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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913223/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-beyond-the-liver
#1
REVIEW
S Pischke, J Hartl, S D Pas, A W Lohse, B C Jacobs, A A van der Eijk
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are not limited to the liver but may also affect other organs. Several diseases, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy, glomerulonephritis, cryoglobulinemia, pancreatitis, lymphoma, thrombopenia, meningitis, thyreoiditis and myocarditis have been observed in the context of hepatitis E. To date the definite pathophysiological links between HEV and extrahepatic manifestations are not yet established. However, it is suggested that HEV-infection might be causative based on serological studies, case series, in vitro data and animal models...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910780/naringenin-ameliorates-doxorubicin-toxicity-and-hypoxic-condition-in-dalton-s-lymphoma-ascites-tumor-mouse-model-evidence-from-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Venkatesan Kathiresan, Swathika Subburaman, Arun Venkatesh Krishna, Mathivanan Natarajan, Gandhidasan Rathinasamy, Kumaresan Ganesan, Murugesan Ramachandran
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a well-known cytotoxic agent used extensively as a chemotherapeutic drug to eradicate a wide variety of human cancers. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress during DOX treatment can induce cardiac, renal, and hepatic toxicities, which can constrain its use as a potential cytotoxic agent. The present work investigates the antioxidant potential of naringenin (NAR) against DOXinduced toxicities of a Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) tumor-bearing mouse model. Mice were randomized into four groups: a negative control, positive control, DOX (2...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891533/screening-for-cancer-in-persons-living-with-hiv-infection
#3
James J Goedert, H Dean Hosgood, Robert J Biggar, Howard D Strickler, Charles S Rabkin
Survival with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has greatly improved due to effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). As infectious complications have declined, malignancy now accounts for over one-third of deaths among people living with HIV (PLWH). Based on practices in the general population, cancer screening of PLWH can decrease both morbidity and mortality. In this article, we review and consider directed approaches for colorectal, breast, cervical and lung cancer screening. Furthermore, routine physical examinations may detect lymphomas and skin, anal and oral cancers...
August 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890169/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-rheumatic-diseases-the-impact-of-direct-acting-antiviral-agents
#4
REVIEW
Patrice Cacoub, Cloé Commarmond, David Sadoun, Anne Claire Desbois
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with liver and extrahepatic complications, including B-cell lymphoma, cardiovascular and kidney diseases, glucose metabolism impairment and rheumatic conditions ie, arthralgia, myalgia, cryoglobulinemia vasculitis, sicca syndrome and the production of autoantibodies. The treatment has long been based on interferon alpha (IFN) that was found poorly effective, and contraindicated in many autoimmune/inflammatory disorders because of possible exacerbation of rheumatic disorders...
February 2017: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889539/pharmacodynamics-of-s-dimethylarsino-glutathione-a-putative-metabolic-intermediate-of-inorganic-arsenic-in-mice
#5
Ayaka Kato, Yayoi Kobayashi, Osamu Udagawa, Seishiro Hirano
Inorganic arsenicals are well-known carcinogens, whereas arsenite (iAs(III)) compounds are now recognized as potent therapeutic agents for several leukemias, and arsenic trioxide has been used for the treatment of recurrent acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). However, recent clinical trials revealed that arsenite is not always effective for non-APL malignancies. Another arsenical, S-dimethylarsino-glutathione ([DMA(III)(GS)]), which is a putative metabolic intermediate in the hepatic metabolism of iAs(III), shows promise for treating several types of lymphoma...
