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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154883/-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#1
E Lellig, M Apfelbeck, J Straub, A Karl, S Tritschler, C G Stief, M Riccabona
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections in children. The symptoms are not very specific and range from abdominal pain, poor feeding to nocturnal urinary incontinence. The technique of collecting urine plays an important role for securing the diagnosis. The best way to obtain urine in non-toilet-trained children is catheterization or suprapubic bladder aspiration. In toilet-trained children midstream urine is an acceptable alternative after cleaning the foreskin or labia. In the case of an infection a prompt empirical antibiotic therapy is necessary to reduce the risk of parenchymal scarring of the kidneys...
February 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106649/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-biomarker-and-urinary-tract-infections-a-diagnostic-case-control-study-nuti-study
#2
Jameca Renee Price, Larissa Guran, Jeong Youn Lim, Christina J Megli, Amanda L Clark, Sharon Renee Edwards, Mary Anna Denman, W Thomas Gregory
OBJECTIVES: Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) in women is often treated based on symptoms alone. Urinary tract infection symptoms are highly sensitive but lack specificity and result in overuse of antibiotics. We sought to determine if urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) levels in urine can accurately discriminate between UTI and healthy women. METHODS: We recruited adult women aged 18 to 85 years presenting in the ambulatory setting from November 2014 to January 2016...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074550/treatment-strategy-for-urinary-frequency-in-women
#3
Ching-Hung Hsieh, Tsung-Hsien Su
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the differential diagnosis of the underlying etiologies of urinary frequency and the treatment strategies for urinary frequency in women. Urinary frequency is a symptom, a sign, and a condition of uncertainty and of multifactorial cause. Common causes of urinary frequency include psychosocial, medical, sexual, urological, gynecologic, endocrine, and pharmacological in origin. Hence, treatment of symptoms and possible cures need a high-level plan or strategy to overcome the multifactorial etiology...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038874/characterization-of-methane-plumes-downwind-of-natural-gas-compressor-stations-in-pennsylvania-and-new-york
#4
Bryce F Payne, Robert Ackley, A Paige Wicker, Zacariah L Hildenbrand, Doug D Carlton, Kevin A Schug
The extraction of unconventional oil and natural gas from shale energy reservoirs has raised concerns regarding upstream and midstream activities and their potential impacts on air quality. Here we present in situ measurements of ambient methane concentrations near multiple natural gas compressor stations in New York and Pennsylvania using cavity ring-down laser spectrometry coupled with global positioning system technology. These data reveal discernible methane plumes located proximally to compressor stations, which exhibit high variability in their methane emissions depending on the weather conditions and on-site activities...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034432/occurrence-and-formation-potential-of-nitrosamines-in-river-water-and-ground-water-along-the-songhua-river-china
#5
Xianze Wang, Zhongmou Liu, Chi Wang, Zhian Ying, Wei Fan, Wu Yang
The presence of mutagenic and carcinogenic nitrosamines in water is of great concern. In this study, seven nitrosamines including N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosomethylethylamine (NMEA), N-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPyr), N-nitrosopiperidine (NPip), N-nitrosodi-n-propylamine (NDPA), and N-nitrosodi-n-butyl-amine (NDBA) were investigated in river water and ground water samples collected from 5 representative cities (Jilin, Songyuan, Harbin, Jiamusi and Tongjiang) along the Songhua River...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008148/dysbiosis-of-urinary-microbiota-is-positively-correlated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Fengping Liu, Zongxin Ling, Yonghong Xiao, Longxian Lv, Qing Yang, Baohong Wang, Haifeng Lu, Li Zheng, Ping Jiang, Wei Wang, Lanjuan Li
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be associated with altered urinary microbiota in female patients. We investigated alterations of urinary microbiota in Chinese female T2DM patients, and explored the associations between urinary microbiota and a patient's fasting blood glucose (FBG), urine glucose (UGLU), age, menstrual status, and body mass index (BMI). Midstream urine was collected from 70 female T2DM patients and 70 healthy females. Microbial diversity and composition were analyzed using the Illumina MiSeq sequencing platform by targeting the hypervariable V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA gene...
December 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848063/concordance-of-renal-stone-culture-pmuc-rpuc-rsc-and-post-pcnl-sepsis-a-non-randomized-prospective-observation-cohort-study
#7
Annerleim Walton-Diaz, José Ignacio Vinay, Jaime Barahona, Pieter Daels, Mariano González, Juan Pablo Hidalgo, Cristian Palma, Pablo Díaz, Alfredo Domenech, Rodrigo Valenzuela, Fernando Marchant
INTRODUCTION: Between 5 and 10% of patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) develop postoperative sepsis 1, 2. Strategies to prevent infectious complications are based on information provided by preoperative midstream urine cultures (PMUC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the concordance of the microbiologic findings of PMUC, cultures of the renal stone (RSC) and urine obtained directly from the renal pelvis (RPUC) in patients undergoing PCNL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter prospective study...
