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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045408/older-adults-acceptance-of-a-robot-for-partner-dance-based-exercise
#1
Tiffany L Chen, Tapomayukh Bhattacharjee, Jenay M Beer, Lena H Ting, Madeleine E Hackney, Wendy A Rogers, Charles C Kemp
Partner dance has been shown to be beneficial for the health of older adults. Robots could potentially facilitate healthy aging by engaging older adults in partner dance-based exercise. However, partner dance involves physical contact between the dancers, and older adults would need to be accepting of partner dancing with a robot. Using methods from the technology acceptance literature, we conducted a study with 16 healthy older adults to investigate their acceptance of robots for partner dance-based exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040840/experiences-of-structural-vulnerability-among-exotic-dancers-in-baltimore-maryland-co-occurring-social-and-economic-antecedents-of-hiv-sti-risk
#2
Meredith L Brantley, Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Deanna Kerrigan, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Women who grow up in economic scarcity often face limited opportunities for upward mobility, as a result of challenges securing stable housing, quality education, and steady employment. Chronic instability may limit the capacity of women to protect themselves against HIV/STI-related harm when engaging in sexual activity or drug use. Characterizing the structural contexts that facilitate HIV/STI risk among women are critical to effective design and implementation of drug and sexual harm reduction interventions...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#3
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034903/swimming-without-a-spine-computational-modeling-and-analysis-of-the-swimming-hydrodynamics-of-the-spanish-dancer
#4
Zhuoyu Zhou, Rajat Mittal
Incompressible flow simulations are used to study the swimming of a Spanish Dancer (Hexabranchus sanguineus), a soft-bodied invertebrate marine gastropod that swims by combining body pitching with undulations of its large mantle. A simple model based on a field video is employed as the basis for the model and coupling of the flow with the body acceleration enables us to examine the free swimming of this animal. Simulations indicate propulsive efficiencies of up to about 57% and terminal swimming speeds of 1...
October 16, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022362/narratives-of-health-and-illness-arts-based-research-capturing-the-lived-experience-of-dementia
#5
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
Introduction This paper presents three artists' residencies in a geriatric medicine unit in a teaching hospital. The aim of the residencies was creation of new work of high artistic quality reflecting the lived experience of the person with dementia and greater understanding of service user experience of living with dementia. This paper also explores arts-based research methodologies in a medical setting. Method Arts-based research and narrative enquiry were the method used in this study. Artists had extensive access to service users with dementia, family carers and clinical team...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#6
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993484/interneurons-in-the-honeybee-primary-auditory-center-responding-to-waggle-dance-like-vibration-pulses
#7
Hiroyuki Ai, Kazuki Kai, Ajayrama Kumaraswamy, Hidetoshi Ikeno, Thomas Wachtler
Female honeybees use the 'waggle dance' to communicate the location of nectar sources to their hive mates. Distance information is encoded in the duration of the waggle phase (von Frisch, 1967). During the waggle phase the dancer produces trains of vibration pulses, which are detected by the follower bees via Johnston's organ located on the antennae. To uncover the neural mechanisms underlying the encoding of distance information in the waggle dance follower, we investigated morphology, physiology, and immunohistochemistry of interneurons arborizing in the primary auditory center of the honeybee (Apis mellifera)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988268/epidemiology-of-dance-related-injuries-presenting-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-2000-2013
#8
Amy J Vassallo, Claire Hiller, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Evangelos Pappas
Dance is a popular activity associated with many physical and mental health benefits, but injuries are a concern for all skill levels. Previous studies have focused on professional dancers or particular genres, meaning the population-wide characteristics of injuries is unknown. This study's objective was to identify the incidence and types of dance-related injuries evaluated in emergency departments in the United States over the 14-year period 2000-2013. METHODS: Data were obtained from the nationally representative National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from 2000-2013...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988267/leg-length-in-relation-to-selected-ballet-performance-indicators
#9
C C Karpodini, M A Wyon, N Comoutos, Y Koutedakis
It is unclear whether the modern ballet body stereotype of long limbs is advantageous in dance performance. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between leg-length and selected dance movements representative of power, dexterity, and range of motion in ballet dancers at different competence levels. METHODS: The total of 10 recreational, 24 vocational, and 10 professional ballerinas volunteered. They were subjected to: a) lower limb-length measurements, b) power tests (vertical jump-sautés and unilateral countermovement jump-temps levé), c) dexterity tests (tendus and double battement frappes), and d) flexibility tests (lateral active and passive-développé à la seconde)...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988265/overuse-injuries-in-professional-anatolian-folk-dancers-a-descriptive-study-verified-with-mri
#10
Neslihan Aksu, Vefa Atansay, Taner Aksu, Şukriye Damla Kara, Safiye Koçulu, Işık Karalök
BACKGROUND: Professional dancers are artists as well as athletes who push their bodies beyond limits for aesthetic expression. Therefore, overuse injuries are common. We present our findings on overuse injuries in Anatolian (Turkish) folk dancers. METHODS: The Fire of Anatolia dance group comprises of 82 dancers (37 male, 45 female) with a mean age of 27.96±5.05 yrs (range 18 to 38). Forty-one dancers from this group presented to our clinic between February 2009 and April 2016 with complaints of pain, and 25 of them had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for verification...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974587/statin-therapy-in-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#11
Frances S Grudzinska, Davinder Ps Dosanjh, Dhruv Parekh, Rachel Ca Dancer, Jaimin Patel, Peter Nightingale, Georgia M Walton, Elizabeth Sapey, David R Thickett
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of death from infection in developed countries. There is evidence of an association between improved survival from infection and statin use. The possible beneficial effects of statins are complicated by the common use of macrolide antibiotics for pneumonia, with current guidance suggesting that concurrent macrolide and statin use is contraindicated.We conducted an observational study of statin use in patients with CAP. Of 2,067 patients with CAP, 30.4% were on statin therapy at admission...
