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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526790/post-epizootic-persistence-of-asymptomatic-mycoplasma-conjunctivae-infection-in-iberian-ibex
#1
Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Oscar Cabezón, José Enrique Granados, Joachim Frey, Emmanuel Serrano, Roser Velarde, Francisco Javier Cano-Manuel, Gregorio Mentaberre, Arián Ráez-Bravo, Paulino Fandos, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera
The susceptibility of Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) to Mycoplasma conjunctivae ocular infection and the changes in their interaction over time were studied in terms of clinical outcome, molecular detection and IgG immune response in a captive population that underwent a severe infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) outbreak. Mycoplasma conjunctivae was detected for the first time in the Iberian ibexes coinciding with the IKC outbreak. Its prevalence had a decreasing trend in 2013 that was consistent with the clinical resolution (August 35...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516981/botulinum-toxin-therapy-functional-silencing-of-salivary-disorders
#2
A Lovato, D A Restivo, G Ottaviano, G Marioni, R Marchese-Ragona
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is a neurotoxic protein produced by Clostridium botulinum, an anaerobic bacterium. BTX therapy is a safe and effective treatment when used for functional silencing of the salivary glands in disorders such as sialoceles and salivary fistulae that may have a post-traumatic or post-operative origin. BTX injections can be considered in sialoceles and salivary fistulae after the failure of or together with conservative treatments (e.g. antibiotics, pressure dressings, or serial aspirations)...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516977/complications-of-traditional-and-modern-therapeutic-salivary-approaches
#3
O Nahlieli
The morbidity following traditional surgery of the salivary glands is well documented and includes postsurgical complications such as the Frey's syndrome, complete or partial facial nerve damage, facial scarring, greater auricular nerve numbness, sialocoeles and salivary fistula. The avulsion of the salivary duct, secondary strictures, gland swelling, salivary fistulas and perforations (false rout), traumatic ranulas, and the lingual nerve paraesthesia are the main endoscopy-related complications. In general, the rate of postsurgical complications after modern advanced minimally invasive surgical interventions is significantly lower compared with traditional surgery of the salivary glands...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515727/basics-of-radiation-biology-when-treating-hyperproliferative-benign-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Franz Rödel, Claudia Fournier, Julia Wiedemann, Felicitas Merz, Udo S Gaipl, Benjamin Frey, Ludwig Keilholz, M Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Claus Rödel, Stephanie Hehlgans
For decades, low- and moderate-dose radiation therapy (RT) has been shown to exert a beneficial therapeutic effect in a multitude of non-malignant conditions including painful degenerative muscoloskeletal and hyperproliferative disorders. Dupuytren and Ledderhose diseases are benign fibroproliferative diseases of the hand/foot with fibrotic nodules and fascial cords, which determine debilitating contractures and deformities of fingers/toes, while keloids are exuberant scar formations following burn damage, surgery, and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511570/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-following-corrective-osteotomy-for-distal-radius-malunion-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Cyril Gary, Ajul Shah, Jack Kanouzi, Alyssa R Golas, Jordan D Frey, Brian Le, Jacques Hacquebord, Vishal Thanik
BACKGROUND: Although median nerve neuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are known complications of both untreated and acutely treated distal radius fracture, median neuropathy after correction of distal radius malunion is not commonly reported in hand surgery literature. We describe a patient with severe CTS after corrective osteotomy, open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate (VLP), and bone grafting for distal radius malunion. METHODS: We report a case of severe acute CTS as a complication of corrective osteotomy with bone grafting for distal radius malunion...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507835/endoscopic-view-of-gastroduodenal-artery-coils-at-the-base-of-duodenal-ulcer-in-case-of-recurrent-massive-upper-gastrointestinal-bleed
#6
Rawaa Ebrahem, Salam Kadhem, John W Frey, William Salyers
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is one of the major causes of bleeding peptic ulcer disease, which is associated with serious complications; therefore, the eradication of H. pylori is essential to prevent these devastating complications. Post-treatment follow-up is crucial to guarantee the eradication of the organism and may be conducted via the urea breath test, the stool antigen test, or a gastric biopsy. Acute massive upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding is one of the most common complications of peptic ulcer disease...
