keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Population-based

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#1
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149339/human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-increases-the-risk-of-incident-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#2
Yung-Feng Yen, Yu-Ching Lan, Chun-Teng Huang, I-An Jen, Marcelo Chen, Chun-Yuan Lee, Pei-Hung Chuang, Yun Lee, Donalde E Morisky, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen
Background: Currently, the association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and subsequent development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) remains unclear. This nationwide population-based cohort study aimed to determine the association between incident AIHA and HIV infection in Taiwan. Methods: During 2000-2012, we identified people aged ≧15 years living with HIV (PLWH) from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control HIV Surveillance System. Individuals were considered to be infected with HIV on the basis of positive results of an HIV type 1 Western blot...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149259/pancreatic-cancer-incidence-trends-evidence-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-population-based-data
#3
Vanessa L Gordon-Dseagu, Susan S Devesa, Michael Goggins, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
Background: Annual pancreatic cancer incidence rates have been increasing. We examine pancreatic cancer incidence trends by demographics and histologic type. Methods: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries were available to assess temporal trends and pancreatic cancer rates from 1974 to 2013. Results: Pancreatic cancer incidence rates declined between the 1970s and 1990s but increased from 1994 to 2013 among White males...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149255/conjoint-associations-of-gestational-diabetes-and-hypertension-with-diabetes-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-parents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Romina Pace, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Sara Meltzer, Elham Rahme, Kaberi Dasgupta
The conjoint association of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational hypertension (GH) with cardiometabolic disease has not been well studied. We evaluated a combined GDM/GH risk indicator in both mothers and fathers because of shared spousal behaviors and environments. In the present population-based retrospective cohort study, GH was identified in matched pairs of mothers with GDM or without GDM (matched on age group, health region, and year of delivery) who had singleton live births in Quebec, Canada (1990-2007)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149251/parental-age-and-risk-of-lymphoid-neoplasms
#5
Gunnar Larfors, Ingrid Glimelius, Sandra Eloranta, Karin E Smedby
High parental age at childbirth has repeatedly been linked to childhood malignancies, while few studies have focused on the offspring's risk of adult cancer. In this population-based case-control study, we identified 32,000 patients with lymphoid neoplasms, diagnosed at ages 0-79 years during the period 1987-2011, and 160,000 matched controls in Sweden. Using prospectively registered data on their first-degree relatives, we evaluated the impact of parental age on the risk of lymphoid neoplasms by subtype. Overall, each 5-year increment in maternal age was associated with a 3% increase in incidence of offspring lymphoid neoplasms (hazard ratio = 1...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149179/postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-stroke-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-population-based-cohort-studies
#6
Germán D Carrasquilla, Paolo Frumento, Anita Berglund, Christer Borgfeldt, Matteo Bottai, Chiara Chiavenna, Mats Eliasson, Gunnar Engström, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Patrik K Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Alicja Wolk, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates a favourable influence of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) if initiated early, but not late, on subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the clinical relevance of timing of HT initiation for hard end points such as stroke remains to be determined. Further, no previous research has considered the timing of initiation of HT in relation to haemorrhagic stroke risk. The importance of the route of administration, type, active ingredient, and duration of HT for stroke risk is also unclear...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148402/incidence-and-prevalence-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-methodologic-challenges-and-gaps-in-the-literature
#7
Rhonda Bohn, Maureen Cooney, Atul Deodhar, Jeffrey R Curtis, Amanda Golembesky
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and prevalence of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic (nr-)axSpA, have been investigated in multiple populations, though there is a paucity of population-level data. Here, we identify population-based studies in AS and nr-axSpA, and describe the methodologic challenges in conducting these, outlining potential reasons for disparate incidence and prevalence estimates. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched for population-based studies providing incidence and prevalence rates, published in English from 1 Jan 2000-30 Jun 2015...
November 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147750/the-association-between-childhood-fractures-and-adolescence-bone-outcomes-a-population-based-study-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#8
T Christoffersen, N Emaus, E Dennison, A-S Furberg, L Gracia-Marco, G Grimnes, O A Nilsen, D Vlachopoulos, A Winther, L A Ahmed
Childhood fracture may predict persistent skeletal fragility, but it may also reflect high physical activity which is beneficial to bone development. We observe a difference in the relationship between previous fracture and bone outcome across physical activity level and sex. Further elaboration on this variation is needed. PURPOSE: Childhood fracture may be an early marker of skeletal fragility, or increased levels of physical activity (PA), which are beneficial for bone mineral accrual...
