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Forensic odontology

Roma Yadav, Abhishek Yadav, Radhika Rai, Meetika Pahuja, Savita Solanki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anamika Gupta, Gaurav Mishra, Hemant Bhutani, Chetan Hoshing, Ashish Bhalla
OBJECTIVES: With the growth of forensic odontology, dental records have become an essential source of information, especially for medicolegal cases in general practice. It is mandated by the law that every dentist must keep some kind of records for every patient they treat. After the death of an individual, remnants of teeth are usually damaged at the last among all body parts. Dental records assist in personal identification in cases of mass disasters, criminal investigations, and medicolegal issues...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Ankita Sahni, Shweta Rehani, Yulia Mathias, Priyanka Kardam, Ruchi Nagpal, Rashmi Kumari
INTRODUCTION: The role of a dentist is not only to examine and treat the oral diseases but also to assist the legal authorities by means of its branch-forensic odontology. Through forensic odontology, a dentist plays a very important role in crime investigation of any type. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge, awareness, and interest of forensic odontology among the dental teaching staff who are working in the dental colleges within the Delhi NCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 12 questions (both open-ended and close-ended) was prepared and the survey was conducted with 200 dental teaching staff...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Pawan C Motghare, Aarti S Bedia, Shirish S Degwekar, Atul D Indurkar, Sumit Bedia
CONTEXT: Morphological variation in children can be understood by the knowledge of growth and development. The state of dental development can be used in forensic odontology to ascertain the age of an unidentified child. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationship of the stages of calcification of the permanent mandibular canine, mandibular premolars, and permanent mandibular first and second molars with skeletal maturity using panoramic and hand-wrist radiographs...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
C Ramanna, Venkatesh V Kamath, C Sharada, N Srikanth
BACKGROUND: Dental morphometrics is a subject of great significance in forensic odontology in identification of an individual. Use of teeth to represent a physical profile is valuable for identification of an individual. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to assess the clinical crown length (CL) of erupted deciduous teeth and height of the child. A correlation of these parameters was attempted to arrive at a mathematical equation which would formulate a ratio of tooth CL to individual height that would support in estimating the probable height of the child...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Sharlene Sara Babu, Sunil Sukumaran Nair, Devi Gopakumar, Nisha Kurian, Arjun Parameswar, Tibin Kaithappillil Baby
INTRODUCTION: Sex determination in forensic anthropology is an essential step for medico-legal purposes and crucial for identification as the number of possible matches is reduced to 50%. Teeth are an excellent material for anthropological, genetic, odontological and forensic investigations as they are known to resist a variety of ante-mortem and post-mortem insults. Sexual dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction is found to vary in different population and therefore it is necessary to determine specific population values in order to make identification possible...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Calvin Y Shiroma
As of August 2014, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command has identified the remains of 1980 previously unknown U.S. service members; 280 were from the Korean War. To determine the accuracy and completeness of the available antemortem (AM) dental records, a review of the AM/postmortem (AM/PM) dental record comparisons from 233 Forensic Odontology Reports written in support of remains identified from the Korean War was performed. Seventy-two AM/PM comparisons resulted in exact dental chartings while 161 contained discrepancies which were explainable...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
K Khalid, S Yousif, A Satti
Forensic Odontology is a vital component of forensic science and one branch involves the application of dental science to the identification of unknown human remains. The aim of this study is to investigate the discriminatory potential for identification of the radiographic morphology of obturated single root canals. Thirty periapical radiographs of patients having endodontic treatment of single rooted canals were selected randomly from the data bank of the digital X- ray system present in the restorative department, University of Science and Technology, Sudan...
2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
Batool Ali, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
The palatal rugae have been used as a reference landmark and identification marker by orthodontists and forensic analysts. However, the reliability of palatal rugae as a forensic marker remains questionable once an individual is subjected to orthodontic treatment. This study aimed at evaluating the changes in the rugae pattern after nonextraction, extraction, and maxillary expansion orthodontic treatment. The lengths and shapes of palatal rugae were evaluated on the pretreatment and post-treatment dental casts of 168 subjects using the Thomas and Kotze classification...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Giridhar Reddy, Vinay P Reddy, Meenakshi Sharma, Monika Aggarwal
Orthodontics like any other specialty has much to offer law enforcement in the detection and solution of crime or in civil proceedings. Forensic odontology often requires an interdisciplinary approach towards dentistry for the purpose of proper diagnosis of cases. In cases where the forensic odontologist has to establish a person's identity, an orthodontist can be of great help at times. Teeth, with their anatomic/physiologic variations and therapy such as orthodontic treatment, restorations and prosthesis may record information that remains throughout life and beyond...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Geraldo Elias Miranda, Sílvia Guzella de Freitas, Luiza Valéria de Abreu Maia, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff Melani
As with other methods of identification, in forensic odontology, antemortem data are compared with postmortem findings. In the absence of dental documentation, photographs of the smile play an important role in this comparison. As yet, there are no reports of the use of the selfie photograph for identification purposes. Owing to advancements in technology, electronic devices, and social networks, this type of photograph has become increasingly common. This paper describes a case in which selfie photographs were used to identify a carbonized body, by using the smile line and image superimposition...
