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gender differences in depression

Joachim Bretz, Dilek Sahin, Eva Janina Brandl, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
AIM: The present study compares the attitude towards psychotherapy of persons living in Germany with or without Turkish background. In this context, gender-related, disorder-specific and sociodemographic differences in openness towards psychotherapy are taken into account. METHODS: Individuals of Turkish origin (n=129) and individuals without migration background (n=129) were interviewed with the Questionnaire on Attitudes towards Psychotherapeutic Treatment, the Social Support Questionnaire, a short version of the Symptom-Checklist with the subscales anxiety, depression and somatization, and a sociodemographic questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
María Fernanda Castilla-Peón
Transgender or gender nonconforming (GN) persons identify themselves with a gender which is different from that correspondent to their birth sex. The demand for health services by families with transgender children or adolescents tends to increase. The prevalence of GN in children is unknown; however, it has been estimated to be > 1% in adolescents. Transgender persons are at increased risk of depression, suicide, illicit drug abuse, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and non-accidental injury. The most accepted model for the care of transgender persons assumes that these adverse outcomes are the consequence of social margination rather than the GI condition itself...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
Hilal Yesil, Simin Hepguler, Umit Dundar, Sahel Taravati, Banu Isleten
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or interferential current (IFC) increase the effectiveness of neck stabilization exercises on pain, disability, mood, and quality of life for chronic neck pain (CNP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system...
April 12, 2018: Spine
Yuying Sun, Jette Möller, Andreas Lundin, Samuel Y S Wong, Benjamin H K Yip, Yvonne Forsell
PURPOSE: To identify how severity of depression predicts future utilization of psychiatric care and antidepressants. METHODS: Data derived from a longitudinal population-based study in Stockholm, Sweden, include 10443 participants aged 20-64 years. Depression was assessed by Major Depression Inventory and divided into subsyndromal, mild, moderate and severe depression. Outcomes were the first time of hospitalization, specialized outpatient care and prescribed drugs obtained from national register records...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yilmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Berhan Bayram, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and depression with pediatric extremity fractures. METHODS: Between November 2014 and November 2016, consecutive 138 patients with pediatric extremity fractures were prospectively investigated in terms of the tendency to anxiety, depression, or ADHD in the study group. Consecutive 168 non-trauma patients who were admitted to general pediatrics outpatient clinic were included the control group...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Sanisah Saidi, Siti Nur Iliani Jaafar, Azlina Daud, Ramli Musa, Nik Noor Fatnoon Nik Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between levels of depression symptoms and age, thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, and stressful life events of the participants. METHOD: Patients above 18 years old, with any thyroid disorders, and without psychiatric disorders were included in this study. All participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21). The depression symptom score was calculated and interpreted as follows: less than 9: no depression; between 10 and 13: mild depression; between 14 and 20: moderate depression; between 21 and 27: severe depression, and more than 28: extremely severe depression...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Rémi Pacot, Basma Garmit, Marianne Pradem, Mathieu Nacher, Paul Brousse
BACKGROUND: Suicide within the Amerindian community of Camopi (1741 inhabitants) in French Guiana has been an increasing problem widely reported in the media leading the French Government to mandate a parliamentary mission to investigate the matter. The purpose of the study was to describe this phenomenon and identify factors associated with suicide attempts. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted from the health centers' medical records. All suicide attempts and suicides committed between 2008 and 2015 by Amerindians living in Camopi and Trois Sauts were compiled...
April 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Leigh E Ridings, Lana O Beasley, Som Bohora, Hannah C Espeleta, Jane F Silovsky
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health concern found across genders, socioeconomic strata, cultures, and ethnicities. While IPV is traditionally examined from either the victim or initiator role, it is also important to consider relationships in which both partners experience and demonstrate violence. The current study examined the relation between IPV chronicity and depression among 403 female caregivers with young children. Specifically, the current study examined the association between bidirectional IPV and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Aleksandar Višnjić, Vladica Veličković, Dušan Sokolović, Miodrag Stanković, Kristijan Mijatović, Miodrag Stojanović, Zoran Milošević, Olivera Radulović
Objectives : There is insufficient evidence regarding the potential risk of mobile phone use on mental health. Therefore, the aim of this research was to examine the relationship between mobile phone use and mental health by measuring the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress among university students in Serbia and Italy. Methods : This cross-sectional study was carried out at two distinguished universities in Serbia and Italy from March to May of the 2015/2016 academic year and included 785 students of both genders...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ricardo Sanmartín, María Vicent, Carolina Gonzálvez, Cándido J Inglés, Ángela Díaz-Herrero, Lucía Granados, José M García-Fernández
The distinction in recent years between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) is becoming increasingly important due to their relationship with depression and anxiety. This work is composed of two studies. The first study aimed to validate the brief version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children-Short Form (PANAS-C-SF) in a Spanish child sample. The second study sought to check the existence of four affective profiles: self-fulfilling (high PA and low NA), low affective (low PA and NA), high affective (high PA and NA), and self-destructive (low PA and high NA) and to relate them to optimism and pessimism...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Mari Archer, Onni Niemelä, Mari Hämäläinen, Eeva Moilanen, Esa Leinonen, Olli Kampman
Patients with depression and alcohol use disorder frequently present with elevated markers of inflammation. Adipose tissue may function as a source for inflammation, yet the interplay between adiposity, alcohol use and depression has remained unknown. We examined 242 patients, referred to treatment for depressive symptoms, and followed for a period of 6 months. The assessments included screening for alcohol use and measurements of body mass index, serum adiponectin, leptin, resistin, progranulin, hs-CRP, IL-6 and MCP-1 at baseline and after 6 months of treatment...
