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Berberis microphylla

Loreto Manosalva, Ana Mutis, Alejandro Urzúa, Victor Fajardo, Andrés Quiroz
Berberis microphylla is a native plant that grows in Patagonia and is commonly used by aboriginal ethnic groups in traditional medicine as an antiseptic for different diseases. The present study evaluated the antibacterial and synergistic activity of alkaloid extracts of B. microphylla leaves, stems and roots used either individually or in combination with antibiotics against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The in vitro antibacterial activities of leaf, stem and root alkaloid extracts had significant activity only against Gram-positive bacteria...
January 11, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Dan Liang, Bin Wang, Yun-qi Wang, Hui-lan Zhang, Song-nan Yang, Ang Li
Four typical types of green shrubs of Beijing (Euonymus japonicus, Buxus microphylla, Berberis thunbergii cv. atropurpurea, Taxus cuspidate cv. nana) were selected to study their capacities in adsorbing and arresting PM2.5 using both field observations and air chamber simulations. Concurrently, in order to analyze the pollution characteristics of Beijing in winter and spring, the PM2.5 concentrations of December 2012 to May 2013 were collected. Experimental results showed that: From the gas chamber experiments, the ability to adsorb and arrest PM2...
September 2014: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Antonieta Ruiz, Moises Zapata, Constanza Sabando, Luis Bustamante, Dietrich von Baer, Carola Vergara, Claudia Mardones
There are 20 species of the Berberidaceae family described in Chile, whose fruits are edible and show high anthocyanin and hydroxycinnamic acid levels. Berberis microphylla G. Forst, commonly known as calafate, is the most extensively distributed. Flavonols and alkaloids in seed, pulp, skin, and whole calafate berry extracts and other Berberis were studied using HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS and HPLC with fluorescence detector. Berry samples from different locations in Chilean Patagonia, including different phenological stages, were systematically addressed...
December 24, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Marjorie Reyes-Farias, Karla Vasquez, Angelica Ovalle-Marin, Francisco Fuentes, Claudia Parra, Vilma Quitral, Paula Jimenez, Diego F Garcia-Diaz
Obesity is characterized by an increase in the infiltration of monocytes into the adipose tissue, causing an inflammatory condition associated with, for example, the development of insulin resistance. Thus, anti-inflammatory-based treatments could emerge as a novel and interesting approach. It has been reported that Chilean native fruits maqui (Aristotelia chilensis) and calafate (Berberis microphylla) present high contents of polyphenols, which are known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
May 2015: Journal of Medicinal Food
Benjamín Varas, María H Castro, Roberto Rodriguez, Dietrich von Baer, Claudia Mardones, Patricio Hinrichsen
UNLABELLED:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Southern barberry or calafate (Berberis microphylla) is a shrub species endemic to the Patagonian region of South America that is used for human consumption. The fruit is very rich in vitamin C and anthocyanins and has a very high antioxidant capacity. There have been only a few genetic studies of this and other closely related species. • METHODS AND RESULTS: Here we present the first 18 microsatellite markers of B...
July 2013: Applications in Plant Sciences
Antonieta Ruiz, Claudia Mardones, Carola Vergara, Dietrich von Baer, Sergio Gómez-Alonso, M Victoria Gómez, Isidro Hermosín-Gutiérrez
Calafate (Berberis microphylla G. Forst) is an edible wild berry growing in South Patagonia that is very rich in anthocyanins and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. Calafate contains unusual phenolic compounds compared to other berries, such as anthocyanidin dihexosides, different from the common 3,5-diglucosides, and isomeric esters of caffeic acid with hexaric acids. After isolation, their structures have been elucidated by UV-vis, MS/MS, and NMR spectroscopies. The anthocyanidin dihexosides constitute the complete series of 3,7-β-O-diglucosides of the five anthocyanidins usually found in calafate, the structures of which were completely elucidated in the cases of delphinidin, petunidin, and malvidin derivatives and tentatively suggested in the cases of cyanidin and peonidin, and their occurrence seems to be characteristic of calafate among other wild berries from South Patagonia...