November 23, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857838/hyponatraemia-secondary-to-nivolumab-induced-primary-adrenal-failure
#6
Harris Trainer, Paul Hulse, Claire E Higham, Peter Trainer, Paul Lorigan
: Checkpoint inhibitors, such as ipilimumab and pembrolizumab, have transformed the prognosis for patients with advanced malignant melanoma and squamous non-small-cell lung cancer, and their use will only expand as experience is gained in a variety of other malignancies, for instance, renal and lymphoma. As the use of checkpoint inhibitors increases, so too will the incidence of their unique side effects, termed immune-related adverse events (irAEs), which can affect dermatological, gastrointestinal, hepatic, endocrine and other systems...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843428/a-rare-case-of-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-infiltrative-b-cell-lymphoma
#7
Adrienne Lenhart, Juan Fernandez-Castillo, Keith Mullins, Reena Salgia
Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834940/high-prevalence-of-viral-hepatitis-in-a-series-of-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphomas-from-romania
#8
B Fetica, B Pop, M L Blaga, A Fulop, D Dima, M T Zdrenghea, C I Vlad, A S Bojan, P Achimas-Cadariu, C I Lisencu, A Irimie, D D Weisenburger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833448/a-possible-link-between-the-epstein-barr-virus-infection-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Anna Dittfeld, Katarzyna Gwizdek, Marek Michalski, Romuald Wojnicz
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpesvirus 4, is a member of the Herpesviridae virus family. EBV infection can cause infectious mononucleosis (IM) in the lytic phase of EBV's life cycle. Past EBV infection is associated with lymphomas, and may also result in certain allergic and autoimmune diseases. Although potential mechanisms of autoimmune diseases have not been clearly elucidated, both genetic and environmental factors, such as infectious agents, are considered to be responsible for their development...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824869/maternal-smoking-and-the-risk-of-cancer-in-early-life-a-meta-analysis
#10
Isabell Katharina Rumrich, Matti Viluksela, Kirsi Vähäkangas, Mika Gissler, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Otto Hänninen
BACKGROUND: In spite of the well-known harmful effects on the fetus, many women continue smoking during pregnancy. Smoking as an important source of toxic chemicals may contribute to the developmental origin of diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to pursue the possible association between maternal smoking and cancer in early life. Specifically, we wanted to identify the associated early life cancer types, and to quantify the associations. METHODS: In a systematic literature search 825 articles were identified in PubMed and Web of Science, and 55 more through the reference lists...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822455/burden-of-cancers-attributable-to-infectious-agents-in-nigeria-2012-2014
#11
Michael Odutola, Elima E Jedy-Agba, Eileen O Dareng, Emmanuel Aja Oga, Festus Igbinoba, Theresa Otu, Emmanuel Ezeome, Ramatu Hassan, Clement A Adebamowo
INTRODUCTION: Infections by certain viruses, bacteria, and parasites have been identified as risk factors for some cancers. In Nigeria, like many other developing countries, infections remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. While there are data on the incidence of different cancers in Nigeria, there has been no study of cancers attributable to infections. This study was carried out to determine the burden of cancers attributable to infections using data from two population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) in Nigeria...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821099/chronic-hepatitis-infection-is-associated-with-extrahepatic-cancer-development-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#12
Abram Bunya Kamiza, Fu-Hsiung Su, Wen-Chang Wang, Fung-Chang Sung, Shih-Ni Chang, Chih-Ching Yeh
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the major causes of chronic hepatitis infection (CHI). This longitudinal cohort study investigated the association of CHI with hepatic and extrahepatic cancer development in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients with HBV infection and HCV infection were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) for determining the association between CHI and cancer development...
November 8, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807552/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-of-the-sigmoid-colon-discovered-on-routine-screening-colonoscopy-in-patient-with-hepatitis-c-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#13
Rajiv Bhuta, Michael Bromberg, Ashish Bains, Ron Schey
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is predominantly found in the stomach. Rarely, it is found in the proximal colon and even less so in the sigmoid colon. We present a rare case of primary sigmoid colon MALT lymphoma in a patient with concomitant Helicobacter pylori and hepatitis C infection. We also review current imaging, staging, and therapeutic modalities. To our knowledge, this is the first sigmoid colon MALT lymphoma reported in the United States.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807255/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-protects-against-hepatic-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-and-apoptotic-cell-death
#14
Eunyoung Tak, Gil-Chun Park, Seok-Hwan Kim, Dae Young Jun, Jooyoung Lee, Shin Hwang, Gi-Won Song, Sung-Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol source in green tea, against hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion injury in mice. METHODS: The partial hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion injury model was created by employing the hanging-weight method in C57BL/6 male mice. EGCG (50 mg/kg) was administered via an intraperitoneal injection 45 min before performing the reperfusion. A number of markers of inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis and liver injury were measured after the ischaemia-reperfusion injury had been induced...
