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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448390/comparison-of-postoperative-respiratory-monitoring-by-acoustic-and-transthoracic-impedance-technologies-in-pediatric-patients-at-risk-of-respiratory-depression
#1
Mario Patino, Megan Kalin, Allison Griffin, Abu Minhajuddin, Lili Ding, Timothy Williams, Stacey Ishman, Mohamed Mahmoud, C Dean Kurth, Peter Szmuk
BACKGROUND: In children, postoperative respiratory rate (RR) monitoring by transthoracic impedance (TI), capnography, and manual counting has limitations. The rainbow acoustic monitor (RAM) measures continuous RR noninvasively by a different methodology. Our primary aim was to compare the degree of agreement and accuracy of RR measurements as determined by RAM and TI to that of manual counting. Secondary aims include tolerance and analysis of alarm events. METHODS: Sixty-two children (2-16 years old) were admitted after tonsillectomy or receiving postoperative patient/parental-controlled analgesia...
April 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448248/the-relationship-between-stressors-and-mental-health-among-japanese-middle-aged-women-in-urban-areas
#2
Junko Suzuki, Fumi Takeda, Kaori Kishi, Takafumi Monma
In middle age, some people may become mentally or emotionally unstable. Additionally, in Japan, mood disorders, such as depressive symptoms, occur mostly among middle-aged women (i.e., aged 40-49 years). However, few studies have examined stressors related to mental health (a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community). In the present research, we developed a stressor scale for middle-aged women (SSMW) and examined stressors correlated with middle-aged women's mental health...
April 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448178/what-is-being-measured-a-comparison-of-two-depressive-symptom-severity-instruments-with-a-depression-diagnosis-in-low-income-high-risk-mothers
#3
Jenny Yang, Maria Martinez, Todd A Schwartz, Linda Beeber
BACKGROUND: Adequate assessment of depressive symptomatology is a necessary step toward decreasing income-related mental health treatment inequity. No studies have focused on comparing instruments used to detect depression in women from low-income backgrounds who are mothers of young children-a period of increased risk for depressive symptoms. METHODS: To address this gap, two commonly used instruments (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [CES-D] and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [Hamilton]) were compared with a depression diagnosis (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition [DSM-V]) in a sample (n = 251) of mothers from low-income backgrounds with children ranging from 1 to 54 months old...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442236/red-blood-cell-membrane-omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-and-physical-performance-cross-sectional-data-from-the-mapt-study
#4
Bertrand Fougère, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Sabine Goisser, Gaëlle Soriano, Sophie Guyonnet, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with brain, cardiovascular and immune function, as well as physical performance and bone health in older adults. So far, few studies have highlighted the associations between PUFA status and performance-based tests of physical function. To study the associations between the omega-3 index (red blood cell (RBC) membrane content of omega-3 PUFAs, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) and physical performance measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441852/-clinical-presentation-of-kleine-levin-syndrome
#5
Y Hu, J Y Wang, X S Dong, J Li, H Yan, P P Wang, L Zhao, X Z Zhang, F Han
Objective: To analyze the clinical features of Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) patients. Methods: Clinical data of 44 patients with KLS of the Sleep Center of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2002 to July 2013 were systematically reviewed. The predisposing factors and clinical presentations were summarized, and compared with the data from a Western KLS study with a large subjects number. Nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were conducted during relapse and remission period, respectively...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438147/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-and-adjustment-disorders-in-primary-health-care-patients
#6
Xiao Wang, Kristina Sundquist, Anna Hedelius, Karolina Palmér, Ashfaque A Memon, Jan Sundquist
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to examine possible differences in telomere length between primary health care patients, with depression, anxiety or stress and adjustment disorders, and healthy controls. The second aim was to examine the association between telomere length and baseline characteristics in the patients. The third aim was to examine the potential effects of the 8-week treatments (mindfulness-based group therapy or treatment as usual, i.e. mostly cognitive-based therapy) on telomere length, and to examine whether there was a difference in the potential effect on telomere length between the two groups...
