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Pericardial effusions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231161/pleural-and-pericardial-effusion-in-a-long-term-pd-patient-a-defying-diagnosis%C3%A2
#1
Iolanda Godinho, Joana M Dias, Natacha Rodrigues, Hugo Silva, Sofia Jorge, Cristina P Abreu, José A Lopes
Peritoneopleural shunt is an uncommon complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) usually presenting early as a right pleural transudate. Peritoneopericardial shunt is an even rarer entity in PD, almost never occurring spontaneously. We present the case of a 37-year-old woman on PD for 24 months exhibiting a left pleural and pericardial effusion following pneumonia. Pleural fluid was initially compatible with an exudate with a high glucose concentration and later with a transudate. In order to clarify the suspicion of an ongoing shunt an abdominal scintigraphy was performed confirming the diagnosis of a peritoneopleuropericardial communication...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228166/long-term-results-of-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-daily-low-dose-continuous-infusion-of-5-fluorouracil-and-cisplatin-ldfp-for-stage-i-ii-esophageal-carcinoma
#2
A Kumabe, J Fukada, R Kota, N Koike, Y Shiraishi, S Seki, K Yoshida, Y Kitagawa, N Shigematsu
We investigated long-term treatment outcomes and the feasibility of chemoradiotherapy consisting of daily-low-dose 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (LDFP) chemotherapy plus radiotherapy for Stage I-II squamous cell esophageal cancer. Treatment records from the 2000 through 2008 period were reviewed retrospectively. Fractionated radiotherapy was performed with a total dose of 60 Gy delivered in 2 Gy per fraction. LDFP chemotherapy, as continuous infusion of 200 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil combined with one hour infusion of 4 mg/m2 cisplatin, was administered on the same days as radiotherapy...
December 8, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222244/cardiovascular-care-of-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-cml-on-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-tki-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Mary C Barber, Michael J Mauro, Javid Moslehi
Cardiovascular (CV) health has emerged as an important consideration in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) because of improved prognosis. Indeed, the success of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has increased the focus on survivorship and late toxicity in oncological care. Survivorship issues in this population include CV disease prevention, given its prevalence in the general population. The introduction of BCR-ABL1 TKIs represented a unique concept of indefinite cancer therapy, only recently evolving to include "treatment-free remission...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218227/lessons-learnt-from-a-case-of-missed-central-hypothyroidism
#4
Tessa Glyn, Beverley Harris, Kate Allen
We present the case of a 57-year-old lady who had a delayed diagnosis of central hypothyroidism on a background of Grave's thyrotoxicosis and a partial thyroidectomy. During the twenty years following her partial thyroidectomy, the patient developed a constellation of symptoms and new diagnoses, which were investigated by numerous specialists from various fields, namely rheumatology, renal and respiratory. She developed significantly impaired renal function and raised creatine kinase (CK). She was also referred to a tertiary neurology service for investigation of myositis, which resulted in inconclusive muscle biopsies...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205990/pericardial-drainage-and-sampling
#5
Juha Sinisalo, Jarmo Gunn
Invasive treatment of pericardial effusion comes into question when the volume of liquid in the pericardium limits the pumping action, the cause of effusion is unclear, the response to conservative treatment has been poor, or administration of a drug into the pericardium is desired. A number of surgical means or puncture techniques are available for pericardial drainage. We present the indications and modes of treatment for invasive treatment of pericardial effusion. Thrombi, pus or air may also occasionally be present in the pericardium, limiting the heart's pumping action...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205988/pericardial-fluid-assessment-and-examination
#6
Anu Turpeinen, Marja Hedman
Pericardial fluid is a common finding on echocardiography. Less than 10 mm of fluid on ultrasound scan is not necessarily associated with any significant illness. Clinical examination, blood count, renal and liver enzymes and thyroid function tests as well as inflammatory marker tests are often adequate for a patient who is in good health. A significant amount of fluid requires further investigations, especially in a symptomatic patient. Cancers, infections and various systemic diseases are the most common causes of prominent effusion...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205986/acute-pericarditis
