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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637234/a-baseline-assessment-by-healthcare-professionals-of-dutch-pharmacotherapeutic-care-for-the-elderly-with-polypharmacy
#1
Lutien Bakker, Peter F Kemper, Cordula Wagner, Gepke O Delwel, Martine C de Bruijne
Polypharmacy is common in the elderly population and is associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events. To diminish this risk, the guideline 'Polypharmacy in the Elderly' has been developed in 2012. This study examines, to what extent Dutch pharmacotherapeutic practice amongst elderly with polypharmacy mirrors the best practice described in this guideline and which barriers threaten it. An observational study was conducted in 2013/14 using a questionnaire distributed amongst Dutch healthcare professionals and elderly patients with polypharmacy...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637219/preventing-occupational-injury-among-police-officers-does-motivation-matter
#2
D K C Chan, D Webb, R M Ryan, T C W Tang, S X Yang, N Ntoumanis, M S Hagger
Background: Injury prevention is an important issue for police officers, but the effectiveness of prevention initiatives is dependent on officers' motivation toward, and adherence to, recommended health and safety guidelines. Aims: To understand effects of police officers' motivation to prevent occupational injury on beliefs about safety and adherence to injury prevention behaviours. Methods: Full-time police officers completed a survey comprising validated psychometric scales to assess autonomous, controlled and amotivated forms of motivation (Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire), behavioural adherence (Self-reported Treatment Adherence Scale) and beliefs (Safety Attitude Questionnaire) with respect to injury prevention behaviours...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637144/what-information-do-patients-need-following-a-whiplash-injury-the-perspectives-of-patients-and-physiotherapists
#3
Annick Maujean, Joanna Sterling, Michele Sterling
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to identify information that individuals with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) need to know in the early stages of recovery and to establish whether there is a difference between what physiotherapists and whiplash-injured patients perceive as important information. METHOD: Forty-one participants were recruited (20 whiplash-injured patients, 21 physiotherapists). Participants were asked to provide five statements to one open-ended question about what they believe is the most important information individuals with WAD need to know in the early stages of recovery...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637110/guidelines-for-cauda-equina-syndrome-red-flags-and-white-flags-systematic-review-and-implications-for-triage
#4
Nicholas V Todd
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) are frequently referred late when neurological damage cannot be reversed. National Guidelines for emergency referral, imaging and treatment of CES contain symptoms and/or signs that are those of late often, irreversible CES. Referral at this stage may be too late for that patient. METHODS: Seven sources were reviewed. Advice re emergency referral/imaging/treatment were reviewed. Symptoms/signs were compared with a standard classification of CES...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637103/-the-development-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
REVIEW
Oh Sang Kwon, Joon Hwan Kim, Ju Hyun Kim
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be one of the important causes of cryptogenic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NAFLD-related HCCs (NAFLD-HCCs) have the following clinical features: high body mass index, deranged lipid profiles, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Among them, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and high Fe contents in the liver are risk factors of developing HCC in patients with NAFLD. Inflammatory cytokines, adipokines, insulin like growth factor-I, and lipotoxicity are intermingled and may cross react with each other to develop HCC...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-other-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-three-provinces-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Carolyn Tomado, Savarina Huliafi, Gloria Munnull, Patricia Rarau, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Handan Wand, Peter Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
Background Papua New Guinea (PNG) is estimated to have among the highest prevalences of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) of any Asia-Pacific country, and one of the highest burdens of maternal syphilis globally. The prevalence of curable STIs, such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), among pregnant women in PNG is relatively unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional bio-behavioural survey to investigate the epidemiology of CT, NG, TV and other STIs among pregnant women in three provinces of PNG was undertaken...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636832/nutrient-deficiencies-are-common-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#7
Leigh A Frame-Peterson, Robin D Megill, Suzanne Carobrese, Michael Schweitzer
Obesity, defined as a body mass index >30 kg/m(2), is a growing worldwide epidemic currently effecting 1 in 10 adults, with rates as high as 40% in the United States. The only proven long-term treatment of severe obesity on a population level is surgical modification of the gastrointestinal anatomy to induce weight loss, termed bariatric surgery. With adequate physician guidance and appropriate candidate criteria, bariatric surgery is an option for effective long-term treatment of obesity and its related comorbidities...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636795/cancer-related-disease-factors-and-smoking-cessation-treatment-analysis-of-an-ongoing-clinical-trial
