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Ischemia reperfusion hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340319/apigenin-reduces-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-subsequent-cytokine-production-as-protective-effect-in-a-rodent-animal-model-of-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#1
Ioannis Bougioukas, Vassilios Didilis, Alexander Emmert, Ahmad F Jebran, Regina Waldmann-Beushausen, Tomislav Stojanovic, Friedrich A Schoendube, Bernhard C Danner
PURPOSE: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) can complicate lung transplantation or cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increasing morbidity and mortality. In LIRI, pro-inflammatory cytokines are activated, reactive oxygen species are generated and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is up-regulated, altering lung mechanics. We tested the effect of the flavonoid apigenin on a rodent model of LIRI. METHODS: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were subjected to LIRI with or without a single or double dose of apigenin...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330650/short-term-green-tea-supplementation-prevents-recognition-memory-deficits-and-ameliorates-hippocampal-oxidative-stress-induced-by-different-stroke-models-in-rats
#2
Caroline Dalla Colletta Altermann, Mauren Assis Souza, Helen L Schimidt, Aryele Pinto Izaguirry, Alexandre Martins, Alexandre Garcia, Francielli W Santos, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes
This study investigate the effect of green tea (GT) on short and long term declarative memory and oxidative damage induced by transient ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into 8 groups of 10 according the stroke type induced were used: Sham IR, Sham IR+GT, IR, IR+GT, Sham ICH, Sham ICH+GT, ICH, ICH+GT. Supplementation with GT was initiated 10days before stroke surgery and continuous for 6days after (GT dose 400mg/kg). Short (STM) and long term memory (LTM) we evaluated with object recognition task (OR) and hippocampus were used to evaluate parameters related to oxidative stress (ROS, lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity)...
March 18, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324159/hibernation-based-blood-loss-therapy-increases-survivability-of-lethal-hemorrhagic-shock-in-rats
#3
Cecilia E Perez de Lara Rodriguez, Lester R Drewes, Matthew T Andrews
A small-volume (1 ml/kg) resuscitation fluid based on metabolic adaptations in hibernating mammals was optimized using a rat model of hemorrhagic shock. A previous study of this therapy tested only one concentration of three specific components: 4 M D-stereoisomer of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), 43 mM melatonin, and 20% DMSO. In this study, we considered the range of concentrations of BHB and melatonin seen during the physiological extremes of rapid arousal from hypothermic torpor in natural hibernators and applied these to the non-hibernating Sprague-Dawley rat model...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322975/a-polymeric-micelle-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-contrast-agent-reveals-blood-brain-barrier-bbb-permeability-for-macromolecules-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#4
Kouichi Shiraishi, Zuojun Wang, Daisuke Kokuryo, Ichio Aoki, Masayuki Yokoyama
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening is a key phenomenon for understanding ischemia-reperfusion injuries that are directly linked to hemorrhagic transformation. The recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rtPA) increases the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhages. Recent imaging technologies have advanced our understanding of pathological BBB disorders; however, an ongoing challenge in the pre-"rtPA treatment" stage is the task of developing a rigorous method for hemorrhage-risk assessments...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319240/two-paradigms-for-endovascular-thrombectomy-after-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#5
Gaspard Gerschenfeld, Ioan-Paul Muresan, Raphael Blanc, Michael Obadia, Marie Abrivard, Michel Piotin, Sonia Alamowitch
Importance: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) followed by mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is recommended to treat acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with a large vessel occlusion (LVO). Most hospitals do not have on-site MT facilities, and most patients need to be transferred secondarily after IVT (drip and ship), which may have an effect on the neurologic outcome. Objective: To compare the functional independence at 3 months between patients treated under the drip-and-ship paradigm and those treated on site (mothership)...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288124/c1-neurons-mediate-a-stress-induced-anti-inflammatory-reflex-in-mice
#6
Chikara Abe, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Mabel A Inglis, Kenneth E Viar, Liping Huang, Hong Ye, Diane L Rosin, Ruth L Stornetta, Mark D Okusa, Patrice G Guyenet
C1 neurons, located in the medulla oblongata, mediate adaptive autonomic responses to physical stressors (for example, hypotension, hemorrhage and presence of lipopolysaccharides). We describe here a powerful anti-inflammatory effect of restraint stress, mediated by C1 neurons: protection against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Restraint stress or optogenetic C1 neuron (C1) stimulation (10 min) protected mice from ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The protection was reproduced by injecting splenic T cells that had been preincubated with noradrenaline or splenocytes harvested from stressed mice...
March 13, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285147/protective-roles-of-nanomelatonin-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-of-aged-brain-matrixmetalloproteinases-as-regulators
#7
Sibani Sarkar, Abhishek Mukherjee, Nirmalendu Das, Snehasikta Swarnakar
Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CIR) injury occurs as a result of oxygen occlusion in the carotid artery through embolus or thrombus formation or cerebrovascular hemorrhage. The oxygen thrust during reperfusion causes the generation of reactive oxidative species (ROS) which exert a potential threat to neuronal survival. ROS may possibly be arrested by antioxidants. After CIR, extracellular matrix remodeling takes place, which is governed by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Augmentation of lipid per oxidation, perturbation of antioxidant enzyme activities and the loss of pyramidal neuronal cells in rat brain were attributed to CIR injury...
