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Electrostimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152190/sex-and-weaponry-the-distribution-of-toxin-storage-glands-on-the-bodies-of-male-and-female-cane-toads-rhinella-marina
#1
Wei Chen, Cameron M Hudson, Jayna L DeVore, Richard Shine
The parotoid macroglands of bufonid anurans store (and can expel) large volumes of toxic secretions and have attracted detailed research. However, toxins also are stored in smaller glands that are distributed on the limbs and dorsal surface of the body. Female and male cane toads (Rhinella marina) differ in the location of toxin-storage glands and the extent of glandular structures. Female toads store a larger proportion of their toxins in the parotoids than males as well as (to a lesser extent) in smaller glands on the forelimbs...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142848/injury-of-the-external-branch-of-the-superior-laryngeal-nerve-in-thyroid-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Andre S Potenza, Vergilius J F Araujo Filho, Claudio R Cernea
The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) innervates the cricothyroid muscle (CTM) to promote lengthening and thinning of the vocal fold, thus increasing voice pitch. The close relation with the superior thyroid vessels (STV) puts the EBSLN in risk every time the superior pole of the thyroid is dissected. It travels downward to innervate the CTM, lateral to the thyroid cartilage and to the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle (IPCM), being eventually covered by this muscle fibers as it approaches its entry point...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131756/combined-use-of-modulated-ultrasound-and-electric-current-stimulation-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-case-series
#3
T O'Connor, Z Moore, D Patton, P Wilson, C Gillen, M Hughes, A Reilly
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a significant challenge in wound care practice. Our aim was to evaluate the combined use of of two therapies, ultrasound and electrostimulation, in the treatment of DFUs. METHOD: This study employed a prospective, non-comparative, case series design, undertaken in a podiatry-led diabetic foot clinic, in an acute hospital setting, in an urban location in Ireland. We recruited patinets with hard-to-heal DFUs who were treated twice a week with combined modulated ultrasound and electric current stimulation...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122535/limited-output-transcranial-electrical-stimulation-lotes-2017-engineering-principles-regulatory-statutes-and-industry-standards-for-wellness-over-the-counter-or-prescription-devices-with-low-risk
#4
Marom Bikson, Bhaskar Paneri, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Zeinab Esmaeilpour, Bashar W Badran, Robin Azzam, Devin Adair, Abhishek Datta, Xiao Hui Fang, Brett Wingeier, Daniel Chao, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Kiwon Lee, Helena Knotkova, Adam J Woods, David Hagedorn, Doug Jeffery, James Giordano, William J Tyler
We present device standards for low-power non-invasive electrical brain stimulation devices classified as limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). Emerging applications of limited output tES to modulate brain function span techniques to stimulate brain or nerve structures, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS), have engendered discussion on how access to technology should be regulated...
October 17, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097318/systematic-review-for-the-2017-aha-acc-hrs-guideline-for-management-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#5
Fred M Kusumoto, Kent R Bailey, Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Sandeep Gautam, Robert J Kim, Daniel B Kramer, Litsa K Lambrakos, Naseer H Nasser, Dan Sorajja
BACKGROUND: Although large randomized clinical trials have found that primary prevention use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure symptoms, patients who receive ICDs in practice are often older and have more comorbidities than patients who were enrolled in the clinical trials. In addition, there is a debate among clinicians on the usefulness of electrophysiological study for risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome...
October 25, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097297/systematic-review-for-the-2017-aha-acc-hrs-guideline-for-management-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#6
Fred M Kusumoto, Kent R Bailey, Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Sandeep Gautam, Robert J Kim, Daniel B Kramer, Litsa K Lambrakos, Naseer H Nasser, Dan Sorajja
BACKGROUND: Although large randomized clinical trials have found that primary prevention use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure symptoms, patients who receive ICDs in practice are often older and have more comorbidities than patients who were enrolled in the clinical trials. In addition, there is a debate among clinicians on the usefulness of electrophysiological study for risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071973/-transcutaneous-electrostimulation-of-auricular-otopoints-reduces-epileptic-attack-possibly-by-suppressing-hippocampal-gliocyte-proliferation-and-regulating-il-6-and-il-10-expression-in-chronic-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-rats
#7
Li-Na Qiao, Hai-Long Yang, Lian-Hong Tan, Jiao-Jiao Yang, Qiao-Ling Gao, Sheng-Hong Zhou, Yong-Chen Zhang, Yong-Sheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous otopoint electrostimulaiton (TCOES) on seizure frequency, immunoreactivity of hippocampal gliocytes and expression of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-6(IL-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (CTLE) rats, so as to investigate its antiepileptic mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-six SD rats were randomly divided into control, model and TCOES groups (n=12 in each group). The CTLE model was established by intraperitoneal injection (i...
