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Penetrating cardiac injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670801/nonoperative-management-of-multiple-penetrating-cardiac-and-colon-wounds-from-a-shotgun-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Paula M Jaramillo, Jaime A Montoya, David A Mejia, Salin Pereira Warr
Introduction: Surgery for cardiac trauma is considered fatal and for wounds of the colon by associated sepsis is normally considered; however, conservative management of many traumatic lesions of different injured organs has progressed over the years. Presentation of the Case: A 65-year-old male patient presented with multiple shotgun wounds on the left upper limb, thorax, and abdomen. On evaluation, he was hemodynamically stable with normal sinus rhythm and normal blood pressure, no dyspnea, or abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659947/pediatric-thoracic-trauma-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#2
Ryan J Keneally, Cynthia H Shields, Albert Hsu, Howard I Prior, Kevin M Creamer
Introduction: The objective of this study is to review available data on pediatric thoracic trauma seen at U.S. military treatment facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan and describe the scope of injuries, patterns seen, and associated mortality. The results were compared with adults injured in Iraq and Afghanistan and other reports of pediatric thoracic trauma in the literature. Materials and Methods: The investigators received approval from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences' institutional review board before the study...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617208/analysis-of-prehospital-scene-times-and-interventions-on-mortality-outcomes-in-a-national-cohort-of-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma-patients
#3
Octavia S Ruelas, Craig F Tschautscher, Christine M Lohse, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested improved outcomes in victims of penetrating trauma managed with shorter prehospital times and limited interventions. The purpose of the current study was to perform an outcome analysis of patients transported following penetrating and blunt traumatic injuries. METHODS: We performed a descriptive retrospective analysis of the 2014 National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public release research data set for patients presenting after acute traumatic injury...
April 4, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564472/should-pre-hospital-resuscitative-thoracotomy-be-reserved-only-for-penetrating-chest-trauma
#4
REVIEW
Edward J Nevins, Parisa L Moori, Jonathan Smith-Williams, Nicholas T E Bird, John V Taylor, Nikhil Misra
PURPOSE: The indications for pre-hospital resuscitative thoracotomy (PHRT) remain undefined. The aim of this paper is to explore the variation in practice for PHRT in the UK, and review the published literature. METHODS: MEDLINE and PUBMED search engines were used to identify all relevant articles and 22 UK Air Ambulance Services were sent an electronic questionnaire to assess their PHRT practice. RESULTS: Four European publications report PHRT survival rates of 9...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558419/evaluation-of-two-models-of-non-penetrating-captive-bolt-devices-for-on-farm-euthanasia-of-turkeys
#5
Caitlin R Woolcott, Stephanie Torrey, Patricia V Turner, Lilia Serpa, Karen Schwean-Lardner, Tina M Widowski
On-farm euthanasia is a critical welfare issue in the poultry industry and can be particularly difficult to perform on mature turkeys due to their size. We evaluated the efficacy of two commercially available non-penetrating captive bolt devices, the Zephyr-EXL and the Turkey Euthanasia Device (TED), on 253 turkeys at three stages of production: 4-5, 10, and 15-20 weeks of age. Effectiveness of each device was measured using both ante- and post-mortem measures. Application of the Zephyr-EXL resulted in a greater success rate (immediate abolishment of brainstem reflexes) compared to the TED (97...
March 20, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545982/cocaine-induced-type-a-aortic-dissection-extending-to-the-common-iliac-arteries
#6
Mohamed A Mohamed, Rohit Abraham, Tareq I Maraqa, Samir Elian
Aortic dissection is a rare and fatal complication of cocaine-induced hypertension. The injury mechanism is through shear stress that penetrates the intimal vessel layer, allowing blood flow to separate intimal and medial layers. Due to its scarcity and the paucity of related literature, our knowledge of this condition is limited. We present a rare case of a cocaine-induced aortic dissection, which extended continuously from the aortic root to the common iliacs, along with a literature review of similar cases...
