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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186381/psychiatric-and-psychological-aspects-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#1
Antonio Bulbena, Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Guillem Pailhez, Hugo Critchley, Pradeep Chopra, Nuria Mallorquí-Bagué, Charissa Frank, Stephen Porges
There is increasing amount of evidence pointing toward a high prevalence of psychiatric conditions among individuals with hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (JHS/hEDS). A literature review confirms a strong association between anxiety disorders and JHSh/hEDS, and there is also limited but growing evidence that JHSh/hEDS is also associated with depression, eating, and neuro-developmental disorders as well as alcohol and tobacco misuse. The underlying mechanisms behind this association include genetic risks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, increased exteroceptive and interoceptive mechanisms and decreased proprioception...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166472/prevalence-and-correlates-of-in-prison-substance-use-among-incarcerated-women-in-spain
#2
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069072/pansaid-paracetamol-and-nsaid-in-combination-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#3
Kasper Højgaard Thybo, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Jørn Wetterslev, Jørgen Berg Dahl, Henrik Morville Schrøder, Hans Henrik Bülow, Jan Gottfrid Bjørck, Ole Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: Effective postoperative pain management is essential for the rehabilitation of the surgical patient. No 'gold standard' exists after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and combinations of different nonopioid medications are used with virtually no evidence for additional analgesic efficacy compared to monotherapy. The objective of this trial is to investigate the analgesic effects and safety of paracetamol and ibuprofen alone and in combination in different dosages after THA. METHODS: PANSAID is a placebo-controlled, parallel four-group, multicentre trial with centralised computer-generated allocation sequence and allocation concealment and with varying block size and stratification by site...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955825/possession-of-weapon-and-school-violence-among-adolescents-and-their-association-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-substance-use-and-mental-health-issues
#4
Gabriela Ilie, Robert E Mann, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Michael D Cusimano
PURPOSE: Assessment of the association between illegal possession of weapon and assault on school property among adolescents with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) while assessing risk factors for these outcomes. METHODS: Data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey completed by students in grades 7-12 (ages 11-20). RESULTS: In this sample of 5478 adolescents, 6...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917494/disturbing-sleep-and-sleepfulness-during-recovery-from-substance-dependence-in-residential-rehabilitation-settings
#5
Sarah Nettleton, Robert Meadows, Joanne Neale
There is evidence that poor sleep mitigates recovery from substance dependence and increases risk of relapse. However, to date research literature is located within biomedical, clinical and psychological paradigms. To complement the extant work, this article offers a sociological exploration of sleep in the context of recovery from dependence on alcohol and/or other drugs. Drawing on qualitative data generated through interviews with 28 men and women living in residential rehabilitation settings in England, we provide a detailed exploration of sleep practices focusing on how these are enacted throughout the night...
December 5, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#6
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864953/deaths-in-unlicensed-alcohol-rehabilitation-facilities
#7
Keng-Chih Su, Lawrence Nguyen, Christopher Rogers
Non-English-speaking people do not always seek medical care through established institutions. This paper reports a series of deaths in unlicensed alcohol rehabilitation facilities serving Spanish-speaking men. These facilities are informal groups of alcohol abusing men who live together. New members receive various treatments, including administration of ethanol or isopropanol, restraint, and seclusion. We reviewed 42 deaths in unlicensed alcohol rehabilitation facilities in Los Angeles County during the years 2003-2014...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810654/treatment-utilization-among-persons-with-opioid-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#8
Li-Tzy Wu, He Zhu, Marvin S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose epidemic. Treatment use data from diverse racial/ethnic groups with opioid use disorder (OUD) are needed to inform treatment expansion efforts. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics and behavioral health of persons aged ≥12 years that met criteria for past-year OUD (n=6,125) in the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N=503,101). We determined the prevalence and correlates of past-year use of alcohol/drug use treatment and opioid-specific treatment to inform efforts for improving OUD treatment...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663111/mental-disorder-in-limb-reconstruction-prevalence-associations-and-impact-on-work-disability
#9
L Rayner, A Simpson, F Matcham, S Shetty, O Lahoti, G Groom, M Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug and alcohol dependence in a limb reconstruction population and examine associations with demographic and functional variables. METHODS: As part of routine clinical care, data were collected from 566 patients attending a tertiary referral centre for limb reconstruction between April 2012 and February 2016. Depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol and drug dependence were measured using standardised self-report screening tools...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535824/violence-addiction-recovery-an-anthropological-study-of-mexico-s-anexos
#10
Angela Garcia, Brian Anderson
Informal, coercive residential centers for the treatment of addiction are widespread and growing throughout Latin America. In Mexico these centers are called "anexos" and they are run and utilized by low-income individuals and families with problems related to drugs and alcohol. This article draws on findings from a 3-year anthropological study of anexos in Mexico City. Participant observation and in-depth interviews were used to describe and analyze anexos, their therapeutic practices, and residents' own accounts of addiction and recovery...
