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(Hip OR Femoral neck OR Pertrochanteric OR Intertrochanteric OR subtrochanteric OR femur OR femoral) AND fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449266/frailty-as-a-predictor-of-future-fracture-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Kuo-Wei Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Ling Lin
BACKGROUND: Studies have identified frailty as an effective predictor of fracture; however, the correlation between frailty and fracture differs between various stages of frailty. OBJECTIVES: The main aim is to determine the correlation between various stages of frailty and fracture risk; a secondary purpose is to determine the correlation between subgroups (e.g., females, females with a hip fracture, or aged 65 years or older) within the stages of frailty and fracture risk...
April 27, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448754/clinical-evaluation-of-cost-efficacy-of-drugs-for-treatment-of-osteoporosis-a-meta-analysis
#2
Stewart G Albert, Supraja Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost efficacy of available regimens for therapy of osteoporosis as defined as the cost time's number need to treat to prevent one fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Existing meta-analyses were supplemented through electronic databases SCOPUS and PubMED between 2013 (a date overlapping the latest meta-analyses) and March 2016. Primary references included all randomized controlled trials of anti-osteoporotic drugs versus comparators using search terms "osteoporosis", "random" and "trial"...
April 27, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448593/benzodiazepines-z-drugs-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Karen Donnelly, Robert Bracchi, Jonathan Hewitt, Philip A Routledge, Ben Carter
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the older person lead to an increased risk of mortality, poorer quality of life and increased morbidity. Benzodiazepine (BNZ) use is associated with increased hip fracture rate, consequently Z-drugs are fast becoming the physician's hypnotic prescription of choice yet data on their use is limited. We compared the risk of hip fracture associated with Z-drugs and BNZ medications, respectively, and examined if this risk varied with longer-term use. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448181/blood-pressure-control-with-cilnidipine-treatment-in-japanese-post-stroke-hypertensive-patients-the-ca-attend-study
#4
Shiro Aoki, Naohisa Hosomi, Tomohisa Nezu, Tsukasa Teshima, Hitoshi Sugii, Shinobu Nagahama, Yoshiki Kurose, Hirofumi Maruyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
Blood pressure control is important in post-stroke hypertensive patients and antihypertensive treatment is recommended for such patients. Ca-channel blockers are recommended as the medications of choice for the treatment of post-stroke patients. Here, we report the results of a large-scale prospective post-marketing surveillance study of post-stroke hypertensive patients (n = 2667, male 60.4%, 69.0 ± 10.9 years) treated with cilnidipine, with regard to blood pressure control and adverse reactions. Cilnidipine treatment caused a decrease in both clinic and home blood pressures 2 months after the beginning of treatment, and the decreased blood pressure was maintained until the end of 12 months' observation...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447742/bone-morphogenetic-protein-9-stimulates-callus-formation-in-osteoporotic-rats-during-fracture-healing
#5
Xing Wang, Jun Huang, Fan Huang, Jian-Chun Zong, Xi Tang, Yang Liu, Qiong-Fang Zhang, Yang Wang, Liang Chen, Liang-Jun Yin, Bai-Cheng He, Zhong-Liang Deng
Fracture healing involves the coordinated actions of multiple cytokines. Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) is an important factor in bone formation. The present study aimed to investigate the osteogenic potential of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) in response to adenoviral (Ad)BMP9, and the early fracture repair properties of AdBMP9 in surgically‑created fractures in osteoporotic rats. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assayed and matrix mineralization was examined by Alizarin Red S staining. mRNA and protein expression levels of BMP9, runt‑related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and type 1 collagen (COL‑1) were detected in vitro and in vivo...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447128/insufficiency-avulsion-fracture-of-the-femoral-attachment-of-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-of-the-knee-joint
#6
Omar M Albtoush, Marius Horger
Multiple ligaments are involved in avulsion injuries of the knee joint, including both anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments; however, avulsion injury of the posterior cruciate ligament is less frequently encountered than the anterior counterpart. Furthermore, avulsion of the femoral side of the posterior cruciate ligament is far less common than the tibial one.Femoral attachment avulsion fracture of the posterior cruciate ligaments has been reported in literature in adolescents, rarely in adulthood, and never before in elderly patients, showing an inverse relationship with advancement in patient age...