June 2016: Forensic Science International
Siddharth Pandit, Dinkar Desai, Prabhakar Jeergal, Sowmya Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Police personnel play an important role in collecting and producing evidence. Knowledge about the various aspects of forensic as well as dental sciences and related evidence in them provide a golden opportunity to forensic odontologists to actively participate in the identification of the accused or victim. They can also act as an expert witness in court to produce forensic dental evidence. AIM: To evaluate the awareness and knowledge about the utilization of forensic odontology during evidence collection by the crime scene investigation (CSI) officers...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Manjushree Juneja, Saurabh Juneja, Nagaraju Rakesh, Yashoda Devi Bhoomareddy Kantharaj
INTRODUCTION: Forensic odontology is a branch that is evolving over time and has opened newer avenues that may help in the identification of individuals. Tooth prints are the enamel rod end patterns on tooth surface and they are considered as a hard tissue analog to fingerprints. Teeth have the highest resistance to most environmental effects like fire, desiccation, and decomposition, and may be used as a forensic evidence. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate if the tooth prints could be used for an individual's identification and reproducibility and permanency of these tooth prints after exposing the teeth to acid and various degrees of temperature...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Gurminder Singh, Puneet Singh Talwar, Jaskaran Gambhir, Vaibhav Munjal
Forensic dentistry involves the processing, review, evaluation, and presentation of dental evidence with the purpose of contributing scientific and objective data to legal processes. The present, systematic review was conducted to assess knowledge and awareness of forensic odontology among dentists in India. A systematic review of relevant cross-sectional studies was conducted regarding the level of knowledge, awareness, and practical application of forensic odontology among dentists in India. Four out of 129 studies were finally included in the present review after conducting a search of both electronic and manual scientific databases...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
B K Charan Gowda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Xavier Riaud
The earliest records and more recent cases where forensic dentistry has been used to identify bodies in France are described. The establishment of the French Society of Forensic Odontology is detailed.
January 2016: Dental Historian: Lindsay Club Newsletter
J Berketa, H James, N Langlois, L Richards
PURPOSE: The aim of this exercise was to simulate a disaster victim identification scenario to allow training in documentation of postmortem incinerated remains and reconciliation of dental data, Method: Varying number of restorations were placed in ten pig heads. The teeth and restorations were charted, with the restorations radiographed and documented, creating an ante-mortem data set. The following day the heads were cremated. Following cooling and recording they were transported for a post-mortem examination by trained specialist odontologists who were not involved in the initial antemortem phase...
2015: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
Emilia D Taneva, Andrew Johnson, Grace Viana, Carla A Evans
BACKGROUND: While there is literature suggesting that the palatal rugae could be used for human identification, most of these studies use two-dimensional (2D) approach. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate palatal ruga patterns using three-dimensional (3D) digital models; compare the most clinically relevant digital model conversion techniques for identification of the palatal rugae; develop a protocol for overlay registration; determine changes in palatal ruga individual patterns through time; and investigate the efficiency and accuracy of 3D matching processes between different individuals' patterns...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Rani S Thabitha, Rajendra E Reddy, M Manjula, N Sreelakshmi, A Rajesh, Vinay L Kumar
BACKGROUND: Establishing individual identification of a decedent only by dental means is a mammoth task in forensic odontology. Palatal rugae's uniqueness, its resistance to heat, and stability throughout life have been proved by its use as an alternative aid in individual identification where comparison of fingerprints and other records is difficult. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of palatal rugoscopy in personal identification and sex determination of Nalgonda pediatric population...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Bina Kashyap, Sanjeev Anand, Sudhakara Reddy, Shruthi Basavaradhya Sahukar, Naga Supriya, Swetha Pasupuleti
BACKGROUND: Bite marks show uniqueness due to specific characteristics and arrangement of teeth, but when it comes to bite mark analysis, it is complicated by numerous factors such as animal bite, abuse etc., Humans and pet animals (dog) bite marks analysis is by far the most demanding and complicated part of forensic dentistry. AIM: To analyze and compare bite marks of humans and the pet animals (dog) using indirect method, so as to assess its usefulness and application in forensic odontology...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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