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gender differences in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098398/depression-and-discrimination-in-the-lives-of-women-transgender-and-gender-liminal-people-in-ontario-canada
#1
Charmaine C Williams, Deone Curling, Leah S Steele, Margaret F Gibson, Andrea Daley, Datejie Cheko Green, Lori E Ross
This article uses an intersectionality lens to explore how experiences of race, gender, sexuality, class and their intersections are associated with depression and unmet need for mental healthcare in a population of 704 women and transgender/gender liminal people from Ontario, Canada. A survey collecting demographic information, information about mental health and use of mental healthcare services, and data for the Everyday Discrimination Scale and the PHQ-9 Questionnaire for Depression was completed by 704 people via Internet or pen-and-paper between June 2011 and June 2012...
January 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096665/gender-differences-in-partners-of-patients-with-copd-and-their-perceptions-about-the-patients
#2
Nienke Nakken, Daisy Ja Janssen, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Giny Al Clappers-Gielen, Arent Jan Michels, Jean Wm Muris, Jan H Vercoulen, Emiel Fm Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) not only affects patients but also their partners. Gender-related differences in patients with COPD are known, for instance regarding symptoms and quality of life. Yet, research regarding gender differences in partners of patients with COPD has been conducted to a lesser extent, and most research focused on female partners. We aimed to investigate differences between male and female partners of patients with COPD regarding their own characteristics and their perceptions of patients' characteristics...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093847/quality-of-life-and-clinical-correlates-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community-and-in-nursing-homes-in-macao
#3
Kenny C F Kuok, Lu Li, Yu-Tao Xiang, Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Linda Tran, Li-Rong Meng
AIM: There have been no previous studies of quality of life (QOL) in older adults in Macao. This study aimed to examine QOL in relation to the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adults aged ≥50 years in Macao. METHODS: A sample of 451 subjects (203 living in the community, 248 living in nursing homes) was interviewed using standardized instruments. Basic sociodemographic and clinical data including QOL were collected. RESULT: There were no significant differences between the community and nursing home groups in any of the QOL domains...
January 17, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093658/distinguishing-pathways-from-negative-emotions-to-suicide-ideation-and-to-suicide-attempt-the-differential-mediating-effects-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#4
Xu Zhang, Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Chao Huang, Yongqiang Jiang, Min-Pei Lin, Freedom Leung
Negative emotion (NE) is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA). However, little is known about the possibly different mechanisms underlying the pathways from NE to these two different suicide phenomena. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is related to both negative emotions and suicidality. Thus, the present study aimed to test the differential roles of NSSI in the pathways from NE (specified by depression, anxiety, and stress) to SI and from NE to SA. This study hypothesized that NSSI served as a mediator in the relationship from NE to SA, but not in the relationship from NE to SI...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092790/comparison-of-quality-of-life-in-homeless-and-non-homeless-chinese-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#5
Xiao-Lan Cao, Yan-Nan Fu, Fu-Jun Jia, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Cai-Lan Hou, Yong-Qiang Lin, Xiao-Bin Zhong, Xiang-Min Liu, Larina C L Yim, Yu-Tao Xiang
To date, there are no data on quality of life (QOL) and its correlates in homeless Chinese patients with psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to compare QOL between homeless and non-homeless patients with psychiatric disorders in China. A total of 278 homeless and 222 non-homeless patients matched in age and gender were consecutively recruited. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected from medical records. A clinical interview was conducted using standardized instruments. The physical and mental QOL in both groups were lower than the normative data for Chinese general population, but there was no significant difference in any QOL domain between the two groups...
January 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#6
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089265/gender-differences-in-parkinson-s-disease-depression
#7
Andrew J Perrin, Ekaterina Nosova, Kim Co, Adam Book, Oscar Iu, Vanessa Silva, Christina Thompson, Martin J McKeown, A Jon Stoessl, Matthew J Farrer, Silke Appel-Cresswell
INTRODUCTION: 30-40% of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience depression during their illness; identifying subtypes of depression and groups at risk remains a challenge in routine clinical care. One avenue that remains underexplored is the gender-specific profiles manifested in PD depression. We sought to explore this in a large sample of clinical PD patients. METHODS: 307 patient records at a tertiary referral centre were reviewed for clinical and demographic factors...
December 29, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#8
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087800/health-care-engagement-among-lgbt-older-adults-the-role-of-depression-diagnosis-and-symptomatology
#9
Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Optimal engagement in health care plays a critical role in the success of disease prevention and treatment, particularly for older adults who are often in greater need of health care services. However, to date, there is still limited knowledge about the relationship between depression and health care engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study utilized data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, Sexuality/Gender Study, from the 2014 survey with 2,450 LGBT adults 50 years old and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069271/how-is-depression-experienced-around-the-world-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#10
E E Haroz, M Ritchey, J K Bass, B A Kohrt, J Augustinavicius, L Michalopoulos, M D Burkey, P Bolton
To date global research on depression has used assessment tools based on research and clinical experience drawn from Western populations (i.e., in North American, European and Australian). There may be features of depression in non-Western populations which are not captured in current diagnostic criteria or measurement tools, as well as criteria for depression that are not relevant in other regions. We investigated this possibility through a systematic review of qualitative studies of depression worldwide. Nine online databases were searched for records that used qualitative methods to study depression...