April 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438073/the-meaning-profiles-of-anxiety-and-depression-similarities-and-differences-in-two-age-groups
#7
Shulamith Kreitler
The distinctiveness of anxiety and depression is discussed concerning their nature, definitions, uses, manifestations and determinants. The objective was to examine the difference and similarity of anxiety and depression by applying the psychosemantic approach, which is a theory and methodology based on analysing the cognitive processes applied in communicating meanings. In Study 1, there were 760 participants of both genders, 23-31 years old. They were administered the Meanings Test, which yields the respondent's meaning profile, and one of seven anxiety scales or one of three depression scales...
April 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#8
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436187/slow-gait-speed-as-a-predictor-of-1-year-cognitive-decline-in-a-veterans-retirement-community-in-southern-taiwan
#9
Chiao-Lin Hsu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Mei-Chen Liao, Ming-Yueh Chou, Yu-Te Lin
AIM: Slow gait speed has been associated with mortality, poor physical function and disability in older people. Our aim was to evaluate the association between slow gait speed and rapid cognitive decline among oldest-old men in Taiwan. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study in a veterans' retirement community, and enrolled 249 male residents aged 80 years and older. Slow gait speed was defined as <1 m/s, and rapid cognitive decline was defined as a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) decline of ≥3 points over 1 year...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435933/the-c677t-variant-in-mthfr-modulates-associations-between-brain-integrity-mood-and-cognitive-functioning-in-old-age
#10
Florence F Roussotte, Xue Hua, Katherine L Narr, Gary W Small, Paul M Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The C677T functional variant in the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene leads to reduced enzymatic activity and elevated blood levels of homocysteine. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been linked with higher rates of cardiovascular diseases, cognitive decline, and late-life depression. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Here, 3D magnetic resonance imaging data was analyzed from 738 individuals (age: 75.5 ± 6.8 years; 438 men/300 women) including 173 Alzheimer's patients, 359 subjects with mild cognitive impairment, and 206 healthy older adults, scanned as part of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
April 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433948/metabolic-syndrome-in-subjects-with-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-current-depressive-episode-population-based-study-metabolic-syndrome-in-current-depressive-episode
#11
Fernanda Pedrotti Moreira, Karen Jansen, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Thaíse Campos Mondin, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Jean Pierre Oses, Carolina David Wiener
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their components in young adults with bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in a current depressive episode. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with young adults aged 24-30 years old. Depressive episode (bipolar or unipolar) was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview - Plus version (MINI Plus). The MetS was assessed using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III)...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433462/-health-and-access-to-health-care-of-18-25%C3%A2-years-old-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-attending-the-french-missions-locales
#12
S Robert, S Lesieur, J Chastang, V Kergoat, J Dutertre, P Chauvin
BACKGROUND: In France, "missions locales" are public assistance units for young people aged 16-25 years not in employment, education or training (NEET). The health status of the more than 1.5 million young adults attending these units annually is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the health status and health care use of this population in comparison with the general population of the same age. METHODS: The Presaje survey was conducted in 2011 on a randomized sample of 1453 young adults aged 18-25 years who attended five "missions locales" in mainland France...