November 15, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844263/the-resident-microflora-of-voided-midstream-urine-of-healthy-controls-standard-versus-expanded-urine-culture-protocols
#8
L Coorevits, S Heytens, J Boelens, G Claeys
The workup and interpretation of urine cultures is not always clear-cut, especially for midstream samples contaminated with commensals. Standard urine culture (SUC) protocols are designed in favor of growth of uropathogens at the expense of commensals. In selected clinical situations, however, it is essential to trace fastidious or new uropathogens by expanding the urine culture conditions (EUC). The aim of our study was to map the microflora in midstream urine specimens from healthy controls by means of EUC, in view of the interpretation of bacterial culture results in symptomatic patients...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740933/environmental-alterations-in-biofuel-generating-molecules-in-zilla-spinosa
#9
Hemmat Khattab, Zeinab El Marid
Now days, production of fuels and petrochemicals from renewable lignocellulosic biomass is an indispensable issue to meet the growing energy demand. Meanwhile, the changes in the climate and soil topography influence the growth and development as well as canopy level of the lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, Zilla spinosa Turr (Zilla) plants with similar age and size were collected from three main sectors (upstream, midstream, and downstream) of Wadi Hagul during spring (April) and summer (July) seasons...
October 14, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734638/pattern-of-urinary-antibiograms-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#10
Nandini Chatterjee, Chandan Chatterjee, Sinjan Ghosh, Mainak Mukhopadhyay, Ramkrishna Brahmachari, Kartik Patar
BACKGROUND: Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections have led to emergence of 'superbugs' worldwide. Periodical review of antibiograms is of utmost importance for optimum patient benefit. OBJECTIVE: To identify the spectrum of organisms responsible for urinary tract infection and evaluate the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity of the organisms. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from all consecutive patients getting admitted in the medicine indoor irrespective of symptomatology...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708069/population-level-measures-to-predict-obesity-burden-in-public-schools-looking-upstream-for-midstream-actions
#11
Wasantha P Jayawardene, David K Lohrmann, Stephanie Dickinson, Mohammad R Torabi
PURPOSE: To estimate school-level obesity burden, as reflected in prevalence of obesity, based on the characteristics of students' socioeconomic and geographic environments. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Public schools (N = 504) from 43 of 67 counties in Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: Kindergarten through grade 12 students (N = 255 949). MEASURES: School-level obesity prevalence for the year 2014 was calculated from state-mandated student body mass index (BMI) measurements...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660810/a-study-to-determine-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-infants-and-children-ages-4-months-to-6-years-with-febrile-diarrhea
#12
Kumara V Nibhanipudi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in infants and children (4 months to 6 years of age) with febrile diarrhea, as outpatients. METHODS: This was a prospective institutional review board-approved study. patients (between 4 months and 6 years of age) were enrolled in the study who presented to the pediatric emergency room with a complaint of fever (rectal temperature 101°F or more) and diarrhea (watery stools >3 in number)...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639858/uropathogen-distribution-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-uncomplicated-cystitis-in-belgium-a-high-antibiotics-prescribing-country-20-year-surveillance
#13
S Heytens, J Boelens, G Claeys, A DeSutter, T Christiaens
Treatment of cystitis in primary care is usually empirical, guided by the prior probability of causal pathogens and their susceptibility. To re-evaluate empirical treatment guidelines, the actual distribution and susceptibility of uropathogens was examined and compared with two previous surveys in Belgium over the past 20 years. Because of the alarming increase in carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- and carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli, this specific resistance was explored. From May 2014 to December 2015, 120 general practitioners collected midstream urine specimens from adult pre- and postmenopausal female patients with suspected cystitis...
