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Pericardial effusions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670801/nonoperative-management-of-multiple-penetrating-cardiac-and-colon-wounds-from-a-shotgun-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Paula M Jaramillo, Jaime A Montoya, David A Mejia, Salin Pereira Warr
Introduction: Surgery for cardiac trauma is considered fatal and for wounds of the colon by associated sepsis is normally considered; however, conservative management of many traumatic lesions of different injured organs has progressed over the years. Presentation of the Case: A 65-year-old male patient presented with multiple shotgun wounds on the left upper limb, thorax, and abdomen. On evaluation, he was hemodynamically stable with normal sinus rhythm and normal blood pressure, no dyspnea, or abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659940/risk-factors-for-pericardial-effusion-after-chemoradiotherapy-for-thoracic-esophageal-cancer-comparison-of-four-field-technique-and-traditional-two-opposed-fields-technique
#2
Noriko Takata, Masaaki Kataoka, Yasushi Hamamoto, Shintaro Tsuruoka, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Kotaro Uwatsu, Kei Nagasaki, Teruhito Mochizuki
Pericardial effusion is an important late toxicity after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for locally advanced esophageal cancer. We investigated the clinical and dosimetric factors that were related to pericardial effusion among patients with thoracic esophageal cancer who were treated with definitive CCRT using the two opposed fields technique (TFT) or the four-field technique (FFT), as well as the effectiveness of FFT. During 2007-2015, 169 patients with middle and/or lower thoracic esophageal cancer received definitive CCRT, and 94 patients were evaluable (51 FFT cases and 43 TFT cases)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657378/lung-collapse-secondary-to-massive-pericardial-effusion-in-adults-two-case-reports
#3
Yogesh Manhas, Antara Gokhale
We present two cases of respiratory insufficiency due to left lung collapse secondary to massive pericardial effusion. Both patients had pericardial effusion due to their underlying disease. Radioimaging showed compression of the left bronchus. Patients got symptomatic relief after pericardiocentesis. Follow-up imaging showed expansion of the lung.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656776/purulenta-pericarditis-and-pasteurella-multocida-an-extremely-rare-entity
#4
Raquel Ferreira, José Martins, Tiago Adrega, Sara Pinto, Sofia Nunes, Rita Pancas, Anabela Gonzaga, José Santos
Purulent pericarditis is a rare entity, defined as the presence of neutrophilic pericardial effusion which is infected by a bacterial, fungus or parasite agent. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially if patients have taken previous antibiotic therapy; on the other hand the recognition of this pathology is often made late, with the onset of severe symptoms or signs of cardiac tamponade or even only at the autopsy. The authors describe the case of a 82-year-old woman with history of extensive laceration of the right lower limb from a dog bite in July 2016, admitted to the Cardiology Department one month later for Acute Pericarditis...
April 12, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656120/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndromes-in-the-era-of-interventional-cardiology
#5
REVIEW
Riccardo Gorla, Raimund Erbel, Kim A Eagle, Eduardo Bossone
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), initially reported after cardiovascular surgery, has been described after various interventional cardiology procedures, including endovascular/thoracic aortic repair (EVAR/TEVAR), implantation of heart rhythm devices, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), electrophysiology procedures (EP), and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In these settings, a comprehensive understanding of the triggers, pathogenesis as well as a common diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm is lacking and will be discussed in this review...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652277/factors-associated-with-delayed-cardiac-tamponade-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Edgar Hernández Leiva, Marisol Carreño, Fernando Rada Bucheli, Alberto Cadena Bonfanti, Juan Pablo Umaña, Rodolfo José Dennis
Context: Cardiac tamponade (CT) following cardiac surgery is a potentially fatal complication and the cause of surgical reintervention in 0.1%-6% of cases. There are two types of CT: acute, occurring within the first 48 h postoperatively, and subacute or delayed, which occurs more than 48 h postoperatively. The latter does not show specific clinical signs, which makes it more difficult to diagnose. The factors associated with acute CT (aCT) are related to coagulopathy or surgical bleeding, while the variables associated with subacute tamponade have not been well defined...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650328/-cardiac-manifestations-in-the-acute-phase-of-kawasaki-disease-in-a-third-level-children-s-hospital-in-mexico-city
#7
Luis Martín Garrido-García, Rocío Alejandra Peña-Juárez, Marco Antonio Yamazaki-Nakashimada
OBJECTIVES: To describe the cardiac manifestations in the acute phase of patients with Kawasaki disease treated in a third level Children's hospital in Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with a diagnosis of Kawasaki disease treated in this hospital from August 1995 to December 2016. Information included patient demographics, clinical features, treatment used, electrocardiographic findings, extra-coronary echocardiographic findings, and the development of coronary artery aneurysms in the acute phase of the disease...