April 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#13
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425823/association-between-sleep-time-and-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-from-countries-in-rural-northeastern-china
#14
Jiang Mohan, Guo Xiaofan, Sun Yingxian
Objective To investigate the current situation of sleep status and examine its association with depression among counties in rural areas of Liaoning Province, China. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2012 to August 2013 in Northeast China. A total of 11,276 subjects aged ≥35 years were surveyed and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9; each participant answered questions about their sleep duration. Results For individuals with a sleep time of ≤6, 6-7, 7-8, 8-9, and ≥9 h, the respective risk of depression was 10...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425737/time-varying-and-time-invariant-dimensions-of-depression-in-children-and-adolescents-implications-for-cross-informant-agreement
#15
David A Cole, Joan M Martin, Farrah M Jacquez, Jane M Tram, Rachel Zelkowitz, Elizabeth A Nick, Jason D Rights
The longitudinal structure of depression in children and adolescents was examined by applying a Trait-State-Occasion structural equation model to 4 waves of self, teacher, peer, and parent reports in 2 age groups (9 to 13 and 13 to 16 years old). Analyses revealed that the depression latent variable consisted of 2 longitudinal factors: a time-invariant dimension that was completely stable over time and a time-varying dimension that was not perfectly stable over time. Different sources of information were differentially sensitive to these 2 dimensions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422352/places-and-social-contexts-associated-with-simultaneous-use-of-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-among-young-adults
#16
Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Mallie J Paschall, Saltz Robert F, Christopher N Morrison
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Little is known about social-ecological correlates of simultaneous use of alcohol with other substances. This study examined places and social contexts associated with simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana among young adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used survey data obtained from 1538 young adult recent alcohol drinkers (49% male; 18-30 years old) in 24 non-contiguous cities in California. Event-level measures included alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, drinking places and social characteristics of the event...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421287/-age-89-years-depression-fall-with-pelvic-fracture-severe-confusion-serotonin-syndrome-differential-diagnosis-importance-of-cyp450-and-economic-considerations
#17
REVIEW
W Weinrebe, A Moutaouakil, K Risz, M Martin, K Jeckelmann, S Goetz
A case study of an 89-year-old patient is reported, who was admitted to hospital because of immobility due to pain. After the cause of the pain could initially be clarified and treated, the further clinical course in this very old woman showed an alarming symptom complex of agitation, confusion and cognitive deterioration, which took on grave forms. The work-up of this case showed a typical constellation of pain and depression in old age; however, the pharmaceutical treatment in this case is not atypical and could lead to a severe serotonin syndrome...
April 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418079/loneliness-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-the-role-of-late-life-depression
#18
Annette Hegeman, Natasja Schutter, Hannie Comijs, Tjalling Holwerda, Jack Dekker, Max Stek, Roos van der Mast
OBJECTIVE: Loneliness and depression have a strong reciprocal influence, and both predict adverse health outcomes at old age. Therefore, this study examines whether loneliness is associated with the presence of cardiovascular diseases taking into account the role of late-life depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 477 older adults in the Netherlands Study of Depressed Older Persons were used. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the relation between loneliness and cardiovascular disease...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414758/early-dialysis-initiation-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-elderly-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jae Yoon Park, Kyung Don Yoo, Yong Chul Kim, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam-Ho Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Chun-Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Jung Pyo Lee
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for initiating dialysis in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is controversial, especially in the elderly. METHODS: 665 patients ≥65 years old who began dialysis from August 2008 to February 2015 were prospectively enrolled in the Clinical Research Center for End-Stage Renal Disease cohort study. Participants were divided into 2 groups based on the median estimated glomerular filtration rate at the initiation of dialysis. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare the overall survival rate, cardiovascular events, Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 36 (KDQOL-36) results, Karnofsky performance scale values, Beck's depression inventory values, and subjective global assessments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414019/parental-depressive-history-parenting-styles-and-child-psychopathology-over-6-years-the-contribution-of-each-parent-s-depressive-history-to-the-other-s-parenting-styles
#20
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Caitlin Jelinek, Ellen M Kessel, Allison Frost, Anna E S Allmann, Daniel N Klein
The link between parental depressive history and parenting styles is well established, as is the association of parenting with child psychopathology. However, little research has examined whether a depressive history in one parent predicts the parenting style of the other parent. As well, relatively little research has tested transactional models of the parenting-child psychopathology relationship in the context of parents' depressive histories. In this study, mothers and fathers of 392 children were assessed for a lifetime history of major depression when their children were 3 years old...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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