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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749117/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-narrative-review-of-risks-and-benefits
#1
Matthew D Ettleson, Corey J Lager, Andrew T Kraftson, Nazanene H Esfandiari, Elif A Oral
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most commonly performed metabolic surgeries and are highly effective for the treatment of obesity and related comorbidities. In this narrative review, recent studies of at least two years of follow-up directly comparing outcomes between GB and SG are reviewed to assess the efficacy of each procedure in weight loss and diabetes remission, as well as resulting quality of life (QoL) assessment and micronutrient deficiencies...
July 26, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748357/erratum-to-is-routine-preoperative-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-screening-necessary-prior-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-review-of-1555-cases-and-comparison-with-current-literature
#2
Asaad Salama, Tamer Saafan, Walid El Ansari, Mohsen Karam, Moataz Bashah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746723/factors-associated-with-achieving-a-body-mass-index-of-less-than-30-after-bariatric-surgery
#3
Oliver A Varban, Ruth B Cassidy, Aaron Bonham, Arthur M Carlin, Amir Ghaferi, Jonathan F Finks
Importance: Achieving a body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of less than 30 is an important goal of bariatric surgery, given the increased risk for weight-related morbidity and mortality with a BMI above this threshold. Objective: To identify predictors for achieving a BMI of less than 30 after bariatric surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study used data from the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative, a statewide quality improvement collaborative that uses a prospectively gathered clinical data registry...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745606/ghrelin-levels-could-be-involved-in-the-improvement-of-insulin-resistance-after-bariatric-surgery
#4
Concepción Santiago-Fernández, Sara García-Serrano, Mónica Tome, Sergio Valdes, Luis Ocaña-Wilhelmi, Alberto Rodríguez-Cañete, Francisco J Tinahones, Eduardo García-Fuentes, Lourdes Garrido-Sánchez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal peptide involved in regulation of body weight and energy balance. However, its behavior after bariatric surgery and its relationship to insulin resistance are still controversial. A simultaneous assessment was made of the association between changes in ghrelin levels and different variables after three types of bariatric surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ghrelin levels were measured in 103 morbidly obese subjects before and 6 months after bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), biliopancreatic diversion of Scopinaro (BPD), and sleeve gastrectomy (SG)), and in 21 non-obese subjects...
August 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745245/-bariatric-surgery-who-when-and-where-an-overview-for-the-referring-physician
#5
T C C Boerlage, Y I Z Acherman, S T Houweling, F Holleman, V E A Gerdes
- Bariatric surgery is performed in patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 40kg/m2, or BMI > 35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidities. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently used procedures.- On average, patients have lost 25-27% of their original weight 10 years after surgery.- Obesity-related comorbidities improve dramatically in many patients following surgery. The effect is most noticeable in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742680/individualized-metabolic-surgery-score-procedure-selection-based-on-diabetes-severity
#6
Ali Aminian, Stacy A Brethauer, Amin Andalib, Amy S Nowacki, Amanda Jimenez, Ricard Corcelles, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Deepak L Bhatt, Sangeeta R Kashyap, Bartolome Burguera, Antonio M Lacy, Josep Vidal, Philip R Schauer
OBJECTIVE: To construct and validate a scoring system for evidence-based selection of bariatric and metabolic surgery procedures according to severity of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) account for >95% of bariatric procedures in United States in patients with T2DM. To date, there is no validated model to guide procedure selection based on long-term glucose control in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A total of 659 patients with T2DM who underwent RYGB and SG at an academic center in the United States and had a minimum 5-year follow-up (2005-2011) were analyzed to generate the model...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742012/the-usefulness-and-costs-of-routine-contrast-studies-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-detecting-staple-line-leaks
#7
Dimitry Terterov, Philemon Ho-Yan Leung, Laurie K Twells, Deborah M Gregory, Chris Smith, Darrell Boone, David Pace
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment for severe obesity (body mass index ≥ 35), staple line leaks remain a major complication and account for a substantial portion of the procedure's morbidity and mortality. Many centres performing LSG routinely obtain contrast studies on postoperative day 1 for early detection of staple line leaks. We examined the usefulness of Gastrografin swallow as an early detection test for staple line leaks on postoperative day 1 after LSG as well as the associated costs...
