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Alexandre Bozec, Pierre Demez, Jocelyn Gal, Emmanuel Chamorey, Marie-Yolande Louis, David Blanchard, Dominique De Raucourt, Jean-Claude Merol, Esteban Brenet, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, José Santini, Frédéric Peyrade, Karen Benezery, Maria Lesnik, Etienne Berta, Pierre Ransy, Emmanuel Babin
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term quality of life (QoL) and psycho-social outcomes, and to determine their predictive factors after oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) surgery and radial forearm free-flap (RFFF) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who had undergone OPC surgery and RFFF reconstruction who were still alive and disease-free at least 1 year after surgery were enrolled in this prospective multicentric study. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core (QLQ-C30) and Head and Neck Cancer (QLQ-H&N35) QoL questionnaires, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Katia Nemr, Ariane Cota, Domingos Tsuji, Marcia Simões-Zenari
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the voice quality of individuals with dysphonia and to investigate possible correlations between the degree of voice deviation (D) and scores on the Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol-General (DRSP), the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) measure and the Voice Handicap Index, short version (VHI-10). METHODS: The sample included 200 individuals with dysphonia. Following laryngoscopy, the participants completed the DRSP, the V-RQOL measure, and the VHI-10; subsequently, voice samples were recorded for auditory-perceptual and acoustic analyses...
March 12, 2018: Clinics
Ibai Irastorza-Azcarate, Rafael D Acemel, Juan J Tena, Ignacio Maeso, José Luis Gómez-Skarmeta, Damien P Devos
The use of 3C-based methods has revealed the importance of the 3D organization of the chromatin for key aspects of genome biology. However, the different caveats of the variants of 3C techniques have limited their scope and the range of scientific fields that could benefit from these approaches. To address these limitations, we present 4Cin, a method to generate 3D models and derive virtual Hi-C (vHi-C) heat maps of genomic loci based on 4C-seq or any kind of 4C-seq-like data, such as those derived from NG Capture-C...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
A R Mothes, M Runnebaum, I B Runnebaum
PURPOSE: First evaluation of dual-phase vaginal Er:YAG laser to omit hormonal treatment for atrophy-related symptoms in post-menopausal breast cancer survivors following prolapse surgery. METHODS: Patients with a history of breast cancer at the time of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse were offered non-hormonal vaginal Er:YAG laser treatment when complaining of atrophy-related genitourinary syndrome of menopause. A single 10-min course of dual-phase protocol of pulsed Er:YAG laser (2940 nm, fractional ablative and thermal mode, fluence according to tissue thickness)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Kerstin Johansson, Åke Seiger, Malin Forsén, Jeanette Holmgren Nilsson, Lena Hartelius, Ellika Schalling
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle impairment following cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) may lead to reduced voice function, although the individual variation is large. Voice problems in this population may not always receive attention since individuals with CSCI face other, more acute and life-threatening issues that need/receive attention. Currently there is no consensus on the tasks suitable to identify the specific voice impairments and functional voice changes experienced by individuals with CSCI...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Valentina Sciuga, Andrea Giannini, Flaminia Vena, Ottavia D'oria, Giovanni Prata, Chiara Di Tucci, Delia Savone, Natalia Aleksa, Carmela Capone, Daniele Di Mascio, Maria Letizia Meggiorini, Marco Monti, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of ospemifene in the improvement of sexual function in postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) affected by overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) or urge urinary incontinence (UUI). One hundred five postmenopausal patients with VVA affected by OAB and/or UUI were enrolled for the study. All patients received ospemifene 60 mg for 12 weeks. Clinical examination, 3-d voiding diary and the vaginal health index (VHI) were performed at baseline and at 12 weeks...
February 20, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Matthias Echternach, Claudia Spahn
BACKGROUND: The questionnaire for the assessment of the voice selfconcept (FESS) contains three sub-scales indicating the personal relation with the own voice. The scales address the relationship with one's own voice, the awareness of the use of one's own voice, and the perception of the connection between voice and emotional changes. A comprehensive approach across the three scales supporting a simplified interpretation of the results was still missing. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The FESS questionnaire was used in a sample of 536 German teachers...
February 14, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Mei Zhu, Line Wang, Xue Bai, Kevin A Peng
OBJECTIVES: The hard onset, also known as a hard attack, or glottal onset, is a technique of vocal production in which the vocal folds are adducted prior to exhalation and forced open to begin phonation. In this study, we assessed the short-term efficacy of voice therapy incorporating hard onset techniques for patients with functional hypoadduction and presbyphonia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center...