April 9, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644294/isolated-right-atrial-appendage-rupture-following-blunt-chest-trauma
#8
Rakesh Hegde, Nathan Lafayette, Michael Sywak, Gregory Ricketts, Jorge Otero, Scott Kurtzman, Zhongqiu Zhang
Background: Right sided tears or rupture are the most common injury to the heart after blunt chest trauma. The majority of these injuries are to the thin walled atrium. Reports of localized right atrial appendage rupture are rare. The classical features of Beck's triad are unreliable in the trauma bay. With the advent of EFAST (Focused assessment with sonography for trauma extended to thorax), Beck's triad should be considered but not used as the primary clinical tool for diagnosis of cardiac tamponade [1]...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628470/a-rare-case-of-rush-progression-of-purulent-pericarditis-by-escherichia-coli-in-a-patient-with-malignant-lymphoma
#9
Shunpei Horii, Hirotaka Yada, Kei Ito, Ayumu Osaki, Atsushi Sato, Toyokazu Kimura, Risako Yasuda, Takumi Toya, Takayuki Namba, Nobuyuki Masaki, Takeshi Adachi
Purulent pericarditis is a rare disease in the antibiotic era. The common pathogens of purulent pericarditis are gram-positive species such as Staphylococcus aureus. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella, Haemophilus, fungal pathogens/tuberculosis can also result in purulent pericarditis. We report an old male case of purulent pericarditis by Escherichia coli. He came to our hospital suffering from leg edema for 3 months. Echocardiography revealed the large amount of pericardial effusion, and he was admitted to test the cause of pericardial effusion without high fever, tachycardia, and shock vital signs...
April 6, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624870/characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#10
Shumin Yan, Mengtao Li, Hui Wang, Xiaoxi Yang, Jiuliang Zhao, Qian Wang, Yongtai Liu, Jinzhi Lai, Zhuang Tian, Hui Song, Yan Zhao, Xiaofeng Zeng
AIM: To describe baseline characteristics of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with right heart catheterization (RHC)-confirmed pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and explore risk factors for PAH in pSS. METHODS: This case-control study included consecutive patients hospitalized with pSS-PAH from 2007 to 2015, and pSS patients without PAH (in a 4 : 1 ratio) as controls. All patients fulfilled the 2002 American-European Consensus Group classification criteria for pSS-PAH was defined according to RHC-based European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society guidelines...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619581/approach-to-undifferentiated-dyspnea-in-emergency-department-aids-in-rapid-clinical-decision-making
#11
Siva Nageswara Rao Guttikonda, Kiran Vadapalli
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and management of patients presenting with acute dyspnea is one of the major challenges for physicians in emergency department (ED). A correct diagnosis is frequently delayed and difficult to ascertain, and clinical uncertainty is common, explaining the need for rapid diagnosis and a management plan. The primary aim of our study is to assess a diagnostic strategy using multiorgan point of care ultrasonography (USG) to differentiate patients presenting with acute dyspnea to ED into different diagnostic categories for timely management in a resource-limited setting...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618325/chylopericardium-in-a-child-with-iga-nephropathy-a-case-report
#12
Yu-Lin Kang, Yun Cui, Ying Wu, Shen Hao, Xin-Yu Kuang, Yu-Cai Zhang, Wen-Yan Huang, Guang-Hua Zhu
BACKGROUND: Chylopericardium effusion is characterized by the accumulation of milky effusion in the pericardium. It is often idiopathic but it can be secondary to trauma, chest radiation, tuberculosis and malignancy. If cardiac tamponade ensues, it becomes life-threatening. Herein we describe chylopericardium tamponade in a child with IgA nephropathy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of chylopericardium tamponade in IgA nephropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6 years old boy with IgA nephropathy presented with dyspnea, orthopnea, pretibial pitting edema, ascites and fever...
April 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609227/-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-interrupted-inferior-vena-cava-with-azygous-continuation
#13
Q Xu, H X Sun, J S Xie, J L Wang, Q Y Pei, X H Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of interrupted of the inferior vena cava with azygous continuation and the prognosis. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 21 fetuses diagnosed with interrupted inferior vena cava with azygous continuation among 28 567 pregnant women who underwent routine ultrasound scan. The clinical data, ultrasonographic features, genetic information and prognosis were collected. Results: Interrupted of the inferior vena cava with azygous continuation occurred in 21(0.07%, 21/28 567) of 28 567 patients...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607226/prevention-of-high-dose-cytosine-arabinoside-induced-acute-pericarditis-with-preemptive-dexamethasone-administration-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Weerapat Owattanapanich, Theera Ruchutrakool
Pericarditis/pericardial effusion (PC/PEEF) is a rare but fatal complication of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C). We report an acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patient who developed massive pericardial effusion after a second Ara-C exposure. As Ara-C was most beneficial in controlling the leukemia, she was treated with a further cycle of Ara-C along with dexamethasone to prevent the complication from reoccurring. No PC/PEEF was subsequently detected.
