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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164555/an-insight-into-the-role-of-cyclooxygenase-and-lipooxygenase-pathway-in-renal-ischemia
#1
M Kinra, J Mudgal, D Arora, M Nampoothiri
OBJECTIVE: Renal ischemia (RI) is a clinical condition that occurs due to marked decrease in renal blood flow. The pathophysiology of RI is interlinked with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, infarction, organ transplantation and sepsis. The mechanism of RI injury depends on various factors such as inflammatory response, oxidative stress and apoptosis. In this review, we evaluate the role of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase in modulating the process of ischemic renal injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a literature review of articles published on PubMed and Web of Science in English...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163396/synergistic-antifungal-effect-of-fluconazole-combined-with-licofelone-against-resistant-candida-albicans
#2
Xinning Liu, Tao Li, Decai Wang, Yilei Yang, Wenwen Sun, Jianqiao Liu, Shujuan Sun
Candida albicans (C. albicans) is one of the important opportunistic fungal pathogens that is closely associated with disseminated or chronic infections. The objective of this study is to evaluate the synergistic antifungal effect of licofelone, which is dual microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase/lipoxygenase (mPGES-1/LOX) inhibitor in combination with fluconazole against C. albicans. Here our results showed that licofelone (16 μg/mL) can synergistically work with fluconazole (1 μg/mL) against planktonic cells of fluconazole-resistant C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159716/rotula-aquatica-lour-attenuates-secretion-of-proinflammatory-mediators-and-cytokines-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-murine-raw-264-7-macrophages
#3
A Vysakh, Prasad Gopika, Kuriakose Jayesh, Raj Karishma, M S Latha
Rotula aquatica belongs to the family Boraginaceae, and is reported to contain baunerol, steroids and alkaloids. In Ayurveda, R. aquatica has been used for the treatment of various diseases such as diabetes, treatment of piles, venereal disease, and cancer. The current study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of methanolic extract of R. aquatica (MERA) in RAW 264.7 cells. The cytotoxicity of MERA was analyzed by MTT assay. The total cyclooxygenase (COX) activity, 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity, myeloperoxidase activity, inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, nitrate level and reactive oxygen species production were studied in LPS-stimulated RAW 264...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158256/heart-failure-induced-activation-of-phospholipase-ipla2%C3%AE-%C3%A2-generates-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic-acids-opening-the-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore
#4
Sung Ho Moon, Xinping Liu, Ari M Cedars, Kui Yang, Michael A Kiebish, Susan M Joseph, John Kelley, Christopher M Jenkins, Richard W Gross
Congestive heart failure typically arises from cardiac myocyte necrosis/apoptosis, associated with the pathological opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). mPTP opening decreases the mitochondrial membrane potential leading to the activation of Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A2γ (iPLA2γ) and the production of downstream toxic metabolites. However, the array of enzymatic mediators and the exact chemical mechanisms responsible for modulating myocardial mPTP opening remain unclear...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156574/infectious-agents-in-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-through-oxidative-stress
#5
REVIEW
Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Francesca Falasca, Ombretta Turriziani, Rosa Sessa
