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gender differences in depression

Shuntaro Ando, Atsushi Nishida, Satoshi Usami, Shinsuke Koike, Syudo Yamasaki, Sho Kanata, Shinya Fujikawa, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Masato Fukuda, Susan M Sawyer, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Seeking help from others is an essential behavioural intention for humans to adapt to the social environment. Transgenerational and gender-related mechanisms of how this intention is shaped is an important but unresolved question in adolescent development. This study aimed to comprehensively examine the factors promoting or inhibiting intention to seek help for depression in 10-year-olds, including transgenerational factors, and to investigate the sex differences in the effect of these factors...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Juncheng Lyu, Yingying Wang, Hong Shi, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemiological survey. A sample of 659 serious suicide attempters was randomly recruited from 13 rural counties in China. Each case was matched by a community control for gender, age, and residence location. Face to face interviews were conducted for all the cases and controls with the same structured questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Leslie A Rescorla, Mary C Blumenfeld, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach, International Aseba Consortium
Our objective was to examine international similarities and differences in the Dysregulation Profile (DP) of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and Youth Self-Report (YSR) via comparisons of data from many societies. Primary samples were those studied by Rescorla et al. (2012): CBCL: N = 69,866, 42 societies; YSR: N = 38,070, 34 societies; TRF: N = 37,244, 27 societies. Omnicultural Q correlations of items composing the DP (from the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes) indicated considerable consistency across diverse societies with respect to which of the DP items tended to receive low, medium, or high ratings, whether ratings were provided by parents (M Q = ...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Anna Vannucci, Courtney R Lincoln, Kaitlin M Flannery, Ashley Trinh
This study examined the temporal relation between self-competence (academic, social, athletic, physical appearance, and close friend) and depressive symptoms in a large, diverse community sample of 636 adolescents. Surveys were administered to all 10th- and 11th-grade students at participating high schools at baseline (mean age = 16.10, SD = .71) and 1 year later. Girls reported higher levels of self-competence in close friendships and more depressive symptoms, whereas boys reported higher levels of self-competence in athletics and physical appearance...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
G van den Brink, L Stapersma, L E Vlug, D Rizopolous, A G Bodelier, H van Wering, P C W M Hurkmans, R J L Stuyt, D M Hendriks, J A T van der Burg, E M W J Utens, J C Escher
BACKGROUND: Youths with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at risk for developing anxiety and depressive symptoms with a reported 20%-50% prevalence rate. AIMS: This prospective study aimed to: (1) describe the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depressive symptoms in a large Dutch cohort of young IBD patients, and (2) identify demographic and clinical risk factors for anxiety and depression. METHODS: IBD patients (n = 374; 10-25 years) were screened for anxiety, depression and quality of life using validated age-specific questionnaires...
June 13, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Catharina Elizabeth Myburgh, Leoné Malan, Annemarie Wentzel, Jacobus De Wet Scheepers, Nicolaas Theodor Malan
BACKGROUND: Defensive coping (DefS) was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) susceptibility in Blacks. Whether coping strategies will associate with sub-clinical left ventricular hypertrophy (electrocardiographic-left ventricular hypertrophy [ECG-LVH] or Cornell product), cardiomyocyte injury and blood pressure (BP), is unclear. Therefore, we assessed relationships between ECG-LVH, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and 24-hour BP in bi-ethnic groups when habitually utilising a certain coping style, and these groups when having a stress-related cTnT cut-point of 4...
May 31, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Marieke S Velema, Jannie M Terlouw, Aline H de Nooijer, Marjan D Nijkamp, Nele Jacobs, Jaap Deinum
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is an increasingly identified cause of secondary hypertension. PA can be caused by an aldosterone-producing adenoma or by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, generally treated by adrenalectomy or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, respectively. Recent studies suggest that PA is associated with more psychological symptoms and lower levels of well-being. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between subtype of PA and psychological symptoms and well-being after specific treatment...
June 12, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Daniela Krause, Theresa M Stapf, Verena B Kirnich, Anika Hennings, Sabine Riemer, Agnieszka Chrobok, Daniel R Fries, Francisco Pedrosa Gil, Winfried Rief, Markus J Schwarz, Ralf Schmidmaier
OBJECTIVE: Cellular immune status in major depression (MD) patients differs from that in somatoform disorder (SFD) patients and healthy controls (HC). It is still questionable whether the patterns of immune parameters remain stable over time. Therefore, we studied lymphocyte and monocyte cell counts and neopterin levels in peripheral blood of MD and SFD patients and HC over 12 weeks and tested for correlations between biochemical and psychometric parameters. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with MD, 27 with SFD, and 51 HC were recruited...
June 12, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
Pil Højgaard, Christine Ballegaard, René Cordtz, Kristian Zobbe, Marianne Clausen, Bente Glintborg, Lars Erik Kristensen, Lene Dreyer
Objective: We aimed to investigate gender differences in disease manifestations, patient-reported outcomes, comorbidities and treatment effectiveness among patients with PsA treated with their first TNFα inhibitor (TNFI). Methods: In this observational cohort study, the DANBIO register provided prospectively collected data on PsA patients who initiated their first TNFI in 2000-15. Comorbidity information was achieved from the Danish Nationwide Patient Register...
