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gender differences in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471427/health-and-work-in-women-and-men-in-the-welding-and-electrical-trades-how-do-they-differ
#1
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469673/forgiveness-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-in-adolescents-gender-differences-in-this-relationship
#2
Cirenia Quintana-Orts, Lourdes Rey
With the development of positive psychology, protective factors have received increased attention as buffers against suicidal ideation and attempts and against the risk factors for suicide (e.g., depressive symptoms). Empirical evidence suggests that one of the protective factors associated with depression and suicide is forgiveness. Although previous studies have demonstrated a negative association between forgiveness and risk of suicide, studies on gender differences in adolescents are still scarce. Thus, the authors assessed the moderating role of gender in a sample of adolescents...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469637/mental-illness-in-sweden-1896-1905-reflected-through-case-records-from-a-local-general-hospital
#3
Malin Appelquist, Louise Brådvik, Marie Åsberg
Mental illness in a hospital in a medium-sized town in Sweden was studied. Consecutive case records from 1896 to 1905, and also from 2011, were selected. In the historical sample, neurasthenia was the most common diagnosis, followed by affective disorders and alcohol abuse. ICD-10 diagnoses corresponded well with the historical diagnoses. Melancholia resembled modern criteria for depression. Mania, insania simplex and paranoia indicated more severe illness. Abuse was more common among men and hysteria among women...
February 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468985/the-role-of-neurohypophyseal-hormones-vasopressin-and-oxytocin-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#4
Michele Iovino, Tullio Messana, Giovanni De Pergola, Emanuela Iovino, Franca Dicuonzo, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Vincenzo Triggiani
Although the neurohypophyseal hormones vasopressin and oxytocin are mostly known for their role respectively in antiduresis the former and in labour, lactation and maternal behavior the latter, both might exert widespread influences either on emotion and cognition in healthy subjects, showing some gender-related differences. They interact one each other facilitating shifts between positive socially- oriented and defensive states. In fact, vasopressin amplifies the reactivity to stressors showing also beneficial effects on attention, verbal learning as well as memory, whereas oxytocin reduces the amplitude of the stress response, improves emotion processing, and can play a negative effect on memory and verbal learning in healthy individuals...
February 19, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468523/gender-differential-in-social-and-economic-predictors-of-incident-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-ibadan-study-of-ageing
#5
Akin Ojagbemi, Toyin Bello, Oye Gureje
PURPOSE: Working on the hypothesis that the social and economic factors associated with onset of late-life depression operate differently for men and women, we investigated the impact of current social relationships and lifetime occupational attainment on incident major depressive disorder (MDD) assessed in three follow-up waves over a period of 5 years. METHODS: Participants were part of a household multistage probability sample of 2149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years and above...
February 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464453/gender-expression-and-mental-health-in-black-south-african-men-who-have-sex-with-men-further-explorations-of-unexpected-findings
#6
Theo G M Sandfort, Henny Bos, Vasu Reddy
Unlike studies conducted in Western countries, two studies among Black South African men who have sex with men (MSM) found no support for the association between gender nonconformity and mental distress, even though gender-nonconforming men experienced more discrimination and discrimination was associated with mental distress (Cook, Sandfort, Nel, & Rich, 2013; Sandfort, Bos, Knox, & Reddy, 2016). In Sandfort et al., gender nonconformity was assessed as a continuous variable, validated by comparing scores between a categorical assessment of gender presentation (masculine, feminine, no preference)...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463478/association-between-gender-confirmation-treatments-and-perceived-gender-congruence-body-image-satisfaction-and-mental-health-in-a-cohort-of-transgender-individuals
#7
Ashli A Owen-Smith, Joseph Gerth, R Craig Sineath, Joshua Barzilay, Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Darios Getahun, Shawn Giammattei, Enid Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Rebecca Nash, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, Travis Sanchez, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Cadence Valentine, Savannah Winter, Cory Woodyatt, Yongjia Song, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals sometimes seek gender confirmation treatments (GCT), including hormone therapy (HT) and/or surgical change of the chest and genitalia ("top" and "bottom" gender confirmation surgeries). These treatments may ameliorate distress resulting from the incongruence between one's physical appearance and gender identity. AIM: The aim was to examine the degree to which individuals' body-gender congruence, body image satisfaction, depression, and anxiety differed by GCT groups in cohorts of transmasculine (TM) and transfeminine (TF) individuals...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462009/gender-differences-in-utilization-of-duty-hour-regulations-aspects-of-burnout-and-psychological-well-being-among-general-surgery-residents-in-the-united-states
