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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333509/rate-and-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-infection-with-recurrence-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#1
Byung Soo Kim, Bum Sik Tae, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Chang Wook Jeong
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of pyuria and bacteriuria after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated data obtained from 363 patients who underwent TURBT between October 2012 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Hospital. Urinalysis and urine culture were assessed at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Primary endpoint was the rate of bacteriuria (≥105/mL in a midstream) and pyuria (white blood cells ≥5/high-power field)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314258/critical-evaluation-of-international-health-programs-reframing-global-health-and-evaluation
#2
Chunhuei Chi, Anaïs Tuepker, Rebecca Schoon, Alicia Núñez Mondaca
Striking changes in the funding and implementation of international health programs in recent decades have stimulated debate about the role of communities in deciding which health programs to implement. An important yet neglected piece of that discussion is the need to change norms in program evaluation so that analysis of community ownership, beyond various degrees of "participation," is seen as central to strong evaluation practices. This article challenges mainstream evaluation practices and proposes a framework of Critical Evaluation with 3 levels: upstream evaluation assessing the "who" and "how" of programming decisions; midstream evaluation focusing on the "who" and "how" of selecting program objectives; and downstream evaluation, the focus of current mainstream evaluation, which assesses whether the program achieved its stated objectives...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245133/source-identification-and-ecological-impact-evaluation-of-pahs-in-urban-river-sediments-a-case-study-in-taiwan
#3
Y T Tu, J H Ou, D C W Tsang, C D Dong, C W Chen, C M Kao
The Love River and Ho-Jin River, two major urban rivers in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, are moderately to heavily polluted because different types of improperly treated wastewaters are discharged into the rivers. In this study, sediment and river water samples were collected from two rivers to investigate the river water quality and accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments. The spatial distribution, composition, and source appointment of PAHs of the sediments were examined. The impacts of PAHs on ecological system were assessed using toxic equivalence quotient (TEQ) of potentially carcinogenic PAHs (TEQcarc) and sediment quality guidelines...
December 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180646/phytoplankton-communities-determine-the-spatio-temporal-heterogeneity-of-alkaline-phosphatase-activity-evidence-from-a-tributary-of-the-three-gorges-reservoir
#4
Yijun Yuan, Yonghong Bi, Zhengyu Hu
In order to reveal the role of phytoplankton in the spatio-temporal distribution of alkaline phosphatase activity (APA), monthly investigations were conducted in the Xiaojiang River, a tributary of the Three Gorges Reservoir in China. Different APA fractions, environmental parameters, and phytoplankton communities were followed. High spatio-temporal variations of APA were observed, with the highest value in summer and the lowest in winter. The annual average APAT (total alkaline phosphatase activity) ranged from 7...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162953/evaluation-of-spot-urinary-albumin-creatinine-ratio-as-screening-tool-in-prediction-of-pre-eclampsia-in-early-pregnancy
#5
Vineet V Mishra, Preeti A Goyal, Roy Priyankur, S Choudhary, Rohina S Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi, Bhumika Vyas, Shaheen Hokabaj
Objective: The aim of this study was to establish whether a spot urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) measured between 20 and 28 weeks of gestation can predict subsequent pre-eclampsia in asymptomatic pregnant women. Design: Prospective observational study. Subjects: The patients included sixty-two women with singleton pregnancy, normal renal function and no evident proteinuria, attending antenatal clinics between 20 and 28 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care hospital...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161604/ecological-effects-and-potential-risks-of-the-water-diversion-project-in-the-heihe-river-basin
#6
Mengmeng Zhang, Shuai Wang, Bojie Fu, Guangyao Gao, Qin Shen
To curb the severe ecological deterioration in the lower Heihe River Basin (HRB) in northwest China, a water diversion project was initiated in 2000. A comprehensive analysis of the ecological effects and potential risks associated with the project is needed. We assessed the hydrological and ecological achievements, and also analyzed the potential problems after the project was completed. We found that since the project began the hydrological regime has changed, with more than 57.82% of the upstream water being discharged to the lower reaches on average...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144313/preliminary-results-of-water-quality-assessment-using-phytoplankton-and-physicochemical-approaches-in-the-huai-river-basin-china
#7
Hao Chen, Qi-Ting Zuo, Yong-Yong Zhang