January 12, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544413/pediatric-cardiac-trauma-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#7
Konstantinos S Mylonas, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Pavlos Texakalidis, Pouya Hemmati, Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
Literature discussing cardiac injuries in children is limited. Systematic search of PubMed identified 21 studies enrolling 1,062 pediatric patients who experienced cardiac trauma in the United States during the period 1961 to 2012. The predominant type of injury was blunt cardiac contusion affecting 59.7% (n = 634/1,062) of the study population. Motor vehicle crashes (53.5%, n = 391/731) were the leading cause of blunt cardiac trauma, while gunshot wounds (50%, n = 150/300) accounted for most penetrating injuries...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379803/delayed-cardiac-rupture-induced-by-traumatic-myocardial-infarction-consequence-of-a-45-magnum-blast-injury-a-comprehensive-case-review
#8
Holger Rupprecht, Katharina Gaab
A penetrating chest trauma, a myocardial contusion or a myocardial infarction can lead to a cardiac rupture, which is linked to an extreme high death rate. Only few cases with delayed perforation of the myocardium have been reported in literature. We report about a penetrating gunshot injury, which led to a myocardial contusion with secondary delayed rupture of the left ventricle and the left inferior lobe of the lung. The leakage of the lesion in the left ventricle could be sealed sufficiently with fibrin-coated collagen fleeces after adapting stitches with Prolene 2-0...
January 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340811/a-word-of-caution-never-use-tacks-for-mesh-fixation-to-the-diaphragm
#9
F Köckerling, C Schug-Pass, R Bittner
BACKGROUND: The mesh fixation technique used in repair of hiatal hernias and subxiphoid ventral and incisional hernias must meet strenuous requirements. In the literature, there are reports of life-threatening complications with cardiac tamponade and a high mortality rate on using tacks. The continuing practice of tack deployment for mesh fixation to the diaphragm and esophageal hiatus should be critically reviewed. METHODS: In a systematic search of the available literature in May 2017, 23 cases of severe penetrating cardiac complications were identified...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310404/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-cutaneous-burn-and-inhalation-injury-caused-by-hydrofluoric-acid-and-nitric-acid
#10
Qinhua Pu, Jinxian Qian, Weiyi Tao, Aixiang Yang, Jian Wu, Yaodong Wang
RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177620/revisiting-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-should-cpr-be-initiated
#11
Katie L Konesky, Weidun Alan Guo
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) represents a unique problem, and poses difficult challenges in the care of trauma patients. Although the literature has suggested that attempted resuscitation from TCA in trauma is futile and consumptive of medical and human resources, studies have recently demonstrated that the outcome of TCA is comparable cardiac arrest secondary to non-traumatic events. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, predictors, and outcomes following TCA...
November 25, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150222/retrospective-study-of-thoracotomy-performed-in-a-french-level-1-trauma-center
#12
A Mancini, A Bonne, A Pirvu, P Porcu, P Bouzat, J Abba, C Arvieux
OBJECTIVE: Resuscitative thoracotomy, a potentially life-saving procedure, is used exceptionally, and essentially for penetrating trauma. Most of the available literature is American while reports from Europe are sparse. We report our experience in a French level 1-trauma center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient records (patient age, gender, mechanism of injury, indication for emergency thoracotomy, anatomic injuries, interventions and survival) for all patients who underwent emergency thoracotomy between January 2005 and December 2015 were analyzed...
December 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143074/-additional-emergency-medical-measures-in-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#13
B Ondruschka, C Baier, J Dreßler, A Höch, M Bernhard, C Kleber, C Buschmann
INTRODUCTION: More than half of all traumatic deaths happen in prehospital settings. Until now, there have been no long-term studies examining the actual additive treatment during trauma-associated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (tCPR), including pleural decompression, pericardiocentesis, tourniquets and external stabilization of the pelvis. The present cohort study evaluated forensic autopsy reports of trauma deaths occurring at the scene with respect to additive actions in preclinical tCPR as well as the potentially preventable nature of the individual death cases...
