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Cortical vein thrombosis

Aishwarya Narra, Mathur A
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ahmet Yigit Goktay, Cagin Senturk
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common disorder with a significant mortality rate. Successful endovascular treatment of acute DVT is most likely to be achieved in patients with recently formed thrombus, (<10-14 days) with acute iliofemoral DVT. Endovascular treatment options include: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT), percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT), vena cava filter protection, venous balloon dilatation and venous stent implantation...
September 24, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Archana Srinivasan, Nicolas G Biro, Ann P Murchison, Robert C Sergott, Mark L Moster, Pascal M Jabbour, Jurij R Bilyk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of orbital color Doppler imaging (CDI) and conventional neuroimaging (CT/MRI) compared with cerebral angiography in patients with carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs). METHODS: The study design was a retrospective patient chart and imaging review. The authors reviewed 655 charts of all patients who underwent CDI and neuroimaging (CT/MRI) between 2006 and 2015 at one institution. Sixty patients had a presumptive diagnosis of CCF without thrombosis...
September 6, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Pawani Sachar, Kumar Rajamani
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious and potentially fatal complication of medical ovarian stimulation. Uncommonly, it is associated with thromboembolic complications with venous thrombosis being more common than arterial thromboembolic events. We present a case of cerebral infarction in the setting of severe OHSS secondary to in vitro fertilization treatment with no residual neurological deficits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We also performed a review of previously published ischemic cerebral infarction and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) cases associated with OHSS to evaluate common patterns in presentations, commonly affected central nervous system sites, trends for therapeutic options in these cases, and outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Sanskriti Mishra, Anand V Patel, Jeffrey M Katz, Avi Setton, Richard B Libman
Isolated cortical vein thrombosis without dural sinus involvement is not common. The vein of Trolard is an important cortical vein as it drains eloquent cortex. We report 2 cases of bilateral vein of Trolard thrombosis; one with and the other without dural sinus involvement. To our knowledge, there have been no cases of bilateral vein of Trolard thrombosis reported in literature. The clinical presentation of cerebral venous thrombosis is variable; patients can present with isolated intracranial hypertension, focal neurological abnormalities, seizures, or encephalopathy...
August 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Hao Sun, Lin Zhou, Fengsheng Li, Jun Duan
Young active patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with varus leg alignment can be treated with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to stop the progression of OA and avoid or postpone total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Closing-wedge osteotomy (CWO) and opening-wedge osteotomy (OWO) are the most commonly used osteotomy techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications between OWO and CWO. We retrospectively evaluated 23 studies including 17 clinical trials from published databases from their inception to May 2015...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Nobuhiko Arai, Masanao Tabuse, Akiyoshi Nakamura, Hiromichi Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is low, and in particular, isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is very rare. The diagnosis of ICVT is difficult by using conventional computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, with appropriate treatment, ICVT has a good prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present a rare case of a 40-year-old woman with ICVT and type II protein S (PS) deficiency, who experienced a stroke...
2016: BMC Neurology
Mario Meola, Sara Samoni, Ilaria Petrucci, Claudio Ronco
Acute cortical necrosis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) are 2 clinical scenarios of parenchymal acute kidney injury (AKI) related to renal microvascular injury. Acute cortical necrosis is a rare condition related to an ischemic necrosis of renal cortex. Necrotic lesions can be due to several injuries and may be focal, multifocal or diffuse. Renal necrotic lesions become visible with ultrasound only after renal recovery. HUS is a rare disease characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and AKI. Color Doppler ultrasound is useful during diagnostic and follow-up phase...
2016: Contributions to Nephrology
Joaquín V Gonzalez, Andrés G Barboza, Fernando J Vazquez, Esteban Gándara
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of prothrombin G20210A in patients with objectively confirmed cerebral vein or cortical vein thrombosis against healthy controls, and evaluate geographical variations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of case control studies. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of electronic databases including MEDLINE and EMBASE. The main outcome was the prevalence of prothrombin G20210A in patients with objectively confirmed cerebral vein or cortical vein thrombosis; we also analyzed individual country variations in the prevalence...
2016: PloS One
Rohan Mahale, Anish Mehta, Aju Abraham John, Kiran Buddaraju, Abhinandan K Shankar, Mahendra Javali, Rangasetty Srinivasa
BACKGROUND: Seizures are the presenting feature of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in 12-31.9% of patients. 44.3% of patients have seizures in the early stage of the disease. Acute seizures (AS), refers to seizures which take place before the diagnosis or during the first 2 weeks afterward. OBJECTIVE: To report the predictors of acute seizures in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). METHODS: 100 patients with CVST were included in the study...
