Read by QxMD icon Read

dynamic roll vor

Aasef G Shaikh, Antonella Palla, Sarah Marti, Itsaso Olasagasti, Lance M Optican, David S Zee, Dominik Straumann
Vestibular velocity storage enhances the efficacy of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) during relatively low-frequency head rotations. This function is modulated by GABA-mediated inhibitory cerebellar projections. Velocity storage also exists in perceptual pathway and has similar functional principles as VOR. However, it is not known whether the neural substrate for perception and VOR overlap. We propose two possibilities. First, there is the same velocity storage for both VOR and perception; second, there are nonoverlapping neural networks: one might be involved in perception and the other for the VOR...
February 2013: Cerebellum
Richard F Lewis, Csilla Haburcakova, Wangsong Gong, Faisal Karmali, Daniel M Merfeld
To investigate the characteristics of eye movements produced by electrical stimulation of semicircular canal afferents, we studied the spatial and temporal features of eye movements elicited by short-term lateral canal stimulation in two squirrel monkeys with plugged lateral canals, with the head upright or statically tilted in the roll plane. The electrically induced vestibuloocular reflex (eVOR) evoked with the head upright decayed more quickly than the stimulation signal provided by the electrode, demonstrating an absence of the classic velocity storage effect that improves the dynamics of the low-frequency VOR...
September 2012: Journal of Neurophysiology
Richard F Lewis, Csilla Haburcakova, Wangsong Gong, Daniel Lee, Conrad Wall, Lara Thompson, Daniel M Merfeld
We are studying the effectiveness of a semicircular canal prosthesis to improve postural control, perception of spatial orientation, and the VOR in rhesus monkeys with bilateral vestibular hypofunction. Balance is examined by measuring spontaneous sway of the body during quiet stance and postural responses evoked by head turns and rotation of the support surface; perception is measured with a task derived from the subjective visual vertical (SVV) test during static and dynamic rotation in the roll plane; and the angular VOR is measured during rotation about the roll, pitch, and yaw axes...
2011: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Americo A Migliaccio, Charles C Della Santina, John P Carey, Lloyd B Minor, David S Zee
We examined how the gain of the torsional vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) (defined as the instantaneous eye velocity divided by inverted head velocity) in normal humans is affected by eye position, target distance, and the plane of head rotation. In six normal subjects we measured three-dimensional (3D) eye and head rotation axes using scleral search coils, and 6D head position using a magnetic angular and linear position measurement device, during low-amplitude (approximately 20 degrees ), high-velocity (approximately 200 degrees/s), high-acceleration (approximately 4000 degrees /s2) rapid head rotations or 'impulses...
August 2006: Vision Research
Agnes M F Wong, James A Sharpe
BACKGROUND: Skew deviation is typically caused by brainstem damage, and has not been identified with focal cerebellar lesions. This vertical strabismus has been attributed to asymmetric disruption of vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) projections from otolithic receptors of the utricle to ocular motoneurons, but asymmetry of the utriculo-ocular counter-roll reflex has not been detected. METHODS: Lesions localized to the cerebellum were identified by MRI in five patients with vertical strabismus...
August 9, 2005: Neurology
James F Baker
The vestibulo-collic reflex (VCR) stabilizes the head in space by excitation of neck muscles that oppose head rotation. Recently, the mouse vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) has been characterized so that genetic manipulations of the vestibular system can be examined. We have characterized the dynamics and directionality of the VCR in mice restrained at the neck so that studies of vestibular system genetics may include comparisons to normal VCR in addition to VOR. Head rotations were measured in darkness with a three-dimensional search coil system during whole body rotations...
November 2005: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
E Schneider, S Glasauer, T Brandt, M Dieterich
The eye movement component that rotates around the line of sight, i.e., the ocular torsion, is in many aspects different from horizontal and vertical eye movements. While ocular torsion is mediated only by reflexive pathways like the torsional vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic reflexes (TVOR and OKN, respectively), horizontal and vertical components are also subject to intentional control mechanisms that are mediated by the saccadic and the pursuit systems. Dynamic properties of torsional eye movements are also very distinct...
October 2003: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Agnes M F Wong, James A Sharpe
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in patients with unilateral peripheral third nerve palsy. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Ten patients and 15 healthy subjects were studied using magnetic search coils. Subjects made sinusoidal +/-10 degrees head-on-body rotations in yaw, pitch, and roll in darkness and during monocular viewing in light. RESULTS: Horizontal VOR and visually enhanced VOR (VVOR) gains of the paretic eye were decreased during both abduction and adduction...
March 2002: Archives of Ophthalmology
Agnes M F Wong, Douglas Tweed, James A Sharpe
PURPOSE: The effects of paralytic strabismus on the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) have not been systematically investigated in humans. The purpose of this study was to analyze the VOR in patients with unilateral peripheral sixth nerve palsy. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral peripheral sixth nerve palsy (6 severe, 7 moderate, 8 mild) and 15 normal subjects were studied. Subjects made sinusoidal +/-10 degrees head-on-body rotations in yaw and pitch at approximately 0...
January 2002: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
M Dai, H Kaufmann, T Raphan, B Cohen
BACKGROUND: Promethazine is used to treat motion sickness including Space Adaptation Syndrome, but there is incomplete information about how it affects vestibular and optokinetic responses. METHODS: Vestibular and optokinetic nystagmus, recorded with eye coils, were characterized in monkeys after administration of promethazine at dosages approximately equivalent to those used by humans in space. RESULTS: The initial increase of horizontal eye velocity during optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) was reduced after receiving the drug...