November 1, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805526/histologic-changes-in-bone-marrow-biopsies-from-liver-transplant-patients
#15
Pelin Börcek, Binnaz Handan Özdemir, Çiğdem Sercan, Eda Yılmaz Akçay, Sema Karakuş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant may complicated by various hematologic conditions, resulting in indication for bone marrow biopsy. Immunosuppressive therapies, specific infections, and secondary neoplasms affect bone marrow. In the present study, we evaluated the histologic spectrum of bone marrow findings in liver allograft recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 338 patients who received liver transplants and were followed at the Başkent University, Faculty of Medicine, 44 patients underwent bone marrow biopsy...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803769/hepatitis-c-and-double-hit-b-cell-lymphoma-successfully-treated-by-antiviral-therapy
#16
Giovanni Galati, Lorenzo Rampa, Umberto Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Mirella Marino, Francesco Pisani, Carlo Cota, Alessandro Guidi, Antonio Picardi
B cells lymphoma is one of the most challenging extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recently, a new kind of B-cell lymphoma, named double-hit B (DHL), was characterized with an aggressive clinical course whereas a potential association with HCV was not investigated. The new antiviral direct agents (DAAs) against HCV are effective and curative in the majority of HCV infections. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of DHL and HCV-infection successfully treated by new DAAs. According to our experience, a DHL must be suspected in case of HCV-related lymphoma, and an early diagnosis could direct towards a different hematological management because a worse prognosis might be expected...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797846/primary-hepatic-burkitt-s-lymphoma-as-first-manifestation-of-hiv-aids-in-a-hepatitis-b-seropositive-adult-when-defences-fail
#17
Antonio Jose Reyes, Kanterpersad Ramcharan, Samuel Aboh, Wesley Greaves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797254/hepatitis-c-virus-associations-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-insights-on-in-ammation-angiogenesis-and-cd-markers
#18
Eman A El-Maadawy, Roba M Talaat, Rawia F Sadek, Sherif M El-Sherbini, Naser Abdel-Bary, Amal A Abdel-Aziz
We aimed to investigate any association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the view of cytokines that control in ammation/angiogenesis and their correlation with certain CD markers. NHL patients with or without HCV infection were studied. CD5, CD30, CD3, CD20 and CD45 were immunohistochemically evaluated. Plasma levels of vascular endothelial and platelet derived growth factors (VEGF, and PDGF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), transforming growth factor (TGF-β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-4, IL-12 and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795508/update-on-the-use-of-fdg-pet-ct-in-malignant-lymphoma
#19
Takashi Terauchi
This article aims to explain the current status of FDG-PET/CT in malignant lymphoma management by reviewing the new recommendations for evaluation, staging, and response assessment in patients with malignant lymphoma, published as the Lugano Classification in 2014. FDG-PET/CT was formally incorporated into standard staging for FDG-avid lymphoma in this new classification. Nearly all subtypes of malignant lymphoma are FDG-avid. In staging, the increased FDG uptake compatible with lymphoma is considered to represent involvement of lymphoma, regardless of size, and the FDG-avid lesion is potentially a good biopsy target...
2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793940/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-as-potential-targets-for-carcinogenic-activity-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-a-computational-perspective
#20
Ishfaq Ahmad Sheikh, Arwa Abu Khweek, Mohd Amin Beg
BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environment-contaminating synthetic chemicals that have been associated with increased risk of hepatic cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and cancer of many other body organs. Structural binding analyses of PCB 77 and PCB 118 with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα, PPARβ/δ and PPARγ) was performed to predict the association of PCBs with potential disruption of PPAR signaling pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crystal structures of human PPARα, PPARβ/δ and PPARγ were obtained from the Protein Data Bank...
November 2016: Anticancer Research
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