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Baby led weaning

Judy A Beal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Louise J Fangupo, Anne-Louise M Heath, Sheila M Williams, Liz W Erickson Williams, Brittany J Morison, Elizabeth A Fleming, Barry J Taylor, Benjamin J Wheeler, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a baby-led approach to complementary feeding on infant choking and gagging. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in 206 healthy infants allocated to control (usual care) or Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS; 8 contacts from antenatal to 9 months providing resources and support). BLISS is a form of baby-led weaning (ie, infants feed themselves all their food from the beginning of complementary feeding) modified to address concerns about choking risk...
October 2016: Pediatrics
Brittany J Morison, Rachael W Taylor, Jillian J Haszard, Claire J Schramm, Liz Williams Erickson, Louise J Fangupo, Elizabeth A Fleming, Ashley Luciano, Anne-Louise M Heath
OBJECTIVES: To compare the food, nutrient and 'family meal' intakes of infants following baby-led weaning (BLW) with those of infants following a more traditional spoon-feeding (TSF) approach to complementary feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of dietary intake and feeding behaviours in 51 age-matched and sex-matched infants (n=25 BLW, 26 TSF) 6-8 months of age. METHODS: Parents completed a questionnaire, and weighed diet records (WDRs) on 1-3 non-consecutive days, to investigate food and nutrient intakes, the extent to which infants were self-fed or parent-fed, and infant involvement in 'family meals'...
May 6, 2016: BMJ Open
Keisuke Nakanishi, Tomoko Kato, Shiori Kawasaki, Atsushi Amano
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with a centrifugal pump requires a certain flow rate; therefore, its application for low body weight infants is frequently accompanied by oxygenator membrane malfunction and/or inadequate perfusion. To prevent low-flow associated complications, we report a case in which a novel system of dual roller pumps was used. A baby girl with a body mass index 0.25 m(2), who experienced difficulty weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass after a Norwood-like operation, required an ECMO...
January 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Elisa D'Andrea, Kielyn Jenkins, Maria Mathews, Barbara Roebothan
PURPOSE: To date, baby-led weaning (BLW) has not been examined in a Canadian population. This research investigated common BLW practices and compared associated knowledge and perceptions of practicing mothers and health care professionals (HCPs). METHODS: Sixty-five mothers practicing BLW and 33 HCPs were surveyed using 2 online questionnaires. Mothers were recruited through the Newfoundland and Labrador BLW Facebook page and HCPs via email at 2 regional health authorities...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Kinderkrankenschwester: Organ der Sektion Kinderkrankenpflege
Lisa Daniels, Anne-Louise M Heath, Sheila M Williams, Sonya L Cameron, Elizabeth A Fleming, Barry J Taylor, Ben J Wheeler, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the World Health Organization recommended that the age for starting complementary feeding should be changed from 4 to 6 months of age to 6 months. Although this change in age has generated substantial debate, surprisingly little attention has been paid to whether advice on how to introduce complementary foods should also be changed. It has been proposed that by 6 months of age most infants will have developed sufficient motor skills to be able to feed themselves rather than needing to be spoon-fed by an adult...
November 12, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
Sonya L Cameron, Rachael W Taylor, Anne-Louise M Heath
BACKGROUND: In Baby-Led Weaning (BLW), infants are offered 'finger' foods from the start of the complementary feeding period instead of being spoon-fed. Healthcare professionals have expressed concerns about adequacy of iron and energy intake, and about choking, for infants following Baby-Led Weaning. METHODS: We developed a modified version of BLW, Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS), to address these concerns. In a 12-week pilot study, families who had chosen to use a BLW approach were assigned to BLISS (n = 14) or BLW (n = 9)...
August 26, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
Michael Obladen
Poppy extract accompanied the human infant for more than 3 millenia. Motives for its use included excessive crying, suspected pain, and diarrhea. In antiquity, infantile sleeplessness was regarded as a disease. When treatment with opium was recommended by Galen, Rhazes, and Avicenna, baby sedation made its way into early medical treatises and pediatric instructions. Dabbing maternal nipples with bitter substances and drugging the infant with opium were used to hasten weaning. A freerider of gum lancing, opiates joined the treatment of difficult teething in the 17th century...
February 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Patrizia Alvisi, Sandra Brusa, Stefano Alboresi, Sergio Amarri, Paolo Bottau, Giovanni Cavagni, Barbara Corradini, Linda Landi, Leonardo Loroni, Miris Marani, Irene M Osti, Carlotta Povesi-Dascola, Carlo Caffarelli, Luca Valeriani, Carlo Agostoni
Weaning (or introduction of complementary feeding) is a special and important moment in the growth of a child, both for the family and the infant itself, and it can play a major role in the child's future health. Throughout the years, various weaning modes have come in succession, the latest being baby-led weaning; the timing for introducing foods and the requirements of which sort of nutrient for weaning have also changed over time. Furthermore, the role played by nutrition, especially in the early stages of life, for the onset of later non-communicable disorders, such as diabetes, obesity or coeliac disease has also been increasingly highlighted...
April 28, 2015: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Amy Brown
Baby-led weaning, where infants self-feed family foods in place of traditional spoon-feeding of purees, is continuing to grow in popularity. Evidence is emerging which suggests that the method may promote healthier eating behaviour and weight gain in children, but the research is in its infancy. One issue is the self-selecting nature of participants to the approach. Although those who follow a baby-led approach are known to have a higher education and more professional occupation, little is known about wider maternal characteristics, which might affect either adoption of or outcomes of the method...
