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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329624/apparent-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-infection-with-ostertagia-ostertagi-fasciola-hepatica-and-dictyocaulus-viviparus-in-swiss-dairy-herds
#1
C F Frey, R Eicher, K Raue, C Strube, M Bodmer, B Hentrich, B Gottstein, N Marreros
Infections with helminth parasites can negatively affect performance of dairy cows. Knowledge on infection intensity, spatial distributions and risk factors are key to develop targeted treatment strategies. Canada and most EU countries have conducted large investigations, but respective data for Switzerland were missing. We now performed a bulk tank milk serosurvey for Ostertagia ostertagi, Fasciola hepatica, and Dictyocaulus viviparus on a total of 1036 voluntarily participating dairy herds that were sampled at confinement periods, i...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323921/membrane-anchoring-of-%C3%AE-helical-proteins-role-of-tryptophan
#2
Alan J Situ, So-Min Kang, Benjamin B Frey, Woojin An, Chungho Kim, Tobias S Ulmer
The function of membrane proteins relies on a defined orientation of protein relative to lipid. In apparent correlation to protein anchoring, tryptophan residues are enriched in the lipid headgroup region. To characterize the thermodynamic and structural basis of this relationship in α-helical membrane proteins, we examined the role of three conserved tryptophans in the folding of the heterodimeric integrin αIIbβ3 transmembrane (TM) complex in phospholipid bicelles and mammalian membranes. In the homogenous lipid environment of bicelles, tryptophan was replaceable by residues of distinct polarities...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323816/an-epidemic-a-scourge-or-a-plague
#3
John J Frey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323805/wisconsin-firearm-mortality-2000-2014
#4
Wen-Jan Tuan, John J Frey
BACKGROUND: Despite low firearm mortality rates in Wisconsin, overall firearm fatalities continue to rise in recent years. In 2013, the statewide age-adjusted death rate due to firearms was 9.6 per 100,000 persons, the highest mark since the new millennium. This raises not only public safety concerns, but also raises questions regarding ongoing gun violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population and geographic characteristics of firearm mortality rates on population and geographic characteristics in Wisconsin...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316966/hiss-and-snort-call-types-of-wild-living-giraffes-giraffa-camelopardalis-acoustic-structure-and-context
#5
Elena V Volodina, Ilya A Volodin, Elena V Chelysheva, Roland Frey
OBJECTIVES: Vocalization as part of vigilance behaviour is widespread across animal taxa, including ruminants. Calls of wild-living giraffes have never been recorded and spectrographically investigated. This study reports the acoustic structure of vigilance-related hiss and snort calls of wild-living giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis. RESULTS: The hiss and snort calls were emitted during five recording sessions produced by nine individual giraffes (8 adults and 1 subadult) in their natural environment in Namibia (3 individuals) and Kenya (6 individuals)...
January 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313314/duration-of-agitation-fluctuations-of-consciousness-and-associations-with-outcome-in-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#6
Michael E Reznik, Ali Mahta, J Michael Schmidt, Hans-Peter Frey, Soojin Park, David J Roh, Sachin Agarwal, Jan Claassen
BACKGROUND: Agitation is common after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and may be independently associated with outcomes. We sought to determine whether the duration of agitation and fluctuating consciousness were also associated with outcomes in patients with SAH. METHODS: We identified all patients with positive Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) scores from a prospective observational cohort of patients with SAH from 2011 to 2015. Total duration of agitation was extrapolated for each patient using available RASS scores, and 24-h mean and standard deviation (SD) of RASS scores were calculated for each patient...
January 8, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310667/wwl70-protects-against-chronic-constriction-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-mice-by-cannabinoid-receptor-independent-mechanisms
#7
Jie Wen, Melissa Jones, Mikiei Tanaka, Prabhuanand Selvaraj, Aviva J Symes, Brian Cox, Yumin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Targeting the endocannabinoid system has emerged as an effective strategy for the treatment of inflammatory and neurological diseases. Unlike the inhibition of the principal 2-arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG) hydrolytic enzyme monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), which leads to 2-AG overload and cannabinoid receptor desensitization, selective inhibition of the minor 2-AG hydrolytic enzyme alpha, beta-hydrolase domain 6 (ABHD6) can provide therapeutic benefits without producing cannabimimetic side effects...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306506/antibody-responses-among-adolescent-females-receiving-two-or-three-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-doses-at-standard-and-prolonged-intervals
#8
Lea E Widdice, Elizabeth R Unger, Gitika Panicker, Rebecca Hoagland, S Todd Callahan, Lisa A Jackson, Andrea A Berry, Karen Kotloff, Sharon E Frey, Christopher J Harrison, Barbara A Pahud, Kathryn M Edwards, Mark J Mulligan, Jon Sudman, David I Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The originally recommended dosing schedule, 0, 2, 6 months, for the 3-dose quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (4vHPV) was often not followed, resulting in longer than recommended intervals between doses and interest in the effect of prolonged intervals. Recent two-dose recommendations require investigations into the effect of delaying dose 2. METHODS: This multi-site, prospective study enrolled healthy 9-17 year old girls (n = 1321) on the day of or within 28 days following a third dose of 4vHPV vaccination...
