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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551901/-the-role-of-the-plant-artemisia-in-survival-and-induction-of-apoptosis-of-b-cells-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cll
#1
Vita Mirkin, Alain Berrebi, Igor Rakhman, Michal Haran, Lev Shvidel
BACKGROUND: The cytotoxic effect of plants such as green tea and turmeric (curcumin) on B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells has been established. The plant Artemisia has been used in China for anti-cancer and anti-malaria applications. In Israel, Artemisia absinthium ("the Chiba") is used to release abdominal pain. In attempts to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of this plant in CLL cells, we prepared a decoction of Artemisia leaves and after filtration used it as an inducer of apoptosis of B CLL cells...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551744/endophytic-bacterial-and-fungal-communities-transmitted-from-cotyledons-and-germs-in-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-sprouts
#2
Yali Huang, Zaoyuan Kuang, Zujun Deng, Ren Zhang, Lixiang Cao
Seed-borne endophytes could be transmitted into sprouts. Whether this happened in peanuts and the difference between microbial taxa in peanut germs and cotyledons remain unknown. In this research, Illumina-based sequencing was employed to investigate the microbial taxa in peanut germs, cotyledons, and sprouts. Sulfur-oxidizing bacteria was isolated and inoculated into peanut sprouts, and then, the growth of peanut seedlings was measured. The results illustrated that diverse bacteria and fungi were detected in peanut germs, cotyledons, and sprouts...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551583/evaluation-of-toxic-and-genotoxic-potential-of-a-wet-gas-scrubber-effluent-obtained-from-wooden-based-biomass-furnaces-a-case-study-in-the-red-ceramic-industry-in-southern-brazil
#3
Tiago Bortolotto, Jaqueline da Silva, Alex Célio Sant'Ana, Kamila Osowski Tomazi, Reginaldo Geremias, Elídio Angioletto, Claus Tröger Pich
Red ceramic industry in southern Brazil commonly uses wood biomass as furnace fuel generating great amounts of gas emissions and ash. To avoid their impact on atmospheric environment, wet scrubbing is currently being applied in several plants. However, the water leachate formed could be potentially toxic and not managed as a common water-based effluent, since the resulting wastewater could carry many toxic compounds derived from wood pyrolysis. There is a lack of studies regarding this kind of effluent obtained specifically and strictly from wooden-based biomass furnaces...
May 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551497/reuse-of-spent-fcc-catalyst-waste-serpentine-and-kiln-rollers-waste-for-synthesis-of-cordierite-and-cordierite-mullite-ceramics
#4
A Ramezani, S M Emami, S Nemat
Spent fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) was gathered from several petrochemical plants and calcined in a rotary furnace between 1000 and 1100°C in order to remove sulphur and hydrocarbon based impurities. Calcining process on FCC led to formation of AlVO4 ceramic phase, so converted the hazardous waste to non-hazardous applicable raw material. In this study, two ceramic bodies as cordierite and cordierite-mullite were synthesized with calcined spent FCC, waste serpentine, kiln rollers waste and high grade kaolin as raw materials...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551419/potential-link-between-fruit-yield-quality-parameters-and-phytohormonal-changes-in-preharvest-uv-c-treated-strawberry
#5
Yanqun Xu, Marie Thérèse Charles, Zisheng Luo, Dominique Roussel, Daniel Rolland
Preharvest ultraviolet-C (UV-C) treatment of strawberry is a very new approach, and little information is available on the effect of this treatment on plant growth regulators. In this study, the effect of preharvest UV-C irradiations at three different doses on strawberry yield, fruit quality parameters and endogenous phytohormones was investigated simultaneously. The overall marketable yield of strawberry was not affected by the preharvest UV-C treatments, although more aborted and misshapen fruits were found in UV-C treated groups than in the untreated control...