April 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507468/paradoxical-effect-of-minocycline-on-established-neuropathic-pain-in-rat
#7
Malek Zarei, Masoumeh Sabetkasaei, Taraneh Moini-Zanjani
Neuropathic pain occurs after peripheral nerve damage, inflammation or infection. In this situation, microglial cells become activated and play a key role in producing pain. Minocycline (microglia inhibitor), was reported to reduce pain when used preventively. However, it seems that, when used after nerve injury, results in its pain reducing effects are different. In this regard, to assess the pain reducing differences of minocycline, neuropathic pain was induced by the ligation of the sciatic nerve in the rat which is recognized as chronic constriction injury (CCI) and minocycline was administered before and after sciatic nerve injury...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502907/neuropathic-and-inflammatory-antinociceptive-effects-and-electrocortical-changes-produced-by-salvia-divinorum-in-rats
#8
Karina Simón-Arceo, Ma Eva González-Trujano, Ulises Coffeen, Rodrigo Fernández-Mas, Francisco Mercado, Angélica Almanza, Bernardo Contreras, Orlando Jaimes, Francisco Pellicer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia divinorum Epling et Játiva-M (SD, Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used in hallucinogenic ethnopharmacological practices and for its analgesic and antinflammatory properties. Its active compounds include diterpenes known as salvinorins which act as potent κ opioid receptor agonists. AIM OF THE STUDY: Given its effects in acute animal models of pain, as well as its antinflammatory attributes, we decided to investigate the analgesic effects of an SD extract in neuropathic (sciatic loose nerve ligature) and inflammatory (intra plantar carrageenan) pain models in rats...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500469/aggression-predicts-changes-in-peer-victimization-that-vary-by-form-and-function
#9
Karin S Frey, Zoe Higheagle Strong
Peer victimization is predictive of serious problems in adjustment, especially among children who are both victimized and aggressive. This study investigated how different types of aggression contribute to later victimization. Specifically, we examined prospective relationships between the types of aggression that children perpetrated and the types that they experienced at the hands of others. Trained observers coded schoolyard behavior of 553 children in grades 3-6 during the initial year of a bullying intervention program...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498847/paradoxical-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cell-reduction-in-the-bone-marrow-of-siv-chronically-infected-macaques
#10
Yongjun Sui, Blake Frey, Yichuan Wang, Rolf Billeskov, Shweta Kulkarni, Katherine McKinnon, Tracy Rourke, Linda Fritts, Christopher J Miller, Jay A Berzofsky
Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), which suppress anti-tumor or anti-viral immune responses, are expanded in the peripheral blood and tissues of patients/animals with cancer or viral infectious diseases. We here show that in chronic SIV infection of Indian rhesus macaques, the frequency of MDSCs in the bone marrow (BM) was paradoxically and unexpectedly decreased, but increased in peripheral blood. Reduction of BM MDSCs was found in both CD14+MDSC and Lin-CD15+MDSC subsets. The reduction of MDSCs correlated with high plasma viral loads and low CD4+ T cell counts, suggesting that depletion of BM MDSCs was associated with SIV/AIDS disease progression...
May 12, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497379/-choosing-wisely-recommendations-in-cardiology
#11
REVIEW
K Werdan, S Baldus, N Frey, U Nixdorff, K-H Kuck, H Katus
This article describes controversially discussed Choosing wisely recommendations presented by the German Cardiac Society: anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation and "only" moderate stroke risk, on the one hand, and goal-directed low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol-lowering, on the other. Presuming an adequate regime, patients with atrial fibrillation and only moderate risk of stroke (CHA2DS2-VASc Score of 1 in men and of 2 in women) also benefit from anticoagulation therapy, even in elderly patients...
May 11, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497343/bdnf-contributes-to-spinal-long-term-potentiation-and-mechanical-hypersensitivity-via-fyn-mediated-phosphorylation-of-nmda-receptor-glun2b-subunit-at-tyrosine-1472-in-rats-following-spinal-nerve-ligation
#12
Song Li, Jie Cai, Zhi-Bo Feng, Zi-Run Jin, Bo-Heng Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao, Hong-Bo Jing, Tian-Jiao Wei, Guan-Nan Yang, Ling-Yu Liu, Yan-Jun Cui, Guo-Gang Xing
Previously we have demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) contributes to spinal long-term potentiation (LTP) and pain hypersensitivity through activation of GluN2B-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate (GluN2B-NMDA) receptors in rats following spinal nerve ligation (SNL). However, the molecular mechanisms by which BDNF impacts upon GluN2B-NMDA receptors and spinal LTP still remain unclear. In this study, we first documented that Fyn kinase-mediated phosphorylation of GluN2B subunit at tyrosine 1472 (pGluN2B(Y1472)) was involved in BDNF-induced spinal LTP and pain hypersensitivity in intact rats...
