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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103650/thyroid-cancer-after-hysterectomy-on-benign-indications-findings-from-an-observational-cohort-study-in-sweden
#1
Henrik Falconer, Li Yin, Rino Bellocco, Daniel Altman
To investigate the association between hysterectomy and thyroid cancer subtypes based on histopathology. We did a nationwide, population-based, cohort study from 1973 to 2009 in Sweden. We identified as our study population all women above 18 years of age during the period between January 1, 1973 and December 31, 2009 from the Register of Population (n= 5.704,202) Individual case ascertainment of primary thyroid cancer subtypes were restricted to 1993-2009 based on histological pathologic-anatomical-diagnosis from the Cancer Register...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103080/organization-of-bbmri-pl-the-polish-biobanking-network
#2
Małgorzata Witoń, Dominik Strapagiel, Joanna Gleńska-Olender, Anna Chróścicka, Katarzyna Ferdyn, Jarosław Skokowski, Leszek Kalinowski, Jakub Pawlikowski, Błażej Marciniak, Markus Pasterk, Agnieszka Matera-Witkiewicz, Łukasz Kozera
In Poland storage of human biological samples takes place at most universities and scientific institutions conducting research projects in the field of biomedicine. The First International Biobanking Conference organized by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in 2014 shed a light on the situation of Polish biobanking infrastructures. The country has around 40 large biorepositories, which store unique biological material such as whole brains, muscle fibers from patients with rare diseases, as well as thousands of samples from patients with lifestyle diseases...
January 19, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103079/adhd-treatment-in-primary-care
#3
Tanya S Hauck, Cindy Lau, Laura Li Foa Wing, Paul Kurdyak, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of youth with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Ontario, Canada, and to determine the predictors of psychotropic medication prescriptions in youth with ADHD. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart abstraction of more than 250 000 medical records from youth aged 1 to 24 years in a large geographical region in Ontario, Canada, linked to population-based health administrative data...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#4
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102928/reduction-in-colposcopy-workload-and-associated-clinical-activity-following-hpv-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-scotland-an-ecological-study
#5
M E Cruickshank, J Pan, S C Cotton, K Kavanagh, C Robertson, K Cuschieri, H Cubie, T Palmer, K G Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To measure patterns of clinical activity at colposcopy before and after vaccinated women entered the Scottish Cervical Screening Programme (SCSP). DESIGN: Population-based observational study using nationally collected data. SETTING: Scottish colposcopy clinics. SAMPLE: All women with a date of birth on or after 1 January 1985 who attended colposcopy in Scotland between 2008-2014. METHODS: Routinely collected data from the Scottish National Colposcopy Clinical Information Audit System (NCCIAS) was extracted, including: referral criteria, referral cervical cytology, colposcopic findings, clinical procedures and histology results...
January 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102909/the-effects-of-hospital-characteristics-on-delays-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-in-appalachian-communities-a-population-based-study
#6
Christopher J Louis, Jonathan R Clark, Marianne M Hillemeier, Fabian Camacho, Nengliang Yao, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: Despite being generally accepted that delays in diagnosing breast cancer are of prognostic and psychological concern, the influence of hospital characteristics on such delays remains poorly understood, especially in rural and underserved areas. However, hospital characteristics have been tied to greater efficiency and warrant further investigation as they may have implications for breast cancer care in these areas. METHODS: Study data were derived from the Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, and Pennsylvania state central cancer registries (2006-2008)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102889/a-population-based-study-examining-injury-in-older-adults-with-and-without-dementia
#7
Lynn B Meuleners, Michelle B Hobday
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for injuries in older adults with and without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Western Australian Data Linkage System (WADLS). PARTICIPANTS: Cases included 29,671 (47.9%) older adults aged 50 and older with an index hospital admission for dementia between 2001 and 2011. Comparison participants without dementia included a random sample of 32,277 (52...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102748/mini-review-changes-in-the-incidence-of-and-progression-to-proliferative-and-sight-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy-over-the-last-30-years
#8
Gerald Liew, Vincent W Wong, I-Van Ho
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. The last 3 decades have seen major improvements in glycemic and blood pressure control as well as the introduction of national screening programs, and we sought to determine if rates of proliferative diabetic retinopathy have changed as a result. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether the incidence and progression rates of proliferative diabetic retinopathy and sight-threatening retinopathy have changed, focusing on large population-based studies with objective assessment of diabetic retinopathy...
