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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933889/codevelopment-of-well-being-and-self-esteem-in-romantic-partners-disentangling-the-effects-of-mutual-influence-and-shared-environment
#2
Ulrich Orth, Ruth Yasemin Erol, Thomas Ledermann, Alexander Grob
Common sense suggests that romantic partners tend to be interdependent in their well-being and self-esteem. The authors tested the degree to which codevelopment in romantic partners (i.e., development in similar directions) is due to mutual influence between partners or due to the effects of shared environment, using longitudinal data from 5 samples of couples (N = 4,116 participants). The samples included dating, cohabiting, and married couples, with a broad age range covering young adulthood to old age. The authors used a longitudinal version of the actor-partner interdependence model and examined measures of well-being (life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, and depression) and self-esteem...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931972/relationship-of-health-sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-and-life-satisfaction-in-young-old-and-old-old-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#3
Jin-Won Noh, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Min Hee Kim, Young Dae Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of health, sociodemographic, and economic factors and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old elderly groups. [Subjects and Methods] In the 2012 data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 4,134 of the final survey subjects aged 65 or older were analyzed. Multivaribale linear regression was performed to examine the degrees of explanatory power as factors (health, sociodemographic, and economic) in young-old (65 to 79 years) and old-old (80 years or older)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931531/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-lightning-process-in-addition-to-specialist-medical-care-for-paediatric-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Esther M Crawley, Daisy M Gaunt, Kirsty Garfield, William Hollingworth, Jonathan A C Sterne, Lucy Beasant, Simon M Collin, Nicola Mills, Alan A Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Lightning Process (LP) in addition to specialist medical care (SMC) compared with SMC alone, for children with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/myalgic encephalitis (ME). DESIGN: Pragmatic randomised controlled open trial. Participants were randomly assigned to SMC or SMC+LP. Randomisation was minimised by age and gender. SETTING: Specialist paediatric CFS/ME service. PATIENTS: 12-18 year olds with mild/moderate CFS/ME...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930080/seroprevalence-of-brucella-antibodies-in-harbor-seals-in-alaska-usa-with-age-regional-and-reproductive-comparisons
#5
A Hoover-Miller, J L Dunn, C L Field, G Blundell, S Atkinson
Populations of harbor seal Phoca vitulina in the Gulf of Alaska have dramatically declined during the past 4 decades. Numbers of seals in Glacier Bay, in southeast Alaska, USA, have also declined despite extensive protection. Causes of the declines and slow recovery are poorly understood. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that adversely affects reproduction in many domestic species. We measured the seroprevalence of Brucella antibodies in 554 harbor seals in 3 Alaska locations: Prince William Sound (PWS), Glacier Bay (GB), and Tracy Arm Fords Terror (TAFT) Wilderness Area...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928913/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-leiden-padua-questionnaire-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Parvin Cheraghi, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Saharnaz Nedjat
The world population is getting old rapidly; the aging population is the new phenomenon in Iran too. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the overall and subscales mean score of quality of life (QOL) based on the Leiden-Padua (LEIPAD) questionnaire among the elderly population of Iran. The major international and national databases including; Medlin, Scopus, Science Direct, SID, MagIran, IranMedex, and Irandoc was searched. All cross-sectional studies, which measured the QOL among the elderly population in Iran using the LEIPAD questionnaire, were included...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923025/intrafamilial-phenotypic-heterogeneity-in-a-taiwanese-family-with-a-mapt-p-r5h-mutation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Hui-Chi Lin, Chin-Hsien Lin, Pei-Lung Chen, Shih-Jung Cheng, Pei-Hao Chen
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deficits in executive function that frequently overlaps with parkinsonism and motor neuron disorders. Several genes have been identified to cause autosomal dominant forms of FTD, including the gene coding for the protein associated with microtubule tau (MAPT). While most reported pathogenic mutations in MAPT occur in exons 9-13, few families have been reported with mutations outside of this region...
September 18, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922050/how-to-interpret-high-levels-of-distress-when-using-the-distress-thermometer-in-the-long-term-follow-up-clinic-a-study-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-survivors
#8
A J Pépin, S Lippé, M Krajinovic, C Laverdière, B Michon, D Sinnett, S Sultan
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines recommend to assess emotional distress in pediatric oncology during treatment and in after care. One tool used to do this is the distress thermometer (DT), a simple tool which has almost exclusively been studied in its screening abilities. Given its increased used as a measure of distress per se, it is necessary to document its concurrent validity. The goal of this study was to identify clinical domains (eg, depression, anxiety) and individual symptoms associated with pediatric cancer survivors' rating on the DT...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920775/laparoscopic-assisted-insertion-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-in-a-rescued-asiatic-black-bear-ursus-thibetanus-in-laos
#9
Romain Pizzi, Jonathan Mark Cracknell, Andrew C Kitchener, Nev Broadis, Denise Laughlin, Kirsty Officer, Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Matt Hunt
A 3-yr-old Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), weighing 68 kg, underwent a laparoscopic-assisted placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Rescued as a young cub with a notably domed head, the bear's condition had deteriorated with age, but euthanasia was not a viable option because of cultural issues. Surgery was attempted as a palliative measure. The bear had ventrally orientated crossed eyes (abducens nerve palsy and dorsal midbrain syndrome), papilledema, severe rhinorrhea, depressed mentation, lethargy, a very poor appetite, and was stunted...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918774/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-uk-cohort-of-men-and-women-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Kate Northstone, Carol Joinson, Pauline Emmett
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence to suggest that individual components of dietary intake are associated with depressive symptoms. Studying the whole diet, through dietary patterns, has become popular as a way of overcoming intercorrelations between individual dietary components; however, there are conflicting results regarding associations between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms. We examined the associations between dietary patterns extracted using principal component analysis and depressive symptoms, taking account of potential temporal relationships...
