keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cdc guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771871/trends-in-antiretroviral-therapy-eligibility-and-coverage-among-children-aged-15-years-with-hiv-infection-20-pepfar-supported-sub-saharan-african-countries-2012-2016
#1
Amanda Burrage, Monita Patel, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric Dziuban, Wondimu Teferi, Laura Broyles, Emilia Rivadeneira
Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged <15 years with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated morbidity and mortality rates over the past decade (2). As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection (2)...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741665/evaluation-of-prep-eligibility-criteria-using-sexually-transmissible-infections-as-hiv-risk-markers-at-enrolment-in-prepx-a-large-australian-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-trial
#2
Vincent J Cornelisse, Christopher K Fairley, Mark Stoove, Jason Asselin, Eric P F Chow, Brian Price, Norman J Roth, Jeff Willcox, B K Tee, Matthew Penn, Christina C Chang, Judith Armishaw, George Forgan-Smith, Edwina J Wright
Background: The PrEPX trial provided HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to 2600 people in Victoria, Australia. To determine participants' HIV risk, PrEPX used six eligibility criteria derived from the Australian PrEP guidelines, based on the CDC PrEP guidelines. Participants who fulfilled no eligibility criteria could be enrolled if clinically assessed to need PrEP. This study evaluated whether PREPX eligibility criteria correlated with biological HIV risk markers, namely syphilis, anorectal chlamydia or anorectal gonorrhoea (STIs)...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740788/behavioral-economics-interventions-to-improve-outpatient-antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#3
Cynthia L Gong, Kenneth M Zangwill, Joel W Hay, Daniella Meeker, Jason N Doctor
BACKGROUND: Behavioral economics interventions have been shown to effectively reduce the rates of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions for acute respiratory infections (ARIs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of three behavioral economic interventions designed to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions for ARIs. DESIGN: Thirty-year Markov model from the US societal perspective with inputs derived from the literature and CDC surveillance data...
May 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733096/does-familiarity-with-cdc-guidelines-continuing-education-and-provider-characteristics-influence-adherence-to-chronic-pain-management-practices-and-opioid-prescribing
#4
Jean C McCalmont, Kim D Jones, Robert M Bennett, Ronald Friend
OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess providers' experience and knowledge of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) management. (2) To assess providers' utilization of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2016 Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. (3) To assess the influence of the 2016 CDC guideline on provider confidence in managing CNCP and adherence to the CDC recommendations. METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based survey conducted with 417 Oregon prescribing providers, divided into three continuing medical education (CME) groups composed of minimal (0-3), moderate (4-10), and high (≥11) hours of training...
March 2018: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724237/larval-density-mediates-knockdown-resistance-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-adult-aedes-aegypti
#5
Marissa K Grossman, Valentin Uc-Puc, Adriana E Flores, Pablo C Manrique-Saide, Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec
BACKGROUND: Understanding mechanisms driving insecticide resistance in vector populations remains a public health priority. To date, most research has focused on the genetic mechanisms underpinning resistance, yet it is unclear what role environmental drivers may play in shaping phenotypic expression. One of the key environmental drivers of Aedes aegypti mosquito population dynamics is resource-driven intraspecific competition at the larval stage. We experimentally investigated the role of density-dependent larval competition in mediating resistance evolution in Ae...