October 2000: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
A H Clarke, J Grigull, R Mueller, H Scherer
Single-case, longitudinal studies of the three-dimensional vestibulo-ocular response (VOR) were conducted with two spaceflight subjects over a 180-day mission. For reference, a control study was performed in the laboratory with 13 healthy volunteers. Horizontal, vertical and torsional VOR was measured during active yaw, pitch and roll oscillations of the head, performed during visual fixation of real and imaginary targets. The control group was tested in the head-upright position, and in the gravity-neutral, onside and supine positions...
October 2000: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
H Misslisch, D Tweed
Six subjects fixated an imagined space-fixed target in darkness, or a visible target against a structured visual background, while rotating their heads actively in yaw, pitch and roll at four different frequencies, from 0.3 to 2.4 Hz. We used search coils to measure the 3-dimensional rotations of the head and eye, and described the relation between them--the input-output function of the rotational vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR)--using gain matrices. We found consistent cross-coupling in which torsional head rotation evoked horizontal eye rotation...
2000: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
S C Brettler, S A Rude, K J Quinn, J E Killian, E C Schweitzer, J F Baker
Horizontal and vertical eye movements were recorded in alert pigmented rats using chronically implanted scleral search coils or temporary glue-on coils to test the dependence of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) upon rotation axis and body orientation. The contributions of semicircular-canal versus otolith-organ signals to the VOR were investigated by providing canal-only (vertical axis) and canal plus otolith (horizontal axis) stimulation conditions. Rotations that stimulated canals only (upright yaw and nose-up roll) produced an accurate VOR during middle- and high-frequency rotations (0...
June 2000: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
A Schmid-Priscoveanu, D Straumann, A Böhmer, H Obzina
This study aimed to investigate whether unilateral vestibular neuritis (VN) causes the same deficits of ocular counter-roll during static head roll (OCR(S)) and dynamic vestibulo-ocular reflex gains during head impulses (VOR(HI)) as unilateral vestibular deafferentation (VD). Ten patients with acute and 14 patients with chronic vestibular paralysis after VN were examined. The testing battery included fundus photography of both eyes with the head upright (binocular cyclorotation) and dual search coil recordings in a three-field magnetic frame...
1999: Acta Oto-laryngologica
B J Hess, D E Angelaki
New evidence for a central resolution of gravito-inertial signals has been recently obtained by analyzing the properties of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in response to combined lateral translations and roll tilts of the head. It is found that the VOR generates robust compensatory horizontal eye movements independent of whether or not the interaural translatory acceleration component is canceled out by a gravitational acceleration component due to simultaneous roll-tilt. This response property of the VOR depends on functional semicircular canals, suggesting that the brain uses both otolith and semicircular canal signals to estimate head motion relative to inertial space...
May 28, 1999: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
G D Paige, S H Seidman
The primate linear VOR (LVOR) includes two forms. First, eye-movement responses to translation [e.g., horizontal responses to interaural (i.a.) motion] help maintain binocular fixation on targets, and therefore a stable bifoveal image. The translational LVOR is strongly modulated by fixation distance, and operates with high-pass dynamics (> 1 Hz). Second, other LVOR responses occur that cannot be compensatory for translation and instead seem compensatory for head tilt. This reflects an otolith response ambiguity--that is, an inability to distinguish head translation from head tilt relative to gravity...
May 28, 1999: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
E Groen, J E Bos, B de Graaf
The dynamic contribution of the otolith organs to the human ocular torsion response was examined during passive sinusoidal body roll about an earth-horizontal axis (varying otolith inputs) and about an earth-vertical axis (invariant otolith inputs). Torsional eye movements were registered in 5 subjects by means of video-oculography. At a fixed amplitude of 25 degrees, the stimulus frequency was varied from 0.05 to 0.4 Hz. Additionally, at a fixed frequency of 0.2 Hz, the response was also measured at the amplitudes to 12...
1999: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
D E Angelaki
The three-dimensional (3-D) properties of the translational vestibulo-ocular reflexes (translational VORs) during lateral and fore-aft oscillations in complete darkness were studied in rhesus monkeys at frequencies between 0.16 and 25 Hz. In addition, constant velocity off-vertical axis rotations extended the frequency range to 0.02 Hz. During lateral motion, horizontal responses were in phase with linear velocity in the frequency range of 2-10 Hz. At both lower and higher frequencies, phase lags were introduced...
August 1998: Journal of Neurophysiology
C Helmchen, H Rambold, L Fuhry, U Büttner
The mesencephalic interstitial nucleus of Cajal (iC) is considered the neural integrator for vertical and torsional eye movements and has also been proposed to be involved in saccade generation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the function of iC in neural integration of different types of eye movements and to distinguish eye movement deficits due to iC impairment from that of the immediately adjacent rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (riMLF). We addressed the following questions: (1) According to the neural integrator hypothesis, all eye movements including the saccadic system and the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) share a common neural integrator...
April 1998: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
H Kingma
Quantification of eye torsion induced by stimulation of the statolith organ has recently become available (in the clinic) thanks to the development of video nystagmography. A major step forward has been the development of real-time measurement of eye torsion which enables interactive testing of the statolith-ocular reflex. The function of the statolith organs can be evaluated by the study of the impact of statolith stimulation upon the canal-mediated dynamic vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) or by measurement of the static VOR...
July 1997: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"