August 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427179/treatment-utilization-among-adolescent-substance-users-findings-from-the-2002-to-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#11
Sarah P Haughwout, Thomas C Harford, I-Jen P Castle, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance users face serious health and social consequences and benefit from early diagnosis and treatment. The objectives of this study were to observe trends in treatment utilization; examine correlates of treatment utilization and treatment types/settings among adolescent substance users with and without substance use disorder (SUD); and assess gender differences. METHODS: National Survey on Drug Use and Health data were pooled across 2002 to 2013, with a combined sample of 79,885 past-year substance users ages 12 to 17 (17,510 with SUD and 62,375 without SUD)...
August 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374841/gastrointestinal-risk-assessment-in-patients-requiring-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-osteoarthritis-the-girano-study
#12
Guy Vanderstraeten, Thierry M Lejeune, Hubert Piessevaux, Dirk De Bacquer, Chris Walker, Birgit De Beleyr
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gastrointestinal risk profiles in patients with osteoarthritis who are currently being treated, or who are candidates for treatment, with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. METHODS: Patients with osteoarthritis treated by primary care physicians or physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) specialists in Belgium and Luxembourg were scored for gastrointestinal risk profile, low, moderate or high, based on the presence of gastrointestinal risk factors...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318773/low-knowledge-and-perceived-hepatitis-c-risk-despite-high-risk-behaviour-among-injection-drug-users-in-kathmandu-nepal
#13
Gabriel Loewinger, Bishnu Sharma, Deepak Kumar Karki, Prasana Khatiwoda, Sher Kainee, Krishna C Poudel
BACKGROUND: In Nepal, prevalence of Hepatitis C (HCV) among injecting drug users (IDUs) has been measured at 50% and knowledge of the virus is low. Rehabilitation and harm reduction attendees constitute populations to whom health care providers can deliver services. As such, characterizing their drug use and risk profiles is important for developing targeted service delivery. We measured drug use and risk patterns of IDUs participating in residential rehabilitation as well as those contacted through needle exchanges to identify correlates of drug use frequency, risky injection practices as well as HCV testing, knowledge and perceived risk...
July 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301489/an-organisational-change-intervention-for-increasing-the-delivery-of-smoking-cessation-support-in-addiction-treatment-centres-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Billie Bonevski, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Anthony Shakeshaft, Michael Farrell, Flora Tzelepis, Scott Walsberger, Catherine D'Este, Chris Paul, Adrian Dunlop, Andrew Searles, Peter Kelly, Rae Fry, Robert Stirling, Carrie Fowlie, Eliza Skelton
BACKGROUND: The provision of smoking cessation support in Australian drug and alcohol treatment services is sub-optimal. This study examines the cost-effectiveness of an organisational change intervention to reduce smoking amongst clients attending drug and alcohol treatment services. METHODS/DESIGN: A cluster-randomised controlled trial will be conducted with drug and alcohol treatment centres as the unit of randomisation. Biochemically verified (carbon monoxide by breath analysis) client 7-day-point prevalence of smoking cessation at 6 weeks will be the primary outcome measure...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135975/addiction-severity-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-persons-entering-treatment
#15
Hélène Simoneau, Jean-Marc Ménard, Nadine Blanchette-Martin
The aim of this study was three-fold: to compare the rates for suicidal behaviors based on the problem substance, to look at the association between addiction severity and suicidal behaviors, and to identify the components of addiction severity associated with suicidal behaviors. Addiction Severity Index databases from three public rehabilitation centers were merged for analyses, yielding 6,551 evaluations. The rates for suicidal behaviors among those who have a problem with both alcohol and a drug are higher than for those who have a problem with any single substance...
