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Chengzhi Hu, Katharina Riederer, Michael Klemmer, Salvador Pane, Bradley J Nelson, Chengzhi Hu, Katharina Riederer, Michael Klemmer, Salvador Pane, Bradley J Nelson, Salvador Pane, Katharina Riederer, Bradley J Nelson, Michael Klemmer, Chengzhi Hu
Targeted drug delivery systems deliver drugs precisely to a specific targeted site inside the body, and can also release the drugs with controlled kinetics to prolong the efficacy of single dose administration. The advantageous properties of hydrogels make them attractive for use in the area of drug delivery. Calcium alginate is a pH sensitive hydrogel stable in acidic media and soluble in basic media. This enables the hydrogel to absorb and release aqueous solutions at certain ranges of pH values. By absorbing an aqueous solution containing a drug, an active drug release can be triggered at a specified range of pH value...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Roberto Sala, Mara Malacarne, Fabio Tosi, Manuela Benzi, Nadia Solaro, Stefano Tamorri, Antonio Spataro, Massimo Pagani, Daniela Lucini
BACKGROUND: Long term endurance training, as occurring in elite athletes, is associated to cardiac neural remodeling in favor of cardioprotective vagal mechanisms, resulting in resting bradycardia and augmented contribution of cardiac parasympathetic nerve activity. Autonomic assessment can be performed by way of Heart Rate Variability. This technique however provides multiple indices, and there is not yet complete agreement on their specific significance. Purpose of the study was to assess whether a rank transformation and radar plot could provide a unitary autonomic index, capable to show a correlation between intensity of individual work and quality of autonomic regulation...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jian Wang, Francesco Ciucci
The addition of transition metals, even in a trace amount, into heteroatom-doped carbon (M-N/C) is intensively investigated to further enhance oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity. However, the influence of metal decoration on the electrolysis of the reverse reaction of ORR, that is, oxygen evolution reaction (OER), is seldom reported. Moreover, further improving the bifunctional activity and corrosion tolerance for carbon-based materials remains a big challenge, especially in OER potential regions. Here, bimetal-decorated, pyridinic N-dominated large-size carbon tubes (MM'-N/C) are proposed for the first time as highly efficient and durable ORR and OER catalysts...
February 15, 2017: Small
Sandro Orrù, Paola Coni, Andrea Floris, Roberto Littera, Carlo Carcassi, Valeria Sogos, Carla Brancia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Philippe Rousselot, Stéphane Prost, Joelle Guilhot, Lydia Roy, Gabriel Etienne, Laurence Legros, Aude Charbonnier, Valérie Coiteux, Pascale Cony-Makhoul, Francoise Huguet, Emilie Cayssials, Jean-Michel Cayuela, Francis Relouzat, Marc Delord, Heriberto Bruzzoni-Giovanelli, Laure Morisset, François-Xavier Mahon, François Guilhot, Philippe Leboulch
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonists target chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) quiescent stem cells in vitro by decreasing transcription of STAT5. Here in the ACTIM phase 2 clinical trial, we asked whether pioglitazone add-on therapy to imatinib would impact CML residual disease, as assessed by BCR-ABL1 transcript quantification. METHODS: CML patients were eligible if treated with imatinib for at least 2 years at a stable daily dose, having yielded major molecular response (MMR) but not having achieved molecular response 4...
December 27, 2016: Cancer
Weijian Chen, Taotao Wang, Jiawei Xue, Shikuo Li, Zidan Wang, Song Sun
TiO2 -based photoanodes have attracted extensive attention worldwide for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting, but these materials still suffer from poor electron-hole separation and low photoconversion efficiency. Here, the high PEC water splitting activity and long-term stability against photocorrosion of well-aligned hierarchical TiO2 @CoNi-layered double hydroxides nanotube arrays (TiO2 @CoNi-LDHs NTAs) are reported. The typical TiO2 @CoNi-LDHs NTAs exhibits enhancing photocurrent density of 4.4 mA cm(-2) at a potential of 1...
December 27, 2016: Small
Lei Zhou, Mingfei Shao, Cong Zhang, Jingwen Zhao, Shan He, Deming Rao, Min Wei, David G Evans, Xue Duan
A hierarchical CoNi-sulfide nanosheet array is fabricated via an in situ reduction of CoNi-layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets, then a vulcanization process. The material inherits the morphology of the LDH precursor, consisting of well-distributed CoNi-alloy@CoNi-sulfide nanoparticles with a core-shell structure, and demonstrates promising performance toward hydrazine electrooxidation.
