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Dental Quality Management

Richard D Holmes
Data sourcesAMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ScienceDirect, SocINDEX, ASSIA, Social Policy and Practice, HMIC (Health Management Information Consortium), The Knowledge Network, Intute, MedNar, Copac, EPPI-Centre, EThOS, OpenGrey and TRIP databases. Searches were limited to publications in the English language published after 1994.Study selectionStudies set in general practice that investigated promoting good oral health in adult or child patients were considered. Study quality was assessed using NICE public health guidance checklists...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Frederic Denis, Isabelle Millot, Nicolas Abello, Maud Carpentier, Audrey Peteuil, Agnès Soudry-Faure
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects 1 % of the world's population, including 600,000 people in France. Persons with schizophrenia (PWS) have excess mortality (their life expectancy is reduced by 20 %) and excess morbidity. In addition, such persons may have a large number of missing or decayed teeth. Dental caries and periodontal measurement indexes are often twice as high as the level found in the general population. Poor oral health can also affect quality of life and oral health is inseparable from general health...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alireza Daneshkazemi, Seyyed Mohammad Abrisham, Pedram Daneshkazemi, Amin Davoudi
Dental pain management is one of the most critical aspects of modern dentistry which might affect patient's quality of life. Several methods are suggested to provide a painless situation for patients. Desensitization of the oral site using topical anesthetics is one of those methods. The improvements of topical anesthetic agents are probably one of the most important advances in dental science in the past 100 years. Most of them are safe and can be applied on oral mucosa with minimal irritation and allergic reactions...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Fonda G Robinson, Larry L Cunningham, Sharon P Turner, John Lindroth, Deborah Ray, Talib Khan, Audrey Yates
The term "lean production," also known as "Lean," describes a process of operations management pioneered at the Toyota Motor Company that contributed significantly to the success of the company. Although developed by Toyota, the Lean process has been implemented at many other organizations, including those in health care, and should be considered by dental schools in evaluating their clinical operations. Lean combines engineering principles with operations management and improvement tools to optimize business and operating processes...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Mary H M Li, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between tooth wear and quality of life among adults in the United Kingdom, independently of sociodemographic factors and other common oral conditions. METHODS: We used data from 5654 dentate adults who participated in the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey. Tooth wear was assessed during clinical examination and classified as none, mild, moderate and severe based on the worst affected tooth recorded. The numbers of teeth with mild, moderate and severe tooth wear were used as alternative measures...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Martina Albrecht, Ramona Kupfer, Daniel R Reissmann, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Associations between nursing home residents' oral health status and quality of life, respiratory tract infections, and nutritional status have been reported. Educational interventions for nurses or residents, or both, focusing on knowledge and skills related to oral health management may have the potential to improve residents' oral health. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral health educational interventions for nursing home staff or residents, or both, to maintain or improve the oral health of nursing home residents...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
K Pateman, N Cockburn, J Campbell, P J Ford
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can affect oral care and access to dental services, but there is limited literature describing the oral health and perceived oral healthcare needs of people with MS. This study aimed to explore the oral health experiences, oral health behaviours and barriers to accessing dental care perceived by people living with MS in Australia. METHODS: Six focus groups were held across two metropolitan areas (Brisbane, Queensland and Melbourne, Victoria) and one regional area (Toowoomba, Queensland)...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Maryani Mohamed Rohani, Hanny Calache, Mina Borromeo
BACKGROUND: Special Needs Dentistry (SND) has been recognised as a dental specialty in Australia since 2003 but no studies addressing the profile of patients for specialist care. The purpose of this study is to identify, via referrals received, the profile of patients and quality of referrals at the largest public SND Unit in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All referrals received over a six months period (January 1 - June 30, 2013) by the Integrated SND Unit (ISNU) were reviewed prior to allocation to the outpatient clinic (OP), domiciliary (DOM) or general anaesthetic (GA) services...
September 27, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Shalinie King, Iven Klineberg, Itamar Levinger, Tara C Brennan-Speranza
UNLABELLED: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have a higher risk of dental and/or orthopaedic implant failure. However, the mechanism behind this phenomenon is unclear, and animal studies may prove useful in shedding light on the processes involved. This review considers the available literature on rat models of diabetes and titanium implantation. INTRODUCTION: The process of osseointegration whereby direct contact is achieved between bone and an implant surface depends on healthy bone metabolism...
