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Cortical vein thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506404/-dural-sinus-thrombosis-following-epidural-analgesia-for-delivery-a-clinical-case
#1
Marco Aurelio Dornelles, Luis M Pereira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurological complications of spinal anesthesia are rare conditions. Headache caused by low pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid is one of the most frequent, which occurs after post-dural puncture. A comprehensive history and physical exam must be carried out before making the diagnosis of Post-Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) and additional tests are necessary to exclude the possibility of developing serious neurological complications such as Dural Sinus Thrombosis (DST)...
May 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#2
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427974/factors-predicting-spontaneous-thrombosis-of-aggressive-cranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#3
Santhosh Kumar Kannath, Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan, Amirtendu Mukherjee, Sankara Sarma P
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous drainage (CVD) are known to be aggressive in clinical course and are usually managed promptly. Spontaneous resolution of DAVF is a rare phenomenon and usually occurs in benign type of fistulas. Spontaneous thrombosis of aggressive DAVF is an extremely rare occurrence. The present study aims to identify the incidence and factors determining spontaneous resolution of aggressive DAVF. METHODS: All the patients presenting to our institution with suspected DAVF during the study period (July 2013 - December 2015) were prospectively enrolled into a database...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149032/unseen-face-of-varicella-zoster-infection-in-adults
#4
Gunchan Paul, Birinder S Paul, Gagandeep Singh
Varicella infection is common in children caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). VZV is known to cause cerebral arterial vasculopathy and antibody-mediated hypercoagulable state leading to thrombotic complications in children. Such complications in adults are very rare. We report three cases that represent the unseen face of primary varicella infection in adults. Simultaneous involvement of cortical venous sinus thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis leading to clot in right atrium and pulmonary embolism in first case; cortical venous sinus thrombosis in second case; and deep vein thrombosis in third case...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111701/thrombosis-of-venous-outflows-of-the-cavernous-sinus-possible-aetiology-of-the-cortical-venous-reflux-in-case-of-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#5
Thomas Robert, Philippe Sylvestre, Raphaël Blanc, Daniele Botta, Gabriele Ciccio, Stanislas Smajda, Hocine Redjem, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND: The presence of a cortical venous reflux (CVR) in a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is well described and is considered to be a criterion for urgent treatment. This reflux is often associated with direct/traumatic CCF and the high-flow of the fistula alone explains the reflux. For indirect CCF, the pathophysiology of a CVR is unclear. METHODS: All patients treated endovascularly for an indirect CCF with a cortical venous reflux between 2003 and 2015 were included...
May 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861178/use-of-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-warfarin-reversal-before-the-performance-of-an-epidural-blood-patch-in-a-patient-with-cortical-vein-thrombosis-and-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report
#6
Kallol Chaudhuri, Cooper W Phillips, Swapna Chaudhuri, John Wasnick
Compared to conventional therapy, several studies with prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) have recently demonstrated its superior efficacy in rapidly replacing vitamin K-dependent factors for patients with life-threatening hemorrhage. We present a novel use of PCC in a patient with intracranial hypotension, who had received warfarin for treatment of cortical vein thrombosis. However, after anticoagulation, she proceeded to develop bilateral subdural hematomas with descent of cerebellar tonsils. Given the possibility of an occult dural puncture during labor analgesia, an epidural blood patch was performed after administration of PCC and normalization of coagulation parameters, with prompt improvement of the patient's headache...
January 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854089/serial-neuroimaging-of-a-patient-with-minor-stroke-due-to-isolated-cortical-vein-thrombosis-and-convexal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#7
Pei-Ya Chen, Kun-Eng Lim, Shinn-Kuang Lin
PURPOSE: Convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH) comprises less than 5% of cases of nontraumatic SAH and frequently presents as a focal and transient neurological deficits that mimics transient ischemic attack (TIA). Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is rare and accounts for only 6.3% of cerebral venous thrombosis. We present a case of minor stroke due to cSAH secondary to ICVT, and alos put emphasis on the chronological change of those serial imagings. CASE REPORT: An 87-year-old man presented with episodes of numbness and dropping of his left arm, which had lasted for three days...
September 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795889/sturge-weber-syndrome-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#8
Masashi Chonan, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shinya Haryu, Shoji Mashiyama, Teiji Tominaga
INTRODUCTION: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects the brain, skin, and eyes, and is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous syndrome that affects intracerebral veins, which is associated with venous thrombosis. However, intracranial hemorrhage in patients with SWS is rare. We herein report a rare case of SWS with intracerebral hemorrhage derived from sinus thrombosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old man suddenly fell into a coma and was admitted to our hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728528/dengue-fever-presenting-as-cortical-vein-thrombosis
#9
Aishwarya Narra, Mathur A
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664152/endovascular-treatment-of-thrombosis-and-embolism
#10
Ahmet Yigit Goktay, Cagin Senturk
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common disorder with a significant mortality rate. Successful endovascular treatment of acute DVT is most likely to be achieved in patients with recently formed thrombus, (<10-14 days) with acute iliofemoral DVT. Endovascular treatment options include: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT), percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT), vena cava filter protection, venous balloon dilatation and venous stent implantation...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608286/efficacy-of-orbital-color-doppler-imaging-and-neuroimaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#11
Archana Srinivasan, Nicolas G Biro, Ann P Murchison, Robert C Sergott, Mark L Moster, Pascal M Jabbour, Jurij R Bilyk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of orbital color Doppler imaging (CDI) and conventional neuroimaging (CT/MRI) compared with cerebral angiography in patients with carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs). METHODS: The study design was a retrospective patient chart and imaging review. The authors reviewed 655 charts of all patients who underwent CDI and neuroimaging (CT/MRI) between 2006 and 2015 at one institution. Sixty patients had a presumptive diagnosis of CCF without thrombosis...
