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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621276/association-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-gender-identification-an-exploratory-study
#1
Nitin Gautam, Suneel G Patil, R Gopi Krishna, Hemalatha Agastya, Lubna Mushtaq, K Vijay Kumar
AIM: The present study's aim was to assess the pattern of palatine ridges/rugae to identify gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consists of a total of 50 participants (25 males and 25 females). Participants of the age range of 20 to 50 years were selected from the outpatient department. According to the shape and size of the patient's arches, maxillary impression trays were selected using alginate, and casts were poured subsequently. With the help of a sharp graphite pencil, the palatine ridges were delineated to make it prominent, and on either side of the midline, the number of rugae was counted and the length measured...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611927/3d-evaluation-of-palatal-rugae-in-identical-twins
#2
Emiliya Taneva, Carla Evans, Grace Viana
The study of identical twins can point out potential limitations in biometrics and forensic odontology. This case report presents three-dimensional (3D) palatal rugae analysis in monozygotic twins utilizing digital models obtained directly by scanning the maxillary dental arch with the iTero® intraoral digital scanner. The results show that the rugae patterns contain related but not identical features between the pair of identical twins. Dental study models taken on a regular basis for diagnosis and treatment planning in dentistry include the palatal rugae, which could be valuable to forensics in identical twin identification cases...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584485/palatal-rugae-pattern-an-aid-for-sex-identification
#3
Prahlad Gadicherla, Divya Saini, Milana Bhaskar
BACKGROUND: Palatal rugoscopy, or palatoscopy, is the process by which human identification can be obtained by inspecting the transverse palatal rugae inside the mouth. AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of using palatal rugae as an aid for sex identification in Bengaluru population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred plaster casts equally distributed between males and females belonging to age range of 4-16 years were examined for different rugae patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584469/pattern-self-repetition-of-fingerprints-lip-prints-and-palatal-rugae-among-three-generations-of-family-a-forensic-approach-to-identify-family-hierarchy
#4
Sankeerti Mala, Vanita Rathod, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit
CONTEXT: The unique pattern and structural diversity of fingerprints, lip prints, palatal rugae, and their occurrence in different patterns among individuals make it questionable whether they are completely unique even in a family hierarchy? Do they have any repetition of the patterns among the generations? Or is this a mere chaos theory? AIMS: The present study aims to assess the pattern self-repetition of fingerprints, lip prints, and palatal rugae among three generations of ten different families...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560189/systematic-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-for-use-in-human-identification-between-two-different-populations
#5
Radhika Kalyani Kommalapati, Deepthi Katuri, Kiran Kumar Kattappagari, Lalith Prakash Chandra Kantheti, Rajasekhar Babu Murakonda, Chandra Sekhar Poosarla, Ravi Teja Chitturi, Sridhar Reddy Gontu, Venkata Ramana Reddy Baddam
BACKGROUND: Forensic odontology plays important role in identification of human remains in mass disasters such as air crash, tsunami, and accidents. Palatal rugae act as an ideal requisite for human identification as they are present in all victims and are resistant to changes such as aging and trauma. The study aimed to analyze differences in shape and number of palatal rugae in population from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. METHODS: This study was conducted in SIBAR institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India in 2012 on 200 subjects, gender matched and equally divided as 100 from Andhra Pradesh and 100 from Telangana states...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383408/evaluation-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-different-sagittal-skeletal-relationship-adolescent-subjects
#6
Ekrem Oral, S Kutalmiş Buyuk, Huseyin Simsek
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological structure of palatal rugae in Turkish orthodontic subjects with different sagittal skeletal malocclusions. Orthodontic dental casts of 105 patients (Class I [23 females, 12 males]; 35, Class II [18 females, 17 males]; and 35, Class III [14 females, 21 males] 10-22 years old) were analyzed for rugae patterns. Palatal rugae pattern and number, direction of rugae alignment, shape of incisive papilla were analyzed. Modified Thomas and Kotze classification was performed to analyze palatal rugae characteristics...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379386/instability-of-palatal-rugae-following-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#7
Maria Saadeh, Anthony Macari, Ramzi Haddad, Joseph Ghafari
Background: Existing evidence on changes of the palatal rugae following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is scarce and inconclusive, particularly immediate post-expansion changes in three-dimensional assessments. Objectives: Our aims were to assess the dimensional stability of the palatal rugae in the antero-posterior and transverse dimensions following RME treatment, as well as the three-dimensional changes in palatal volume and area. Material and methods: The sample consisted of the dental casts of 30 adolescents (16 males; 14 females, age 11...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355313/short-term-quality-of-life-change-perceived-by-patients-after-transition-to-mandibular-overdentures
#8
Alessandra Julie Schuster, Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Amália Machado Bielemann, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Luciana de Rezende Pinto, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury, Fernanda Faot
The aim of this longitudinal observational study was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) following patient rehabilitation with implant-retained mandibular overdentures (IMO) and to identify the contribution of the different domains to OHRQoL. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-EDENT), Dental Impact on Daily Living (DIDL), and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaires were completed twice by 25 patients: after 3 months of rehabilitation with complete dentures (CD) and after 3 months of IMO loading using stud abutments...