December 2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Agnieszka M Frydrych
BACKGROUND: Mouth dryness may present as salivary gland hypofunction (SGH), xerostomia or both. It is considered one of the most underappreciated, underdiagnosed and undermanaged oral health conditions. Despite its common presentation and adverse impact on life quality, it is also generally poorly understood. Increased awareness of the condition is important in addressing these problems. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses SGH and xerostomia, and the associated intra-oral and extra-oral implications...
July 2016: Australian Family Physician
Jeffery L Milleman, Kimberly R Milleman, Sylvia L Santos, Howard M Proskin, Kirstin K Battershell, James C DiMarino
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of stannous fluoride toothpastes is well established for reducing caries, plaque, and gingivitis and relieving the discomfort of dentin hypersensitivity. Management of dry mouth may include relief remedies in addition to usual oral hygiene methods to maintain oral health and improve quality of life. This 6-week, single-blind, randomized, two-period crossover clinical study was designed to evaluate the oral tolerance and potential of Enamelon® Preventive Treatment Gel (EPTG), with 0...
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Hamad S AlRumaih, Nadim Z Baba, Abdulkareem AlShehri, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Abdulkareem Al-Humaidan
PURPOSE: Different approaches have been proposed to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This article reviews a synopsis of the available literature regarding the management of OSA. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature on the management of OSA began with a search of English-language peer-reviewed manuscripts using PubMed and MEDLINE. The focus was on clinical research articles published between 1996 and 2016. A search of relevant dental journals was also completed...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Hossein Ghaeminia, John Perry, Marloes E L Nienhuijs, Verena Toedtling, Marcia Tummers, Theo J M Hoppenreijs, Wil J M Van der Sanden, Theodorus G Mettes
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic removal of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth is surgical removal of wisdom teeth in the absence of symptoms and with no evidence of local disease. Impacted wisdom teeth may be associated with pathological changes, such as pericoronitis, root resorption, gum and alveolar bone disease (periodontitis), caries and the development of cysts and tumours. When surgical removal is carried out in older people, the risk of postoperative complications, pain and discomfort is increased...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
John T Wright, Malavika P Tampi, Laurel Graham, Cameron Estrich, James J Crall, Margherita Fontana, E Jane Gillette, Brian B Nový, Vineet Dhar, Kevin Donly, Edmond R Hewlett, Rocio B Quinonez, Jeffrey Chaffin, Matt Crespin, Timothy Iafolla, Mark D Siegal, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 data indicated that, in the United States, nearly onefourth of children and over one-half of adolescents experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. The purpose of this review was to summarize the available clinical evidence regarding the effect of dental sealants for the prevention and management of pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent molars, compared with a control without sealants, with fluoride varnishes, or with other head-to head comparisons...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Maree O'Keefe, Victoria Wade, Sue McAllister, Ieva Stupans, Teresa Burgess
BACKGROUND: An approach to improve management of student clinical placements, the Building Teams for Quality Learning project, was trialed in three different health services. In a previous paper the authors explored in some detail the factors associated with considerable success of this approach at one of these services. In this paper, the authors extend this work with further analysis to determine if the more limited outcomes observed with participants at the other two services could be explained by application of activity theory and in particular the expansive learning cycle...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Rebecca Knapp, Fiona Gilchrist, Helen D Rodd, Zoe Marshman
BACKGROUND: Dental caries has significant impact on children and their families and may necessitate treatment under general anaesthesia (GA). The use of oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) measures enables evaluation of dental treatment from a patient's perspective. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to assess change in OHRQoL in children following treatment under GA for the management of dental caries. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify articles which were assessed against inclusion criteria before data extraction...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Paul I Eke, Liang Wei, Wenche S Borgnakke, Gina Thornton-Evans, Xingyou Zhang, Hua Lu, Lisa C McGuire, Robert J Genco
The older adult population is growing rapidly in the USA and it is expected that by 2040 the number of adults ≥ 65 years of age will have increased by about 50%. With the growth of this subpopulation, oral health status, and periodontal status in particular, becomes important in the quest to maintain an adequate quality of life. Poor oral health can have a major impact, leading to tooth loss, pain and discomfort, and may prevent older adults from chewing food properly, often leading to poor nutrition. Periodontitis is monitored in the USA at the national level as part of the Healthy People 2020 initiative...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
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