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cdc guidelines

Todd R Kramer
This case report examines a vesiculopustular reaction which occurred in a young Marine 9 d after receiving the smallpox vaccination. Review of the CDC guidelines, ACAM2000 package insert, and literature surrounding the smallpox vaccine reveals several well-established adverse cutaneous reactions associated with vaccination. These dermatologic reactions are typically mild and self-limited, but do have the potential to be life threatening - especially in those with immunocompromise. Unfortunately, the correct diagnosis can often be difficult to make, as many of these rashes share similar characteristics...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
Ryan Tewell, Lisa Edgerton, Elizabeth Kyle
PURPOSE: A program at a family medicine clinic to provide naloxone prescriptions in conjunction with education on naloxone use and opioid hazards to patients at risk for opioid overdose is described. SUMMARY: Consistent with a 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline on opioid prescribing for chronic pain, a family medicine clinic implemented updated controlled substance agreements and medical record templates for documentation of pain management visits and established a pharmacist-led naloxone clinic...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Anita Jeyakumar, Rodolpho E Bégué, Yu Jiang, Brian J McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for vaccination of cochlear implant (CI) recipients have been promulgated and updated by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to mitigate bacterial meningitis risk. The objective of this study was to survey current CI specialists on: 1) knowledge of current CDC CI recipient immunization recommendations, and 2) impediments to implementation of those guidelines. METHODS: A survey to assess knowledge of the CI recipient vaccination guidelines was administered to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgery (AAO-HNS), the American Cochlear Implant Alliance (ACIA), and the American Neurotology Society (ANS)...
March 9, 2018: Laryngoscope
Dawne DiOrio, Karen Kroeger, Amara Ross
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman with syphilis is not diagnosed or treated and the infection is passed in utero, causing severe infant morbidity and mortality. Congenital syphilis is easily prevented if women receive timely and adequate prenatal care. Cases of congenital syphilis are considered indicators of problems in the safety net. However, maternal social and behavioral factors can impede women's care, even when providers follow guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed case interviews and maternal records for 23 congenital syphilis cases reported to CDC from Indiana between 2014 and 2016...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Elie Hobeika, Ihab M Usta, Rami Helou, Salma Jabak, Faysal El Kak, Anwar H Nassar
We designed our study to evaluate the knowledge and immunization practices among Lebanese obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYN) for women of different age groups. Anonymous questionnaires were used to assess the knowledge and immunization practices among OBGYN. The survey was conducted at the annual meeting of the Lebanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology on November 13-15, 2014. Data collected included demographics, type of practice, academic background and familiarity with vaccine guidelines. Descriptive statistical methods were used to evaluate the responses...
February 20, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Fang Xu, James M Dahlhamer, Emily P Zammitti, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, involves chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In 2015, an estimated 3.1 million adults in the United States had ever received a diagnosis of IBD (1). Nationally representative samples of adults with IBD have been unavailable or too small to assess relationships between IBD and other chronic conditions and health-risk behaviors (2). To assess the prevalence of health-risk behaviors and chronic conditions among adults with and without IBD, CDC aggregated survey data from the 2015 and 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey, Scott A Damon, Paul L Garbe, Patrick N Breysse
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease of childhood, affecting approximately 6 million children in the United States. Although asthma cannot be cured, most of the time, asthma symptoms can be controlled by avoiding or reducing exposure to asthma triggers (allergens and irritants) and by following recommendations for asthma education and appropriate medical care. METHODS: CDC analyzed asthma data from the 2001-2016 National Health Interview Survey for children aged 0-17 years to examine trends and demographic differences in health outcomes and health care use...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kate M Chitty, Bosco Chan, Camille L Pulanco, Sonya Luu, Oluwaseun Egunsola, Nicholas A Buckley
AIMS: This study investigates paediatric drug dosage guidelines with the aim of investigating their agreement with body surface area (BSA) scaling principles. METHODS: 454 drug dosage guidelines listed in the AMH-CDC 2015 were examined. Data extracted included the administration, frequency and dose per age bracket from 0-18 years. Drug treatments were categorized as follows: 1) The same dose recommendation in milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) for all age/weights; 2) Change in the mg/kg dosing according to age/weight; 3) Change in dose in mg according to age/weight; 4) Change from mg/kg dosing to a dose in mg according to age/weight; 5) The same recommendation for all age/weight groups in mg or 6) BSA dosing...
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Winfried Häuser, Stephan Schug, Andrea D Furlan
Introduction: A marked rise in opioid prescriptions for patients with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) with a parallel increase in opioid abuse/misuse, and resulting deaths was noted in the Unites states in the past decade (opioid epidemic). In response, the US Center of Diseases Control (CDC) developed a guideline for prescribing of opioids for patients with CNCP. Objectives: To assess (1) if there is an opioid epidemic in Australia, Canada, and Germany (2) to compare Australian, Canadian, German, and Center of Diseases Control guidelines recommendations for long-term opioid therapy for CNCP...
