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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786625/differences-in-glenohumeral-joint-rotation-and-peak-power-output-between-super-league-and-championship-rugby-league-players
#1
Matthew R Haines
Haines, MR. Differences in glenohumeral joint rotation and peak power output between Super League and Championship Rugby League players. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1685-1691, 2018-Rugby league is a high-intensity sport with large impact forces sustained during play, resulting in high prevalence of shoulder injury. Consequently, shoulder strength and player power are important considerations for injury prevention and performance. Additionally, professional teams regularly compete against semiprofessional teams, where differences in physical conditioning could be marked...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785405/prevalence-and-consequences-of-injuries-in-powerlifting-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Edit Strömbäck, Ulrika Aasa, Kajsa Gilenstam, Lars Berglund
Background: Powerlifting consists of the squat, bench press, and dead lift, and extreme loads are lifted during training and competitions. Previous studies, which have defined an injury as an event that causes an interruption in training or competitions, have reported a relatively low frequency of powerlifting injuries (1.0-4.4 injuries/1000 hours of training). No previous study has investigated the prevalence of injuries, defined as a condition of pain or impairment of bodily function that affects powerlifters' training, in a balanced sample of men and women, and no studies have established possible risk factors for an injury...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781908/musculoskeletal-injury-in-paddle-sport-athletes
#3
Andrew R Griffin, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith
INTRODUCTION: Kayak racing has been an Olympic sport since 1936. The sport is evolving with the introduction of ocean skis and stand-up-paddle boards (SUP). Musculoskeletal injury incidence surveys have been conducted for ultra-marathon events, but no data have been published for other racing formats. OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare the rates and types of injuries sustained by paddling athletes as a function of discipline and training parameters in Sprint, Marathon, Ultra-Marathon, and Ocean events...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780821/a-role-for-postoperative-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-multitissue-hand-injuries
#4
Hyung Sup Shim, Ji Seon Choi, Sang Wha Kim
In this study, we compared outcomes in patients with acute hand injury, who were managed with or without negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) after reconstructive surgery. All of the patients who sustained acute and multitissue injuries of the hand were identified. After reconstructive surgery, a conventional dressing was applied in Group 1 and NPWT was applied in Group 2. The dressing and NPWT were changed every 3 days. The mean age and Hand Injury Severity Scoring System score of both groups were not significantly different...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779979/intercalary-prosthetic-reconstruction-for-pathologic-diaphyseal-humeral-fractures-due-to-metastatic-tumors-outcomes-and-improvements
#5
Jie Zhao, Xiu-Chun Yu, Ming Xu, Kai Zheng, Yong-Cheng Hu, Feng Wang, Deng-Xing Lun
BACKGROUND: There is a high aseptic loosening rate for intercalary prosthetic reconstruction for malignant tumors. We evaluated outcomes and complications of intercalary prosthetic reconstruction for pathologic diaphyseal humeral fractures and report the application of an extracortical plate that can prevent early loosening. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9 patients who underwent intercalary prosthetic reconstruction for pathologic diaphyseal humeral fractures secondary to metastatic diseases between March 2011 and September 2017...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777951/experimental-referred-pain-extends-towards-previously-injured-location-an-explorative-study
#6
Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson, Shellie A Boudreau, Hans Jørgen Krebs, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Facilitated pain mechanisms have been demonstrated in musculoskeletal pain but it is unclear whether a recent painful injury leaves the pain system sensitized. Pain characteristics were assessed in individuals who recently recovered from ankle pain (recovered pain group; n=25) and sex-matched controls (n=25) in response to tonic-pressure pain and saline-induced pain applied at the shin muscle. Pain intensity and pain referral patterns were recorded bilaterally after the painful muscle stimulus. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were measured at the lower legs and shoulder...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776470/clinical-outcomes-of-anconeus-interposition-arthroplasty-after-radial-head-resection-in-native-and-prosthetic-radial-heads
#7
Hithem Rahmi, Julie A Neumann, Christopher Klein, Carola F van Eck, Brian K Lee, John Itamura
BACKGROUND: Radiocapitellar pathology after traumatic injury to the elbow can be challenging to treat. The anconeus interposition arthroplasty has been proposed to treat radiocapitellar or proximal radioulnar joint dysfunction and pain, or both. This study evaluated whether radial head excision (native or prosthetic), followed by an anconeus interposition arthroplasty, relieves pain and improves subjective and objective elbow function in patients with post-traumatic radiocapitellar pathology...
