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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735503/association-between-allergic-disease-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-childhood-nocturnal-enuresis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Jeng-Dau Tsai, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Min-Sho Ku, Shan-Ming Chen, Chih-Chuan Hsu, Min-Che Tung, Che-Chen Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Ji-Nan Sheu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations between allergic disease, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE). We examined whether allergic disease and SDB were associated with childhood NE. METHODS: Data were assessed from the 2007-2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 4308 children aged 5-18 years having NE diagnosis and age- and sex-matched 4308 children as the control group. The odds ratios of NE were calculated to determine an association with preexisting allergic disease and SDB...
July 22, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735257/prognostic-factors-of-overall-survival-and-cancer-specific-survival-in-patients-with-resected-early-stage-rectal-adenocarcinoma-a-seer-based-study
#2
Ko-Chao Lee, Kuan-Chih Chung, Hong-Hwa Chen, Chia-Cheng Liu, Chien-Chang Lu
The benefits of radiotherapy for colorectal cancer are well documented, but the impact of adjuvant radiotherapy on early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma remains unclear. This study aimed to identify predictors of overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with stage II rectal adenocarcinoma treated with preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy. Patients with early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma in the postoperative state were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735149/smoking-relapse-situations-among-a-community-recruited-sample-of-spanish-daily-smokers
#3
Bárbara Piñeiro, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Úrsula Martínez, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, M Carmen Míguez, Elisardo Becoña
INTRODUCTION: Relapse is a common factor within the behavior change process. However, there is scarce and limited knowledge of smoking relapse situations in population-based samples. The aim of this study was to identify smoking relapse situations among a sample of Spanish relapsers from the general population. METHODS: A sample of 775 relapsers was recruited among the general population using a snowball method. Participants completed a survey including sociodemographic, smoking-related and psychopathology variables...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735129/predictors-of-recurrence-and-complications-after-chronic-subdural-hematoma-surgery-a-population-based-study
#4
J Bartek, K Sjåvik, H Kristiansson, F Ståhl, I Fornebo, P Förander, A S Jakola
OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of recurrence and moderate to severe complications after burr-hole surgery for chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in a Scandinavian single center population-based cohort of 759 adult cSDH patients operated with burr-hole surgery between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2010. Possible predictors of recurrence and complications, assessed using a standardized reporting system of adverse events, were identified and analyzed in univariable analyses...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734863/significant-linkage-evidence-for-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-on-chromosome-3
#5
Kristina Allen-Brady, Kerry Rowe, Melissa Cessna, Sara Lenherr, Peggy Norton
PURPOSE: Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic pelvic pain condition with unknown etiology. We hypothesized that related IC/PBS cases were more likely to have a genetic etiology. The purpose of this study was to perform a genetic linkage analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IC/PBS cases were identified using diagnostic codes linked to a population-based genealogy resource (Utah Population Database) and electronic medical records. For this analysis, 13 high-risk pedigrees (defined as having a statistical excess number of IC/PBS cases among descendants compared to matched hospital population rates) were used...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734813/incidence-and-types-of-pediatric-nystagmus
#6
David L Nash, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To report the incidence, prevalent subtypes and clinical characteristics of pediatric nystagmus diagnosed over a 30-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based study METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the medical records of all children (<19 years) diagnosed as residents in Olmsted County, Minnesota with any form of nystagmus from January 1, 1976, through December 31, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-one children were diagnosed during the 30-year period, yielding an annual incidence of 6...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734709/worldwide-fracture-prediction
#7
Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Marlene Chakhtoura, Jane A Cauley, Nariman Chamoun
The substantial increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases in general and osteoporosis in particular, necessitates the establishment of efficient and targeted diagnosis and treatment strategies. This chapter reviews and compares different tools for osteoporosis screening and diagnosis; it also provides an overview of different treatment guidelines adopted by countries worldwide. While access to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure bone mineral density (BMD) is limited in most areas in the world, the introduction of risk calculators that combine risk factors, with or without BMD, have resulted in a paradigm shift in osteoporosis screening and management...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734632/expectancy-and-achievement-gaps-in-educational-attainment-and-subsequent-adverse-health-effects-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-medical-conditions
#8
Lauren E Wisk, Elissa R Weitzman
PURPOSE: While education-based disparities in health are common, the extent to which chronic conditions contribute to education gaps and to consequent health disparities is not fully understood. As such, we sought to investigate educational aspirations, expectations, and attainment among youth with and without chronic conditions and to determine if these relationships mediated subsequent disparities in health and well-being. METHODS: Longitudinal data on 3,518 youths are from the 1997-2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734558/patient-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-follow-up-a-danish-survey
#9
Pernille Urup Ruban, Christian Nielsen Wulff, Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Mette Sandager, Anders Bonde Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine how age influences the degree to which patients with breast cancer feel comfortable with standard follow-up and to assess their satisfaction with the contact to health professionals. METHODS: Data was from a Danish population-based questionnaire survey from 2012 including adult cancer patients. 1120 patients with breast cancer returned the questionnaire (response rate: 73%). Age groups were decided before conducting analyses...
