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Rhabdomyolysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203579/rhabdomyolysis-following-initiation-of-posaconazole-use-for-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-case-report
#1
Mayur D Mody, Deepak Ravindranathan, Harpaul S Gill, Vamsi K Kota
Posaconazole is a commonly used medication for antifungal prophylaxis in patients with high-risk acute leukemia, such as acute myeloid leukemia. Despite clinical data that show that posaconazole is superior to other antifungal prophylaxis medications, posaconazole is known to have many side effects and drug-drug interactions. We present a patient who developed rhabdomyolysis after being started on posaconazole for prophylaxis in the setting of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia.
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202119/-acute-renal-failure-caused-by-rhabdomyolysis-in-children-a-clinical-analysis-of-26-cases
#2
Fan-Ying Meng, Xiao-Rong Liu, Qian Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of acute renal failure (ARF) caused by rhabdomyolysis (RM) in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data, laboratory examination, and prognosis of 26 RM children with ARF. RESULTS: The causes for all 26 RM children with ARF were non-traumatic diseases, and the three most common causes were infection (69%), diabetes (12%), and metabolic disease (8%)...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191776/clinical-grade-isolated-human-kidney-perivascular-stromal-cells-as-an-organotypic-cell-source-for-kidney-regenerative-medicine
#3
Daniëlle G Leuning, Marlies E J Reinders, Joan Li, Anna J Peired, Ellen Lievers, Hetty C de Boer, Willem E Fibbe, Paola Romagnani, Cees van Kooten, Melissa H Little, Marten A Engelse, Ton J Rabelink
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are immunomodulatory and tissue homeostatic cells that have shown beneficial effects in kidney diseases and transplantation. Perivascular stromal cells (PSCs) identified within several different organs share characteristics of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs). These PSCs may also possess tissue-specific properties and play a role in local tissue homeostasis. We hypothesized that human kidney-derived PSCs (hkPSCs) would elicit improved kidney repair in comparison with BM-MSCs...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187523/hyperckemia-and-myalgia-are-a-common-presentation-of-anoctamin-5-ano5-related-myopathy-in-french-patients
#4
Constantinos Papadopoulos, Pascal Laforêt, Juliette Nectoux, Tanya Stojkovic, Karim Wahbi, Robert-Yves Carlier, Pierre G Carlier, Sarah Leonard-Louis, France Leturcq, Norma Romero, Bruno Eymard, Anthony Behin
Introduction Patients with ANO5 mutations may present not only limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2L or adult-onset Miyoshi-type myopathy but also with asymptomatic hyperCKemia, exercise intolerance, or rhabdomyolysis. Materials/Methods Data from 38 in France with ANO5 mutations with and without muscle weakness on first examination were compared. Results Twenty patients presented without muscle weakness. Median age at symptom onset or discovery of hyperCKemia was 23 years. Creatine kinase (CK) levels ranged from 200 to 40,000 U/L...
February 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183359/unexpected-extrapyramidal-symptoms-and-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-exertional-heatstroke-with-fulminant-liver-failure-a-case-report
#5
Jie Jiao, Feihu Zhou, Hongjun Kang, Chao Liu, Mengmeng Yang, Jie Hu
BACKGROUND: Exertional heatstroke is a life-threatening condition with high mortality because of the rapid progress of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome even if aggressive treatments are initiated rapidly. Mild to moderate hepatic injury is common in exertional heatstroke, while fulminant liver failure is rare. Extrapyramidal symptoms and pulmonary aspergillosis secondary to liver failure induced by exertional heatstroke have never been reported in prior cases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old Han Chinese man presented with exertional heatstroke with fulminant liver failure, subsequent pulmonary aspergillosis, and extrapyramidal symptoms...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181821/characteristic-mr-image-finding-of-squatting-exercise-induced-rhabdomyolysis-of-the-thigh-muscles
#6
Eung Koo Yeon, Kyung Nam Ryu, Hye Jin Kang, So Hee Yoon, So Young Park, Ji Seon Park, Wook Jin
: Obective: To describe the characteristic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of squatting-induced rhabdomyolysis involving the thigh muslces. METHODS: This study consisted of 10 cases obtained at three institutions from 2005 to 2015. A retrospective review was performed to obtain clinical information and MR scans for rhabdomyolysis of the thigh muscles. MR imaging was analyzed according to the distribution and degree of muscle involvement; the degree was assessed and graded as normal, mild or prominent...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154285/fatal-rhabdomyolysis-caused-by-morganella-morganii-in-a-patient-with-multiple-myeloma