June 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772854/-observation-of-early-clinical-effect-of-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-technology-in-treating-cervical-spondylotic-radiculopathy
#8
Ying-Chun Zhang, Tai-Sheng Chen, Hua Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the early clinical effect and safety of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic technology for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. METHODS: From August 2016 to September 2017, 14 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy who responded poorly to non-surgical treatment for at least 6 weeks underwent percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy via posterior approach. There were 6 males and 8 females, aging from 32 to 68 years old with an average of (40...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771483/managing-shoulder-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-fracture-dislocation-and-overuse
#9
Richard Pescatore, Andrew Nyce
The complex structures of the shoulder can be injured by fracture, dislocation, and overuse, and correctly identifying and classifying injury is essential to avoiding pain, disability, and life- and limb-threatening complications. This issue presents a systematic approach to classifying shoulder injuries based on the mechanism of injury and clinical presentation, choosing appropriate imaging, and determining the best strategies for treatment, including reduction, surgical consultation, or outpatient referral...
June 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771138/rate-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-high-school-baseball-pitchers-who-played-catcher-as-a-secondary-position
#10
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Sakiko Oyama, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT:   Many high school pitchers play another position after they have finished pitching for the day or on their rest days from pitching. Because of the cumulative demands on the arm, pitchers who also play catcher may have a greater risk of developing a throwing-related shoulder or elbow injury. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the rate of throwing-related upper extremity injuries between high school baseball pitchers who also played catcher as a secondary position and those who did not play catcher...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769141/single-coracoclavicular-suture-fixation-with-mersilene-tape-versus-hook-plate-in-the-treatment-of-acute-type-v-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Ying-Cheng Huang, Shan-Wei Yang, Chun-Yu Chen, Kai-Cheng Lin, Jenn-Huei Renn
BACKGROUND: Here, we compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between coracoclavicular (CC) fixation with Mersilene tape and hook plate for acute unstable acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation treatment. METHODS: We enrolled 49 patients with unstable acute AC dislocation who, between January 2010 and January 2014, underwent surgery with single CC suture fixation with Mersilene tape (M group, 25 cases) or clavicle hook plate (H group, 24 cases). In M and H groups, the average age was 43...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768631/distal-nerve-transfers-a-perspective-on-the-future-of-reconstructive-microsurgery
#12
David Chwei-Chin Chuang
BACKGROUND:  Nerve transfer can be broadly separated into two categories: proximal nerve graft and/or transfer and distal nerve transfer. The superiority of proximal nerve graft/transfer over distal nerve transfer strategy has been debated extensively, but which strategy is the best has not yet been defined. Each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. However, proximal nerve graft/transfer is still the main reconstructive procedure based on the principle of "no diagnosis, then no treatment...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764283/minimally-invasive-thread-trigger-digit-release-a-preliminary-report-on-34-digits-of-the-adult-hands
#13
Danqing Guo, Logan McCool, Alexander Senk, Brionn Tonkin, Joseph Guo, Rachel M Lytie, Danzhu Guo
The trigger finger release was performed in 34 digits (11 thumbs and 23 fingers) of 24 patients through the thread transecting technique with the tip-to-tip approach, in which a 22-gauge needle inserts into a 18-gauge needle when both needles are inside the hand, guiding the 22-gauge needle to exit the hand at the same access point of 18-gauge needle. We prospectively evaluated the effectiveness and functional recovery of these patients. In all 34 digits, triggering and locking were resolved, and complete extension and flexion occurred immediately following the release...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762439/clinical-outcomes-of-explosion-injuries-to-the-hand
#14
