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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072218/study-of-lip-prints-in-different-ethno-racial-groups-in-india
#1
Rachna Kaul, P S Shilpa, S Padmashree, Suraksha Bhat, Nishat Sultana
Context (Background): Lips prints are unique and are a tool for personal identification. AIMS: Indian population can be divided into different ethno-racial groups. In this study, we aimed at finding the most and the least prevalent lip print patterns in these groups and also to observe any similarities or differences that may exist in these groups in terms of lip print patterns. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Lip prints in 755 individuals categorized into different ethno-racial groups were studied...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932046/analysis-of-lip-print-and-fingerprint-patterns-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#2
P Manjusha, S Sudha, P M Shameena, R Chandni, Sujatha Varma, Deepak Pandiar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Globally, the prevalence of diabetes is soaring high in the recent times. There is an ardent search in the scientific community for a reliable and cheap early predictor which can serve the purpose of mass screening of a genetically vulnerable population. Hence, the present study was conducted to assess the predictive role of cheiloscopy on type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several studies have established the association of dermatoglyphics with diabetes. However, results are still far from satisfaction...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869160/evaluating-the-use-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-3d-printed-models-as-a-teaching-aid
#3
Ahmad B AlAli, Michelle F Griffin, Wenceslao M Calonge, Peter E Butler
OBJECTIVE: Visualization tools are essential for effective medical education, to aid students understanding of complex anatomical systems. Three dimensional (3D) printed models are showing a wide-reaching potential in the field of medical education, to aid the interpretation of 2D imaging. This study investigates the use of 3D-printed models in educational seminars on cleft lip and palate, by comparing integrated "hands-on" student seminars, with 2D presentation seminar methods. SETTING: Cleft lip and palate models were manufactured using 3D-printing technology at the medical school...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855806/a-study-of-distribution-sex-differences-and-stability-of-lip-print-patterns-in-an-indian-population
#4
Neeti Kapoor, Ashish Badiye
Lip prints are very useful in forensic investigations. The objective of this study is to determine predominant lip print pattern found among a central Indian population, to evaluate whether any sex difference exists and to study the permanence of the pattern over a 6 month duration. This study included 200 healthy adult subjects comprising of 100 males and 100 females in the age group of 18-25 years. A convenient and easier method of data collection i.e., digital photography was used instead of the traditional lipstick methods...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713115/association-between-cheiloscopic-patterns-and-abo-blood-groups-among-south-indian-population
#5
Sneha Khanapure, H G Suhas, Shrudha Potdar, George Sam, C B Sudeep, M R Arjun
BACKGROUND: Human beings have few characteristics that are unique from others. Lip prints are one of such feature. They are not changed throughout the life and are not influenced by injuries, diseases, or environmental changes. According to the various antigen-antibody reactions in the bloodstream, different individuals have specific blood groups. AIM: To study the distribution of lip print patterns among individuals with different ABO and Rh blood groups and also to know the relation between their characters and blood groups...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673724/three-dimensional-printed-haptic-model-from-a-prenatal-surface-rendered-oropalatal-sonographic-view-a-new-tool-in-the-surgical-planning-of-cleft-lip-palate
#6
R Nicot, G Couly, J Ferri, J-M Levaillant
Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound has significantly improved prenatal screening and perinatal care in the area of cleft lip/palate and other deformities, providing essential preoperative information to the surgical team. However, current 3D reconstruction modalities are limited primarily to display on a two-dimensional surface. In contrast, a 3D printed haptic model allows both the surgeon and the parents to develop a better understanding of the anatomy and the surgical procedure through the ability to interact directly with the printed model...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596992/lip-prints-a-study-of-its-uniqueness-among-students-of-mediciti-medical-college
#7
Archana Alzapur, Rajani S Nagothu, Hima B Nalluri
