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Jaehong Shim, Jeong-Muk Lim, Patrick J Shea, Byung-Taek Oh
Phenol and heavy metals in petroleum waste are environmental and human health concerns, but physicochemical removal is often cost-prohibitive and can produce toxic secondary products and treatment residues. An environmentally benign alternative combines corn cob silica with alginate and immobilized bacteria into beads for treating contaminated water. The concentration of phenol was decreased >92% by Pseudomonas putida YNS1 on aliginate-silica beads (2%, w/v) after equilibrating for 96h with water containing 214mg phenol/L...
May 15, 2014: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Adel Hamza, Yu Lan Piao, Mi-Sun Kim, Cheol Hee Choi, Chang-Guo Zhan, Hoon Cho
The homology model of the wild type alginate lyase (AlyVI) marine bacterium Vibrio sp. protein, was built using the crystal structure of the Family 7 alginate lyase from Sphingomonas sp. A1. To rationalize the observed structure-affinity relationships of aliginate lyase alyVI with its (GGG) substrate, molecular docking, MD imulations and binding free energy calculations followed by site-directed mutagenesis and alyVI activity assays were carried out. Per-residue decomposition of the (GGG) binding energy revealed that the most important contributions were from polar and charged residues, such as Asn138, Arg143, Asn217, and Lys308, while van der Waals interactions were responsible for binding with the catalytic His200 and Tyr312 residues...
December 2011: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Saadettin Dağistan, A Esin Aktas, Fatma Caglayan, Ahmet Ayyildiz, Murat Bilge
Denture-induced stomatitis usually occurs in persons who wear a complete or a partial denture. Among the many aetiological and predisposing factors, Candida spp. are believed to play an important role in the initiation and progression of the infection. Seventy cases who attended the clinics of the Dental Faculty, University of Atatürk, Turkey were investigated from the viewpoint of denture-induced stomatitis. After questioning the patients for their personal information, they were examined clinically and smears were obtained from lesions of the palatal mucosa and the contiguous denture surface by calcium aliginate swabs, and inoculated onto Sabouraud dextrose agar supplemented with 1% chloramphenicol, and CHROMagar Candida...
May 2009: Mycoses
S M Al-Salem
During the past decade, plastic solid waste (PSW) has increased drastically in the state of Kuwait, amounting to 13% of the waste load. Most ends up in landfills with only a minor percentage being recycled. In this study, a databank was established to include plastic manufacturers and converters in Kuwait. The aim was to assess the amount of plastic waste being generated from a number of sources. Types, quantities, and recycling information were gathered and fed into the databank. Kuwait was divided into five sectors to ease data gathering...
January 2009: Waste Management
Lucila Ensuncho, Manuel Alvarez-Cuenca, Raymond L Legge
The main objective of this work was to investigate the removal of aqueous phenol using immobilized enzymes in both bench scale and pilot scale three-phase fluidized bed reactors. The enzyme used in this application was a fungal tyrosinase [E.C.] immobilized in a system of chitosan and alginate. The immobilization matrix consisted of a chitosan matrix cross-linked with glutaraldehyde with an aliginate-filled pore space. This support matrix showed superior mechanical properties along with retaining the unique adsorptive characteristics of the chitosan...
May 2005: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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