August 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741238/a-randomized-comparison-between-staple-line-oversewing-versus-no-reinforcement-during-laparoscopic-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy
#8
Osama Taha, Mahmoud Abdelaal, Mohamed Talaat, Mohamed Abozeid
BACKGROUND: Varieties of intraoperative methods such as oversewing of staple lines or other reinforcement products are used for preventing the laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the complication rates of the gastric stapling alone versus stapling with oversewing invagination of the staple line in the LSG. METHODS: This is a single-center randomized study, Patients were randomized to two groups, 200 patients underwent LSG without reinforcement of the staple line and 200 patients underwent LSG with oversewing of the staple line...
July 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739098/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-energy-homeostasis
#9
REVIEW
Wei Li, Denis Richard
Bariatric surgery represents the most efficient therapy for severe obesity. It reduces the size of fat stores or the amount of body fat gain. The bariatric surgery procedures currently used include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy, which are the most commonly performed procedures. Other procedures are laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and biliopancreatic diversion. The latter represents the most effective surgery for treatment of severe obesity as well as type 2 diabetes. Bariatric surgery reduces energy intake by restricting the size of the stomach reservoir and causing malabsorption, as in the case of biliopancreatic diversion...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739091/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-effect-on-long-term-remission-for-morbidly-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-at-5-year-follow-up
#10
Marius Nedelcu, Marcelo Loureiro, Mehdi Skalli, Florence Galtier, Audrey Jaussent, Melanie Deloze, Michel Gagner, Jean Michel Fabre, David Nocca
BACKGROUND: In the short-term, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has been shown to be effective for the treatment of the type 2 diabetes in patients with severe obesity. There are few data with greater follow-up. Our aim was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy on the control of type 2 diabetes in patients with severe obesity at 5 years at the University Hospital, France. METHODS: From a total of 355 patients with severe obesity operated between January 2006 and June 2010, 52 (15%) had a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes before undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
July 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735561/isolated-revision-of-the-acetabular-component-using-alumina-on-alumina-bearings-without-a-metal-sleeve-a-preliminary-study
#11
Kuan-Ting Wu, Jun-Wen Wang, Yu-Der Lu, Shih-Hsiang Yen, Mel S Lee
INTRODUCTION: There has been a debate on the use of ceramic-on-ceramic coupling with the retained femoral stem in isolated acetabular revision. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review the results and complications of isolated revision of the acetabular component using alumina-on-alumina bearings. METHODS: Between August 2010 and December 2013, 22 patients (23 hips) with a mean age of 60.74 years (40-73) underwent isolated revision of the acetabular component from metal-on-polyethylene to alumina-on-alumina bearings without using a metal sleeve on the undamaged trunnion...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734443/lung-abscess-as-delayed-manifestation-of-pulmonary-arterial-narrowing-after-sleeve-resection
#12
Frederik S Frenzen, Thomas Lesser, Ivan Platzek, Frank-Thomas Riede, Martin Kolditz
A patient who had undergone right upper bilobectomy because of a carcinoid experienced lung abscesses 17 months after operation. After recurrences, despite different antibiotic agents, dual-energy computed tomography showed subtotal stenosis of the right lower lobe pulmonary artery with marked pulmonary perfusion-reduction. Rare causes of lung-abscesses should be considered.
