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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636472/benign-tumors-of-the-parotid-gland-a-retrospective-study-of-339-patients
#1
Marie Quiriny, Cécile Dekeyser, Michel Moreau, Antoine Digonnet, Esther Willemse, Laurent Vanbel, Guy Andry
AIM: Among 339 patients operated for benign tumor of the parotid gland: the recurrences and the postoperative complications rates were compared WITH those published in literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 339 patients operated: 274 primarily and 65 for recurrence or residual tumor. VARIABLES: sex, age, surgical techniques, pre- or postoperative radiotherapy, histology, size and localization of the tumors, disease free intervals, recurrences and postoperative complications...
February 10, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635651/effects-of-tetrodotoxin-in-mouse-models-of-visceral-pain
#2
Rafael González-Cano, Miguel Ángel Tejada, Antonia Artacho-Cordón, Francisco Rafael Nieto, José Manuel Entrena, John N Wood, Cruz Miguel Cendán
Visceral pain is very common and represents a major unmet clinical need for which current pharmacological treatments are often insufficient. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a potent neurotoxin that exerts analgesic actions in both humans and rodents under different somatic pain conditions, but its effect has been unexplored in visceral pain. Therefore, we tested the effects of systemic TTX in viscero-specific mouse models of chemical stimulation of the colon (intracolonic instillation of capsaicin and mustard oil) and intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis...
June 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634731/frey-s-procedure-for-chronic-pancreatitis-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-these-patients
#3
Hideaki Sato, Masaharu Ishida, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Naoaki Sakata, Takeshi Aoki, Katsuyoshi Kudoh, Hideo Ohtsuka, Masamichi Mizuma, Takanori Morikawa, Hiroki Hayashi, Kei Nakagawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Shinich Egawa, Michiaki Unno
PURPOSE: The aim of surgical intervention for chronic pancreatitis (CP) is to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. However, the precise effect of surgery on the nutritional status of CP patients, which is often impaired by exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction, has not been elucidated. We conducted this study to evaluate whether Frey's procedure improves the nutritional status of CP patients. METHODS: The nutritional status of 35 patients who underwent Frey's procedure for CP at our institute between April 2005 and December 2014, was assessed by the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) scoring before and 1 year after the surgery, and compared with that of seven CP patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy...
June 20, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632881/clinically-available-assessment-measures-for-lingual-and-labial-somatosensation-in-healthy-adults-normative-data-and-test-reliability
#4
Nicole M Etter, Olivia M Miller, Kirrie J Ballard
Purpose: High-quality orofacial somatosensory inputs are essential for achieving rapid and accurate motor outputs. Little somatosensory testing is currently being completed in clinical settings. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and test-retest reliability of clinical assessment tools for orofacial somatosensory testing in healthy young adults. Method: A total of 45 healthy young adults (ages 20-41 years) was recruited. Participants reported basic health information, completed pure-tone hearing thresholds, and were assessed using two-point discrimination discs and Von Frey hair detection and discrimination thresholds for bilateral lip and tongue...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630479/attention-cognitive-control-and-motivation-in-adhd-linking-event-related-brain-potentials-and-dna-methylation-patterns-in-boys-at-early-school-age
#5
Hartmut Heinrich, Juliane Grunitz, Valeska Stonawski, Stefan Frey, Simone Wahl, Björn Albrecht, Tamme W Goecke, Matthias W Beckmann, Johannes Kornhuber, Peter A Fasching, Gunther H Moll, Anna Eichler
In order to better understand the underpinnings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we targeted the relationship of attentional, cognitive control and motivational processes with DNA methylation patterns of 60 candidate genes in boys at early school age. Participants (6 to 8 years; N = 82) were selected from a German longitudinal cohort (FRANCES). ADHD-related behaviour was assessed via maternal ratings. Performance and event-related potential measures (inter alia Cue-P3 and Nogo-P3), which were recorded in a motivational go/nogo task, indicated diminished attentional orienting, reduced inhibitory response control and a larger motivational effect on performance in ADHD already at this relatively young age...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#6
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629451/metabolic-response-to-three-different-diets-in-lean-cats-and-cats-predisposed-to-overweight
#7
Claudia Keller, Annette Liesegang, Diana Frey, Brigitta Wichert
BACKGROUND: The existence of a genetic predisposition to obesity is commonly recognized in humans and rodents. Recently, a link between genetics and overweight was shown in cats. The goal of this study was to identify the effect of diet composition on plasma levels of glucose, insulin, free fatty acids and triglycerides in cats receiving different diets (high-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets). RESULTS: Insulin and leptin concentrations were significantly correlated with phenotype...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628851/spinal-5-ht4-and-5-ht6-receptors-contribute-to-the-maintenance-of-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#8
Jorge Baruch Pineda-Farias, Paulino Barragán-Iglesias, Alann Valdivieso-Sánchez, Juan Rodríguez-Silverio, Francisco Javier Flores-Murrieta, Vinicio Granados-Soto, Héctor Isaac Rocha-González
BACKGROUND: Nerve injury promotes release of 5-HT at the spinal cord. Once released, 5-HT may produce antinociceptive or pronociceptive effects depending of the nature of 5-HT receptors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the participation of spinal 5-HT4 and 5-HT6 receptors in the maintenance of neuropathic pain in rats. METHODS: Tactile allodynia was measured using von Frey hairs in male Wistar rats subjected to L5-L6 spinal nerve injury. Selective 5-HT4 (GR-113808, 0...
