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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936385/interrater-reliability-in-pediatric-urodynamic-tracings-a-pilot-study
#1
Anne G Dudley, Daniel P Casella, Chelsea J Lauderdale, Shilin Zhao, Heidi Chen, Stacy T Tanaka, John C Thomas, John C Pope, Mark C Adams, John W Brock, Chevis N Shannon, Douglass B Clayton
PURPOSE: Urodynamic studies are crucial to neuropathic bladder management and they often determine surgical intervention. However, current evidence indicates that interpretations show poor agreement across physicians. We sought to determine the interrater reliability of urodynamic interpretation in our practice. We hypothesized that there would be strong correlation among pediatric urologists of similar training in a single academic practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with neuropathic bladder who underwent urodynamics at our institution between 2014 and 2015...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935241/what-training-and-skills-will-the-ecotoxicologists-of-the-future-require
#2
Meagan J Harris, Duane B Huggett, Jane P Staveley, John P Sumpter
Students and academic researchers conduct a diverse range of studies that add to the growing body of ecotoxicology research. Once an academic researcher entertains an applied research topic, there is potential for that research to be used in local, state or federal regulatory decision or action. The ability of regulatory decision makers to use academic studies to inform decisions is dependent on 1) the relevance of the experiment to regulatory decisions, 2) the reliability of the laboratory and the study itself, and 3) quality reporting of data such that study relevance and reliability are evident...
December 9, 2016: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935025/warmth-and-demand-the-relation-between-students-perceptions-of-the-classroom-environment-and-achievement-growth
#3
Lia E Sandilos, Sara E Rimm-Kaufman, Julia J Cohen
Theory suggests that African American students benefit from warm and demanding teachers. This study examines the relation between students' perceptions of 634 teachers' warm demander characteristics and achievement growth in fourth and fifth grades (Mstudent age  = 9-11.5 years). Analyses explored whether relations were moderated by the proportion of African American students in the classroom or the ethnic match or mismatch between African American students and their teachers. Results indicated that students' perceptions of teachers' demand (challenge and control) related to student achievement growth...
December 9, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934672/the-global-footprint-of-oral-medicine-specialists-the-university-of-pennsylvania-experience
#4
Eric T Stoopler, Scott S De Rossi, Martin S Greenberg, Thomas P Sollecito
The aim of this study was to analyze the global footprint of oral medicine specialists who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania oral medicine residency program. In 2016, a cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to 53 graduates of that program, asking about their current geographical location and professional status. Of those 53 graduates, 23 (43%) completed the survey with 22 reporting their current location and 21 reporting their current professional status. The results showed that 17 graduates were located within the U...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#5
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934665/creation-and-initial-outcomes-of-a-selective-four-year-research-program-for-predoctoral-dental-students
#6
Eileen H Doherty, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Gerard Kugel
Educators agree that dental students' involvement in research plays an important role in their development and contributes to the future of dental education. However, dental schools are challenged to provide the time and support necessary to nurture their students in undertaking research activities. The aim of this study was to examine student participation in a predoctoral student research program at one U.S. dental school and to track participants' outcomes both before and after introduction of an additional, highly selective research scholarship program...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934664/which-way-to-lean-a-national-study-of-women-dental-faculty-members-career-aspirations-and-choices
#7
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Marsha A Pyle, Christopher J Van Ness, Pamela R Overman, Karen P West
The aim of this first national study of women in academic dentistry was to explore factors and perceived barriers for why administrative/leadership positions were or were not sought via data collected from full-time women dental faculty members in the U.S. In fall 2015, the researchers conducted a survey that employed a combination of response formats: forced choice from a menu, multiple allowable answers, and open-ended written comments. The overall response rate for the survey was 35.6% (537/1504). Respondents were from 48 of the 65 U...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934539/healthcare-reform-in-the-middle-east-and-the-usa
#8
Mustafa Z Younis
Mustafa Z Younis speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr MZ Younis is an internationally recognized scholar and was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Society for Research of Healthcare Financial Management. Dr Younis has authored and published over 200 articles, abstracts and presentations in refereed journals and meetings, and has presented at national and international conferences. Dr Younis has administrative experience as Senior Adviser for the President at Zirve University, Turkey and as Chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Florida International University (FL, USA) where he led the accreditation efforts for the Healthcare Management Program...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933409/imaging-trends-in-suspected-appendicitis-a-canadian-perspective
#9
Victoria F Tan, Michael N Patlas, Douglas S Katz
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to assess trends in the imaging of suspected appendicitis in adult patients in emergency departments of academic centers in Canada. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 17 academic centers in Canada to be completed by a radiologist who works in emergency radiology. The questionnaires were sent and collected over a period of 4 months from October 2015 to February 2016. RESULTS: Sixteen centers (94%) responded to the questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#10
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932823/hereditary-dentine-dysplasias-terminology-in-the-context-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
M Chetty, T Roberts, L X G Stephen, P Beighton
Hereditary dentine dysplasias (HDD) such as dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) and dentine dysplasia (DD) are a group of genetic conditions characterised by an abnormal dentine structure due to disturbances in the formation, composition, or organisation of the dentine matrix. Either the primary or both primary and secondary dentition are affected to varying degrees. These disorders result from mutations in the genes encoding the major protein constituents of dentine, notably collagens and phosphoproteins. The clinical and radiological features of the hereditary dentine dysplasias (HDD) are relevant to clinical dentistry, in particular osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) which is a well-known heterogeneous genetic disorder...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932631/dying-in-the-hospital-setting-a-meta-synthesis-identifying-the-elements-of-end-of-life-care-that-patients-and-their-families-describe-as-being-important