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607157/diagnostic-accuracy-of-interferon-gamma-in-pericardial-effusions-for-tuberculous-pericarditis-a-meta-analysis
#15
Chao Liu, Yun-Liang Cui, Chun-Mei Ding, Yan-Hua Wu, Hui-Li Li, Xiao-Fei Liu, Zhi-De Hu
Background: Several studies have investigated the diagnostic accuracy of tests of pericardial effusion interferon-gamma for tuberculous pericarditis in patients with pericardial effusion, but the results have varied. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of interferon-gamma for tuberculous pericarditis using meta-analysis. Methods: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched to identify studies investigating the diagnostic accuracy of tests for interferon-gamma in pericardial effusion for tuberculous pericarditis...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603477/challenges-and-limitations-in-the-diagnosis-of-atrio-esophageal-fistula
#16
Francis J Ha, Hui-Chen Han, Prashanthan Sanders, Andrew W Teh, David O'Donnell, Omar Farouque, Han S Lim
INTRODUCTION: Atrio-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a dire complication of atrial fibrillation ablation. The diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT) chest, the role and timing of repeat testing, and the value of other investigations in the diagnosis of AEF is uncertain. METHODS: We systematically reviewed published AEF cases to evaluate radiological, bedside and biochemical investigations for AEF (registered on PROSPERO [CRD42017077493]). RESULTS: Eighty-seven articles with 126 patients (median age, 59 years; male, 71%) were included in the analysis...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600129/severe-pleuritis-and-pericarditis-associated-with-very-late-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Hiroaki Ikushima, Akihiko Mitsutake, Takuto Hideyama, Tatsuya Sato, Junko Katsumata, Tomonari Seki, Risa Maekawa, Yukiko Kishida, Yasushi Shiio
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disorder, which occurs mostly in young women. However, late-onset SLE does exist and sometimes presents with an atypical, diversified course. We describe an 85-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital for lower extremity edema and hand grip weakness. Chest computed tomography scan 4 days after admission demonstrated rapid accumulation of pleural and pericardial effusions, which did not exist on admission. She was diagnosed with pleuritis and pericarditis associated with very-late-onset SLE...
March 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600099/massive-pericardial-effusion-after-nuss-procedure-to-drain-or-not-to-drain
#18
Peter S Y Yu, Vikki W K Ng, Rainbow W H Lau, Calvin S H Ng
A 11-year-old boy presented with refractory fever and dyspnoea after Nuss procedure. Massive pericardial effusion was detected on computer tomography scan performed under corticosteroid cover for his asthmatic history. With rapid clinical improvement following corticosteroids, a clinical diagnosis of post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) was made. Following a course of oral prednisolone, serial blood test and echocardiogram showed gradual resolution of inflammation and pericardial effusion. This rarely-reported case serves as a poignant reminder to PPS after Nuss procedure as a cause of febrile massive pericardial effusion...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596817/isolated-hemorrhagic-pericardial-effusion-after-foreign-body-ingestion
#19
Anna Z Fashandi, Joshua A Boys, Kenan W Yount, Ross C Buerlein, Vanessa M Shami, Gorav Ailawadi, Dustin M Walters
Foreign body ingestion is one of the many potential causes of esophageal perforation. In this case report we describe a man who presented with chest pain and was found to have an isolated hemorrhagic pericardial effusion secondary to occult ingestion and pericardial migration of a metallic foreign body. The patient had successful surgical management and has recovered well.
March 26, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592765/alternative-surgical-procedure-for-treating-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#20
Chen L Yao, Zheng L Tan, Ran Tian, Peng Miao, Xin Chen, Zheng Y Yu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of superior vena cava syndrome has been increasing in hemodialysis patients with the widespread use of dialysis catheters. Although endovascular intervention remains the primary choice for treatment, the long-term patency rate is not optimistic. Occlusive lesions are often encountered that cannot be opened using this intervention. Therefore, we chose to present this case involving a pericardial patch used to reconstruct the superior vena cava in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic superior vena cava occlusion...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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