#7
Osamu Imataki, Makiko Uemura
A 64-year-old Japanese man with multiple myeloma was admitted to our institute due to fever and hypotension. He had received multiple courses of chemotherapy just before his febrile episode. Blood culturing detected Morganella morganii. At the time of the diagnosis, his laboratory findings revealed massive rhabdomyolysis with a significantly increased creatinine kinase level (CK; 3,582 U/L); 98.8% of which corresponded to the CK-MB isotype. We diagnosed the patient with sepsis caused by M. morganii, complicated with severe rhabdomyolysis...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154278/near-fatal-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#8
Luca Foppiani, Bruno Massobrio, Christian Cascio, Giancarlo Antonucci
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder which typically occurs in young women; however, more and more cases in middle-aged women are being reported. The management of this complex disease requires a team approach, and full recovery occurs only in 50% of patients. Endocrine and metabolic complications are commonly observed, the latter of which may even be life-threatening, and require prompt and proper management. Infections, albeit reported, are not usually a major clinical problem in these patients...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148578/hypokalaemia-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-the-missing-piece
#9
Umer Farooq Khan, Lee Chun Tsu, Kong-Bing Tan, Jingxiang Huang, Audrey LiAnn Wong
A 58-year-old Chinese woman with well controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus presented with acute and progressive bilateral lower limb weakness. Investigations revealed severe hypokalaemia (1.3 mmol/L) and hypophosphataemia (<0.32 mmol/L) with rhabdomyolysis and electrocardiogram changes, without other concurrent biochemical abnormalities. Immediate intravenous and oral potassium and phosphate replacement was initiated with objective improvement in weakness with replenished electrolyte levels. Urine studies confirmed renal potassium wasting...
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146033/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-in-a-21-year-old-healthy-female-a-case-report
#10
Brianna D McKay, Noelle M Yeo, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Amelia A Miramonti, Joel T Cramer
The optimal resistance training program to elicit muscle hypertrophy has been recently debated and researched. Although 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 70-80% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM) is widely recommended, recent studies have shown that low-load (∼30% 1RM), high-repetition (3 sets of 30-40 repetitions) resistance training can elicit similar muscular hypertrophy. Incidentally, this type of resistance training has gained popularity. In the process of testing this hypothesis in a research study in our laboratory, a subject was diagnosed with exertional rhabdomyolysis after completing a resistance training session that involved 3 sets to failure at 30% 1RM...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139551/rhabdomyolysis-with-cardiac-dystrophic-calcification
#11
Biplab Das, Sanjay Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137731/clinical-presentation-autopsy-results-and-toxicology-findings-in-an-acute-n-ethylpentylone-fatality
#12
Phoutthasone Thirakul, Laura S Hair, Kirstin L Bergen, Julia M Pearson
The clinical presentation, autopsy findings and toxicology results in an acute fatality involving N-ethylpentylone, a new cathinone derivative, are described. Law enforcement transported a male who was agitated and exhibiting unusual behavior to a local hospital. Upon arrival at the hospital, his body temperature was 105.5 degrees Fahrenheit and his blood pH was 6.7. Clinical laboratory analysis revealed elevated troponins, rhabdomyolysis, hypoglycemia, hepatic and renal injury, respiratory failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132977/mitochondrial-trifunctional-protein-deficiency-an-adult-patient-with-similar-progress-to-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#13
Yuki Yamamoto, Naoko Matsui, Yu Hiramatsu, Yoshimichi Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nodera, Yuishin Izumi, Hiroshi Takashima, Ryuji Kaji
A 45-year-old man presented to us due to slowly progressive muscle weakness and sensory disturbances in his lower limbs since his 40's. He reported multiple episodes of exercise-induced severe muscle fatigue and brown urine in his childhood, which disappeared by age 20. A nerve conduction study showed peripheral axonal neuropathy and then Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) was considered as the most likely diagnosis; however, exome sequencing failed to identify a mutation in the known genes of CMTs. Since age 55, he recurrently developed severe rhabdomyolysis that required hospitalization...
