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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325856/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-associated-risk-factors-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-at-two-tertiary-centres-in-cairo-egypt
#1
Mohamed Abdel-Aziz Elzayat, Ashton Barnett-Vanes, Mohamed Farag Elmorsy Dabour, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) during pregnancy is poorly understood in Egypt-a country with a high birth rate. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ASB among pregnant women booking at El Hussein and Sayed Galal Hospitals in Al-Azhar University in Egypt; and to observe the relationship between ASB prevalence and risk factors such as socioeconomic level and personal hygiene. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynaecology clinics of 2 university hospitals in the capital of Egypt...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315640/effects-of-human-management-events-on-conspecific-aggression-in-captive-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#2
Jacob H Theil, Brianne A Beisner, Ashley E Hill, Brenda McCowan
Conspecific aggression in outdoor-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at primate research facilities is a leading source of trauma and can potentially influence animal wellbeing and research quality. Although aggression between macaques is a normal part of daily social interactions, human presence might affect the frequency of various behaviors and instigate increases in conspecific aggression. We sought to determine how and which human management events affect conspecific aggression both immediately after an event and throughout the course of a day...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270957/prevalence-of-uropathogen-and-their-antibiotic-resistance-pattern-among-diabetic-patients
#3
Demiss Nigussie, Anteneh Amsalu
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health problem in Ethiopia. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and occasionally life-threatening condition among diabetic patients. Despite, all these problems, antibiotics are prescribed empirically which may adversely affect antibiotic resistance so far. Therefore the aim of this study was to identify the etiologic agents of UTI and their antibiotic resistance pattern among diabetic patients attending diabetic clinic of Hawassa University Referral Hospital...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256188/effects-of-human-management-events-on-conspecific-aggression-in-captive-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#4
Jacob H Theil Brianne A Beisner Ashley E Hill And Brenda McCowan
Conspecific aggression in outdoor-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at primate research facilities is a leadingsource of trauma and can potentially influence animal wellbeing and research quality. Although aggression between macaquesis a normal part of daily social interactions, human presence might affect the frequency of various behaviors and instigateincreases in conspecific aggression. We sought to determine how and which human management events affect conspecificaggression both immediately after an event and throughout the course of a day...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244347/diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-people
#5
Alison Bardsley
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in older people, with the prevalence increasing with age in both sexes. UTI is a frequent reason for emergency admission to hospital. There are many conditions that contribute to older people being more at risk of UTI and the main preventive strategy is to avoid the use of indwelling urethral catheters. Where an indwelling catheter is inserted its continued use should be regularly reviewed and the catheter removed, especially if the reason for insertion is incontinence and the person becomes additionally incontinent of faeces...
February 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199403/comparison-of-microbiological-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-by-routine-health-service-laboratories-and-a-research-laboratory-diagnostic-cohort-study
#6
Kate Birnie, Alastair D Hay, Mandy Wootton, Robin Howe, Alasdair MacGowan, Penny Whiting, Michael Lawton, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, William Hollingworth, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith Van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Kim Harman, Kerenza Hood, Christopher C Butler, Jonathan A C Sterne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the validity of diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) through urine culture between samples processed in routine health service laboratories and those processed in a research laboratory. POPULATION AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective diagnostic cohort study in 4808 acutely ill children aged <5 years attending UK primary health care. UTI, defined as pure/predominant growth ≥105 CFU/mL of a uropathogen (the reference standard), was diagnosed at routine health service laboratories and a central research laboratory by culture of urine samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106649/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-biomarker-and-urinary-tract-infections-a-diagnostic-case-control-study-nuti-study
#7
Jameca Renee Price, Larissa Guran, Jeong Youn Lim, Christina J Megli, Amanda L Clark, Sharon Renee Edwards, Mary Anna Denman, W Thomas Gregory
