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Lip print

Peter A Lioufas, Michelle R Quayle, James C Leong, Paul G McMenamin
: To explore the potential viability and limitations of 3D printed models of children with cleft palate deformity. BACKGROUND: The advantages of 3D printed replicas of normal anatomical specimens have previously been described. The creation of 3D prints displaying patient-specific anatomical pathology for surgical planning and interventions is an emerging field. Here we explored the possibility of taking rare pediatric radiographic data sets to create 3D prints for surgical education...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Manal H Abdel Aziz, Fatma M M Badr El Dine, Nourhan M M Saeed
INTRODUCTION: Identification of sex and ethnicity has always been a challenge in the fields of forensic medicine and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However, since they cannot always be used, it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. AIM OF THE WORK: Is to study the pattern of lip print in Egyptian and Malaysian populations and its relation to sex and populations difference...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
C P Kasaven, G T McIntyre, P A Mossey
Our objective was to assess the accuracy of virtual and printed 3-dimensional models derived from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans to measure the volume of alveolar clefts before bone grafting. Fifteen subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate had i-CAT cone-beam CT scans recorded at 0.2mm voxel and sectioned transversely into slices 0.2mm thick using i-CAT Vision. Volumes of alveolar clefts were calculated using first a validated algorithm; secondly, commercially-available virtual 3-dimensional model software; and finally 3-dimensional printed models, which were scanned with microCT and analysed using 3-dimensional software...
September 5, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Prabhakar A Jeergal, Siddharth Pandit, Dinkar Desai, R Surekha, Vasanti A Jeergal
INTRODUCTION: Cheiloscopy is the study of the furrows or grooves present on the red part or vermilion border of the human lips. The present study aims to classify the characteristics of lip prints and to know the most common morphological pattern specific to Mangalorean people of Southern India. For the first time, this study also assesses the association between gender and different lip segments within a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 residents of Mangalore (100 males and 100 females) were included of age ranging from 18 years to 60 years...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Richard A Canters, Irene M Lips, Markus Wendling, Martijn Kusters, Marianne van Zeeland, Rianne M Gerritsen, Philip Poortmans, Cornelia G Verhoef
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Creating an individualized tissue equivalent material build-up (i.e. bolus) for electron beam radiation therapy is complex and highly labour-intensive. We implemented a new clinical workflow in which 3D printing technology is used to create the bolus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient-specific bolus is designed in the treatment planning system (TPS) and a shell around it is created in the TPS. The shell is printed and subsequently filled with silicone rubber to make the bolus...
July 27, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Reshma Poothakulath Krishnan, Radhika Thangavelu, Vidhya Rathnavelu, Malathi Narasimhan
Personal identification has a pivotal role in forensic investigations. Gender determination is an essential step in personal identification. Despite the advent of advanced techniques such as DNA fingerprinting, methods such as lip print and fingerprint analysis and mandibular canine index calculations are routinely used in gender determination, as they are simple and cost-effective. The present study investigated the hypothesis that lip print analysis is an effective tool in gender determination compared with fingerprint analysis and the mandibular canine index...
June 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Priyankar Singh, Dipesh B Nathani
OBJECTIVE:   The objective of this study was to correlate dermatoglyphics and chelioscopy with genetic inheritance in cleft lip and cleft palate patients. DESIGN AND SETTING:   This was a case-control study to look for asymmetry in finger and lip print patterns. All of the participants were divided into two equal groups (40 mothers and 40 fathers in each group). The data were analyzed by three evaluators who were blind to the study to avoid any chances of error...
May 25, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Wenceslao M Calonge, Ahmad B AlAli, Michelle Griffin, Peter E Butler
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Christiaan Hoogendijk, Sarel Botha, Gerrie Booysen, Johan Els
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are extremely rare tumors arising in peripheral nerves. Only 17 cases involving the trigeminal nerve have ever been reported. These tumors have a very poor prognosis and very high rates of recurrence and metastases. Their recommended treatment involves complete tumor resection followed by radiation. This can be problematic in the head and neck region. We present a clinical case involving a 33-year-old female patient presenting with a slow-growing, exophytic mass of the anterior maxilla...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Renjith George, Nurulain Syafinaz Binti Nora Afandi, Siti Nur Hayati Binti Zainal Abidin, Nur Ismawani Binti Ishak, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Abdul Rashid Hj Ismail
UNLABELLED: We assessed the resemblance of lip print patterns between parents and biological offspring in families of 31 Malay students as well as the distribution of different types of lip print in the study group. Only a few studies have successfully established the inheritance pattern of lip prints. Such studies can be population specific and need to be conducted in various populations. No such study have been conducted in Malay population in Malaysia, according to our knowledge. Present study was carried out to ascertain whether there is any inherence pattern in lip prints and thereby to investigate the potential role of lip prints in personal identification...
April 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Maurice Y Mommaerts
BACKGROUND: The ideal male jaw angle has not been established. With the advent of additive manufacturing, precise customized shaping is a reality. This study aimed to define the ideal masculine mandibular angle as an aid for 3-dimensional (3D) design. METHODS: An Internet survey was conducted using black/white photographs of celebrities and non-celebrities. Preferences regarding gonial angle (profile and frontal views), intergonial width and vertical jaw angle position (face frontal view), and angle curvature and definition in oblique views were obtained using simplified, unbalanced Likert scales...