Elizabeth A King, Breana R Siljander, Kagan Ozer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report clinical outcomes in a cohort of 12 patients with explosion injuries to the hand. METHODS: Twelve male patients with a mean age of 42.4 years (SD, 7.2) were examined at a mean of 54 months after sustaining explosion injuries to the hand. All patients underwent primary reconstruction and early soft tissue coverage within 72 hours after their injuries. Total active range of motion and moving 2-point discrimination in each digit were recorded along with hand injury severity score (HISS), disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score, and American Medical Association (AMA) impairment ratings...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762283/five-to-ten-year-outcomes-of-operatively-treated-scapular-fractures
#15
Joscelyn M Tatro, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Lisa K Schroder, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the 5 to 10-year clinical and patient-reported functional outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular and extra-articular scapular fractures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 106 patients who underwent ORIF of a scapular fracture at a single level-I trauma center between January 2005 and December 2010. Eight patients were excluded from the study because they had either severe neurologic injury or an isolated process fracture, and 66 patients (37 with an isolated extra-articular fracture and 29 with an intra-articular fracture) participated in the 5 to 10-year follow-up, yielding a follow-up rate of 67%...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762114/pectoralis-major-tendon-insertion-anatomy-and-description-of-a-novel-anatomic-reference
#16
Joseph H Dannenbaum, Michael D Eckhoff, Joseph W Galvin, Betsey K Bean, David J Wilson, Edward D Arrington
Pectoralis major rupture is an uncommon injury often treated surgically, requiring anatomic knowledge of the tendon insertion. This study defines the pectoralis major tendon insertion footprint and a novel anatomic relationship. Twelve cadaver shoulders were evaluated andmeasured using a standard surgical ruler to demonstrate the normal anatomic footprint. Measurements were taken from the anterior medial margin of the articular surface of the humeral head to the superior margin of the pectoralis major insertion and its relation to the latissimus dorsi tendon insertion...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746146/predictors-of-elbow-torque-among-youth-and-adolescent-baseball-pitchers
#17
Kelechi R Okoroha, Vincent A Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Christopher S Ahmad, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric C Makhni
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing incidence of overuse elbow injuries among youth and adolescent pitchers. Pitch type has been implicated as a risk factor for excess torque at the medial elbow; however, this has not been definitively demonstrated. PURPOSE: To assess predictors of torque across the medial elbow in youth and adolescent pitchers with a mobile sensor. In addition, the authors aimed to determine the differences in elbow torque produced according to pitch type (fastball, curveball, changeup) and pitcher demographics...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745218/functional-movement-screen-scores-in-a-group-of-division-ia-athletes
#18
Joshua M Miller, Kyle J Susa
BACKGROUND: To determine mean values of the Functional Movement Screen scores in Division IA collegiate athletes. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one Division I collegiate athletes were recruited to participate in the study. The Functional Movement Screen was performed during pre- participation screenings prior to the beginning of the season. All athletes performed all seven tests and clearing tests as part of their participation. All the athletes were injury free at the time of testing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741391/relationship-between-deltoid-and-rotator-cuff-muscles-during-dynamic-shoulder-abduction-a-biomechanical-study-of-rotator-cuff-tear-progression
#19
Felix Dyrna, Neil S Kumar, Elifho Obopilwe, Bastian Scheiderer, Brendan Comer, Michael Nowak, Anthony A Romeo, Augustus D Mazzocca, Knut Beitzel
BACKGROUND: Previous biomechanical studies regarding deltoid function during glenohumeral abduction have primarily used static testing protocols. HYPOTHESES: (1) Deltoid forces required for scapular plane abduction increase as simulated rotator cuff tears become larger, and (2) maximal abduction decreases despite increased deltoid forces. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Twelve fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders with a mean age of 67 years (range, 64-74 years) were used...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734889/oberlin-s-transfer-long-term-outcomes
#20
Karlis Verdins, Martins Kapickis
BACKGROUND: Brachial plexus injury is very commonly associated with road traffic accidents, and frequently affects young adults, causing significant disability and impact on quality of life. The successful treatment of upper plexus injury with the Oberlin technique to restore elbow flexion with good functional results. METHODS: We retrieved the records of all patients with upper plexus injury who underwent Oberlin transfer operation between March 2007 and July 2012...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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