keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypertension and chronic kidney disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816692/questionnaires-in-patients-with-unilateral-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#1
Gyu Ho Hwang, Jae Woo Joo, In Sik Song, Yoon Chan Rah, June Choi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the prognostic value of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) in patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 101 patients with unilateral SSNHL (44 women, 57 men), who were admitted and treated at our institution between December 2012 and June 2014, were included in the study. All patients completed the questionnaires for DHI and THI during their admission and were treated with bed rest and oral methylprednisolone (1 mg/kg, which was eventually tapered)...
August 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814591/spleno-renal-artery-transposition-in-a-solitary-functioning-kidney-for-treatment-resistant-hypertension-and-acute-kidney-injury
#2
Subash Somalanka, Fiona E Harris, Eric Chemla, Rebecca Jo Suckling, Pauline A Swift
Renal Artery Stenosis (RAS) is an important cause of treatment-resistant hypertension. Uncontrolled hypertension with RAS can cause progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) leading to end-stage kidney disease. Therapeutic revascularisation can be helpful in appropriate circumstances where pharmaceutical intervention has failed and significant renovascular disease contributes to resistant hypertension. We present an interesting case of a Caucasian male with peripheral vasculopathy, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), single functioning kidney and ostial RAS caused by stent struts from an endovascular AAA stent graft...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811809/peppered-and-rare-gastric-and-duodenal-pseudomelanosis-a-case-series
#3
Sami Samiullah, Hadi Bhurgri, Arooj Babar, Fatima Samad, Moaz M Choudhary, Michael Demyen
Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) pseudomelanosis is an uncommon entity characterized by endoscopic visualization of speckled dark mucosal pigmentation. While described in the rectum and colon, 'melanosis' or more aptly 'pseudomelanosis' is rare in the duodenum and exceedingly rare in the stomach. Five cases of pseudomelanosis were encountered at our department. Four females and one male were diagnosed, with a mean age of 70 years. All patients exhibited duodenal pseudomelanosis, with one demonstrating gastric antral pseudomelanosis as well...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809621/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-mortality-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Abdullahi Mudi, Caroline Dickens, Cecil Levy, Daynia Ballot
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) begins early in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and its progression is determined by the presence of single or multiple cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of CVRFs in children with CKD and their association with mortality in children on chronic dialysis. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study recruited children aged 5 - 18 years with all stages of CKD...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805480/current-evidence-on-the-use-of-anti-raas-agents-in-congenital-or-acquired-solitary-kidney
#5
Mariadelina Simeoni, Annarita Armeni, Chiara Summaria, Annamaria Cerantonio, Giorgio Fuiano
RATIONAL: The inhibition of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a major strategy for slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The utility of anti-RAAS agents in patients with congenital or acquired solitary kidney is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature review was conducted. MAIN FINDINGS: The conclusions of the few available studies on the topic are homogeneously in agreement with a long-term reno-protective activity of anti-RAAS drugs in patients with solitary kidney, especially if patients are hypertensive or proteinuric...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804978/birthweight-and-serum-uric-acid-in-american-adolescents
#6
Erika T Rhone, J Bryan Carmody
Elevated serum uric acid is associated with hypertension and chronic kidney disease. We evaluated the relationship between birthweight and uric acid in a nationally representative sample of 5390 US adolescents aged 12-15 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. There was an inverse association between birthweight and uric acid after adjustment for sex, age, race, obesity, and dietary sodium intake. Each 1 kg increase in birthweight was associated with decreased uric acid by 0...