BACKGROUND: "Cheiloscopy" is a technique that deals with lip prints. The pattern of fine creases on the lips are unique to the individual. They are similar to finger prints and useful in crime investigation. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the uniqueness, prevalence, and gender significance of lip print patterns in human subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 100 randomly selected male and female undergraduate medical students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584469/pattern-self-repetition-of-fingerprints-lip-prints-and-palatal-rugae-among-three-generations-of-family-a-forensic-approach-to-identify-family-hierarchy
#8
Sankeerti Mala, Vanita Rathod, Siddharth Pundir, Sudhanshu Dixit
CONTEXT: The unique pattern and structural diversity of fingerprints, lip prints, palatal rugae, and their occurrence in different patterns among individuals make it questionable whether they are completely unique even in a family hierarchy? Do they have any repetition of the patterns among the generations? Or is this a mere chaos theory? AIMS: The present study aims to assess the pattern self-repetition of fingerprints, lip prints, and palatal rugae among three generations of ten different families...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479711/comparative-analysis-of-lip-with-thumbprints-an-identification-tool-in-personal-authentication
#9
Rashmi Naik, B R Ahmed Mujib, Neethu Telagi, Jaydeva Hallur
CONTEXT: Identification of person living or dead using diverse characteristics is the basis in forensic science. The uniqueness of lip and fingerprints and further, association between them can be useful in establishing facts in legal issues. AIMS: The present study was carried out to determine the distribution of different lip print patterns among subjects having different thumbprint patterns and to determine the correlation between lip print patterns and thumbprint patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382629/evaluation-of-lip-prints-on-different-supports-using-a-batch-image-processing-algorithm-and-image-superimposition
#10
Lara Maria Herrera, Clemente Maia da Silva Fernandes, Mônica da Costa Serra
This study aimed to develop and to assess an algorithm to facilitate lip print visualization, and to digitally analyze lip prints on different supports, by superimposition. It also aimed to classify lip prints according to sex. A batch image processing algorithm was developed, which facilitated the identification and extraction of information about lip grooves. However, it performed better for lip print images with a uniform background. Paper and glass slab allowed more correct identifications than glass and the both sides of compact disks...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123283/reliability-of-lip-prints-in-personal-identification-an-inter-racial-pilot-study
#11
Laliytha Bijai Kumar, Venkatesh Jayaraman, Philips Mathew, S Ramasamy, Ravi David Austin
CONTEXT: Forensic science is a branch of science that deals with the application of science and technology in solving a crime and this requires a multidisciplinary team effort. The word "Forensic" is derived from the Latin word, "Forensis" which means the study of public. Dental professionals should develop interests in contributing to legal issues. AIMS: To study the lip prints among people of different races. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Descriptive study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123281/the-connecting-link-lip-prints-and-fingerprints
#12
Amita Negi, Anurag Negi
BACKGROUND: Lip prints and fingerprints are considered to be unique to each individual. The study of fingerprints and lip prints is very popular in personal identification of the deceased and in criminal investigations. AIMS: This study was done to find the predominant lip and fingerprint patterns in males and females in the North Indian population and also to find any correlation between lip print and fingerprint patterns within a gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred students (100 males, 100 females) were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123277/can-lip-prints-provide-biologic-evidence
#13
Preeti Sharma, Neeraj Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, Pooja Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Lip prints are unique and can be used in personal identification. Very few studies are available which establish them as biological evidence in the court of law. Thus, the objective of this study was to attempt to isolate DNA and obtain full short tandem repeat (STR) loci of the individual from the lip prints on different surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve lip prints were procured on different surfaces such as tissue paper, cotton cloth, ceramic tile, and glass surface...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957269/morphological-patterns-of-lip-prints-in-an-iranian-population
#14
Mahkameh Moshfeghi, Amirreza Beglou, Hamed Mortazavi, Nazanin Bahrololumi
BACKGROUND: Lip prints are verified to be unique to an individual and stable over time; hence they have potential for human identification purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the individuality and variability of lip prints in an Iranian population for the first time. We also sought to assess the possibility of sex determination via lip printing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lip prints of 96 individuals including 22 males and 74 females were recorded on a plain white paper using a dark-colored lipstick and 50 mm of Scotch tape...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907241/cheiloscopy-lip-print-inter-rater-reliability