December 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068614/the-gender-difference-in-depressive-prevalence-is-due-to-high-prevalence-of-somatic-depression-among-women-who-do-not-have-depressed-relatives
#11
Brett Silverstein, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Wulf Rossler, Jules Angst
BACKGROUND: Given that several studies have found the gender difference in depression to be rooted in psychosocial forces and others have shown the difference to be due to a gender difference in somatic depression, we compared the gender difference in somatic depression among respondents who reported no relative depressed with that of all other depressed respondents. METHODS: Respondents in a representative sample from the Zurich study who met criteria for somatic depression and reported no relatives (first-degree, or parents, or mothers, or fathers in separate analyses) with depression were compared to other depressed respondents as to gender...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067938/health-status-of-homeless-persons-a-pilot-study-in-the-padua-municipal-dorm
#12
S Levorato, G Bocci, G Troiano, G Messina, N Nante
OBJECTIVES: Homeless persons can be considered a vulnerable group and several studies showed in this group an higher prevalence of chronic and infectious diseases, a lower mental health status, and a higher abuse of alcohol. The aim of our study was to investigate the health status of homeless in Padua, Italy, administering a questionnaire composed by SF-36 and EQ-5D. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 15 December 2015 to 15 February 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled in our study 73 homeless persons welcomed in the municipal dorm of Padua...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061774/metabolic-syndrome-and-depressive-symptoms-among-rural-northeast-general-population-in-china
#13
Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Liqiang Zheng, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND: Previous researches aiming to estimate the association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms come out with inconsistent results. Besides, most of them are conducted in the developed areas. There is lack of the data from rural China. The aim of this study is to confirm whether gender difference exists among the relationship between MetS, metabolic components and depressive symptoms in the rural Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis enrolled 11430 subjects' aged ≥35 from rural Northeast China...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061411/the-12-month-prevalence-of-depression-and-health-care-utilization-in-the-general-population-of-latvia
#14
Jelena Vrublevska, Marcis Trapencieris, Sigita Snikere, Daiga Grinberga, Biruta Velika, Iveta Pudule, Elmars Rancans
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to assess the 12-month prevalence of major and minor depression in the Latvian population, and to evaluate associated health care utilization. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted face-to-face interviews with a multistage stratified probability sample of the Latvian general population, ages 15-64 (n=3003). Participants were interviewed using the depression module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060415/gender-differences-in-affects-and-craving-in-alcohol-dependence-a-study-during-alcohol-detoxification
#15
Géraldine Petit, Olivier Luminet, Mariana Cordovil de Sousa Uva, Pauline Monhonval, Sophie Leclercq, Quentin Spilliaert, François Zammit, Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary
BACKGROUND: Alcohol craving is a major cause of relapse in alcohol-dependent (AD) patients. It is closely related to the high depression and anxiety symptoms that are frequently observed at the early stages of abstinence, and these comorbid symptoms might thus constitute a relapse factor when they persist after detoxification. As these negative affects are known to evolve during the detoxification process, the aim of this study was to investigate the course of the relation between affects and craving during detoxification, with a particular attention given to gender in light of the known differences in affects between AD men and women...
January 6, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059934/differences-in-the-expression-of-symptoms-in-men-versus-women-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Anna Cavanagh, Coralie J Wilson, David J Kavanagh, Peter Caputi
OBJECTIVE: While some studies suggest that men and women report different symptoms associated with depression, no published systematic review or meta-analysis has analyzed the relevant research literature. This article aims to review the evidence of gender differences in symptoms associated with depression. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, and PsycINFO databases, along with further identified references lists, were searched. Thirty-two studies met the inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058812/mental-distress-in-treatment-seeking-young-adults-18-25-years-with-severe-obesity-compared-with-population-controls-of-different-body-mass-index-levels-cohort-study
#17
H Dreber, S Reynisdottir, B Angelin, P Tynelius, F Rasmussen, E Hemmingsson
Young adults (18-25) with severe obesity constitute a challenging patient group, and there is limited evidence about their mental health status compared to population controls. Mental distress in treatment seeking young adults with severe obesity (n = 121, mean body mass index [BMI] = 39.8 kg m(-2) ) was compared with matched (1:3 for age, gender and socioeconomic status) population controls of normal weight (n = 363, mean BMI = 22.4 kg m(-2) ), as well as unmatched population controls with class I obesity (n = 105, mean BMI = 32...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#18
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054834/long-term-restrictions-in-participation-in-stroke-survivors-under-and-over-70-years-of-age
#19
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054633/serum-apob-levels-in-depressive-patients-associated-with-cognitive-deficits
#20
Li Hui, Mei Han, Xiang Dong Du, Bao Hua Zhang, Shu Chang He, Tian Nan Shao, Guang Zhong Yin
Cognitive deficits have been regarded as one of the most significant clinical symptoms of depressive disorder. Accumulating evidence has shown that apolipoprotein B (ApoB) levels, which are responsible for inducing neurodegeneration, may be involved in cognitive deficits. This study examines cognitive deficits, and the correlation of serum ApoB levels with cognitive deficits of depressive disorder. 90 depressive patients and 90 healthy controls with matched age and gender were recruited. Cognition was assessed using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
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