July 13, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734462/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalizations-for-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Yuichi J Shimada, Yusuke Tsugawa, Carlos A Camargo, David F M Brown, Kohei Hasegawa
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and obesity are major health problems in the United States. However, little is known about whether bariatric surgery affects AF-related morbidities. This study investigated whether bariatric surgery is associated with short-term and long-term changes in the risk of emergency department (ED) visits or hospitalizations for AF. We performed a self-controlled case series study of obese adults with AF who underwent bariatric surgery by using population-based ED and inpatient databases in California, Florida, and Nebraska from 2005 to 2011...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734263/study-of-the-influencing-factors-of-the-blood-levels-of-toxic-elements-in-africans-from-16-countries
#11
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Luis D Boada, Cristina Carranza, José Luis Pérez Arellano, Ana González-Antuña, Maira Almeida-González, Carlos Barry-Rodríguez, Manuel Zumbado, María Camacho
Africa's economy is growing faster than any other continent and it has been estimated that the middle class in Africa now exceeds 350 million people. This has meant a parallel increase in the importation of consumer goods and in the implementation of communication and information technologies (ICT), but also in the generation of large quantities of e-waste. However, inadequate infrastructure development remains a major constraint to the continent's economic growth and these highly toxic residues are not always adequately managed...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734033/genistein-and-enterolactone-in-relation-to-ki-67-expression-and-her2-status-in-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-patients
#12
Stefanie Jaskulski, Audrey Y Jung, Anja Rudolph, Theron Johnson, Kathrin Thöne, Esther Herpel, Peter Sinn, Jenny Chang-Claude
SCOPE: Phytoestrogens (PE) may improve breast cancer prognosis by modifying tumor prognostic markers, such as cell proliferation marker Ki-67 and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Epidemiological evidence linking lignans and isoflavones to Ki-67 and HER2 is limited. We examined associations between the major metabolites of lignans and isoflavones - enterolactone (ENL) and genistein (GEN) - respectively, and Ki-67 expression and HER2 in tumor tissue of breast cancer patients...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733971/the-fetal-safety-of-enoxaparin-use-during-pregnancy-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Meital Shlomo, Rafael Gorodischer, Sharon Daniel, Arnon Wiznitzer, Ilan Matok, Boris Fishman, Gideon Koren, Amalia Levy
INTRODUCTION: Enoxaparin is widely used during pregnancy as pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state; however, its fetal safety has scarcely been investigated. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to examine fetal safety following enoxaparin exposure during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based, retrospective cohort study was performed by linking computerized databases, including the drug dispensing registries of Clalit Health Services in Israel and maternal and infant hospital records, between 1998 and 2009...
July 21, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733956/amyloid-beta-and-tau-as-alzheimer-s-disease-blood-biomarkers-promise-from-new-technologies
#14
REVIEW
Lih-Fen Lue, Andre Guerra, Douglas G Walker
The utility of the levels of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide and tau in blood for diagnosis, drug development, and assessment of clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease (AD) has not been established. The lack of availability of ultra-sensitive assays is one critical issue that has impeded progress. The levels of Aβ species and tau in plasma and serum are much lower than levels in cerebrospinal fluid. Furthermore, plasma or serum contain high levels of assay-interfering factors, resulting in difficulties in the commonly used singulex or multiplex ELISA platforms...