May 19, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551193/drivers-of-choice-for-fluid-milk-versus-plant-based-alternatives-what-are-consumer-perceptions-of-fluid-milk
#6
K S McCarthy, M Parker, A Ameerally, S L Drake, M A Drake
Fluid milk consumption has declined for decades while consumption of nondairy alternatives has increased. A better understanding of why consumers purchase fluid milk or nondairy alternatives is needed to assist increased sales of milk or maintain sales without further decline. The objective of this study was to determine the extrinsic attributes that drive purchase within each product category. The second objective was to determine the personal values behind the purchase of each beverage type to give further understanding why particular attributes are important...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551111/vegetarian-on-purpose-understanding-the-motivations-of-plant-based-dieters
#7
Daniel L Rosenfeld, Anthony L Burrow
Much recent research has explored vegetarians' dietary motivations, recurrently highlighting the significant influence they exert on how people view themselves and others. For vegetarians and other plant-based dieters, dietary motivations have been theorized to be a central aspect of identity. Yet not all plant-based dieters are motivated to follow their diets; rather, some face aversions and constraints. In this paper, we propose that motivations, aversions, and constraints constitute three distinct reasons for consuming a plant-based diet...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550812/molecular-characterization-of-human-adenoviruses-in-urban-wastewaters-using-next-generation-and-sanger-sequencing
#8
M Iaconelli, B Valdazo-González, M Equestre, A R Ciccaglione, C Marcantonio, S Della Libera, G La Rosa
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are of major public health importance and are associated with a variety of clinical manifestations, including gastroenteritis, respiratory, ocular and urinary tract infections. To study the occurrence, prevalence and diversity of HAdV species and types circulating in Italy, we conducted a large-scale molecular-epidemiological investigation, a yearlong monitoring of 22 wastewater treatment plants, covering 10 Italian regions, representative of northern, central, and southern Italy...
May 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550783/occurrence-distribution-and-bioaccumulation-behaviour-of-hydrophobic-organic-contaminants-in-a-large-scale-constructed-wetland-in-singapore
#9
Qian Wang, Barry C Kelly
This study involved a field-based investigation to assess the occurrence, distribution and bioaccumulation behaviour of hydrophobic organic contaminants in a large-scale constructed wetland. Samples of raw leachate, water and wetland plants, Typha angustifolia, were collected for chemical analysis. Target contaminants included polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCP), as well as several halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) and personal care products (triclosan and synthetic musks). In addition to PCBs and OCPs, synthetic musks, triclosan (TCS) and dechlorane plus stereoisomers (syn- and anti-DPs) were frequently detected...
May 20, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550780/dioxin-in-the-river-elbe
#10
Rainer Götz, Michael Bergemann, Burkhard Stachel, Gunther Umlauf
This paper provides a macro-analysis of the dioxin contamination in the river Elbe from the 1940s to the present. Based on different data sets, the historic dioxin concentration in the Elbe has been reconstructed. For the section between the tributary Mulde and Hamburg, during the 1940s, we find a concentration of about 1500 pg WHO-TEQ g(-1). We argue that this dioxin contamination was caused mainly by emissions from a magnesium plant in Bitterfeld-Wolfen, whose effluents were discharged into a tributary of the river Mulde which flows into the Elbe...
May 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550728/quantification-of-nitrous-oxide-in-wastewater-based-on-salt-induced-stripping
#11
Pascal Kosse, Manfred Lübken, Torsten C Schmidt, Marc Wichern
Monitoring nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from wastewater treatment plants has attracted much attention in recent years demanding accurate and rapid quantification methods. In the present study a salt-assisted methodology is proposed by which N2O is chemically stripped out from wastewater and quantified by gas chromatography (GC-TCD) subsequently. Eight different inorganic salts have been evaluated for this purpose, likewise the application of ultrasound. By addition of sodium bromide (NaBr) the best recovery rate of about 98% (=1...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550475/treatment-trends-determinants-and-survival-of-partial-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-stage-i-renal-cell-carcinoma-results-from-the-national-cancer-data-base-2004-2013
#12
Kyle Plante, Telisa M Stewart, Dongliang Wang, Gennady Bratslavsky, Margaret Formica
OBJECTIVE: To provide updated treatment trends, determinants, and survival of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) across the USA. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) participant user file from 2004 to 2013. The NCDB captures approximately 70% of all newly diagnosed cancer cases each year. STUDY DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for RN overall. Kaplan-Meier, multivariable Cox regression, and log-rank test were used to characterize patient survival...