May 3, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723168/malaria-surveillance-united-states-2015
#6
Kimberly E Mace, Paul M Arguin, Kathrine R Tan
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to regions with ongoing malaria transmission. However, malaria is occasionally acquired by persons who have not traveled out of the country through exposure to infected blood products, congenital transmission, laboratory exposure, or local mosquitoborne transmission...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710353/iatrogenic-hepatitis-c-virus-transmission-and-safe-injection-practices
#7
Charles M Defendorf, Sindy Paul, George J Scott
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection poses significant adverse health effects. Improper use of vials, needles, syringes, intravenous bags, tubing, and connectors for injections and infusions is a current preventable cause of iatrogenic HCV transmission. Numerous cases have demonstrated the need for continued vigilance and the widespread nature of this iatrogenic infection risk across a variety of medical practice settings in the United States. Failure to implement the evidence-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) infection prevention guidelines exposes patients to preventable harm...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689374/body-mass-index-and-its-relation-to-neuropsychological-functioning-and-brain-volume-in-healthy-older-adults
#8
Marissa Ann Gogniat, Talia Loren Robinson, Catherine Mattocks Mewborn, Kharine Renee Jean, L Stephen Miller
Obesity is a growing concern worldwide because of its adverse health effects, including its negative impact on cognitive functioning. This concern is especially relevant for older adults, who are already likely to experience some cognitive decline and loss of brain volume due to aging [63,13]. However, there is some evidence that higher body mass index (BMI) may actually be protective in later life [8-11]. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to assess the relationship between BMI and neuropsychological functioning in older adults, and concurrently the relationship between BMI and brain volume...
April 21, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649190/updated-cdc-recommendations-for-using-artemether-lumefantrine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-malaria-in-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Allison Salinger, Paul M Arguin, Meghna Desai, Kathrine R Tan
Malaria infection during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for maternal and fetal complications. In the United States, treatment options for uncomplicated, chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax malaria in pregnant women are limited to mefloquine or quinine plus clindamycin (1). However, limited availability of quinine and increasing resistance to mefloquine restrict these options. Strong evidence now demonstrates that artemether-lumefantrine (AL) (Coartem) is effective and safe in the treatment of malaria in pregnancy...
April 13, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621204/prevalence-of-asthma-asthma-attacks-and-emergency-department-visits-for-asthma-among-working-adults-national-health-interview-survey-2011-2016
#10
Jacek M Mazurek, Girija Syamlal
In 2010, an estimated 8.2% of U.S. adults had current asthma, and among these persons, 49.1% had had an asthma attack during the past year (1). Workplace exposures can cause asthma in a previously healthy worker or can trigger asthma exacerbations in workers with current asthma* (2). To assess the industry- and occupation-specific prevalence of current asthma, asthma attacks, and asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits among working adults, CDC analyzed 2011-2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for participants aged ≥18 years who, at the time of the survey, were employed at some time during the 12 months preceding the interview...
April 6, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608033/the-cdc-opioid-guideline-proponent-interpretation-has-led-to-misinformation
#11
Erica L Wegrzyn, Ausim M Chaghtai, Charles E Argoff, Jeffrey Fudin
Pain management epitomizes the value of a multidisciplinary approach to caring for patients, yet regrettably, the term pain management has too often become synonymous with prescribing opioids only. Optimal chronic pain management requires a skillset most conducive to a multidisciplinary team approach and should be performed in a scientifically and clinically sound manner. It is with these facts in mind that we offer our view of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603206/critiquing-the-cdc-opioid-guideline-some-light-from-the-heat
#12
David N Juurlink
Released in 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain has been met with both praise and criticism. In this issue of the Journal, two commentaries address the guideline's strengths and limitations. While the authors differ in their assessment of the guideline, they share a common objective: safer opioid prescribing. Followed carefully, the CDC guideline will facilitate this, but followed carelessly it has the potential to cause harm.
March 30, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603187/opioid-guidelines-are-a-necessary-response-to-the-opioid-crisis
#13
Jane C Ballantyne, Natalia Murinova, Daniel L Krashin
Guidelines for opioid prescribing in noncancer pain have proliferated since the opioid crisis in the United States became widely recognized. The recently published Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for opioid prescribing have been controversial. Many of these concerns arise from underestimation of the scale of the opioid crisis, as well as misunderstanding what the guidelines actually say. Strict guidelines should be welcomed as a constructive approach to managing a thorny public health issue.
March 30, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596224/cdc-syphilis-summit-diagnostics-and-laboratory-issues
#14
Allan Pillay
Syphilis, caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, is on the rise in the United States (US) particularly among men who have sex with men (MSM). The disease is complex with varied clinical manifestations and challenges remain in the laboratory diagnostic setting because T. pallidum is non-cultivable and no single test can accurately diagnose all stages of the disease. There are missed opportunities for the use of direct detection tests in primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis. The increasing use of different reverse sequence algorithms for serology testing without validation in populations with varying risks for syphilis makes the interpretation of test results difficult; this has led to concerns about diagnostic errors or overtreatment...
