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Cortical vein thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349091/coexistent-ipsilateral-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-and-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-hepatitis-c
#1
Karan Seegobin, Somphanh Khousakhoun, Ryan Crooks, Satish Maharaj, Cherisse Baldeo
A 58-year-old male, known to have hepatitis C virus (HCV), presented with intermittent headaches and left-sided sensorimotor symptoms. There were no focal neurological deficits on examination. Electrocardiogram was unremarkable. Computed tomography angiography head and neck displayed extracranial right internal carotid artery occlusion. Magnetic resonance imaging showed right cortical vein thrombosis, with hemorrhagic infarction. Echocardiography with bubble study was unremarkable. Hypercoagulable workup was significant for protein S deficiency...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322704/evaluation-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-by-ct-mri-and-mr-venography
#2
Pratibha Issar, Sirasapalli Chinna, Sanjeev Kumar Issar
Objective: To study and compare cerebral parenchymal changes and sinuses involvement in CT with MRI and MRV in Cerebral Venous Thrombosis patients. Method: This study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis, JLN Hospital and Research Center, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh from October 2012 to Nov 2014 and includes fifty patients of all age groups presenting with clinical symptoms of CVT, admitted in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Medicine, Pediatric, obstetric and Gynecology wards...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280817/newly-diagnosed-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-atypical-presentation-with-focal-seizures-and-long-standing-lymphadenopathy
#3
Eric S Mull, Vivian Aranez, Drew Pierce, Ilene L Rothman, Rabheh Abdul-Aziz
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may present with involvement of multiple organ systems, usually with a constellation of nonspecific constitutional symptoms and signs. Seizures and thrombosis are uncommon at presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 17-year-old boy of African descent with an 11-year history of persistent lymphadenopathy with negative outpatient workup for lymphoma and immunodeficiency who was admitted to our tertiary care hospital for new-onset seizure activity...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246198/cortical-vein-thrombosis-in-adult-patients-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-correlates-with-poor-outcome-and-brain-lesions-a-retrospective-study
#4
Jiahui Liang, Hongbing Chen, Zhuhao Li, Shaofu He, Boning Luo, Shujin Tang, Wenjin Shang, Jinsheng Zeng
BACKGROUND: Cortical vein thrombosis (CVT) receives little attention in adult patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). This study aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological features of adult CVST patients with concomitant CVT. METHODS: From May 2009 to May 2016, we recruited 44 adult CVST patients (diagnosed within 1 month of onset; 33.8 ± 14.0 years of age, 28 males). CVT was primarily confirmed using computed tomography venography and magnetic resonance imaging sequence of contrast enhanced three dimensions magnetization prepared rapid acquisition with gradient echo...
December 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146874/imaging-characteristics-of-venous-parenchymal-abnormalities
#5
Audrey Arnoux, Aude Triquenot-Bagan, Daniela Andriuta, David Wallon, Evelyne Guegan-Massardier, Claire Leclercq, Olivier Martinaud, Mélody Castier-Amouyel, Olivier Godefroy, Jean-Marc Bugnicourt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few published data on the patterns of parenchymal imaging abnormalities in a context of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). The objectives of the present study were to describe the patterns of parenchymal lesions associated with CVT and to determine the lesion sites. METHODS: We included 44 consecutively hospitalized patients with CVT and parenchymal lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. The diagnosis of CVT had been confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance venography...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119070/superior-ophthalmic-vein-access-for-embolization-of-an-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula
#6
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Dean Leonard, Tijani Osumah, Umair Khan, Steven Vayalumkal, Lyndon K Lee, Phu Nguyen, Grant Gilliland, Kennith F Layton
Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are defined as abnormal connections between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus. CCFs can be categorized as being direct or indirect. Direct CCFs are usually associated with trauma, whereas indirect CCFs are associated with revascularization following cavernous sinus thrombosis. We present a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with tinnitus, proptosis, conjunctivitis, and blurry vision. The patient had a recent endovascular transvenous embolization that was only partially successful, with a residual carotid cavernous fistula draining to the left superior ophthalmic vein and multiple cortical veins...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984118/intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-the-context-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-and-varied-time-of-onset-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-case-report
#7
Tadeusz A Mendel, Beata Błażejewska-Hyżorek, Grażyna M Szpak, Tomasz Stępień, Eliza Lewandowska, Sylwia Tarka, Iwona Kurkowska-Jastrzębska, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz
In patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is estimated at about 37% and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 1% of patients. A case with coincident occurrence of ICH, SAH and CVT in a patient with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is reported. A 79-year-old woman was admitted to the Neurological Department after the occurrence of generalized seizures, the first in her life. On admission she was unconscious with right hemiparesis and deviation of eyes to the left...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952329/headache-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-revisited-exploring-the-role-of-vascular-congestion-and-cortical-vein-thrombosis
#8
Ravinder-Jeet Singh, Jitender Saini, Shriram Varadharajan, Girish Baburao Kulkarni, Mustare Veerendrakumar
Background and purpose Headache constitutes the most common symptom of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), but its pathophysiology is unclear. We sought to investigate the potential mechanism for headache genesis in patients with CVST based on its imaging correlates. Methods A subgroup of CVST patients having headache as the predominant symptom without significant parenchymal lesion were retrospectively analysed for imaging features of vascular congestion (VC), in addition to cortical venous (CVT) and dural sinus thrombosis (DST) on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951386/development-of-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-after-venous-sinus-stenting-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#9
Thomas J Buell, Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Ching-Jen Chen, Kenneth C Liu
We report a case in which an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) developed after endovascular treatment of a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with venous sinus stenting (VSS). The pathogenesis may involve hemodynamic alterations secondary to increased poststenting venous sinus pressure, which may cause new arterial ingrowth into the fistulous sinus wall without capillary interposition. Despite administration of dual antiplatelet therapy, there may also be subclinical cortical vein thrombosis that contributed to DAVF formation...
September 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931256/the-posterior-transcallosal-approach-to-the-pineal-region-and-posterior-third-ventricle-intervenous-and-paravenous-variants
#10
Prayash G Patel, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Philippe Mercier, Frederick A Boop, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: There are a number of surgical approaches to the posterior third ventricle and pineal region, each with its associated advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with the posterior interhemispheric transcallosal approach and to analyze the indications, technique, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to identify and analyze all children and young adults who underwent the posterior transcallosal approach from July 2010 to March 2015...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879436/dynamic-morphological-changes-of-thrombosed-lateral-sinus-pericranii-revealed-by-serial-magnetic-resonance-images
#11
Mihori Ryorin, Takato Morioka, Nobuya Murakami, Satoshi O Suzuki, Nobuko Kawamura
BACKGROUND: Sinus pericranii (SP) is a rare venous anomaly involving an abnormal connection of the intracranial dural sinuses with the extracranial veins. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MRI) with MR venography can detect the typically congested intra- and extracranial venous components of SP. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of lateral SP associated with the superior sagittal sinus, which might had already developed almost total thrombosis of the SP at the first MRI...
September 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867885/serious-visual-ocular-complications-in-pre-eclampsia-and-eclampsia
#12
Thangappah Radha Bai Prabhu
INTRODUCTION: Complete loss of vision is an uncommon ocular complication of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. The conditions which lead to visual loss in pre-eclampsia include cortical blindness, retinal detachment, retinal vascular thrombosis and optic nerve atrophy. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the cause, clinical course and prognosis in blindness complicating pre-eclampsia. METHODOLOGY: This is a prospective observational study conducted at the Govt...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852582/term-neonate-with-atypical-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-presentation-a-case-report
#13
Nick Townley, Emily McNellis, Venkatesh Sampath
We describe a case of atypical hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in a neonate following a normal pregnancy and delivery who was found to have an umbilical vein thrombosis. The infant arrived to our center with continuous bicycling movement of her lower extremities. She had a continuous electroencephalogram that showed burst suppression and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed diffusely abnormal cerebral cortical/subcortical diffusion restriction which may be secondary hypoxic-ischemic injury. Interestingly, a pathology report noted a focal umbilical vein thrombosis appearing to have compressed an umbilical artery with associated arterial dissection and hematoma...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808795/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-continental-disparities
#14
Laith Maali, Sheema Khan, Fares Qeadan, Mahmoud Ismail, Davana Ramaswamy, Vishnumurthy S Hedna
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) usually accounts for < 1% of all strokes. Global disparity and diversity in their demographics, etiology, clinical features, radiological presentation, and mortality have not been previously explored. A systematic search was performed for publications in PubMed using key words "cerebral venous thrombosis," "Cerebral vein thrombosis," and "Cortical vein Thrombosis." A total of 600 relevant studies were abstracted with strict selection criteria, and a total of 7048 patient's data were used for the final analysis...