April 4, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628829/ectromelia-virus-accumulates-less-double-stranded-rna-compared-to-vaccinia-virus-in-bs-c-1-cells
#9
Tiffany R Frey, Michael H Lehmann, Colton M Ryan, Marie C Pizzorno, Gerd Sutter, Adam R Hersperger
Most orthopoxviruses, including vaccinia virus (VACV), contain genes in the E3L and K3L families. The protein products of these genes have been shown to combat PKR, a host defense pathway. Interestingly, ectromelia virus (ECTV) contains an E3L ortholog but does not possess an intact K3L gene. Here, we gained insight into how ECTV can still efficiently evade PKR despite lacking K3L. Relative to VACV, we found that ECTV-infected BS-C-1 cells accumulated considerably less double-stranded (ds) RNA, which was due to lower mRNA levels and less transcriptional read-through of some genes by ECTV...
June 16, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626095/-role-of-the-autophagy-in-the-treatment-of-neuropathic-pain-with-pulsed-radiofrequency
#10
Lin Yang, Liang Guo, Junmei Xu, Yaping Wang, Dingquan Zou, Xinghua Jiang
To detect the effect of pulse radiofrequency (PRF) treatment on the neuropathic pain established by L5-spinal nerve ligation (SNL) on rats, and to investigate if PRF treatment would affect the expression of autophagy related protein LC3 and autophagy related receptor P62 at the dorsal horn.
 Methods: A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: a Sham group, a SNL group, and a SNL+PRF group. The 50% paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) was detected at 1 day before and 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days post-operation by using Von-Frey filaments...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622274/a-role-for-neurokinin-1-receptor-neurons-in-the-rostral-ventromedial-medulla-in-the-development-of-chronic-postthoracotomy-pain
#11
Sergey G Khasabov, Jeffrey Chi-Fei Wang, Donald A Simone, Gary R Strichartz
Thoracotomy results in chronic postoperative pain (CPTP) in half of the cases. Earlier findings in rat models of persistent post-surgical pain suggest that spinal pathways are critical for pain onset but not its maintenance. Descending systems from the brain stem modulate nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord and contribute to persistent pain, but their role in chronic postoperative pain has not been studied. Here, we ablated pronociceptive neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R)-expressing neurons in the rat rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) to identify their role in CPTP...
July 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621973/gw170104-observation-of-a-50-solar-mass-binary-black-hole-coalescence-at-redshift-0-2
#12
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, M Bawaj, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, E Deelman, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, J Duncan, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, M Gabel, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, R Mayani, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, M Rynge, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J A Taylor, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, K Vahi, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R M Wald, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, M Wang, Y-F Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, X J Zhu, A Zimmerman, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We describe the observation of GW170104, a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of a pair of stellar-mass black holes. The signal was measured on January 4, 2017 at 10∶11:58.6 UTC by the twin advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory during their second observing run, with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a false alarm rate less than 1 in 70 000 years. The inferred component black hole masses are 31.2_{-6.0}^{+8.4}M_{⊙} and 19.4_{-5.9}^{+5...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618828/pavement-type-and-wear-condition-classification-from-tire-cavity-acoustic-measurements-with-artificial-neural-networks
#13
Johannes Masino, Michael-Jan Foitzik, Michael Frey, Frank Gauterin
Tire road noise is the major contributor to traffic noise, which leads to general annoyance, speech interference, and sleep disturbances. Standardized methods to measure tire road noise are expensive, sophisticated to use, and they cannot be applied comprehensively. This paper presents a method to automatically classify different types of pavement and the wear condition to identify noisy road surfaces. The methods are based on spectra of time series data of the tire cavity sound, acquired under normal vehicle operation...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617705/liver-x-receptor-%C3%AE-is-involved-in-counteracting-mechanical-allodynia-by-inhibiting-neuroinflammation-in-the-spinal-dorsal-horn
#14
Jing Xu, Yi-Wei Feng, Ling Liu, Wei Wang, Xiong-Xiong Zhong, Xu-Hong Wei, Xian-Guo Liu
BACKGROUND: Liver X receptors, including α and β isoforms, are ligand-activated transcription factors. Whether liver X receptor α plays a role in neuropathic pain is unknown. METHODS: A spared nerve injury model was established in adult male rats and mice. Von Frey tests were performed to evaluate the neuropathic pain behavior; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were performed to understand the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Intrathecal injection of a specific liver X receptor agonist T0901317 or GW3965 could either prevent the development of mechanical allodynia or alleviate the established mechanical allodynia, both in rats and wild-type mice...