OBJECTIVES: Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) in women is often treated based on symptoms alone. Urinary tract infection symptoms are highly sensitive but lack specificity and result in overuse of antibiotics. We sought to determine if urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) levels in urine can accurately discriminate between UTI and healthy women. METHODS: We recruited adult women aged 18 to 85 years presenting in the ambulatory setting from November 2014 to January 2016...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878110/discontinuation-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-ap-in-children-with-spina-bifida-a-case-series-analysis
#8
Kevin G Couloures, Michael Anderson, Michael Machiorlatti, Olivera Marsenic, Lawrence Opas
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida increases the risk for urinary tract infections (UTI). Antimicrobial prophylaxis (AP) reduces symptomatic UTI's but selects resistant organisms. Measures to ensure regular and complete emptying of the bladder combined with treatment of constipation reduce the risk for UTI. OBJECTIVES: Demonstrate that close adherence to a catheterization regimen in children with spina bifida (Selective Treatment - ST) reduces the need for antimicrobial prophylaxis...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814990/the-effect-of-written-posted-instructions-on-collection-of-clean-catch-urine-specimens-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Patrick Joseph Maher, Alisha Emily Cutler Brown, Medley O'Keefe Gatewood
BACKGROUND: Urinalysis testing is frequently ordered in the emergency department (ED), but contamination of urine specimens limits the interpretation of results. The mid-stream, clean-catch (MSCC) procedure for urine specimen collection is recommended to decrease contamination rates, but without instructions this procedure has poor compliance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of written instructions alone, we analyzed the rate of specimen contamination, defined by presence of squamous epithelial cells (SECs) and culture results, in the ED after posting information on the MSCC procedure...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778452/improving-clean-catch-contamination-rates-a-prospective-interventional-cohort-study
#10
Sharon Teo, John A Cheek, Simon Craig
OBJECTIVES: The clean-catch method of urine collection carries a high contamination rate. This study aims to evaluate the effects on contamination rate of providing a parent handout and pre-made urine collection pack for clean-catch urine collection. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre prospective cohort interventional study in a tertiary paediatric ED. All children younger than 24 months who presented from April 2013 to June 2014 requiring a urine sample to be obtained were included...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752899/persistence-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-the-bladders-of-female-patients-with-sterile-urine-after-antibiotic-therapies
#11
Shu-Cheng Liu, Xiao-Min Han, Ming Shi, Zi-Li Pang
This study aimed to provide evidence of persistent uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) in female patients with recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) after antibiotic therapy. We collected biopsies of the bladder, and clean-catch urine samples from 32 women who had episodes of recurrent UTI and were given antibiotic therapy. Urine samples and biopsies were analyzed by conventional bacteriological techniques. Phylogenetic group and 16 virulence factors (VFs) of UPEC were determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749730/a-comparison-of-catch-phase-force-time-characteristics-during-clean-derivatives-from-the-knee
#12
Paul Comfort, Robert Williams, Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake
The aim of this study was to compare load-absorption force-time characteristics of the clean from the knee (CK), power clean from the knee (PCK) and clean pull from the knee (CPK). Ten collegiate athletes (age 27.5 ± 4.2 years; height 180.4 ± 6.7 cm; mass 84.4 ± 7.8 kg), performed three repetitions each of the CK, PCK and CPK with 90% of their 1RM power clean on a force platform. The CK load-absorption duration (0.95 ± 0.35 s) was significantly longer compared to the CPK (0.44 ± 0.15 s; p < 0.001, d = 2...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734638/pattern-of-urinary-antibiograms-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#13
Nandini Chatterjee, Chandan Chatterjee, Sinjan Ghosh, Mainak Mukhopadhyay, Ramkrishna Brahmachari, Kartik Patar
BACKGROUND: Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections have led to emergence of 'superbugs' worldwide. Periodical review of antibiograms is of utmost importance for optimum patient benefit. OBJECTIVE: To identify the spectrum of organisms responsible for urinary tract infection and evaluate the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity of the organisms. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from all consecutive patients getting admitted in the medicine indoor irrespective of symptomatology...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669195/load-absorption-force-time-characteristics-following-the-second-pull-of-weightlifting-derivatives
#14
Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake, Paul Comfort