#7
Ville Kytö, Matti Matti Niemelä
Acute pericarditis is typically associated with a viral infection. Chest pain appearing in connection with or soon after the symptoms of infection is the characteristic symptom. Diagnosis is based on the recognition of two characteristic findings (pericardial chest pain, pericardial friction rub, new ECG changes or new pericardial effusion). Medication with an anti-inflammatory analgesic for 1 to 2 weeks is the first-line treatment. A longer course of colchicine is recommended for the prevention of recurrence of the disease...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204302/parainfluenza-3-respiratory-infection-associated-with-pericardial-effusion-in-a-very-low-birthweight-infant
#8
Cristina Aranda Cazón, Luis Arruza Gómez, Gloria Herranz Carrillo, Cristina González Menchén, Zarife Daoud Pérez, José Antonio Martínez-Orgado, José Tomás Ramos Amador
Parainfluenza 3 virus is a frequent cause of respiratory infections in the pediatric population although it is uncommonly diagnosed in neonates, being usually reported as neonatal intensive care unit microepidemics. We report a case of parainfluenza 3 respiratory infection associated with pericardial effusion in a very low birthweight infant.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202555/drug-induced-by-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-as-recurrent-pericardial-effusion-after-mitral-valve-repair
#9
Aghigh Haydari, Feridoun Sabzi, Samsam Dabiri, Alireza Poormotaabed
We report a patient presented with recurrent pericardial effusion caused by drug-induced systemic lupus Erythematosus (SLE) following mitral valve repair. The surgery was complicated by hemiparesis and convulsion in early postoperative period. The patient had been received carbamazepine for a paroxysmal seizure that occurred following mitral valve repair. The post operative computed tomography showed embolic stroke and its sequel (seizure) that treated with carbamazepine. In the 3rd month of follow-up, however, hemiparesis recovered by physiotherapy but carbamazepine was not discontinued as by request of neurologist...
September 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197471/comparison-of-utilization-trends-indications-and-complications-of-endomyocardial-biopsy-in-native-versus-donor-hearts-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-2002-to-2014
#10
Vikas Singh, Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Ghanshyambhai T Savani, Alex Rodriguez, Vanessa Blumer, Sammy Elmariah, Ignacio Inglessis-Azuaje, Igor Palacios
Native heart endomyocardial biopsy (NH-EMB) is an infrequently performed procedure. The objective of this study is to describe utilization trends, indications, and complications associated with NH-EMB in the United States and compare them with transplanted heart endomyocardial biopsy (TH-EMB). Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample database, we identified 71,105 adult patients undergoing EMB in the inpatient setting in participating hospitals from 2002 to 2014. A total of 20,770 (29%) were performed on NHs (mean age 52...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191668/non-operative-management-is-feasible-for-selected-blunt-trauma-patients-with-pericardial-effusion
#11
Jen-Fu Huang, Feng-Jen Hsieh, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chien-Hung Liao
BACKGROUND: Blunt pericardial effusion (BPE) in trauma patients can be suggestive of injuries to the heart or great vessels. Surgical exploration is the mainstay of management; however, the effectiveness of non-operative management in this patient group remains unclear. METHODS: Patients presenting with BPE in the trauma registry system at our level I trauma center were reviewed. Patients with and without cardiovascular (CVS) injury were compared to identify predictors for CVS injury and to understand the factors related to the requirement for surgery...
November 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189109/monocentric-experience-of-leadless-pacing-with-focus-on-challenging-cases-for-conventional-pacemaker
#12
Christophe Garweg, Joris Ector, Gabor Voros, Adèle Greyling, Bert Vandenberk, Stefaan Foulon, Rik Willems
AIM: Leadless cardiac pacemaker has been developed to reduce complications related to cardiac pacing and is considered as an alternative to conventional pacemaker although safety and efficacy data in clinical practice are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy profile of Micra Transcatheter Pacing System (TPS) used in daily clinical activity with a focus on challenging cases for conventional pacing. METHODS: A total of 66 patients (46 men, 79...