June 9, 2018: Rheumatology
Sarah B Andrea, Lynne C Messer, Miguel Marino, Janne Boone-Heinonen
Precarious work is concentrated in the service industry in the United States and is a risk factor for poor mental health. Service occupations in which workers receive tips are potentially more precarious due to unstable schedule, income, and lack of benefits. We tested hypotheses that individuals working in tipped service occupations have greater odds of experiencing poor mental health (self-reported depression, sleep problems, and/or greater perceived stress) relative to individuals in untipped service and non-service occupations using cross-sectional data from the National Longitudinal study of Adolescent to Adult Health dataset (Wave IV:2007-2008; age 24-33 years)...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Annalijn I Conklin, Christopher A Yao, Christopher G Richardson
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to sleep deprivation may increase the risk of depression in young people who are particularly vulnerable to changes in sleep and mental health. Sleep deprivation and incident depression may also differ by gender. We investigated the prospective association between cumulative sleep deprivation and subsequent levels of depressive symptomatology among adolescents from a gender perspective. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 3071 young people in the British Columbia Adolescent Substance Use Survey (BASUS) cohort with three sleep time and two depression measures over 12 months (2011-12)...
June 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
E Kjelby, R Gjestad, I Sinkeviciute, R A Kroken, E-M Løberg, H A Jørgensen, E Johnsen
Depression is common in schizophrenia and associated with negative outcomes. Previous studies have identified heterogeneity in treatment response in schizophrenia. We aimed to investigate different trajectories of depression in patients suffering from psychosis and predictors of change in depressive symptoms during antipsychotic treatment. Two hundred and twenty-six patients >18 years acutely admitted due to psychosis were consecutively included and the follow-up was 27 weeks. The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) sum score was the primary outcome...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Tina Mallon, Annette Ernst, Christian Brettschneider, Hans-Helmut König, Tobias Luck, Susanne Röhr, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Edelgard Mösch, Dagmar Weeg, Angela Fuchs, Michael Pentzek, Luca Kleineidam, Kathrin Heser, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Wolfgang Maier, Birgitt Wiese, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pain is very common in the oldest age group. Managing pain successfully is a key topic in primary care, especially within the ageing population. Different care settings might have an impact on the prevalence of pain and everyday life. METHODS: Participants from the German longitudinal cohort study on Needs, Health Service Use, Costs and Health-related Quality of Life in a large Sample of Oldest-old Primary Care Patients (85+) (AgeQualiDe) were asked to rate their severity of pain as well as the impairment with daily activities...
June 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Laurel M Hicks, Carolyn J Dayton, Bryan G Victor
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is reported in 15-20% of women (Marcus, 2009), 8-16% of men (Paulson and Bazemore, 2010) and low-SES, diverse populations are particularly at risk (Sareen, 2011). Trauma symptoms are commonly comorbid with depression, especially when individuals are exposed to risk factors such as community violence and poverty (Kastello et al., 2015; WenzGross et al., 2016). Parental mental illness places infants at risk for negative outcomes (Junge et al., 2016). Evidence supports that dispositional mindfulness is linked to mental health in many populations, however, a gap lies in the understanding of the relationship between mindfulness, trauma and depression in risk-exposed, pregnant populations, especially with fathers...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal relationship between BMI and depressive symptoms is not well understood. Therefore, we aimed at investigating the long-term association between body-mass-index (BMI) and depressive symptoms among older Germans. METHODS: Data were derived from a population-based longitudinal study of adults aged 40 and above in Germany (German Ageing Survey, DEAS). Four waves (2002-2014) were used. Depressive symptoms was assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Pedro Villanueva, Alfonso Arteaga, Javier Fernández-Montalvo
OBJECTIVES: The main goals of this study were to determine the prevalence rate of suicidal ideation among callers to a Spanish telephone helpline (Teléfono de la Esperanza) and to identify gender-based characteristics and risk factors related to suicidal ideation. METHOD: A sample of 10,765 (6,868 men and 3,897 women) callers to this telephone helpline was assessed. ATENSIS, an assessment tool designed to collect information related to suicidal ideation among callers to telephone helplines, was used...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Patricia de Santisteban, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
The purpose of this study was to analyze the temporal and reciprocal relationships between depression and online child sexual victimization, including both online sexual solicitations and interactions of minors with adults. Gender differences in these relationships were also examined. A total of 1,504 adolescents (52.4 percent girls; mean age = 13.11; SD = 0.79) completed measures at T1 and at T2, 1 year apart. The relationship among variables was analyzed using structural equation modeling. The prevalence for sexual solicitation and interactions was 7...
June 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Jiayue He, Xue Zhong, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used in research and clinical settings for screening of depression. The current study aimed to examine the best-fit factor structure model of the GDS among Chinese elders and to evaluate the measurement invariance of the GDS across genders. METHODS: Participants included 1,553 elderly residents from the Hunan, Shandong, and Beijing provinces. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted in tandem to determine the structure of the GDS on a large scale...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Catherine S Wilson, Stephanie L Nassar, Lisa Ottomanelli, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh
PURPOSE: Little is known about gender differences in depression among veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI). Accordingly, the main objectives of this study were (a) to examine demographic and clinical characteristics of veterans with SCI; (b) to investigate gender differences in lifetime depression and depressive symptom severity, including probable major depressive disorder (MDD); and (c) to identify contributory factors (e.g., pain, life satisfaction) for gender differences in depression...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
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