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gender differences in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228453/impaired-health-status-psychological-distress-and-personality-in-women-and-men-with-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-sex-and-gender-differences-the-twist-tweesteden-mild-stenosis-study
#1
Paula M C Mommersteeg, Lindy Arts, Wobbe Zijlstra, Jos W Widdershoven, Wilbert Aarnoudse, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD; wall irregularities, stenosis <60%), and women with NOCAD in particular, remain underinvestigated. We examined sex and gender (S&G) differences in health status, psychological distress, and personality between patients with NOCAD and the general population, as well as S&G differences within the NOCAD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 523 patients with NOCAD (61±9 years, 52% women) were included via coronary angiography and computed tomography as part of the TWIST (Tweesteden Mild Stenosis) study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226415/topographical-pressure-pain-sensitivity-maps-of-the-temporalis-muscle-in-people-with-frequent-episodic-and-chronic-tension-type-headache
#2
María Palacios Ceña, Matteo Castaldo, Kelun Wang, Pascal Madeleine, Ángel L Guerrero, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, César Fernández de Las Peñas
BACKGROUND: Previous pilot studies suggest the presence of heterogeneous sensitivity to pressure in primary headaches without considering the frequency of headache episodes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in topographical pressure pain sensitivity maps in the temporalis muscle between individuals with frequent episodic (FETTH) and chronic (CTTH) tension-type headache by controlling the presence of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were assessed bilaterally from 9 points distributed over the temporalis muscle (3 points in the anterior portion, 3 in the middle portion, and the remaining 3 in the posterior portion of the muscle belly) in 113 patients with FETTH and 91 with CTTH in a blinded design...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225885/depression-stress-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-comparison-between-students-from-different-semesters
#3
Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Natalia de Castro Pecci Maddalena, Ronald Kleinsorge Roland, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Sandra Helena Cerrato Tibiriçá, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and stress in medical students from all semesters of a Brazilian medical school and assess their respective associated factors. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of students from the twelve semesters of a Brazilian medical school was carried out. Students filled out a questionnaire including sociodemographics, religiosity (DUREL - Duke Religion Index), and mental health (DASS-21 - Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale)...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225781/chronic-pain-depression-and-cardiovascular-disease-linked-through-a-shared-genetic-predisposition-analysis-of-a-family-based-cohort-and-twin-study
#4
Oliver van Hecke, Lynne J Hocking, Nicola Torrance, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, David J Porteous, Andrew M McIntosh, Andrea V Burri, Haruka Tanaka, Frances M K Williams, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Depression and chronic pain are the two most important causes of disability (Global Burden of Disease Study 2013). They occur together more frequently than expected and both conditions have been shown to be co-morbid with cardiovascular disease. Although shared socio-demographic risk factors (e.g. gender, deprivation) might explain the co-morbidity of these three conditions, we hypothesised that these three long-term, highly prevalent conditions co-occur and may be due to shared familial risk, and/or genetic factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224880/child-depression-prevalence-and-comparison-between-self-reports-and-teacher-reports
#5
Joana Jaureguizar, Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil
Depression is one of the most worrying diseases nowadays. The study had three main purposes: 1) to identify the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in 7-10 year olds, exploring differences according to gender and age; 2) to analyze the consistency between self-reports and teacher reports; and 3) to explore the relationship between depression and academic performance. Regarding the methodology, the sample comprised 420 students aged between 7 and 10 years from the Basque Country (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls)...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#6
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222193/screening-for-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-at-school-new-validity-evidences-on-the-short-form-of-the-reynolds-depression-scale
#7
Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Rebeca Aritio-Solana, Félix Inchausti, Edurne Chocarro de Luis, Beatriz Lucas Molina, Alicia Pérez de Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
The main purpose of the present study was to assess the depressive symptomatology and to gather new validity evidences of the Reynolds Depression Scale-Short form (RADS-SF) in a representative sample of youths. The sample consisted of 2914 adolescents with a mean age of 15.85 years (SD = 1.68). We calculated the descriptive statistics and internal consistency of the RADS-SF scores. Also, confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) at the item level and successive multigroup CFAs to test measurement invariance, were conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216503/-depression-and-self-efficacy-in-medical-residents
#8
Yun Ding, Lingling Huang, Chenzhe Feng, Min Yang, Yan Zhang
To evaluate the status of depression and to determine the association between depression and self-efficacy in medical residents.