#8
Allison R Dahlke, Julie K Johnson, Caprice C Greenberg, Remi Love, Lindsey Kreutzer, Daniel B Hewitt, Christopher M Quinn, Kathryn E Engelhardt, Karl Y Bilimoria
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to (1) assess differences in how male and female general surgery residents utilize duty-hour regulations and experience aspects of burnout and psychological well-being, and (2) to explore reasons why these differing experiences exist. BACKGROUND: There may be differences in how women and men enter, experience, and leave residency programs. METHODS: A total of 7395 residents completed a survey (response rate = 99%)...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456127/neurocognitive-disorder-in-hypertensive-patients-heart-brain-study
#9
A Vicario, G H Cerezo, M Del Sueldo, J Zilberman, S M Pawluk, N Lódolo, A E De Cerchio, R M Ruffa, R Plunkett, M E Giuliano, P Forcada, S Hauad, R Flores
The relation between hypertension and cognitive impairment is an undisputable fact. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in hypertensive patients, to identify the most affected cognitive domain, and to observe the association with different parameters of hypertension and other vascular risk factors. A multicentre study was carried out, and 1281 hypertensive patients of both genders and ≥21 years of age were included. Data on the following parameters were obtained: cognitive status (Minimal Cognitive Examination), behavioural status (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), blood pressure, anthropometry, and biochemical profile...
February 15, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450246/validation-of-a-swedish-version-of-the-short-upps-p-impulsive-behavior-scale-among-young-adults
#10
Benjamin Claréus, Daiva Daukantaitė, Margit Wångby-Lundh, Lars-Gunnar Lundh
The UPPS-P model of impulsivity proposes that impulsivity comprises five distinct facets-negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. The UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale has been used to measure these facets. The purpose of the current study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the 20-item UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (SUPPS-P). The sample comprised 343 Swedish young adults ( M age = 24.21, SD = 2.01; 27% men, 2% other or undisclosed gender identity) who answered a questionnaire including the SUPPS-P; Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21); and questions regarding their alcohol consumption and substance use...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446987/dexmedetomidine-decreases-postoperative-pain-and-narcotic-use-in-children-undergoing-alveolar-bone-graft-surgery
#11
Mariela M Lopez, Derrick Zech, Judith L Linton, Steven J Blackwell
OBJECTIVE: Dexmedetomidine is a parenteral agent that combines the benefits of cooperative sedation, anxiolysis, and analgesia without the risks of respiratory depression. Off-label use has been reported in children. We have introduced dexmedetomidine for use in patients having undergone alveolar bone graft (ABG). The objective is to demonstrate the value and safety of postoperative dexmedetomidine infusion in a non-ICU setting following ABG. DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent ABG by the senior author...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439075/adult-psychosocial-outcomes-of-men-and-women-who-were-looked-after-or-adopted-as-children-prospective-observational-study
#12
Alison Teyhan, Dinithi Wijedasa, John Macleod
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether men and women who were looked-after (in public care) or adopted as children are at increased risk of adverse psychological and social outcomes in adulthood. DESIGN, SETTING: Prospective observational study using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, which recruited pregnant women and their male partners in and around Bristol, UK in the early 1990s. PARTICIPANTS: 8775 women and 3654 men who completed questionnaires at recruitment (mean age: women 29; men 32) and 5 years later...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438556/physical-performance-trajectories-and-mortality-among-older-mexican-americans
#13
Miriam Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Bret Howrey, Marc A Garcia, Kyriakos S Markides
Background: We sought to identify distinct trajectory classes of physical performance in Mexican Americans aged 75 years and older, and to examine whether these trajectories predict mortality. Methods: We used 4 waves of Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE) data for adults 75 years and older from 2004-5 to 2013. Latent growth curve analysis was used to identify distinct trajectory classes. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between baseline characteristics and the newly constructed trajectories...
