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Vertigo and hearing loss

Steven D Rauch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Huiqian Yu, Huawei Li
Importance: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) accompanied by vertigo may portend a negative prognosis in the hearing outcome. Objective: To investigate the association of vertigo with prognosis of hearing variables in SSHL. Data Sources: A literature search of eligible studies was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase from September 26, 1973, through September 26, 2017. Studies published in English were retrieved with no restrictions on the date of publication...
June 21, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
William M Mendenhall, Carlos Suárez, Alena Skálová, Primož Strojan, Asterios Triantafyllou, Kenneth O Devaney, Michelle D Williams, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
An endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a rare, indolent but locally aggressive tumor arising in the posterior petrous ridge. Patients present with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. As the tumor progresses, patients may experience vertigo, ataxia, facial nerve paresis, pain and otorrhea. Most patients present in their 4th or 5th decade with a wide age range. Patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease have an increased likelihood of developing ELST. Histologically, ELST is a low-grade adenocarcinoma. As it progresses, it destroys bone and extends into adjacent tissues...
June 19, 2018: Advances in Therapy
F Zhou, M C Zhu, M Wang, H T Wang, Y L Jiao, L F Huang, Z J Liang
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and treatments of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss(ISSHL) with or without vertigo. Method: One hundred and twenty ISSHL cases were divided into vertigo group ( n =36) , without vertigo group ( n =84) , and with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo group ( n =15). All patients were in regular treatment. Besides, according to the types of BPPV, patients do the Epley maneuver or Barbecue roll maneuver. We summarized the result and treatment of the patients...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Q X Yao, H Wang, Q Luo, Z D Yu, H B Shi, S K Yin
Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and to help accomplish accurate diagnosis and treatment strategies by analyzing the composition and clinical features of various diseases with acute constant vertigo. Method: We retrospectively analyzed medical records (including name, sex, age, diabetes, hypertension, history of vertigo, family history, etc.),otoneurological examination, vestibular function tests and radiological examination of patients with acute vestibular syndrome.We classified various diseases according to diagnostic criteria, and then analyze the clinical data...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Florence Lucieer, Stijn Duijn, Vincent Van Rompaey, Angelica Pérez Fornos, Nils Guinand, Jean Philippe Guyot, Herman Kingma, Raymond van de Berg
Objective: To systematically review the symptoms reported by patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) in clinical studies and case reports. This would serve as the first step in establishing a validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) for BV. Methods: A search on symptoms reported by patients with BV was performed in PubMed, and all publications covering these symptoms were included. Exclusion criteria comprised reviews and insufficient details about the frequency of occurrence of symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
John P Marinelli, Christine M Lohse, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of intralabyrinthine schwannoma (ILS) utilizing the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP), a unique medical consortium in the United States that covers a complete population of all ages in a well-defined geographic area over the past half-century. PATIENTS: All patients with ILS diagnosed between January 1, 1966 and December 31, 2016 in Olmsted County, Minnesota, identified using the REP medical records-linkage system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of ILS...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Michael Johanis, Isaac Yang, Quinton Gopen
INTRODUCTION: Superior semicircular canal dehiscence is a rare inner ear disorder characterized by an abnormal third opening between the superior semicircular canal and middle fossa. Symptoms include amplification of internal sounds, aural fullness, tinnitus, hearing loss, autophony, sound-induced vertigo (Tullio phenomenon), pressure-induced vertigo (Hennebert sign), disequilibrium, nystagmus, oscillopsia, and headache. While no cure exists for SSCD, surgical treatment has proven to effectively minimize these symptoms...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Z C Chen, Y Z Zhang, Y Xu, Y Gao, Y Cheng, Y Zhang, J Hu, W J Ma, Q Zhang, M Xu
Delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH) is a disease entity first described by Kamei and named by Schuknecht, defined as profound sensorineural deafness at early stage and after several years started to appear clinical feature of endolymphatic hydrops such as vertigo, aural fullness like Meniere's disease or fluctuating hearing loss in the contralateral ear . DEH can be classified into ipsilateral type, contralateral type and bilateral type. Although DEH has low incident rate, there are many kinds of etiology and audiology and vestibular tests...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
L B Cai, J Yang
A 46-year-old female with profound sensorineural hearing loss in her left ear from childhood developed tinnitus and fluctuating hearing loss on the right side 8 years ago. Four years later, paroxysmal episodes of rotatory vertigo occurred with gradually increased frequency, lasting from half an hour to 2 hours and accompanied with nausea and vomiting. Audiometric test revealed severe sensorineural hearing loss in both of her ears. The tympanograms showed type A on both sides. The threshold of auditory brainstem response was 97 dBnHL in her right ear while no waves could be educed on her left side...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
(no author information available yet)
Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome is one of the common non-syndromic hearing impairment. It is one of the most common inner ear abnormalities that cause hearing loss in children.The main performance is gradual or fluctuant hearing loss, from basic normal to extremely severe. Frequently seen in high frequencies hearing loss. The air-bone conduction gaps present in pure tone audiometry test with low frequencies. There were some inducements of intracranial pressure increases before premorbid. Some patients could be accompanied by vertigo or instability...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
X Wang, R Y Ma, Z Yu, J Li, H F Zhang, H Yu
A 46-year-old male presented with left ear hearing loss,vertigo,tinnitus and left eye blurred vision. Pure tone audiometry showed left ear had been total deafness. Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) assay was reactive. The serum rapid plasma regain (RPR) was 1∶16. Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) 1/2 antibody immunoassay was positive,and the CD4 cell count was low at 100 cells/μl. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) TPPA was positive,with a white blood cell count of 53×10 ⁶ /L and protein level of 1...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Daniel B Eddelman, Stephan Munich, Ryan B Kochanski, Michael Eggerstedt, Robert P Kazan, Roham Moftakhar, Lorenzo Munoz, Rich W Byrne, R Mark Wiet
BACKGROUND: Temporal bone dehiscence (TBD) often results in leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and/or encephalocele. TBD can also occur over the superior semicircular canal, causing debilitating vertigo. Both can be repaired surgically, but traditional treatment is focused only on one pathology, not both. OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in the treatment of TBD via the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for all patients who underwent MCF approach for surgical repair of any temporal fossa dehiscence...
May 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
Francesco Comacchio, Marta Mion
The goal of the present study was to describe a case of perilymphatic fistula (PLF) of the round window (RW) that occurred after sneezing, along with a review of the literature. We report a case of PLF of RW, which was provoked by sneezing, and its consequent medical and surgical treatments. With respect to the review of the literature, articles were initially selected based on their titles or abstracts, followed by methodological evaluation. The patient underwent an explorative tympanotomy (ET) with packaging of RW with the pericondrium, following which the patient's complaints regarding vertigo and imbalance disappeared, but the severe sensorineural hearing loss persisted...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Montaser Abdel-Salam, Osama G Abdel-Naby Awad, Mohamed El-Badry, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mahmoud Hosny Ibrahiem
OBJECTIVE: Human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) is one of the commonest drugs used for ovarian stimulation with no reports on the audio-vestibular system. This study aims to examine HMG on the hearing profile of patients planning intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from June 2016 to June 2017 in a tertiary referral hospital. The audio-vestibular system of a total of 30 patients was evaluated using pure tone audiometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs in the form of a DP-gram) and Vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) immediately before therapy and at the day 10 after therapy...
May 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
H Xue, Y Chong, Z D Jiang, Z L Liu, L Ding, S L Yang, L Wang, W P Xiang
Objective: To explore the spectrum of causes for patients with vertigo or dizziness in the Department of Neurology, and provide a reference for diagnosis and treatment of patients with vertigo or dizziness. Methods: Clinical data of patients in the Department of Neurology, Baotou Central Hospital between January 2016 and September 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. The target group under study was diagnosed based on the uniform diagnostic criteria. Results: A total of 9 200 patients with a chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness were included...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Duarte N C Cândido, Jean Gonçalves de Oliveira, Luis A B Borba
Paragangliomas are tumors originating from the paraganglionic system (autonomic nervous system), mostly found at the region around the jugular bulb, for which reason they are also termed glomus jugulare tumors (GJT). Although these lesions appear to be histologically benign, clinically they present with great morbidity, especially due to invasion of nearby structures such as the lower cranial nerves. These are challenging tumors, as they need complex approaches and great knowledge of the skull base. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman, operated by the senior author, with a 1-year history of tinnitus, vertigo, and progressive hearing loss, that evolved with facial nerve palsy (House-Brackmann IV) 2 months before surgery...
May 8, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Giampiero Neri, Vincenzo Marcelli, Luigi Califano
It is a well-known fact that inner ear diseases are often caused by microcirculatory disorders, and the recent literature is oriented towards investigations into the relationship between the cardiovascular system and cochleovestibular illness with related classical symptoms: tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo or instability. These symptoms, and particularly the vertigo, may be the alarm signal of microcirculatory disorders of the labyrinth or vertebrobasilar circulation so as to represent a possible symptom of posterior circulation stroke...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Stefan K Plontke, Torsten Rahne, Sabrina Kösling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Yunlin Wang, Jing Liu, Zhijie Cui, Lili Yan, Jianping Si
INTRODUCTION: This study was aimed to determine risk factors for central vertigo (CV) in patients with isolated vertigo accompanied by hearing loss or not. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CV or peripheral vertigo (PV) who were admitted to our hospital between January 2014 and July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent thorough physical examination with detailed medical histories recorded, including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke history...
May 2018: Neurologist
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