April 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Alain Tauk, Nayla Bassil-Nassif, Carole Mouhanna-Fattal, Joseph Bouserhal
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of using the entire face to assess facial profile attractiveness. The secondary objective was to assess the facial profile preferences of orthodontists, dentists and laypeople. METHODS: Two original cephalometric radiographs of two subjects (one man and one woman meeting the normality criteria) and 16 modified samples of these radiographs were used. The 18 radiographs were then converted into silhouettes and printed twice: the entire profile (A) and the lower third alone (B)...
March 2016: International Orthodontics
K Saujanya, M Ghanashyam Prasad, B Sushma, J Raghavendra Kumar, Y S N Reddy, K Niranjani
BACKGROUND: Determining the relative risk of cleft lip and palate (CL[P]) on the basis of lip prints and dermatoglyphics as genetic background may be useful for genetic counseling, and the development of future preventive measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To analyze the various pattern types of lip prints and dermatoglyphics in parents of CL(P) children and to detect if any specific type can be contemplated as a genetic marker in the transmission of CL(P). (2) To compare these patterns with that of parents of unaffected children...
January 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Prabhath Ramakrishnan, Shraddha Bahirwani, Smruthi Valambath
INTRODUCTION: The present study was undertaken with the objective of ascertaining whether latent lip prints generated by persistent lipsticks and developed using lysochrome dyes have the potential of use in sex determination and personal identification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included a total of 100 subjects (50 males and 50 females) whose latent lip prints were obtained by applying the persistent lipstick Revlon ColorStay Overtime(®) manufactured by Revlon(®) consumer products corporation, NewYork, USA, and lifting the prints with cellophane sheets...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Yogendra Verma, Arouquiaswamy Einstein, Rajesh Gondhalekar, Anoop K Verma, Jiji George, Shaleen Chandra, Shalini Gupta, Fahad M Samadi
INTRODUCTION: Lip prints, like fingerprints, are unique to an individual and can be easily recorded. Therefore, we compared direct and indirect lip print patterns in males and females of different age groups, studied the inter- and intraobserver bias in recording the data, and observed any changes in the lip print patterns over a period of time, thereby, assessing the reliability of lip prints as a forensic tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty females and 50 males in the age group of 15 to 35 years were selected for the study...
January 2015: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Rajashekhara Bhari Sharanesha, Narendra Varma Penumatsa
INTRODUCTION: Individual identification is a significant and difficult task in forensic search; it was based on logical values. A lip print is different in every living individual and does not change with time so it can be used as a tool in forensic investigations. The present work aimed to find out the correlation between lip prints and lip competence in the pediatric population of Davangere city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised of 103 children that is, 49 males and 54 females of aged between 4 and 14 years...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Kyle K VanKoevering, Robert J Morrison, Sanjay P Prabhu, Maria F Ladino Torres, George B Mychaliska, Marjorie C Treadwell, Scott J Hollister, Glenn E Green
Congenital airway obstruction poses a life-threatening challenge to the newborn. We present the first case of three-dimensional (3D) modeling and 3D printing of complex fetal maxillofacial anatomy after prenatal ultrasound indicated potential upper airway obstruction from a midline mass of the maxilla. Using fetal MRI and patient-specific computer-aided modeling, the craniofacial anatomy of the fetus was manufactured using a 3D printer. This model demonstrated the mass to be isolated to the upper lip and maxilla, suggesting the oral airway to be patent...
November 2015: Pediatrics
Ashish Badiye, Neeti Kapoor
Lip prints can provide vital information that may be useful for the purposes of forensic investigations. The current study was undertaken with the aims of determining the distribution and predominant lip-print patterns in a Central Indian (Marathi) population and evaluating whether any sex differences exist. The study subjects were 400 healthy consenting volunteers - 200 males and 200 females - aged 18-25 years, from the Marathi community. A simpler and more convenient method of data collection - digital photography - was used...
July 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
L H Adamu, M G Taura, W O Hamman, S A Ojo, A U Dahiru, A A Sadeeq, K B Umar
Lip prints in a narrow sense are normal lines and fissures in the form of wrinkles and grooves present in the zone of transition of lips. The aims of this study were to determine the types and association of lip prints as well as the role of the lip print as genetic marker in ethnic differentiation in multi-ethnic population of Nigeria. A total of 820 individuals (414 males and 406 females) participated. The study sample was drawn from different ethnic groups of Nigeria. The three major ethnic groups were identified and the minor groups were lumped together...
December 2015: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Aina Greig, Andreas Gohritz, Max Geishauser, Wolfgang Mühlbauer
Heinrich von Pfalzpaint (circa 1415-1465) was a Bavarian military surgeon of the Teutonic Order who treated more than 4000 casualties during the siege of Marienberg Fortress (1454-1457). In 1460, he reported "How to create a new nose if it has been chopped off and the dogs have eaten it" in his treatise on wound care Bündt-Ertznei. He used opium-soaked sponges for anesthesia, described the surgical extraction of bullets and cleft lip repair. Pfalzpaint would have been the first author to describe nasal reconstruction in Europe if his treatise had not been lost...
June 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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