#8
Allison J Carroll, Anna K Veluz-Wilkins, Sonja Blazekovic, Ravi Kalhan, Frank T Leone, E Paul Wileyto, Robert A Schnoll, Brian Hitsman
OBJECTIVE: Smoking cessation treatment should be an important aspect of cancer care. In this study, we evaluated whether cancer-related disease factors adversely influence smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Smokers with cancer (within 5 years of diagnosis, any tumor site) were recruited for an ongoing trial of varenicline for smoking cessation. Disease factors, assessed at baseline, included tumor site, cancer treatment, time since diagnosis, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636689/antibiotic-resistance-in-acne-treatment
#9
Brandon L Adler, Heather Kornmehl, April W Armstrong
Clinical Question: What is the evidence for antibiotic resistance in acne, and how does resistance affect treatment? Bottom Line: Use of topical and systemic antibiotics for acne is associated with formation of resistance in Propionibacterium acnes and other bacteria, with clinical consequences. Guidelines recommend resistance reduction strategies including avoidance of antibiotic monotherapy, combination treatment with topical modalities, and limiting the duration of oral antibiotic use...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636674/behavior-change-communication-activities-improve-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-knowledge-and-practice-of-neighboring-non-participants-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
John Hoddinott, Ishita Ahmed, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on infant and young child nutrition knowledge and practice of mothers who were neighbors of mothers participating in a nutrition Behavior Change Communication (BCC) intervention in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 300 mothers whose neighbor participated in a nutrition BCC intervention and 600 mothers whose neighbor participated in an intervention that did not include BCC. We constructed measures capturing mothers' knowledge of infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) and measures of food consumption by children 6-24m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636617/backup-development-and-evaluation-of-a-smart-phone-application-for-coping-with-suicidal-crises
#11
Kirsten Pauwels, Saskia Aerts, Ekke Muijzers, Eva De Jaegere, Kees van Heeringen, Gwendolyn Portzky
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue and has large impact on the lives of many people. Innovative technologies such as smartphones could create new possibilities for suicide prevention, such as helping to overcome the barriers and stigma on help seeking in case of suicidal ideation. Due to their omnipresence, smartphone apps can offer suicide prevention tools very fast, they are easily-accessible, low-threshold and can help overcome some of the help-seeking barriers suicidal people experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636614/smartphone-dependence-classification-using-tensor-factorization
#12
Jingyun Choi, Mi Jung Rho, Yejin Kim, In Hye Yook, Hwanjo Yu, Dai-Jin Kim, In Young Choi
Excessive smartphone use causes personal and social problems. To address this issue, we sought to derive usage patterns that were directly correlated with smartphone dependence based on usage data. This study attempted to classify smartphone dependence using a data-driven prediction algorithm. We developed a mobile application to collect smartphone usage data. A total of 41,683 logs of 48 smartphone users were collected from March 8, 2015, to January 8, 2016. The participants were classified into the control group (SUC) or the addiction group (SUD) using the Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale for Adults (S-Scale) and a face-to-face offline interview by a psychiatrist and a clinical psychologist (SUC = 23 and SUD = 25)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636611/unmanned-aircraft-systems-as-a-new-source-of-disturbance-for-wildlife-a-systematic-review
#13
Margarita Mulero-Pázmány, Susanne Jenni-Eiermann, Nicolas Strebel, Thomas Sattler, Juan José Negro, Zulima Tablado
The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS; also known as "drones") for professional and personal-leisure use is increasing enormously. UAS operate at low altitudes (<500 m) and in any terrain, thus they are susceptible to interact with local fauna, generating a new type of anthropogenic disturbance that has not been systematically evaluated. To address this gap, we performed a review of the existent literature about animals' responses to UAS flights and conducted a pooled analysis of the data to determine the probability and intensity of the disturbance, and to identify the factors influencing animals' reactions towards the small aircraft...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636571/schizophrenia-and-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-dimensional-approach
#14
Demet Sağlam Aykut, Filiz Civil Arslan, Evrim Özkorumak, Ahmet Tiryaki