June 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071968/-clinical-trials-for-treatment-of-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia-by-vitalstim-electroacupuncture-combined-with-swallowing-rehabilitation-training
#8
Sheng-Yu Zhang, Shao-Bing Liu, Wei Wu, Yi-Min Chen, Kang-Lin Liao, Yong Xiang, Dun Pan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of vitalstim electroacupuncture (EA) combined with swallowing rehabilitation training in the treatment of stroke patients with dysphagia. METHODS: A total of 80 stroke patients with dysphagia were randomized into treatment and control groups (n=40 in each group). Patients of the control group were treated by regular medication for anti-platelet aggregation and anti-coagulation, lipid-lowering, neuroprotection, blood glucose control and blood pressure control, etc...
April 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067139/influence-of-electroacupuncture-and-laser-acupuncture-on-treating-paresthesia-in-patients-submitted-to-combined-orthognathic-surgery-and-genioplasty
#9
Renata F de Oliveira, Ricardo S Goldman, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Patricia Moreira de Freitas
Objective: The goal of this research was to observe the influence of electroacupuncture (EA) and laser-acupuncture on the return of tactile/pain sensitivity in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: Thirty volunteers subjected to orthognathic surgery were evaluated and randomly divided into 2 groups, in which 3 treatments were evaluated: control (n = 30) (G0, medication + placebo laser treatment) and 2 experimental treatments (n = 15) (G1, medication + EA) or G2 (medication + laser-acupuncture)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060082/retinal-electrostimulation-in-rats-activation-thresholds-from-superior-colliculus-and-visual-cortex-recordings
#10
Alejandro Barriga-Rivera, Tianruo Guo, John W Morley, Nigel H Lovell, Gregg J Suaning
Retinal neuromodulation is an emerging therapeutic approach to restore functional vision to those suffering retinal photoreceptor degeneration. The retina encodes visual information and transmits it to the brain. Replicating this retinal code through electrical stimulation is essential to improving the performance of visual prostheses. In doing so, the first step relies on precise neural recordings from visual centers that allow studying the response of these neurons to electrical stimulation of the retina...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048692/effects-of-electrical-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#11
Salvador Fornell, Juan Ribera, Mario Mella, Andrés Carranza, David Serrano-Toledano, Gabriel Domecq
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine whether the use of an internal electrostimulator could improve the results obtained with core decompression alone in the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 41 patients (55 hips) treated for osteonecrosis of the femoral head between 2005 and 2014. Mean follow-up time was 56 (12-108) months. We recorded 3 parameters: time to recurrence of pain, time to conversion to arthroplasty and time to radiographic failure...
October 16, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043374/-overactive-bladder-which-treatment-when
#12
REVIEW
J Pannek
The term OAB (overactive bladder) describes a symptom complex. Therefore, initial treatment should be based on clinical symptoms and the results of basic diagnostics. Patient preference is essential for the choice of the initial treatment. Behavioural therapy, electrostimulation and medical treatment are available treatment options. If these are not effective, extended diagnostic examinations should be performed prior to minimally invasive treatments, like onabotulinumtoxin injections in the detrusor or sacral neuromodulation...
October 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038073/protective-role-of-metallothionein-during-regeneration-in-eisenia-andrei-exposed-to-cadmium
#13
Agnieszka Rorat, Franck Vandenbulcke, Adrianna Gałuszka, Beata Klimek, Barbara Plytycz
Lumbricid earthworms are often exposed to simultaneous action of various environmental stressors like soil contamination, temperature fluctuation or predators' attacks, which may induce extrusion of coelomocyte-containing coelomic fluid or loss of tail segments. If the injuries are not lethal, renewal of the immune-competent cells and soluble components of coelomic fluid and/or the regeneration of tail segments occurs. The aim of our investigations was to test the hypothesis that exposure of adult earthworms Eisenia andrei to cadmium-polluted soil at room temperature (RT) and/or low temperature (6°C) have adverse effects on restoration of experimentally depleted coelomocytes or on regeneration of amputated posterior segments...
December 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017150/collection-evaluation-and-coagulum-dissolution-of-semen-from-goeldi-s-monkey-callimico-goeldii
#14
Paloma Rocha Arakaki, Fernanda Maria de Carvalho, Paulo Henrique Gomes de Castro, José Augusto Pereira Carneiro Muniz, Rodrigo Del Rio do Valle
Research on Neotropical primates' reproduction is necessary due to the lack of available information and the increasing threat to these species. Callimico goeldii is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This study aimed to test rectal electrostimulation for semen collection and evaluate seminal characteristics. Therefore, semen from 6 captive Goeldi's monkeys was collected and, for the first time, seminal characteristics are described. Coagulum formation was noted in all ejaculates, and we obtained partial or complete liquefaction of the samples...