November 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184620/large-pericardial-mass-mimicking-pericardial-effusion
#13
Shilpa Jayaprakash, Shivakumar Byrappa, S S Prakash, S Shankar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171276/pericardial-effusion-following-cardiac-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#14
Hien Sinh Nguyen, Hung Doan-Thai Nguyen, Thang Duc Vu
Background Pericardial effusion is still a common postoperative complication after open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Pericardial effusion significantly prolongs the hospital stay and associated costs as well as affecting overall outcomes after open heart surgery in Hanoi Heart Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Vietnam with an annual volume of 1000 patients. This study aimed to investigate the clinical presentation, incidence, and risk factors of postoperative pericardial effusion, which may ensure better prevention of pericardial effusion and improvement in surgical outcomes after open heart surgery...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169889/transitory-effusive-constrictive-pericarditis
#15
Silvia Paiardi, Marta Pellegrino, Francesco Cannata, Monica Bocciolone, Antonio Voza
Pericardial effusion of various sizes is a quite common clinical finding, while its progression to effusive-constrictive pericarditis occurs in about 1.4-14% of cases. Although available evidence on prevalence and prognosis of this rare pericardial syndrome is poor, apparently a considerable proportion of patients conservatively managed has a spontaneous resolution after several weeks. A 61-year-old female presented to our emergency department reporting fatigue, effort dyspnea and abdominal swelling. The echocardiography showed large pericardial effusion with initial hemodynamic impact, so she underwent a pericardiocentesis with drainage of 800-850cm(3) of exudative fluid, on which diagnostic investigations were undertaken: possible viral and bacterial infections, medical conditions, iatrogenic causes, neoplastic and connective tissue diseases were all excluded...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166722/-value-of-bedside-echocardiography-in-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment-of-in-hospital-death-for-patients-with-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#16
H J Wang, Z Y Xiao, G R Gu, Y Xue, M Shao, Z Deng, Z G Tao, C L Yao, C Y Tong
Objective: To investigate the value of bedside echocardiography in diagnosis and risk assessment of in-hospital death of patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection. Methods: The clinical data of 229 patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection diagnosed by CT angiography in Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University between January 2009 and January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into survival group(191 cases)and non-survival group(38 cases)according to presence or absence of in-hospital death...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164584/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients-with-cardiac-symptoms
#17
A Meduri, D V Di Molfetta, L Natale, R Manfredi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by widespread vascular lesions and skin and internal organs fibrosis, including the heart; all cardiac layers, endocardium, myocardium, and pericardium, may be involved. We report the relevance of cardiac MRI findings in scleroderma patients with cardiac symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 50 patients, all fulfilling the ACR SSc criteria (19 with limited and 31 with diffused skin involvement) were evaluated using a 1...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151495/acute-pericarditis-following-acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#18
Akio Nakata, Isao Aburadani, Koichirou Kontani, Satoshi Hirota
We describe the case of a 45-year-old Japanese man who developed acute pericarditis following an acute pulmonary thromboembolism. He had developed shortness of breath 7 days prior to hospitalization and was admitted with severe dyspnea. Echocardiography and laboratory results were compatible with acute pulmonary thromboembolism, which was confirmed by contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography. On the third hospital day, he experienced chest pain exacerbated by inspiration. On the fourth hospital day, his body temperature increased to 39°C and echocardiography revealed circumferential pericardial effusion...
November 17, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141727/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-india-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-presumptive-tuberculosis-patients
#19
Stefan F Weber, Kavitha Saravu, Tom Heller, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Shashidhar Vishwanath, Stephan Gehring, Sabine Bélard, And Pocus Eti Study Group
Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is challenging. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated EPTB is applied in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at evaluating the applicability of POCUS for diagnosing EPTB in HIV-positive and HIV-negative presumptive tuberculosis (TB) patients in India, a country of moderate relative TB and HIV burden. Presumptive TB patients at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India, prospectively underwent POCUS evaluating for pericardial, pleural and ascitic effusion, abdominal lymphadenopathy, and hepatic and splenic microabscesses...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141318/-ras-associated-autoimmune-leukoproliferative-disorder-a-report-of-2-cases-and-literature-review
#20
T Y He, C R Li, Y Xia, F F Liang, Y Luo, J Yang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of cases with Ras-associated autoimmune leukoproliferative disorder(RALD). Method: Characteristics of clinical data and gene mutation of the first two cases in China with RALD were retrospectively analyzed. The related literature was searched by using search terms "NRAS" , "KRAS" or "RALD" . Result: Case1, a seven-year-seven-month old girl, was admitted due to "thrombocytopenia and splenomegaly for three years" . Palpation showed enlargement of submandibular lymph nodes and hepatosplenomegaly...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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