#15
Winnie Furnari, Malvin N Janal
Lip print analysis, or cheiloscopy, has the potential to join fingerprints and retinal scans as an additional method to determine human identification. This preliminary study sought to determine agreement among 20 raters, forensic odontologists, using an often referenced system that categorizes lip prints into six classes related to the dominant pattern of vertical, horizontal, and intersecting lines. Lip prints were taken from 13 individuals, and raters categorized eight distinct regions of each print. In addition to ratings made while viewing the actual prints, the raters repeated the exercise using photographs of the lip prints...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891462/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-three-different-materials-used-in-cheiloscopy-a-comparative-study
#16
Anjaly Dolly, Charlotte Rodrigues, Rashmi Bankur, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Rakhee Sharma, Annapurna Doddamani
INTRODUCTION: The imprint produced by the lip is termed as 'lip print' and the name given to the examination of lip print is referred to as cheiloscopy. AIM: The present study was done to compare the efficacy of three different materials used in cheiloscopy - Sudan III, Indigo and Aluminium powder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 individuals belonging to the age group of 18-25 years were included in this study. Visible and latent lip prints were reproduced on white cotton fabric, white satin fabric and white clay cup...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789909/morphologic-patterns-of-lip-prints-in-a-sample-of-croatian-population
#17
Marija Šimović, Ivan Pavušk, Senad Muhasilović, Marin Vodanović
PURPOSE: Cheiloscopy deals with the study of elevations and depressions which form a characteristic pattern on the external surface of the lips. Lip grooves are considered to be unique and analogous to the fingerprint. The aim of the research was to determine the type of grooves on healthy lips of men and women using lip prints in a sample of Croatian population, to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between men and women in the types of grooves and to determine whether there are any differences between male and female lip prints...
June 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757345/3d-printed-models-of-cleft-palate-pathology-for-surgical-education
#18
Peter A Lioufas, Michelle R Quayle, James C Leong, Paul G McMenamin
To explore the potential viability and limitations of 3D printed models of children with cleft palate deformity. BACKGROUND: The advantages of 3D printed replicas of normal anatomical specimens have previously been described. The creation of 3D prints displaying patient-specific anatomical pathology for surgical planning and interventions is an emerging field. Here we explored the possibility of taking rare pediatric radiographic data sets to create 3D prints for surgical education. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging data of 2 children (8 and 14 months) were segmented, colored, and anonymized, and stereolothographic files were prepared for 3D printing on either multicolor plastic or powder 3D printers and multimaterial 3D printers...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743546/regression-equations-for-sex-and-population-detection-using-the-lip-print-pattern-among-egyptian-and-malaysian-adult
#19
Manal H Abdel Aziz, Fatma M M Badr El Dine, Nourhan M M Saeed
INTRODUCTION: Identification of sex and ethnicity has always been a challenge in the fields of forensic medicine and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However, since they cannot always be used, it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. AIM OF THE WORK: Is to study the pattern of lip print in Egyptian and Malaysian populations and its relation to sex and populations difference...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608534/accuracy-of-both-virtual-and-printed-3-dimensional-models-for-volumetric-measurement-of-alveolar-clefts-before-grafting-with-alveolar-bone-compared-with-a-validated-algorithm-a-preliminary-investigation
#20
C P Kasaven, G T McIntyre, P A Mossey
Our objective was to assess the accuracy of virtual and printed 3-dimensional models derived from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans to measure the volume of alveolar clefts before bone grafting. Fifteen subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate had i-CAT cone-beam CT scans recorded at 0.2mm voxel and sectioned transversely into slices 0.2mm thick using i-CAT Vision. Volumes of alveolar clefts were calculated using first a validated algorithm; secondly, commercially-available virtual 3-dimensional model software; and finally 3-dimensional printed models, which were scanned with microCT and analysed using 3-dimensional software...
January 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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