January 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294689/warning-signs-of-partner-abuse-in-intimate-relationships-gender-differences-in-young-adults-perceptions-of-seriousness
#9
Anna Towler, Areana Eivers, Ron Frey
In response to the high rates of intimate partner abuse (IPA) among young adults and related negative health effects, this study examined 18- to 26-year-old Australians' perceptions of unhealthy partner behaviors that may constitute early warning signs of abuse in intimate relationships. This research is the first to examine gender differences on this issue in a young adult population. A convenience sample of 49 males and 152 females ( N = 201) completed an online survey, rating how seriously they viewed a list of partner warning sign behaviors (WSBs)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286101/-corrigendum-insights-into-the-pathogenesis-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-review
#10
Jun He, Mihua Liu, Zhufeng Ye, Tianping Tan, Xinghui Liu, Xiaoxing You, Yanhua Zeng, Yimou Wu
Following the publication of this review, an interested reader alerted us to the fact that a couple of figures had been reproduced from a pair of previous publications without proper acknowledgement of the original source/authors. Figs. 2 and 3, as featured in our review, had originally appeared (with only minor modifications) as Figs. 2 and 4, respectively, in the following articles: Rottem S: Interaction of mycoplasmas with host cells. Physiol Rev 83: 417-32, 2003; and Pilo P, Vilei EM, Peterhans E, Bonvin-Klotz L, Stoffel MH, Dobbelaere D and Frey J: A metabolic enzyme as a primary virulence factor of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp...
December 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286029/-surgical-technique-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#11
N A Pronin, A A Natalskiy, S V Tarasenko, A V Pavlov, V A Fedoseev
AIM: To justify ligation of vascular branches of anterior pancreateroduodenal arterial arch or gastroduodenal artery prior to bifurcation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This method was tested on sufficient clinical material: 147 patients with recurrent chronic pancreatitis. The interventions are presented by Frey, Beger procedures and its Berne variant. RESULTS: Comparative analysis showed reliable advantages of vascular ligation during pancreatectomy...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282166/gloss-and-surface-roughness-of-anterior-pediatric-zirconia-crowns
#12
Adrien L Theriot, Gary N Frey, Joe C Ontiveros, Gary Badger
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine gloss and surface roughness (Ra) of pediatric anterior zirconia crowns. METHODS: Gloss of labial and lingual surfaces of pediatric anterior zirconia crowns from three manufacturers was measured on 20 specimens using a small area gloss meter on each. Ra (μm) was measured using a contact-type surface profilometer. Data were evaluated by analysis of variance and pair-wise comparison at the 0.05 level of significance...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281189/influence-of-hyperoxia-on-diastolic-myocardial-and-arterial-endothelial-function
#13
T Wunderlich, N Frey, W Kähler, M Lutz, P Radermacher, S Klapa, I Koch, F Tillmans, J Witte, A Koch
OBJECTIVE: Hyperoxia is known to influence cardiovascular and endothelial function, but it is unknown if there are differences between younger and older persons. The aim of this study was to monitor changes in myocardial diastolic function and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in younger and elderly volunteers, before and after exposure to relevant hyperbaric hyperoxia. METHODS: 51 male patients were separated into two groups for this study. Volunteers in Group 1 (n=28, mean age 26 ±6, "juniors") and Group 2 (n=23, mean age 53 ±9, "seniors") received standard HBO₂ protocol (240kPa oxygen)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274881/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-antiallodynic-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-in-a-mice-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#14
Andressa de Souza, Daniel F Martins, Liciane Fernandes Medeiros, Catharina Nucci, Thiago César Martins, Aline Siteneski, Wolnei Caumo, Adair Roberto Soares Dos Santos, Iraci L S Torres
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is relatively common and occurs in approximately 6-8% of the population. It is associated with allodynia and hyperalgesia. Thus, non-pharmacological treatments, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may be useful for relieving pain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the antiallodynic effect of tDCS in a mice model of neuropathic pain, and the underlying neurotransmission systems that could drive these effects...
