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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238500/evaluation-of-early-childhood-home-visiting-to-prevent-medically-attended-unintentional-injury
#1
Alonzo T Folger, Katherine A Bowers, Judith W Dexheimer, Ting Sa, Eric S Hall, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the influence of home visiting on the risk for medically attended unintentional injury during home visiting (0 to 3 years) and subsequent to home visiting (3 to 5 years). METHODS: A retrospective, quasi-experimental study was conducted in a cohort of mother-child pairs in Hamilton County, OH. The birth cohort (2006 to 2012) was linked to administrative home visiting records and data from a population-based injury surveillance system containing records of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236289/mortality-among-black-men-in-the-usa
#2
Elizabeth B Pathak
IMPORTANCE: Black men have the lowest life expectancy of all major ethnic-sex populations in the USA, yet no recent studies have comprehensively examined black male mortality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze recent mortality trends for black men, including black to white (B to W) disparities. DESIGN: The study design was national mortality surveillance for 2000 to 2014. SETTING: The setting was the USA...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226252/linkage-of-traffic-crash-and-hospitalization-records-with-limited-identifiers-for-enhanced-public-health-surveillance
#3
Sarah Conderino, Lawrence Fung, Slavenka Sedlar, Jennifer M Norton
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle traffic (MVT) crashes kill or seriously injure approximately 4250 people in New York City (NYC) each year. Traditionally, NYC surveillance practices use hospitalization and crash data separately to monitor trends in MVT-related injuries, but key information linking crash circumstances to health outcomes is lost when analyzing these data sources in isolation. Our objective was to match crash reports to hospitalization records to create a traffic injury surveillance dataset that can be used to describe crash circumstances and related injury outcomes...
February 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#4
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#5
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196830/the-benefits-of-data-linkage-for-firefighter-injury-surveillance
#6
Shannon A Widman, Michael T LeVasseur, Loni P Tabb, Jennifer A Taylor
BACKGROUND: While survey data are available for national estimates of fire events and firefighter fatalities, data on firefighter injury at the national and local levels remain incomplete and unreliable. Data linkage provides a vehicle to maximise case detection and deepen injury description for the US fire service. METHODS: By linking departmental Human Resources records, despatch data, workers' compensation and first reports of injury, researchers were able to describe reported non-fatal injuries to 3063 uniformed members of the Philadelphia Fire Department (PFD), for the period of 2005 through 2013...
February 14, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195958/rehospitalization-in-the-first-year-following-veteran-and-service-member-tbi-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#7
Johanna Tran, Flora Hammond, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Xinyu Tang, Blessen Eapen, Marissa McCarthy, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and causes of rehospitalization following military or Veteran traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Veterans Health Administration Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VHA PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive sample of VHA TBI Model System participants (N = 401). DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. MAIN MEASURES: Number and type of rehospitalizations in first year post-TBI...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193628/management-of-endocrine-disease-neuroendocrine-surveillance-and-management-of-neurosurgical-patients-non-pituitary
#8
Aoife Garrahy, Mark Sherlock, Chris J Thompson
Advances in the management of traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid haemorrhage and intracranial tumours have led to improved survival rates and an increased focus on quality of life of survivors. Endocrine sequelae of the acute brain insult and subsequent neurosurgery, peri-operative fluid administration and/or cranial irradiation are now well described. Unrecognized acute hypopituitarism, particularly ACTH/cortisol deficiency and diabetes insipidus, can be life-threatening. While hypopituitarism may be transient, up to 30% of survivors of TBI have chronic hypopituitarism, which can diminish quality of life and hamper rehabilitation...
February 13, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193194/the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-health-in-older-women-opach-study
#9
Andrea Z LaCroix, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, David Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, Steve Marshall, Michael J LaMonte, Julie Hunt, Lesley Fels Tinker, Marcia Stefanick, Cora E Lewis, John Bellettiere, Amy H Herring
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to inform physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior guidelines for older people, especially women. Rigorous evidence on the amounts, intensities, and movement patterns associated with better health in later life is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The Objective PA and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) Study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Program that examines associations of accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior with cardiovascular and fall events...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188224/lung-pericyte-like-cells-are-functional-immune-sentinel-cells
#10
Chi F Hung, Kristen L Mittelsteadt, Rena Brauer, Bonnie L McKinney, Teal S Hallstrand, William C Parks, Peter Chen, Lynn M Schnapp, W Conrad Liles, Jeremy S Duffield, William A Altemeier
Pericytes are perivascular PDGFRβ+ stromal cells required for vasculogenesis and maintenance of microvascular homeostasis in many organs. Because of their unique juxtaposition to microvascular endothelium, lung PDGFRβ+ cells are well situated to detect pro-inflammatory molecules released following epithelial injury and promote acute inflammatory responses. Thus, we hypothesized that these cells represent an unrecognized immune surveillance or injury-sentinel interstitial cell. To evaluate this hypothesis, we isolated PDGFRβ+ cells from murine lung and demonstrated that they have characteristics consistent with a pericyte population (referred to as pericyte-like cells for simplicity hereafter)...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186434/missed-opportunities-to-prevent-workplace-injuries-and-fatalities
#11
Marta Helen Woolford, Lyndal Bugeja, Tim Driscoll, Joseph Elias Ibrahim
Prevention efforts, especially in high-income countries, have reduced work-related death and injury. Despite this, the global incidence of workplace fatalities remains unacceptably high with approximately 317 million incidents occurring on the job annually. Of particular concern is the occurrence and re-occurrence of incidents with a similar cause and circumstance, such as fatalities occurring in agriculture and transport industries. Efforts to reduce workplace fatalities include surveillance and reporting, investigation, and regulation...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185193/activation-and-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#12
