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Kai Pun Wong, Kin Pan Au, Shi Lam, Brian H Lang
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hoarseness of voice, previous neck operation or suspicion of malignancy are at "high-risk" of having pre-thyroidectomy vocal cord (VC) palsy. Therefore, VC functions should be evaluated before the operation. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of hoarseness, voice related questionnaire (Voice handicap Index (VHI) - 30) and transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasound (TLUSG) in diagnosing VC palsy, as well as the role of TLUSG in the evaluation of high-risk patients. METHODS: 1000 patients undergoing thyroidectomy or other endocrine-related neck procedures were prospectively included...
October 20, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Anna Kraszewska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Diana Moskal, Dawid Falkowski, Jolanta Biszewska, Greta Berger
: Paralytic dysphonia is the most serious neurogenic pathology of voice quality. An important issue is to identify methods which support routine treatment. AIM: The aim of the study is to assess voice quality after electrostimulation (ES) therapy in patients with paralytic dysphonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The group consisted of 40 patients diagnosed at the Department of Clinical Phonoaudiology and Logopedics and then treated at the Phoniatric Outpatient Clinic of the Medical University of Bialystok, Poland in years 2013-2015...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Lewis J Kerwin, Christine Estes, Clara Oromendia, Paul Christos, Lucian Sulica
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the long-term impact of vocal fold hemorrhage (VFH) on vocal function and health, and compare these parameters to those in similar patients who have not had VFH. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients with a history of VFH (N = 41) were characterized through a review of records and assessed by means of a survey for vocal health and professional functioning as well as the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and, if appropriate (n = 30, 73...
October 7, 2016: Laryngoscope
Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Alexis Ortega, José Luis Blanch, Francesc Sabater, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Isabel Vilaseca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed good short-term Quality of life (QOL) after Transoral Laser Microsurgery (TLM) for laryngeal cancer. Here, we aimed to evaluate QOL after TLM in the long-term. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study. Sixty-two consecutive disease-free patients were evaluated using UW-QOL v4 and SF-12 questionnaires, 1 and 5 years after TLM. Changes over time were assessed according to age, location, and tumor size. Long-term VHI-10 was also evaluated...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Myung Jin Ban, Jae Hong Park, Jae Wook Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Yong Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Seung Won Lee
Objectives: This study assessed the regenerative efficacy of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) in a rabbit model of chronic vocal fold scarring and then confirmed its utility and safety in a prospective trial of patients with this condition. Methods: FGF was injected three times, at 1-week intervals, into a chronic vocal fold scar created in a rabbit model. After 1 month, mRNA level of procollagen I, hyaluronic acid synthetase 2 (HAS 2), and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP 2) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
September 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Elizabeth Renk, Lucian Sulica, Chad Grossman, Jenny Georges, Thomas Murry
OBJECTIVE: Previous investigations of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI)-10 in clinical practice noted that specific information relevant to singers was not forthcoming. Consequently, a second index, the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) as well as its shortened counterpart the SVHI-10, was developed. The purpose of this study was to directly compare the differences in scores between the VHI-10 and the SVHI-10 in a group of 50 singers. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 50 singers (26 women, 24 men) was performed between June 2014 and November 2014 at Weill Cornell Medical College, New York...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Satoshi Shibuya, Satoshi Unenaka, Yukari Ohki
Body ownership and agency are fundamental to self-consciousness. These bodily experiences have been intensively investigated using the rubber hand illusion, wherein participants perceive a fake hand as their own. After presentation of the illusion, the position of the participant's hand then shifts toward the location of the fake hand (proprioceptive drift). However, it remains controversial whether proprioceptive drift is able to provide an objective measurement of body ownership, and whether agency also affects drift...
September 20, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Gustavo Leibaschoff, Pablo Gonzalez Izasa, Jose Luis Cardona, John R Miklos, Robert D Moore
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-ablative, monopolar transcutaneous temperature controlled radiofrequency (TTCRF) technology in the treatment of postmenopausal women suffering from genuine stress urinary incontinence (SUI) related to menopause and to evaluate histological changes vaginally associated with the treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjective and objective symptoms of SUI were assessed in study subjects before and after TTCRF, (1 treatment every 30 days, for 3 months; n=10) and compared with the effects of a placebo treatment on a control group of demographically similar women (n =10)...
September 10, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Fa-Ya Liang, Xiao-Ming Huang, Liang Chen, Yu-Zhang Huang, Xue-Yuan Zhang, Jin-Hui Su, Ya-Jing Wang, Jin-Shan Yang, Yi-Qing Zheng, Xiang-Sheng Mei, Zhong Guan
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of voice therapy (VT) and analyze the vocal aerodynamic characteristics in mutational falsetto (MF) patients. METHODS: From October 2010 through May 2014, 26 patients with MF at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital were studied retrospectively. Vocal assessment, including the 10-item Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10), fundamental frequency (F0), and vocal aerodynamic parameters (subglottic pressure [SGP]), aerodynamic power [AP], mean expiratory airflow, and maximum phonation time [MPT]), was proceeded before and after VT...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Yanlu Lv, Xuanxuan Zhang, Dong Zhang, Lin Zhang, Yuan Luo, Jianwen Luo
Volume holographic imaging (VHI) is a promising biomedical imaging tool that can simultaneously provide multi-depth or multispectral information. When a VHI system is probed with a broadband source, the intensity spreads in the horizontal direction, causing degradation of the image contrast. We theoretically analyzed the reason of the horizontal intensity spread, and the analysis was validated by the simulation and experimental results of the broadband impulse response of the VHI system. We proposed a deconvolution method to reduce the horizontal intensity spread and increase the image contrast...
