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gender differences in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814728/prevalence-of-smoking-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-and-schizophrenia-and-their-relationships-with-quality-of-life
#1
Xiao-Hong Li, Feng-Rong An, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Ping-Ping Wu, Xin Jin, Yu-Tao Xiang
Few studies have compared the prevalence of smoking between patients with bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. This study examined the prevalence of smoking and its relationships with demographic and clinical characteristics, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with these psychiatric disorders. A total of 1,102 inpatients were consecutively screened. Psychopathology and QOL were measured with standardized instruments. The prevalence of current smoking in the whole sample was 16...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810176/influence-of-gender-on-inpatient-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-an-analysis-of-60-607-hospitalisations
#2
Matthäus Fellinger, Thomas Waldhör, Victor Blüml, Nolan Williams, Benjamin Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of gender on inpatient treatment patterns in bipolar patients is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine whether differences in length of stay and frequency of inpatient episodes, according to ICD-10 bipolar disorder (BD)-subgroups, exist between men and women. METHODS: All episodes of a manic (F31.0-2), depressive (F31.3-5) or mixed (F31.6) subtype of BD during an inpatient stay in an Austrian hospital in the period of 2001-2014 were included in this study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810160/differences-in-prevalence-socio-behavioral-correlates-and-psychosocial-distress-between-club-drug-and-hard-drug-use-in-taiwan-results-from-the-2014-national-survey-of-substance-use
#3
Wei J Chen, Shang-Chi Wu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Yen-Tyng Chen, Po-Chang Hsiao, Ya-Hui Yu, Te-Tien Ting, Chuan-Yu Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Jiun-Hau Huang, Hao-Jan Yang, Chung-Yi Li, Carol Strong, Cheng-Fang Yen, Chia-Feng Yen, Jui Hsu
BACKGROUND: This study examined variation between users of 'club' and 'hard' drugs in Taiwan in terms of prevalence of use and demographics and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: Data were derived from a survey of 17,837 Taiwanese civilians, aged 12-64 years, using stratified, multi-stage, random sampling. Participants completed a computer-assisted self-interview on tablet computers which covered use of legal substances, sedatives/hypnotics and prescription analgesics; use of illicit drugs/inhalants, risky sexual experiences; expectations of drugs; and psychological distress...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#4
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807027/health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-brazilian-amazon-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Marcus Tolentino Silva, Monica Caicedo Roa, Tais Freire Galvao
BACKGROUND: To analyze perceptions of health-related quality of life and associated factors in populations from the Manaus Metropolitan Region. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study from May to August 2015. Adults aged 18 years and older were selected using probabilistic three-phase cluster sampling and stratified by sex and age, based on official estimates. Quality of life data were collected using the European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions 3-Levels (EQ-5D-3L) along with socioeconomic, demographic, and health perception data...
August 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#6
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804397/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-on-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemics-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-canada
#7
Lia Gentil, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Préville
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Canada, and nonadherence to oral hypoglycemics is a common problem among older adults. This study aims to document the impact of depression and anxiety disorders on adherence to oral hypoglycemics in older adults with diabetes mellitus. Data used in this study came from the longitudinal Quebec survey on senior's health (Enquête sur la Santé des Ainés), using a representative sample of 2811 older adults aged 65 and over. The final sample for analysis consisted of 301 patients who received oral hypoglycemic pharmacotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802118/associations-of-relative-deprivation-and-income-rank-with-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-japan
#8
Krisztina Gero, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others). Two concepts relevant to the psychosocial effects of income are: relative deprivation (for example expressed by the Yitzhaki Index, measuring the magnitude of difference in income among individuals) and Income Rank. This study examined whether higher relative deprivation and lower income rank are associated with depressive symptoms in an older population independently of absolute income...
August 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799294/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-specific-emotional-distress-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
N E Perrin, M J Davies, N Robertson, F J Snoek, K Khunti
AIMS: Psychological comorbidity, such as depression and/or diabetes-specific emotional distress (diabetes distress), is widespread in people with Type 2 diabetes and is associated with poorer treatment outcomes. Although extensive research into the prevalence of depression has been conducted, the same attention has not been given to diabetes distress. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the overall prevalence of diabetes distress in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Seven databases were searched to identify potentially relevant studies; eligible studies (adult population aged > 18 years with Type 2 diabetes and an outcome measure of diabetes distress) were selected and appraised independently by two reviewers...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796910/factors-predicting-the-self-evaluated-health-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-patients-recruited-from-an-outpatient-clinic
#10
R Kjaersgaard Andersen, P Theut Riis, G B E Jemec
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, Hidradenitis suppurativa has received increased attention, but still lack well-defined, robust patient reported outcome measures. Such measures are likely to be influenced by contextual factors. We therefore aim to describe the association of biological and other factors with HS patient's self-evaluated health as reflected by the EQ5D VAS score. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured basic information, Dermatology Life Quality Index, Major Depression Inventory, and Euro-QoL-5D...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795307/sex-symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatology
#11
REVIEW
Marco Krasselt, Christoph Baerwald
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a striking female predominance ranging from 3:1 in RA up to 9:1 in SLE. The background for those gender bias is not fully understood yet, but seems to be the result of a complex interaction between sex hormones, (epi-)genetics, and possibly even the composition of gut microbiota. Moreover, time of disease onset, the clinical phenotype including co-morbidities as well as the course of the diseases during life differ between genders...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792656/amygdala-and-regional-volumes-in-treatment-resistant-versus-nontreatment-resistant-depression-patients
#12
Anca-Larisa Sandu, Eric Artiges, André Galinowski, Thierry Gallarda, Frank Bellivier, Hervé Lemaitre, Bernard Granger, Damien Ringuenet, Eleni T Tzavara, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot
BACKGROUND: Although treatment-resistant and nontreatment-resistant depressed patients show structural brain anomalies relative to healthy controls, the difference in regional volumetry between these two groups remains undocumented. METHODS: A whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis of regional volumes was performed in 125 participants' magnetic resonance images obtained on a 1.5 Tesla scanner; 41 had treatment-resistant depression (TRD), 40 nontreatment-resistant depression (non-TRD), and 44 were healthy controls...
