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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738212/the-pattern-of-self-harm-in-fars-province-in-south-iran-a-population-based-study
#1
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mozhghan Zahmatkeshan, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Elaheh Ghaffari, Sanaz Hoseni
Non-suicidal self-harm includes cutting, scratching, burning and minor overdosing. There have been few studies that have examined the rate and pattern of self-harm among different individuals of the society. We performed a population-based study to determine different aspects of non-suicidal self-harm in cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars Province and south Iran. In a population-based longitudinal survey, we applied data from cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars province...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738161/belted-driver-fatalities-time-of-death-and-risk-by-injury-severity
#2
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau
PURPOSE: This study is a descriptive study of the fatality risk by injury severity and time of death for lap-shoulder belted drivers without ejection in modern vehicles. It also determined the body region for severe injuries experienced by the belted drivers using the most recent federal crash data. METHODS: 1997-2015 NASS-CDS data was evaluated for fatally-injured lap-shoulder belted drivers without ejection in light vehicles of 1997+ model year (MY). The severity of injuries sustained by the belted drivers was assessed by MAIS and individual injuries by AIS and body region...
July 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735880/age-does-not-affect-the-outcome-after-digital-nerve-repair-in-children-a-retrospective-long-term-follow-up
#3
Hans-Eric Rosberg, Derya Burcu Hazer Rosberg, Illugi Birkisson, Lars B Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Digital nerve injuries in children are not common, but they are considered to have an excellent prognosis, compared to adults, after nerve injury and repair. In studies including both children and adults age have been found to have an effect on outcome after nerve repair. METHODS: We investigated in a retrospective follow up study the long-time result after digital nerve injury and repair in children, 1-16 years of age (n = 38), and evaluate if age influences outcome...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734536/evaluation-of-functional-outcome-after-nonsurgical-management-of-terrible-triad-injuries-of-the-elbow
#4
Farid Najd Mazhar, Davod Jafari, Alireza Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: Terrible triad (TT) is one of the severe injuries of the elbow that generally requires surgery. Nonsurgical treatment has recently been applied in selected cases of TT injury. Evaluation of the results of this treatment was the main aim of this study. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 10 patients with a mean follow-up of 30.6 months were evaluated. The inclusion criteria included a congruent joint after closed reduction, no indication for surgery of the coronoid and radial head fractures, no block in supination and pronation up to 60°, no intra-articular fragments, and a free and stable joint with ulnohumeral extension up to a minimum of 45°...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733100/long-term-outcomes-after-distal-scaphoid-fractures-a-10-year-follow-up
#5
Martin Clementson, Niels Thomsen, Jack Besjakov, Peter Jørgsholm, Anders Björkman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional, clinical, and radiological outcome 10 years after distal scaphoid fractures. METHODS: From a prospective epidemiological study on posttraumatic radial-sided wrist pain, we evaluated 41 cases of distal scaphoid fractures. All cases had been treated nonsurgically in a thumb spica cast. Patients were examined using radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography at the time of injury and with computed tomography after a median of 10 years (range, 8-11 years)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732481/central-and-peripheral-fatigue-development-in-the-shoulder-muscle-with-obesity-during-an-isometric-endurance-task
#6
Mojdeh Pajoutan, Mahboobeh Ghesmaty Sangachin, Lora A Cavuoto
BACKGROUND: Fatigue increases the likelihood of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders and injury. Due to the physiological and neuromuscular changes that accompany obesity, it may alter the fatigue development mechanism and exacerbate injury risk. The upper extremities have the highest incidence rates for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, the goals of this study were to investigate the effect of obesity on central vs. peripheral fatigue as well as on the physical signs of fatigue on the middle deltoid muscle...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#7
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728062/investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-injury-severity-of-single-vehicle-rollover-crashes-a-random-effects-generalized-ordered-probit-model
#8
Alireza Jafari Anarkooli, Mehdi Hosseinpour, Adele Kardar
Rollover crashes are responsible for a notable number of serious injuries and fatalities; hence, they are of great concern to transportation officials and safety researchers. However, only few published studies have analyzed the factors associated with severity outcomes of rollover crashes. This research has two objectives. The first objective is to investigate the effects of various factors, of which some have been rarely reported in the existing studies, on the injury severities of single-vehicle (SV) rollover crashes based on six-year crash data collected on the Malaysian federal roads...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725503/patient-rated-wrist-evaluation-spanish-version-and-evaluation-of-its-psychometric-properties-in-patients-with-acute-distal-radius-fracture
