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Vertigo and hearing loss

Yuka Morita, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Shuji Izumi, Yamato Kubota, Shinsuke Ohshima, Arata Horii
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media (OM) with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (OMAAV) is a novel concept of ear disease that is characterized by progressive mixed or sensorineural hearing loss with occasional systemic involvement. Considering the accumulating knowledge about the characteristics of and treatment for auditory dysfunction in OMAAV, the objective of this study was to investigate the vestibular function and symptoms of patients with OMAAV. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yi Zhang, Bo Liu, Rui Wang, Ruo Jia, Xin Gu
BACKGROUND: Meniere's disease is a unique, progressive disease of the inner ear. The complex manifestation presents diagnostic challenges. The cochlear symptoms often present before vertigo and tend to be ignored. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of cochlear symptoms and functions associated with Meniere's disease to investigate the regularity of the development of this disorder. METHODS: One-hundred fifteen patients who were diagnosed with definite unilateral Meniere's disease at the Hearing and Vestibular Clinic of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from August 2013 to November 2015 were recruited in this retrospective study...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Constantin von Kirschbaum, Robert Gürkov
Introduction. Vestibular schwannomas (VS) are benign tumours of the vestibular nerve and can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, facial palsy, and brainstem compression. Audiovestibular diagnostic tests are essential for detection and treatment planning. Methods. Medline was used to perform a systematic literature review with regard to how audiovestibular test parameters correlate with symptoms, tumour size, and tumour location. Results. The auditory brainstem response can be used to diagnose retrocochlear lesions caused by VS...
2016: BioMed Research International
Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Laura S M Derks, Inge Wegner, Adriana L Smit, Hans G X M Thomeer, Vedat Topsakal, Wilko Grolman
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation is an increasingly common procedure in the treatment of severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children and adults. It is often performed as a day-case procedure. The major drive towards day-case surgery has been from a logistical, economical and societal perspective, but we also speculate that the patient's quality of life (QoL) is at least equal to inpatient surgery if not increased as a result of rapid discharge and rehabilitation...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Jacob B Hunter, David O Francis, Brendan P O'Connell, Edmond K Kabagambe, Marc L Bennett, George B Wanna, Alejandro Rivas, Reid C Thompson, David S Haynes
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk and predictors of growth during observation of vestibular schwannomas (VS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Single academic, tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Five hundred sixty-four consecutive VS patients who underwent at least two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies before intervention. INTERVENTION(S): Serial MRI studies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Tumor growth, defined as a ≥2 mm increase in the maximum tumor diameter between consecutive MRI studies, or between the first and last study...
September 23, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
H Liang, S X Zhong
Objective: To investigate the possible factors related to recurrence and prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss(SSNHL). Methods: Four hundred and ninety-five patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss between January 2013 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively(34 patients lost to follow-up with a dropout rate of 6.87%). Twenty of the 495 patients were diagnosed as recurrent SSNHL and treated again in the same hospital. The data of the patients were summarized to analyze the related factors which might influence the recurrence and prognosis of SSNHL...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
G Esposito, R Messina, A Carai, G S Colafati, F Randi, A De Benedictis, S Cossu, M M Fontanella, C E Marras
INTRODUCTION: Intrameatal cochleovestibular neurovascular conflict is a rare condition with specific clinical and therapeutic implications. Although surgery is commonly indicated in other neurovascular conflicts, for this subset of patients there is little evidence to guide treatment decisions. Moving from a case description, we performed a review of the literature on this topic in order to systematically present the best available evidence to guide clinical decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a literature review on reported cases of surgically treated intrameatal anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) - cochleovestibular nerve (CVN) neurovascular conflict, analyzing preoperative clinical data, surgical techniques, and outcomes...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
P Bertholon, A Karkas
This chapter will focus on vertigo/dizziness due to inner-ear malformations, labyrinthine fistula, otosclerosis, infectious processes, and autoimmune inner-ear disorders. Inner-ear malformation due to dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal is the most recently described inner-ear malformation. Vertigo/dizziness is typically induced by sound and pressure stimuli and can be associated with auditory symptoms (conductive or mixed hearing loss). Labyrinthine fistula, except after surgery for otosclerosis, in the context of trauma or chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma, still remains a challenging disorder due to multiple uncertainties regarding diagnostic and management strategies...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
J M Espinosa-Sanchez, J A Lopez-Escamez
Menière's disease (MD) is a chronic multifactorial disorder of the inner ear characterized by episodic vestibular symptoms associated with sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural pressure. Epidemiologic and genomic evidence supports a genetic susceptibility with multiple biochemical pathways involved, including the endocrine system, innate immune response, and autonomic nervous system. Allergens, infectious agents, vascular events, or genetic factors could modify inner-ear homeostasis and trigger MD...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Ji Eun Choi, Jung Joo Lee, Won-Ho Chung, Yang-Sun Cho, Sung Hwa Hong, Il Joon Moon
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of cochlear dead regions (DRs) in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and compare the hearing outcome according to the presence of DRs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The threshold-equalizing noise (HL) test was performed on a total of 112 ears diagnosed with SSNHL...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Petros V Vlastarakos, Emily Iacovou, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
The aim of this study is to review the literature on sustained-release vehicles delivering gentamycin in the inner ear of patients suffering from Meniere's disease (MD), and critically assess their respective clinical effectiveness and safety. A systematic literature review was conducted in Medline and other database sources until January 2016, along with critical analysis of pooled data. Overall, six prospective and four retrospective studies were systematically analyzed. The total number of treated patients was 320...