March 8, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250657/short-term-effects-of-date-palm-extract-phoenix-dactylifera-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-by-testicular-torsion-detorsion-in-rats
#8
Alireza Raayat Jahromi, Rokhsana Rasooli, Younes Kamali, Nasrollah Ahmadi, Ehsan Sattari
BACKGROUND: Antioxidants are potent scavengers of free radicals and have beneficial effects on human health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective antioxidant activity of the edible portion of date fruit extract in an experimental testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D) model in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the potential protective effects of date palm (DP), 30 male Spraque-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: sham-operated, T/D, and T/D + DP-treated (500 mg/kg, PO) groups...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238163/use-of-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-stroke
#9
REVIEW
Danilo Toni, Antonio Carolei, Valeria Caso, Domenico Consoli, Massimo Del Sette, Domenico Inzitari, Maurizio Melis, Giuseppe Micieli, Leandro Provinciali, Stefano Ricci, Paola Santalucia, Vito Toso
Rivaroxaban, an inhibitor of Factor Xa, is a direct oral anti-coagulant that has been found to be non-inferior to warfarin in preventing cerebral ischemia in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and in the subgroup of patients with a history of the previous stroke or transient ischemic attack. Vascular neurologists in daily clinical practice may encounter patients taking rivaroxaban or patients who may benefit from its use. In this paper, we review the current clinical indications, contraindications, and clinical management guidelines for rivaroxaban while providing a special focus on neurological aspects and expert opinions on rivaroxaban therapy management in various situations that a neurologist may encounter when treating patients with an ischemic stroke (including those requiring intravenous or intra-arterial reperfusion therapy) and patients with an intracerebral hemorrhage...
February 25, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217292/oxygen-or-cooling-to-make-a-decision-after-acute-ischemia-stroke
#10
REVIEW
Wen-Cao Liu, Xin-Chun Jin
The presence of a salvageable penumbra, a region of ischemic brain tissue with sufficient energy for short-term survival, has been widely agreed as the premise for thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), which remains the only United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved treatment for acute ischemia stroke. However, the use of tPA has been profoundly constrained due to its narrow therapeutic time window and the increased risk of potentially deadly hemorrhagic transformation (HT)...
October 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193834/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-circulating-mirnome-after-cerebral-ischemia-reveals-a-reperfusion-induced-microrna-cluster
#11
Stefan Uhlmann, Eva Mracsko, Ehsan Javidi, Sarah Lamble, Ana Teixeira, Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt, Karl-Heinz Glatting, Roland Veltkamp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging biomarkers for stroke because of their high stability in the bloodstream and association with pathophysiologic conditions. However, the circulating whole-genome miRNAs (miRNome) has not been characterized comprehensively in the acute phase of stroke. METHODS: We profiled the circulating miRNome in mouse models of acute ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke by next-generation sequencing. Stroke models were compared with sham-operated and naive mice to identify deregulated circulating miRNAs...
March 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059705/emergent-endovascular-management-of-long-segment-and-flow-limiting-carotid-artery-dissections-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-intervention-with-multiple-tandem-stents
#12
S A Ansari, A L Kühn, A R Honarmand, M Khan, M C Hurley, M B Potts, B S Jahromi, A Shaibani, M J Gounis, A K Wakhloo, A S Puri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although most cervical dissections are managed medically, emergent endovascular treatment may become necessary in the presence of intracranial large-vessel occlusions, flow-limiting and long-segment dissections with impending occlusion, and/or hypoperfusion-related ischemia at risk of infarction. We investigated the role of emergent endovascular stenting of long-segment carotid dissections in the acute ischemic stroke setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied long-segment carotid dissections requiring stent reconstruction with multiple tandem stents (≥3 stents) and presenting with acute (<12 hours) ischemic stroke symptoms (NIHSS score, ≥4)...
January 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035779/reduction-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-by-rivaroxaban-after-tpa-thrombolysis-is-associated-with-downregulation-of-par-1-and-par-2
#13
Ryuta Morihara, Toru Yamashita, Syoichiro Kono, Jingwei Shang, Yumiko Nakano, Kota Sato, Nozomi Hishikawa, Yasuyuki Ohta, Stefan Heitmeier, Elisabeth Perzborn, Koji Abe
This study aimed to assess the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment in rivaroxaban compared with warfarin-pretreated male Wistar rat brain after ischemia in relation to activation profiles of protease-activated receptor-1, -2, -3, and -4 (PAR-1, -2, -3, and -4). After pretreatment with warfarin (0.2 mg/kg/day), low-dose rivaroxaban (60 mg/kg/day), high-dose rivaroxaban (120 mg/kg/day), or vehicle for 14 days, transient middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced for 90 min, followed by reperfusion with tPA (10 mg/kg/10 ml)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011950/involvement-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-and-corticotropin-releasing-factor-2-receptors-in-pathogenesis-of-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-enteritis-in-rats
#14
K Takeuchi, A Kumano, N Abe, T Kotani
We herein investigated, using a corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) agonist and antagonists, whether CRF plays a role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion-induced small intestinal lesions in rats. Under pentobarbital anesthesia, the superior mesenteric artery was clamped (ischemia) for 75 min, followed by reperfusion with removal of the clamp. After a 24-h reperfusion, the area of hemorrhagic lesions that developed in the small intestine was measured. Urocortin I (CRF receptor 1/2 agonist), astressin (CRF receptor 1/2 antagonist), NBI27914 (CRF receptor 1 antagonist), or astressin 2B (CRF receptor 2 antagonist) was administered i...