March 27, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327781/differentiation-between-palatal-rugae-patterns-of-twins-by-means-of-the-bri%C3%A3-%C3%A3-n-method-and-an-improved-technique
#9
Lara Maria Herrera, Raíssa Ananda Paim Strapasson, Luiz Eugênio Nigro Mazzilli, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff Melani
Palatal rugae patterns are anatomic structures considered unique to each person. Monozygotic twins present similarities, however, Rugoscopy in particular, may contribute to their individualization for forensic purposes. The aims of this study were: to study the palatal rugae classifications of Briñón; to propose improvements to facilitate use of this method, if pertinent; and to characterize palatal rugae in a sample of Brazilian monozygotic twins and singletons. Precise reproducibility of the two methods of Briñón, from 1982 and 2011, was prevented by poor intra-examiner agreement (70% and 13% respectively)...
March 20, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150411/registration-of-serial-maxillary-models-via-the-weighted-rugae-superimposition-method
#10
A H Abdi, M Nouri
OBJECTIVES: We introduce a weighted method for superimposition of serial digital maxillary models based on the variable stability of rugae points. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Plaster maxillary models of 24 randomly selected 12-year-olds as well as their models at the age of 14 were obtained and scanned using a benchtop structured-light 3D scanner. METHODS: The models were registered twice, once via the unweighted and again via the proposed weighted rugae superimposition method based on 12 rugae landmarks...
May 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123273/a-simple-working-type-integrated-rugoscopy-chart-proposed-for-analysis-and-recording-rugae-pattern
#11
Aman Chowdhry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123265/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-patterns-in-gujarati-population-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jayasankar Pillai, Alka Banker, Amit Bhattacharya, Radha Gandhi, Nupur Patel, Sarthak Parikh
INTRODUCTION: Palatal rugae are irregular and nonidentical mucosal elevations seen on the anterior third of palate. They are arranged in transverse direction on either side of the median palatine raphe (MPR) and are protected from high temperature and trauma because of their rational position in the oral cavity. Their number and patterns are not uniform in all the individuals, and they appear to vary in different population subsets. The study of palatal rugae is termed as "Rugoscopy" or "Palatoscopy", and it finds its application in various fields such as anthropology, orthodontics, forensic sciences; including forensic odonto-stomatology...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070906/evolutionary-aspects-of-the-development-of-teeth-and-baleen-in-the-bowhead-whale
#13
J G M Thewissen, Tobin L Hieronymus, John C George, Robert Suydam, Raphaela Stimmelmayr, Denise McBurney
In utero, baleen whales initiate the development of several dozens of teeth in upper and lower jaws. These tooth germs reach the bell stage and are sometimes mineralized, but toward the end of prenatal life they are resorbed and no trace remains after birth. Around the time that the germs disappear, the keratinous baleen plates start to form in the upper jaw, and these form the food-collecting mechanism. Baleen whale ancestors had two generations of teeth and never developed baleen, and the prenatal teeth of modern fetuses are usually interpreted as an evolutionary leftover...