November 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147639/australian-adults-behaviours-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-risk-factors-for-heart-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Erin Hoare, Bill Stavreski, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Garry L Jennings
This research aimed to determine Australian adults' perceptions of risk factors for heart disease, self-reported behaviours relating to modifiable risk factors, and knowledge of leading causes of death. This study reports on HeartWatch survey data collected between January 2015 and December 2015 in a sample of Australian adults. The setting of the research was Australian communities, with all states and territories represented in the final sample. Participants were Australian adults aged 30-59 years (n = 8425), and were representative of the wider Australian population based on key demographic and health characteristics...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147496/markov-chain-based-acute-effect-estimation-of-air-pollution-on-elder-asthma-hospitalization
#10
Li Luo, Fengyi Zhang, Wei Zhang, Lin Sun, Chunyang Li, Debin Huang, Gao Han, Bin Wang
Background: Asthma caused substantial economic and health care burden and is susceptible to air pollution. Particularly, when it comes to elder asthma patient (older than 65), the phenomenon is more significant. The aim of this study is to investigate the Markov-based acute effects of air pollution on elder asthma hospitalizations, in forms of transition probabilities. Methods: A retrospective, population-based study design was used to assess temporal patterns in hospitalizations for asthma in a region of Sichuan province, China...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147041/using-health-facility-data-to-assess-subnational-coverage-of-maternal-and-child-health-indicators-kenya
#11
Isabella Maina, Pepela Wanjala, David Soti, Hillary Kipruto, Benson Droti, Ties Boerma
Objective: To develop a systematic approach to obtain the best possible national and subnational statistics for maternal and child health coverage indicators from routine health-facility data. Methods: Our approach aimed to obtain improved numerators and denominators for calculating coverage at the subnational level from health-facility data. This involved assessing data quality and determining adjustment factors for incomplete reporting by facilities, then estimating local target populations based on interventions with near-universal coverage (first antenatal visit and first dose of pentavalent vaccine)...
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146914/cat-d-a-targeted-sequencing-method-for-the-simultaneous-detection-of-small-dna-mutations-and-large-dna-deletions-with-flexible-boundaries
#12
Ru Hong, Udita Chandola, Li-Feng Zhang
We developed a targeted DNA sequencing method that is capable of detecting a comprehensive panel of DNA mutations including small DNA mutations and large DNA deletions with unknown/flexible boundaries. The method directly identifies the large DNA deletions (Cat-D) without relying on sequencing coverage to make the genotype calls. We performed the method to simultaneously detect 10 small DNA mutations in β-thalassemia and 2 large genomic deletions in α-thalassemia from 10 genomic DNA samples. Cat-D was performed on 8 genomic DNA samples in duplicate...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146760/blepharitis-as-an-early-sign-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Chia-Yi Lee, Hung-Chi Chen, Hui-Wen Lin, Jing-Yang Huang, Shih-Chun Chao, Chao-Bin Yeh, Hung-Yu Lin, Shun-Fa Yang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between blepharitis and metabolic syndrome (MetS) by using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) of Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using data collected from the LHID for the period from 2009 to 2013. This study enrolled patients who received a diagnosis of blepharitis according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnostic code. The exclusion criteria were legal blindness, eyeball removal, ocular tumours prior to the diagnosis of blepharitis, and patients diagnosed with blepharitis and initiated antibiotic treatment concurrently...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146756/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-southwestern-island-population-of-japan-the-kumejima-study
#14
Ryo Obata, Yasuo Yanagi, Tatsuya Inoue, Miho Yasuda, Yuji Oshima, Shoichi Sawaguchi, Aiko Iwase, Makoto Araie
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of and factors associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a rural population of southwestern Japan. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study of all residents aged 40 years or older was conducted on the island of Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Of 4632 eligible residents, 3762 completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent ocular examination (participant rate, 81.2%). A non-mydriatic fundus photograph was used to grade AMD lesions according to the Wisconsin protocol...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146649/what-are-older-smokers-attitudes-to-quitting-and-how-are-they-managed-in-primary-care-an-analysis-of-the-cross-sectional-english-smoking-toolkit-study
#15