December 5, 2016: Advanced Materials
Stefania Cevallos, Aminael Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cony Decock, Stéphane Declerck, Juan Pablo Suárez
In epiphytic orchids, distinctive groups of fungi are involved in the symbiotic association. However, little is known about the factors that determine the mycorrhizal community structure. Here, we analyzed the orchid mycorrhizal fungi communities associated with three sympatric Cymbidieae epiphytic tropical orchids (Cyrtochilum flexuosum, Cyrtochilum myanthum, and Maxillaria calantha) at two sites located within the mountain rainforest of southern Ecuador. To characterize these communities at each orchid population, the ITS2 region was analyzed by Illumina MiSeq technology...
November 23, 2016: Mycorrhiza
Yan-Qin Wang, Qi Yue, En-Qing Gao
A family of isomorphous three-dimensional metal-organic frameworks based on bimetallic (FeCo, FeNi, and CoNi) chains with random metal sites have been prepared and magnetically characterized. The solid-solution-type bimetallic materials inherit intrachain ferromagnetic interactions and single-chain-magnet (SCM) behaviors from the homometallic parent materials. Interestingly, different composition dependence of magnetic behaviors has been found. The Fe(II)1-x Ni(II)x series (0≤x≤1) show an innocent composition dependence, where the blocking temperature of slow relaxation decreases monotonically as Fe(II) is replaced by less anisotropic Ni(II) ...
November 15, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
V Schuler, J Milano, A Coati, A Vlad, M Sauvage-Simkin, Y Garreau, D Demaille, S Hidki, A Novikova, E Fonda, Y Zheng, F Vidal
The growth by pulsed laser deposition of fully epitaxial nanocomposites made of Co x Ni1-x nanowires (NW) vertically self-assembled in Sr0.5Ba0.5TiO3/SrTiO3(001) layers is reported. The diameter of the wires can be tuned in the 1.8-6 nm range. The composition of the wires can be controlled, with the growth sequence and the fcc crystallographic structure of the wires preserved for Co content up to 78%. The nanocomposite systems obtained display a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with out-of-plane easy axis as shown through analysis of ferromagnetic resonance measurements...
November 8, 2016: Nanotechnology
Chen Chen, Qinghe Liu, Han Bi, Wenbin You, Wen She, Renchao Che
Multifunctional composite microspheres with a Co20Ni80 core and anatase TiO2 shells (Co20Ni80@TiO2) are synthesized by combining a solvothermal reaction and a calcination process, and include a series of microspheres with different core sizes (100 nm, 500 nm and 1 μm). The mechanism of self-assembly of the primary particles has been effective in both the fabrication of the core and the process of coating. The obtained core-shell particles possess superior monodispersity, size uniformity, and tailored core sizes, and are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Colin Bonduelle, Hugo Oliveira, Cony Gauche, Jin Huang, Andreas Heise, Sébastien Lecommandoux
Synthetic glycopolypeptides are versatile glycopolymers used to conceive bioinspired nanoassemblies. In this work, novel amphiphilic glycopolypeptides were designed to incorporate lactose or galactan in order to prepare polymeric nanoassemblies with sizes below 50 nm. The bioactivity of the two different outer surface sugar units was evaluated by defining glycan relative binding affinities to human galectins 1 and 3. A specific multivalent effect was found only for polymeric nanoparticles displaying galactan with a significant increase of the binding activity as compared to free glycan in solution...
September 13, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Sandro Orrù, Paola Coni, Andrea Floris, Roberto Littera, Carlo Carcassi, Valeria Sogos, Carla Brancia
TAR deoxyribonucleic acid-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is a key protein in the pathogenesis of amyoptrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Recent studies suggest that mutations in the TDP-43 coding gene, TARDBP, as well as variations in TDP-43 protein expression levels may disrupt the dynamics of stress granules (SGs). However, it remains unclear whether the pathogenetic effect of the TDP-43 protein is exerted at the cytoplasmic level, through direct participation to SG composition, or at nuclear level, through control of proteins essential to SG assembly...
August 22, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Jorge Vivas, Leticia Vivas, Ana Comesaña, Ana García Coni, Agostina Vorano
Semantic feature production norms provide many quantitative measures of different feature and concept variables that are necessary to solve some debates surrounding the nature of the organization, both normal and pathological, of semantic memory. Despite the current existence of norms for different languages, there are still no published norms in Spanish. This article presents a new set of norms collected from 810 participants for 400 living and nonliving concepts among Spanish speakers. These norms consist of empirical collections of features that participants used to describe the concepts...
