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Cortical vein thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984118/intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-the-context-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-and-varied-time-of-onset-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-case-report
#1
Tadeusz A Mendel, Beata Błażejewska-Hyżorek, Grażyna M Szpak, Tomasz Stępień, Eliza Lewandowska, Sylwia Tarka, Iwona Kurkowska-Jastrzębska, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz
In patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is estimated at about 37% and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 1% of patients. A case with coincident occurrence of ICH, SAH and CVT in a patient with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is reported. A 79-year-old woman was admitted to the Neurological Department after the occurrence of generalized seizures, the first in her life. On admission she was unconscious with right hemiparesis and deviation of eyes to the left...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952329/headache-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-revisited-exploring-the-role-of-vascular-congestion-and-cortical-vein-thrombosis
#2
Ravinder-Jeet Singh, Jitender Saini, Shriram Varadharajan, Girish Baburao Kulkarni, Mustare Veerendrakumar
Background and purpose Headache constitutes the most common symptom of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), but its pathophysiology is unclear. We sought to investigate the potential mechanism for headache genesis in patients with CVST based on its imaging correlates. Methods A subgroup of CVST patients having headache as the predominant symptom without significant parenchymal lesion were retrospectively analysed for imaging features of vascular congestion (VC), in addition to cortical venous (CVT) and dural sinus thrombosis (DST) on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951386/development-of-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-after-venous-sinus-stenting-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#3
Thomas J Buell, Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Ching-Jen Chen, Kenneth C Liu
We report a case in which an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) developed after endovascular treatment of a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with venous sinus stenting (VSS). The pathogenesis may involve hemodynamic alterations secondary to increased poststenting venous sinus pressure, which may cause new arterial ingrowth into the fistulous sinus wall without capillary interposition. Despite administration of dual antiplatelet therapy, there may also be subclinical cortical vein thrombosis that contributed to DAVF formation...
September 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931256/the-posterior-transcallosal-approach-to-the-pineal-region-and-posterior-third-ventricle-intervenous-and-paravenous-variants
#4
Prayash G Patel, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Philippe Mercier, Frederick A Boop, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: There are a number of surgical approaches to the posterior third ventricle and pineal region, each with its associated advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with the posterior interhemispheric transcallosal approach and to analyze the indications, technique, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to identify and analyze all children and young adults who underwent the posterior transcallosal approach from July 2010 to March 2015...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879436/dynamic-morphological-changes-of-thrombosed-lateral-sinus-pericranii-revealed-by-serial-magnetic-resonance-images
#5
Mihori Ryorin, Takato Morioka, Nobuya Murakami, Satoshi O Suzuki, Nobuko Kawamura
BACKGROUND: Sinus pericranii (SP) is a rare venous anomaly involving an abnormal connection of the intracranial dural sinuses with the extracranial veins. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MRI) with MR venography can detect the typically congested intra- and extracranial venous components of SP. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of lateral SP associated with the superior sagittal sinus, which might had already developed almost total thrombosis of the SP at the first MRI...
September 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867885/serious-visual-ocular-complications-in-pre-eclampsia-and-eclampsia
#6
Thangappah Radha Bai Prabhu
INTRODUCTION: Complete loss of vision is an uncommon ocular complication of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. The conditions which lead to visual loss in pre-eclampsia include cortical blindness, retinal detachment, retinal vascular thrombosis and optic nerve atrophy. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the cause, clinical course and prognosis in blindness complicating pre-eclampsia. METHODOLOGY: This is a prospective observational study conducted at the Govt...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852582/term-neonate-with-atypical-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-presentation-a-case-report
#7
Nick Townley, Emily McNellis, Venkatesh Sampath
We describe a case of atypical hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in a neonate following a normal pregnancy and delivery who was found to have an umbilical vein thrombosis. The infant arrived to our center with continuous bicycling movement of her lower extremities. She had a continuous electroencephalogram that showed burst suppression and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed diffusely abnormal cerebral cortical/subcortical diffusion restriction which may be secondary hypoxic-ischemic injury. Interestingly, a pathology report noted a focal umbilical vein thrombosis appearing to have compressed an umbilical artery with associated arterial dissection and hematoma...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808795/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-continental-disparities
#8
Laith Maali, Sheema Khan, Fares Qeadan, Mahmoud Ismail, Davana Ramaswamy, Vishnumurthy S Hedna
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) usually accounts for < 1% of all strokes. Global disparity and diversity in their demographics, etiology, clinical features, radiological presentation, and mortality have not been previously explored. A systematic search was performed for publications in PubMed using key words "cerebral venous thrombosis," "Cerebral vein thrombosis," and "Cortical vein Thrombosis." A total of 600 relevant studies were abstracted with strict selection criteria, and a total of 7048 patient's data were used for the final analysis...
November 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730314/spontaneous-thrombosis-of-a-giant-cerebral-varix-in-a-pediatric-patient
#9
Mesut Ozturk, Serdar Aslan, Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici, Aysegul Idil Soylu, Keramettin Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral cortical venous aneurysm also known as cerebral varix is a rare entity that usually occurs in relation to high-flow draining veins of arteriovenous fistulas, arteriovenous malformations, and venous angioma. Isolated cerebral varix is an extremely rare entity. CASE REPORT: We present a 1-year-old male with isolated cerebral varix. During follow-up, the varix thrombosed spontaneously without causing any neurological deficits. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, spontaneous asymptomatic thrombosis of an isolated cerebral varix without any clinical finding was reported for the first time in the literature...