Water pollution has been a significant issue in the Huai River Basin (HRB) of China since the late 1970s. In July and December 2013, two field investigations were carried out at 10 sites along the main streams of the basin. The monitoring indices contained both physicochemical variables and the structure and composition of phytoplankton communities. The correlations between communities and physicochemical variables were analyzed using cluster analysis and redundancy analysis. Moreover, water quality was evaluated using the comprehensive nutrition state index (TLI) and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131997/organochlorine-pesticides-across-the-tributaries-of-river-ravi-pakistan-human-health-risk-assessment-through-dermal-exposure-ecological-risks-source-fingerprints-and-spatio-temporal-distribution
#8
Mujtaba Baqar, Yumna Sadef, Sajid Rashid Ahmad, Adeel Mahmood, Jun Li, Gan Zhang
This study monitored the human health risks through dermal exposure, hazardous risks to ecological integrity, contamination levels, spatio-temporal distribution, and congener specific analysis of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) across River Ravi and its three northern tributaries (Nullah Bein, Nullah Basanter and Nullah Deg). The residual levels of OCPs isomers were screened for water (n=54) and surface sediment (n=54) samples from twenty seven sampling sites in two alternate seasons (pre-monsoon and post-monsoon)...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076587/high-prevalence-of-candiduria-due-to-non-albicans-candida-species-among-diabetic-patients-a-matter-of-concern
#9
Alireza Esmailzadeh, Hossein Zarrinfar, AbdolMajid Fata, Tanuka Sen
BACKGROUND: Among the fungal pathogens, Candida species are the most common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI). Some predisposing factors such as diabetes mellitus, urinary retention, urinary stasis, renal transplantation, and hospitalization can increase the risk of candiduria. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate candiduria among type 2 diabetic patients and identification of the Candida isolates. METHOD: Four hundred clean-catch midstream urine specimens were obtained from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#10
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052739/spatial-distribution-of-metals-and-associated-risks-in-surface-sediments-along-a-typical-urban-river-gradient-in-the-beijing-region
#11
Yueqiu Zhang, Shiliang Liu, Fangyan Cheng, Ana Coxixo, Xiaoyun Hou, Zhenyao Shen, Lei Chen
Surface sediments from Beiyun River located in the rapidly urbanized Beijing metropolis were collected and analyzed for heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) to investigate their spatial distribution pattern, ecotoxicology and source identification. Results indicated the average heavy metal concentrations of Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn were approximately 4, 2, 3, 2, and 4 times higher than their background values. Spatially, we found the concentrations of heavy metals made significant change in four sections along urbanized river gradients...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051999/comparative-early-life-stage-toxicity-of-the-african-clawed-frog-xenopus-laevis-following-exposure-to-selected-herbicide-formulations-applied-to-eradicate-alien-plants-in-south-africa
#12
Oluwaseun O Babalola, J H Van Wyk
The rise in pesticides application has increased the need for better understanding of their ecological impacts. The global amphibian declines, for example, have been positively correlated with pesticides use. The differential susceptibility in the developmental stages of amphibians to chemical substances are still largely unknown. We examined the 96-h differential toxicity responses of embryos, premetamorphic and transitional larval stage of Xenopus laevis, to six formulated aquatic herbicide products containing the active ingredients of diquat dibromide (Midstream), glufosinate ammonium (Basta), imazapyr (Arsenal), and three glyphosate formulations (Roundup, Kilo Max, and Environ Glyphosate)...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047061/release-and-kinetics-of-arsenic-and-plumbum-in-the-songhua-river-surficial-sediments
#13
Guang-Min Liu, Qing An, Li-Juan Wang, Xin Jia, Si-Hui Feng, Shu-Mei Xia, Yi-Ning Wu, Hong Qi
To estimate the pollution of As and Pb in the Songhua River which flows through the major rice-producing regions in China, the present study investigated the level and release of As and Pb in surficial sediments which collected from nine sites in Songhua River (M1-M9). The concentration of As and Pb was ranged as follows: As = 3.104~15.01 μg/g, Pb = 20.10~37.42 μg/g; the average concentration: As = 6.466 ± 3.077 μg/g, Pb = 28.88 ± 5.077 μg/g. By analysis vertically, the average concentration of As was 5...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034336/occurrence-of-enrofloxacin-in-overflows-from-animal-lot-and-residential-sewage-lagoons-and-a-receiving-stream
#14
Abua Ikem, Chung-Ho Lin, Bob Broz, Monty Kerley, Ho Le Thi
Enrofloxacin (ENRO), a fluoroquinolone, was quantified in overflows from an animal lot and residential sewage lagoons and in a receiving-stream (Gans Creek). The concentrations of ENRO in samples was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry. In total, ninety samples including duplicates were analyzed during several monthly sampling campaigns. The samples collected represented the residential sewage lagoon overflow (RLO), animal lot lagoon overflow (ALLO), the combined overflows (RLO and ALLO), and Gans Creek (upstream, midstream and downstream positions)...