July 23, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Niusha Sharifi, Effat Souri, Seyed Ali Ziai, Gholamreza Amin, Massoud Amanlou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors plays a critical role in treating hypertension. The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate ACE inhibition activity of 50 Iranian medicinal plants using an in vitro assay. METHODS: The ACE activity was evaluated by determining the hydrolysis rate of substrate, hippuryl-L-histidyl-L-leucine (HHL), using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetric method and DPPH radical scavenging assay respectively...
2013: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Orlando M Muñoz, Juan D Maya, Jorge Ferreira, Philippe Christen, José San Martin, Rodrigo López-Muñoz, Antonio Morello, Ulrike Kemmerling
The extracts of several plants of Central Chile exhibited anti-Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes activity. Most active extracts were those obtained from Podanthus ovatifolius, Berberis microphylla, Kageneckia oblonga, and Drimys winteri. The active extract of Drimys winteri (IC50 51.2 microg/mL) was purified and three drimane sesquiterpenes were obtained: polygodial, drimenol, and isodrimenin. Isodrimenin and drimenol were found to be active against the trypomastigote form of T. cruzi with IC50 values of 27...
May 2013: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Patricia A Iogna, Sandra J Bucci, Fabián G Scholz, Guillermo Goldstein
Phenotypic plasticity in morphophysiological leaf traits in response to wind was studied in two dominant shrub species of the Patagonian steppe, used as model systems for understanding effects of high wind speed on leaf water relations and hydraulic properties of small woody plants. Morpho-anatomical traits, hydraulic conductance and conductivity and water relations in leaves of wind-exposed and protected crown sides were examined during the summer with nearly continuous high winds. Although exposed sides of the crowns were subjected to higher wind speeds and air saturation deficits than the protected sides, leaves throughout the crown had similar minimum leaf water potential (ΨL)...
November 2013: Oecologia
Antonieta Ruiz, Claudia Mardones, Carola Vergara, Isidro Hermosín-Gutiérrez, Dietrich von Baer, Patricio Hinrichsen, Roberto Rodriguez, Diego Arribillaga, Erwin Dominguez
Calafate (Berberis microphylla G. Forst) is a Patagonian barberry very rich in anthocyanins and one of the fruits with the highest levels of these polyphenols. Other phenolic compounds have also been described in calafate berries. However, to the best of our knowledge there is no available information on hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. The complexity of hydroxycinnamic acids determination in calafate berries, due to their structure similarities and the interference of high anthocyanin concentration is addressed by means of solid liquid extraction, followed by solid phase extraction clean-up on MCX columns and HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS...
March 15, 2013: Journal of Chromatography. A
Antonieta Ruiz, Isidro Hermosín-Gutiérrez, Claudia Mardones, Carola Vergara, Erika Herlitz, Mario Vega, Carolin Dorau, Peter Winterhalter, Dietrich von Baer
Calafate ( Berberis microphylla ) is a native berry grown in the Patagonian area of Chile and Argentina. In the present study the phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of its fruits were studied and also compared with data obtained for other berry fruits from southern Chile including maqui ( Aristotelia chilensis ) and murtilla ( Ugni molinae ). Polyphenolic compounds in calafate fruit were essentially present in glycosylated form, 3-glucoside conjugates being the most abundant anthocyanins. The anthocyanin content in calafate berries (17...
May 26, 2010: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
María A Damascos, Maria Arribere, Maya Svriz, Donaldo Bran
The fruit mineral contents (K, Ca, Ba, Br, Zn, Co, Cr, Fe, Na, Rb, Cs, and Sr) of four native and two exotic naturalized shrubs growing in different areas of the Andean Patagonian region of Argentina were investigated. Native species Berberis darwinii, Berberis microphylla (Berberidaceae), Aristotelia chilensis (Elaeocarpaceae) and Ribes magellanicum (Saxifragaceae) produce small berries while the fruits of the exotic species Rosa rubiginosa and Rosa canina (Rosaceae) are aggregates of aquenes. They are used to prepare jams, tea, liquors, and ice creams...
October 2008: Biological Trace Element Research
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