#9
Veronica Alfie, Gerardo Gallucci, Jorge Boretto, Agustin Donndorff, Juieta Puig Dubois, Sonia Benitez, Diego Giunta, Pablo de Carli
Purpose  The purpose of this paper is to validate a Spanish version of patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) and evaluate its psychometric attributes in a population of patients with distal radius fracture. Material and Methods  A translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the PRWE to Spanish (PRWE-S) was performed according to standardized guidelines. A total of 50 patients with a distal radius fracture were included during the different steps of the study. The reliability of the new instrument was assessed in terms of construct validity with the Quick DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand)...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721447/direct-repair-of-the-sagittal-band-for-extensor-tendon-subluxation-caused-by-finger-flicking
#10
In Tae Hong, Chi Hoon Oh, Young Suk Sim, Soo Hong Han
PURPOSE: For patients with metacarpophalangeal (MCP) extensor tendon subluxation caused by finger flicking injury, we performed an extensor tendon realignment and direct repair technique. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome after direct repair of the sagittal band in patients with MCP extensor tendon subluxation caused by finger flicking injury and to introduce the repair technique. METHODS: A total of 26 patients with a mean age of 39...
July 18, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719555/the-influence-of-shortening-on-clinical-outcome-in-healed-displaced-midshaft-clavicular-fractures-after-nonoperative-treatment
#11
E B Goudie, N D Clement, I R Murray, C R Lawrence, M Wilson, A J Brooksbank, C M Robinson
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of clavicular shortening, measured with 3-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT), on functional outcomes and satisfaction in patients with healed displaced midshaft clavicular fractures up to 1 year following injury. METHODS: The data used in this study were collected as part of a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial of open reduction and plate fixation compared with nonoperative treatment for acute, displaced midshaft clavicular factures...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717892/a-population-based-study-of-injuries-to-the-brachial-plexus-and-to-the-peripheral-nerves-of-the-shoulder-girdle-and-upper-limb-in-the-italian-region-friuli-venezia-giulia
#12
Francesca Valent, Roberto Eleopra, Paolo Manganotti, Paolo Passadore
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, identify the causes, and explore treatments of the injuries to the brachial plexus and peripheral nerves of the shoulder girdle and upper limb in the 1,220,000-inhabitant Italian region Friuli Venezia Giulia.We linked at the individual patient level various administrative databases using an anonymous stochastic key: list of residents, hospital discharge, emergency department, and outpatient care prescriptions database. We abstracted hospital discharge records with at least one discharge diagnosis code ICD-9-CM 953...
July 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715302/characterization-of-humeral-head-displacements-during-dynamic-glenohumeral-neuromuscular-control-exercises-using-quantitative-ultrasound-imaging-a-feasibility-study
#13
Guillaume Desroches, François Desmeules, Dany H Gagnon
The objectives of the present study were to test the feasibility of measuring humeral head displacements using quantitative ultrasound imaging during the performance of two different dynamic glenohumeral neuromuscular control exercises and to investigate the influence of these exercises on the acromiohumeral distance (AHD) and anterior-posterior distance (APD). Ten individuals who have no history of shoulder injury at the non-dominant shoulder completed three repetitions of an active humeral head lowering exercise and three repetitions of a posteriorisation exercise in a random order in a seated position...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714759/effects-of-rigid-and-kinesio-taping-on-shoulder-rotation-motions-posterior-shoulder-tightness-and-posture-in-asymptomatic-overhead-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Damla Gulpinar, Sibel Tekeli Ozer, Sevgi S Yesilyaprak
CONTEXT: Alterations in posture and motion patterns are thought to play a role in developing shoulder injuries in overhead athletes. Taping is widely used in the sporting population, but there are limited empirical data regarding its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the effects of rigid and kinesio taping on shoulder rotation motions, posterior shoulder tightness (PST) and posture in overhead athletes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711169/the-risk-of-suprascapular-and-axillary-nerve-injury-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-an-anatomic-study
#15
Tim Leschinger, Michael Hackl, Eduard Buess, Sebastian Lappen, Martin Scaal, Lars Peter Müller, Kilian Wegmann
PURPOSE: Implantation of a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) places the axillary and suprascapular nerves at risk. The aim of this anatomic study was to digitally analyse the location of these nerves in relation to bony landmarks in order to predict their path and thereby help to reduce the risk of neurological complications during the procedure. METHODS: A total of 22 human cadaveric shoulder specimens were used in this study. The axillary and suprascapular nerves were dissected, and radiopaque threads were sutured onto the nerves without mobilizing the nerves from their native paths...