 Methods: Self-made questionnaire of general situation, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and general self-efficacy scale were applied to 223 new residents from a hospital in Hunan Province to evaluate the general situation, the status of depression, level of self-efficacy sense and the influential factors. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were performed to assess the association between depression and self-efficacy, and the influential factors of residents, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215470/sex-versus-gender-differences-in-schizophrenia-the-case-for-normal-personality-differences
#9
Richard Lewine, Morgan Martin, Mara Hart
Schizophrenia has generally been viewed as having a unique preschizophrenia personality or destructive to the personality post-onset. This view is reflected in the scarcity of studies of personality in schizophrenia with the exception of schizotypal personality considered by many as an endophenotype of schizophrenia. What is missing is the study of personality as independent of schizophrenia and as a potential source of schizophrenia heterogeneity. In this study we examine sex versus gender as an initial effort to introduce personality as a normal variant that influences how schizophrenia is expressed...
February 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215469/depression-and-implicit-emotion-processing-an-eeg-study
#10
Andrey V Bocharov, Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov
OBJECTIVES: Depression is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses and is associated with changes in emotion processing. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of depressive symptoms on EEG oscillatory dynamics accompanying implicit processing of angry and happy facial expressions in 46 healthy subjects. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory was used to assess the presence of depressive symptoms in normal subjects. During the experiment, they were told to categorize the gender of angry, neutral, or happy faces presented to them, while high-resolution EEG was recorded...
February 16, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214169/protective-misperception-prospective-study-of-weight-self-perception-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#11
Emily S Unger, Ichiro Kawachi, Carly E Milliren, Kendrin R Sonneville, Idia B Thurston, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Underestimating one's weight is often seen as a barrier to weight loss. However, recent research has shown that weight underperception may be beneficial, with lower future weight gain and fewer depressive symptoms. Here, we examine the relationship between adolescent weight underperception and future blood pressure. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2,463 adolescents with overweight and obesity (students in grades 8-12 in 1996)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213187/suicide-attempters-with-high-and-low-suicide-intent-different-populations-in-rural-china
#12
Bao-Peng Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Cun-Xian Jia
This paired case-control study aimed to compare characteristics between suicide attempters with high and low suicide intent in rural China. We evaluated 409 suicide attempters and their paired controls who were matched with the same gender, age (a difference of no more than 3 years), and similar residence. Compared to paired control, suicide attempt with high and low suicide intent shared the 3 common risk factors of negative life event, high depression score, and low social support score. In addition, mental disorder was an independent risk factor of suicide attempt with high intent...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210932/personality-and-attachment-in-transsexual-adults
#13
Vittorio Lingiardi, Guido Giovanardi, Alexandro Fortunato, Valentina Nassisi, Anna Maria Speranza
The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between personality features and attachment patterns in transsexual adults. We explored mental representations of attachment, assessed personality traits, and possible personality disorders. Forty-four individuals diagnosed with gender identity disorder (now gender dysphoria), 28 male-to-female and 16 female-to-male, were evaluated using the Shedler-Westen assessment procedure-200 (SWAP-200) to assess personality traits and disorders; the adult attachment interview was used to evaluate their attachment state-of-mind...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208852/alteration-of-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-of-depression
#14
Deepti Jangpangi, Sunita Mondal, Rajiv Bandhu, Dinesh Kataria, Asha Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Altered cardiac autonomic functions in form of reduced Heart Rate Variability (HRV) have been found to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in depressive patients. AIM: To investigate the relationship between HRV measures, which is a non-invasive marker of autonomic nervous system and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a convenient sample size of drug naive depressive patients (n=30) diagnosed on basis of ICD-10 and compared with age and gender matched healthy volunteers (n=30)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#15
