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gender differences in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052118/challenging-conventions-of-bullying-thresholds-exploring-differences-between-low-and-high-levels-of-bully-only-victim-only-and-bully-victim-roles
#1
Jeremy T Goldbach, Paul R Sterzing, Marla J Stuart
Using a commonly accepted threshold of 2 to 3 times per month as a marker of bullying-involvement from noninvolvement, approximately 30% of U.S. students report being a bully, victim, or both. Although variation in the frequency of involvement exists, infrequent engagement (less than 2 to 3 times a month) is generally considered noninvolved. However, the question remains: Do these differences have implications for behavioral health patterns, including substance use, depression and school connectedness? The present study used a district-wide random cluster sample of 66 middle and high schools in a mid-size city...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049938/dietary-patterns-in-french-home-living-older-adults-results-from-the-prause-study
#2
C Ferrand, C Féart, G Martinent, C Albinet, N André, M Audiffren
The aim of the present study was to provide descriptive dietary patterns of home-living older adults, and to examine their association with sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, and health and psychological factors. Dietary patterns were analyzed using separately cluster analysis for men (N=151,Mage=72.72, SD=8.80, range=56-97) and women (N=251, Mage=76.74, SD=9.95, range=55-97) in 402 older adults aged 55 years and over. Cluster analyses showed four distinct dietary profiles for each gender. In older men, the four distinct dietary clusters were associated with any differences in sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, cognitive function, and health and psychological factors...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046648/the-relationships-among-tryptophan-kynurenine-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-depression-and-neuropsychological-performance
#3
Knut A Hestad, Knut Engedal, Jon E Whist, Per G Farup
It has been suggested that the metabolic enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a biological mediator of inflammation related to the psychopathology of depression, with a Kynurenine (KYN) increase in the Tryptophan (TRP) metabolic pathway, resulting in reduced Serotonin. In this study, we examined KYN, TRP, and the ratio of KYN to TRP concentrations × 10(3) (KT Ratio) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in (a) a group of depressed patients and (b) a control group of patients referred to a neurologic outpatient clinic for whom no specific diagnosis could be established...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039832/-gender-peculiarities-of-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-a-population-with-symptoms-of-depression-in-siberia-the-who-monica-psychosocial-program
#4
V V Gafarov, E A Gromova, I V Gagulin, D O Panov, A V Gafarova
AIM: To identify gender differences in the prevalence of depression in an open population of individuals aged 25-64 years and to evaluate its impact on the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the population of Siberia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A random representative sample of a 25-64-year-old Novosibirsk population (657 men and 689 women) was surveyed within the framework of the third screening of the WHO MONICA-psychosocial program in 1994. The screening program included sociodemographic data registration and depression detection...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039283/effects-of-between-person-differences-and-within-person-changes-in-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-older-age-cognitive-performance
#5
E J Laukka, D Dykiert, M Allerhand, J M Starr, I J Deary
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are both important correlates of cognitive function. However, longitudinal studies investigating how they covary with cognition within the same individual are scarce. We aimed to simultaneously estimate associations of between-person differences and within-person variability in anxiety and depression with cognitive performance in a sample of non-demented older people. METHODS: Participants in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 study, a population-based narrow-age sample (mean age at wave 1 = 79 years, n = 535), were examined on five occasions across 13 years...
October 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037073/physical-inactivity-and-cognitive-impairment-in-korean-older-adults-gender-differences-in-potential-covariates
#6
Youngyun Jin, Jinkyung Cho, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong, Donghyun Kim, Soohyun Park, Hyunsik Kang
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one major lifestyle risk factor of mild cognitive impairment with ageing. AIM: To investigate whether or not potential covariates modulate the association between physical activity (PA) and cognitive impairment in older adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 10 245 Korean older adults (5 817 women) were used. RESULTS: High PA older adults were younger and longer educated and had lower comorbidity and depression than low PA older adults...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035330/whites-but-not-blacks-gain-life-expectancy-from-social-contacts
#7
Shervin Assari
Background. Recent research suggests that the health gain from economic resources and psychological assets may be systematically larger for Whites than Blacks. Aim. This study aimed to assess whether the life expectancy gain associated with social contacts over a long follow up differs for Blacks and Whites. Methods. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. The sample was a nationally representative sample of American adults 25 and older, who were followed for up to 25 years (n = 3361)...