August 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
İlhan Topaloğlu, Muhlis Bal, Ziya Salturk, Güler Berkiten, Yavuz Atar
We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess vocal and swallowing functions after horizontal glottectomy. Our study population was made up of 22 men aged 45 to 72 years (mean: 58.3) who underwent horizontal glottectomy and completed at least 1 year of follow-up. To compare postoperative results, 20 similarly aged men were included as a control group; all glottectomy patients and all controls were smokers. We used three methods-acoustic and aerodynamic voice analyses, the GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenicity, and strain) scale, and the voice handicap index-30 (VHI-30)-to assess vocal function objectively, perceptually, and subjectively, respectively...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Elisabet Canals-Fortuny, Josep Vila-Rovira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research is to study whether the presentation of the Voice Handicap Index-10 questionnaire administered at the beginning of the treatment impinged on the results of the responses from the end of the treatment. METHODS: The questionnaire was administered at the beginning of the treatment to a total of 308 patients. After the treatment, a group of 235 patients answered the questionnaire again without any reference to their responses on the initial administration...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Johanna Hengen, Malin Peterson, Anita McAllister
OBJECTIVE: To analyze patients with a confirmed voice disorder in order to identify patterns regarding age, gender, and occupation compared to the general public. To explore effects of voice therapy according to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) score pre- and post-therapy in relation to the number of sessions, age, and gender. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a collaborative project between Linköping University and hospitals in the south-east health care region in Sweden...
August 18, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Ramón González-Herranz, Elizabeth Amarillo, Estefanía Hernández-García, José Montojo Woodeson, Guillermo Plaza-Mayor
INTRODUCTION: The vocal fold microflap technique is the ideal to remove benign vocal fold pathology. Our objective is to compare the amplitudes of the mucosal wave before and after the closure of microflap defect with fibrin glue, and when microflap is left to heal by secondary intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a retrospective series, including 32 patients treated by intracordal phonosurgery, with closure of the microflap either with fibrin glue or by healing by secondary intention...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Tom Karlsen, Lorentz Sandvik, John-Helge Heimdal, Marianne Jensen Hjermstad, Anne Kari Hersvik Aarstad, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
OBJECTIVES: Patients with voice-related disorders are often treated by a multidisciplinary team including assessment by patient-reported outcome measures. The present paper aims at documenting the importance of including general health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures to clinical investigations. STUDY DESIGN: The participants (N = 80 larynx cancer, N = 32 recurrent palsy, N = 23 dysfunctional, N = 75 degenerative/inflammation, N = 19 various) were included consecutively at the laryngology clinic at Haukeland University Hospital...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Lorena Sanz, Patricia Bau, Ignacio Arribas, Teresa Rivera
OBJECTIVES: A child's voice is used both as a tool for communication and as a form of emotional expression. Thus, voice disorders suffered by children have negative effects on their quality of life, which can be assessed using the "Pediatric Voice Handicap Index" (P-VHI). This questionnaire is completed by the parents of dysphonic patients and it has been validated in different languages: Italian, Korean, Arabic, and Spanish. More recently, the "Children Voice Handicap Index-10" test (C-VHI-10) was developed and validated, an Italian version reduced into 10 items that is answered by children themselves...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mami Kaneko, Osamu Shiromoto, Masako Fujiu-Kurachi, Yo Kishimoto, Ichiro Tateya, Shigeru Hirano
OBJECTIVES: Voice rest is commonly recommended after phonomicrosurgery to prevent worsening of vocal fold injuries. However, the most effective duration of voice rest is unknown. Recently, early vocal stimulation was recommended as a means to improve wound healing. The purpose of this study is to examine the optimal duration of voice rest after phonomicrosurgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical study. METHODS: Patients undergoing phonomicrosurgery for leukoplakia, carcinoma in situ, vocal fold polyp, Reinke's edema, and cyst were chosen...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Julia Lukaschyk, Meike Brockmann-Bauser, Ulla Beushausen
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there is no standardized German questionnaire to assess vocal tract discomfort in voice patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the German version of the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) Scale. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: First, a cross-cultural translation and adaptation from English to German was performed. One hundred seven patients between the ages of 18 and 76 with voice disorders were divided into two different diagnosis-related groups (organic and functional voice disorder) and 50 vocally healthy adults were included...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Zahide Çiler Tezcaner, Songül Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: This is a nonrandomized, prospective study with control group. METHODS: The questionnaire was administered to 249 individuals-130 with vocal complaint and 119 without-with a mean age of 37.8 ± 12.3 years. The Turkish version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and perceptual voice evaluation measures were also administered at 2-14 days for retest reliability...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Andreas H Mueller, Rudolf Hagen, Gerhard Foerster, Wilma Grossmann, Katrin Baumbusch, Claus Pototschnig
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the performance and safety of the newly developed Laryngeal Pacemaker System (LP System) for the treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). STUDY DESIGN: Feasibility, first-in-human, single-arm, open-label, prospective, multicenter study with a group sequential design and a 6-month follow-up period. METHODS: Nine symptomatic BVFP subjects were implanted unilaterally with the LP System. Pre- and 6-month postimplantation evaluations consisted of the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), the Peak Expiratory and Inspiratory Flow (PEF and PIF) evaluation, the PEF meter analysis, the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI), the 12-Item Voice Handicap Index (VHI-12), and the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
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