June 15, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615993/resveratrol-protects-against-icv-collagenase-induced-neurobehavioral-and-biochemical-deficits
#15
Navdeep Singh, Yashika Bansal, Ranjana Bhandari, Lovish Marwaha, Raghunath Singh, Kanwaljit Chopra, Anurag Kuhad
BACKGROUND: Indeed, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) account for only 15% of all strokes but it is one of the most devastating subtype of stroke associated with behavioral, cognitive and neurological deficits. The primary cause of neurological deficits in ICH is the hematoma growth, generation of free radicals, inflammatory cytokines and exhausting endogenous anti-oxidant machinery. It has been found that neuroinflammation following ICH leads to exaggeration of hallmarks of ICH. With this background, the study was aimed to evaluate the protective effect of resveratrol (RSV) in intracerebroventricular (ICV) collagenase (COL) induced neurological deficits in rats...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615454/cytosolic-iron-chaperones-proteins-delivering-iron-cofactors-in-the-cytosol-of-mammalian-cells
#16
Caroline C Philpott, Moon-Suhn Ryu, Avery G Frey, Sarju Patel
Eukaryotic cells contain hundreds of metalloproteins that are supported by intracellular systems coordinating the uptake and distribution of metal cofactors. Iron cofactors include heme, iron-sulfur clusters, and simple iron ions. Poly(rC)-binding proteins are multifunctional adaptors that serve as iron ion chaperones in the cytosolic/nuclear compartment, binding iron at import and delivering it to enzymes, for storage (ferritin), and export (ferroportin). Ferritin iron is mobilized by autophagy through the cargo receptor, nuclear co-activator 4...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612319/involvement-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-the-cx3cr1-signaling-network-in-mechanical-allodynia-induced-by-tetanic-sciatic-stimulation
#17
Zhe-Chen Wang, Li-Hong Li, Chao Bian, Liu Yang, Ning Lv, Yu-Qiu Zhang
Tetanic stimulation of the sciatic nerve (TSS) triggers long-term potentiation in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and long-lasting pain hypersensitivity. CX3CL1-CX3CR1 signaling is an important pathway in neuronal-microglial activation. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is a key signal transduction molecule that regulates neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain. Here, we set out to determine whether and how NF-κB and CX3CR1 are involved in the mechanism underlying the pathological changes induced by TSS. After unilateral TSS, significant bilateral mechanical allodynia was induced, as assessed by the von Frey test...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612120/anti-allodynic-action-of-the-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drug-iguratimod-in-a-rat-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#18
K Morimoto, A Miura, Keiichi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis experience nociceptive as well as neuropathic pain. The effect of iguratimod (IGU), a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug, on neuropathic pain in a rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI) was examined in this study. METHODS: CCI was induced by making four ligations on the left sciatic nerve. Rats with stable signs of static allodynia were selected 2 weeks after the surgery and drug treatments were started (day 0)...
June 13, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610984/sar-and-characterization-of-non-substrate-isoindoline-urea-inhibitors-of-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-nampt
#19
Michael L Curtin, H Robin Heyman, Richard F Clark, Bryan K Sorensen, George A Doherty, T Matthew Hansen, Robin R Frey, Kathy A Sarris, Ana L Aguirre, Anurupa Shrestha, Noah Tu, Kevin Woller, Marina A Pliushchev, Ramzi F Sweis, Min Cheng, Julie L Wilsbacher, Peter J Kovar, Jun Guo, Dong Cheng, Kenton L Longenecker, Diana Raich, Alla V Korepanova, Nirupama B Soni, Mikkel A Algire, Paul L Richardson, Violeta L Marin, Ilaria Badagnani, Anil Vasudevan, F Greg Buchanan, David Maag, Gary G Chiang, Chris Tse, Michael R Michaelides
Herein we disclose SAR studies that led to a series of isoindoline ureas which we recently reported were first-in-class, non-substrate nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) inhibitors. Modification of the isoindoline and/or the terminal functionality of screening hit 5 provided inhibitors such as 52 and 58 with nanomolar antiproliferative activity and preclinical pharmacokinetics properties which enabled potent antitumor activity when dosed orally in mouse xenograft models. X-ray crystal structures of two inhibitors bound in the NAMPT active-site are discussed...
June 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610043/-i-scapanoclypeus-i-i-bicoloratus-i-new-species-from-hardap-namibia%C3%A2-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-melolonthinae-tanyproctini
#20
Richard Sehnal
Scapanoclypeus Evans (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini) was established with Trichinopus aberrans Frey designated as its type species and included five additional species: S. testaceus Evans, S. carinatus Evans, S. cornutus Evans, S. brunneus Evans, and S. aulacocoleatus Evans. Scapanoclypeus, Trichinopus Waterhouse, and Oedanomerus Waterhouse are distinguished from other African Tanyproctini by their small size (12 mm or less), reduced mouthparts, and antennae with 8-10 antennomeres (Evans 1987)...
March 30, 2017: Zootaxa
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