October 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021823/evidence-based-guideline-implementation-of-quality-assurance-and-quality-control-procedures-in-the-saudi-national-mental-health-survey
#15
Sanaa Hyder, Lisa Bilal, Luma Akkad, Yu-Chieh Lin, AbdulHameed Al-Habeeb, Abdullah Al-Subaie, Mona Shahab, Abdulrahman Binmuammar, Feda Al-Tuwaijr, Noha Kattan, Yasmin Altwaijri
BACKGROUND: The World Mental Health surveys have been known to apply high standards of quality control, but few studies have been published to document this. Furthermore, the effectiveness of quality control has rarely been reported in the Middle East. CASE PRESENTATION: The focus of this paper was to highlight the implementation of quality control procedures in the Saudi National Mental Health Survey under the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. The paper summarizes the guidelines implemented for the various phases of survey quality control-the quality assurance procedures, the quality control procedures and the quality control appraisal components-as per previously prescribed recommendations in literature...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970506/shift-in-bacterioplankton-diversity-and-structure-influence-of-anthropogenic-disturbances-along-the-yarlung-tsangpo-river-on-the-tibetan-plateau-china
#16
Peifang Wang, Xun Wang, Chao Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Jun Hou, Qiusheng Yuan
River systems have critical roles in the natural water environment and the transportation of nutrients. Anthropogenic activities, including wastewater discharge and river damming, raise adverse impacts on ecosystem and continuum of rivers. An increasing amount of attention has been paid to riverine bacterioplankton as they make vital contributions to biogeochemical nutrient cycle. A comprehensive study was conducted on the bacterioplankton community along the Yarlung Tsangpo River, which is the longest plateau river in China and is suffering from various anthropogenic impacts...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943876/dysbiosis-of-the-urinary-microbiota-associated-with-urine-levels-of-proinflammatory-chemokine-interleukin-8-in-female-type-2-diabetic-patients
#17
Zongxin Ling, Fengping Liu, Li Shao, Yiwen Cheng, Lanjuan Li
Evidence has shown that dysbiosis of the urinary microbiota existed in female type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Perturbations of intestinal microbiota are linked to proinflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8); however, the correlations between urinary microbiota and IL-8 are not well studied. Here, we investigated the associations between the altered urinary microbiota and urinary IL-8 in female T2DM patients. A modified four-tube midstream urine technique was used to collect urine specimens from 70 female T2DM patients and 70 matched healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892892/antibiotic-screening-of-urine-culture-for-internal-quality-audit-at-amrita-hospital-kochi
#18
Aswathy Suresh, Anusha Gopinathan, Kavitha R Dinesh, Anil Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Urine antimicrobial activity is a seldom analysed laboratory test which greatly impacts the quantification of urine specimens. Presence of antimicrobial activity in the urine reduces the bacterial load in these specimens. Hence, the chances of erroneously reporting insignificant bacteriuria can be reduced on analysis of the antimicrobial activity in urine. AIM: The aim of the study was to measure the antimicrobial activity of urine samples obtained from patients in a tertiary care hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885319/getting-the-word-out-new-approaches-for-disseminating-public-health-science
#19
Ross C Brownson, Amy A Eyler, Jenine K Harris, Justin B Moore, Rachel G Tabak
The gap between discovery of public health knowledge and application in practice settings and policy development is due in part to ineffective dissemination. This article describes (1) lessons related to dissemination from related disciplines (eg, communication, agriculture, social marketing, political science), (2) current practices among researchers, (3) key audience characteristics, (4) available tools for dissemination, and (5) measures of impact. Dissemination efforts need to take into account the message, source, audience, and channel...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845933/-is-bacteriological-testing-of-bladder-urine-informative-in-acute-obstructive-pyelo-nephritis
#20
M I Kogan, Yu L Naboka, S K Bedzhanyan, E V Mitusova, I A Gudima, P P Morgun, L I Vasileva
The problem of the etiology and pathogenesis of acute obstructive pyelonephritis (OOP) remains one of the challenging issues of modern urology. Etiological agents of pyelonephritis can be both gram-negative and gram-positive opportunistic bacteria mostly belonging to the normal flora in humans. The generally accepted diagnostic work-up involves a bacteriological testing of not pelvic urine, but of bladder urine collected by a transurethral catheter or midstream specimens of urine collected from the patients...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
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