July 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673473/clinical-manifestations-and-imaging-tools-in-the-diagnosis-of-splanchnic-and-cerebral-vein-thromboses
#10
Nicoletta Riva, Walter Ageno
Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) and cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) are uncommon manifestation of venous thromboembolism (VTE), occurring less frequently than deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities and pulmonary embolism. SVT encompasses portal vein thrombosis, mesenteric vein thrombosis, splenic vein thrombosis and the Budd-Chiari syndrome. It is therefore a heterogeneous disease, with differences in clinical manifestations according to the site of thrombosis. CVT includes thrombosis of the cortical or deep cerebral veins and thrombosis of the major dural venous sinuses...
June 27, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571198/deep-cerebral-vein-thrombosis-a-clinical-masquerader
#11
Prabhat Kumar, Gargi Sasmal, Subodh Kumar Mahto, Shreya Gupta, Harish Gupta
Cerebral Vein Thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke. Thrombosis can occur in superficial veins, deep venous system or cortical veins of brain. The term Deep Cerebral Vein Thrombosis (DCVT) is used for thrombosis of internal cerebral vein, vein of Galen and basal vein of Rosenthal. Only 10% cases of CVT are because of thrombosis of deep cerebral vein. The diagnosis of DCVT is often missed because of its heterogenous presentation. Herein, we present a case of DCVT which was initially treated as meningoencephalitis...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506404/-dural-sinus-thrombosis-following-epidural-analgesia-for-delivery-a-clinical-case
#12
Marco Aurelio Dornelles, Luis M Pereira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurological complications of spinal anesthesia are rare conditions. Headache caused by low pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid is one of the most frequent, which occurs after post-dural puncture. A comprehensive history and physical exam must be carried out before making the diagnosis of Post-Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) and additional tests are necessary to exclude the possibility of developing serious neurological complications such as Dural Sinus Thrombosis (DST)...
May 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#13
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427974/factors-predicting-spontaneous-thrombosis-of-aggressive-cranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#14
Santhosh Kumar Kannath, Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan, Amirtendu Mukherjee, Sankara Sarma P
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous drainage is known to be aggressive in clinical course and is usually managed promptly. Spontaneous resolution of DAVF is a rare phenomenon and usually occurs in benign fistulas. Spontaneous thrombosis of aggressive DAVF is an extremely rare occurrence. The present study aimed to identify the incidence and factors determining spontaneous resolution of aggressive DAVF. METHODS: All patients presenting to our institution with suspected DAVF during the study period (July 2013 to December 2015) were prospectively enrolled into a database...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149032/unseen-face-of-varicella-zoster-infection-in-adults
#15
Gunchan Paul, Birinder S Paul, Gagandeep Singh
Varicella infection is common in children caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). VZV is known to cause cerebral arterial vasculopathy and antibody-mediated hypercoagulable state leading to thrombotic complications in children. Such complications in adults are very rare. We report three cases that represent the unseen face of primary varicella infection in adults. Simultaneous involvement of cortical venous sinus thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis leading to clot in right atrium and pulmonary embolism in first case; cortical venous sinus thrombosis in second case; and deep vein thrombosis in third case...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111701/thrombosis-of-venous-outflows-of-the-cavernous-sinus-possible-aetiology-of-the-cortical-venous-reflux-in-case-of-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#16
Thomas Robert, Philippe Sylvestre, Raphaël Blanc, Daniele Botta, Gabriele Ciccio, Stanislas Smajda, Hocine Redjem, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND: The presence of a cortical venous reflux (CVR) in a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is well described and is considered to be a criterion for urgent treatment. This reflux is often associated with direct/traumatic CCF and the high-flow of the fistula alone explains the reflux. For indirect CCF, the pathophysiology of a CVR is unclear. METHODS: All patients treated endovascularly for an indirect CCF with a cortical venous reflux between 2003 and 2015 were included...
May 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861178/use-of-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-warfarin-reversal-before-the-performance-of-an-epidural-blood-patch-in-a-patient-with-cortical-vein-thrombosis-and-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report
#17
Kallol Chaudhuri, Cooper W Phillips, Swapna Chaudhuri, John Wasnick
Compared to conventional therapy, several studies with prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) have recently demonstrated its superior efficacy in rapidly replacing vitamin K-dependent factors for patients with life-threatening hemorrhage. We present a novel use of PCC in a patient with intracranial hypotension, who had received warfarin for treatment of cortical vein thrombosis. However, after anticoagulation, she proceeded to develop bilateral subdural hematomas with descent of cerebellar tonsils. Given the possibility of an occult dural puncture during labor analgesia, an epidural blood patch was performed after administration of PCC and normalization of coagulation parameters, with prompt improvement of the patient's headache...
January 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854089/serial-neuroimaging-of-a-patient-with-minor-stroke-due-to-isolated-cortical-vein-thrombosis-and-convexal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Pei-Ya Chen, Kun-Eng Lim, Shinn-Kuang Lin
PURPOSE: Convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH) comprises less than 5% of cases of nontraumatic SAH and frequently presents as a focal and transient neurological deficits that mimics transient ischemic attack (TIA). Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is rare and accounts for only 6.3% of cerebral venous thrombosis. We present a case of minor stroke due to cSAH secondary to ICVT, and alos put emphasis on the chronological change of those serial imagings. CASE REPORT: An 87-year-old man presented with episodes of numbness and dropping of his left arm, which had lasted for three days...
September 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795889/sturge-weber-syndrome-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#19
Masashi Chonan, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shinya Haryu, Shoji Mashiyama, Teiji Tominaga
INTRODUCTION: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects the brain, skin, and eyes, and is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous syndrome that affects intracerebral veins, which is associated with venous thrombosis. However, intracranial hemorrhage in patients with SWS is rare. We herein report a rare case of SWS with intracerebral hemorrhage derived from sinus thrombosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old man suddenly fell into a coma and was admitted to our hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728528/dengue-fever-presenting-as-cortical-vein-thrombosis
#20
Aishwarya Narra, Mathur A
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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