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Drug and alcohol rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668421/factors-associated-with-unplanned-early-discharges-from-a-dual-diagnosis-inpatient-detoxification-unit-in-israel
#1
Menachem M Sofer, Alexander Kaptsan, Jonathan Anson
OBJECTIVES: Currently, Israel has a single governmental inpatient dual diagnosis detoxification unit. We provide a cross-section of patient profiles in this unit, as well as explore possible associations between clinical/demographic factors, and the unplanned early discharge of patients from the unit, aiming at improving rehabilitation success rates. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of all patients admitted to the unit between January 1st 2012 and July 1st 2013 were examined (N = 323)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657695/effectiveness-of-transactional-analysis-group-therapy-on-addiction-intensity-of-woman-patients-treated-with-methadone
#2
Niloofar Etemadi-Chardah, Bahman Matinpour, Rasoul Heshmati
Background: Addiction brings about severe and profound physical, psychological and social damages such as divorce, crime, and unemployment. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of transactional analysis (TA) therapy on addiction intensity of woman patients treated with methadone. Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all the addicted women who referred to any drug rehabilitation center of Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625852/double-blind-evaluation-of-homeopathy-on-cocaine-craving-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#3
Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, Ana Carolina Acorinte, Fernando Oliveira Calzavara, Adriano André da Silva, Amarilys de Toledo Cesar, Maristela Schiabel Adler, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz
BACKGROUND: Brazil is among the nations with the greatest rates of annual cocaine usage. Pharmacological treatment of cocaine addiction is still limited, opening space for nonconventional interventions. Homeopathic Q-potencies of opium and Erythroxylum coca have been tested in the integrative treatment of cocaine craving among homeless addicts, but this setting had not proven feasible, due to insufficient recruitment. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effectiveness and tolerability of homeopathic Q-potencies of opium and E...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606222/effectiveness-of-inpatient-withdrawal-and-residential-rehabilitation-interventions-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-national-observational-cohort-study-in-england
#4
Brian Eastwood, Amy Peacock, Tim Millar, Andrew Jones, Jonathan Knight, Patrick Horgan, Tim Lowden, Peter Willey, John Marsden
BACKGROUND: This was a national English observational cohort study to estimate the effectiveness of inpatient withdrawal (IW) and residential rehabilitation (RR) interventions for alcohol use disorder (AUD) using administrative data. METHODS: All adults commencing IW and/or RR intervention for AUD between April 1, 2014 and March 31, 2015 reported to the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (n=3812). The primary outcome was successful completion of treatment within 12months of commencement, with no re-presentation (SCNR) in the subsequent six months, analysed by multi-level, mixed effects, multivariable logistic regression...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574507/new-steps-for-treating-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Erin J Campbell, Andrew J Lawrence, Christina J Perry
Alcohol use disorder is a complex syndrome with multiple treatment points including drug-induced pathology, withdrawal management, behavioral/cognitive strategies, and relapse prevention. These different components may be complicated by genotype and phenotype. A huge milestone for the treatment of alcohol use disorder across several countries in the last 10 years was the introduction of practice guidelines integrating clinical expertise and research evidence. These provide a summary of interventions that have been shown to be effective following rigorous and replicated clinical trials...
March 25, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561064/increasing-amphetamine-use-and-forensic-involvement-among-clients-of-three-residential-indigenous-alcohol-and-other-drug-services-in-victoria-australia
#6
Stelliana Goutzamanis, Peter Higgs, Mike Richardson, Sarah MacLean
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indigenous people seeking residential alcohol and other drug (AOD) rehabilitation in Victoria are most frequently referred to the Ngwala Willumbong Co-operative (Ngwala). This study aimed to describe socio-demographic changes in clients of Ngwala's residential rehabilitation services between 2015 and 2016. DESIGN AND METHODS: Self-assessment surveys completed upon screening for rehabilitation between May 2015 and November 2016 (n = 117) were analysed for socio-demographic data, AOD use and mental health status...
March 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553789/differences-in-level-of-upper-limb-loss-on-functional-impairment-psychological-well-being-and-substance-use
#7
Nathan T Kearns, Warren T Jackson, Timothy R Elliott, Tiffany Ryan, Trey W Armstrong
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The present study examines associations between levels of limb loss (partial hand vs. higher levels of limb loss) and eight clinically relevant measures of functional impairment, psychological well-being, and substance use. Research Method/Design: A cross-sectional, multisite study conducted at seven prosthetic rehabilitation centers across the United States. A total of 305 participants with upper limb loss (Mage = 44.28, SD = 15.45; 68.5% male; 70.5% white) completed orally administered self-assessments of pain interference, perceived activity restrictions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, emotional reaction to their physical condition, problematic alcohol use, prescription medication overuse, and illicit drug use...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551551/correlates-of-specialty-substance-use-treatment-among-adults-with-opioid-use-disorders
#8
Eric Romo, Christine M Ulbricht, Robin E Clark, Kate L Lapane
AIMS: To identify factors associated with the receipt of specialty substance use treatment among adults with opioid use disorders (OUD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on 2010-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a past-year OUD (n = 2488). The sample is representative of non-institutionalized US adults. MEASUREMENTS: Past-year OUD was determined using DSM-IV criteria...
March 11, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541869/correction-to-the-development-of-a-healing-model-of-care-for-an-indigenous-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-service-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#9
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Anton Clifford
Upon publication of the original article (Munro et al., 2017), the authors noticed the following errors.