August 8, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
Marisa de Campos-Santana, Mario Amalfi, Gabriel Castillo, Cony Decock
Species complexes in the poroid Hymenochaetaceae are well documented in the temperate areas. Potential species complexes are less known in tropical areas, however. In the last ten years, four phylogenetically and morphologically closely related species of Phellinus (Hymenochaetaceae) were described from various tropical/subtropical areas viz. P. caribaeo-quercicola, P. gabonensis, P. ellipsoideus, and P. castanopsidis They are characterized by cushion-shaped basidiomata, ventricose, commonly hamate hymenial setae, and broadly ellipsoid, thick-walled, pale yellowish basidiospores...
September 2016: Mycologia
Emma Davis, Katrina Campbell, Glenda Gobe, Carmel Hawley, Nicole Isbel, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Although elevated body mass index (BMI) is a predictor of better clinical outcomes in dialysis patients, the evidence in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) is conflicting. Clinical measures of central obesity may be better prognostic indicators, although investigation has been limited. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of anthropometric measures for kidney failure progression and mortality in stage 3-4 CKD. METHODS: The study included newly referred stage 3-4 CKD patients at a single centre between 1/1/2008 and 31/12/2010...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Sergio Baldi, Francesco Coni, Giorgio Limerutti, Massimo Baccega, Enrico Ruffini, Paolo Solidoro
Endoscopic treatment of emphysema is supported by different methods, including valves, coils and sealants. The mechanism is mainly related to volume reduction of targeted area. Endobronchial valves (EBV) appear the most studied method. In a multicentre randomised study, placement of unidirectional endobronchial valves resulted in a statistically significant functional improvement in the treated cohort compared to the control. Adverse events, occurring post procedure, included COPD exacerbations, haemoptysis, pneumothorax and pneumonia...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Min Cheng, You-Song Ding, En-Qing Gao, Zhicheng Zhang, Qin-Xiang Jia
Seven isomorphous 2D CoNi (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) compounds based on ferromagnetic chains with mixed double [(μ-EO-N3)(μ-N-N-tetrazolate)] (EO = end-on) were synthesized and then structurally and magnetically characterized. They are formulated as [CoNi(L)(N3)(H2O)]·H2O (), (x = 1 (), 0.86 (), 0.74 (), 0.39 (), 0.14 (), 0.10 (), 0 (); L = 3-(5-tetrazole)-N-oxide-pyridine). Magnetic studies revealed that the homo-metallic compounds ( and ) behave as metamagnets, while the hetero-metallic compounds () show interesting composition-dependent slow relaxation due to the synergy effect of Co(II) and Ni(II) ions...
May 10, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Gabriel Etienne, Francoise Huguet, Agnès Guerci-Bresler, Franck E Nicolini, Frédéric Maloisel, Valérie Coiteux, Charles Dauriac, Nathalie Carpentier, Isabelle Bourdeix, Michel Tulliez, Pascale Cony-Makhoul
The availability of tyrosine kinase inhibitors has extended therapeutic options for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients. Monitoring recommendations and clinical response goals have recently been updated. The objective of this study was to describe the profile of CML patients in chronic phase currently receiving first-line therapy, including treatment, monitoring and response kinetics. A multicentre, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey in unselected chronic phase CML patients in France attending consultations during a one-month period was performed...
July 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Laura Di Magno, Alessio Basile, Sonia Coni, Simona Manni, Giulia Sdruscia, Davide D'Amico, Laura Antonucci, Paola Infante, Enrico De Smaele, Danilo Cucchi, Elisabetta Ferretti, Lucia Di Marcotullio, Isabella Screpanti, Gianluca Canettieri
Hedgehog signaling controls proliferation of cerebellar granule cell precursors (GCPs) and its aberrant activation is a leading cause of Medulloblastoma, the most frequent pediatric brain tumor. We show here that the energy sensor AMPK inhibits Hh signaling by phosphorylating a single residue of human Gli1 that is not conserved in other species. Studies with selective agonists and genetic deletion have revealed that AMPK activation inhibits canonical Hh signaling in human, but not in mouse cells. Indeed we show that AMPK phosphorylates Gli1 at the unique residue Ser408, which is conserved only in primates but not in other species...
February 23, 2016: Oncotarget
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