December 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063459/tension-pneumopericardium-following-suicidal-stab-wounds-to-the-chest
#14
Jakob Heimer, Stephan A Bolliger, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
Pneumopericardium (PPC) and Tension Pneumopericardium (TPPC) refer to collections of gas in the pericardial cavity, the latter resulting in air tamponade and cardiac compromise. Following penetrating chest injuries, PPC and TPPC appear to be uncommon findings associated with a high mortality and correlated with other thoracic trauma. Diagnosis of PPC and TPPC is difficult relying on conventional autopsy alone, while postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) shows a high sensitivity for the detection of internal gas collections...
December 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060327/new-conducted-electrical-weapons-finite-element-modeling-of-safety-margins
#15
Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael A Brave
Introduction-We have previously published on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) risk with TASER® X26 conducted electrical weapon (CEW). Our risk model accounted for realistic body mass index distributions, modeled the effects of partial or oblique dart penetration, and used epidemiological CEW statistics. As new CEWs have become available to law enforcement, their cardiac safety profile was not quantified. Therefore, we applied our VF probability model to evaluate their cardiac risk. Methods and Results-An eXperimental Rotating-Field (XRF) waveform CEW and the X2 CEW are new 2-shot electrical weapon models designed to target a precise amount of delivered charge per pulse, 64 μC and 62 μC, respectively...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021679/a-rare-case-of-a-vertebrojugular-arteriovenous-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Fanor Saavedra-Pozo, Juan Vicenty-Padilla, Rafael Rodriguez-Mercado
Vertebrojugular fistulas have been described in the literature associated with blunt or penetrating injury and iatrogenic or spontaneous development. Its presentation may be broad and may include symptoms of radiculopathy, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, tinnitus, and bruit. However, so far, no direct cardiac complications had been reported. Here, we describe a case of an 86-year-old female who suffered a C5 vertebral fracture secondary to a ground-level fall that was initially treated conservatively due to the onset of new severe atrial fibrillation...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959111/ablation-of-ventricular-tachycardia-arising-from-the-great-cardiac-vein-a-rare-cause-of-coronary-artery-injury
#17
Allamsetty Suresh, Shih-Lin Chang, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Lei-Wei Lo, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Ann Chen
We herein report a case of coronary artery injury during epicardial ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT), and describe an effective method to combat such an injury. A male patient presented with recurrent palpitations which was refractory to medications, with a history of clinically documented VT during the symptomatic episodes. The ablation procedure was performed at the great cardiac vein/anterior interventricular vein (GCV/AIV) junction, in part because pace mapping showed a 12/12 match, and activation map of VT demonstrated the earliest activation site at GCV/AIV junction...
September 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958358/blunt-and-penetrating-cardiac-trauma
#18
REVIEW
Seth A Bellister, Bradley M Dennis, Oscar D Guillamondegui
Patients with traumatic cardiac injuries can present with wide variability in their severity of illness. The most severe will present in cardiac arrest, whereas the most benign may be altogether asymptomatic; most will fall somewhere in between. Management of cardiac injuries largely depends on mechanism of injury and patient physiology. Understanding the spectrum of injuries and their associated manifestations can help providers react more quickly and initiate potentially life-saving therapies more efficiently when time is critical...
October 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958060/managing-extensive-mitral-valve-and-ventricular-septal-injuries-secondary-to-penetrating-trauma
#19
Frank Y Han, Karl G Reyes, Mark S Bleiweis
Penetrating cardiac injuries with extensive intracardiac components and minimal epicardial components are a rare presentation. A 31-year-old male presented with complex mitral valve and ventricular septal injuries with partial atrioventricular disruption but with hardly visible epicardial injuries; the patient's presentation, progression of injuries and successful management are discussed.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941568/resuscitation-thoracotomy
#20
G Boddaert, E Hornez, H De Lesquen, A Avramenko, B Grand, T MacBride, J-P Avaro
Resuscitation thoracotomy is a rarely performed procedure whose use, in France, remains marginal. It has five specific goals that correspond point-by-point to the causes of traumatic cardiac arrest: decompression of pericardial tamponade, control of cardiac hemorrhage, performance of internal cardiac massage, cross-clamping of the descending thoracic aorta, and control of lung injuries and other intra-thoracic hemorrhage. This approach is part of an overall Damage Control strategy, with a targeted operating time of less than 60minutes...
December 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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