February 11, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
Jesper Roed Sorensen, Trine Printz, Camilla Slot Mehlum, Christian Hamilton Heidemann, Aagot Moeller Groentved, Christian Godballe
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess psychometric properties, including internal consistency, reliability, and clinical validity of the Danish version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI). STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out. METHODS: For validation, the existing nonvalidated Danish version of the VHI was used. Data from 208 patients with voice disorders of different etiology (neurogenic, functional, and structural) and a control group of 85 vocally healthy individuals were included...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
A Mattei, G Desuter, M Roux, B-J Lee, M-A Louges, E Osipenko, B Sadoughi, B Schneider-Stickler, A Fanous, A Giovanni
There is a growing need for evaluation tools allowing the quantification of the outcome after voice surgeries. Since the end of the 1990s, multiple unfruitful attempts have been made to reach a consensus, including the Dejonckere protocol for the European Laryngological Society in 2001. This suggested to perform objective and quantifiable measures in the following domains: perception, acoustic, aerodynamic, self-evaluation by the patient and videolaryngostroboscopy. But in a PubMed® search with the keywords "Voice Assessment" and "Voice Outcome" since 2001 retrieving 452 articles, only 33 of them were using methods taking into account the first four dimensions proposed by Dejonckere...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Taketoshi Yasuda, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Kayo Suzuki, Masato Nakano, Shoji Seki, Kenta Watabnabe, Masahiko Kanamori, Tomoatsu Kimura
Usually, after osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF), bone healing follows a normal clinical course leading to bone union with conservative treatment using a brace. However, some patients with OVF do not undergo the normal fracture healing process for a few months, possibly leading to delayed union and/or pseudoarthrosis. In these cases, we performed posterior surgery with combined decompression, vertebroplasty, and posterior spinal fusion with spinal instrumentation. This study aimed to determine the clinical results of posterior surgery for delayed neural disorder secondary to OVF over a 5-year follow-up...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Thomas L Carroll, Elizabeth Faudoa, Maxine Van Doren
OBJECTIVE: Trial vocal fold injection (TVFI) is employed diagnostically for patients with subtle glottic insufficiency to explore potential for improvement. Clinical experience demonstrates the time to and length of peak benefit of the TVFI is variable. Previous studies collected data 4 weeks or more after TVFI. The aim of this study was to compare subjectively successful and unsuccessful TVFI patient groups. It is hypothesized that patients with subjectively reported success will also have significant improvements in Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10), phase closure percentage, and aerodynamic measures 2 weeks after trial augmentation...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Emma Malmström, Stellan Hertegård
OBJECTIVE: Vocal fold scarring (VFS) and sulcus vocalis (SV) often result in severe and chronic voice disorders. This study compares subjective voice complaints as rated with the Voice Handicap Index and etiological factors for patients with VFS and SV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, for 27 VFS patients and 27 SV patients. Descriptive background factors were compared between the groups and data were compared from the Swedish Voice Handicap Index (Sw-VHI) questionnaires...
January 18, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Catherine M Sackley, Christina H Smith, Caroline E Rick, Marian C Brady, Natalie Ives, Smitaa Patel, Rebecca Woolley, Francis Dowling, Ramilla Patel, Helen Roberts, Sue Jowett, Keith Wheatley, Debbie Kelly, Gina Sands, Carl E Clarke
Background: Speech-related problems are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there is little evidence for the effectiveness of standard speech and language therapy (SLT) or Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT LOUD®). Methods: The PD COMM pilot was a three-arm, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial (RCT) of LSVT LOUD®, SLT and no intervention (1:1:1 ratio) to assess the feasibility and to inform the design of a full-scale RCT. Non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and speech problems and no SLT for speech problems in the past 2 years were eligible...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
William E Karle, Samuel N Helman, Amy Cooper, Yuan Zhang, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVE: Sulcus vocalis and vocal fold scar involve derangement of the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, which results in significant dysphonia. Many options exist for treatment, most of which have unsatisfactory and unpredictable outcomes. Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold (ATFV) has the potential to be a better treatment option, but long-term outcomes have not been well studied. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and patient survey...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Vance Hartke, Amanda Gillespie, Libby J Smith, Ryan J Soose
Upper aerodigestive tract symptoms are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It remains unclear whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves or worsens these otolaryngology symptoms. As therapy-related side effects limit CPAP adherence, this study aimed to determine if CPAP negatively affects voice, sinonasal, and reflux symptoms of the upper airway. Case series with planned data collection was performed at an academic otolaryngology sleep center. Newly diagnosed patients with OSA were evaluated before and 6 months after initiating CPAP therapy...
January 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ke Ma, Bernhard Hommel
The virtual hand illusion (VHI) paradigm demonstrates that people tend to perceive agency and bodily ownership for a virtual hand that moves in synchrony with their own movements. Given that this kind of effect can be taken to reflect self-other integration (i.e., the integration of some external, novel event into the representation of oneself), and given that self-other integration has been previously shown to be affected by metacontrol states (biases of information processing towards persistence/selectivity or flexibility/integration), we tested whether the VHI varies in size depending on the metacontrol bias...
January 10, 2018: Psychological Research
Salvatore Caruso, Stefano Cianci, Valentina Fava, Agnese M C Rapisarda, Silvia Cutello, Antonio Cianci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of nutraceuticals containing equol on vaginal health of postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal symptoms and dyspareunia. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six natural postmenopausal women on +1b +1c (2 and 3-6 y after the final menstrual period, respectively) of the Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop were enrolled in a nonrandomized trial. Of these, 72 women accepted to use nutraceutical (group A). The remaining 54 women refused the treatment and participated as the control group (group B)...
January 8, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Caitlin Bertelsen, Lindsay Reder
OBJECTIVE: As phonomicrosurgical techniques have evolved, endoscopic cordectomy (EC) has been used more commonly for early-stage glottic cancer. Patients undergoing more extensive surgery often experience significant postoperative dysphonia for which there is no standard treatment. Surgical options include injection laryngoplasty and thyroplasty. We reviewed the literature to evaluate the efficacy of thyroplasty after EC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify studies of adults undergoing thyroplasty for dysphonia after EC for glottic cancer...
March 2018: Laryngoscope
Joanna Morawska, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Given the growing number of occupational voice users, easy and quick broad-scale screening is necessary to provide prophylaxis of voice disorders. The aim of the study was to assess applicability of the Voice Related Quality of Life questionnaire (V-RQOL) to screening occupational voice disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research comprised 284 subjects divided into 3 groups: 0 - the control group of normophonic subjects, non-professional voice users (N = 60), 1 - occupational voice users with objectively confirmed voice disorders (N = 124), 2 - the non-randomized group of occupational voice users with and without voice problems (N = 100)...
December 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
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