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Forensic odontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533730/forensic-odontology-the-new-dimension-in-dental-analysis
#1
K P Divakar
Forensic Odontology a branch of Forensic sciences uses the skill of the dentist in personal identification during mass calamities, sexual assault and child abuse to name a few. This branch not stranger to many has been growing tenfold in its potential and its ability to bring the forlorn to justice where a dental remains is the only available evidence. It's role and importance in the judiciary is fast growing and hence in depth knowledge in this field seems more than justified.
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450996/a-clinical-correlation-between-stature-and-posterior-tooth-length
#2
Smitha Reddy, Bhuvan Shome, Jayaprakash Patil, Pradeep Koppolu
INTRODUCTION: Exploration and determination of the relationship between stature and length of tooth is essential in Paleontology, Forensic Odontology and Endodontology. This study aimed to determine any association between stature and posterior tooth length in a group of patients who required root canal treatment. METHODS: Age, sex and standing height of adults were considered for posterior tooth length measurement. Molars and Premolars of apparently normal males (n=115 for molars, n= 75 for premolars) and females (n=124 for molars, n=80 for premolars), aged 20-50 years with intact cuspal morphology, which required RCT were selected for this study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407514/age-estimation-from-structural-changes-of-teeth-and-buccal-alveolar-bone-level
#3
K K Koh, J S Tan, P Nambiar, Norliza Ibrahim, Sunil Mutalik, Muhammad Khan Asif
Forensic odontology plays a vital role in the identification and age estimation of unknown deceased individuals. The purpose of this study is to estimate the chronological age from Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images by measuring the buccal alveolar bone level (ABL) to the cemento-enamel junction and to investigate the possibility of employing the age-related structural changes of teeth as studied by Gustafson. In addition, this study will determine the forensic reliability of employing CBCT images as a technique for dental age estimation...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373883/cephalometric-analysis-for-gender-determination-using-maxillary-sinus-index-a-novel-dimension-in-personal-identification
#4
Tanya Khaitan, Arpita Kabiraj, Uday Ginjupally, Ritika Jain
Purpose. Radiography is important in forensic odontology for the identification of humans. The maxillary sinus is the largest of the paranasal sinuses and first to develop. Sinus radiography has been used for identification of skeletal remains and determination of gender. Hence, the aim and objectives of the present study were to establish a new method for gender determination using maxillary sinus index from lateral cephalometric radiographs and to establish the reliability of maxillary sinus for gender determination...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364571/3d-multislice-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-systems-for-dental-identification
#5
REVIEW
Hana Eliášová, Taťjana Dostálová
3D Multislice and Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in forensic odontology has been shown to be useful not only in terms of one or a few of dead bodies but also in multiple fatality incidents. 3D Multislice and Cone-beam computed tomography and digital radiography were demonstrated in a forensic examination form. 3D images of the skull and teeth were analysed and validated for long ante mortem/post mortem intervals. The image acquisition was instantaneous; the images were able to be optically enlarged, measured, superimposed and compared prima vista or using special software and exported as a file...
2017: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278437/a-new-mathematical-modelling-based-shape-extraction-technique-for-forensic-odontology
#6
Jaffino G, Banumathi A, Ulaganathan Gurunathan, Vijayakumari B, Prabin Jose J
Forensic Odontology is a specific means for identifying a person in which deceased, and particularly in fatality incidents. The algorithm can be proposed to identify a person by comparing both postmortem (PM) and antemortem (AM) dental radiographs and photographs. This work aims to introduce a new mathematical algorithm for photographs in addition with radiographs. Isoperimetric graph partitioning method is used to extract the shape of dental images in forensic identification. Shape matching is done by comparing AM and PM dental images using both similarity and distance measures...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123275/role-of-forensic-odontology-in-the-indian-armed-forces-an-unexplored-arena
#7
REVIEW
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123272/identifying-murder-victims-with-endodontic-radiographs
#8
Rhonan Ferreira Silva, Ademir Franco, Solon Diego Santos Carvalho Mendes, Fernando Fortes Picoli, Fernando Gomes Nunes, Carlos Estrela
Endodontics is a special branch of dentistry constantly guided by imaging examinations. From a forensic scope, endodontics plays a valuable role providing solid antemortem (AM) radiographic evidence for comparison with postmortem findings in human identifications. This study illustrates the interface between endodontics and forensic odontology describing three cases of human identification based on radiographic endodontic records. From 2009 to 2012, three unknown male victims of murder were examined in a local Brazilian medico-legal institute to retrieve identity and potential cause of death...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935913/forensic-odontology-a-boon-to-community-in-medico-legal-affairs
#9
R Chidambaram
Forensic odontology is a sub-discipline of dental science which involves the relationship between dentistry and the law. The specialty of forensic odontology is applied in radiographic investigation, human bite marks analysis, anthropologic examination and during mass disasters. Besides the fact that radiographs require pretentious laboratory, it is still claimed to be a facile, rapid, non-invasive method of age identification in the deceased. The budding DNA technology has conquered the traditional procedures and currently being contemplated as chief investigating tool in revealing the hidden mysteries of victims and suspects, especially in hopeless circumstances...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#10
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859228/testing-a-novel-3d-printed-radiographic-imaging-device-for-use-in-forensic-odontology
#11
Tara L Newcomb, Ann M Bruhn, Bridget Giles, Hector M Garcia, Norou Diawara