April 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447127/bone-adaptation-of-a-biologically-reconstructed-femur-after-ewing-sarcoma-long-term-morphological-and-densitometric-evolution
#7
Giordano Valente, Fulvia Taddei, Andrea Roncari, Enrico Schileo, Marco Manfrini
Combining bone allografts and vascularized fibular autografts in intercalary reconstructions after resection of bone sarcomas is of particular interest in young patients as it facilitates bone healing and union and helps reduce fractures. However, adverse events related to bone adaptation still occur. Bone adaptation is driven by mechanical loading, but no quantitative biomechanical studies exist that would help surgical planning and rehabilitation. We analyzed the bone adaptation of a successful femoral reconstruction after Ewing sarcoma during 76-month follow-up using a novel methodology that allows CT-based quantification of morphology and density...
April 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447106/defining-hip-fracture-with-claims-data-outpatient-and-provider-claims-matter
#8
S D Berry, A R Zullo, K McConeghy, Y Lee, L Daiello, D P Kiel
Medicare claims are commonly used to identify hip fractures, but there is no universally accepted definition. We found that a definition using inpatient claims identified fewer fractures than a definition including outpatient and provider claims. Few additional fractures were identified by including inconsistent diagnostic and procedural codes at contiguous sites. INTRODUCTION: Medicare claims data is commonly used in research studies to identify hip fractures, but there is no universally accepted definition of fracture...
April 26, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446184/results-of-167-consecutive-cases-of-acetabular-fractures-using-the-kocher-langenbeck-approach-a-case-series
#9
Lukas L Negrin, David Seligson
BACKGROUND: Acetabular fractures are quite challenging injuries for the orthopedic surgeon because of their low incidence and their deep and complex anatomy. The objective of this study was to evaluate surgeon-independent parameters that might influence radiographic outcome and early complication rates of high-energy acetabular fractures treated by open reduction and internal fixation via the Kocher-Langenbeck approach, the golden standard for posterior access. METHODS: One hundred sixty-seven consecutive patients (111 males and 56 females) with a mean age of 41...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445303/lifetime-and-recent-alcohol-use-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-hiv-infection-and-substance-dependence
#10
Alicia S Ventura, Michael R Winter, Timothy C Heeren, Meg M Sullivan, Alexander Y Walley, Michael F Holick, Gregory J Patts, Seville M Meli, Jeffrey H Samet, Richard Saitz
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is common in people living with HIV infection (PLWH), increasing fracture risk. Alcohol use is also common in PLWH and is a modifiable risk factor for both HIV disease progression and low BMD. In PLWH, alcohol's effect on BMD is not well understood.We studied adult PLWH with substance dependence. We measured lifetime alcohol use (kg) and recent (i.e., past 30-day) alcohol use (categorized as: abstinent, low risk, or high risk). In adjusted multivariable regression analyses, we tested associations between lifetime and recent alcohol use and (i) mean BMD (g/cm) at the femoral neck, total hip, and lumbar spine and (ii) low BMD diagnosis (i...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445186/the-hip-fracture-patient-on-warfarin-evaluating-blood-loss-and-time-to-surgery
#11
Matthew R Cohn, Ashley E Levack, Nikunj N Trivedi, Jordan C Villa, David S Wellman, John P Lyden, Dean G Lorich, Joseph M Lane
OBJECTIVES: To compare blood loss, delay of surgery, and short term adverse events in (1) patients admitted on warfarin versus non-anticoagulated controls and (2) warfarin patients with day of surgery (DOS) INR of 1.5 or greater versus below 1.5. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Academic level I trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty four patients treated surgically for hip fractures including patients presenting on warfarin (n=62) and matched controls (n=62)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444437/range-limitation-in-hip-internal-rotation-and-fifth-metatarsal-stress-fractures-jones-fracture-in-professional-football-players
#12
Yoshitomo Saita, Masashi Nagao, Takayuki Kawasaki, Yohei Kobayashi, Keiji Kobayashi, Hiroki Nakajima, Yuji Takazawa, Kazuo Kaneko, Hiroshi Ikeda
PURPOSE: To identify unknown risk factors associated with fifth metatarsal stress fracture (Jones fracture). METHODS: A case-controlled study was conducted among male Japanese professional football (soccer) players with (N = 20) and without (N = 40) a history of Jones fracture. Injury history and physical examination data were reviewed, and the two groups were compared. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression controlling for age, leg dominance and body mass index were used to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to describe the association between physical examination data and the presence or absence of Jones fractures...