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that vascular oxidative stress is a critical feature of atherosclerotic process, potentially triggered by several infectious agents that are considered as risk co-factors for the atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). C. pneumoniae has been shown to upregulate multiple enzymatic systems capable of producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as NADPH oxidase (NOX) and cyclooxygenase in vascular endothelial cells, NOX and cytochrome c oxidase in macrophages as well as nitric oxide synthase and lipoxygenase in platelets contributing to both early and late stages of atherosclerosis...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155872/sulfur-dioxide-alleviates-programmed-cell-death-in-barley-aleurone-by-acting-as-an-antioxidant
#6
Sha-Sha Wang, Ying-Xin Zhang, Feng Yang, Zhong-Qin Huang, Jun Tang, Kang-Di Hu, Hua Zhang
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), a gaseous signaling molecule in animal cells, has recently been found to play a physiological role in plants. Here we studied the role of SO2 in gibberellic acid (GA3)-induced programmed cell death (PCD) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aleurone layers. The application of the SO2 donor (NaHSO3/Na2SO3, 1:3 M/M) effectively alleviated PCD in barley aleurone layers in a dose-dependent manner with an optimal concentration of 50 μM. Further investigations showed that SO2 reduced the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (⋅O2-) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in aleurone layers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154978/7-ketocholesterol-induces-ros-mediated-mrna-expression-of-12-lipoxygenase-cyclooxygenase-2-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-human-mesangial-cells-potential-role-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#7
Yasuhiro Watanabe, Takashi Yamaguchi, Noriko Ishihara, Shoko Nakamura, Sho Tanaka, Rena Oka, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Masahiro Ohira, Naomi Shimizu, Atsuhito Saiki, Ichiro Tatsuno
7-Ketocholesterol (7-KCHO) is a highly proinflammatory oxysterol and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Lipoxygenases (LOXs) and cyclooxygenases (COXs) are also involved in the development of DN. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of 7-KCHO on mRNA expression of LOXs and COXs as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines in human mesangial cells (HMC). We evaluated cell viability by WST-8 assay and measured mRNA expression by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
November 15, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154477/mutagenesis-of-sequence-determinants-of-truncated-porcine-alox15-induces-changes-in-the-reaction-specificity-by-altering-the-catalytic-mechanism-of-initial-hydrogen-abstraction
#8
Àngels González-Lafont, Patricia Saura, Ilya Kaganer, Dagmar Heydeck, José M Lluch, Hartmut Kühn
The reaction specificity of lipoxygenases is of physiological relevance since the various oxygenation products exhibit different biological activities. Among mammalian ALOX15 orthologs there are arachidonic acid 12- and 15-lipoxygenating enzymes and recent studies suggested an evolutionary switch in that reaction specificity during late primate development. Previous reports showed that 12-lipoxygenating ALOX15 orthologs can be converted to 15-lipoxygenating enzymes by site-directed mutagenesis of some sequence determinants...
November 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146531/specific-oxygenation-of-plasma-membrane-phospholipids-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lipoxygenase-induces-structural-and-functional-alterations-in-mammalian-cells
#9
Maceler Aldrovandi, Swathi Banthiya, Sven Meckelmann, You Zhou, Dagmar Heydeck, Valerie B O'Donnell, Hartmut Kuhn
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative pathogen, which causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromized patients. These bacteria express a secreted lipoxygenase (PA-LOX), which oxygenates free arachidonic acid to 15S-hydro(pero)xyeicosatetraenoic acid. It binds phospholipids at its active site and physically interacts with lipid vesicles. When incubated with red blood cells membrane lipids are oxidized and hemolysis is induced but the structures of the oxygenated membrane lipids have not been determined...