September 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#11
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912012/the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-depression-like-anxiety-like-and-cognition-like-behaviours-over-the-healthy-adult-lifespan-of-c57bl-6-mice
#12
Julie A Morgan, Gaurav Singhal, Frances Corrigan, Emily J Jaehne, Magdalene C Jawahar, Bernhard T Baune
Preclinical studies have demonstrated exercise improves various types of behaviours such as anxiety-like, depression-like, and cognition-like behaviours. However, these findings were largely conducted in studies utilising short-term exercise protocols, and the effects of lifetime exercise on these behaviours remain unknown. This study investigates the behavioural effects of lifetime exercise in normal healthy aging C57BL/6 mice over the adult lifespan. 12 week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to voluntary wheel running or non-exercise (control) groups...
September 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910390/identify-changes-of-brain-regional-homogeneity-in-early-and-later-adult-onset-patients-with-first-episode-depression-using-resting-state-fmri
#13
Zonglin Shen, Linling Jiang, Shuran Yang, Jing Ye, Nan Dai, Xiaoyan Liu, Na Li, Jin Lu, Fang Liu, Yi Lu, Xuejin Sun, Yuqi Cheng, Xiufeng Xu
OBJECTIVE: Previous work exhibited different brain grey matter volume (GMV) changes between patients with early adult onset depression (EOD, age 18-29) and later adult onset depression (LOD, age 30-44) by using 30-year-old as the cut-off age. To identify whether regional homogeneity (ReHo) changes are also different between EOD and LOD by using same cut-off age, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to detect the abnormal ReHo between patients with EOD and LOD in the present study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906604/a-multisymptomatic-child-with-bipolar-disorder-how-to-track-and-sequence-treatment
#14
Robert M Post, Michael Rowe, Dana Kaplan, Robert L Findling
Treatment sequences for the multisymptomatic child with bipolar disorder are not adequately described or based on a systematic clinical trial database, and systems for longitudinal tracking of symptoms are rarely utilized. We present a patient whose symptoms of depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional behavior, and mania are rated by a parent and plotted on a weekly basis in the Child Network under a Johns Hopkins Institutional Review Board-approved protocol. This 9-year-old girl remained inadequately responsive to lithium or risperidone...
August 31, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904594/psychological-well-being-in-italian-families-an-exploratory-approach-to-the-study-of-mental-health-across-the-adult-life-span-in-the-blue-zone
#15
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Jessica Ferrai, Maria Pietronilla Penna
Self-reported measures of psychological well-being and depressive symptoms were examined across differently aged family members, while controlling for the impact of marital status and personal satisfaction about family and non-family relations. Twenty-one grandchildren (i.e., ages 21-36 years) were recruited with their parents (i.e., 48-66 years old) and grandparents (i.e., 75-101 years of age) in the 'blue zone' of Ogliastra, an Italian area known for the longevity of its inhabitants. Each participant was individually presented a battery of questionnaires assessing their lifestyle and several perceived mental health indices, including the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS, Tennant et al...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#16
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895999/-quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-the-adult-population-of-burgos-spain
#17
M T Barroso-Perez, E Cubo, J Cordero-Guevara, E Poza-Maure, L Checa-Diez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a prevalence of up to 15%, although little is known about its impact upon quality of life. AIM: To analyse the impact of RLS on health-related quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study. A random sample of 1,275 subjects over 18 years old, stratified by age, was taken from the urban area of Burgos, with an estimated prevalence, 10%; alpha, 5%; accuracy, 3%; and losses, 70%, using a two-phase study (screening and diagnosis of cases of RLS and non-cases confirmed by a doctor)...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884353/a-prospective-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-dis-continuity-of-mental-health-difficulties-between-mid-to-late-childhood-and-the-predictive-role-of-familial-factors
#18
Cliodhna O'Connor, Udo Reulbach, Blanaid Gavin, Fiona McNicholas
Understanding individual variation in the continuity of youth mental health difficulties is critical for identifying the factors that promote recovery or chronicity. This study establishes the proportion of children showing psychopathology at 9 years, whose pathology had either remitted or persisted at 13. It describes the socio-demographic and clinical profiles of these groups, and examines the factors in 9-year-olds' familial environments that predict longitudinal remission vs. persistence of psychopathology...
September 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883785/early-postnatal-but-not-late-adult-neurogenesis-is-impaired-in-the-pitx3-mutant-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Moritz D Brandt, Diana Krüger-Gerlach, Andreas Hermann, Anne K Meyer, Kwang-Soo Kim, Alexander Storch
The generation of new neurons in the adult dentate gyrus has functional implications for hippocampal formation. Reduced hippocampal neurogenesis has been described in various animal models of hippocampal dysfunction such as dementia and depression, which are both common non-motor-symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). As dopamine plays an important role in regulating precursor cell proliferation, the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) in PD may be related to the reduced neurogenesis observed in the neurogenic regions of the adult brain: subventricular zone (SVZ) and dentate gyrus (DG)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882887/cut-points-for-identifying-clinically-significant-diabetes-distress-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-the-paid-teen-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#20
Virginia Hagger, Christel Hendrieckx, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy C Skinner, Jane Speight
OBJECTIVE: To establish cut point(s) for the Problem Areas in Diabetes-Teens (PAID-T) scale to identify adolescents with clinically meaningful, elevated diabetes distress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were available from the Diabetes Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success (MILES) Youth-Australia Study, a national survey assessing various psychosocial indicators among self-selected National Diabetes Services Scheme registrants. Participants in the current study (n = 537) were (mean ± SD) 16 ± 2 years old, had type 1 diabetes for 6 ± 4 years, and 62% (n = 334) were girls...
September 7, 2017: Diabetes Care
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