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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#1
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550765/social-and-academic-premorbid-adjustment-domains-predict-different-functional-outcomes-among-youth-with-first-episode-mania
#2
Aswin Ratheesh, Christopher G Davey, Rothanthi Daglas, Craig Macneil, Melissa Hasty, Kate Filia, Patrick D McGorry, Michael Berk, Philippe Conus, Sue Cotton
BACKGROUND: Premorbid characteristics may help predict the highly variable functional and illness outcomes of young people with early stage Bipolar Disorder (BD). We sought to examine the relationships between premorbid adjustment and short to medium-term outcomes after a first treated episode of mania. METHODS: We examined the baseline and 18-month follow-up characteristics of 117 participants with first episode of mania, treated at two tertiary early intervention services in Melbourne, Australia...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550309/the-ppsu-plasmids-for-generating-dna-molecular-weight-markers
#3
Ryan C Henrici, Turner J Pecen, James L Johnston, Song Tan
Visualizing nucleic acids by gel electrophoresis is one of the most common techniques in molecular biology, and reference molecular weight markers or ladders are commonly used for size estimation. We have created the pPSU1 & pPSU2 pair of molecular weight marker plasmids which produce both 100 bp and 1 kb DNA ladders when digested with two common restriction enzymes. The 100 bp ladder fragments have been optimized to migrate appropriately on both agarose and native polyacrylamide, unlike many currently available DNA ladders...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550023/the-super-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-follicle-stimulating-hormone-and-clomiphene-citrate-for-ovarian-stimulation-in-intrauterine-insemination
#4
N A Danhof, M van Wely, Cam Koks, J Gianotten, J P de Bruin, B J Cohlen, D P van der Ham, N F Klijn, Mha van Hooff, Fjm Broekmans, K Fleischer, Cah Janssen, J M Rijn van Weert, J van Disseldorp, M Twisk, M Traas, Mfg Verberg, M J Pelinck, J Visser, Dam Perquin, DES Boks, H R Verhoeve, C F van Heteren, Bwj Mol, S Repping, F van der Veen, M H Mochtar
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of four cycles of intrauterine insemination (IUI) with ovarian stimulation (OS) by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or by clomiphene citrate (CC), and adherence to strict cancellation criteria. SETTING: Randomised controlled trial among 22 secondary and tertiary fertility clinics in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 732 women from couples diagnosed with unexplained or mild male subfertility and an unfavourable prognosis according to the model of Hunault of natural conception...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550007/associations-between-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-nonresponsive-feeding-styles-and-practices-in-mothers-of-young-children-a-systematic-review
#5
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Tatiana Mesa, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem due to increasing rates worldwide. Growing evidence suggests that nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices are important influences on children's eating behaviors and weight status, especially during early childhood. Therefore, understanding parental factors that may influence nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices is significant for the development of interventions to prevent childhood obesity...
May 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549939/scientific-consultation-on-the-safety-and-containment-of-new-poliovirus-strains-for-vaccine-production-clinical-regulatory-testing-and-research-report-of-a-meeting-held-at-nibsc-potters-bar-hertfordshire-uk-6-7th-july-2016
#6
Philip D Minor, Blanche Lane, South Mimms, Potters Bar
When poliomyelitis is totally eradicated from the natural world containment will be vital to prevent its re-emergence. The matter has become pressing as type 2 component of oral polio vaccine was completely withdrawn by May 2016 as wild ty[e 2 was declared eradicated. Work on polioviruses must be contained in accordance with GAPIII (the third version of the Global Action Plan of WHO). Some activities will be essential for years after eradication. Vaccine production and control, surveillance and supportive applied and academic research must all continue...
May 23, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549854/an-empirical-review-of-antimalarial-quality-field-surveys-the-importance-of-characterising-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
James Grech, James Robertson, Jackson Thomas, Gabrielle Cooper, Mark Naunton, Tamsin Kelly
For decades, thousands of people have been dying from malaria infections because of poor-quality medicines (PQMs). While numerous efforts have been initiated to reduce their presence, PQMs are still risking the lives of those seeking treatment. This review addresses the importance of characterising results of antimalarial medicine field surveys based upon the agreement of clearly defined definitions. Medicines found to be of poor quality can be falsified or counterfeit, substandard or degraded. The distinction between these categories is important as each category requires a different countermeasure...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549788/implementation-of-a-multicenter-shoulder-dystocia-injury-prevention-program
#8
Linda Szymanski, Christine Arnold, Arthur J Vaught, Susan LaMantia, Theresa Harris, Andrew J Satin
Although the evidence for supporting the effectiveness of many patient safety practices has increased in recent years, the ability to implement programs to positively impact clinical outcomes across multiple institutions is lagging. Shoulder dystocia simulation has been shown to reduce avoidable patient harm. Neonatal injury from shoulder dystocia contributes to a significant percentage of liability claims. We describe the development and the process of implementation of a shoulder dystocia simulation program across five academic medical centers and their affiliated hospitals united by a common insurance carrier...
May 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549749/shared-decision-making-in-iran-current-and-future-trends
#9
Samira Abbasgholizadeh Rahimi, Mahasti Alizadeh, France Légaré
This paper describes the current situation of shared decision making (SDM) in the Iranian healthcare system, discusses barriers to implementation and gives future directions. What about policy regarding SDM? Although the Ministry of Health and Medical Education has enacted some legislation on informed consent and patients' rights, there is no policy specifically regarding SDM in Iran. What about decision support tools for patients? Although some Iranian researchers and clinicians have highlighted patients' desire to be informed and involved in decisions related to their health, there is no program to develop or evaluate decision support tools such as patient decision aids in Iran...
