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Old age depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745523/affective-temperaments-mood-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#1
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Stanisławiak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged between 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population. METHODS: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744971/predicted-factors-for-older-taiwanese-to-be-healthy-octogenarians-results-of-an-18-year-national-cohort-study
#2
Wei-Chung Hsu, Alan C Tsai, Yu-Chia Chen, Jiun-Yi Wang
AIM: To identify factors that predict the 62-69 years old Taiwanese to be healthy octogenarians. METHODS: We analyzed the 1989 (baseline), and 2003 and 2007 (end-point) datasets of the Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging, a national cohort study. A total of 1977 participants aged 62-69 years at baseline were tracked for 14-18 years. The outcome measure was "being healthy octogenarians", defined as participants who were aged ≥80 years, free from activities of daily living dependency, depressive symptoms or cognitive impairment, and able to provide social support...
July 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743479/integrating-heart-rate-variability-vital-signs-electrocardiogram-and-troponin-to-triage-chest-pain-patients-in-the-ed
#3
Jeffrey Tadashi Sakamoto, Nan Liu, Zhi Xiong Koh, Dagang Guo, Micah Liam Arthur Heldeweg, Janson Cheng Ji Ng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Current triage methods for chest pain patients typically utilize symptoms, electrocardiogram (ECG), and vital sign data, requiring interpretation by dedicated triage clinicians. In contrast, we aimed to create a quickly obtainable model integrating the objective parameters of heart rate variability (HRV), troponin, ECG, and vital signs to improve accuracy and efficiency of triage for chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Adult patients presenting to the ED with chest pain from September 2010 to July 2015 were conveniently recruited...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738070/determinants-associated-with-deprivation-in-multimorbid-patients-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#4
Silja Leiser, Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, A Alexandra N'Goran, Jérôme Pasquier, Sven Streit, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Andreas Zeller, Dagmar M Haller, Lilli Herzig, Patrick Bodenmann
BACKGROUND: Deprivation usually encompasses material, social, and health components. It has been shown to be associated with greater risks of developing chronic health conditions and of worse outcome in multimorbidity. The DipCare questionnaire, an instrument developed and validated in Switzerland for use in primary care, identifies patients subject to potentially higher levels of deprivation. OBJECTIVES: To identifying determinants of the material, social, and health profiles associated with deprivation in a sample of multimorbid, primary care patients, and thus set priorities in screening for deprivation in this population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737414/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-depression-and-physical-morbidity-the-role-of-subjective-age
#5
Dikla Segel-Karpas, Yuval Palgi, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to examine whether the reciprocal effects of physical morbidity and depression are moderated by subjective age-that is, individuals' perception of themselves as young or old. METHOD: Data from the first two waves of the Midlife in the United States study (1995-6, T1; 2004-6, T2; http://midus.wisc.edu/) were analyzed using a cross-lagged design. We assessed 3,591 individuals who participated in both waves and provided full data on all the relevant variables (mean age at T1 = 47...