October 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034720/investigating-the-neuroanatomical-substrate-of-pathological-laughing-and-crying-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-with-multimodal-neuroimaging-techniques
#8
Foteini Christidi, Efstratios Karavasilis, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Sophia Xirou, Georgios Velonakis, Michalis Rentzos, Vasiliki Zouvelou, Ioannis Zalonis, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Nikolaos Kelekis, Ioannis Evdokimidis
OBJECTIVE: Pathological laughing and crying (PLC) is common in several neurological and psychiatric diseases and is associated with a distributed network involving the frontal cortex, the brainstem and cortico-pontine-cerebellar circuits. By applying multimodal neuroimaging approach, we examined the neuroanatomical substrate of PLC in a sample of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We studied 56 non-demented ALS patients and 25 healthy controls (HC)...
October 15, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033974/cognitive-deficits-in-chronic-stroke-patients-neuropsychological-assessment-depression-and-self-reports
#9
Arne E Nakling, Dag Aarsland, Halvor Næss, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Tormod Fladby, Håkon Hofstad, Eike Wehling
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, clinicians are challenged to detect and untangle symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and mood disorders. Additionally, they need to evaluate the informative value of self-reports to identify patients in need of further attendance. AIMS: To examine the association between neuropsychological measures, symptoms of depression, and self-reported cognitive function. METHODS: One-hundred and five chronic stroke patients underwent assessment covering 6 cognitive domains and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memory and Thinking Scale from the Stroke Impact Scale 1 year after stroke...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031785/prior-mental-disorders-and-subsequent-onset-of-chronic-back-or-neck-pain-findings-from-19-countries
#10
Maria Carmen Viana, Carmen C W Lim, Flavia Garcia Pereira, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Ronny Bruffaerts, Peter de Jonge, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Siobhan O'Neill, Dan J Stein, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Graça Cardoso, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Daphna Levinson, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Daniel Rabczenko, Ronald C Kessler, Kate M Scott
Associations between depression/anxiety and pain are well established, but its directionality is not clear. We examined the associations between temporally prior mental disorders and subsequent self-reported chronic back/neck pain onset, and investigated the variation in the strength of associations by timing of events during the life course, and by gender. Data were from population-based household surveys conducted in 19 countries (n=52,095). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset of 16 DSM-IV mental disorders, and the occurrence and age-of-onset of back/neck pain were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031568/anxiety-disorders-in-old-age-psychiatric-comorbidities-quality-of-life-and-prevalence-according-to-age-gender-and-country
#11
Alessandra Canuto, Kerstin Weber, Marc Baertschi, Sylke Andreas, Jana Volkert, Maria Christina Dehoust, Susanne Sehner, Anna Suling, Karl Wegscheider, Berta Ausín, Mike J Crawford, Chiara Da Ronch, Luigi Grassi, Yael Hershkovitz, Manuel Muñoz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Arieh Shalev, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Martin Härter
OBJECTIVES: Previous estimates of the prevalence of anxiety disorders in late life vary greatly due to the lack of reliable diagnostic tools. This MentDis_ICF65+ study assessed 12-month prevalence rates of anxiety disorders and age- and gender-related differences in comorbidities, as well as impact on quality of life. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional multicenter survey. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample comprised 3,142 men and women aged 65 to 84 years, living in five European countries and Israel...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030323/gender-and-the-association-between-long-term-prescription-opioid-use-and-new-onset-depression
#12
Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer, Brian K Ahmedani, Laurel A Copeland, Kathleen K Bucholz, Mark D Sullivan, Thomas Burroughs, F David Schneider, Patrick J Lustman
Women have a higher prevalence of chronic non-cancer pain conditions and report more severe pain, yet, it is not known if the association between long term opioid analgesic use (OAU) and risk of a new depression episode (NDE) differs by gender. We analyzed patient data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA; 2000 to 2012; n=70,997) and a large private-sector health care organization (2003 to 2012; n=22,981) to determine whether long-term OAU and risk of NDE differed by gender. Patients were free of depression and OAU for two years prior to baseline...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029561/women-with-psvt-are-often-misdiagnosed-referred-later-than-men-and-have-more-symptoms-after-ablation
#13
Carina Carnlöf, Marie Iwarzon, Mats Jensen-Urstad, Fredrik Gadler, Per Insulander