March 14, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425663/sexual-rehabilitation-after-nerve-sparing-radical-prostatectomy-free-of-charge-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitor-administration-improves-compliance-to-treatment
#10
Giampaolo Siena, Andrea Mari, Aude Canale, Nicola Mondaini, Andrea Chindemi, Isabella Greco, Omar Saleh, Sergio Serni, Giulio Nicita, Andrea Minervini, Marco Carini
BACKGROUND: In December 2006, the region of Tuscany (Italy) authorized the free-of-charge provision of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5I) for all patients with Tuscan citizenship who undergo nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP). OBJECTIVE: To compare sexual rehabilitation outcomes in patients with low risk of erectile dysfunction and minimal comorbidities who received PDE5Is free of charge (PDE5I-F) with those who paid for PDE5Is (PDE5I-P) after bilateral NSRP...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387619/factors-affecting-the-survival-rate-of-dental-implants-a-retrospective-study
#11
Sonal Raikar, Pratim Talukdar, Sarala Kumari, Sangram Kumar Panda, Vinni Mary Oommen, Arvind Prasad
Aims and Objectives: Dental implants have emerged as new treatment modality for the majority of patients and are expected to play a significant role in oral rehabilitation in the future. The present study was conducted to assess various factors affecting the survival rate of dental implants. Materials and Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Prosthodontics. In this study, 5200 patients with dental implants which were placed during June 2008-April 2015 were included...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385053/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-and-addictions-among-homeless-people-in-the-greater-paris-area-france
#12
Anne Laporte, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Marc-Antoine Détrez, Caroline Douay, Yann Le Strat, Erwan Le Méner, Pierre Chauvin
The Samenta study was conducted in 2009 in the Greater Paris area to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in homeless people. A cross-sectional survey was performed with a three-stage random sample of homeless people (n = 859), including users of day services, emergency shelters, hot meal distribution, long-term rehabilitation centres, and social hotels. Information was collected by a lay interviewer, using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and completed by a psychologist through an open clinical interview...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368436/do-women-with-complex-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-histories-want-women-only-residential-treatment
#13
Joanne Neale, Charlotte N E Tompkins, Alison D Marshall, Carla Treloar, John Strang
BACKGROUND: Women-only addiction services tend to be provided on a poorly evidenced assumption that women want single-sex treatment. We draw upon women's expectations and experiences of women-only residential rehabilitation to stimulate debate on this issue. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 19 women aged 25-44 years [currently in treatment (n = 9), successfully completed treatment (n = 5), left treatment prematurely (n = 5)]. All had histories of physical or sexual abuse, and relapses linked to relationships with men...
January 24, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349855/understanding-remote-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-clients-who-attends-who-leaves-and-who-stays
#14
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen, Philip Clare, Julaine Allan, Norm Henderson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Aboriginal residential rehabilitation services provide healing for Aboriginal people who misuse substances. There is limited available research that empirically describes client characteristics of these services. This study examined 5 years of data of a remote Aboriginal residential rehabilitation service. DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 329 client admissions to Orana Haven Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Centre from 2011 to 2016...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311404/recreational-drug-and-psychosocial-profile-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-seeking-antiviral-therapy
#15
Nayana George, Sherrie M Harrell, Kimberly D Rhodes, Andres Duarte-Rojo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Practitioners treating hepatitis C (HCV) provide healthcare to a special population with high rates of substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. We investigated the psychosocial profile in HCV patients and tested what variables affect commencement of antiviral therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Recreational drug use (RDU), marijuana (THC), alcohol use, and psychiatric history were initially investigated with a questionnaire prior to history and physical...
January 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208008/-i-just-feel-comfortable-out-here-there-s-something-about-the-place-staff-and-client-perceptions-of-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-rehabilitation-service
#16
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204895/the-development-of-a-healing-model-of-care-for-an-indigenous-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-service-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#17
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Anton Clifford
BACKGROUND: Given the well-established evidence of disproportionately high rates of substance-related morbidity and mortality after release from incarceration for Indigenous Australians, access to comprehensive, effective and culturally safe residential rehabilitation treatment will likely assist in reducing recidivism to both prison and substance dependence for this population. In the absence of methodologically rigorous evidence, the delivery of Indigenous drug and alcohol residential rehabilitation services vary widely, and divergent views exist regarding the appropriateness and efficacy of different potential treatment components...
December 4, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131734/yoga-therapy-in-japan
#18
Keishin Kimura
This perspective piece gives an overview of the current situation of yoga therapy in Japan today. Traditional yoga in Japan suffered a serious setback in 1995 with a nerve gas terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway, which was carried out by a cult that recruited members through yoga classes. But with the increase in popularity with modern forms of yoga such as Iyengar yoga, Ashtanga yoga and hot yoga in the West, the general public in Japan today is forgetting its aversion to yoga and considers it to be something that can contribute to good health...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098677/traditional-chinese-medicine-tcm-therapy
#19
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) has been utilized in China for more than 2,000 years, and it has been practiced in treatment of substance addiction and non-substance addictions. TCM have efficacy in the rehabilitation of abnormal physical problems induced by chronic drug use, including improving immune function, increasing working memory, and protecting against neurological disorders. Given that TCM is potentially effective in the prevention of relapse, it has been suggested that TCM may be the ideal choice in the future for the treatment of opiate addiction...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093960/developing-substance-misuse-services-in-united-arab-emirates-the-national-rehabilitation-centre-experience
#20
Hamad A Al Ghaferi, Ahmed Y Ali, Tarek A Gawad, Shamil Wanigaratne
In 2001 a directive was issued to establish the National Rehabilitation Centre (NRC) to deal with the growing problem of substance misuse in the United Arab Emirates. The NRC has achieved many goals as a treatment and rehabilitation facility as well as a drug and alcohol demand reduction response centre. It is now working towards being an international centre of excellence.
November 2017: BJPsych International
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