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Tb and comorbid diseases

Chung-Lin Hung, Po-Lan Su, Chih-Ying Ou
Occupational lung diseases are well recognized risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). However, little research investigated the effect of TB on the clinical course and outcome of occupational lung diseases.We conducted a 13-year observational study of a nationwide cohort to evaluate the risk and prognosis of TB among patients with occupational lung diseases in Taiwan.By using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, occupational lung diseases cohort was identified according to diagnosis codes from 1998 to 2008 and prospectively monitored until the end of 2010, loss to follow-up, or death...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bibha Marak, Prabhdeep Kaur, Sudha R Rao, Sriram Selvaraju
We did cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol use, hypertension and diabetes among tuberculosis (TB) patients in comparison to the non-TB patients in East Garo Hills District, Meghalaya, India. We surveyed 110 TB patients attending outpatient TB clinic and 110 age/sex matched non-TB subjects from the general outpatient department as comparison group. Prevalence of ever smoking was 74.5% and 55.4%; alcohol consumption 31.0% and 22.3%; hypertension 24.5% and 17.3%; diabetes 7.5%, 4...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Jun-Jun Yeh, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: The association between asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) and tuberculosis (TB) has yet to be studied. METHODS: The newly diagnosed TB patients (age > 20 y) treated from January 2000 to December 2008 were included (ACOS cohort, n = 10 751; non-ACOS cohort, n = 42 966). The non-ACOS cohort involved patients with confirmed absence of ACOS. We calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for TB in the ACOS and non-ACOS cohorts by using poisson regression analysis...
2016: PloS One
Tsai-Ling Liao, Chin-Fu Lin, Yi-Ming Chen, Hung-Jen Liu, Der-Yuan Chen
Increasing evidence indicates that the risk of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is elevated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the risk factors and outcomes for NTM disease among RA patients remain unclear. We conducted a case-control study and estimated odds ratios (ORs) for RA patients with NTM disease according to comorbidities and anti-rheumatic medications by using conditional logistic regression. Prior tuberculosis history (adjusted OR (aOR) =5.58, p < 0.001), hypertension (aOR = 2...
2016: Scientific Reports
Matthew Bates, Aaron Shibemba, Victor Mudenda, Charles Chimoga, John Tembo, Mwila Kabwe, Moses Chilufya, Michael Hoelscher, Markus Maeurer, Sylvester Sinyangwe, Peter Mwaba, Nathan Kapata, Alimuddin Zumla
BACKGROUND: Autopsy studies are the gold standard for determining cause-of-death and can inform on improved diagnostic strategies and algorithms to improve patient care. We conducted a cross-sectional observational autopsy study to describe the burden of respiratory tract infections in inpatient children who died at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS: Gross pathology was recorded and lung tissue was analysed by histopathology and molecular diagnostics...
2016: BMC Medicine
Kamila Romanowski, Edward G Clark, Adeera Levin, Victoria J Cook, James C Johnston
The link between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and tuberculosis (TB) has been known for more than 40 years, but the interaction between these 2 diseases is still poorly understood. Dialysis and renal transplant patients appear to be at a higher risk of TB, in part related to immunosuppression along with socioeconomic, demographic, and comorbid factors. Meanwhile, TB screening and diagnostic test performance is suboptimal in the CKD population, and there is limited evidence to guide protocols. Given the increasing prevalence of CKD in TB endemic areas, a merging of CKD and TB epidemics could have significant public health implications, especially in low- to middle-income countries such as India and China, that are experiencing rapid increases in CKD prevalence and account for more than one-third of global TB prevalence...
July 2016: Kidney International
Adriana Margarit, Sílvia Simó, Librada Rozas, Àngela Deyà-Martínez, Irene Barrabeig, Amadéu Gené, Clàudia Fortuny, Antoni Noguera-Julian
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents may present with adult-type pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), including cavity disease in upper lobes and smear-positive sputum, which involves a significant transmission risk for social and family contacts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective (2007-2012) observational study of a case series of TB was conducted in children and adolescents (<18 years) in a paediatric referral centre in Barcelona. Patients aged≤12 and>12 years at diagnosis are compared...
April 11, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
J Paulino, A Martins, M Machado, M Gomes, A R Gaio, R Duarte
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, and during the last 20 years, industrialised countries have shown similar patterns in TB notifications: decreasing TB incidence in native populations and increasing incidence in foreign-born populations. OBJECTIVES: To characterise risk factors associated with TB among native- and foreign-born TB patients in Portugal and identify barriers to the management of foreign cases. METHODS: Analysis of the data from the national tuberculosis surveillance system and data from an online survey of physicians managing TB cases in the country...
March 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Ying Wang, Yourong Yang, Hang Li, Yan Liang, Jianyang Liu, Ting Yu, Xueqiong Wu
BACKGROUND: The rapid diagnosis of bacterium-negative pulmonary TB and extra pulmonary TB is a significant problem in clinical practice. METHODS: 466 individuals were prospectively enrolled, 247 patients with TB, 147 with non-tuberculous pulmonary disease, and 65 healthy controls. Whole blood was stimulated in vitro with rCFP10/ESAT6 antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the stimulated release of interferon-gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10), and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine cutoff value for diagnosing TB and to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the IP-10 assay...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that diabetes mellitus (DM) affects disease presentation and treatment outcome in tuberculosis (TB) patients. This study aimed at investigating the role of DM on clinical presentations and treatment outcomes among newly diagnosed TB patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in South-Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia from September 2013 till March 2015. Study subjects were consecutively recruited from 44 randomly selected health facilities in the study area...