January 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128878/heat-stroke-leading-to-acute-liver-injury-failure-a-case-series-from-the-acute-liver-failure-study-group
#14
Brian C Davis, Holly Tillman, Raymond T Chung, R Todd Stravitz, K Rajender Reddy, Robert J Fontana, Brendan McGuire, Timothy Davern, William M Lee
OBJECTIVE: In the United States, nearly 1000 annual cases of heat stroke are reported but the frequency and outcome of severe liver injury in such patients is not well described. The aim of this study was to describe cases of acute liver injury (ALI) or failure (ALF) caused by heat stroke in a large ALF registry. DATA SOURCES: Amongst 2,675 consecutive subjects enrolled in a prospective observational cohort of patients with ALI or ALF between January 1998 and April 2015, there were 8 subjects with heat stroke...
January 27, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120165/investigating-the-link-of-acad10-deficiency-to-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Kaitlyn Bloom, Al-Walid Mohsen, Anuradha Karunanidhi, Dina El Demellawy, Miguel Reyes-Múgica, Yudong Wang, Lina Ghaloul-Gonzalez, Chikara Otsubo, Kimi Tobita, Radhika Muzumdar, Zhenwei Gong, Emir Tas, Shrabani Basu, Jie Chen, Michael Bennett, Charles Hoppel, Jerry Vockley
The Native American Pima population has the highest incidence of insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) of any reported population, but the pathophysiologic mechanism is unknown. Genetic studies in Pima Indians have linked acyl-CoA dehydrogenase 10 (ACAD10) gene polymorphisms, among others, to this predisposition. The gene codes for a protein with a C-terminus region that is structurally similar to members of a family of flavoenzymes-the acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (ACADs)-that catalyze α,β-dehydrogenation reactions, including the first step in mitochondrial FAO (FAO), and intermediary reactions in amino acids catabolism...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118531/an-unexpected-cause-of-rhabdomyolysis-and-proximal-muscle-weakness
#16
Samuel H Poon, Lanu Stoddart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117405/biological-membrane-packed-mesenchymal-stem-cells-treat-acute-kidney-disease-by-ameliorating-mitochondrial-related-apoptosis
#17
Xiaodong Geng, Quan Hong, Weiwei Wang, Wei Zheng, Ou Li, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen, Di Wu
The mortality of rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI remains high because no effective therapy exists. We investigated a new therapeutic method using MSCs. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential and anti-apoptotic mechanisms of action of MSCs in the treatment of AKI induced by glycerol in vivo and in vitro. We used Duragen as a biological membrane to pack MSCs on the glycerol-injured renal tissue in vivo. The anti-apoptotic mechanism was investigated. In vitro, HK-2 cells were incubated with ferrous myoglobin and MSCs-conditioned medium, followed by cell proliferation and apoptosis assays...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097528/pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-n-benzylphenethylamine-nbome-hallucinogens
#18
Adam L Halberstadt
Serotonergic hallucinogens induce profound changes in perception and cognition. The characteristic effects of hallucinogens are mediated by 5-HT2A receptor activation. One class of hallucinogens are 2,5-dimethoxy-substituted phenethylamines, such as the so-called 2C-X compounds 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenethylamine (2C-B) and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenethylamine (2C-I). Addition of an N-benzyl group to phenethylamine hallucinogens produces a marked increase in 5-HT2A-binding affinity and hallucinogenic potency...
January 18, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093797/adverse-reactions-to-dietary-supplements-containing-red-yeast-rice-assessment-of-cases-from-the-italian-surveillance-system
#19
Gabriela Mazzanti, Paola Angela Moro, Emanuel Raschi, Roberto Da Cas, Francesca Menniti-Ippolito
AIMS: Red yeast rice (RYR) is contained in dietary supplements for patients with dyslipidemia. RYR supplements contain monacolin K, which is chemically identical to lovastatin, a licensed drug with a well-known risk profile. We aim to describe the safety profile of RYR by analysing spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs). METHODS: Within the Italian Surveillance System of Natural Health Products, suspected ARs were collected and evaluated by a multidisciplinary group of experts to assess causality using the WHO-UMC system or the CIOMS/RUCAM score, for hepatic reactions...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089338/lymphangitis-from-scolopendra-heros-envenomation-the-texas-redheaded-centipede
#20
Shannon E Essler, Maneesha Julakanti, Andrew L Juergens
Envenomation by Scolopendra heros, the Texas redheaded centipede, can present variably. Although transient pain and erythema are often treated conservatively, complications may include cellulitis, necrosis, myocardial infarction, and rhabdomyolysis. We present a case of an elderly man who came to the emergency department with lymphangitis and dermatitis secondary to a centipede sting that awoke him from sleep. It is important to recognize the potential of centipede envenomation to have severe local and systemic manifestations...
January 11, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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