May 2, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964292/-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-dast-20
#16
Takuya Shimane, Akifumi Imamura, Kazuko Ikeda, Masahiro Yamamoto, Mariko Tsuji, Yukiko Nagayo, Takeshi Ohkubo, Minoru Ohta, Hiroyuki Kanda, Shigeto Okazaki, Masao Ohe, Toshihiko Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the degree of problems related to drug abuse is important in each treatment setting. The Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 (DAST-20) is a brief, simple 20-item instrument to measure the degree of problems related to drug use. The objective of the present study is to examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the DAST-20. METHODS: We translated the DAST-20 into Japanese using back translation. The anonymous self-administered questionnaire was completed by 310 drug users at the Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Centers (DARC group, n = 113) and at HIV/AIDS regional hospitals (HIV group, n = 197) in Japan...
December 2015: Nihon Arukōru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi, Japanese Journal of Alcohol Studies & Drug Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914230/pretreatment-drug-use-characteristics-and-experiences-among-patients-in-a-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-center-in-malaysia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Archana Krishnan, Shan-Estelle Brown, Mansur A Ghani, Farrah Khan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Drug use in Malaysia remains a significant public health and social problem despite implementation of harsh punitive drug policies such as forcibly placing suspected drug users into compulsory drug detention centers (CDDCs). Following criticism over human right violations in CDDCs, Malaysia has begun to transition towards voluntary drug treatment centers known as Cure & Care (C&C) centers. To best serve the needs of regional C&C centers, data on drug use are essential among patients accessing treatment...
October 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26875101/factors-influencing-the-frequency-of-emergency-department-utilization-by-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#18
Christophe Huynh, Francine Ferland, Nadine Blanchette-Martin, Jean-Marc Ménard, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study assessed the characteristics of individuals with substance use disorders (ISUDs) according to their frequency of emergency department (ED) utilization, and examined which variables were associated with an increase in ED visits using Andersen's model. Data linkage of administrative databanks from three sources [addiction rehabilitation centre registry, physician billing systems, and hospital discharge databank] for 4526 ISUDs was performed. Predisposing, enabling and need factors associated with number of ED visits were determined using a negative binomial regression model and generalised estimating equations...
February 13, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822355/neurocognitive-rehabilitation-for-addiction-medicine-from-neurophysiological-markers-to-cognitive-rehabilitation-and-relapse-prevention
#19
REVIEW
Salvatore Campanella
Currently, relapse prevention remains the main challenge in addiction medicine, indicating that the established treatment methods combining psychotherapy with neuropharmacological interventions are not entirely effective. Therefore, there is a push to develop alternatives to psychotherapy- and medication-based approaches to addiction treatment. Two major cognitive factors have been identified that trigger relapse in addicted patients: attentional biases directed toward drug-related cues, which increase the urge to consume, and impaired response inhibition toward these cues, which makes it more difficult for addicted people to resist temptation...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814960/alcohol-abuse-after-traumatic-brain-injury-experimental-and-clinical-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Zachary M Weil, John D Corrigan, Kate Karelina
Brain injury survivors, particularly those injured early in life are very likely to abuse drugs and alcohol later in life. Alcohol abuse following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poorer rehabilitation outcomes and a greatly increased chance of suffering future head trauma. Thus, substance abuse among persons with brain injury reduces the chances for positive long-term outcomes and greatly increases the societal costs. In this review, we discuss the evidence for modulation of drinking behavior after TBI and the costs of problem drinking after TBI from both a biomedical and economic perspective...
March 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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