December 21, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273874/safety-and-feasibility-of-the-robotic-platform-in-the-management-of-surgical-sequelae-of-chronic-pancreatitis
#15
Ahmad Hamad, Mazen S Zenati, Trang K Nguyen, Melissa E Hogg, Herbert J Zeh, Amer H Zureikat
BACKGROUND/AIM: The application of minimally invasive surgery to chronic pancreatitis (CP) procedures is uncommon. Our objective was to report the safety and feasibility of the robotic approach in the treatment of surgical sequelae of CP, and provide insights into the technique, tricks, and pitfalls associated with the application of robotics to this challenging disease entity. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing robotic-assisted resections and/or drainage procedures for CP at the University of Pittsburgh between May 2009 and January 2017 was performed...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273314/antibiotic-drug-use-and-the-risk-of-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#16
Noel Frey, Andreas Bircher, Michael Bodmer, Susan S Jick, Christoph R Meier, Julia Spoendlin
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare, life-threatening mucocutaneous adverse drug reactions. Sulphonamide antibiotics are commonly accepted as one of the primary causes of SJS/TEN. This notion is based on results from two hospital-based case-control studies that identified the combined antibiotic cotrimoxazole (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) as the cause of several SJS/TEN cases. Associations were also reported for penicillins, quinolones, cephalosporins, macrolides, tetracyclines, and metronidazole...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262448/-application-of-functional-parotidectomy-via-retroauricular-hairline-incision-in-the-excising-superficial-parotid-tumor
#17
P A Wu, Z Q Lu, Y F Guan, H L Zhu, X N Liang, W Y Liang, R K Tsang
Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of retroauricular hairline incision (RAHI) in partial superficial parotidectomy (PSP) by comparison with modified Blair incision (MBI). Methods: A retrospective analysis of 64 medical records for patients with benign parotid tumors who underwent partial superficial parotidectomy was undertaken (28 were in MBI group, 36 in RAHI group). Size and location of tumors, operative time, occurrence of facial nerve paralysis and Frey's syndrome, and cosmetic outcomes were compared between RAHI and MBI groups...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261550/misaligned-feeding-may-aggravate-pain-by-disruption-of-sleep-awake-rhythm
#18
Fangxia Xu, Xin Zhao, Huan Liu, Xueming Shao, Shuaishuai Chu, Xiangdan Gong, Zhengliang Ma, Xiaoping Gu
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that patients with eating disorders are more likely to develop chronic pain. A misaligned diet has been reported to disrupt the sleep-awake rhythms. Combined with our previous investigation on circadian pain, we aimed to investigate the role of misaligned diet in the pain sensitivity and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Two-month-old C57BL/6J male mice were administered chronic constriction injury (CCI) surgery to establish neuropathic pain models...
December 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259153/application-of-optimal-band-limited-control-protocols-to-quantum-noise-sensing
#19
V M Frey, S Mavadia, L M Norris, W de Ferranti, D Lucarelli, L Viola, M J Biercuk
Essential to the functionality of qubit-based sensors are control protocols, which shape their response in frequency space. However, in common control routines out-of-band spectral leakage complicates interpretation of the sensor's signal. In this work, we leverage discrete prolate spheroidal sequences (a.k.a. Slepian sequences) to synthesize provably optimal narrowband controls ideally suited to spectral estimation of a qubit's noisy environment. Experiments with trapped ions demonstrate how spectral leakage may be reduced by orders of magnitude over conventional controls when a near resonant driving field is modulated by Slepians, and how the desired narrowband sensitivity may be tuned using concepts from RF engineering...
December 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258480/end-of-life-care-preferences-among-people-of-advanced-age-lilacs-nz
#20
Merryn Gott, Rosemary Frey, Janine Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Ngaire Kerse
BACKGROUND: Understanding end of life preferences amongst the oldest old is crucial to informing appropriate palliative and end of life care internationally. However, little has been reported in the academic literature about the end of life preferences of people in advanced age, particularly the preferences of indigenous older people, including New Zealand Māori. METHODS: Data on end of life preferences were gathered from 147 Māori (aged >80 years) and 291 non- Māori aged (>85 years), during three waves of Te Puawaitangi O Nga Tapuwae Kia Ora Tonu, Life and Living in Advanced Age (LiLACs NZ)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
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