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Old age depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771885/-selection-of-optimal-method-of-general-anesthesia-for-intubation-of-nasolacrimal-duct-in-young-children
#1
E A Bachinin, S I Utkin, E L Sorokin, D Iu Ignatenko, M V Stoliarov, R N Khalfin
PURPOSE: comparative assessment of safety and clinical efficacy of Sevoflurane and Halothane in general anesthesia for nasolacrimal duct intubation in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical results of nasolacrimal duct intubation in 288 children with persistent obstruction of tear duct were analyzed. A newly developed method of general anesthesia in the supine position was used for all cases. General anesthetic Phthorothanum was used in 146 children; general anesthesia with Sevoflurane - in 142 children...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#2
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768468/early-development-of-attention-to-threat-related-facial-expressions
#3
Jukka M Leppänen, Julia K Cataldo, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Charles A Nelson
Infants from an early age have a bias to attend more to faces than non-faces and after 5 months are particularly attentive to fearful faces. We examined the specificity of this "fear bias" in 5-, 7-, and 12-month-old infants (N = 269) and 36-month-old children (N = 191) and whether its development is associated with features of the early rearing environment, specifically maternal anxiety and depression symptoms. Attention dwell times were assessed by measuring the latencies of gaze shifts from a stimulus at fixation to a new stimulus in the visual periphery...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756800/cognitive-complaints-mediate-the-effect-of-cognition-on-emotional-stability-across-12-years-in-old-age
#4
Damaris Aschwanden, Matthias Kliegel, Mathias Allemand
Previous research supports a positive relationship between cognition and emotional stability, although findings regarding healthy older adults are inconsistent. Additionally, little is known about the mechanisms that underlie this association. Thus, the present study investigated the mediating effect of cognitive complaints on the bidirectional longitudinal association between cognition and emotional stability in old age. The study sample consisted of 500 older individuals (M age = 62.97 years, SD = 0.91, range = 60-64 years; 52% male) from the Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on Adult Development...
May 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743222/missed-opportunities-for-depression-screening-and-treatment-in-the-united-states
#5
Elisabeth Kato, Amanda E Borsky, Samuel H Zuvekas, Anita Soni, Quyen Ngo-Metzger
PURPOSE: This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used a nationally representative survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, to evaluate if adults 35+ were being assessed for depression by their health care providers in 2014 and 2015. Using multivariate logistic regression, we examined the health and sociodemographic characteristics of patients associated with depression assessment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743136/improving-mental-health-among-ultra-poor-children-two-year-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-burkina-faso
#6
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli, Jo Sanson, Eleni Gaveras, Rachel Nanema, Alexice Tô-Camier, Josh Chaffin
RATIONALE: There is limited evidence about interventions improving child mental health in francophone West Africa. Behavioral mental health interventions alone may have limited effects on children's emotional well-being in families living in abject poverty, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effects of economic intervention, alone and in combination with a family-focused component, on the mental health of children from ultra-poor households in rural Burkina Faso...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742961/intersections-of-home-health-and-social-engagement-in-old-age-formal-volunteering-as-a-protective-factor-to-health-after-relocation
#7
Ernest Gonzales, Huei-Wern Shen, Tam E Perry, Yi Wang
This study aims to further our understanding of formal volunteering as a protective mechanism for health in the context of housing relocation and to explore race, gender, and education as moderators. A quasi-experimental design evaluated the effects of volunteering on older adults' health (self-report health, number of instrumental activities of daily living [IADLs], and depressive symptoms) among individuals who relocated but did not volunteer at Time 1 ( N = 682) in the Health and Retirement Study (2008-2010)...
January 1, 2018: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741922/l-tryptophan-as-treatment-for-pediatric-non-rapid-eye-movement-parasomnia
#8
Louis T van Zyl, Sharon A Chung, Azmeh Shahid, Colin M Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: Parasomnias are common in childhood but there is no established treatment for parasomnias. The aim of this study was to (1) report on the outcome of using L-tryptophan to manage parasomnias in children and (2) examine sleep architecture and subjective psychological/sleep symptoms in children with parasomnia. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted of charts of children (3-18 years old) who underwent polysomnographic testing and were diagnosed with primary parasomnia...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739286/sixfold-post-fracture-mortality-in-16-to-30-year-old-patients-suicides-homicides-and-intoxications-among-leading-causes-of-death
#9
A Somersalo, J Paloneva, E Lönnroos, M Heinänen, H Koponen, I Kiviranta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The death of any young individual is associated with the loss of many potentially fulfilling years of life. It has been suggested that the relative mortality of fracture patients may be higher in younger age groups than in older cohorts. We determined the mortality and causes of death in a cohort of 16- to 30-year-old patients that had been hospitalized for fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected data using criteria based on the diagnosis code (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision), surgical procedure code (Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee), and seven additional characteristics of patients admitted to the trauma ward at the Central Finland Hospital between 2002 and 2008...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739135/unipolar-mania-a-particular-aspect-of-bipolar-disorder-in-tunisia
#10
Badii Amamou, Wafa Chebbi, Myriam Allegue, Ahmed Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane, Lotfi Gaha
Objective: Unipolar mania is a clinical reality in our daily practice. Many authors suggested that bipolar patients can have only manic episodes without depressions. These findings lead us to explore more this particularity. Methods: We conduct a retrospective, descriptive and comparative study including 173 patients, followed for bipolar disorder type I, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition criteria, during the period between January 2008 and December 2015...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737095/-prevalence-and-determinants-of-depressive-symptoms-in-middle-and-senior-aged-populations-with-visual-impairment
#11
Zhan Yang, Yin Liu, Wen-Jie Zhang, Ning-Xiu Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms in visually impaired mid- and old-aged populations. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study database. A total of 1 462 mid- and old-aged respondents reported visual problems. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736062/dropout-rates-and-factors-associated-with-dropout-from-treatment-among-elderly-patients-attending-the-outpatient-services-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the "dropout" rates from treatment and associated factors among elderly patients attending a tertiary care psychiatry outpatient facility. Materials and Methods: Data of 1422 patients aged ≥60 years, attending the walk-in clinic were evaluated. Results: Out of 1422 patients, 406 (28.55%) belonged to the "dropout" group. In the "dropout" group, the age of patients was significantly higher than the followed-up group, and a higher proportion of patients were >70 years old...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734054/depression-and-its-associated-factors-among-elderly-a-community-based-study-in-egypt
#13
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ghada O Elkhawaga, Bernadet B Sarraf
BACKGROUND: Depression among the elderly constitutes a major public health concern that attracts worldwide attention. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among community dwelling elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with an analytic component was carried out in both urban and rural areas of Mansoura District during the period from October 1 to December 31, 2016. The target population is elderly aged 60 years or more of both genders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728937/psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-cognitive-reserve-scale-i-crs
#14
Manuela Altieri, Mattia Siciliano, Simona Pappacena, María Dolores Roldán-Tapia, Luigi Trojano, Gabriella Santangelo
The original definition of cognitive reserve (CR) refers to the individual differences in cognitive performance after a brain damage or pathology. Several proxies were proposed to evaluate CR (education, occupational attainment, premorbid IQ, leisure activities). Recently, some scales were developed to measure CR taking into account several cognitively stimulating activities. The aim of this study is to adapt the Cognitive Reserve Scale (I-CRS) for the Italian population and to explore its psychometric properties...
