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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095174/does-suprapubic-stimulation-in-infants-facilitate-collection-of-a-clean-catch-urine-specimen
#1
Shannon Hall-Million, Patricia Kunz Howard
Review of recent evidence with translation to practice for the advanced practice nurse (APN) role is presented using a case study module for "Faster Clean Catch Urine Collection (Quick Wee Method) From Infants: Randomised Controlled Trial." This prospective study enrolled 344 infants between 1 and 12 months of age seeking care in an emergency department with a complaint that led to the ordering of a clean catch urine specimen. Use of the Quick Wee procedure yielded clean catch urine specimens without the use of an invasive procedure...
October 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076587/high-prevalence-of-candiduria-due-to-non-albicans-candida-species-among-diabetic-patients-a-matter-of-concern
#2
Alireza Esmailzadeh, Hossein Zarrinfar, AbdolMajid Fata, Tanuka Sen
BACKGROUND: Among the fungal pathogens, Candida species are the most common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI). Some predisposing factors such as diabetes mellitus, urinary retention, urinary stasis, renal transplantation, and hospitalization can increase the risk of candiduria. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate candiduria among type 2 diabetic patients and identification of the Candida isolates. METHOD: Four hundred clean-catch midstream urine specimens were obtained from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940750/performing-a-urine-dipstick-test-with-a-clean-catch-urine-sample-is-an-accurate-screening-method-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-young-infants
#3
María Luisa Herreros, Alfredo Tagarro, Araceli García-Pose, Aida Sánchez, Alfonso Cañete, Pablo Gili
AIM: This study evaluated using urine dipstick tests with the clean-catch method to screen for urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile infants under 90 days of age. METHODS: We carried out a comparative diagnostic accuracy study of infants under 90 days old, who were studied for unexplained fever without any source, in the emergency room of a hospital in Madrid from January 2011 to January 2013. We obtained matched samples of urine using two different methods: a clean-catch, standardised stimulation technique and catheterisation collection...
September 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892892/antibiotic-screening-of-urine-culture-for-internal-quality-audit-at-amrita-hospital-kochi
#4
Aswathy Suresh, Anusha Gopinathan, Kavitha R Dinesh, Anil Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Urine antimicrobial activity is a seldom analysed laboratory test which greatly impacts the quantification of urine specimens. Presence of antimicrobial activity in the urine reduces the bacterial load in these specimens. Hence, the chances of erroneously reporting insignificant bacteriuria can be reduced on analysis of the antimicrobial activity in urine. AIM: The aim of the study was to measure the antimicrobial activity of urine samples obtained from patients in a tertiary care hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734250/assessment-of-direct-exposure-and-leaching-risk-from-pahs-in-roadway-and-stormwater-system-residuals
#5
Edmund Azah, Hwidong Kim, Timothy Townsend
Wastes generated from municipal cleaning activities such as street sweeping, ditch cleaning, stormwater pond maintenance, and catch basin sediment removal require appropriate management. Beneficial use of these types of waste is a good alternative to landfilling; however, there are genuine concerns about possible soil and groundwater contamination by pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This study assessed the potential risks associated with beneficial use of roadway and stormwater system residuals collected from 14 cities across the state of Florida, USA...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711277/use-of-a-midstream-clean-catch-mobile-application-did-not-lower-urine-contamination-rates-in-an-emergency-department
#6
Mary S Jacob, Paige Kulie, Cameron Benedict, Alexander J Ordoobadi, Neal Sikka, Erika Steinmetz, Melissa L McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: Urine microscopy is a common test performed in emergency departments (EDs). Urine specimens can easily become contaminated by different factors, including the collection method. The midstream clean-catch (MSCC) collection technique is commonly used to reduce urine contamination. The urine culture contamination rate from specimens collected in our ED is 30%. We developed an instructional application (app) to show ED patients how to provide a MSCC urine sample. We hypothesized that ED patients who viewed our instructional app would have significantly lower urine contamination rates compared to patients who did not...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627917/functional-intimacy-needing-but-not-wanting-the-touch-of-a-stranger
#7
Juliana Schroeder, Ayelet Fishbach, Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