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733692/the-early-effect-of-laporascopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-taste-change-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort
#13
Fathimath Naseer, Su Lin Lim, Jimmy By So, Davide Lomanto, Pamela Sy Er, Liang Shen, Guowei Kim, Asim Shabbir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730276/effect-of-patient-reported-smoking-status-on-short-term-bariatric-surgery-outcomes
#14
Michael Inadomi, Rahul Iyengar, Ilana Fischer, Xing Chen, Emily Flagler, Amir A Ghaferi
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative patient screening is a major contributor to the remarkable safety of bariatric surgery. Smoking status is a modifiable patient risk factor, and smoking cessation is associated with improved outcomes in surgical patients. However, the length of smoking cessation necessary to optimize bariatric surgery patient outcomes is not yet defined. We sought to explore the relationship between patient-reported smoking status and short-term bariatric surgery outcomes. METHODS: Using prospectively collected data from the MBSC registry, we evaluated the effects of patient-reported length of tobacco abstinence on 30-day surgical outcomes...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728833/unexplained-abdominal-pain-in-morbidly-obese-patients-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Annouk S Pierik, Usha K Coblijn, Christel A L de Raaff, R N van Veen, Willem F van Tets, Bart A van Wagensveld
BACKGROUND: There is an overall complication rate of 6.3%-10% after bariatric surgery. After ruling out anatomic/physical causes, there is a substantial group of patients who develop unexplained postsurgical abdominal pain. OBJECTIVES: To inventory the prevalence of unexplained abdominal pain after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and to determine predictive factors for unexplained abdominal pain. SETTING: Obesity Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
July 3, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726191/virtual-experimental-validation-of-dynamic-osteosynthesis-in-the-treatment-of-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur
#16
V E Dubrov, I A Kuz'kin, I M Shcherbakov, A L Matveev, A V Yudin
Volume model of transtrochanteric fracture of the femoral bone fixed by Targon PF dynamic fixator was studied by the finite element analysis. The following parameters were measured: magnitude and direction of displacement of system elements, pressure between fragments, and von Mises stress distribution in the fixator depending on support screw plunging into the sleeve. The results indicate that stability of the bone-nail system increases during fracture union and 10-mm shortening of the femoral neck axis, which is seen from a decrease in system deformation under load by 16...
June 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726146/an-odyssey-of-complications-from-band-to-sleeve-to-bypass-definitive-laparoscopic-completion-gastrectomy-with-distal-esophagectomy-and-esophagojejunostomy-for-persistent-leak
#17
Hideo Takahashi, Andrew T Strong, Alfredo D Guerron, John H Rodriguez, Matthew Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leaks are uncommon yet potentially devastating complications after bariatric surgery. While the initial management includes resuscitation and sepsis control, the definitive management often requires endoscopic or surgical interventions. Surgical revision of the initial surgery may be necessary for chronic non-healing fistula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patient is a 45-year-old female with history of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding who underwent band removal and conversion to a sleeve gastrectomy (SG) due to her failed weight loss, which resulted in a leak at gastroesophageal junction...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726143/endoscopic-management-of-post-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-stenosis
#18
Valérie Deslauriers, Amélie Beauchamp, Fabio Garofalo, Henri Atlas, Ronald Denis, Pierre Garneau, Radu Pescarus
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most popular bariatric surgery worldwide. Gastric sleeve stenosis is the most common postoperative complication, occurring in up to 3.9% of the cases. Current treatment options include endoscopic treatments, such as dilatations and stent placement as well as surgical revisions such as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), wedge gastrectomy or seromyotomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our prospectively collected therapeutical endoscopy database was performed between January 2014 and February 2017...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725979/effect-of-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery-on-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-and-normal-thyroid-function
#19
João Sérgio Neves, Sofia Castro Oliveira, Pedro Souteiro, Jorge Pedro, Daniela Magalhães, Vanessa Guerreiro, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Maria Manuel Costa, Ana Cristina Santos, Joana Queirós, Ana Varela, Paula Freitas, Davide Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that morbid obesity is associated with increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. However, it is not clear what is the impact of bariatric surgery on postoperative thyroid function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss after bariatric surgery on TSH levels in euthyroid patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of 949 euthyroid patients (86...
July 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717871/sleeve-gastrectomy-telementoring-a-sages-multi-institutional-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Ninh T Nguyen, Allan Okrainec, Mehran Anvari, Brian Smith, Oz Meireles, Denise Gee, Erin Moran-Atkin, Evelyn Baram-Clothier, Diego R Camacho
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure that developed as a result of rapid innovation in the field of bariatric surgery. As with any newly developed operation, there is a learning curve that potentially can be associated with higher morbidity. Real-time surgical mentoring reduces the learning curve effect but can be time intensive for the mentor. The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and satisfaction of surgical telementoring for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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