August 9, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792529/discrepancy-between-self-assessed-hearing-status-and-measured-audiometric-evaluation
#13
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between self-reported hearing status and hearing impairment assessed using conventional audiometry. The associated factors were examined when a concordance between self-reported hearing and audiometric measures was lacking. METHODS: In total, 19,642 individuals ≥20 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2009 through 2012 were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791987/an-evaluation-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#14
S Oruc, G Gülseren, O Y Kusbecı, O Özbulut
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine neuropsychiatric symptoms of patients with early and advanced stage Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at Kocatepe University Neurology Department in Turkey, comprised 46 PD patients and 46 controls. Hoehn-Yahr (HY) scale was used to evaluate the clinical stages of PD and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) was used to evaluate the severity of clinical signs. Cognitive functions were evaluated by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and neuropsychiatric findings were evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS)...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791690/apathy-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-nursing-home-patients
#15
Johanna M H Nijsten, Ruslan Leontjevas, Ron Pat-El, Martin Smalbrugge, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Debby L Gerritsen
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic value of apathy for mortality in patients of somatic (SC) and dementia special care (DSC) nursing home (NH) units. DESIGN: Longitudinal design, secondary analyses of a 2-year, cluster-randomized trial with six measurements, approximately 4 months in between. SETTING: SC and DSC-units of Dutch NHs. PARTICIPANTS: NH-patients of seventeen SC-units (n = 342) and sixteen DCS-units (n = 371)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783576/association-of-serum-bdnf-levels-with-psychotic-symptom-in-chronic-patients-with-treatment-resistant-depression-in-a-chinese-han-population
#16
Xingbing Huang, Xiong Huang, Yanling Zhou, Hongbo He, Fang Mei, Bin Sun, Jair C Soares, Xiang Yang Zhang
The neurotrophic hypothesis of depression is supported by consistent findings of lower serum BDNF levels in depressed patients. Increasing evidence shows different clinical characteristics of patients with psychotic major depression versus nonpsychotic major depression. However, the possible association between BDNF and psychotic symptoms in depression has not been investigated. We recruited 90 treatment-resistant depression (TRD) patients and 90 gender- and age-matched healthy control subjects and examined serum BDNF in both groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782397/spousal-breadwinning-across-30-years-of-marriage-and-husbands-health-a-gendered-life-course-stress-approach
#17
Kristen W Springer, Chioun Lee, Deborah Carr
OBJECTIVE: Wives increasingly outearn their husbands, and gender relations theory suggests this arrangement may undermine men's well-being. We explore how long-term histories of spousal breadwinning may be associated with older men's self-rated mental and physical health, and risk of nine health diagnoses. METHOD: Using 30 years of couple-level income data from the Health and Retirement Study ( n = 1,095 couples), we use latent class analyses to identify six classes that differ with respect to the timing and level of wife breadwinning...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781731/neuropsychological-functioning-in-obsessive-compulsive-washers-drug-naive-without-depressive-symptoms
#18
Ali Akbar Saremi, Seyed Vahid Shariat, Mohammad Ali Nazari, Behrooz Dolatshahi
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a complex and heterogeneous neuropsychiatric syndrome. Contamination obsessions and washing/cleaning compulsions are the most frequent clinical OCD subtypes. The current study aimed at examining the neuropsychological impairments in drug-naive obsessive-compulsive (OC) washers without depressive symptoms and their association with the severity of symptoms. METHODS: In the current causal-comparative study, 35 patients with diagnostic and statistical mental disorders class (DSM)-IV diagnosed with washing-subtype OCD and 35 healthy subjects were selected by the convenience sampling method and evaluated by computerized neuropsychology battery and clinical tests as Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Go/No-Go Test, Digits Forward (DF), Digits Backward (DB), Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-28...
May 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776358/comorbidities-and-related-factors-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-of-south-india-karnataka-rheumatoid-arthritis-comorbidity-krac-study
#19
S Chandrashekara, V Shobha, B G Dharmanand, R Jois, S Kumar, K M Mahendranath, V Haridas, S Prasad, Y Singh, M A Daware, A Swamy, R Subramanian, S A Somashekar, A M Shanthappa, K R Anupama
The aim was to study the prevalence of comorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in everyday clinical practice and their association with disease-specific and demographic factors. The multi-center study recruited 3,247 (at 14 centers, and 265) were excluded due to incomplete data. The number of subjects considered for the analysis was 2982. The mean (±standard deviation) age was 48.98±12.64 years and the male-to-female ratio was 1:5. The data was collected based on a pre-structured pro forma by trained clinical research associates through interview and verification of charts and reports available in the patient records...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770477/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-barthel-index
#20
Nerea González, Amaia Bilbao, Maria Joao Forjaz, Alba Ayala, Miren Orive, Susana Garcia-Gutierrez, Carlota Las Hayas, Jose Maria Quintana
BACKGROUND: The Barthel Index is one of the most employed questionnaires for the evaluation of functionality, but there is no information on its psychometric properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Spanish version of the Barthel Index. METHODS: The data employed in this paper were obtained from four Spanish cohorts of elderly people of 60 years or older. We collected data on age, gender, education level, comorbidities, and questionnaires regarding functionality, health-related quality of life, depression, and social support...
August 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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