2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989049/individual-variability-of-the-human-cerebral-cortex-identified-using-intraoperative-mapping
#15
Johan Pallud, Marc Zanello, Grégory Kuchcinski, Alexandre Roux, Jun Muto, Charles Mellerio, Edouard Dezamis, Catherine Oppenheim
BACKGROUND: The intraoperative functional cortical mapping using direct electrical stimulation may show a wider individual variability than those suggested by non-invasive imaging data on healthy subjects. METHODS: We assessed the intraoperative variability of the frontal eye fields and of the speech arrest sites in adult patients having undergone a wide-awake craniotomy with direct electrostimulation for diffuse gliomas located within eloquent regions and we compared with the human cortical parcellation of the Human Connectome Project (Glasser, Nature, 2016)...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943040/treatment-of-musculo-skeletal-pain-in-haemophilia
#16
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
Musculo-skeletal pain treatment is inadequate in many haemophilic patients. Analgesics are used only by 36% of adult patients. FVIII/FIX intravenous infusion is mainly used to lessen pain, followed in frequency by usage of NSAIDS (primarily COX-2 inhibitors). In about 30% of patients, pain continues after infusion of F VIII/IX. In acute haemarthroses pain treatment must continue until total disappearance (checked by ultrasonography) and include haematologic treatment, short-term rest of the involved joint, cryotherapy, joint aspiration and analgesic medication (paracetamol in mild pain, metamizole for more intense pain, and in a few precise patients, soft opioids such as codeine or tramadol)...
September 19, 2017: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905348/-a-rare-complication-of-transrectal-electrostimulation-for-sperm-retrieval
#17
Jürgen Pannek, Dirk Leuth, Jens Wöllner
In men who wish to have children after a spinal cord injury, assisted ejaculation is frequently needed for sperm retrieval. Transrectal electrostimulation (TES) is often used for this purpose. Typical side effects of TES are autonomic dysreflexia or pain. In a 33-year old man with complete tetraplegia below C6 since 2004, TES caused massive leg spasticity, leading to transcervical fracture of the femoral neck. This previously unreported complication of TES demonstrates that, in men with long-term chronic tetraplegia, spasticity and osteoporosis, TES in anesthesia should be taken into consideration...
September 13, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880331/ciliary-muscle-electrostimulation-to-restore-accommodation-in-patients-with-early-presbyopia-preliminary-results
#18
Luca Gualdi, Federica Gualdi, Dario Rusciano, Renato Ambrósio, Marcella Q Salomão, Bernardo Lopes, Veronica Cappello, Tatiana Fintina, Massimo Gualdi
PURPOSE: To report short-term results of pulsed ciliary muscle electrostimulation to improve near vision, likely through restoring accommodation in patients with emmetropic presbyopia. METHODS: In a prospective non-randomized trial, 27 patients from 40 to 51 years old were treated and 13 age- and refraction-matched individuals served as untreated controls. All patients had emmetropia and needed near sphere add between +0.75 and +1.50 diopters. The protocol included four sessions (one every 2 weeks within a 2-month period) of bilateral pulsed (2 sec on; 6 sec off) micro-electrostimulation with 26 mA for 8 minutes, using a commercially available medical device...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796918/a-hydrogel-carbon-nanotube-needle-free-device-for-electrostimulated-skin-drug-delivery
#19
Jean-François Guillet, Emmanuel Flahaut, Muriel Golzio
The permeability of skin allows passive diffusion across the epidermis to reach blood vessels but this is possible only for small molecules such as nicotine. In order to achieve transdermal delivery of large molecules such as insulin or plasmid DNA, permeability of the skin and mainly the permeability of the stratum corneum skin layer has to be increased. Moreover, alternative routes that avoid the use of needles will improve the quality of life of patients. A method known as electropermeabilisation has been shown to increase skin permeability...
August 10, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792105/transcutaneous-posterior-tibial-nerve-electrostimulation-with-low-dose-trospium-chloride-could-it-be-used-as-a-second-line-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-females
#20
Amr Abulseoud, Ahmed Moussa, Gaber Abdelfattah, Ibrahim Ibrahim, Emmanuel Saba, Mohamed Hassouna
AIM: To evaluate the effect of adding low dose trospium chloride with transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (TPTNS) in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in females after failure of behavioral therapy. METHODS: We randomized 30 women with OAB, in two groups: G I received 30 min TPTNS, three times a week; GII received TPTNS plus 20 mg trospium chloride daily. OAB Symptom Score questionnaire (OABSS), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-short form 7 (IIQ-7), 3 day voiding diary and urodynamics at weeks 0 and 8 were evaluated...
August 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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