Hannah Jordan, Mira Hidajat, Nick Payne, Jean Adams, Martin White, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether age is associated with access to smoking cessation services. DESIGN: Data from the Smoking Toolkit Study 2006-2015, a repeated multiwave cross-sectional household survey (n=181 157). SETTING: England. PARTICIPANTS: Past-year smokers who participated in any of the 102 waves stratified into age groups. OUTCOME MEASURES: Amount smoked and nicotine dependency, self-reported quit attempts and use of smoking cessation interventions...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146641/menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-colorectal-cancer-a-linkage-between-nationwide-registries-in-norway
#16
Edoardo Botteri, Nathalie C Støer, Solveig Sakshaug, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Siri Vangen, Solveig Hofvind, Thomas de Lange, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Giske Ursin, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVES: With the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between menopausal hormone therapy (HT) and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). SETTING: Cohort study based on the linkage of Norwegian population-based registries. PARTICIPANTS: We selected 466822 Norwegian women, aged 55-79, alive and residing in Norway as of 1 January 2004, and we followed them from 2004 to 2008. Each woman contributed person-years at risk as non-user, current user and/or past HT user...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146635/antibiotic-use-and-bacterial-complications-following-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-a-population-based-study
#17
Thomas Cars, Irene Eriksson, Anna Granath, Björn Wettermark, Jenny Hellman, Christer Norman, Anders Ternhag
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if use of antibiotics was associated with bacterial complications following upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). DESIGN: Ecological time-trend analysis and a prospective cohort study. SETTING: Primary, outpatient specialist and inpatient care in Stockholm County, Sweden. All analyses were based on administrative healthcare data on consultations, diagnoses and dispensed antibiotics from January 2006 to January 2016...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146634/knowledge-attitudes-and-intention-regarding-mhealth-in-generation-y-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria-bangladesh
#18
M Shafiqur Rahman, Syed Hanifi, Fatema Khatun, Mohammad Iqbal, Sabrina Rasheed, Tanvir Ahmed, Shahidul Hoque, Tamanna Sharmin, Nazib-Uz Zaman Khan, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: mHealth offers a new opportunity to ensure access to qualified healthcare providers. Therefore, to better understand its potential in Bangladesh, it is important to understand how young people use mobile phones for healthcare. Here we examine the knowledge, attitudes and intentions to use mHealth services among young population. DESIGN: Population based cross sectional household survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4909 respondents, aged 18 years and above, under the Chakaria Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area, were interviewed during the period November 2012 to April 2013...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146572/cognitive-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-following-birth-before-26-weeks-of-gestation-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Dieter Wolke, Helen O'Reilly, Joan K Morris, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory of cognitive test scores from infancy to adulthood in individuals born extremely preterm compared with term-born individuals. DESIGN: A prospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: 276 maternity units in the UK and Ireland. PATIENTS: 315 surviving infants born less than 26 completed weeks of gestation recruited at birth in 1995 and 160 term-born classroom controls recruited at age 6...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146399/label-free-discrimination-analysis-of-de-differentiated-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-their-vascular-and-osteogenic-progeny-using-vibrational-spectroscopy
#20
Claire Molony, Jennifer McIntyre, Adrian Maguire, Roya Hakimjavadi, Denise Burtenshaw, Gillian Casey, Mariana Di Luca, Bryan Hennelly, Hugh J Byrne, Paul A Cahill
The accumulation of vascular smooth muscle (SMC)-like cells and stem cell-derived myogenic and osteogenic progeny contributes significantly to arteriosclerotic disease. This study established whether label-free vibrational spectroscopy can discriminate de-differentiated 'synthetic' SMCs from undifferentiated stem cells and their myogenic and osteogenic progeny in vitro, compared with conventional immunocytochemical and genetic analyses. TGF-β1- and Jagged1-induced myogenic differentiation of CD44(+)mesenchymal stem cells was confirmed in vitro by immunocytochemical analysis of specific SMC differentiation marker expression (α-actin, calponin and myosin heavy chain 11), an epigenetic histone mark (H3K4me2) at the myosin heavy chain 11 locus, promoter transactivation and mRNA transcript levels...
November 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
keyword
keyword
10193
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"