November 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142407/molecular-docking-analysis-of-phytic-acid-and-4-hydroxyisoleucine-as-cyclooxygenase-2-microsomal-prostaglandin-e-synthase-2-tyrosinase-human-neutrophil-elastase-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-xanthine-oxidase-squalene-synthase-nitric-oxide-synthase-human
#10
Radhakrishnan Narayanaswamy, Lam Kok Wai, Norhaizan Mohd Esa
Background: The phytoconstituents phytic acid and 4-hydroxyisoleucine have been reported to posses various biological properties. Objective: This prompted us to carry out the docking study on these two ligands (phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine) against eleven targeted enzymes. Materials and Methods: Phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine were evaluated on the docking behaviour of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-2 (mPGES-2), tyrosinase, human neutrophil elastase (HNE), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP 2 and 9), xanthine oxidase (XO), squalene synthase (SQS), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), human aldose reductase (HAR) and lipoxygenase (LOX) using Discovery Studio Version 3...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141970/natural-forms-of-vitamin-e-as-effective-agents-for-cancer-prevention-and-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Qing Jiang
Initial research on vitamin E and cancer has focused on α-tocopherol (αT), but recent clinical studies on cancer-preventive effects of αT supplementation have shown disappointing results, which has led to doubts about the role of vitamin E, including different vitamin E forms, in cancer prevention. However, accumulating mechanistic and preclinical animal studies show that other forms of vitamin E, such as γ-tocopherol (γT), δ-tocopherol (δT), γ-tocotrienol (γTE), and δ-tocotrienol (δTE), have far superior cancer-preventive activities than does αT...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138834/mechanism-of-free-radical-generation-in-platelets-and-primary-hepatocytes-a-novel-electron-spin-resonance-study
#12
Chiun-Lang Wang, Po-Sheng Yang, Jeng-Ting Tsao, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Meng-Jiy Wang, Joen-Rong Sheu, Duen-Suey Chou
Oxygen free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of toxic liver injury and are thought to be involved in cardiac dysfunction in the cirrhotic heart. Therefore, direct evidence for the electron spin resonance (ESR) detection of how D‑galactosamine (GalN), an established experimental hepatotoxic substance, induced free radicals formation in platelets and primary hepatocytes is presented in the present study. ESR results demonstrated that GalN induced hydroxyl radicals (OH•) in a resting human platelet suspension; however, radicals were not produced in a cell free Fenton reaction system...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133059/recent-advances-in-the-search-for-novel-5-lipoxygenase-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-asthma
#13
Ferdinando Bruno, Giuseppe Spaziano, Angela Liparulo, Fiorentina Roviezzo, Seyed Mohammed Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Rosanna Filosa, Bruno D'Agostino
The products of 5-lipoxygenase are synthesized and released in the airway when an asthmatic reaction occurs. 5-lipoxygenase via arachidonic acid metabolism produces leukotrienes that mediate bronchoconstriction and inflammatory modifications essential in the pathophysiology of asthma. Until to now, only one approved 5-LO inhibitor, zileuton, can be found as a potential therapy for asthma. With the increasing number of indications for anti-leukotriene (anti-LT) drugs, the development of 5-LO inhibitor agents becomes increasingly important...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133038/new-metalo-therapeutics-of-nsaids-against-human-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Christina N Banti, Constantina Papatriantafyllopoulou, Anastasios J Tasiopoulos, Sotiris K Hadjikakou
The non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's)-silver(I) metallodrugs of aspirin (aspH), salicylic acid (salH2), naproxen (napH) acid or p-hydrobenzoic acid (pHbzaH) and the mitochondriotropic triphenylarsine (tpAs) with the formulae [Ag(asp)(tpAs)3] (1), [Ag(salH)(tpAs)3] (2), [Ag(nap)(tpAs)3] (3) and {[Ag(pHbza)(tpAs)3]∙(dmf)} (4) and [Ag(tpAs)3(NO3)] (5) have been synthesized and characterized by m.p., FT-IR, UV-vis and (1)H NMR, spectroscopic techniques and X-ray crystallography. The in vitro cytotoxic activity of 1-5 against human breast adenocarcinoma cancer cells: MCF-7 (positive to estrogen receptors (ERs)) and MDA-MB-231 (negative to estrogen receptors (ERs)) was evaluated...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128902/overexpression-of-5-lipoxygenase-worsens-the-phenotype-of-a-mouse-model-of-tauopathy
#15
Phillip F Giannopoulos, Domenico Praticò
Brain accumulation of increasing amount of phosphorylated microtubule associated tau protein is one the major hallmark lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Consistent evidence from clinical and animal studies has shown that neuroinflammation characterizes these diseases. The 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) is an enzyme protein whose metabolic products are lipids with potent inflammatory actions. Previously, we showed that blockade of 5LO activation ameliorates the phenotype of the htau transgenic mice...