April 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443571/numerical-optimization-of-the-position-in-femoral-head-of-proximal-locking-screws-of-proximal-femoral-nail-system-biomechanical-study
#13
Mehmet Nuri Konya, Özgür Verim
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture rates are increasing due to osteoporosis and traffic accident. Proximal femoral nails are routinely used in the treatment of these fractures on the proximal femur. AIMS: The present study aimed to compare various combination and to determine ideal proximal lag screw (PLS) position on the pertrochanteric fractures (AO classification 31-A1) of femur by using optimised finite element analysis. STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical Study...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443189/intraoperative-dislocation-of-the-trial-bipolar-cup-into-the-pelvis-during-bipolar-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#14
Takahito Miyake, Akio Kanda, Itaru Morohashi, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hip arthroplasty is a good option for treating femoral neck fractures, although some contraindications have been indicated. We report a case of intraoperative dislocation of the trial bipolar cup into the pelvis during bipolar hip arthroplasty. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman underwent bipolar hip arthroplasty for a femoral neck fracture (AO31-B2). She was placed in a lateral decubitus position, and a direct lateral approach was used...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442913/fracture-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-possible-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ardeshir Moayeri, Mahmoud Mohamadpour, Seyedeh Fatemeh Mousavi, Ehsan Shirzadpour, Safoura Mohamadpour, Mansour Amraei
AIM: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have an increased risk of bone fractures. A variable increase in fracture risk has been reported depending on skeletal site, diabetes duration, study design, insulin use, and so on. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between T2DM with fracture risk and possible risk factors. METHODS: Different databases including PubMed, Institute for Scientific Information, and Scopus were searched up to May 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442600/effect-of-rivaroxaban-on-preventing-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-aged-diabetics-with-femoral-neck-fractures-after-hip-replacement
#16
Yi-Min Zhang, Xin Jiang, Yan-Shan Sun
This study estimates the effect of rivaroxaban on preventing deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures after hip replacement. Our study was composed of 236 aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures, which were divided into the rivaroxaban and control groups. Reaction time (R time), clot formation time (K time), alpha angle (α), maximum amplitude (MA), clot elasticity (G) and coagulation index (CI), prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were measured...
April 25, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442297/vertebral-and-femoral-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-strength-in-prostate-cancer-patients-assessed-in-phantomless-pet-ct-examinations
#17
Benedikt J Schwaiger, David L Kopperdahl, Lorenzo Nardo, Luca Facchetti, Alexandra S Gersing, Jan Neumann, Kwang J Lee, Tony M Keaveny, Thomas M Link
PURPOSE: Bone fracture risk assessed ancillary to positron emission tomography with computed tomography co-registration (PET/CT) could provide substantial clinical value to oncology patients with elevated fracture risk without introducing additional radiation dose. The purpose of our study was to investigate the feasibility of obtaining valid measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) and finite element analysis-derived bone strength of the hip and spine using PET/CT examinations of prostate cancer patients by comparing against values obtained using routine multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) scans-as validated in previous studies-as a reference standard...
April 22, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442206/change-the-habit-to-change-the-practice-do-audits-really-ever-change-anything
#18
D Bodansky, Y Oskrochi, G Judah, M Lewis, B Fischer, B Narayan
INTRODUCTION: Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) eradication by nurses and pre-op induction antibiotics are mandated for emergency surgery, where true status is unknown. We assessed adherence to local MRSA guidelines for patients undergoing emergency hip fracture surgery and employed point of decision prompts to influence clinicians' behaviour. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective record review for all patients undergoing emergency hip fracture surgery at a UK major trauma centre over 3-months...
April 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442203/patterns-of-health-care-use-of-injured-adults-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#19
Rebecca J Mitchell, Cate M Cameron, Rod McClure
BACKGROUND: Healthcare use by traumatically injured individuals prior to and subsequent to their injury are not often explored for different types of injuries. This study aims to describe health care use 12 months preceding and 12 months following a traumatic injury by injury type and injury severity. METHOD: Hospital and mortality data from three Australian states were linked in a population-based matched cohort study. Individuals ≥18 years who had an injury-related hospital admission in 2009 were identified as the injured cohort...
April 14, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440540/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#20
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
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