2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
S M Marks, Y Hirsch-Moverman, K Salcedo, E A Graviss, P Oh, B Seaworth, J Flood, L Armstrong, L Armitige, S Mase
OBJECTIVE: A population-based study of 135 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during 2005-2007 found 73% were hospitalized. We analyzed factors associated with hospitalization. METHODS: We assessed statistically significant multivariable associations with US in-patient TB diagnosis, frequency of hospitalization, length of hospital stay, and in-patient direct costs to the health care system...
April 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Rachel Byng-Maddick, Mahdad Noursadeghi
BACKGROUND: The global population is ageing quickly and our understanding of age-related changes in the immune system suggest that the elderly will have less immunological protection from active tuberculosis (TB). DISCUSSION: Ongoing global surveillance of TB notifications shows increasing age of patients with active TB. This effect of age is compounded by changes to clinical manifestations of disease, confounding of diagnostic tests and increased rates of adverse reactions to antimicrobial treatment of TB...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chih-Hao Shen, Chung-Hsing Chou, Feng-Cheng Liu, Te-Yu Lin, Wen-Yen Huang, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chia-Hung Kao
Few studies have investigated the association between tuberculosis (TB) and Parkinson disease (PD). This nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study investigated the risk of PD in patients with TB.We selected patients newly diagnosed with TB (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification: 011) from 2000 to 2009 in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database as the TB cohort. The comparison cohort (the non-TB cohort) was frequency matched to the TB cohort at a ratio of 4:1 by sex, age, and the index date...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
A V Mordyk, L V Puzyreva, T L Batishcheva
AIM: To identify predictors for the poor outcome of infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis (IPTB). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The social, epidemiological, and medical risk factors and clinical features of IPTB were assessed in 130 first detected patients. The findings were classified using a cluster analysis and then a variance analysis, followed by the ranking of its results. RESULTS: The primarily diagnosed disseminated destructive process with respiratory and cardiopulmonary failure, excretion of both resistant and multi-resistant pathogenic bacteria had a strong impact on the poor outcome of tuberculosis (TB) in the first detected patients...
2015: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
W-C Fan, S-M Ou, J-Y Feng, Y-W Hu, C-M Yeh, V Y-F Su, L-Y Hu, S-H Chien, W-J Su, T-J Chen, C-J Liu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a close correlation between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and various respiratory disorders. However, the association between GERD and tuberculosis (TB) remains unexplored. METHODS: Using data retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2009, this longitudinal nationwide cohort study included a total of 63,930 patients with GERD and controls matched by age, sex and comorbidities...
February 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Hongyan Hu, Jiaying Chen, Kaori D Sato, Yang Zhou, Hui Jiang, Pingbo Wu, Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has recently adopted the "TB designated hospital model" to improve the quality of tuberculosis (TB) treatment and patient management. Considering that inpatient service often results in high patient financial burden, and therefore influences patient adherence to treatment, it is critical to better understand the TB patient admission rate and TB inpatient service cost, as well as their influential factors in this new model. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative studies were conducted in two cities, Hanzhong in Shaanxi Province and Zhenjiang in Jiangsu Province, in China...
2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Leonardo Gil-Santana, Jilson L Almeida-Junior, Carolina A M Oliveira, Lucas S Hickson, Carla Daltro, Simone Castro, Hardy Kornfeld, Eduardo M Netto, Bruno B Andrade
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) worldwide, especially in developing countries, and the persistence of tuberculosis (TB) as a major public health issue in these same regions, emphasize the importance of investigating this association. Here, we compared the clinical profile and disease outcomes of TB patients with or without coincident DM in a TB reference center in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a TB patient cohort (treatment naïve) of 408 individuals recruited at a TB primary care center in Brazil between 2004 and 2010...
2016: PloS One
Wen-Liang Fang, Yi-Ping Hung, Chia-Jen Liu, Yuan-Tzu Lan, Kuo-Hung Huang, Ming-Huang Chen, Su-Shun Lo, Yi-Ming Shyr, Chew-Wun Wu, Muh-Hwa Yang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Yee Chao
To date, there have been few reports investigating the relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and gastric cancer.We conducted a nationwide population-based matched cohort study using data retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to determine the incidence of and risk factors for TB in patients diagnosed with gastric cancer. From 2000 to 2011, we identified 36,972 gastric cancer patients and normal subjects from the general population matched for age, sex, and comorbidities at a 1:1 ratio...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fang-Hsin Lee, Po-Chuan Shen, I-Ming Jou, Chung-Yi Li, Jeng-Long Hsieh
Bone grafting is a commonly used orthopedic surgical procedure that will provide bone formation in bone defects or regions of defective bone healing. A major complication following bone grafting is a postoperative recipient graft site infection that is associated with substantial mortality and increased use of medical resources. The purpose of the study was to identify the risk factors associated with infection after bone-grafting surgery.Data from 1,303,347 patients listed in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) and admitted to hospitals from 1997 through 2012 who underwent primary bone grafting (mean age: 46...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
K Al-Efraij, L Mota, C Lunny, M Schachter, V Cook, J Johnston
BACKGROUND: Although the global prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing, the relationship between CKD and active TB is not well described. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate active TB risk in CKD populations. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases and relevant journals to identify multicentre or regional studies reporting quantitative effect estimates of an association between CKD and active TB...
December 2015: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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