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CAM therapies

Cong Ming-Hua, Zou Bao-Hua, Yu Lei
Anorexia cancer cachexia syndrome is prevalent in advanced cancer patients, which is featured by anorexia, decreased dietary intake, body weight loss (skeletal muscle mass loss), and unable to be reversed by routine nutritional support therapy. Up to now, the main mechanisms involved in cancer cachexia include excessive systemic inflammation, which is represented by increased plasma levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha, tumor-induced factors, such as PIF and LMF. These factors eventually act on orexigenic and anorexigenic neurons located in hypothalamus or protein and lipid metabolism of peripheral tissues, which lead to anorexia, decreased dietary intake, enhanced basic metabolism rate and hyper catabolism...
October 18, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Hamid Reza Bahrami, Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Roshanak Salari, Mohammadreza Noras
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic digestive disorder, which is characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea and constipation periods. The etiology is unknown. Based on the different mechanisms in the etiology, treatment focuses on controlling symptoms. Due to the longtime of syndrome, inadequacy of current treatments, financial burden for patients and pharmacologic effects, several patients have turned to the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Complementary and alternative treatments for IBS include hypnosis, acupuncture, cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, and herbal medicine...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Henit Yanai, Nir Salomon, Adi Lahat
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) often take a chronic debilitating course. Given the chronicity of IBD, the limitations of the available medications, their potential side effects, and the impact of the disease on patients' quality of life, it is not surprising IBD patients are ranked among the highest users of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Since CAM has become very popular in real-life practice of Western Communities, caregivers must gain more knowledge about these therapies, their mechanism of action, benefits, and risks...
December 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Raja A H Kuchay
Administration of chemotherapy often leads to gastrointestinal mucositis (GIM). GIM manifests as nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhoea in recipients of chemotherapy. GIM is a major complication occurring in approximately 80% of patients receiving 5-flurouracil treatment. These side-effects may become so severe that significant dose reductions are required, ultimately affecting treatment efficacy and patient survival. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a growing area of public interest. This review will provide an overview of current knowledge of complementary medicinal therapies for chemotherapy induced GIM...
October 17, 2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Adam S Cheifetz, Robert Gianotti, Raphael Luber, Peter R Gibson
Patients and physicians often have many questions regarding the role of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), or non-allopathic therapies, for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). CAMs of various forms are used by more than half of patients with IBD during some point in their disease course. We summarize the available evidence for the most commonly used and discussed CAMs. We discuss evidence for the effects of herbs (such as cannabis and curcumin), probiotics, acupuncture, exercise, and mind-body therapy...
October 12, 2016: Gastroenterology
Serena Stigliano, Livia Archibugi, Giulia Zerboni, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Gabriele Capurso
BACKGROUND: Herbal remedies and other complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are used by 30% of the patients with liver and inflammatory bowel diseases. However, there are no data regarding CAM use in patients with pancreatic disorders, including potential pancreatotoxicity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of CAM use in patients with pancreatic disorders and screen for pancreatotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of consecutive outpatients seen at a Pancreas Center...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Kristina M Brooks, Jomy M George, Parag Kumar
Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) and over-the-counter (OTC) medications are very common among HIV-infected patients. These products can cause clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with antiretroviral (ARV) medications, thereby increasing risk for negative outcomes such as toxicity or loss of virologic control. Areas Covered: This article provides an updated review of the different mechanisms by which CAM and OTC products are implicated in DDIs with ARV medications. Expert Commentary: Much of the literature published to date involves studies of CAMs interacting with older ARV agents via the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) system...
October 7, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Maziar Montazerian, Edgar Dutra Zanotto
The global market for dental materials is predicted to exceed 10 billion dollars by 2020. The main drivers for this growth are easing the workflow of dentists and increasing the comfort of patients. Therefore, remarkable research projects have been conducted and are currently underway to develop improved or new dental materials with enhanced properties or that can be processed using advanced technologies, such as CAD/CAM or 3D printing. Among these materials, zirconia, glass or polymer-infiltrated ceramics, and glass-ceramics (GCs) are of great importance...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Casey O'Connor, Yvonne Braun, Sjoerd P F T Nota, Timothy Baloda, David Ring
Background: Variation in pain intensity and magnitude of disability among patients with musculoskeletal illness is largely accounted for by variations in symptoms of depression, catastrophic thinking, and heightened illness concern. It is possible that patients with greater stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies might be more likely to seek the use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA). This study addressed the primary null hypothesis that there are no demographic, illness-related, or psychological factors associated with CHA use among patients with upper extremity illness...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Ekta Gupta, Linda A Lee
Chronic nausea and vomiting, whether or not associated with gastroparesis, are among the most difficult symptoms to manage. Patients typically undergo extensive evaluation and empiric treatment often with suboptimal results. Conventional therapies may not produce adequate symptom relief or may cause unacceptable side effects. Thus, it is not surprising that patients report a negative impact on well-being, since the intermittent or constant occurrence of these symptoms are a source of anxiety as they impact social interactions and ability to work...
