: To compare and analyze clinical and radiologic outcomes of cemented versus cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty for treatment of femur neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients aged 65 years and over older who underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty for treatment of displaced femur neck fractures (Garden stage III, IV) from March 2009 to February 2014 were included in this study. Among the 180 patients, 115 were treated with cemented stems and 65 patients with cementless stems...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096579/intrathecal-ropivacaine-with-or-without-tramadol-for-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgeries
#10
Rashmi Salhotra, Medha Mohta, Deepti Agarwal, Ashok K Sethi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preservative free tramadol has been used as an adjuvant to intrathecal bupivacaine. However, the effect of the addition of tramadol on intrathecal isobaric ropivacaine has never been studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted in 50 adult male American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I or II patients, aged 18-60 years, being operated for unilateral femur fractures. An epidural catheter was inserted in L2-L3 interspace and subarachnoid block was given in L3-L4 space...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095896/screening-for-potential-genes-associated-with-bone-overgrowth-after-mid-shaft-femur-fracture-in-a-rat-model
#11
Chibing Liu, Yanting Liu, Weizhong Zhang, Xiuxin Liu
BACKGROUND: We investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms of bone overgrowth after femoral fracture by using high-throughput bioinformatics approaches. METHODS: The gene expression profile of GSE3298 (accession number) was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Sixteen femoral growth plate samples, including nine samples without fracture and seven fracture samples for seven time points, were used for analysis. The Limma package was applied to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between fractured and intact samples...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095787/the-effects-of-habitual-functional-training-on-physical-functioning-in-patients-after-hip-fracture-the-protocol-of-the-hipfrac-study
#12
Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person's physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial burden on society. Rehabilitation is important to improve physical functioning after hip fracture. To maintain the continuity in rehabilitation we have an assumption that it is of utmost importance to continue and progress the functional training that already started at the hospital, while the patients are transferred to short-term stays in a nursing home before they are returning to home...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095724/reverse-hybrid-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Helge Wangen, Leif I Havelin, Anne M Fenstad, Geir Hallan, Ove Furnes, Alma B Pedersen, Søren Overgaard, Johan Kärrholm, Göran Garellick, Keijo Mäkelä, Antti Eskelinen, Lars Nordsletten
Background and purpose - The use of a cemented cup together with an uncemented stem in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become popular in Norway and Sweden during the last decade. The results of this prosthetic concept, reverse hybrid THA, have been sparsely described. The Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) has already published 2 papers describing results of reverse hybrid THAs in different age groups. Based on data collected over 2 additional years, we wanted to perform in depth analyses of not only the reverse hybrid concept but also of the different cup/stem combinations used...
January 18, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094687/successful-management-of-femoral-trauma-in-a-through-knee-amputee-with-a-previous-malunited-fracture-implications-and-functional-outcome
#14
Beth Lineham, Paul Harwood, Peter Giannoudis
BACKGROUND: After amputation patients are more likely to injure their residual limb. An injury of a previously amputated limb, especially if the residuum is not anatomically normal, poses a dilemma for management. Case Description and Methods: This case report discusses a femoral fracture sustained proximal to a through-knee amputation. Findings and outcomes: The fracture was at the site of a malunited fracture. A shortening osteotomy with bone graft was undertaken to improve alignment and prosthetic fit and remove poor-quality bone...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093944/healing-efficacy-of-fracture-targeted-gsk3%C3%AE-inhibitor-loaded-micelles-for-improved-fracture-repair
#15
Stewart A Low, Chris V Galliford, Yava L Jones-Hall, Jyoti Roy, Jiyuan Yang, Philip S Low, Jindřich Kopeček
AIM: To evaluate the fracture healing capabilities of a GSK3β inhibitor, 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime, coupled with an aspartic acid octapeptide in a micellar delivery system. MATERIALS & METHODS: The efficacy of the intravenously administered micelles to accelerate healing of femoral fracture in mice was evaluated. Micro-computed tomography analysis was employed to obtain bone density, total volume, relative volume, trabecular thickness and trabecular spacing. RESULTS: Both fracture bone mineral density and volume were significantly higher in the micelle treatment groups when compared with controls...
January 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093824/excess-mortality-after-hip-fracture-in-elderly-persons-from-europe-and-the-usa-the-chances-project
#16
M Katsoulis, V Benetou, T Karapetyan, D Feskanich, F Grodstein, U Pettersson-Kymmer, S Eriksson, T Wilsgaard, L Jørgensen, L A Ahmed, B Schöttker, H Brenner, A Bellavia, A Wolk, R Kubinova, B Stegeman, M Bobak, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are associated with diminished quality of life and survival especially amongst the elderly. OBJECTIVE: All-cause mortality after hip fracture was investigated to assess its magnitude. METHODS: A total of 122 808 participants from eight cohorts in Europe and the USA were followed up for a mean of 12.6 years, accumulating 4273 incident hip fractures and 27 999 deaths. Incident hip fractures were assessed through telephone interviews/questionnaires or national inpatient/fracture registries, and causes of death were verified with death certificates...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093812/factors-predicting-incidence-of-post-operative-delirium-in-older-people-following-hip-fracture-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
T O Smith, A Cooper, G Peryer, R Griffiths, C Fox, J Cross
OBJECTIVE: Delirium is one of the most common complications following hip fracture surgery in older people. This study identified pre- and peri-operative factors associated with the development of post-operative delirium following hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Published and unpublished literature were searched to identify all evidence reporting variables on patient characteristics, on-admission, intra-operative and post-operative management assessing incident delirium in older people following hip fracture surgery...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093609/periprosthetic-fracture-around-a-stable-femoral-stem-treated-with-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-distal-femoral-locking-plate-alone-versus-with-cerclage-cable
#18
Young-Soo Shin, Seung-Beom Han
To promote rapid bone healing, an adequate stable fixation implant with a percutaneous reduction instrument should be used for Vancouver type B1 or C fractures. The objective of this study was to describe radiographic and clinical outcomes of patients with periprosthetic fracture (PPF) around a stable femoral stem, treated with a distal femoral locking plate alone or with a cerclage cable. A total of 21 patients with PPF amenable to either a reverse distal femoral locking plate (LCP DF(®)) alone or with a cerclage cable, with a mean age of 75...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093419/the-risk-of-fracture-among-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-and-psoriasis-a-population-based-study
#19
Alexis Ogdie, Lauren Harter, Daniel Shin, Joshua Baker, Junko Takeshita, Hyon K Choi, Thorvardur Jon Love, Joel M Gelfand
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of fracture and osteoporosis among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis, compared with the general population and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A population-based cohort study was performed in The Health Improvement Network in the UK using data from 1994 to 2014. Patients aged 18-89 years with PsA or psoriasis and up to five unexposed controls matched by practice and start date within that practice were included...
January 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093376/a-new-angle-and-its-relationship-with-early-fixation-failure-of-femoral-neck-fractures-treated-with-three-cannulated-compression-screws
#20
Yuelei Zhang, Wei Zhang, Changqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Pauwels angle has been used widely, however an accurate evaluation of this angle is difficult because of deformity of the affected lower extremity. Therefore we designed a new measurement of the orientation of femoral neck fracture and applied this in a retrospective study to assess: 1) its reproducibility, 2) its advantages compared with the Pauwels angle, 3) its relationship with the short-term prognosis treated with three cannulated compression screws. HYPOTHESIS: This new measurement is reproducible and has some reference meaning for the treatment of femoral neck fractures...
January 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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