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203104/proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-assessment-of-metabolite-status-of-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-chronic-pain-patients-and-healthy-controls
#16
Takahiro Ito, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Narihito Iwashita, Ikuo Tooyama, Akihiko Shiino, Katsuyuki Miura, Sei Fukui
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a common cause of reduced quality of life. Recent studies suggest that chronic pain patients have a different brain neurometabolic status to healthy people. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) can determine the concentrations of metabolites in a specific region of the brain without being invasive. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 56 chronic pain patients and 60 healthy controls to compare brain metabolic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199423/-outpatient-s-profile-assisted-by-the-psychiatry-residents-of-the-prof-dr-r-rossi-general-hospital-la-plata-argentina
#17
Diego Giannandrea, Julián Achilli Lucas, Lucía Saldaño, María J Barrenengoa, Mariano Dramis, Mariano Barraco, Matías González Olivi, María T Burry
OBJECTIVE: To define the profile and the treatments evolution of the outpatients assisted by the psychiatry residents of the Rossi Hospital in La Plata. METHODS: It was analyzed the period between 2005 and 2010 (six years). The variables selected included gender, age, diagnosis (according to ICD 10), duration and evolution of treatment. RESULTS: From the total number of patients (n=341), 58,7% were women (n= 200) and 41,3% men (n= 141). The most frequent diagnoses were: anxiety disorders (13,6%), depressive disorders (12,8%), schizophrenia (12,2%), other non-affective psychoses (9%) and mental retardation (8,4%)...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198637/video-gaming-and-gaming-addiction-in-transgender-people-an-exploratory-study
#18
Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany Alice Jones, Christina Richards, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
Background There is anecdotal clinical evidence that transgender people use the online world - such as forums and online video gaming - for the purpose of experiencing their gender identity in a safe, non-threatening, non-alienating, non-stigmatizing, and non-critical environment. Aims To describe gaming behavior, degree of problematic gaming behavior and associated factors with problematic gaming in a comparatively large group of transgender people accessing transgender health services. Methods Every individual referred to a national transgender health service in the United Kingdom during a 12-month period was invited to complete a series of questionnaires to measure gaming behavior, interpersonal functioning, severity of autistic features, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197877/fasting-leptin-and-glucose-in-normal-weight-over-weight-and-obese-men-and-women-diabetes-patients-with-and-without-clinical-depression
#19
Darakhshan Jabeen Haleem, Shehnaz Sheikh, Asher Fawad, Muhammad A Haleem
A large number of diabetes patients suffer from major depression and are at high risk of mortality. In view of a role of leptin in diabetes, depression and energy homeostasis, the present study concerns circulating levels of leptin in different BMI groups of un-depressed and depressed diabetes patients. Six hundred thirty male and female patients with a primary diagnosis of diabetes were grouped according to BMI and with or without clinical symptoms of depression. Age matched healthy, normal weight male and female volunteers without clinical symptoms of depression or diabetes were taken as controls...
February 15, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195956/group-based-trajectory-analysis-of-emotional-symptoms-among-survivors-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Dianxu Ren, Jun Fan, Ava M Puccio, David O Okonkwo, Sue R Beers, Yvette Conley
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms and anxiety are fairly common emotional outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Life satisfaction is a main factor in the general construct of subjective well-being. However, there is limited literature available on the interrelationship between emotional outcomes and life satisfaction post-severe TBI over time. The purpose of this study was to characterize distinct patterns of change in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and life satisfaction over 24 months after severe TBI and evaluate the interrelationship of different trajectory groups among them as well as associated subject characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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