November 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125911/5-lipoxygenase-knockout-aggravated-apical-periodontitis-in-a-murine-model
#16
Y Wu, H Sun, B Yang, X Liu, J Wang
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) plays a vital role in the host innate immune response, including bacteria-induced inflammation. Apical periodontitis (AP) is due to immune disorders caused by imbalances between bacterial invasion and subsequent host defense response. In this work, we investigated the role of 5-lipoxygenase in AP by using 5- lo knockout mice (5- lo-/- mice). Results showed that 5- lo-/- mice had greater periapical bone loss and more osteoclasts positive for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining than did wild-type mice, as determined by micro-computed tomography and histologic staining...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120810/lasiodiplodia-theobromae-pat-griff-maubl-induced-disease-development-and-pericarp-browning-of-harvested-longan-fruit-in-association-with-membrane-lipids-metabolism
#17
Shen Zhang, Yuzhao Lin, Hetong Lin, Yixiong Lin, Yihui Chen, Hui Wang, John Shi, Yifen Lin
Effects of Lasiodiplodia theobromae inoculation on disease development, pericarp browning and membrane lipids metabolism of harvested "Fuyan" longan fruit were studied. Compared with control fruit, L. theobromae-inoculated longans showed higher fruit disease index, pericarp browning index and cell membrane permeability, as well as higher activities of phospholipase D, lipase and lipoxygenase. Additionally, there were lower contents of membrane phospholipids but higher content of phosphatidic acid, and lower level of unsaturated fatty acids but higher level of saturated ones with lower ratio of unsaturated fatty acid to saturated fatty acid and lower index of unsaturated fatty acids in pericarp of L...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119291/determination-of-histone-epigenetic-marks-in-arabidopsis-and-tomato-genes-in-the-early-response-to-botrytis-cinerea
#18
Óscar Crespo-Salvador, Mónica Escamilla-Aguilar, Jaime López-Cruz, Gerardo López-Rodas, Carmen González-Bosch
Determination of histone epigenetic marks in Arabidopsis and tomato genes in the early response to Botrytis cinerea may contribute to find biomarkers of the early detection of this devastating pathogen. Recent studies have linked epigenetic modifications with plant responses to biotic stresses. Information about specific histone marks upon necrotrophic pathogens is scarce. Here we wondered whether the altered responsiveness of specific genes in plants infected with Botrytis cinerea was associated with changes in chromatin structure...
November 8, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113053/hplc-analysis-and-biochemical-characterization-of-lox-from-eschscholtzia-californica-cham
#19
Renáta Kollárová, Ivana Holková, Drahomíra Rauová, Barbora Bálintová, Peter Mikuš, Marek Obložinský
BACKGROUND: Plant lipoxygenases (LOXs, EC 1.13.11.12) are involved in lipid degradation, regulation of growth and development, senescence, and defence reactions. LOX represents the starting enzyme of the octadecanoid pathway. The aim of the work was to purify LOX from California poppy (Eschscholtzia californica Cham.), to determine its biochemical properties and to identify and quantify the products of LOX reaction with unsaturated fatty acids. METHODS: LOX from California poppy seedlings was purified by hydrophobic chromatography (Phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B) and by ion-exchange chromatography (Q-Sepharose)...
November 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112937/a-ligand-based-comparative-molecular-field-analysis-comfa-and-homology-model-based-molecular-docking-studies-on-3-4-dihydroxyflavones-as-rat-5-lipoxygenase-inhibitors-design-of-new-inhibitors
#20
T K Shameera Ahamed, K Muraleedharan
In this study, ligand based comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) with five principal components was performed on class of 3', 4'-dihydroxyflavone derivatives for potent rat 5-LOX inhibitors. The percentage contributions in building of CoMFA model were 91.36% for steric field and 8.6% for electrostatic field. R(2) values for training and test sets were found to be 0.9320 and 0.8259, respectively. In case of LOO, LTO and LMO cross validation test, q(2) values were 0.6587, 0.6479 and 0.5547, respectively...
August 24, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
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