keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Activity monitors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#1
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651353/protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-mediates-sleep-fragmentation-induced-insulin-resistance-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-mice
#2
David Gozal, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Zhuanghong Qiao, Mahzad Akbarpour, Rosanna Maccari, Rosaria Ottanà
Study Objectives: Sleep fragmentation (SF) is highly prevalent and has emerged as an important contributing factor to obesity and metabolic syndrome. We hypothesized that SF-induced increases in protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B) expression and activity underlie increased food intake, inflammation, and leptin and insulin resistance. Methods: Wild type (WT) and ObR-PTP-1b-/- mice (Tg) were exposed to SF and control sleep (SC), and food intake was monitored...
June 23, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651250/a-role-for-neuronal-alpha-synuclein-in-gastrointestinal-immunity
#3
Ethan Stolzenberg, Deborah Berry, De Yang, Ernest Y Lee, Alexander Kroemer, Stuart Kaufman, Gerard C L Wong, Joost J Oppenheim, Supti Sen, Thomas Fishbein, Ad Bax, Brent Harris, Denise Barbut, Michael A Zasloff
BACKGROUND: Alpha-synuclein (αS) is a nerve cell protein associated with Parkinson disease (PD). Accumulation of αS within the enteric nervous system (ENS) and its traffic from the gut to the brain are implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of PD. αS has no known function in humans and the reason for its accumulation within the ENS is unknown. Several recent studies conducted in rodents have linked αS to immune cell activation in the central nervous system. We hypothesized that αS in the ENS might play a role in the innate immune defenses of the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651231/evaluation-of-in-vitro-anticancer-activity-of-1-8-cineole-containing-n-hexane-extract-of-callistemon-citrinus-curtis-skeels-plant-and-its-apoptotic-potential
#4
Sowndarya Sampath, Vidhya Veeramani, Gopal Shankar Krishnakumar, Udhayakumar Sivalingam, Suguna Lakshmi Madurai, Rose Chellan
Plants are the source of a variety of secondary metabolites, which are often used in the anticancer activity. Discovering new anticancer drug from herbal source is more important in both biological and pharmacological activities. Hence, the objective of this study is to identify the anticancer agent in Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels (CC) for the treatment of cancer. Very recently we have reported an increased antioxidant activity in the ethanolic and methanolic extracts (EE and ME) of CC but significantly reduced activity (rather increased cytotoxicity), in the n-hexane extract (HE)...
June 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651180/does-a-short-term-exposure-to-atrazine-provoke-cellular-senescence-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#5
Marta Esperanza, Magali Houde, Marta Seoane, Ángeles Cid, Carmen Rioboo
The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts and modes of action of a chemical and nutrient deprivation on the cellular senescence process of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Several molecular and cellular parameters related to senescence phenomena were monitored in C. reinhardtii cells exposed for 24h to a sublethal concentration (0.25μM) of the herbicide atrazine and in unexposed 96h cells in an early stationary phase of growth. All endpoints showed the same pattern of response between treatments, except for the intracellular level of calcium, where a significant increase was observed in 24h-exposed cultures compared to 24h-log controls...
June 19, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651090/spatio-temporal-variability-of-particulate-matter-in-the-key-part-of-gansu-province-western-china
#6
Qingyu Guan, Ao Cai, Feifei Wang, Liqin Yang, Chuanqi Xu, Zeyu Liu
To investigate the spatial and temporal behaviors of particulate matter in Lanzhou, Jinchang and Jiayuguan during 2014, the hourly concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 were collected from the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) in this study. The analysis indicated that the mean annual PM10 (PM2.5) concentrations during 2014 were 115 ± 52 μg/m(3) (57 ± 28 μg/m(3)), 104 ± 75 μg/m(3) (38 ± 22 μg/m(3)) and 114 ± 72 μg/m(3) (32 ± 17 μg/m(3)) in Lanzhou, Jinchang and Jiayuguan, respectively, all of which exceeded the Chinese national ambient air quality II standards for PM...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651000/assessing-the-impact-of-benzo-a-pyrene-on-marine-mussels-application-of-a-novel-targeted-low-density-microarray-complementing-classical-biomarker-responses
#7
Mohamed Banni, Susanna Sforzini, Volker M Arlt, Audrey Barranger, Lorna J Dallas, Caterina Oliveri, Yann Aminot, Beniamina Pacchioni, Caterina Millino, Gerolamo Lanfranchi, James W Readman, Michael N Moore, Aldo Viarengo, Awadhesh N Jha
Despite the increasing use of mussels in environmental monitoring and ecotoxicological studies, their genomes and gene functions have not been thoroughly explored. Several cDNA microarrays were recently proposed for Mytilus spp., but putatively identified partial transcripts have rendered the generation of robust transcriptional responses difficult in terms of pathway identification. We developed a new low density oligonucleotide microarray with 465 probes covering the same number of genes. Target genes were selected to cover most of the well-known biological processes in the stress response documented over the last decade in bivalve species at the cellular and tissue levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650966/insecticide-resistance-to-permethrin-and-malathion-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-st-andrew-jamaica