Intimacy is often motivated by love, but sometimes it is merely functional. For example, disrobing and being touched at an airport security check serves the goal of catching a flight, not building a relationship. We propose that this functional intimacy induces discomfort, making people prefer greater social distance from their interaction partner. Supporting this prediction, participants who considered (Experiments 1 and 2) or experienced (Experiment 3) more physically intimate medical procedures preferred a health provider who is less social...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618045/clean-catch-urine-collection-time-taken-and-diagnostic-implication-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Shidan Tosif, Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Sandy M Hopper, Monsurul Hoq, Susan Donath, Franz E Babl
AIM: Clean catch urine (CCU) collection is commonly used in pre-continent children. CCU can be time-consuming and specimens may be contaminated. Our aim was to determine the time taken for CCU attempts and to describe the success of this method in diagnosing or excluding urinary tract infection. METHODS: Prospective observational study of CCU in pre-continent children aged 2-48 months in the emergency department. Time taken until urine collection, 'successful' (voided and caught), 'missed' (voided not caught) or the procedure 'stopped', were recorded and urine culture results analysed...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601940/the-male-produced-aggregation-pheromone-of-a-strawberry-sap-beetle-lobiopa-insularis-coleoptera-nitidulidae
#9
Antonioni A C Moliterno, Camila B C Martins, Daiane Szczerbowski, Maria Aparecida C Zawadneak, Paulo H G Zarbin
The nitidulid beetle Lobiopa insularis is an important pest of strawberry crops in the United States and Brazil. Both larvae and adults feed on ripe strawberries, causing 20-70% loss in production during serious infestations. Aiming at the development of efficient, clean, and highly specific pest management systems, semiochemicals, especially pheromones, are particularly useful. Analyses of the extracts of both males and females obtained from aeration of live beetles showed the presence of three male specific compounds, 2-nonanone, 2-undecanone, and 2-undecanol (in an enantiomeric ratio of S:R = 3...
June 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575903/do-mixed-flora-preoperative-urine-cultures-matter
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michael R Polin, Amie Kawasaki, Cindy L Amundsen, Alison C Weidner, Nazema Y Siddiqui
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether mixed-flora preoperative urine cultures, as compared with no-growth preoperative urine cultures, are associated with a higher prevalence of postoperative urinary tract infections (UTIs). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Women who underwent urogynecologic surgery were included if their preoperative clean-catch urine culture result was mixed flora or no growth. Women were excluded if they received postoperative antibiotics for reasons other than treatment of a UTI...
June 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538316/load-absorption-force-time-characteristics-following-the-second-pull-of-weightlifting-derivatives
#11
Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake, Paul Comfort
The purpose of this study was to compare the load absorption force-time characteristics of weightlifting catching and pulling derivatives. Twelve resistance-trained men performed repetitions of the hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) on a force platform with 30, 45, 65, and 80% of their 1-repetition maximum HPC. Load absorption phase duration, mean force, and work were calculated from the force-time data. The HHP produced a significantly longer load absorption phase duration compared with the HPC (p < 0...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523017/antibiotic-susceptibility-in-commonly-isolated-pathogens-from-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-cohort-of-subjects-from-low-socioeconomic-strata
#12
Saera Suhail Kidwai, Ayesha Nageen, Samina Ghaznavi, Farhat Bashir, Jamal Ara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection is one of the commonest infections seen in clinical practice. Lack of compliance and unjustified antibiotic prescriptions has resulted in bacterial resistance and is proving as a major challenge in the management of these infections. Our aim was to identify the sensitivity pattern of commonly used antibiotics against urinary tract infections so as to suggest an improvised line of action against bacteria causing urinary tract infections'...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389500/obtaining-a-clean-catch-urine-sample-from-a-baby
#13
EDITORIAL
A Kilonback
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389435/faster-clean-catch-urine-collection-quick-wee-method-from-infants-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Shidan Tosif, Sandy M Hopper, Susan M Donath, Penelope A Bryant, Franz E Babl
Objective To determine if a simple stimulation method increases the rate of infant voiding for clean catch urine within five minutes.Design Randomised controlled trial.Setting Emergency department of a tertiary paediatric hospital, Australia.Participants 354 infants (aged 1-12 months) requiring urine sample collection as determined by the treating clinician. 10 infants were subsequently excluded.Interventions Infants were randomised to either gentle suprapubic cutaneous stimulation (n=174) using gauze soaked in cold fluid (the Quick-Wee method) or standard clean catch urine with no additional stimulation (n=170), for five minutes...
