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Old age depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343226/binge-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-among-females-of-child-bearing-age-the-korea-nurses-health-study
#1
O Kim, M S Kim, J Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. METHODS: Participants were 7,267 female nurses, of which 502 had symptoms of BED...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338344/reappraisal-inventiveness-impact-of-appropriate-brain-activation-during-efforts-to-generate-alternative-appraisals-on-the-perception-of-chronic-stress-in-women
#2
Corinna M Perchtold, Andreas Fink, Christian Rominger, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Günter Schulter, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ilona Papousek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research indicated that more left-lateralized prefrontal activation during cognitive reappraisal efforts was linked to a greater capacity for generating reappraisals, which is a prerequisite for the effective implementation of cognitive reappraisal in everyday life. The present study examined whether the supposedly appropriate brain activation is relevant in terms of more distal outcomes, i.e., chronic stress perception. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prefrontal EEG alpha asymmetry was recorded while female participants were generating reappraisals for stressful events and was correlated with their self-reported chronic stress levels in everyday life (n = 80)...
January 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338321/are-wishes-for-death-or-suicidal-ideation-symptoms-of-depression-in-older-adults
#3
Rebecca C Rossom, Greg E Simon, Karen J Coleman, Arne Beck, Malia Oliver, Christine Stewart, Brian Ahmedani
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians may question whether thoughts of being better off dead are normal consequences of aging or symptoms of depression. We examine whether thoughts of suicide are as strongly linked to depression severity in older adults as they are in other age groups. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort study. Participants included 509,945 outpatients >18 years old from four large integrated healthcare systems in the Mental Health Research Network who completed 1...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336857/identifying-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-stiffness-after-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
S B Dowdle, Nicholas A Bedard, Jessell M Owens, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Although there are several studies concerning manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) after primary total knee arthroplasty, there is a paucity of literature evaluating MUA after revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, timing, and risk factors associated with MUA after rTKA. METHODS: The Humana database was reviewed from 2007 to 2015 for all patients who underwent rTKA. Patients who underwent rTKA followed by ipsilateral MUA were identified...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335033/should-capacity-assessments-be-performed-routinely-prior-to-discussing-advance-care-planning-with-older-people
#5
Oleg Kiriaev, Emme Chacko, J D Jurgens, Meagan Ramages, Phillipa Malpas, Gary Cheung
BACKGROUND: People with dementia receive worse end of life care compared to those with cancer. Barriers to undertaking advanced care planning (ACP) in people with dementia include the uncertainty about their capacity to engage in such discussions. The primary aim of this study was to compare the Advance Care Planning-Capacity Assessment Vignette tool (ACP-CAV) with a semi-structured interview adapted from the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T). The secondary aim was to identify demographic and cognitive functioning variables that may predict whether a person has capacity to discuss ACP...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335030/preschool-psychiatric-disorders-homotypic-and-heterotypic-continuity-through-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#6
Megan C Finsaas, Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Many preschool-age children meet criteria for psychiatric disorders, and rates approach those observed in later childhood and adolescence. However, there is a paucity of longitudinal research examining the outcomes of preschool diagnoses. METHODS: Families with a 3-year-old child (N = 559) were recruited from the community. Primary caregivers were interviewed using the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment when children were 3 years old (n = 541), and, along with children, using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime Version when children were 9 and 12 years old...
January 16, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#7
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334228/use-of-ect-in-the-presence-of-acute-bilateral-posterior-vitreous-detachmanet
#8
Tesema Taye, Letitia Dobranici, Mark Fisher, Sarah Cullum
OBJECTIVES: We describe a case of acute bilateral posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in a 71-year-old female, which developed during a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for treatment-resistant depression. The risks and benefits of continuing ECT were assessed and the patient completed the full course of 16 ECT treatments without further ophthalmic complications. CONCLUSIONS: As the incidence of PVD increases with age, and ECT is used more frequently in elderly people with depression, we recommend paying attention to ophthalmic symptoms as part of the routine clinical monitoring of ECT side effects...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332036/relationships-between-lower-olfaction-and-brain-white-matter-lesions-in-elderly-subjects-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#9
Juliette Heinrich, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Axelle Simon, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Olivier Hanon, Jacques Epelbaum, Cecile Viollet, Emmanuelle Duron
BACKGROUND: Olfactory impairment is reported in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is associated with hippocampal atrophy. In elderly people, dementia with AD neuropathology and white matter lesions (WML) is common. In this context, olfactory impairment could also depend on the presence of WML. OBJECTIVE: To assess the cross-sectional relationship between olfaction and WML in elderly subjects with MCI. METHODS: Consecutive subjects, >65 years old, diagnosed as MCI after a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in an expert memory center, with a brain MRI performed within a year and without major depressive state, were included...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331695/depression-and-playfulness-in-fathers-and-young-infants-a-matched-design-comparison-study
#10
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Olivia Edmondson, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of some adverse child developmental outcomes. One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of risk is through the negative effects of depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. So far, evidence indicates that depressed fathers tend to be more withdrawn in their early interactions. However, the interaction dimensions studied to date may not be able to detect and accurately classify unique features of father-infant play - including physically stimulating and highly rousing episodes of play...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325011/cognitive-complaints-in-memory-clinic-patients-and-in-depressive-patients-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#11
Lisa Miebach, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Ingo Frommann, Klaus Fließbach, Frank Jessen, Rachel Buckley, Michael Wagner
Background and Objectives: Cognitive complaints are discussed as early signs of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, they are also very common in cognitively normal older adults and in patients with depression. Qualitative, interview-based approaches might be useful to identify those features of cognitive complaints specific for the experiences of cognitive decline in preclinical or prodromal AD versus those complaints typically reported by depressed patients. Research Design and Methods: A semi-structured interview was administered to 21 cognitively normal older adults (HC), 18 nondemented memory clinic patients (MC), and 11 patients with a major depression (MD), all above 55 years...