March 28, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Ana Munjiza, Milutin Kostic, Danilo Pesic, Milan Gajic, Ivanka Markovic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski
Little is known about the correlation between IL-6 and childhood abuse and neglect which may be risk factors for the development of affective disorders in adulthood. The aim of this study was to analyze differences in serum concentrations of IL-6 between patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls, and to investigate possible correlations with adverse childhood experiences. Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained from 64 patients who fulfilled DSM-IV-R criteria for a current major depressive episode without psychotic symptoms (MDD) and 53 healthy controls, matched for age and gender...
March 28, 2018: Psychiatry Research
George C Balazs, Michael A Donohue, Alaina M Brelin, Daniel I Brooks, Michael P McCabe, Terrence D Anderson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients diagnosed with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have prolonged braking times compared with age- and gender-matched controls and how long after surgery braking times return to preoperative baseline. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI and 59 age- and gender-matched controls without FAI were enrolled in a prospective comparative study between September 2015 and October 2016...
April 3, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Caroline Maness, Prabhjyot Saini, Donald L Bliwise, Victoria Olvera, David B Rye, Lynn M Trotti
Symptoms of the central disorders of hypersomnolence extend beyond excessive daytime sleepiness to include non-restorative sleep, fatigue and cognitive dysfunction. They share much in common with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, recently renamed systemic exertion intolerance disease, whose additional features include post-exertional malaise and orthostatic intolerance. We sought to determine the frequency and correlates of systemic exertion intolerance disease in a hypersomnolent population...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Hasan Zare Khormizi, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad, Michael A Nitsche, Vahid Nejati
Negative effects of sleep deprivation on different types of memory are well documented, but the specific effects on autobiographical memory performance are not well studied. In this study, we investigated performance on the autobiographical memory test in a group of sleep-deprived and well-rested nurses. One-hundred participants divided into sleep-deprived (N = 50, 25 females) and well-rested (N = 50, 25 females) groups took part in the study. The sleep-deprived group included night-shift nurses with 8-12 hr sleep deprivation, while the well-rested group had the usual night sleep before performance assessment...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Maxwell T Vergo, Briane M Pinkson, Kathleen Broglio, Zhongze Li, Tor D Tosteson
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing demand for and use of alternative and complementary therapies, such as reiki and massage therapy, in hospital-based settings. Most controlled studies and practice-based reports include oncology and surgical patient populations; thus the effect in a more heterogeneous hospitalized patient population is hard to estimate. We examined the immediate symptom relief from a single reiki or massage session in a hospitalized population at a rural academic medical center...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Stephen T Russell, Amanda M Pollitt, Gu Li, Arnold H Grossman
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the relation between chosen name use, as a proxy for youths' gender affirmation in various contexts, and mental health among transgender youth. METHODS: Data come from a community cohort sample of 129 transgender and gender nonconforming youth from three U.S. cities. We assessed chosen name use across multiple contexts and examined its association with depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal behavior. RESULTS: After adjusting for personal characteristics and social support, chosen name use in more contexts was associated with lower depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal behavior...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Sandrine Duron, Henri Panjo, Aline Bohet, Christine Bigaillon, Sébastien Sicard, Nathalie Bajos, Jean-Baptiste Meynard, Audrey Mérens, Caroline Moreau
INTRODUCTION: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) have always represented a public health concern in the military, yet most studies rely on self-reports among non-random samples of military populations. In addition, most of the studies exploring STI rates among the military focus on US service members. This paper assesses the prevalence and correlates of STIs in the French military using biomarkers and compares self-reported versus diagnosed STIs. METHODS: Data are drawn from the COSEMIL study, a national sexual health survey conducted in the French military in 2014 and 2015...
2018: PloS One
Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Birgit Köhler, Anna Nordenström, Robert Roehle, Ute Thyen, Claire Bouvattier, Annelou L C de Vries, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis
BACKGROUND: Information on the psychosexual outcome of individuals with disorders of sex development (DSDs) and intersex conditions is of great importance for sex assignment at birth of newborns with DSD. AIM: To assess gender change and gender dysphoria in a large sample of individuals with different DSDs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 European centers with 1,040 participants (717 female-identifying and 311 male-identifying persons and 12 persons identifying with another gender) with different forms of DSD...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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