May 11, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496474/enhancement-of-antinociceptive-effect-by-co-administration-of-amitriptyline-and-crocus-sativus-in-a-rat-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#13
Bahareh Amin, Samira Hosseini, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-nociceptive effects of a low, sub-effective dose of amitriptyline, in combination with the different doses of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Crocus sativus following sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI) in rats. Amitriptyline (3, 10 and 30 mg/Kg, i.p.) and the extracts (25, 50 and 100 mg/Kg, i.p.), were separately administered at the time of CCI for 7 consecutive days. In combination therapy, the sub-antinociceptive dose of amitriptyline (3 mg/Kg) was given with the three different doses of extracts for seven days...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495719/faulty-logic
#14
Darren Frey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495237/multigene-panels-in-ashkenazi-jewish-patients-yield-high-rates-of-actionable-mutations-in-multiple-non-brca-cancer-associated-genes
#15
Melissa K Frey, Gabriella Sandler, Rachel Sobolev, Sarah H Kim, Rachelle Chambers, Rebecca Y Bassett, Jessica Martineau, Katherine J Sapra, Leslie Boyd, John P Curtin, Bhavana Pothuri, Stephanie V Blank
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of multigene panel testing among Ashkenazi Jewish compared with non-Ashkenazi Jewish patients. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records for all patients who underwent multigene panel testing and targeted BRCA1/2 testing at a single institution between 6/2013-1/2015. Clinical actionability for identified pathogenic mutations was characterized based on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines and consensus statements and expert opinion for genes not addressed by these guidelines...
May 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492437/continuous-intrathecal-infusion-of-cannabinoid-receptor-agonists-attenuates-nerve-ligation-induced-pain-in-rats
#16
Sheng-Jie Shiue, Hsien-Yu Peng, Chung-Ren Lin, Shih-Wei Wang, Ruey-Horng Rau, Jen-Kun Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabinoid receptors (CB1R/CB2R) are known to play important roles in pain transmission. In this study, we investigated the effects of continuous intrathecal infusion of CB1/2R agonists in the L5/6 spinal nerve ligation pain model. METHODS: Under isoflurane anesthesia, rats received nerve ligation and intrathecal catheter connected to an infusion pump. After surgery, saline (1 μL/h), CB1/2R agonist WIN55,212-2, CB1R agonist ACEA, or CB2R agonist AM1241 (1 μmol/h) was given intrathecally for 7 days...
May 10, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489932/camkii%C3%AE-may-modulate-fentanyl-induced-hyperalgesia-via-a-celc-pag-rvm-spinal-cord-descending-facilitative-pain-pathway-in-rats
#17
Zhen Li, Pingping Yin, Jian Chen, Shenglan Jin, Jieqiong Liu, Fang Luo
Each of the lateral capsular division of central nucleus of amygdala(CeLC), periaqueductal gray (PAG), rostral ventromedial medulla(RVM) and spinal cord has been proved to contribute to the development of opioid-induced hyperalgesia(OIH). Especially, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα (CaMKIIα) in CeLC and spinal cord seems to play a key role in OIH modulation. However, the pain pathway through which CaMKIIα modulates OIH is not clear. The pathway from CeLC to spinal cord for this modulation was explored in the present study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486935/emergency-department-use-and-barriers-to-wellness-a-survey-of-emergency-department-frequent-users
#18
Lauren E Birmingham, Thaddeus Cochran, Jennifer A Frey, Kirk A Stiffler, Scott T Wilber
BACKGROUND: There is no common understanding of how needs of emergency department (ED) frequent users differ from other patients. This study sought to examine how to best serve this population. Examinations of why ED frequent users present to the ED, what barriers to care exist, and what service offerings may help these patients achieve an optimal level of health were conducted. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of frequent ED users in an adult only, level 1 trauma center with approximately 90,000 visits per year...
May 10, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486232/osthole-a-coumadin-analog-from-cnidium-monnieri-l-cusson-ameliorates-nucleus-pulposus-induced-radicular-inflammatory-pain-by-inhibiting-the-activation-of-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-in-rats
#19
Hai-Xuan Wu, Yi-Min Wang, Hui Xu, Ming Wei, Qiu-Lan He, Mei-Na Li, Lai-Bao Sun, Ming-Hui Cao
AIM: This study was aimed at assessing the role of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) in mechanical allodynia resulting from lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and exploring the osthole's anti-nociceptive effect on ERK activation. METHODS: Radicular pain was generated by applying nucleus pulposus (NP) to the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Allodynia was measured using Von Frey filaments to calculate the mechanical pain threshold. Phosphorylated ERK and total ERK protein in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn was detected by using the Western blot technique...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486132/the-pomxyz-proteins-self-organize-on-the-bacterial-nucleoid-to-stimulate-cell-division
#20
Dominik Schumacher, Silke Bergeler, Andrea Harms, Janet Vonck, Sabrina Huneke-Vogt, Erwin Frey, Lotte Søgaard-Andersen
Cell division site positioning is precisely regulated to generate correctly sized and shaped daughters. We uncover the strategy used by the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus to position the FtsZ cytokinetic ring at midcell. PomX, PomY, and the nucleoid-binding ParA/MinD ATPase PomZ self-assemble forming a large nucleoid-associated complex that localizes at the division site before FtsZ to directly guide and stimulate division. PomXYZ localization is generated through self-organized biased random motion on the nucleoid toward midcell and constrained motion at midcell...
May 8, 2017: Developmental Cell
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