November 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730314/spontaneous-thrombosis-of-a-giant-cerebral-varix-in-a-pediatric-patient
#15
Mesut Ozturk, Serdar Aslan, Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici, Aysegul Idil Soylu, Keramettin Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral cortical venous aneurysm also known as cerebral varix is a rare entity that usually occurs in relation to high-flow draining veins of arteriovenous fistulas, arteriovenous malformations, and venous angioma. Isolated cerebral varix is an extremely rare entity. CASE REPORT: We present a 1-year-old male with isolated cerebral varix. During follow-up, the varix thrombosed spontaneously without causing any neurological deficits. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, spontaneous asymptomatic thrombosis of an isolated cerebral varix without any clinical finding was reported for the first time in the literature...
December 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673473/clinical-manifestations-and-imaging-tools-in-the-diagnosis-of-splanchnic-and-cerebral-vein-thromboses
#16
Nicoletta Riva, Walter Ageno
Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) and cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) are uncommon manifestation of venous thromboembolism (VTE), occurring less frequently than deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities and pulmonary embolism. SVT encompasses portal vein thrombosis, mesenteric vein thrombosis, splenic vein thrombosis and the Budd-Chiari syndrome. It is therefore a heterogeneous disease, with differences in clinical manifestations according to the site of thrombosis. CVT includes thrombosis of the cortical or deep cerebral veins and thrombosis of the major dural venous sinuses...
June 27, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571198/deep-cerebral-vein-thrombosis-a-clinical-masquerader
#17
Prabhat Kumar, Gargi Sasmal, Subodh Kumar Mahto, Shreya Gupta, Harish Gupta
Cerebral Vein Thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke. Thrombosis can occur in superficial veins, deep venous system or cortical veins of brain. The term Deep Cerebral Vein Thrombosis (DCVT) is used for thrombosis of internal cerebral vein, vein of Galen and basal vein of Rosenthal. Only 10% cases of CVT are because of thrombosis of deep cerebral vein. The diagnosis of DCVT is often missed because of its heterogenous presentation. Herein, we present a case of DCVT which was initially treated as meningoencephalitis...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506404/-dural-sinus-thrombosis-following-epidural-analgesia-for-delivery-a-clinical-case
#18
Marco Aurelio Dornelles, Luis M Pereira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurological complications of spinal anesthesia are rare conditions. Headache caused by low pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid is one of the most frequent, which occurs after post-dural puncture. A comprehensive history and physical exam must be carried out before making the diagnosis of Post-Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) and additional tests are necessary to exclude the possibility of developing serious neurological complications such as Dural Sinus Thrombosis (DST)...
May 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#19
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427974/factors-predicting-spontaneous-thrombosis-of-aggressive-cranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#20
Santhosh Kumar Kannath, Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan, Amirtendu Mukherjee, Sankara Sarma P
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous drainage is known to be aggressive in clinical course and is usually managed promptly. Spontaneous resolution of DAVF is a rare phenomenon and usually occurs in benign fistulas. Spontaneous thrombosis of aggressive DAVF is an extremely rare occurrence. The present study aimed to identify the incidence and factors determining spontaneous resolution of aggressive DAVF. METHODS: All patients presenting to our institution with suspected DAVF during the study period (July 2013 to December 2015) were prospectively enrolled into a database...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
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