May 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
E Amy Janke, Martin Cheatle, Francis J Keefe, Lara Dhingra
Policy makers have articulated a need for clear, evidence-based guidance to help inform pain policy. Persistent pain is common, expensive, and debilitating, and requires comprehensive assessment and treatment planning. Recently released opioid prescribing guidelines by the CDC (2016) emphasize the importance of using nonopioid therapies before considering opioid treatment for those without a malignant illness. The National Pain Strategy (2016) underscores the importance of comprehensive, interdisciplinary pain care...
January 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Ángel Vila-Córcoles, Cinta de Diego, Eva Satué, Angel Vila-Rovira, María Aragón
OBJECTIVES: To know antipneumococcal vaccination coverages among Catalonian adults and evaluate the adequacy of vaccine use according to 3 distinct current vaccination guidelines. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary Health Care. Catalonia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2,033,465 individuals≥50 years-old registered in the Catalonian Health Institute. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Vaccination status for the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) and/or the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was revised at 1/01/2015...
January 17, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Serena Stockwell
New research shows most children with Zika present with only two of the four main symptoms.
February 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
Miranda Surjadi
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV), the cause of one of the most common infectious diseases, infects approximately 4 million to 5 million Americans with approximately half of infected individuals undiagnosed. Some workplaces screen employees for HCV exposure and other bloodborne pathogens (BBP) after needlestick injuries, but it is not well known whether employers screen employees for HCV without an occupational exposure. New guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all individuals born between 1945 and 1965 should be screened for HCV regardless of risk; this provides an opportunity at the worksite for HCV outreach to employees, dependents, and retirees...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Elizabeth C Ailes, April D Summers, Emmy L Tran, Suzanne M Gilboa, Kathryn E Arnold, Dana Meaney-Delman, Jennita Reefhuis
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in about 8% of pregnant women, and untreated UTIs can have serious consequences, including pyelonephritis, preterm labor, low birth weight, and sepsis (1). Pregnant women are typically screened for UTIs during early pregnancy, and those with bacteriuria are treated with antibiotics (1,2). Antibiotic stewardship is critical to improving patient safety and to combating antibiotic resistance. Because of the potential risk for birth defects, including anencephaly, heart defects, and orofacial clefts, associated with use of sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin during pregnancy (3), a 2011 committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended that sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed in the first trimester of pregnancy only when other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate (4)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kevin C Abbott, Chyng-Wen Fwu, Paul W Eggers, Anne W Eggers, Prudence P Kline, Paul L Kimmel
BACKGROUND: CDC guidelines recommend caution in prescribing opioids for chronic pain. The characteristics of opioid prescription (OpRx) among kidney transplant (KTx) recipients has not been described in a national population. METHODS: We assessed OpRx prevalence among prevalent KTx recipients, and associated duration (chronic, defined as ≥90 days in a year) and dosing (in morphine milligram equivalents per day, MME, of <50, 50-89, and ≥90) with outcomes, death and graft loss, among incident KTx recipients using 2006-2010 US Renal Data System files, including Medicare Part D for medication ascertainment...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, John D Omura, Teresa J Brady, Michael Boring, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick
Arthritis affects an estimated 54 million U.S. adults and, as a common comorbidity, can contribute arthritis-specific limitations or barriers to physical activity or exercise for persons with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity (1). The American College of Rheumatology's osteoarthritis management guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line, nonpharmacologic strategy to manage arthritis symptoms (2), and a Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase health care provider counseling for physical activity or exercise among adults with arthritis...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Raphael J Landovitz, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men with HIV have high sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence. Thus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends at least yearly STI screening of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: We calculated testing rates for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea among HIV-positive Californians with Medicare or Medicaid insurance in 2010. Logistic regressions estimated how testing for each bacterial STI relates to demographic and provider factors...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Andrea Catalano, Amanda Bennett, Ashley Busacker, Alethia Carr, David Goodman, Charlan Kroelinger, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Mary Brantley, Wanda Barfield
Perinatal regionalization, or risk-appropriate care, is an approach that classifies facilities based on capabilities to ensure women and infants receive care at a facility that aligns with their risk. The CDC designed the Levels of Care Assessment Tool (LOCATe) to assist jurisdictions working in risk-appropriate care in assessing a facility's level of maternal and neonatal care aligned with the most current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines...
December 2017: Journal of Women's Health
Elena Losina, Savannah R Smith, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Griffin L Michl, Bhushan R Deshpande, Heidi Y Yang, Karen C Smith, Jamie E Collins, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: We designed and implemented the Brigham and Women's Wellness Initiative (B-Well), a single-arm study to examine the feasibility of a workplace program that used individual and team-based financial incentives to increase physical activity among sedentary hospital employees. METHODS: We enrolled sedentary, non-clinician employees of a tertiary medical center who self-reported low physical activity. Eligible participants formed or joined teams of three members and wore Fitbit Flex activity monitors for two pre-intervention weeks followed by 24 weeks during which they could earn monetary rewards...
December 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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