August 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802945/effect-of-dual-compared-to-no-or-single-renin-angiotensin-system-blockade-on-risk-of-renal-replacement-therapy-or-death-in-predialysis-patients-prepare-2-study
#7
Pauline W M Voskamp, Friedo W Dekker, Merel van Diepen, Ellen K Hoogeveen
Current guidelines on hypertension treatment in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients discourage combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) use due to the risk of an increased kidney function decline. However, dual compared to single renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade may have more efficacy with regard to hypertension and proteinuria. Among incident predialysis patients (CKD 4-5), we compared dual with no or single RAS blockade regarding kidney function decline and risk of renal replacement therapy (RRT) or death...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802520/an-analysis-of-long-term-ischemic-stroke-risk-in-survivors-of-septicemia
#8
Chun-An Cheng, Chun-Gu Cheng, Jiuun-Tay Lee, Hung-Che Lin, Cheng-Chung Cheng, Hung-Wen Chiu
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis increases the long-term incidence of ischemic stroke (IS). The chances for long-term IS in patients who are discharged after sepsis are unclear. Our aim was to demonstrate long-term risk chances of IS after septicemia discharge. We used a nomogram to identify those septicemia survivors with the higher risk of developing IS. METHODS: Inpatient data were used from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, from 2001 to 2003. The event was IS rehospitalization after discharge of septicemia...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795146/refining-the-policy-for-timing-of-kidney-transplant-waitlist-qualification
#9
Benjamin J Lee, Charles E McCulloch, Barbara A Grimes, Sindhu Chandran, Isabel Elaine Allen, Cynthia Delgado, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Earlier qualification for the kidney transplant waitlist expedites transplant and is therefore associated with improved outcomes. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network policies state that "measured or calculated creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 20 mL/min" triggers waitlist time accrual. The choice of qualification method is somewhat arbitrary, and the policy implies that decline in renal function is monotonic. METHODS: (1) We used survival analysis to quantify temporal differences in waitlist qualification by applying 3 kidney-function-estimating equations (Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) to serial creatinine measurements from 3 patient cohorts: 1 of waitlisted patients at a major U...
August 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794898/a-multicenter-cohort-study-of-primary-hypertension-in-korea-study-design-and-interim-analysis-of-the-korean-registry-of-target-organ-damage-in-hypertension-korhr
#10
Suk-Won Choi, Seong Woo Han, Jong Sun Ok, Byung-Su Yoo, Mi-Seung Shin, Sung Ha Park, Kyu-Hyung Ryu
BACKGROUND: The Korean Registry of Target Organ Damage in Hypertension aims to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prevalence of subclinical target organ damage in Korean hypertensive patients. METHOD: This is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study in which 23 university hospitals participated. Since May 2013, we have enrolled 1,318 consecutive hypertensive patients without known cardiovascular disease who met the following inclusion criteria: 1) age older than 30 years and 2) the first visit to the participating hospitals was within the last 5 years...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794651/hypertension-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-management-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Claire M Gallibois, Natasha A Jawa, Damien G Noone
In contrast to adults where hypertension is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease, in pediatrics, hypertension is predominantly a sequela, however, an important one that, like in adults, is likely associated with a more rapid decline in kidney function or progression of chronic kidney disease to end stage. There is a significant issue with unrecognized, or masked, hypertension in childhood chronic kidney disease. Recent evidence and, therefore, guidelines now suggest targeting a blood pressure of <50th percentile for age, sex, and height in children with proteinuria and chronic kidney disease...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794288/kidney-disease-in-oman-a-view-of-the-current-and-future-landscapes
#12
Intisar Hamed Al Alawi, Issa Al Salmi, Adhra Al Mawali, John A Sayer
Oman is located in the southeast of Arabian Peninsula with a relatively young population of about 3 831 553 people. The Ministry of Health, which is the healthcare provider, is facing a challenge with the increased levels of noncommunicable diseases including chronic kidney disease. A growing number of patients progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), demanding renal replacement therapy. In 2014, there were 1339 of ESKD patients receiving dialysis and almost 1400 patients received kidney transplants. The estimated annual incidence of ESKD is 120 patients per million population...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782823/drugs-and-the-kidneys-clinical-pharmacology-perspectives
#13
EDITORIAL
John Vincent
The focus of this edition of Clinical Pharmacolgoy & Therapeutics (CPT) is on drugs and renal function and will not include a detailed discussion of kidney disease and its treatment. It is well recognized that drugs affect the kidneys in different ways, while kidney disease impacts drug metabolism and response. It is impossible to underestimate the value of the kidneys to man in health and disease, from regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance to participating in drug metabolism and transport. Additionally, the kidneys serve as targets for drugs used to treat cardiovascular (CV) diseases including hypertension and heart failure, metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and obesity, chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well as playing a role in the regulation of several hormones...