July 2016: Epilepsy Research
Davide Marco Croci, Diepers Michael, Timo Kahles, Ali-Reza Fathi, Javier Fandino, Serge Marbacher
BACKGROUND: Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) being a rare condition (6% of intracranial vein thromboses), no clinical guidelines and few radiologic clues to it have been established. ICVT mostly appears in conjunction with sinus vein thromboses. ICVTs primarily occur during pregnancy and puerperium (35%). The great variability of cortical veins and difficulty identifying small occluded vessels complicate ICVT diagnosis. We present the first case of isolated ipsilateral dural thickening and enhancement as a potential radiologic sign of ICVT shown on magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
Inimioara Mihaela Cojocaru, V Ştefănescu, Daniela Traşcă, Adelina Şerban-Pereţeanu, B Chicoş, M Cojocaru
A 78-year-old Caucasian man was admitted in the Department of Neurology for visual disturbances, started two days before. The next day the patient experienced headache, fever and gait disturbances. He had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, an ischemic stroke 13 years ago, longstanding seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (17 years), polynodular goiter, right ischio-pubian fracture and right femoral vein thrombosis a year ago due to a car accident, since he is treated with oral anticoagulants associated to antiaggregant, hypotensors, statin and oral antidiabetics...
October 2015: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Paloma Gonzalez-Perez, Marcelo Correia, Aristides A Capizzano, Harold P Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2016: Neurology
Alhusain Nagm, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Kohei Kanaya, Kazuhiro Hongo
BACKGROUND: Histopathologic studies of dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are important for clarifying the pathogenesis. We present a case of Cognard type IV dAVF with detailed histopathologic studies in correlation with radiologic and intraoperative findings. CASE DESCRIPTION: An otherwise asymptomatic 53-year-old man presented with chronic headache. Neurologic examination revealed no abnormalities. Neuroimaging and cerebral catheter angiographic studies disclosed a left frontoparietal dAVF close to the middle third of the superior sagittal sinus, fed by the left superficial temporal and bilateral middle meningeal arteries and draining into ectatic cortical and dural veins...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
Zak Ritchey, Amanda L Hollatz, David Weitzenkamp, Laura Z Fenton, Emily C Maxwell, Timothy J Bernard, Nicholas V Stence
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cortical vein thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon site of involvement in cerebral sinovenous thrombosis. Few reports have described pediatric CVT, and none has differentiated its unique attributes. This study assessed the clinical features and radiographic outcome of a cohort of children with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, comparing those with CVT to those without CVT. METHODS: Children diagnosed with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis were retrospectively reviewed and separated into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of cortical vein involvement...
March 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Young-Hak Cho, Min Kyu Chae, Jae Myung Cha, Joung Il Lee, Kwang Ro Joo, Hyun Phil Shin, Il Hyun Baek, Jung Won Jeon, Jun Uk Lim, In Taik Hong, Hye-Jin Ki, Jae Bin Kang
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an elevated risk of venous thromboembolism compared with the general population. The most common sites of venous thromboembolism in IBD patients are the deep veins of the legs, the pulmonary system, and portal and mesenteric veins. However, cerebral venous thrombosis is rarely associated with IBD. This report describes a case of cerebral venous thrombosis in a patient with Crohn's disease. A 17-year-old girl, diagnosed 4 years earlier with Crohn's disease, presented with headache and vomiting...
January 2016: Intestinal Research
Yingxin Yu, Ming Ren, Sheng Yao, Xiongfei Zhao, Xiaokun Qi
Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICoVT) is a rare form of cerebral venous thrombosis and is easily misdiagnosed as brain tumor due to its atypical clinical presentations and radiological findings similar to brain tumors. The present study focused on 4 patients with ICoVT, 2 men and 2 women. In the 2 male patients, the onset of disease was insidious, with progressive numbness and weakness in limbs as the major symptoms. By contrast, 2 female patients suffered from acute onset of symptoms, presenting with headache and seizures...
January 2016: Oncology Letters
Nitin Khanna, Gurvinder Deol, Gregory Poulter, Arvind Ahuja
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter study of perioperative results OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to describe the surgical technique for medialized posterior lumbar fusion as well as present preliminary complication and treatment results from a multicenter retrospective study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior exposures remain the most commonly performed approaches for spinal fusion. Conventional open posterior exposures, however, have relatively high exposure-related morbidity and postoperative infection rates...
April 2016: Spine
Mariam Mathew, Ayesha Salahuddin, Namitha R Mathew, Ramachandiran Nandhagopal
Postpartum headache is described as headache and neck or shoulder pain during the first 6 weeks after delivery. Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical vein thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome, brain tumor, cerebral ischemia, meningitis, and so forth. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare cause of postpartum headache...
January 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Junhak Kim, Choonwoong Huh, Dalsoo Kim, Chulku Jung, Kangwoon Lee, Hyungseok Kim
Isolated cortical venous thrombosis is very rare and poorly understood. The clinical presentation is also not well described in the literature. We report here a case of isolated cortical venous thrombosis that mimicked cortical subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 62-year-old man with a history of chronic subdural hemorrhage visited our hospital with headache. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a linear hyperdense area in the right central sulcus (cord sign), suggestive of isolated cortical SAH. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed susceptibility in the corresponding area...
May 2016: World Neurosurgery
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