Pravin J Mishra, Debabrata Banerjee
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells and exhibit two main characteristics that define stem cells: self-renewal and differentiation. MSCs can migrate to sites of injury, inflammation, and tumor. Moreover, MSCs undergo myofibroblast like differentiation, including increased production of α-SMA in response to transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a growth factor commonly secreted by tumor cells to evade immune surveillance. Based on our previous finding hMSCs become activated and resemble carcinoma-associated myofibroblasts upon prolonged exposure to conditioned medium from MDAMB231 human breast cancer cells...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182606/elevated-blood-lead-levels-associated-with-retained-bullet-fragments-united-states-2003-2012
#13
Debora Weiss, Carrie D Tomasallo, Jon G Meiman, Walter Alarcon, Nathan M Graber, Kristine M Bisgard, Henry A Anderson
An estimated 115,000 firearm injuries occur annually in the United States, and approximately 70% are nonfatal (1). Retained bullet fragments (RBFs) are an infrequently reported, but important, cause of lead toxicity; symptoms are often nonspecific and can appear years after suffering a gunshot wound (2,3). Adult blood lead level (BLL) screening is most commonly indicated for monitoring of occupational lead exposure; routine testing of adults with RBFs is infrequent (3). States collaborate with CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to monitor elevated BLLs through the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program (4,5)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176028/occupational-risks-and-exposures-among-wildlife-health-professionals
#14
Gemina Garland-Lewis, Christopher Whittier, Suzan Murray, Sally Trufan, Peter M Rabinowitz
Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in origin, with wildlife a frequent source of zoonotic disease events. Although individuals with extensive wildlife contact may be at the greatest risk of contracting novel infectious agents, the occupational risk of those working closely with wildlife has not been well studied. This study assessed the occupational exposures among wildlife health professionals working in multiple countries worldwide. An occupational risk survey of past and present exposures was developed and administered online in a confidential manner to wildlife workers recruited through an ongoing international wildlife pathogen surveillance project...
February 7, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173743/the-burden-of-trauma-at-a-district-hospital-in-malawi
#15
Zahra Jaffry, Linda C Chokotho, William J Harrison, Nyengo C Mkandawire
Trauma disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries, many of which do not have the surveillance systems required to design effective prevention and treatment strategies. The aim of this study was to establish such a system at a district hospital in Malawi. Data on all trauma patients presenting to Mulanje District Hospital from 14 April 2013 to 30 December 2014 were collected using a form based on the core minimum data points for injuries recommended by the World Health Organization and an injury severity assessment...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161918/bowled-over-by-cricket-impact-of-tape-ball-injuries-on-the-eyes
#16
Salman Naveed Sadiq, Azam Ali, Bushra Usmani, Khabir Ahmad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the type and severity of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries seen at a tertiary care hospital. DESIGN: A descriptive case series. METHODS: This study included all cases of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries presenting to the Section of Ophthalmology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to January 2015. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients with tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries were treated during this period...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149802/operative-bed-recurrence-of-thyroid-cancer-utility-of-a-preoperative-needle-localization-technique
#17
Oliver S Eng, Scott B Grant, Jason Weissler, Mitchell Simon, Sudipta Roychowdhury, Tomer Davidov, Stanley Z Trooskin
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of recurrent disease after total thyroidectomy and/or neck dissection for thyroid carcinoma remains a challenging clinical problem. Reoperation is associated with a significant increase in morbidity. Preoperative needle localization technique for non-palpable breast tumors has recently been extrapolated to head and neck surgery. We report on the use of preoperative ultrasound-guided needle localization for non-palpable recurrent operative bed disease as an intraoperative aid in resection...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149227/epidemiology-of-nosocomial-fungal-infections-in-the-national-center-for-burns-in-casablanca-morocco
#18
A Rafik, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Fungal infection is a leading cause of death in burns patients and incurs significant costs for burn units. Our aim was to determine epidemiology of these infections, and analyze risk factors in the burns intensive care unit of the National Center for Burns and Plastic Surgery at Ibn-Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca. It is a retrospective review of all patients admitted from 2011-2014 who developed cultures positive for fungal organisms. Criteria for nosocomial fungal infections were those of the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta (1988, revised 1992, 2004)...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146414/timing-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-competition-and-practice-in-high-school-sports
#19
Kyle Nagle, Bernadette Johnson, Lina Brou, Tyler Landman, Ada Sochanska, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Laboratory-based experiments demonstrate that fatigue may contribute to lower extremity injury (LEI). Few studies have examined the timing of LEIs during competition and practice, specifically in high school athletes across multiple sports, to consider the possible relationship between fatigue and LEIs during sport events. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the timing of LEIs in high school athletes within games and practices across multiple sports, with a hypothesis that more and severe injuries occur later in games and practices...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146396/epidemiological-patterns-of-ankle-sprains-in-youth-high-school-and-college-football
#20
Daniel R Clifton, Rachel M Koldenhoven, Jay Hertel, James A Onate, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Variations in ankle injury rates and distributions among competition levels are unclear, but such data may help inform strategies to prevent ankle sprains during American football. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiological patterns of ankle sprains in youth, high school (HS), and collegiate American football. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Data regarding youth, HS, and college football athletes were collected from 3 injury surveillance programs: (1) the Youth Football Safety Study (YFSS), (2) the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION), and (3) the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP)...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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