April 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325856/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-associated-risk-factors-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-at-two-tertiary-centres-in-cairo-egypt
#15
Mohamed Abdel-Aziz Elzayat, Ashton Barnett-Vanes, Mohamed Farag Elmorsy Dabour, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) during pregnancy is poorly understood in Egypt-a country with a high birth rate. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ASB among pregnant women booking at El Hussein and Sayed Galal Hospitals in Al-Azhar University in Egypt; and to observe the relationship between ASB prevalence and risk factors such as socioeconomic level and personal hygiene. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynaecology clinics of 2 university hospitals in the capital of Egypt...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315640/effects-of-human-management-events-on-conspecific-aggression-in-captive-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#16
Jacob H Theil, Brianne A Beisner, Ashley E Hill, Brenda McCowan
Conspecific aggression in outdoor-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at primate research facilities is a leading source of trauma and can potentially influence animal wellbeing and research quality. Although aggression between macaques is a normal part of daily social interactions, human presence might affect the frequency of various behaviors and instigate increases in conspecific aggression. We sought to determine how and which human management events affect conspecific aggression both immediately after an event and throughout the course of a day...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270957/prevalence-of-uropathogen-and-their-antibiotic-resistance-pattern-among-diabetic-patients
#17
Demiss Nigussie, Anteneh Amsalu
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health problem in Ethiopia. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and occasionally life-threatening condition among diabetic patients. Despite, all these problems, antibiotics are prescribed empirically which may adversely affect antibiotic resistance so far. Therefore the aim of this study was to identify the etiologic agents of UTI and their antibiotic resistance pattern among diabetic patients attending diabetic clinic of Hawassa University Referral Hospital...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256188/effects-of-human-management-events-on-conspecific-aggression-in-captive-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#18
Jacob Theil, Brianne Beisner, Ashley Hill, Brenda McCowan
Conspecific aggression in outdoor-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at primate research facilities is a leadingsource of trauma and can potentially influence animal wellbeing and research quality. Although aggression between macaquesis a normal part of daily social interactions, human presence might affect the frequency of various behaviors and instigateincreases in conspecific aggression. We sought to determine how and which human management events affect conspecificaggression both immediately after an event and throughout the course of a day...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244347/diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-people
#19
Alison Bardsley
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in older people, with the prevalence increasing with age in both sexes. UTI is a frequent reason for emergency admission to hospital. There are many conditions that contribute to older people being more at risk of UTI and the main preventive strategy is to avoid the use of indwelling urethral catheters. Where an indwelling catheter is inserted its continued use should be regularly reviewed and the catheter removed, especially if the reason for insertion is incontinence and the person becomes additionally incontinent of faeces...
February 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199403/comparison-of-microbiological-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-by-routine-health-service-laboratories-and-a-research-laboratory-diagnostic-cohort-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kate Birnie, Alastair D Hay, Mandy Wootton, Robin Howe, Alasdair MacGowan, Penny Whiting, Michael Lawton, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, William Hollingworth, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith Van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Kim Harman, Kerenza Hood, Christopher C Butler, Jonathan A C Sterne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the validity of diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) through urine culture between samples processed in routine health service laboratories and those processed in a research laboratory. POPULATION AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective diagnostic cohort study in 4808 acutely ill children aged <5 years attending UK primary health care. UTI, defined as pure/predominant growth ≥105 CFU/mL of a uropathogen (the reference standard), was diagnosed at routine health service laboratories and a central research laboratory by culture of urine samples...
2017: PloS One
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