July 24, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#6
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734770/when-did-old-age-stop-being-depressing-depression-trajectories-of-older-americans-and-britons-2002-2012
#7
Gindo Tampubolon, Asri Maharani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the implications of the heterogeneous cohort composition on depression trajectories of older adults in the United States and England. METHODS: Using growth curve models to identify depressive symptom trajectories and data spanning six waves over 10 years (2002-2012) from the U.S. Health Retirement Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, community-dwelling Americans and Britons aged 50 years and older were studied...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729011/iranian-brief-pain-inventory-validation-and-application-in-elderly-people-with-cancer-pain
#8
Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Farshad Sharifi, Mohamad Esmaeil Akbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Marjan Haghi
CONTEXT: Cancer is a major health problem in the elderly, and pain is one of the most common symptoms among older patients with cancer. Sufficient pain treatments depend on the accuracy of the pain assessment tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-IR) among elderly individuals with cancer. METHODS: This validation study was conducted with 368 people aged 60+ years old who were undergoing oncology treatments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727115/the-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-as-a-key-regulator-of-neural-function-and-the-stress-response-implications-for-human-and-animal-health
#9
N C Wiley, T G Dinan, R P Ross, C Stanton, G Clarke, J F Cryan
The brain-gut-microbiota axis comprises an extensive communication network between the brain, the gut, and the microbiota residing there. Development of a diverse gut microbiota is vital for multiple features of behavior and physiology, as well as many fundamental aspects of brain structure and function. Appropriate early-life assembly of the gut microbiota is also believed to play a role in subsequent emotional and cognitive development. If the composition, diversity, or assembly of the gut microbiota is impaired, this impairment can have a negative impact on host health and lead to disorders such as obesity, diabetes, inflammatory diseases, and even potentially neuropsychiatric illnesses, including anxiety and depression...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724018/different-patterns-of-social-support-perceived-and-their-association-with-physical-hypertension-diabetes-or-mental-diseases-in-the-context-of-primary-health-care
#10
Ellen Ingrid Souza Aragão, Flávia Batista Portugal, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Sandra Lúcia Correia Lima Fortes
This work discusses the relationship between hypertension, diabetes, anxiety, depression, and social support in primary health care. This research aimed to identify the association between physical disease, mental disease, support network and perceived social support in the research sample. This is a cross-sectional study inserted in a larger research project funded by the Pan American Health Organization and carried out in 2002 in Petrópolis, RJ. The sample consisted of 714 patients with ages ranging from 18 to 65 years old...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721431/depressive-symptoms-falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-old-korean-adults-the-korean-longitudinal-study-on-health-and-aging-klosha
#11
Y Park, N-J Paik, K W Kim, H-C Jang, J-Y Lim
Fall is a common cause of disability and death in old adults, and much research has been focused on identifying risk factors and developing preventive measures. Yet the majority of preceding research has been focused on physical performance. This study aims to evaluate the association between fall and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly. Cross-sectional data of 431 men and 546 women was collected from old Korean adults living in Seongnam, Korea. Geriatric fall assessment was conducted by self-report questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721126/the-thyroid-gland-in-postmenopausal-women-physiology-and-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Małgorzata Gietka-Czernel
The incidence of most thyroid diseases: hypothyroidism, nodular goitre, and cancer is highest among postmenopausal and elderly women. The diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction in this group of patients is difficult because the symptoms can be nonspecific or common with menopausal and ageing complaints. In the interpretation of thyroid function tests the physiological changes in secretion and metabolism of thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormones must be considered, as well as the influence of comorbidities. Unrecognised thyroid dysfunction leads to increased: cardiovascular risk, bone fractures, cognitive impairment, depression, and mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718394/multiple-possible-inaccuracies-cast-doubt-on-a-recent-report-suggesting-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-to-be-toxic-and-ineffective
#13
Fredrik Hieronymus, Alexander Lisinski, Jakob Näslund, Elias Eriksson
According to a systematic review on the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in adult depression that was recently published in BMC Psychiatry, the results of which have been widely disseminated in lay media, these drugs increase the risk for serious adverse events (SAEs) while exerting poor antidepressant efficacy. A cursory analysis, however, suggests the analysis of SAEs conducted by the authors to be marred by both methodological inaccuracies and blatant errors. After having corrected for these apparent mistakes, we conducted a sensitivity analysis in which we also accounted for a possible moderating effect of age; while this suggests SSRIs to be safe drugs in the non-elderly, they do confirm what is already known, that is, that they may enhance the risk for SAEs in the old...