September 13, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Abdulbari Bener, Abdulla O A A Al-Hamaq, Khalid Abdulhadi, Ahmed H Salahaldin, Loida Gansan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hearing loss and its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a highly endogamous population. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTING: The present study is carried out in Ear Nose Throat (ENT) and Endocrinology outpatient clinics of the Hamad General and Rumeilah Hospitals, Hamad Medical Corporation. SUBJECTS: All subjects aged between 20 and 59 years who visited the Endocrinology and ENT outpatient clinics of the Hamad Medical Corporation with hearing difficulty were included in this study during the period from January 2013 to July 2014...
September 5, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Yatin Kher, Nishtha Yadav, Yad Ram Yadav, Vijay Parihar, Shailendra Ratre, Jitin Bajaj
AIM: Microscope may fail to detect culprit vessel at the root entry zone or distally especially when suprameatal tubercle is prominent and when compressing vessel is lying anteriorly to trigeminal nerve without using significant brain retraction. Endoscopic techniques allow better visualization of nerve and vascular conflict. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 178 patients of endoscopic vascular decompression without use of microscope was done. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 108 months (average 58 months)...
May 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Sarah L Bell, Jessica Tyrrell, Cassandra Phoenix
People's lived experiences of chronic illness have garnered increasing research interest over the last 30-40 years, with studies recognising the disruptive influence of illness onset and progression, both to people's everyday lives and to their biographical selves. We extend this body of work, drawing on the experiences of people living with Ménière's disease; a long-term progressive vestibular disorder characterised by unpredictable episodes of debilitating vertigo, tinnitus and permanent sensorineural hearing loss...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Isabela Porto De Toledo, Fabiane Miron Stefani, André Luís Porporatti, Luis André Mezzomo, Marco A Peres, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of otologic signs and symptoms in adult patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Search strategies were developed for each of the following databases: PubMed, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, Proquest, LIVIVO, and Google Scholar and OpenGrey was used to assess the grey literature. It was included in this review only observational studies using either research diagnostic criteria (RDC)/TMD or DC/TMD indexes were selected...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Karen de Carvalho Lopes, Edi Lúcia Sartorato, Sueli M da Silva-Costa, Nadya Soares de Macedo Adamov, Fernando Freitas Ganança
OBJECTIVES: Ménière's disease (MD) is a complex disease of unknown etiology characterized by a symptomatic tetrad of vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural fullness. In addition to factors related to homeostasis of the inner ear, genetic factors have been implicated in its pathophysiology, including genes related to the transport of water and ionic composition maintenance of the endolymph, such as the aquaporin genes AQP2 and AQP3, and the potassium channel gene KCNE1. The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms of these genes and determine their association with clinical characteristics of patients with MD...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Kavita Dedhia, David H Chi
OBJECTIVES: 1. To report our experience in children with sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). 2. To describe the etiology and management of children with SSNHL. METHODS: Retrospective review of 20 children with SSNHL, from 2000 to 2013 at a tertiary pediatric facility. Patients had the following inclusion criteria: history of normal hearing, hearing loss occurring in less than 3 days, and audiogram documentation. RESULTS: The average age of patients presenting with SSNHL is 11 years 3 months (22months-18years)...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C Jerin, E Krause, B Ertl-Wagner, R Gürkov
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical history and audiovestibular function test results of patients suffering from intralabyrinthine schwannoma or delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five patients diagnosed with intralabyrinthine schwannoma by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and five patients diagnosed with DEH by locally enhanced inner ear MRI (LEIM) were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: All patients with intralabyrinthine schwannoma or DEH initially presented with hearing loss...
August 4, 2016: HNO
C Jerin, E Krause, B Ertl-Wagner, R Gürkov
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical history and the findings in audiovestibular function tests in patients suffering from intralabyrinthine schwannoma or delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five patients diagnosed with intralabyrinthine schwannoma by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and five patients diagnosed with DEH by locally enhanced inner ear MRI (LEIM) were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: All patients with intralabyrinthine schwannoma or DEH initially presented with hearing loss...
August 4, 2016: HNO
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