April 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891307/morphological-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-central-indian-population
#14
Neha Dwivedi, Anil Kumar Nagarajappa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological study of palatal rugae pattern in a central Indian population and to determine sex differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distinctive rugae patterns of the study population and determine the contribution of rugae patterns in gender identification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a Central Indian population with a sample size of 500 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476363/alteration-of-palatine-ruga-pattern-in-subjects-with-oligodontia-a-pilot-study
#15
Amy Moran, Helen Tippett, Andiappan Manoharan, Martyn T Cobourne
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the palatal ruga patterns in subjects with oligodontia and normal tooth numbers. METHODS: An observational investigation was conducted by using maxillary dental study casts to compare ruga numbers, lengths, and shapes in subjects with diagnosed oligodontia or normal tooth numbers. RESULTS: A total of 32 subjects comprised both the oligodontia (mean age, 14.0 years; SD, 5.0 years) and the control (mean age, 14...
August 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382539/prevalence-of-palatal-rugae-shapes-in-karnataka-and-kerala-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
J K Savita, B N Yathindra Kumar, G Satish, K T Divya, J Ranjitha, Ravi Kumar Pujari
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the incidence and prevalence of palatal rugae shapes in the male and female populations of Karnataka and Kerala. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consisted of 100 plaster models of each group, which were equally distributed between both the genders, with an age range of 17-23 years. The rugae patterns were recorded by using Thomas and Kotze classification. Correlation between the rugae shape and population as well as the rugae shape and gender were analyzed using chi-square analysis and discriminant function analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Version 22 (IBM Corp)...
May 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347293/ethnic-and-gender-comparison-of-rugae-patterns-among-clinical-dental-trainees-in-ibadan-nigeria
#17
Bamidele Kolude, Adisa Akinyele, Ogunrinde Tunde Joshua, Lawal Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to compare the rugae patterns between two major ethnic groups in Nigeria to establish any peculiarities. This will serve as basis for population identification especially in mass disasters involving individuals of different races or ethnicities. METHODS: One hundred consenting participants, 50 of south-western Yoruba ethnicity and 50 of south-eastern Igbo ethnicity were recruited; impressions of the upper jaws were taken and cast with dental stone...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321069/stability-of-palatal-rugae-as-a-forensic-marker-in-orthodontically-treated-cases
#18
Batool Ali, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
The palatal rugae have been used as a reference landmark and identification marker by orthodontists and forensic analysts. However, the reliability of palatal rugae as a forensic marker remains questionable once an individual is subjected to orthodontic treatment. This study aimed at evaluating the changes in the rugae pattern after nonextraction, extraction, and maxillary expansion orthodontic treatment. The lengths and shapes of palatal rugae were evaluated on the pretreatment and post-treatment dental casts of 168 subjects using the Thomas and Kotze classification...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051228/rugae-dimensions-and-their-significance-in-forensic-dentistry
#19
Sanjayagouda B Patil, Manashvini S Patil, B R Smita, Kavyashree G Hebbar
BACKGROUND: The palatal rugae are the ridges situated in the anterior part of the palatal mucosa, are unique to each individual, and can establish individual's identity. AIMS: To establish the reliability of using the palatal rugae dimensions in identifying the different ethnic groups. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Many studies have established the reliability of using the palatal rugae patterns in identifying the different ethnic groups. However, no studies have been reported in the English language literature that uses the rugae dimensions to identify the different ethnic groups...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894824/analysis-of-palatal-rugae-in-males-and-females-of-an-average-age-of-35-in-a-population-from-bosnia-and-herzegovina-sarajevo-canton
#20
Senad Muhasilovic, Naida Hadziabdic, Ivan Galic, Marin Vodanovic
The goal of this study is to identify and compare palatal rugae patterns in males and females of an average age of 35 in a sample population from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo Canton), as an additional method for sex differentiation in various situations. The research did not determine any statistically significant difference in the total number of palatal rugae between the sexes, which is in line with previous research. However, in the case of the number of secondary palatal rugae where the probability of an equal average is slightly higher than the tolerance of 5%, the difference being 7...
April 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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