#12
REVIEW
Claudia Virdun, Tim Luckett, Karl Lorenz, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Despite most expected deaths occurring in hospital, optimal end-of-life care is not available for all in this setting. AIM: To gain a richer and deeper understanding of elements of end-of-life care that consumers consider most important within the hospital setting. DESIGN: A meta-synthesis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Google, Google Scholar and CareSearch for qualitative studies published between 1990 and April 2015 reporting statements by consumers regarding important elements of end-of-life hospital care...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932546/what-can-a-participatory-approach-to-evaluation-contribute-to-the-field-of-integrated-care
#13
Laura Eyre, Michael Farrelly, Martin Marshall
Better integration of care within the health sector and between health and social care is seen in many countries as an essential way of addressing the enduring problems of dwindling resources, changing demographics and unacceptable variation in quality of care. Current research evidence about the effectiveness of integration efforts supports neither the enthusiasm of those promoting and designing integrated care programmes nor the growing efforts of practitioners attempting to integrate care on the ground. In this paper we present a methodological approach, based on the principles of participatory research, that attempts to address this challenge...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932469/alejandra-san-martin-academic-romantic
#14
Ruth Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932345/comprehensive-cognitive-assessments-are-not-necessary-for-the-identification-and-treatment-of-learning-disabilities
#15
REVIEW
Jack M Fletcher, Jeremy Miciak
There is considerable controversy about the necessity of cognitive assessment as part of an evaluation for learning and attention problems. The controversy should be adjudicated through an evaluation of empirical research. We review five sources of evidence commonly provided as support for cognitive assessment as part of the learning disability (LD) identification process, highlighting significant gaps in empirical research and where existing evidence is insufficient to establish the reliability and validity of cognitive assessments used in this way...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932341/older-patient-considering-treatment-for-advanced-renal-disease-protocol-for-a-scoping-review-of-the-information-available-for-shared-decision-making
#16
Rajesh Raj, Kiran D K Ahuja, Mai Frandsen, Matthew Jose
INTRODUCTION: Older adults constitute the largest group of patients on dialysis in most parts of the world. Management of advanced renal disease in the older adult is complex; treatment outcomes and prognosis can be markedly different from younger patients. Clinical teams caring for such patients are often called on to provide information regarding prognosis and outcomes with treatment-particularly, the comparison between having dialysis treatment versus not having dialysis. These discussions can be difficult for clinicians because they have to contend with incomplete or nascent data regarding prognosis and outcomes in this age group...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932067/nivolumab-plus-ipilimumab-as-first-line-treatment-for-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-checkmate-012-results-of-an-open-label-phase-1-multicohort-study
#17
Matthew D Hellmann, Naiyer A Rizvi, Jonathan W Goldman, Scott N Gettinger, Hossein Borghaei, Julie R Brahmer, Neal E Ready, David E Gerber, Laura Q Chow, Rosalyn A Juergens, Frances A Shepherd, Scott A Laurie, William J Geese, Shruti Agrawal, Tina C Young, Xuemei Li, Scott J Antonia
BACKGROUND: Nivolumab has shown improved survival in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with chemotherapy. We assessed the safety and activity of combination nivolumab plus ipilimumab as first-line therapy for NSCLC. METHODS: The open-label, phase 1, multicohort study (CheckMate 012) cohorts reported here were enrolled at eight US academic centres. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older with histologically or cytologically confirmed recurrent stage IIIb or stage IV, chemotherapy-naive NSCLC...
December 2, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932050/icu-telemedicine-program-financial-outcomes
#18
Craig M Lilly, Christine Motzkus, Teresa Rincon, Shawn E Cody, Karen Landry, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) telemedicine improves access to high quality critical care, has substantial costs, and can change financial outcomes. Detailed information about financial outcomes and their trends over time following tele-ICU implementation and after the addition of logistic center function has not been published. METHODS: Primary data were collected for consecutive adult patients of a single academic medical center. We compared clinical and financial outcomes across 3 groups that differed with regard to telemedicine support: a group without tele-ICU support (Pre-ICU intervention group), a group with tele-ICU support (ICU Telemedicine group) and a tele-ICU group with added logistical center functions and support for quality care standardization (Logistic Center Group)...
December 5, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932005/estimating-community-level-costs-of-preterm-birth
#19
E S Hall, J M Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To develop generalizable methods for estimating the economic impact of preterm birth at the community level on initial hospital expenditures, educational attainment and lost earnings as well as to estimate potential savings associated with reductions in preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective, population-based analysis used vital statistics and population demographics from Hamilton County, Ohio, USA, in 2012. METHODS: We adjusted previously reported, mean initial hospital cost estimates (stratified by each week of gestation) to 2012 dollars using national cost-to-charge ratios...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931950/patient-acceptance-of-the-optical-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyps
#20
Shinichiro Sakata, Antonio H S Lee, Ammar O Kheir, Nicholas J Tutticci, Sanjeev Naidu, Andrew R L Stevenson, David G Hewett
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Optical diagnosis allows for real-time endoscopic assessment of colorectal polyp histology and consists of the "resect and discard" and "diagnose and leave" paradigms. This survey assessed patient acceptance of optical diagnosis and their responses to a hypothetical doomsday scenario. METHODS: A 3-month cross-sectional survey of colonoscopy outpatients presenting to an Australian academic endoscopy center. RESULTS: 981 patients completed the survey (76...
December 5, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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