October 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940488/i-can-feel-my-heartbeat-dancers-have-increased-interoceptive-accuracy
#12
Julia F Christensen, Sebastian B Gaigg, Beatriz Calvo-Merino
Interoception is the process of perceiving afferent signals arising from within the body including heart rate (HR), gastric signals, etc., and has been described as a mechanism crucially involved in the creation of self-awareness and selfhood. The heartbeat perception task is a tool to measure individuals' interoceptive accuracy (IAcc). IAcc correlates positively with measures of self-awareness and with attributes including emotional sensitivity, empathy, prosocial behavior, and efficient decision making. IAcc is only moderate in the general population, and attempts to identify groups of people who might have higher IAcc due to their specific training (e...
September 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918820/on-gray-dancing-constructions-of-age-normality-through-choreography-and-temporal-codes
#13
Clary Krekula, Markus Arvidson, Satu Heikkinen, Andreas Henriksson, Eva Olsson
Against the background of population aging, older peoples dance has attracted attention in research and its health promoting effects and social meanings have been brought to the fore. In this article we focus on the context and power dimensions of dance with an emphasis on the organizing of dance among older adults in terms of social discourses and age relationships. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 33 older dancers and 11 dance providers in Sweden, the study illustrates how dance is organized through social discourses on healthism and on the increasing group of older people as a powerful consumer group...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916178/the-cerebellum-s-contribution-to-beat-interval-discrimination
#14
S Paquette, S Fujii, H C Li, G Schlaug
From expert percussionists to individuals who cannot dance, there are widespread differences in people's abilities to perceive and synchronize with a musical beat. The aim of our study was to identify candidate brain regions that might be associated with these abilities. For this purpose, we used Voxel-Based-Morphometry to correlate inter-individual differences in performance on the Harvard Beat Assessment Tests (H-BAT) with local inter-individual variations in gray matter volumes across the entire brain space in 60 individuals...
September 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#15
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite-level adolescent athletes. Objective To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite-level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite-level adolescent athletes (36 adolescent boys, 96 adolescent girls; mean ± SD age, 14...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915093/sport-skill-specific-expertise-biases-sensory-integration-for-spatial-referencing-and-postural-control
#16
Michalis Thalassinos, Giorgos Fotiadis, Fotini Arabatzi, Brice Isableu, Vassilia Hatzitaki
The authors asked how sport expertise modulates visual field dependence and sensory reweighting for controlling posture. Experienced soccer athletes, ballet dancers, and nonathletes performed (a) a Rod and Frame test and (b) a 100-s bipedal stance task during which vision and proprioception were successively or concurrently disrupted in 20-s blocks. Postural adaptation was assessed in the mean center of pressure displacement, root mean square of center of pressure velocity and ankle muscles integrated electromyography activity...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892282/diabetic-foot-infection-antibiotic-therapy-and-good-practice-recommendations
#17
Nicholas D Barwell, Marion C Devers, Brian Kennon, Helen E Hopkinson, Claire McDougall, Matthew J Young, Hannah M A Robertson, Duncan Stang, Stephanie J Dancer, Andrew Seaton, Graham P Leese
BACKGROUND: Healthcare events related to diabetic foot disease carry a burden of morbidity, mortality and economic cost. Prompt identification of clinical infection with appropriate tissue sampling limits use of broad spectrum empirical antibiotics and improves antibiotic stewardship. Staphylococcus aureus remains the commonest infecting organism and high-dose flucloxacillin remains the empirical antibiotic of choice for antibiotic naïve patients. Barriers to microbe-specific treatment include: adequate tissue sampling, delays in culture results, drug allergies and the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms which can complicate the choice of targeted antibiotics...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891519/following-during-physically-coupled-joint-action-engages-motion-area-mt-v5
#18
Léa A S Chauvigné, Michel Belyk, Steven Brown
Interpersonal coordination during joint action depends on the perception of the partner's movements. In many such situations - for example, while moving furniture together or dancing a tango - there are kinesthetic interactions between the partners due to the forces shared between them that allow them to directly perceive one another's movements. Joint action of this type often involves a contrast between the roles of leader and follower, where the leader imparts forces onto the follower, and the follower has to be responsive to these force-cues during movement...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880595/lower-leg-and-foot-contributions-to-turnout-in-university-level-female-ballet-dancersa-preliminary-investigation
#19
Sarah L Carter, Alan R Bryant, Luke S Hopper
BACKGROUND: Turnout in ballet is produced through summation of the joint structure characteristics and ranges of motion at the hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Contributions of the hip joint to functional turnout in dancers have received extensive examination, whereas little is known about contributions from the knee, ankle, and foot. The aim of this study was to explore the nonhip components of turnout to dancers' functional turnout in first position by assessing passive external tibiofemoral rotation and active measures of foot pronation, ie, navicular drop and Foot Posture Index...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875435/client-and-partner-violence-among-urban-female-exotic-dancers-and-intentions-for-seeking-support-and-justice
#20
Michele R Decker, Jennifer E Nail, Sahnah Lim, Katherine Footer, Wendy Davis, Susan G Sherman
Urban female exotic dancers are thought to experience unique risk for violence and barriers to care, though limited research has focused on this aspect of urban sex industries. We characterize recent client-perpetrated and intimate partner violence (IPV) and their correlates, and describe women's intentions for violence-related help-seeking, among venue-based exotic dancers in a high-risk urban environment. We conducted a cross-sectional study with new female exotic dancers (n = 117) in Baltimore, MD. Over one third (36%) reported intimate partner violence (IPV), and 16% reported client physical or sexual violence, in the six months prior to the survey...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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