July 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733715/clinical-performance-of-an-updated-trabecular-bone-score-tbs-algorithm-in-men-and-women-the-manitoba-bmd-cohort
#15
G I Schacter, W D Leslie, S R Majumdar, S N Morin, L M Lix, D Hans
This is the first study to directly compare the original and recently updated versions of the trabecular bone score (TBS) algorithm. We confirmed improved performance of the new algorithm, especially among men. INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) predicts major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs) and hip fractures (HFs) independent of bone density. The original TBS algorithm (version 1; [TBS-v1]) was optimized for women of average body size. Limitations were identified when used in men or extremes of body mass index (BMI)...
July 21, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733681/gestational-age-specific-sex-difference-in-mortality-and-morbidities-of-preterm-infants-a-nationwide-study
#16
So-Yeon Shim, Su Jin Cho, Kyoung Ae Kong, Eun Ae Park
This study aims to determine whether male sex has adverse effect on mortality and morbidities in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) <30 weeks of gestation and to ascertain this sex effect, stratified by gestational age, adjusting for perinatal risk factors. This is a population-based study from Korean Neonatal Network for VLBWI born at 23(+0) and 29(+6) weeks of gestation between January 2013 and December 2014. The primary outcome was gestation-specific sex difference in the occurrence of mortality, combined morbidities, and individual morbidity...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733627/decreasing-prevalence-of-dementia-in-85-year-olds-examined-22-years-apart-the-influence-of-education-and-stroke
#17
Ingmar Skoog, Anne Börjesson-Hanson, Silke Kern, Lena Johansson, Hanna Falk, Robert Sigström, Svante Östling
Individuals aged 80 years and older constitute the fastest growing segment of the population worldwide, leading to an expected increase in dementia cases. Education level and treatment of vascular risk factors has increased during the last decades. We examined whether this has influenced the prevalence of dementia according to DSM-III-R using population-based samples of 85-year-olds (N = 1065) examined with identical methods 1986-87 and 2008-10. The prevalence of dementia was 29.8% in 1986-87 and 21.7% in 2008-10 (OR 0...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733548/the-survival-benefits-of-local-surgery-in-stage-iv-breast-cancer-are-not-affected-by-breast-cancer-subtypes-a-population-based-analysis
#18
San-Gang Wu, Wen-Weng Zhang, Jia-Yuan Sun, Feng-Yan Li, Huan-Xin Lin, Juan Zhou, Zhen-Yu He
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the clinical value of local surgery in stage IV BC and determined whether the survival outcomes were affected by the breast cancer subtype (BCS). Women with de novo stage IV BC from 2010 to 2013 were included using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic factors for breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS). Among 9,256 patients were identified, 3,130 (33...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733536/do-cancer-patients-with-dementia-receive-less-aggressive-treatment-in-end-of-life-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Huei-Kai Huang, Jyh-Gang Hsieh, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Ying-Wei Wang
Dementia is a progressive, incurable disease that can deprive patients of the ability to make decisions. This study determines whether dementia influences the medical care that a cancer patient receives at the end of life. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study on patients aged ≥20 with newly diagnosed cancer during 2000-2012. After matching to reduce confounders, there were 7,111 patients with and 28,444 without dementia. The adjusted odd ratios (OR) for medical interventions, including intensive care, palliative care, invasive procedures, and advanced diagnostic testing, were calculated for the final month and three months of life by a multiple logistic regression model...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733532/cancer-risk-in-patients-with-candidiasis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Li-Min Chung, Ji-An Liang, Cheng-Li Lin, Li-Min Sun, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Candidiasis and certain types of cancer are related to immunocompromised status. This study aimed to evaluate whether Candida infection (CI) is associated with subsequent cancer risk in Taiwan. METHODS: Data from the National Health Insurance system of Taiwan were used to evaluate the association between CI and cancer risk. The CI cohort comprised 34,829 patients. Each patient was randomly frequency matched with one person from the general population without CI on the basis of age, sex, year of index date of CI diagnosis, and other characteristics to generate the control group...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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