May 4, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725317/psychopathy-to-altruism-neurobiology-of-the-selfish-selfless-spectrum
#15
REVIEW
James W H Sonne, Don M Gash
The age-old philosophical, biological, and social debate over the basic nature of humans as being "universally selfish" or "universally good" continues today highlighting sharply divergent views of natural social order. Here we analyze advances in biology, genetics and neuroscience increasing our understanding of the evolution, features and neurocircuitry of the human brain underlying behavior in the selfish-selfless spectrum. First, we examine evolutionary pressures for selection of altruistic traits in species with protracted periods of dependence on parents and communities for subsistence and acquisition of learned behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725168/prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-among-residents-of-old-age-homes-in-northern-india
#16
Shamsi Akbar, S C Tiwari, Rakesh K Tripathi, Nisha M Pandey, Ambrish Kumar
Context: There are many factors which compelled older adults to live in old age homes (OAHs) and vulnerable to psychological problems. Studies reported high prevalence of mental health problems (20%-60%) among elderlies of OAHs. Therefore, the study was conducted to explore prevalence of psychiatric illness (PI) among residents of OAHs of Northern India. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in OAHs of Districts Bareilly, Lucknow, Varanasi, Dehradun, and Haridwar, using cross-sectional descriptive study method...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723158/circrnas-in-the-tree-shrew-tupaia-belangeri-brain-during-postnatal-development-and-aging
#17
CaiXia Lu, XiaoMei Sun, Na Li, WenGuang Wang, DeXuan Kuang, PinFen Tong, YuanYuan Han, JieJie Dai
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel type of non-coding RNA expressed across different species and tissues. At present, little is known about the expression and function of circRNAs in the tree shrew brain. In this study, we used RNA-seq to identify 35,007 circRNAs in hippocampus and cerebellum samples from infant (aged 47-52 days), young (aged 15-18 months), and old (aged 78-86 months) tree shrews. We observed no significant changes in the total circRNA expression profiles in different brain regions over time...
April 30, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721647/cardiac-autonomic-modulation-impairments-in-advanced-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Claudia Arab, Luiz Carlos Marques Vanderlei, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Kyle Levi Fulghum, Carlos Elias Fristachi, Afonso Celso Pinto Nazario, Simone Elias, Luiz Henrique Gebrim, Celso Ferreira Filho, Yori Gidron, Celso Ferreira
AIM: To compare cardiac autonomic modulation in early- versus advanced-stage breast cancer patients before any type of cancer treatment and investigate associated factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study included women (30-69 years old) with primary diagnosis of breast cancer and women with benign breast tumors. We evaluated cardiac modulation by heart rate variability and assessed factors of anxiety, depression, physical activity, and other relevant medical variables...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721540/association-of-alterations-in-smell-and-taste-with-depression-in-older-adults
#19
Kevin Hur, Janet S Choi, Melissa Zheng, Jasper Shen, Bozena Wrobel
Objective: Examine the relationship between depression and changes in smell or taste. Study Design: Cross-sectional analysis of 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Methods: We examined 5,275 adults ≥40 years old who completed smell and taste questionnaires as well as a validated depression assessment instrument, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Analyses incorporated sampling weights to account for the complex sampling design and associations were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression adjusted for related demographics and socioeconomic data...
April 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721159/synapsin-i-and-synapsin-ii-regulate-neurogenesis-in-the-dentate-gyrus-of-adult-mice
#20
Raffaella Barbieri, Andrea Contestabile, Maria Grazia Ciardo, Nicola Forte, Antonella Marte, Pietro Baldelli, Fabio Benfenati, Franco Onofri
Adult neurogenesis is emerging as an important player in brain functions and homeostasis, while impaired or altered adult neurogenesis has been associated with a number of neuropsychiatric diseases, such as depression and epilepsy. Here we investigated the possibility that synapsins (Syns) I and II, beyond their known functions in developing and mature neurons, also play a role in adult neurogenesis. We performed a systematic evaluation of the distinct stages of neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of Syn I and Syn II knockout (KO) mice, before (2-months-old) and after (6-months-old) the appearance of the epileptic phenotype...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
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