March 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596216/reduction-of-inappropriate-antimicrobial-prescriptions-in-a-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-following-antimicrobial-stewardship-care-bundle-implementation
#15
Joseph Y Ting, Vanessa Paquette, Karen Ng, Sarka Lisonkova, Valoria Hait, Sandesh Shivanada, Peter Tilley, Osiovich Horacio, Ashley Roberts
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using standardised criteria and determine the effects of an antimicrobial stewardship programme (ASP) on patterns of antibiotic usage. METHODS: A retrospective audit of antibiotic use from July 2010-June 2013 was conducted, focusing on prescriptions of vancomycin, cefotaxime, meropenem and linezolid for >3 calendar days. We evaluated the appropriateness of each course of antibiotic treatment based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 12-Step Guidelines to Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance (Steps 4, 6 and 9)...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558852/sexually-transmitted-infection-review-for-the-acute-care-pharmacist
#16
Nathan D Mah, Asha R Birmingham, Cierra N Treu, Ryan P Bodkin, Nadia I Awad, Nicole M Acquisto
PURPOSE: Review selected sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and treatment recommendations for pharmacists and providers practicing in the acute care setting. SUMMARY: In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an updated guideline on the treatment of STIs with an emphasis on prevention and new diagnostic strategies to combat the growing problem of STIs in the United States. Despite this guidance, the incidence of infection has continued to grow...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552993/challenges-of-designing-and-implementing-high-consequence-infectious-disease-response
#17
Joan M King, Chetan Tiwari, Armin R Mikler, Martin O'Neill
Ebola is a high consequence infectious disease-a disease with the potential to cause outbreaks, epidemics, or pandemics with deadly possibilities, highly infectious, pathogenic, and virulent. Ebola's first reported cases in the United States in September 2014 led to the development of preparedness capabilities for the mitigation of possible rapid outbreaks, with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) providing guidelines to assist public health officials in infectious disease response planning...
March 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546340/post-smallpox-vaccination-skin-eruption-in-a-marine
#18
Todd R Kramer
This case report examines a vesiculopustular reaction which occurred in a young Marine 9 d after receiving the smallpox vaccination. Review of the CDC guidelines, ACAM2000 package insert, and literature surrounding the smallpox vaccine reveals several well-established adverse cutaneous reactions associated with vaccination. These dermatologic reactions are typically mild and self-limited, but do have the potential to be life threatening - especially in those with immunocompromise. Unfortunately, the correct diagnosis can often be difficult to make, as many of these rashes share similar characteristics...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523534/establishment-of-a-pharmacist-led-service-for-patients-at-high-risk-for-opioid-overdose
#19
Ryan Tewell, Lisa Edgerton, Elizabeth Kyle
PURPOSE: A program at a family medicine clinic to provide naloxone prescriptions in conjunction with education on naloxone use and opioid hazards to patients at risk for opioid overdose is described. SUMMARY: Consistent with a 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline on opioid prescribing for chronic pain, a family medicine clinic implemented updated controlled substance agreements and medical record templates for documentation of pain management visits and established a pharmacist-led naloxone clinic...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521419/cochlear-implant-provider-awareness-of-vaccination-guidelines
#20
Anita Jeyakumar, Rodolpho E Bégué, Yu Jiang, Brian J McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for vaccination of cochlear implant (CI) recipients have been promulgated and updated by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to mitigate bacterial meningitis risk. The objective of this study was to survey current CI specialists on: 1) knowledge of current CDC CI recipient immunization recommendations, and 2) impediments to implementation of those guidelines. METHODS: A survey to assess knowledge of the CI recipient vaccination guidelines was administered to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgery (AAO-HNS), the American Cochlear Implant Alliance (ACIA), and the American Neurotology Society (ANS)...
March 9, 2018: Laryngoscope
keyword
keyword
101818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"