#8
Sheena Francis, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, Mark Paine, William C Black, Rupika Delgoda
The emergence of novel diseases spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in Jamaica and the Caribbean, has prompted studies on insecticide resistance towards effective management of the vector. Though Jamaica has been using the organophosphate insecticide malathion in its vector control program for more than 30 years, resistance to the pesticide has not been tested in over a decade. We analyzed resistance to malathion and the pyrethroid insecticide, permethrin on mosquitoes collected across St. Andrew, Jamaica, and analyzed the molecular basis of resistance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650807/simultaneous-ultrasound-therapy-and-monitoring-of-microbubble-seeded-acoustic-cavitation-using-a-single-element-transducer
#9
Sophie V Heymans, Christine F Martindale, Andrej Suler, Antonios N Pouliopoulos, Robert J Dickinson, James J Choi
Ultrasound-driven microbubble activity is used in therapeutic applications such as blood clot dissolution and targeted drug delivery. The safety and performance of these technologies are linked to the type and distribution of microbubble activities produced within the targeted area, but controlling and monitoring these activities in vivo and in real-time has proven to be difficult. As therapeutic pulses are often ms-long, microbubble monitoring currently requires a separate transducer used in a passive reception mode...
June 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650786/alveolar-fracture-caused-by-tooth-extraction-at-home
#10
Fabrício Kitazono de Carvalho, Thaís Aparecida Xavier, Nicole Gonçalves Lima, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Marcilene Coelho Vinhorte, Paulo Nelson-Filho
Injuries to the teeth and surrounding structures are relatively common. Although traumatic injuries caused by falls or activities related to sports are widely discussed, the same cannot be said regarding accidents arising from non-professional extraction of primary teeth. The present study reports a 6-year-old male child who underwent mandibular alveolar bone fracture during non-professional extraction of his central lower left incisor at home, performed by his 30-year-old aunt. The root of the tooth was with an irregular physiological resorption, which acted as a lever component for the mechanical force applied, leading to bone fracture...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650754/structural-changes-in-the-lower-extremities-in-boys-aged-7-to-12-years-who-engage-in-moderate-physical-activityan-observational-longitudinal-study
#11
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Salvador Diaz-Miguel, Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in children may provide health benefits. We sought to consider the practice of soccer as a possible major factor in the development of the lower limb. The study is based on 3-year data for a group of children who practice this sport. METHODS: For 3 years we monitored 53 children who practiced soccer 3 times a week and had engaged in 2 years of continuous sports activity. Their mean ± SD age was 8.49 ± 2.01 years in the first year...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650726/maternal-health-related-behaviours-during-pregnancy-a-critical-public-health-issue
#12
Aleksandra Górniaczyk, Barbara Czech-Szczapa, Maciej Sobkowski, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the health-related behaviours of pregnant women. Maternal health-related habits, use of psychoactive medicines, diet, prevention of neural tube defects, oral cavity hygiene, chronic diseases and physical activity were analysed in a group of pregnant women attending antenatal classes. METHODS: Hundred pregnant women recruited from various antenatal classes in Poznań, Poland, were investigated using a questionnaire based on the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650694/investigation-of-the-developmental-potential-and-developmental-kinetics-of-bovine-parthenogenetic-and-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos-using-a-time-lapse-monitoring-system
#13
Min-Jee Park, Eun-Young Kim, Man-Jong Kang, Jun-Beom Lee, Chang-Jin Jeong, Se-Pill Park
A time-lapse monitoring system has predictive value for selecting good-quality embryos with the highest implantation potential. Using this new tool, we investigated the developmental potential and developmental kinetics of bovine parthenogenetic (PA) and two types of somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) embryos. Bovine non-transgenic ear cells (bECs) or transgenic cells (bTGCs) were used as donor cells. The cleavage and blastocyst development rates did not significantly differ among the PA, NT-bEC, and NT-bTGC groups, and first cleavage occurred an average of 19...
June 26, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650213/visualisation-of-upper-limb-activity-using-spirals-a-new-approach-to-the-assessment-of-daily-prosthesis-usage
#14
Alix Chadwell, Laurence Kenney, Malcolm Granat, Sibylle Thies, John S Head, Adam Galpin
BACKGROUND: Current outcome measures used in upper limb myoelectric prosthesis studies include clinical tests of function and self-report questionnaires on real-world prosthesis use. Research in other cohorts has questioned both the validity of self-report as an activity assessment tool and the relationship between clinical functionality and real-world upper limb activity. Previously,(1) we reported the first results of monitoring upper limb prosthesis use. However, the data visualisation technique used was limited in scope...