September 6, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396697/young-ischemic-stroke-in-association-with-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#12
Pawani Sachar, Kumar Rajamani
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious and potentially fatal complication of medical ovarian stimulation. Uncommonly, it is associated with thromboembolic complications with venous thrombosis being more common than arterial thromboembolic events. We present a case of cerebral infarction in the setting of severe OHSS secondary to in vitro fertilization treatment with no residual neurological deficits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We also performed a review of previously published ischemic cerebral infarction and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) cases associated with OHSS to evaluate common patterns in presentations, commonly affected central nervous system sites, trends for therapeutic options in these cases, and outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234922/bilateral-vein-of-trolard-thrombosis
#13
Sanskriti Mishra, Anand V Patel, Jeffrey M Katz, Avi Setton, Richard B Libman
Isolated cortical vein thrombosis without dural sinus involvement is not common. The vein of Trolard is an important cortical vein as it drains eloquent cortex. We report 2 cases of bilateral vein of Trolard thrombosis; one with and the other without dural sinus involvement. To our knowledge, there have been no cases of bilateral vein of Trolard thrombosis reported in literature. The clinical presentation of cerebral venous thrombosis is variable; patients can present with isolated intracranial hypertension, focal neurological abnormalities, seizures, or encephalopathy...
August 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218480/comparison-between-closing-wedge-and-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Hao Sun, Lin Zhou, Fengsheng Li, Jun Duan
Young active patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with varus leg alignment can be treated with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to stop the progression of OA and avoid or postpone total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Closing-wedge osteotomy (CWO) and opening-wedge osteotomy (OWO) are the most commonly used osteotomy techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications between OWO and CWO. We retrospectively evaluated 23 studies including 17 clinical trials from published databases from their inception to May 2015...
February 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193638/malignant-isolated-cortical-vein-thrombosis-with-type-ii-protein-s-deficiency-a-case-report
#15
Nobuhiko Arai, Masanao Tabuse, Akiyoshi Nakamura, Hiromichi Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is low, and in particular, isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is very rare. The diagnosis of ICVT is difficult by using conventional computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, with appropriate treatment, ICVT has a good prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present a rare case of a 40-year-old woman with ICVT and type II protein S (PS) deficiency, who experienced a stroke...
May 18, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170038/clinical-scenarios-in-acute-kidney-injury-parenchymal-acute-kidney-injury-vascular-diseases
#16
Mario Meola, Sara Samoni, Ilaria Petrucci, Claudio Ronco
Acute cortical necrosis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) are 2 clinical scenarios of parenchymal acute kidney injury (AKI) related to renal microvascular injury. Acute cortical necrosis is a rare condition related to an ischemic necrosis of renal cortex. Necrotic lesions can be due to several injuries and may be focal, multifocal or diffuse. Renal necrotic lesions become visible with ultrasound only after renal recovery. HUS is a rare disease characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and AKI. Color Doppler ultrasound is useful during diagnostic and follow-up phase...
2016: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031503/prevalence-and-geographical-variation-of-prothrombin-g20210a-mutation-in-patients-with-cerebral-vein-thrombosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Joaquín V Gonzalez, Andrés G Barboza, Fernando J Vazquez, Esteban Gándara
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of prothrombin G20210A in patients with objectively confirmed cerebral vein or cortical vein thrombosis against healthy controls, and evaluate geographical variations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of case control studies. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of electronic databases including MEDLINE and EMBASE. The main outcome was the prevalence of prothrombin G20210A in patients with objectively confirmed cerebral vein or cortical vein thrombosis; we also analyzed individual country variations in the prevalence...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023399/acute-seizures-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-what-predicts-it
#18
Rohan Mahale, Anish Mehta, Aju Abraham John, Kiran Buddaraju, Abhinandan K Shankar, Mahendra Javali, Rangasetty Srinivasa
BACKGROUND: Seizures are the presenting feature of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in 12-31.9% of patients. 44.3% of patients have seizures in the early stage of the disease. Acute seizures (AS), refers to seizures which take place before the diagnosis or during the first 2 weeks afterward. OBJECTIVE: To report the predictors of acute seizures in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). METHODS: 100 patients with CVST were included in the study...
July 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001236/ipsilateral-dural-thickening-and-enhancement-a-sign-of-isolated-cortical-vein-thrombosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Davide Marco Croci, Diepers Michael, Timo Kahles, Ali-Reza Fathi, Javier Fandino, Serge Marbacher
BACKGROUND: Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) being a rare condition (6% of intracranial vein thromboses), no clinical guidelines and few radiologic clues to it have been established. ICVT mostly appears in conjunction with sinus vein thromboses. ICVTs primarily occur during pregnancy and puerperium (35%). The great variability of cortical veins and difficulty identifying small occluded vessels complicate ICVT diagnosis. We present the first case of isolated ipsilateral dural thickening and enhancement as a potential radiologic sign of ICVT shown on magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939215/multiple-intracerebral-hemorrhages-in-an-old-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Inimioara Mihaela Cojocaru, V Ştefănescu, Daniela Traşcă, Adelina Şerban-Pereţeanu, B Chicoş, M Cojocaru
A 78-year-old Caucasian man was admitted in the Department of Neurology for visual disturbances, started two days before. The next day the patient experienced headache, fever and gait disturbances. He had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, an ischemic stroke 13 years ago, longstanding seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (17 years), polynodular goiter, right ischio-pubian fracture and right femoral vein thrombosis a year ago due to a car accident, since he is treated with oral anticoagulants associated to antiaggregant, hypotensors, statin and oral antidiabetics...
October 2015: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
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