September 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782299/continuous-erythropoiesis-receptor-activator-cera-for-the-anaemia-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Valeria M Saglimbene, Suetonia C Palmer, Marinella Ruospo, Patrizia Natale, Jonathan C Craig, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Continuous erythropoiesis receptor activator (CERA) is a newer, longer acting ESA which might be preferred to other ESAs (epoetin or darbepoetin) based on its lower frequency of administration. Different dosing requirements and molecular characteristics of CERA compared with other ESAs may lead to different health outcomes (mortality, cardiovascular events, quality of life) in people with anaemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVES: To assess benefits and harms of CERA compared with other epoetins (darbepoetin alfa and epoetin alfa or beta) or placebo/no treatment or CERA with differing strategy of administration for anaemia in individuals with CKD...
August 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781372/uromodulin-from-physiology-to-rare-and-complex-kidney-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Olivier Devuyst, Eric Olinger, Luca Rampoldi
Uromodulin (also known as Tamm-Horsfall protein) is exclusively produced in the kidney and is the most abundant protein in normal urine. The function of uromodulin remains elusive, but the available data suggest that this protein might regulate salt transport, protect against urinary tract infection and kidney stones, and have roles in kidney injury and innate immunity. Interest in uromodulin was boosted by genetic studies that reported involvement of the UMOD gene, which encodes uromodulin, in a spectrum of rare and common kidney diseases...
August 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779787/effect-of-statins-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis-access-for-end-stage-renal-disease
#16
Paola De Rango, Basso Parente, Luca Farchioni, Enrico Cieri, Beatrice Fiorucci, Selena Pelliccia, Alessandra Manzone, Gioele Simonte, Massimo Lenti
The benefit of statin therapy in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease remains uncertain. Randomized trials have questioned the efficacy of the drug in improving outcomes for on-dialysis populations, and many patients with end-stage renal disease are not currently taking statins. This study aimed to investigate the impact of statin use on survival of patients with vascular access performed at a vascular center for chronic dialysis. Consecutive end-stage renal disease patients admitted for vascular access surgery in 2006 to 2013 were reviewed...
December 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776267/outcomes-of-patients-with-periprocedural-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusion
#17
Barbara E Stähli, Cathérine Gebhard, Michael Gick, Kambis Mashayekhi, Miroslaw Ferenc, Heinz Joachim Buettner, Franz-Josef Neumann, Aurel Toma
BACKGROUND: Successful CTO recanalization has been associated with clinical benefit. Outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing CTO PCI have not been investigated, yet. AIMS: This study sought to evaluate the association between atrial fibrillation and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTO). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CTO PCI between January 2005 and December 2013 were divided into patients with and without atrial fibrillation, and propensity-matched models used to adjust for baseline differences between groups...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772209/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-raas-the-ubiquitous-system-for-homeostasis-and-pathologies
#18
Seema Patel, Abdur Rauf, Haroon Khan, Tareq Abu-Izneid
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a vital system of human body, as it maintains plasma sodium concentration, arterial blood pressure and extracellular volume. Kidney-secreted renin enzyme acts on its substrate to form angiotensin II, a versatile effector peptide hormone. Every organ is affected by RAAS activation and the resultant hypertension, cell proliferation, inflammation, and fibrosis. The imbalance of renin and angiotensin II can result in an overwhelming number of chronic and acute diseases...
July 31, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771472/micrornas-in-the-mir-17-and-mir-15-families-are-downregulated-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-hypertension
#19
Priyanka Nandakumar, Adrienne Tin, Megan L Grove, Jianzhong Ma, Eric Boerwinkle, Josef Coresh, Aravinda Chakravarti
BACKGROUND: In older adults (aged 70-74 years), African-Americans have 4-fold higher risk of developing hypertension-attributed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than European-Americans. A hypothesized mechanism linking hypertension and progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the innate immune response and inflammation. Persons with CKD are also more susceptible to infection. Gene expression in peripheral blood can provide a view of the innate immune activation profile. We aimed to identify differentially expressed genes, microRNAs, and pathways in peripheral blood between cases with CKD and high blood pressure under hypertension treatment versus controls without CKD and with controlled blood pressure in African Americans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770948/curative-treatment-of-hypertension-by-physical-exercise
#20
M Lou, X-F Zong, L-L Wang
Hypertension, one of the most common chronic and sporadic conditions, figures among the important worldwide public-health challenges, and it is a major risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and other complications, including dementia. Hypertension is neglected by individuals, and the prevalence of this condition continues to rise across the world. A great number of patients receiving medical intervention is not successfully treated, while adequate curative health services are dependent on the exact update data of the countrywide prevalence of known and undetected cases...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
keyword
keyword
101903
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"