June 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650208/when-using-facebook-to-avoid-isolation-reduces-perceived-social-support
#15
Eun-Ju Lee, Eugene Cho
A survey (N = 316) examined how other-directed Facebook use driven by fear of social isolation affects users' perception of social support they possess. As predicted, those higher on fear of isolation were more likely to (a) closely monitor others' activities for self-evaluation (i.e., social comparison) and (b) regulate their self-presentation to garner social approval (i.e., other-directed self-presentation), but less likely to (c) express their true inner feelings and thoughts (i.e., inner-directed self-presentation) on Facebook...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649922/in-vivo-imaging-of-lyme-arthritis-in-mice-by-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#16
A Pietikäinen, R Siitonen, H Liljenbäck, O Eskola, M Söderström, A Roivainen, J Hytönen
OBJECTIVE: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a tick-borne infectious disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochaetes, which are able to disseminate from the tick-bite site to distant organs. Mouse models are widely used to study LB and especially Lyme arthritis (LA), but only a few whole-animal in vivo imaging studies on the pathogenesis of B. burgdorferi infection in mice have been published so far. The existing imaging techniques have their drawbacks and, therefore, novel tools to complement the array of available LB imaging methodologies are needed...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649873/can-you-snooze-your-way-to-an-a-exploring-the-complex-relationship-between-sleep-autonomic-activity-wellbeing-and-performance-in-medical-students
#17
Erin Cvejic, Shiny Huang, Uté Vollmer-Conna
OBJECTIVE: Medical training brings with it multiple stressors, including demanding workloads in highly competitive environments, with well-documented impact on psychiatric morbidity. This study evaluated the impact of sleep-related factors on psychological wellbeing, cognitive task performance and academic standing in medical students. METHODS: A total of 59 undergraduate medical students took part in this cross-sectional study over two consecutive days. Participants responded to questionnaires about their physical and psychological health, sleep, functioning and academic performance at the initial visit...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649844/chemical-constituents-with-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-mrna-expression-inhibitory-activity-from-dried-immature-morus-alba-fruits
#18
Pisey Pel, Hee-Sung Chae, Piseth Nhoek, Young-Mi Kim, Young-Won Chin
Phytochemical investigation for a chloroform-soluble extract of dried Morus alba fruits, selected by proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) mRNA expression monitoring assay in HepG2 cells, led to the isolation of a new benzofuran, isomoracin D (1), and a naturally occurring compound, N-(N-benzoyl-l-phenylalanyl)-l-phenylalanol (2), along with 13 known compounds (3-15). All of the structures were established by NMR spectroscopic data as well as MS analysis. Of the isolates, moracin C (7) was found to inhibit PCSK9 mRNA expression with an IC50 value of 16...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649610/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-immunomodulatory-effects-of-sargramostim-in-a-randomized-double-blind-phase-1-clinical-parkinson-s-disease-trial
#19
Howard E Gendelman, Yuning Zhang, Pamela Santamaria, Katherine E Olson, Charles R Schutt, Danish Bhatti, Bhagya Laxmi Dyavar Shetty, Yaman Lu, Katherine A Estes, David G Standaert, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, LuAnn Larson, Jane L Meza, Matthew Follett, Erica Forsberg, Gary Siuzdak, Tony W Wilson, Carolyn Peterson, R Lee Mosley
A potential therapeutic role for immune transformation in Parkinson's disease evolves from more than a decade of animal investigations demonstrating regulatory T cell (Treg) nigrostriatal neuroprotection. To bridge these results to human disease, we conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1 trial with a well-studied immune modulator, sargramostim (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor). We enrolled 17 age-matched non-Parkinsonian subjects as non-treated controls and 20 Parkinson's disease patients...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649431/meta-analysis-of-host-response-networks-identifies-a-common-core-in-tuberculosis
#20
Awanti Sambarey, Abhinandan Devaprasad, Priyanka Baloni, Madhulika Mishra, Abhilash Mohan, Priyanka Tyagi, Amit Singh, J S Akshata, Razia Sultana, Shashidhar Buggi, Nagasuma Chandra
Tuberculosis remains a major global health challenge worldwide, causing more than a million deaths annually. To determine newer methods for detecting and combating the disease, it is necessary to characterise global host responses to infection. Several high throughput omics studies have provided a rich resource including a list of several genes differentially regulated in tuberculosis. An integrated analysis of these studies is necessary to identify a unified response to the infection. Such data integration is met with several challenges owing to platform dependency, patient heterogeneity, and variability in the extent of infection, resulting in little overlap among different datasets...
2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
keyword
keyword
10189
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"