The purpose of this study was to compare the load absorption force-time characteristics of weightlifting catching and pulling derivatives. Twelve resistance-trained men performed repetitions of the hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) on a force platform with 30, 45, 65, and 80% of their one repetition maximum (1RM) HPC. Load absorption phase duration, mean force, and work were calculated from the force-time data. The HHP produced a significantly longer load absorption phase duration compared to the HPC (p < 0...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667998/bacterial-etiology-and-antibiotic-resistance-profile-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-a-cameroonian-city
#15
Rolf Nyah-Tuku Nzalie, Hortense Kamga Gonsu, Sinata Koulla-Shiro
Introduction. Community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are usually treated empirically. Geographical variations in etiologic agents and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns are common. Knowledge of antibiotic resistance trends is important for improving evidence-based recommendations for empirical treatment of UTIs. Our aim was to determine the major bacterial etiologies of CAUTIs and their antibiotic resistance patterns in a cosmopolitan area of Cameroon for comparison with prescription practices of local physicians...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660810/a-study-to-determine-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-infants-and-children-ages-4-months-to-6-years-with-febrile-diarrhea
#16
Kumara V Nibhanipudi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in infants and children (4 months to 6 years of age) with febrile diarrhea, as outpatients. METHODS: This was a prospective institutional review board-approved study. patients (between 4 months and 6 years of age) were enrolled in the study who presented to the pediatric emergency room with a complaint of fever (rectal temperature 101°F or more) and diarrhea (watery stools >3 in number)...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565196/quick-wee-a-novel-non-invasive-urine-collection-method
#17
Jonathan Kaufman, Shidan Tosif, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Sandy M Hopper, Penelope A Bryant, Susan M Donath, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND: Clean catch urine (CCU) collection in precontinent children is often time-consuming, with associated collection failure. We hypothesise that stimulating cutaneous reflexes hastens voiding for CCU. METHODS: 40 children aged 1-24 months in the ED. Standard CCU was augmented with gentle suprapubic cutaneous stimulation using saline-soaked gauze (Quick-Wee method). RESULTS: 12/40 (30%) children voided within 5 min for successful CCU...
January 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542848/evaluation-of-a-new-strategy-for-clean-catch-urine-in-infants
#18
Mélanie Labrosse, Arielle Levy, Julie Autmizguine, Jocelyn Gravel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A new noninvasive bladder stimulation technique has been described to obtain clean-catch urine (CCU) in infants aged <30 days. Objectives were (1) to determine proportion and predictive factors for successful CCU collections using a stimulation maneuver technique among infants <6 months and (2) to determine the proportion of bacterial contamination with this method. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric emergency department among infants <6 months needing a urine sample...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515752/the-quickwee-trial-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-gentle-suprapubic-cutaneous-stimulation-to-hasten-non-invasive-urine-collection-from-infants
#19
Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Shidan Tosif, Sandy M Hopper, Penelope A Bryant, Susan M Donath, Franz E Babl
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in young children. Urine sample collection is required to diagnose or exclude UTI; however, current collection methods for pre-continent children all have limitations and guidelines vary. Clean catch urine (CCU) collection is a common and favoured non-invasive collection method, despite its high contamination rates and time-consuming nature. This study aims to establish whether gentle suprapubic cutaneous stimulation with cold fluid-soaked gauze can improve the rate of voiding for CCU within 5 min in young pre-continent children...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401902/the-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-duty-a-diagnostic-prospective-observational-study-to-derive-and-validate-a-clinical-algorithm-for-the-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-presenting-to-primary-care-with-an-acute-illness
#20
Alastair D Hay, Kate Birnie, John Busby, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, Stevo Durbaba, Margaret Fletcher, Kim Harman, William Hollingworth, Kerenza Hood, Robin Howe, Michael Lawton, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Alasdair MacGowan, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Penny Whiting, Mandy Wootton, Christopher C Butler
BACKGROUND: It is not clear which young children presenting acutely unwell to primary care should be investigated for urinary tract infection (UTI) and whether or not dipstick testing should be used to inform antibiotic treatment. OBJECTIVES: To develop algorithms to accurately identify pre-school children in whom urine should be obtained; assess whether or not dipstick urinalysis provides additional diagnostic information; and model algorithm cost-effectiveness...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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