January 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613314/characteristics-of-cadmium-remobilization-in-tributary-sediments-in-three-gorges-reservoir-using-chemical-sequential-extraction-and-dgt-technology
#14
Dongyu Xu, Bo Gao, Li Gao, Huaidong Zhou, Xingjuan Zhao, Shuhua Yin
The Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) is the largest reservoir in China. Cadmium (Cd) is a primary pollutant in the TGR, and its speciation and bioavailability have attracted extensive attention since TGR submergence. In this study, Chelex-100 DGT (diffusive gradient in thin films) and the sequential extraction method were used to investigate the bioavailable Cd in sediments obtained from a typical tributary (Meixi) and mainstream (Yangtze) in the TGR. The total Cd concentrations in sediments of the four stations were also determined...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542920/background-matching-and-camouflage-efficiency-predict-population-density-in-four-eyed-turtle-sacalia-quadriocellata
#15
Fanrong Xiao, Canchao Yang, Haitao Shi, Jichao Wang, Liang Sun, Liu Lin
Background matching is an important way to camouflage and is widespread among animals. In the field, however, few studies have addressed background matching, and there has been no reported camouflage efficiency in freshwater turtles. Background matching and camouflage efficiency of the four-eyed turtle, Sacalia quadriocellata, among three microhabitat sections of Hezonggou stream were investigated by measuring carapace components of CIE L*a*b* (International Commission on Illumination; lightness, red/green and yellow/blue) color space, and scoring camouflage efficiency through the use of humans as predators...
October 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435545/prospects-of-microbial-cell-factories-developed-through-systems-metabolic-engineering
#16
Martin Gustavsson, Sang Yup Lee
While academic-level studies on metabolic engineering of microorganisms for production of chemicals and fuels are ever growing, a significantly lower number of such production processes have reached commercial-scale. In this work, we review the challenges associated with moving from laboratory-scale demonstration of microbial chemical or fuel production to actual commercialization, focusing on key requirements on the production organism that need to be considered during the metabolic engineering process. Metabolic engineering strategies should take into account techno-economic factors such as the choice of feedstock, the product yield, productivity and titre, and the cost effectiveness of midstream and downstream processes...
September 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412841/-impact-of-liver-cancer-deaths-on-life-expectancy-in-14-counties-districts-from-the-huai-river-basin-2013-relationship-between-the-water-environment-and-liver-cancer
#17
N Xu, Y N Liu, P Yin, L J Wang, Y S Dou, W J Yang, M G Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between liver cancer and the water environment, we analyzed the life expectancy in 14 counties (districts), which form the Huai River Basin with respect to liver cancer deaths in 2013 and changes in the surface water quality from 2004 to 2010. METHODS: The study area included the 14 counties (districts) of the Huai River Basin in China. We obtained surveillance data for all causes of death in the study area during 2013, as well as data for International Classification of Diseases,Tenth Edition(ICD-10) code C22 or liver cancer...
July 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384964/shift-work-parameters-and-disruption-of-diurnal-cortisol-production-in-female-hospital-employees
#18
Eleanor Wai Man Hung, Kristan J Aronson, Michael Leung, Andrew Day, Joan Tranmer
Shift work is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Disruption of cortisol production is a potential underlying mechanism. This study explored the associations of diurnal quantity and pattern of cortisol production in relation to (1) current shift work status (exclusive day versus rotating days and nights), (2) years of past shift work and (3) parameters of rotating shift work (timing, length and intensity). Female hospital employees (160 day workers and 168 rotating shift workers) from southeastern Ontario, Canada, participated in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380073/trace-elements-in-dominant-species-of-the-fenghe-river-china-their-relations-to-environmental-factors
#19
Yang Yang, Zhengchao Zhou, Yanying Bai, Wentao Jiao, Weiping Chen
The distribution of trace elements (TEs) in water, sediment, riparian soil and dominant plants was investigated in the Fenghe River, Northwestern China. The Fenghe River ecosystem was polluted with Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb. There was a high pollution risk in the midstream and downstream regions and the risk level for Cd was much higher than that of the other elements. The average values of bioconcentration coefficient for Cd and Zn were 2.21 and 1.75, respectively, indicating a large accumulation of Cd and Zn in the studied species...
July 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372963/prevalence-and-correlates-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-infection-among-prostatitis-patients-in-shanghai-china
#20
Xiaohui Mo, Caixia Zhu, Jin Gan, Chong Wang, Fang Wei, Weiming Gong, Qiliang Cai
Background: Mycoplasma genitalium (M. genitalium) has been shown to be involved in chronic non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). However, the prevalence and determinants of this emerging sexually transmissible infection among prostatitis patients remain obscure. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-five patients diagnosed with prostatitis and 152 health controls from sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinics in Shanghai, China, were selected. M. genitalium was detected in the initial voided urine (VB1), midstream of urine (VB2), expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) and the opening urine after massage (VB3) by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) targeting the Mycoplasma genitalium adhesion protein (MgPa)...
July 4, 2016: Sexual Health
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