AIM: Schizophrenia (SCH) and bipolar affective disorder (BAD) are currently classified separately according to the DSM (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and ICD (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) standardized diagnostic guidelines. However, the validity of this categorical approach is controversial because psychotic symptoms may be observed in both diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and social characteristics in a sample group consisting of patients diagnosed with SCH or BAD to help demonstrate the basic difficulty in the current classification of SCH and BAD as two etiologically distinct diseases...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636568/causes-of-mortality-in-schizophrenia-an-updated-review-of-european-studies
#15
Patryk Piotrowski, Tomasz M Gondek, Anna Królicka-Deręgowska, Błażej Misiak, Tomasz Adamowski, Andrzej Kiejna
BACKGROUND: The excess mortality in schizophrenia is still a phenomenon insufficiently studied on the cross-national level. It is important to analyse current studies on morality in schizophrenia since significant changes have recently taken place in psychiatric health care systems and guidelines of pharmacological treatment have been developed in European countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This article reviews studies addressing mortality in schizophrenia in Europe that were published in English in the Pubmed database in 2009-2014...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636526/does-health-coaching-grow-capacity-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#16
Suzette Barakat, Kasey Boehmer, Marwan Abdelrahim, Sangwoo Ahn, Abdulrahman A Al-Khateeb, Neri Álvarez Villalobos, Larry Prokop, Patricia J Erwin, Kirsten Fleming, Valentina Serrano, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Interventions that grow patient capacity to do the work of health care and life are needed to support the health of cancer survivors. Health coaching may grow capacity. This systematic review of health coaching interventions explored coaching's ability to grow capacity of cancer survivors. The authors included randomized trials or quasi-experimental studies comparing coaching to alternative interventions, and adhered to PRISMA reporting guidelines. Data were analyzed using the Theory of Patient Capacity (BREWS: Capacity is affected by factors that influence ability to reframe Biography ["B"], mobilize or recruit Resources ["R"], interact with the Environment of care ["E"], accomplish Work ["W"]), and function Socially ["S"])...
June 21, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636462/are-commercial-complementary-food-distributions-to-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe-conforming-to-international-policies-and-guidelines-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#17
Melissa Ann Theurich, Veit Grote
In 2015, more than one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe. Commercial complementary foods, processed foods marketed for infants and young children 6-23 months of age, were distributed by various humanitarian actors along migrant routes and in European refugee camps. Unsolicited donations and distributions of commercial complementary food products were problematic and divergent from international policies on infant and young child feeding during humanitarian emergencies. Interim guidance regarding commercial complementary foods was published during the peak of the emergency but implemented differently by various humanitarian actors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636356/biomimetic-architectured-graphene-aerogel-with-exceptional-strength-and-resilience
#18
Miao Yang, Nifang Zhao, Ying Cui, Weiwei Gao, Qian Zhao, Chao Gao, Hao Bai, Tao Xie
Materials combining lightweight, robust mechanical performances, and multifunctionality are highly desirable for engineering applications. Graphene aerogels have emerged as attractive candidates. Despite recent progresses, the bottleneck remains how to simultaneously achieve both strength and resilience. While multiscale architecture designs may offer a possible route, the difficulty lies in the lack of design guidelines and how to experimentally achieve the necessary structure control over multiple length scales...
June 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636338/contributions-of-local-farming-to-urban-sustainability-in-the-northeast-united-states
#19
Benjamin P Goldstein, Michael Z Hauschild, John E Fernández, Morten Birkved
Food consumption is an important contributor to a city's environmental impacts (carbon emissions, land occupation, water use, etc.) Urban farming (UF) has been advocated as a means to increase urban sustainability by reducing food-related transport and tapping into local resources. Taking Boston as an illustrative Northeast U.S. city, we developed a novel method to estimate sub-urban, food-borne carbon and land footprints using multiregion-input-output modeling and nutritional surveys. Computer simulations utilizing primary data explored UF's ability to reduce these footprints using select farming technologies, building on previous city-scale UF assessments which have hitherto been dependent on proxy data for UF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636314/giant-thermal-rectification-from-single-carbon-nanotube-graphene-junction
#20
Xueming Yang, Dapeng Yu, Bingyang Cao
We describe the influence of the geometry parameters on the thermal rectification of single carbon nanotube-graphene junction. The two-dimensional (2D) distribution of the thermal rectification with respect to the tube length and the side length of the graphene nanosheet are calculated and visualized. The maximum thermal rectification ratios of the designed single carbon nanotube-graphene junction can reach 1244.1% and 1681.6% at average temperatures of 300 K and 200 K, respectively. These values are much higher than those reported for single-material nanostructure-based thermal rectifiers...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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