May 26, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550412/differential-expression-of-poplar-sucrose-nonfermenting1-related-protein-kinase-2-genes-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-abscisic-acid
#13
Xiang Yu, Arika Takebayashi, Taku Demura, Misato Ohtani
Knowledge on the responses of woody plants to abiotic stress can inform strategies to breed improved tree varieties and to manage tree species for environmental conservation and the production of lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, we examined the expression patterns of poplar (Populus trichocarpa) genes encoding members of the sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family, which are core components of the abiotic stress response. The P. trichocarpa genome contains twelve SnRK2 genes (PtSnRK2...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550408/bacillus-pumilus-strain-yspmk11-as-plant-growth-promoter-and-bicontrol-agent-against-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum
#14
Manoj Kaushal, Ajay Kumar, Rajesh Kaushal
A study was executed in a direction to attenuate Sclerotinia stalk rot (SSR) disease through biocontrol agent and also to enhance crop productivity. Culture filtrate of bacterial strain YSPMK11 inhibited growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in vitro which also exhibited higher plant growth promoting attributes. Interaction studies revealed maximum (81.50%) growth inhibition at 35 °C and pH 7.0 after 72 h incubation period with 15% culture filtrate. Based upon 16S rRNA gene sequence strain, YSPMK11 was identified as Bacillus pumilus...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550151/evolutionary-footprints-reveal-insights-into-plant-microrna-biogenesis
#15
Uciel Chorostecki, Belen Moro, Arantxa L M Rojas, Juan M Debernardi, Arnaldo L Schapire, Cedric Notredame, Javier Palatnik
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs that recognize target sequences by base complementarity and play a role in the regulation of target gene expression. They are processed from longer precursor molecules that harbor a fold-back structure. Plant miRNA precursors are quite variable in size and shape, and are recognized by the processing machinery in different ways. However, ancient miRNAs and their binding sites in target genes are conserved during evolution. Here, we designed a strategy to systematically analyze MIRNAs from different species generating a graphical representation of the conservation of the primary sequence and secondary structure...
May 26, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549856/three-decades-of-managing-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus-in-peanut-in-southeastern-united-states
#16
REVIEW
R Srinivasan, M R Abney, A K Culbreath, R C Kemerait, R S Tubbs, W S Monfort, H R Pappu
Southeastern states namely Georgia, Florida, and Alabama produce two-thirds of the peanuts in the United States. Thrips-transmitted Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), which causes spotted wilt disease, has been a major impediment to peanut production for the past three decades. The cultivars grown in the 1980s were extremely susceptible to TSWV. Early yield losses extended to tens of millions of dollars each year (up to 100% loss in many fields). This situation led to the creation of an interdisciplinary team known as "SWAT: Spotted Wilt Action Team"...
May 23, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549621/let-the-core-microbiota-be-functional
#17
REVIEW
Philippe Lemanceau, Manuel Blouin, Daniel Muller, Yvan Moënne-Loccoz
The microbial community that is systematically associated with a given host plant is called the core microbiota. The definition of the core microbiota was so far based on its taxonomic composition, but we argue that it should also be based on its functions. This so-called functional core microbiota encompasses microbial vehicles carrying replicators (genes) with essential functions for holobiont (i.e., plant plus microbiota) fitness. It builds up from enhanced horizontal transfers of replicators as well as from ecological enrichment of their vehicles...
May 23, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549286/long-term-heavy-metal-removal-by-a-constructed-wetland-treating-rainfall-runoff-from-a-motorway
#18
Laurence W Gill, Pamela Ring, Brian Casey, Neil M P Higgins, Paul M Johnston
The accumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in the sediment and plants growing in a constructed wetland used to treat highway runoff in Ireland has been quantified after 6 and 9year periods of operation. The spatial distribution of the metals' deposition showed strong evidence of flow channelling through the wetland with a strong correlation between the spatial accumulation, particularly for Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn with most of these metals deposited towards the front of the wetland in the sediment...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549260/identification-of-oral-cavity-biofilm-forming-bacteria-and-determination-of-their-growth-inhibition-by-acacia-arabica-tamarix-aphylla-l-and-melia-azedarach-l-medicinal-plants
#19
Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Zahid Ali Butt, Muhammad Hamayun, Ayaz Ahmad, Danfeng Huang, Anwar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: Biofilms are complex, multi-species bacterial communities that colonize the oral cavity in the form of plaque and are known to cause dental caries and periodontal disease. Present study demonstrated the potential of three selected medicinal plants against isolated and identified dental biofilm forming strains. METHODS: Pathogenic bacteria from dental biofilms were isolated, cultured, identified by phylogenetic analysis using PCR-based 16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) nucleotide sequences and were analyzed for their biofilm forming capability...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549209/genotypic-correlation-and-path-analysis-in-early-and-super-early-maize-genotypes
#20
B M Alves, A Cargnelutti Filho
The aims of this study were to assess the linear relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits and to identify promising traits for indirect selection in early and super-early maturing maize genotypes. Two trials were run in the 2009/2010 agricultural year, each consisting of a randomized block design with three replications. One trial was run on 36 early maturing maize genotypes and the other on 22 super-early maturing genotypes. Six agronomic traits, 11 protein-nutritional traits, and four energetic-nutritional traits were measured...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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