October 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991798/comfortably-numb-and-back-plasma-metabolomics-reveals-biochemical-adaptations-in-the-hibernating-13-lined-ground-squirrel
#15
Angelo D'Alessandro, Travis Nemkov, Lori K Bogren, Sandra L Martin, Kirk C Hansen
Hibernation is an evolutionary adaptation that affords some mammals the ability to exploit the cold to achieve extreme metabolic depression (torpor) while avoiding ischemia/reperfusion or hemorrhagic shock injuries. Hibernators cycle periodically out of torpor, restoring high metabolic activity. If understood at the molecular level, the adaptations underlying torpor-arousal cycles may be leveraged for translational applications in critical fields such as intensive care medicine. Here, we monitored 266 metabolites to investigate the metabolic adaptations to hibernation in plasma from 13-lined ground squirrels (57 animals, 9 time points)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980241/therapeutic-strategies-to-attenuate-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-tissue-plasminogen-activator-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#16
Masato Kanazawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Takayoshi Shimohata
This review focuses on the mechanisms and emerging concepts of stroke and therapeutic strategies for attenuating hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The therapeutic time window for tPA treatment has been extended. However, the patients who are eligible for tPA treatment are still <5% of all patients with AIS. The risk of serious or fatal symptomatic hemorrhage increases with delayed initiation of treatment. HT is thought to be caused by 1) ischemia/reperfusion injury; 2) the toxicity of tPA itself; 3) inflammation; and/or 4) remodeling factor-mediated effects...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924419/beneficial-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-acute-lung-injury-after-i-i-r-is-dependent-on-the-secretion-of-il-10-and-independent-of-the-tlr-myd88-signaling
#17
J L Carvalho, A Britto, A P Ligeiro de Oliveira, H Castro-Faria-Neto, R Albertini, E Anatriello, F Aimbire
The use of low-level laser for lung inflammation treatment has been evidenced in animal studies as well as clinical trials. The laser action mechanism seems to involve downregulation of neutrophil chemoattractants and transcription factors. Innate immune responses against microorganisms may be mediated by toll-like receptors (TLR). Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (i-I/R) lead to bacterial product translocation, such as endotoxin, which consequently activates TLRs leading to intestinal and lung inflammation after gut trauma...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884324/postconditioning-with-sevoflurane-ameliorates-spatial-learning-and-memory-deficit-after-hemorrhage-shock-and-resuscitation-in-rats
#18
Xianwen Hu, Jingxian Wang, Qiquan Zhang, Xiaowen Duan, Zhiwu Chen, Ye Zhang
BACKGROUND: Severe hemorrhage shock and resuscitation are a systemic ischemia-reperfusion phenomenon which can induce learning and memory deficit in human and rats. Sevoflurane postconditioning has been proved to offer neuroprotection under different setting of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate whether sevoflurane postconditioning could improve spatial learning and memory ability after hemorrhage shock and resuscitation in rats. METHODS: Thirty-five male rats were randomized into five groups: sham group, shock group, low concentration (sevo1, 1...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863349/trpv1-channels-in-cardiovascular-system-a-double-edged-sword
#19
REVIEW
Puneet Kaur Randhawa, Amteshwar Singh Jaggi
Apart from modulating nociception, there is vital role of TRPV1 channels in modulating atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure, systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, hemorrhagic shock and vascular remodeling. TRPV1 channel activation has shielding effect against the development of atherosclerosis and systemic hypertension. TRPV1 channel activation alleviates the formation of atherosclerotic lesions via increasing the expression of cholesterol efflux regulatory protein, UCP 2 and enhancing autophagy...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830023/over-expression-of-heat-shock-protein-70-protects-mice-against-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-sirt1-ampk-enos-pathway
#20
Shumei Liu, Junping Xu, Chunfang Fang, Chunjing Shi, Xin Zhang, Bo Yu, Yantong Yin
Lung ischemia/reperfusion injury (LIRI) usually occurs during in lung transplantation and extracorporeal circulation operation and may develop into pulmonary infections, acute rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Recent studies have discovered the protective effect of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) on various types of injuries. In the present study, we firstly explore the role of over-expressed HSP70 on the protection against LIRI. Lung Wet/Dry (W/D) ratio, biomarkers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), lung histological changes and apoptosis markers, oxidative products and proinflammatory cytokines in the lung tissues were analyzed...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
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