January 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316850/demographics-and-clinical-characteristics-of-primary-lateral-sclerosis-case-series-and-a-review-of-literature
#12
Ramnath Santosh Ramanathan, Sandeep Rana
AIM: Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a form of motor neuron disease involving only upper motor neurons. In some patients presenting as PLS, the disease progresses to involve lower motor neurons and thereby converting to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, pure forms of PLS do exist. Our aim was to study epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pure PLS patients treated at our neuromuscular clinic. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients from July 2011 to October 2014 with PLS treated at the neuromuscular disorder clinic at our hospital...
January 10, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#13
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313171/gender-effect-on-well-being-of-the-oldest-old-a-survey-of-nonagenarians-living-in-tuscany-the-mugello-study
#14
Luca Padua, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Daniele Coraci, Isabella Imbimbo, Alessandro Giordani, Claudia Loreti, Camillo Marra, Raffaello Molino-Lova, Guido Pasquini, Ilaria Simonelli, Federica Vannetti, Claudio Macchi
The population of industrialized nations is progressively aging, with Italy having one of the most elderly populations in the world. Natural aging may be associated with physical and cognitive impairments, often straining public resources. The present study aims to investigate the influence of gender on wellness of the nonagenarians. We evaluated quality of life among nonagenarians living in the Mugello area, an Italian location with a large population of individuals > 90 years, using the Health Survey Scoring SF-12...
January 8, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306773/midlife-stress-alters-memory-and-mood-related-behaviors-in-old-age-role-of-locally-activated-glucocorticoids
#15
Nicola Wheelan, Christopher J Kenyon, Anjanette P Harris, Carolynn Cairns, Emad Al Dujaili, Jonathan R Seckl, Joyce L W Yau
Chronic exposure to stress during midlife associates with subsequent age-related cognitive decline and may increase the vulnerability to develop psychiatric conditions. Increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity has been implicated in pathogenesis though any causative role for glucocorticoids is unestablished. This study investigated the contribution of local glucocorticoid regeneration by the intracellular enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), in persisting midlife stress-induced behavioral effects in mice...
December 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304750/lower-body-functioning-and-correlates-among-older-american-indians-the-cerebrovascular-disease-and-its-consequences-in-american-indians-study
#16
R Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P Verney, Barbara V Howard, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in this population are poorly understood. Our study aimed to assess lower body functioning and identify the prevalence and correlates of "good" functioning in a multi-tribe, community-based sample of older American Indians. METHODS: Assessments used the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304385/is-maternal-depression-related-to-mother-and-adolescent-reports-of-family-functioning
#17
J Carola Pérez, Soledad Coo, Matías Irarrázaval
While adolescent-parent disagreements about family functioning are common, they may also be indicative of family members' health problems and may compromise adolescent adjustment. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms and family functioning perceptions, considering both the adolescents' and their mothers' points of view. A sample of 943 Chilean dyads of adolescents (69% female, Mage = 14.43 years old) and their mothers (Mage = 43.20 years) reported their perceptions of family cohesion and adaptability...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304081/trajectories-of-aggressive-and-depressive-symptoms-in-male-and-female-overweight-children-do-they-share-a-common-path-or-do-they-follow-different-routes
#18
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Michela Erriu, Stanislav Jezek, Carlos A Almenara, Renata Tambelli
The prevalence of childhood overweight is a major social and public health issue, and primary assessment should focus on early and middle childhood, because weight gain in these phases constitutes a strong predictor of subsequent negative outcomes. Studies on community samples have shown that growth curves may follow linear or non-linear trajectories from early to middle childhood, and can differ based on sex. Overweight children may exhibit a combination of physiological and psychosocial issues, and several studies have demonstrated an association between overweight and internalizing/externalizing behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303393/high-risk-prescribing-to-medicaid-enrollees-receiving-opioid-analgesics-individual-and-county-level-factors
#19
Sara E Heins, Mark J Sorbero, Christopher M Jones, Andrew W Dick, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid overdoses have increased dramatically in recent years, with the highest rates among Medicaid enrollees. High-risk prescribing includes practices associated with overdoses and a range of additional opioid-related problems. OBJECTIVES: To identify individual- and county-level factors associated with high-risk prescribing among Medicaid enrollees receiving opioids. METHODS: In a four-states, cross-sectional claims data study, Medicaid enrollees 18-64 years old with a new opioid analgesic treatment episode 2007-2009 were identified...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300421/validity-of-the-self-mini-nutritional-assessment-self-mna-for-the-evaluation-of-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-general-practice
#20
L M Donini, W Marrocco, C Marocco, A Lenzi
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a frequent condition in the elderly especially in hospitals and in nursing homes, and even among the free-living elders the prevalence is not negligible (5-10%). Awareness towards malnutrition is still limited. The lack of time for nutritional assessment by the overcommitted healthcare personnel, including the general practitioners (GPs), may represent one possible explanation for limited recognition of malnutrition. Therefore, a self-administered instrument could be useful in raising alert on the GPs and allow early detection of malnutrition and early care provision...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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