January 19, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102720/do-racial-differences-exist-in-the-association-between-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-and-breast-cancer-risk
#9
Li-Te Lin, Li-Yu Hu, Pei-Ling Tang, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Jiin-Tsuey Cheng, Wei-Chun Huang, Hong-Tai Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies investigating the relationship between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and breast cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. Unlike numerous Western studies, studies have reported that PIH may be a risk factor for breast cancer in Western Asian women. To confirm these results, we designed a retrospective population-based cohort study to assess the relationship between PIH and subsequent risk for breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PIH were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), and a 1:4 matched cohort of women without PIH based on age and the year of delivery was randomly selected from the same database as the comparison group...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102526/hormonal-and-reproductive-factors-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer
#10
Anita Koushik, Anne Grundy, Michal Abrahamowicz, Jocelyne Arseneau, Lucy Gilbert, Walter H Gotlieb, Julie Lacaille, Anne-Marie Mes-Masson, Marie-Élise Parent, Diane M Provencher, Lesley Richardson, Jack Siemiatycki
PURPOSE: Hormone-related factors have been associated with ovarian cancer, the strongest being parity and oral contraceptive use. Given reductions in birth rates and increases in oral contraceptive use over time, associations in more recent birth cohorts may differ. Furthermore, consideration of ovarian cancer heterogeneity (i.e., Type I/II invasive cancers) may contribute to a better understanding of etiology. We examined hormone-related factors in relation to ovarian cancer risk overall, for Type I and Type II cancers, as well as borderline tumors...
January 19, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102457/prevalence-of-vertebral-fracture-and-densitometric-osteoporosis-in-spanish-adult-men-the-camargo-cohort-study
#11
José M Olmos, José L Hernández, Josefina Martínez, Emilio Pariente, Jesús Castillo, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Jesús González-Macías
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of densitometric osteoporosis and vertebral fractures in Spanish men aged ≥50 years, and to study how the relationship between them may change depending on how osteoporosis is diagnosed. A community-based population of 1003 men aged ≥50 years was studied. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DXA at the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip. Vertebral fractures were assessed by lateral thoracic and lumbar spine radiographs. The prevalence of osteoporosis was estimated with both the World Health Organization (WHO) (T-score of <-2...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102402/brillouin-flow-cytometry-for-label-free-mechanical-phenotyping-of-the-nucleus
#12
Jitao Zhang, Xuefei A Nou, Hanyoup Kim, Giuliano Scarcelli
The mechanical properties of the nucleus are closely related to many cellular functions; thus, measuring nuclear mechanical properties is crucial to our understanding of cell biomechanics and could lead to intrinsic biophysical contrast mechanisms to classify cells. Although many technologies have been developed to characterize cell stiffness, they generally require contact with the cell and thus cannot provide direct information on nuclear mechanical properties. In this work, we developed a flow cytometry technique based on an all-optical measurement to measure nuclear mechanical properties by integrating Brillouin spectroscopy with microfluidics...
January 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102092/survival-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-constructed-after-colectomy-or-secondary-to-a-previous-ileorectal-anastomosis-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Kalle Landerholm, Maie Abdalla, Pär Myrelid, Roland E Andersson
OBJECTIVES: Ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) affects bowel function, sexual function and reproduction less negatively than ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA), the standard reconstruction after colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). In younger UC patients, IRA may have a role postponing pelvic surgery and IPAA. The aim of the present study was to investigate the survival of IPAA secondary to IRA compared to IPAA as primary reconstruction, as this has not previously been studied in UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with UC diagnosis between 1960 and 2010 in Sweden were identified from the National Patient Registry...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101793/substance-use-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-dangerous-but-understudied-combination
#14
REVIEW
Kimberly N Walter, Julie A Wagner, Eda Cengiz, William V Tamborlane, Nancy M Petry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews research on substance use and disorders (SUDs) among adults with diabetes. It describes epidemiological data on SUDs in persons with type 2 diabetes, overviews effects of substance use on diabetes outcomes, and discusses treatments for SUDs in patients with diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of current smoking range from 10 to 26% and alcohol use disorders are 0-5%. Rates of illicit SUDs are 3-4%, but there are no population-based studies using nationally representative samples...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101759/trends-in-modification-of-smoking-behaviors-among-pregnant-women-in-west-virginia
#15
Ilana R Azulay Chertok, Zelalem T Haile
Background Rates of smoking among pregnant women in West Virginia are higher than national prenatal smoking rates. Recent research has pointed to the benefit of smoking reduction among a sample of pregnant women who participated in a clinical study in West Virginia. The purpose of the current study is to examine trends associated with reduced smoking exposure among a representative sample of pregnant women in the state. Method Secondary data analysis was conducted using de-identified weighted PRAMS 2005-2010 data from West Virginia examining factors associated with favorable change in prenatal smoking behavior, either quitting or reducing smoking in pregnancy...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101668/results-of-a%C3%A2-population-based-assessment-we-need-better-communication-and-more-profound-patient-involvement
#16
Gerald Sendlhofer, Gudrun Pregartner, Karina Leitgeb, Magdalena Hoffmann, Andrea Berghold, Christian Smolle, Gernot Brunner, Lars Peter Kamolz
BACKGROUND: In Austria several regulations were published in order to support initiatives to increase patient safety. Since then, many patient safety projects were implemented in Austrian hospitals; therefore, it was the aim of the current survey to examine the perceptions of Austrian citizens with respect to topics relevant to patient safety. METHODS: Between 8 and 22 October 2015 a qualitative cross-sectional telephone interview study was performed. A sample of citizens above 14 years of age was randomly drawn...