There are specific challenges related to forensic dental radiology and difficulties in aligning X-ray equipment to teeth of interest. Researchers used 3D printing to create a new device, the combined holding and aiming device (CHAD), to address the positioning limitations of current dental X-ray devices. Participants (N = 24) used the CHAD, soft dental wax, and a modified external aiming device (MEAD) to determine device preference, radiographer's efficiency, and technique errors. Each participant exposed six X-rays per device for a total of 432 X-rays scored...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833335/the-role-of-dentistry-in-disaster-management-and-victim-identification-an-overview-of-challenges-in-indo-nepal-scenario
#12
REVIEW
Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Purnima Singh, Deepak Passi, Don Varghese, Sarang Sharma
BACKGROUND: Recently, natural disasters and terrorist activities have been leading to mass casualty situations unexpectedly around the globe. In addition to the traditional emergency medical services centering around medically trained and paramedic personnel, dental practitioners having vital skills and attributes may be important in responding to a mass casualty situation. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at discussing the role of dentists in disaster management and the role of forensic odontology in the disaster victim identification (DVI), its status in India and some suggestions to develop the plans for same...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810383/mesiodistal-and-faciolingual-diameters-of-the-permanent-teeth-in-a-jordanian-population
#13
Ashraf I Shaweesh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide, for a Jordanian population, the first norms of the faciolingual diameters of the permanent dentition and the mesiodistal diameters of the second molars and to provide and review previously published data on the mesiodistal diameters of the permanent teeth up to the first molars in order to investigate any secular trends. DESIGN: Mesiodistal and faciolingual diameters of the permanent teeth were manually measured on 204 archival pretreatment study casts of adolescents (80 males and 124 females) aged 11-18 years...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630974/gold-tooth-tattoos-identifying-features-in-forensic-odontology
#14
Roma Yadav, Abhishek Yadav, Radhika Rai, Meetika Pahuja, Savita Solanki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583219/forensic-revolution-need-maintenance-of-dental-records-of-patients-by-the-dentists-a-descriptive-study
#15
Anamika Gupta, Gaurav Mishra, Hemant Bhutani, Chetan Hoshing, Ashish Bhalla
OBJECTIVES: With the growth of forensic odontology, dental records have become an essential source of information, especially for medicolegal cases in general practice. It is mandated by the law that every dentist must keep some kind of records for every patient they treat. After the death of an individual, remnants of teeth are usually damaged at the last among all body parts. Dental records assist in personal identification in cases of mass disasters, criminal investigations, and medicolegal issues...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555736/a-questionnaire-survey-on-forensic-odontology-are-we-really-aware
#16
Ankita Sahni, Shweta Rehani, Yulia Mathias, Priyanka Kardam, Ruchi Nagpal, Rashmi Kumari
INTRODUCTION: The role of a dentist is not only to examine and treat the oral diseases but also to assist the legal authorities by means of its branch-forensic odontology. Through forensic odontology, a dentist plays a very important role in crime investigation of any type. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge, awareness, and interest of forensic odontology among the dental teaching staff who are working in the dental colleges within the Delhi NCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 12 questions (both open-ended and close-ended) was prepared and the survey was conducted with 200 dental teaching staff...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555721/correlation-of-calcification-of-permanent-mandibular-canine-mandibular-premolars-and-permanent-mandibular-first-and-second-molars-with-skeletal-maturity-in-indian-population
#17
Pawan C Motghare, Aarti S Bedia, Shirish S Degwekar, Atul D Indurkar, Sumit Bedia
CONTEXT: Morphological variation in children can be understood by the knowledge of growth and development. The state of dental development can be used in forensic odontology to ascertain the age of an unidentified child. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationship of the stages of calcification of the permanent mandibular canine, mandibular premolars, and permanent mandibular first and second molars with skeletal maturity using panoramic and hand-wrist radiographs...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461811/determination-of-physical-height-from-crown-dimensions-of-deciduous-tooth-a-dental-morphometric-study
#18
C Ramanna, Venkatesh V Kamath, C Sharada, N Srikanth
BACKGROUND: Dental morphometrics is a subject of great significance in forensic odontology in identification of an individual. Use of teeth to represent a physical profile is valuable for identification of an individual. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to assess the clinical crown length (CL) of erupted deciduous teeth and height of the child. A correlation of these parameters was attempted to arrive at a mathematical equation which would formulate a ratio of tooth CL to individual height that would support in estimating the probable height of the child...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437355/linear-odontometric-analysis-of-permanent-dentition-as-a-forensic-aid-a-retrospective-study
#19
Sharlene Sara Babu, Sunil Sukumaran Nair, Devi Gopakumar, Nisha Kurian, Arjun Parameswar, Tibin Kaithappillil Baby
INTRODUCTION: Sex determination in forensic anthropology is an essential step for medico-legal purposes and crucial for identification as the number of possible matches is reduced to 50%. Teeth are an excellent material for anthropological, genetic, odontological and forensic investigations as they are known to resist a variety of ante-mortem and post-mortem insults. Sexual dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction is found to vary in different population and therefore it is necessary to determine specific population values in order to make identification possible...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404405/a-retrospective-review-of-forensic-odontology-reports-written-by-the-joint-pow-mia-accounting-command-central-identification-laboratory-for-remains-identified-from-the-korean-war
#20
Calvin Y Shiroma
As of August 2014, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command has identified the remains of 1980 previously unknown U.S. service members; 280 were from the Korean War. To determine the accuracy and completeness of the available antemortem (AM) dental records, a review of the AM/postmortem (AM/PM) dental record comparisons from 233 Forensic Odontology Reports written in support of remains identified from the Korean War was performed. Seventy-two AM/PM comparisons resulted in exact dental chartings while 161 contained discrepancies which were explainable...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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