February 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438191/the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-with-functional-status-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#14
Zyad T Saleh, Jia-Rong Wu, Ibrahim Salami, Khalil Yousef, Terry A Lennie
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and depressive symptoms are each associated with functional status in patients with heart failure (HF), but their association together with functional status has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether functional status scores differ as a function of depressive symptoms and NT-proBNP levels considered together. METHODS: We studied 284 patients with HF who were divided into 4 groups based on the median split of NT-proBNP levels and cut point for depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory ≥ 14): (1) low NT-proBNP of 562...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436974/a-dyadic-approach-to-infertility-stress-marital-adjustment-and-depression-on-quality-of-life-in-infertile-couples
#15
Ju Hee Kim, Hye Sook Shin, Eun Kyoung Yun
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the level of infertility stress, marital adjustment, depression, and quality of life in infertile couples and assess the actor and partner effects in these areas using the actor-partner interdependence model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: Participants were 121 infertile couples. After pilot study, data were collected from November 2012 to March 2013 using the following questionnaires: the Fertility Quality of Life, Fertility Problem Inventory, Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory...
March 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436061/anterior-insular-volume-decrease-is-associated-with-dysfunction-of-the-reward-system-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#16
E Ikeda, T Li, H Kobinata, S Zhang, J Kurata
BACKGROUND: Chronification of pain is associated with both anatomical and functional alterations of the brain. Alteration in regional gray matter volume might potentially be associated with modified activity of specific brain networks. In this cross-sectional, observational study, we sought to identify brain regions with gray matter volume changes in patients with chronic pain and to reveal its significance by analysing alteration in functional connectivity from those regions. We further explored relevance of such alterations with psychometrics of chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435325/psychological-distress-iron-deficiency-active-disease-and-female-gender-are-independent-risk-factors-for-fatigue-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Börje Jonefjäll, Magnus Simrén, Anders Lasson, Lena Öhman, Hans Strid
Background: Patients with ulcerative colitis often report fatigue. Objectives: To investigate prevalence of and risk factors for fatigue in patients with ulcerative colitis with active disease and during deep remission. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, disease activity was evaluated with endoscopy and calprotectin, and patients were classified as having active disease ( n = 133) or being in deep remission ( n = 155). Blood samples were analysed to assess anaemia, iron deficiency and systemic immune activity...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434563/determining-factors-for-stress-perception-assessed-with-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-4-in-spanish-and-other-european-samples
#18
Miguel A Vallejo, Laura Vallejo-Slocker, Enrique G Fernández-Abascal, Guillermo Mañanes
Objective: Stress perception depends on cultural and social aspects that vary from one country to another. One of the most widely disseminated methods of assessing psychological stress is the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4). Therefore, in order to identify these factors and their impact on mental health, the present study compares the PSS-4 results among three European countries (Great Britain, France and Spain). This study focuses on PSS-4 results within a Spanish sample to determine: (1) normative data, reliability and validity of PSS-4 in a Spanish sample and (2) how stress perception changes depending on cultural and social factors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434459/are-comorbid-pain-and-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Swati Mehta, Shannon Janzen, Amanda McIntyre, Jerome Iruthayarajah, Eldon Loh, Robert Teasell
Objective: To examine the difference in functional outcomes and therapy intensity among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) with comorbid depression and pain symptoms compared to those without these symptoms. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 100 patients admitted to a specialized SCI inpatient rehabilitation unit. Standard demographic factors were collected. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those with comorbid depression and pain symptoms and those without. Outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433074/the-relationship-between-inflammatory-state-and-quantity-of-affective-episodes-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
Robert Queissner, René Pilz, Nina Dalkner, Armin Birner, Susanne A Bengesser, Martina Platzer, Frederike T Fellendorf, Nora Kainzbauer, Simone Herzog-Eberhard, Carlo Hamm, Bernd Reininghaus, Sieglinde Zelzer, Harald Mangge, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Eva Z Reininghaus
OBJECTIVES: Immunological/inflammatory processes have been proposed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, including bipolar disorder (BD). The present study aimed to examine the influence of immune activation, measured on the basis of inflammatory markers, on the course of illness, proxied by the number of affective episodes, in patients with BD. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between high-sensitive CRP (hsCRP) and Interleukin 6 (IL-6), two inflammatory markers and characteristics of course of illness (e...
February 3, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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