January 18, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101325/role-of-psilocybin-in-the-treatment-of-depression
#17
Ananya Mahapatra, Rishi Gupta
Psilocybin is a naturally occurring alkaloid, pharmacologically similar to the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Although primarily used as a recreational drug or an entheogen in particular cultural settings, recent population based studies have shown that it does not lead to serious physical or mental health problems or dependent use. In view of recent work demonstrating psilocybin's potential to increase subjective sense of wellbeing and because of its novel mechanism of 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonism, it is being explored for possible therapeutic utility in mood and anxiety disorders...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100595/determinants-of-viral-oncogenes-e6-e7-mrna-over-expression-in-a-population-based-large-sample-of-women-infected-by-high-risk-hpv-types
#18
Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Simonetta Bisanzi, Elena Allia, Alessandra Mongia, Francesca Carozzi, Anna Gillio-Tos, Laura De Marco, Guglielmo Ronco, Daniela Gustinucci, Annarosa Del Mistro, Helena Frayle, Anna Iossa, Giulia Fantacci, Giampaolo Pompei, Elena Cesarini, Simonetta Bulletti, Basilio Passamonti, Martina Rizzi, Maria Gabriella Penon, Alessandra Barca, Maria Benevolo
Cervical cancer screening by HPV-DNA testing with cytology triage is more effective than cytology testing. Compared to cytology, the HPV-DNA test higher sensitivity, that allows better protection with longer intervals, makes it necessary to triage the women with a positive result to compensate its lower specificity.We are conducting a large randomized clinical trial (New Technologies for Cervical Cancer 2, NTCC2) within organized population-based screening programs in Italy using HPV-DNA as primary screening test, to evaluate, by Aptima HPV Assay (Hologic), HPV E6-E7 mRNA as triage test in comparison to cytology...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100563/effect-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-remoteness-and-indigenous-status-on-hospital-usage-for-western-australian-preterm-infants-under-12%C3%A2-months-of-age-a-population-based-data-linkage-study
#19
Natalie A Strobel, Sue Peter, Kimberley E McAuley, Daniel R McAullay, Rhonda Marriott, Karen M Edmond
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to determine the incidence of hospital admission and emergency department presentation in Indigenous and non-Indigenous preterm infants aged postdischarge from birth admission to 11 months in Western Australia. Secondary objectives were to assess incidence in the poorest infants from remote areas and to determine the primary causes of hospital usage in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective population-based linked data set. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All preterm babies born in Western Australia during 2010 and 2011...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100387/-economic-burden-of-esophageal-cancer-in-china-from-1996-to-2015-a-systematic-review
#20
L W Guo, C L Shi, H Y Huang, L Wang, X P Yue, S Z Liu, J Li, K Su, M Dai, X B Sun, J F Shi
Objective: To explore existing evidence of economic burden of esophageal cancer in China over the past 20 years. Methods: Based on PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang, literatures published from 1996 to 2015 were retrieved with the key words such as " economic burden" , "cost of illness" and so on. Then the information excerpted from those literatures were analyzed after several exclusionary procedures for non-esophageal cancer related literatures. The information about subjects and data source, methodology, main results were structurally abstracted and then analyzed...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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