October 1, 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Aaron L Leppin, Cara Fernandez, Jon C Tilburt
CONTEXT: Treatment of pain in cancer is a clinical priority. Many cancer patients seek and use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. OBJECTIVES: To describe the role CAM plays in oncology clinicians' approaches to pain management and its alignment with patient preference and self-care. METHODS: We used quantitative criteria to identify patients with high, self-reported pain and reduced quality of life. For these patients, we merged quantitative and qualitative data from encounter audio recordings, patient surveys, and the medical record...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Gulis Kavadar, Demet Tekdos Demircioğlu, Halil Can, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Erdinç Civelek, Abdulhalim Senyigit
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with perceived benefit from CAM methods in back problems. METHODS: The study was conducted on patients who practiced any CAM methods due to complaints of back pain. Social-demographic properties, details of CAM methods employed were questioned. Severity of pain was measured by visual analog scale (VAS); benefits were evaluated by the Likert scale...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hisatsugu Noda, Seiji Noguchi, Takashi Yoshimine, Shigeki Goji, Kazunori Adachi, Yasuhiro Tamura, Shinya Izawa, Masahide Ebi, Sayuri Yamamoto, Naotaka Ogasawara, Yasushi Funaki, Makoto Sasaki, Kunio Kasugai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In Japan, 7-day triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori including clarithromycin (CAM) was approved in 2000. However, antibiotic resistance subsequently reduced this rate to an unacceptable level (70%). Vonoprazan, an orally bioavailable potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB), was approved in Japan in 2014. This could improve eradication rates by increasing the intragastric pH, thus increasing bacterial antibiotic susceptibility. This study compared the efficacy of 7-day triple therapies that included CAM and vonoprazan or proton pump inhibitor (PPI)...
September 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Alice Running, Mark Greenwood, Laura Hildreth, Jade Schmidt
As many as 80% of the 296,000 women and 2,240 men diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States will seek out complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments. One such therapy is Healing Touch (HT), recognized by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) as a treatment modality. Using a multiple experimental groups design, fifty-six six- to eight-week-old Balb/c mice were injected with 4T1 breast cancer tumor cells and randomly divided into intervention and positive control groups...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Louis V DeFazio, Guido A LaPorta
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Calcaneal fractures are a serious injury with significant associated morbidity. Bilateral calcaneal fractures complicate issues even further, due to the physical disability that the patient is left with. One of the major issues with any calcaneal fracture is the risk of soft tissue compromise caused by the traumatic nature of the injury. A percutaneous approach allows the soft tissue envelope to remain viable, while still fixating the fractures. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight the use of percutaneous repair, the role of external fixation in calcaneal fractures, and lastly discuss the outcome for this particular patient...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
T Saller, V V Dossow, K Hofmann-Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common complication in critical care. The syndrome is often underestimated due to its potentially no less dangerous course as a hypoactive delirium. Therefore, current guidelines ask for a structured, regular and routine screening in all intensive care units. If delirium is diagnosed, symptomatic therapy should be initiated promptly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to evaluate recent German anesthetists' strategies regarding delirium care compared to the German guidelines for sedation and delirium in intensive care...
October 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Veronika Huntosova, Emmanuel Gerelli, Matthieu Zellweger, Georges Wagnières
The measurement of Protoporphyrin IX delayed fluorescence lifetime is a minimally invasive method for monitoring the levels of oxygen in cells and tissues. The excitation of Protoporphyrin IX during this measurement can lead to the formation of photoproducts in vitro and in vivo. The influence of their luminescence on the measured Protoporphyrin IX delayed fluorescence lifetimes was studied in solution and in vivo on the Chick's chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model under various oxygen enriched air conditions (0mmHg, 37mmHg and 155mmHg)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Irene A Kretchy, Harry A Okere, Joseph Osafo, Barima Afrane, Joseph Sarkodie, Philip Debrah
OBJECTIVE: Integrative medicine refers to ongoing efforts to combine the best of conventional and evidence-based complementary therapies. While this effort for collaboration is increasing, traditional complementary and alternative medicine (TM-CAM) remains poorly integrated into the current healthcare system of Ghana. At present, it is not clear if practitioners of mainstream medicine favor integrative medicine. The present study, therefore, sought to explore the perceptions of conventional healthcare professionals on integrative medicine...
September 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Natalie E Kelso-Chichetto, Chukwuemeka N Okafor, Jeffrey S Harman, Shantrel S Canidate, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and to assess the relationships between CAM use and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA viral load suppression among a sample of persons living with HIV (PLWH) engaged in care in the state of Florida. DESIGN: The Florida Medical Monitoring Project (n = 803) collected repeated cross-sectional data for surveillance of clinical outcomes among PLWH from 2009 to 2010...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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