October 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Madelynne A Arden, Rachel L Abbott
Baby-led weaning (BLW) is an approach to introducing solid foods that relies on the presence of self-feeding skills and is increasing in popularity in the UK and New Zealand. This study aimed to investigate the reported experiences and feelings of mothers using a BLW approach in order to better understand the experiences of the mother and infant, the benefits and challenges of the approach, and the beliefs that underpin these experiences. Fifteen UK mothers were interviewed over the course of a series of five emails using a semi-structured approach...
October 2015: Maternal & Child Nutrition
A Brown, M D Lee
BACKGROUND: Nutrition during infancy may have a long-term impact upon weight gain and eating style. How infants are introduced to solid foods may be important. Traditionally, infants are introduced to solid foods via spoon-feeding of purees. However, baby-led weaning advocates allowing infants to self-feed foods in their whole form. Advocates suggest this may promote healthy eating styles, but evidence is sparse. The aim of the current study was to compare child eating behaviour at 18-24 months between infants weaned using a traditional weaning approach and those weaned using a baby-led weaning style...
February 2015: Pediatric Obesity
Sonya L Cameron, Rachael W Taylor, Anne-Louise M Heath
OBJECTIVE: To determine feeding practices and selected health-related behaviours in New Zealand families following a 'baby-led' or more traditional 'parent-led' method for introducing complementary foods. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 199 mothers completed an online survey about introducing complementary foods to their infant. Participants were classified into one of four groups: 'adherent baby-led weaning (BLW)', the infant mostly or entirely fed themselves at 6-7 months; 'self-identified BLW', mothers reported following BLW at 6-7 months but were using spoon-feeding at least half the time; 'parent-led feeding', the mother reported not having tried BLW; and 'unclassified method', the mother reported they were not following BLW at 6-7 months but reported the infant mostly or entirely fed themselves at 6-7 months...
December 9, 2013: BMJ Open
Sonya L Cameron, Anne-Louise M Heath, Rachael W Taylor
Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) is an alternative method for introducing complementary foods to infants in which the infant feeds themselves hand-held foods instead of being spoon-fed by an adult. The BLW infant also shares family food and mealtimes and is offered milk (ideally breast milk) on demand until they self-wean. Anecdotal evidence suggests that many parents are choosing this method instead of conventional spoon-feeding of purées. Observational studies suggest that BLW may encourage improved eating patterns and lead to a healthier body weight, although it is not yet clear whether these associations are causal...
November 2, 2012: Nutrients
Sonya Lynne Cameron, Anne-Louise Mary Heath, Rachael Waring Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) is an alternative approach for introducing complementary foods to infants that emphasises infant self-feeding rather than adult spoon-feeding. Here we examined healthcare professionals' and mothers' knowledge of, attitudes to and experiences with, BLW. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare professionals (n=31) and mothers who had used BLW (n=20) completed a semistructured interview using one of two tailored interview schedules examining their knowledge of, attitudes to and experiences with, BLW...
2012: BMJ Open
M Caroli, R M Mele, M A Tomaselli, M Cammisa, F Longo, E Attolini
Early nutrition is considered to be crucial for development of persistent obesity in later life. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of complementary feeding patterns across European countries. Most European infants introduce solid foods earlier than 6 completed months of age as recommended by WHO. The commonest risk factors for early introduction of solid foods have been shown to be smoking mothers of young age, low SES and no breastfeeding. The foods most frequently introduced as first solids are fruit and cereals followed by other foods that vary depending on the country of residence and the infants' type of feeding...
October 2012: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Amanda P Moore, Peter Milligan, Louise M Goff
The UK weaning guidelines recommend the introduction of solid food at or around 6 months. The evidence suggests that knowledge of the guidelines is high, although only a small minority of parents wait until 6 months to wean. The aim of this study was to assess understanding of the UK weaning guidelines in a sample of UK parents and investigate the associations of this understanding with weaning timing, and in comparison to other influencing factors. This study conducted an online survey of UK parents. Eligible participants had weaned a child since the introduction of the current guidelines...
July 2014: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Hannah Rowan, Cristen Harris
Baby-led weaning (BLW) is a style of solid food introduction that emphasizes self-feeding rather than spoon-feeding. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether parents using BLW change their dietary intake during weaning, and if their babies are offered family foods. Participants kept diet diaries at baseline and three months later, post-BLW implementation. Wilcoxon tests revealed no significant changes in dietary intake during the first three months of weaning, however, parents offered their children 57% of the same foods they were consuming...
June 2012: Appetite
Ellen Townsend, Nicola J Pitchford
OBJECTIVE: The impact of different weaning methods on food preferences and body mass index (BMI) in early childhood is not known. Here, we examine if weaning method-baby-led weaning versus traditional spoon feeding-influences food preferences and health-related outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n=155) recruited through the Nottingham Toddler laboratory and relevant internet sites completed a questionnaire concerning (1) infant feeding and weaning style (baby-led=92, spoon-fed=63, age range 20-78 months), (2) their child's preference for 151 foods (analysed by common food categories, eg, carbohydrates, proteins, dairy) and (3) exposure (frequency of consumption)...
2012: BMJ Open
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