July 18, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#14
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705225/the-impact-of-social-engagement-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-in-old-age-evidence-from-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-germany
#15
André Hajek, Christian Brettschneider, Tina Mallon, Annette Ernst, Silke Mamone, Birgitt Wiese, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Janine Stein, Tobias Luck, Horst Bickel, Dagmar Weeg, Michael Wagner, Kathrin Heser, Wolfgang Maier, Martin Scherer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Thus far, only a few longitudinal studies investigated the impact of social engagement on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depressive symptoms in old age. Therefore, we aimed to examine the impact of social engagement on HRQoL and depressive symptoms in late life. METHODS: Individuals aged 75 years and over at baseline were interviewed every 1.5 years in a multicenter prospective cohort study in Germany. While HRQoL was quantified by using the Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) of the EQ-5D instrument, depressive symptoms was assessed by using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
July 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705022/evaluation-of-dose-and-outcomes-for-pediatric-vilazodone-ingestions
#16
Christopher E Gaw, Henry A Spiller, Jason L Russell, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposures among children younger than 6 years of age are generally well tolerated. Vilazodone is an SSRI with partial agonism at the 5-HT1A receptor with demonstrated clinical efficacy for depression whose off-label usage is likely to increase. Recent evidence suggests that unintentional ingestion of vilazodone in children under 6 years old is associated with more severe clinical effects than other SSRIs. We chose to evaluate dose and outcomes for pediatric vilazodone ingestions...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700667/age-dependent-differential-regulation-of-anxiety-and-depression-related-behaviors-by-neurabin-and-spinophilin
#17
Huiying Wu, Christopher Cottingham, Liping Chen, Hongxia Wang, Pulin Che, Kexiang Liu, Qin Wang
Affective disorders impact nearly 10% of the adult population in the United States in a given year. Synaptic dysfunction has recently emerged as a key neurobiological mechanism underlying affective disorders such as anxiety and depression. In this study, we investigate the potential role of two synaptic scaffolding proteins, neurabin and spinophilin, in regulating anxiety- and depression-related behaviors at different ages using genetically deficient mice. Loss of the neurabin gene reduces anxiety-like behavior in the elevated zero maze in young adult mice (3-5 months old), but not in middle aged mice (11-13 months old), whereas loss of spinophilin decreases anxiety in middle-aged mice, but not in young adult mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699000/nature-diversity-and-well-being-in-old-age
#18
Merja Rantakokko, Kirsi E Keskinen, Katja Kokko, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: The research aim was to study the associations of nature diversity with quality of life (QoL) and depressive symptoms among older people, and whether physical activity explains the associations. METHODS: Community-dwelling people aged 75-90 years (n = 848) living in Central Finland were interviewed in their homes. QoL was assessed with a short version of the World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Assessment (range 0-130, higher score indicates better QoL) and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (range 0-30, higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms)...
July 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694775/yoga-meditation-and-mind-body-health-increased-bdnf-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-inflammatory-marker-expression-after-a-3-month-yoga-and-meditation-retreat
#19
B Rael Cahn, Matthew S Goodman, Christine T Peterson, Raj Maturi, Paul J Mills
Thirty-eight individuals (mean age: 34.8 years old) participating in a 3-month yoga and meditation retreat were assessed before and after the intervention for psychometric measures, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), circadian salivary cortisol levels, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Participation in the retreat was found to be associated with decreases in self-reported anxiety and depression as well as increases in mindfulness. As hypothesized, increases in the plasma levels of BDNF and increases in the magnitude of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) were also observed...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691735/prenatal-maternal-cortisol-measures-predict-learning-and-short-term-memory-performance-in-3-but-not-5-month-old-infants
#20
Laura A Thompson, Gin Morgan, Cynthia A Unger, LeeAnna A Covey
Little is known about relations between maternal prenatal stress and specific cognitive processes-learning and memory-in infants. A modified crib-mobile task was employed in a longitudinal design to test relations between maternal prenatal cortisol, prenatal subjective stress and anxiety, psychosocial variables, and learning and memory in 3- and 5-month-old infants. Results revealed that maternal prenatal cortisol was affected by particular psychosocial variables (e.g., maternal age, whether or not the infant's grandmother provided childcare, financial status), but was unrelated to measures of maternal depression, anxiety, and stress...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
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