May 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549737/organizational-intellectual-capital-and-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-a-proposed-conceptual-model
#10
Jason H Gilbert, Diane Von Ah, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: Nurse managers must leverage both the human capital and social capital of the teams they lead in order to produce quality outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between human capital and social capital and how these concepts may work together to produce organizational outcomes through leadership of nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to explore the concepts of human capital and social capital as they relate to nursing leadership in health care organizations...
April 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549668/patient-perspectives-on-diabetes-care-across-the-institute-of-medicine-s-six-domains-of-quality
#11
I J Halperin, G Mukerji, M Maione, P Segal, M Wolfs, J Goguen, L Jeffs
OBJECTIVES: To gather patient perspectives on quality of care provided in diabetes clinics within the framework of the Institute of Medicine's 6 domains of quality. METHODS: A qualitative study including semi-structured interviews was conducted at 5 academic hospital sites. Transcripts were analyzed using a direct content approach for themes and subthemes with saturation of themes achieved. Purposive sampling was conducted at 5 diabetes clinics (n=47 interviews)...
May 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549648/characterization-of-long-term-gait-deficits-in-mouse-dmcao-using-the-catwalk-system
#12
E Caballero-Garrido, J C Pena-Philippides, Z Galochkina, E Erhardt, T Roitbak
Evaluation of functional outcome is widely used across species to assess the recovery process following various pathological conditions, including spinal cord injury, musculo-skeletal injury, mithochondrial disease, neuropathic cancer, Huntington's disease, chronic pain, cortical lesion, and olivocerebellar degeneration among others. The Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) recommends multiple endpoints for behavioral studies in pre-clinical stroke research, to demonstrate their clinical relevance...
May 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549612/variation-in-cesarean-birth-rates-by-labor-and-delivery-nurses
#13
Joyce K Edmonds, Michele O'Hara, Sean P Clarke, Neel Shah
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in the cesarean birth rates of women cared for by labor and delivery nurses. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One high-volume labor and delivery unit at an academic medical center in a major metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Labor and delivery nurses who cared for nulliparous women who gave birth to term, singleton fetuses in vertex presentation. METHODS: Data were extracted from electronic hospital birth records from January 1, 2013 through June 30, 2015...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549595/mental-health-service-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-or-queer-college-students
#14
Michael S Dunbar, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, Rajeev Ramchand, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D Stein
PURPOSE: College students are at high risk for mental health problems, yet many do not receive treatment even when services are available. Treatment needs may be even higher among sexual minority students, but little is known about how these students differ from heterosexual peers in terms of mental health needs and service utilization. METHODS: A total of 33,220 California college students completed an online survey on mental health needs (e.g., current serious psychological distress and mental health-related academic impairment) and service utilization...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549520/-taking-over-somebody-s-life-experiences-of-surrogate-decision-makers-in-the-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#15
Elizabeth J Lilley, Megan A Morris, Nicholas Sadovnikoff, Jamahal M Luxford, Navin R Changoor, Anna Bystricky, Angela M Bader, Zara Cooper
BACKGROUND: Impaired capacity of patients necessitates the use of surrogates to make decisions on behalf of patients. Little is known about surrogate decision-making in the surgical intensive care unit, where the decline to critical illness is often unexpected. We sought to explore surrogate experiences with decision-making in the surgical intensive care unit. METHODS: This qualitative study was performed at 2 surgical intensive care units at a single, tertiary, academic hospital Surrogate decision-makers who had made a major medical decision for a patient in the surgical intensive care unit were identified and enrolled prospectively...
May 23, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549480/improving-the-appropriateness-of-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-homes-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-an-academic-detailing-intervention
#16
L Desveaux, M Saragosa, J Rogers, L Bevan, H Loshak, A Moser, S Feldman, L Regier, L Jeffs, N M Ivers
BACKGROUND: In 2014, nursing home administration and government officials were facing increasing public and media scrutiny around the variation of antipsychotic medication (APM) prescribing across Ontario nursing homes. In response, policy makers partnered to test an academic detailing (AD) intervention to address appropriate prescribing of APM in nursing homes in a cluster-randomized trial. This mixed-methods study aimed to explore how and why the AD intervention may have resulted in changes in the nursing home context...
May 26, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549469/are-children-participating-in-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention-more-physically-active
#17
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children's physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The purpose of this large-scale quasi-experimental study was to determine if children who participate regularly in EOtC spend more time being physically active than children who do not. METHODS: In the 2014/2015 study TEACHOUT, classes were recruited in pairs such that each EOtC class had a non-EOtC comparison class at the same school and grade level...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549464/is-the-delivery-of-a-quality-improvement-education-programme-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-for-final-year-medical-students-feasible-and-still-effective-in-a-shortened-time-frame
#18
Bridget Kool, Michelle R Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony, Susan Wells
BACKGROUND: Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory and skills in Year 5 teaching, and the opportunity to put this into practice during an Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) clinical attachment in Year 6. In 2015, a revised medical school curriculum at the university resulted in a planned reduction of the O&G attachment from five weeks to four, necessitating revision of the Year 6 Quality Improvement (QI) project...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#19
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549382/is-remote-health-different-to-rural-health
#20
John Wakerman, Lisa Bourke, John S Humphreys, Judy Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The study identifies the differences between rural health and remote health and describes key distinctive characteristics of remote health. METHODS: The study used a mixed method approach of interviews and questionnaires (utilising a Likert scale) with expert stakeholders in rural health and remote health. A total of 45 interviews were conducted with experts selected from every state and territory of Australia. Of these, 41 also completed a questionnaire, of which 21 respondents were female, 20 identified predominantly as academics while six, five and five indicated that they worked in policy, advocacy and as a practitioner, respectively...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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