OBJECTIVES: Using a patient and gender perspective, this study evaluates the experiences and perspectives of referral for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), and symptoms, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and functional impairment before and six months after ablation. DESIGN: This prospective study includes 214 (109 women) patients with PSVT who completed questionnaires before and after ablation addressing referral patterns, duration of arrhythmia, socioeconomic status, symptoms, HRQOL, and functional impairment...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022251/genetic-and-environmental-relationships-between-eating-behavior-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression
#14
Yun-Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
PURPOSE: To assess gender-specific genetic and environmental correlations between depressive and anxiety symptoms, and concurrent and follow-up eating behavior in Korean twins and their family members. METHODS: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to measure depressive and anxiety symptoms in subjects. To assess concurrent and follow-up relationships of the symptoms with eating behavior domains (restrained, emotional, and external eating), the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire was administered to 2359 subjects at baseline (men, 48...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021442/the-relationship-between-the-serum-oxytocin-levels-disease-activity-the-adls-and-the-qol-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Yusuke Miwa, Hidekazu Furuya, Ryo Yanai, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Kenji Sanada
Objective To investigate the factors associated with depression, including the serum oxytocin (OXT) levels, disease activity, activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QOL), and their effects on rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods This study included 42-RA-patients. We measured the following variables before and after 6 months of treatment with biological disease-modifying anti rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs): the baseline characteristics (including age, sex, disease duration, smoking, and body mass index), the doses of prednisolone and methotrexate, the serum level of matrix metalloprotease-3, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the C-reactive protein level...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019272/amitriptyline-and-sexual-function-a-systematic-review-updated-for-sexual-health-practice
#16
Louis Wei-Hsi Chen, Melody Yun-Si Chen, Zhi-Ping Lian, Hung-Sheng Lin, Chia-Chang Chien, Hsin-Ling Yin, Yuan-Hsiang Chu, Kuo-Yen Chen
Amitriptyline is an old drug but is still prevalently used as the first-line treatment for a variety of common diseases. Surprisingly, knowledge of sexual risks with amitriptyline comes from only one clinical trial and several case reports from three decades ago. In the current study, a systematic review of the literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) related to amitriptyline and sexual dysfunction (SD) was performed. The frequency, gender-difference, types, disease-specificity and time course of SD, and the relationship between SD and nonsexual adversity were studied...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018891/-depression-and-anxiety-prevalence-among-ent%C3%A2-outpatients
#17
D Kleemann, A Kresin, H Kleemann
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of comorbid mental disorders among ENT patients. This investigation aimed to assess the prevalence of two disorders frequent in our society, namely depression and anxiety, in patients of an ENT outpatient clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 2‑week period, 101 consecutive patients were interviewed with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) screening aids. RESULTS: Of 97 evaluated tests, 38% contained indications of a psychiatric problem or mental comorbidity...
October 10, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017482/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-college-students
#18
Baifeng Chen, Fei Liu, Shushu Ding, Xia Ying, Lele Wang, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming increasingly indispensable in everyday life for most undergraduates in China, and this has been associated with problematic use or addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of smartphone addiction and the associated factors in male and female undergraduates. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 and included 1441 undergraduate students at Wannan Medical College, China. The Smartphone Addiction Scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction among the students, using accepted cut-offs...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016895/the-accuracy-of-a-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-general-practice
#19
Rosalind Gittins, Molly Howard, Ameer Ghodke, Timothy J Ives, Paul Chelminski
Objective: To compare the characteristics of people with fibromyalgia (FM) with those with other forms of nonmalignant chronic pain. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted in a chronic pain management clinic within an academic medical center. Setting. : Many symptoms of the chronic pain syndrome FM are common to other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes. FM may be misdiagnosed by clinicians. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with a working diagnosis of FM were identified: 26 (78...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#20
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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