June 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710547/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-shoulder-and-elbow-score
#16
Giovanni Merolla, Katia Corona, Gustavo Zanoli, Simone Cerciello, Stefano Giannotti, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow score is a reliable and sensitive tool to measure the performance of overhead athletes. The purpose of this study was to carry out a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the KJOC questionnaire in Italian and to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety professional athletes with a painful shoulder were included in this study and were assigned to the "injury group" (n = 32) or the "overuse group" (n = 58); 65 were managed conservatively and 25 were treated by arthroscopic surgery...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710344/position-of-immobilization-after-first-time-traumatic-anterior-glenohumeral-dislocation-a-literature-review
#17
Olga Gutkowska, Jacek Martynkiewicz, Jerzy Gosk
Anterior glenohumeral dislocation affects about 2% of the general population during the lifetime. The incidence of traumatic glenohumeral dislocation ranges from 8.2 to 26.69 per 100 000 population per year. The most common complication is recurrent dislocation occurring in 17-96% of the patients. The majority of patients are treated conservatively by closed reduction and immobilization in internal rotation for 2-3 weeks. However, no clear conservative treatment protocol exists. Immobilization in external rotation can be considered an alternative...
July 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709767/obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#18
Patricia O'Berry, Mackenzie Brown, Leslie Phillips, Sarah Helen Evans
Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy is a disorder of the peripheral nervous system and occurs in as many as 0.4% of infants born. It is associated with shoulder dystocia, use of mechanical extraction, and macrosomia; it occurs more frequently in infants born by vaginal delivery. The unilateral injury to the brachial plexus complex occurs during the delivery phase as lateral traction is applied to the head to permit shoulder clearance. The infant typically presents in the delivery room with decreased active movements of the affected arm and asymmetrical primitive reflex responses...
July 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708704/shoulder-injuries-in-canoeing-and-kayaking
#19
Philip Holland, Emma Torrance, Lennard Funk
OBJECTIVE: We report the largest case series of shoulder injuries among paddlers so far to establish common mechanisms and patterns of injury. We also discuss how these injuries were managed and report the proportion of paddlers that return to paddlesport. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Upper Limb Unit, Wrightington Hospital, United Kingdom. Manchester Arm Clinic, United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven shoulder injuries to professional and recreational paddlers were reviewed at a mean follow-up time of 55 months from the first consultation...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707114/the-shoulder-instability-return-to-sport-after-injury-sirsi-a-valid-and-reproducible-scale-to-quantify-psychological-readiness-to-return-to-sport-after-traumatic-shoulder-instability
#20
Antoine Gerometta, Shahnaz Klouche, Serge Herman, Nicolas Lefevre, Yoann Bohu
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to propose and validate a tool to quantify the psychological readiness of athletes to return to sport following traumatic shoulder instability and conservative or surgical management. METHODS: «Knee» was replaced by the term «shoulder» in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Return to Sport after Injury scale. This pilot test of the Shoulder Instability-Return to Sport after Injury scale (SIRSI) was performed in a group of athletes who underwent surgery for post-traumatic chronic anterior shoulder instability...
July 13, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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