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Injury surveillance

Hanne Heszlein-Lossius, Yahya Al-Borno, Samar Shaqoura, Nashwa Skaik, Lasse Melvær Giil, Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: During four separate Israeli military attacks on Gaza (2006, 2009, 2012, and 2014), about 4000 Palestinians were killed and more than 17 000 injured (412 killed and 1264 injured in 2006; 1383 killed and more than 5300 injured in 2009; 130 killed and 1399 injured in 2012; and 2251 killed and 11 231 injured in 2014). An unknown number of people had traumatic amputations of one or more extremities. Use of unmanned Israeli drones for surveillance and armed attacks on Gaza was evident, but exact figures on numbers of drone strikes on Gaza are not available...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Dana E Goin, Kara E Rudolph, Jennifer Ahern
Interpersonal firearm violence is a leading cause of death and injuries in the United States. Identifying community characteristics associated with firearm violence is important to improve confounder selection and control in health research, to better understand community-level factors that are associated with firearm violence, and to enhance community surveillance and control of firearm violence. The objective of this research was to use machine learning to identify an optimal set of predictors for urban interpersonal firearm violence rates using a broad set of community characteristics...
March 14, 2018: Health & Place
David Wu, Adam Waalkes, Kelsi Penewit, Stephen J Salipante
BACKGROUND: Genomic chimerism, the co-occurrence of cells from different genetic origins, provides important diagnostic information in diverse clinical contexts, including graft injury detection and longitudinal surveillance of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients, but existing assays are limiting. Here we applied single-molecule molecular inversion probes (smMIPs), a high-throughput sequencing technology combining multiplexed target capture with read quantification mediated by unique molecular identifiers, to detect chimerism based on the presence or absence of polymorphic genomic loci...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Eiman Zargaran, Richard Spence, Lauren Adolph, Andrew Nicol, Nadine Schuurman, Pradeep Navsaria, Damon Ramsey, S Morad Hameed
Importance: Collection and analysis of up-to-date and accurate injury surveillance data are a key step in the maturation of trauma systems. Trauma registries have proven to be difficult to establish in low- and middle-income countries owing to the burden of trauma volume, cost, and complexity. Objective: To determine whether an electronic trauma health record (eTHR) used by physicians can serve as simultaneous clinical documentation and data acquisition tools. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-part quality improvement study included (1) preimplementation and postimplementation eTHR study with assessments of satisfaction by 41 trauma physicians, time to completion, and quality of data collected comparing paper and electronic charting; and (2) prospective ecologic study describing the burden of trauma seen at a Level I trauma center, using real-time data collected by the eTHR on consecutive patients during a 12-month study period...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Sutapa Mukhopadhyay, Annie Hirsch, Suze Etienne, Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Kanta Sircar, Maureen Orr
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) is an insidious gas responsible for approximately 21,000 emergency department visits, 2300 hospitalizations, and 500 deaths in the United States annually. We analyzed 10 combined years of data from two Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry acute hazardous substance release surveillance programs to evaluate CO incident-related injuries. METHODS: Seventeen states participated in these programs during 2005-2014. RESULTS: In those 10years, the states identified 1795 CO incidents...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rodrigo Ramos-Zúñiga, Elizabeth Sevilla, Yara Ursiel-Ortega
OBJETIVE: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) associated to alcohol consumption is a global public health problem. It is important to identify and rethink the strategies to approach this challenge for health institutions from a professional perspective. METHODS: An online survey, created with google forms, was sent to professional neurosurgeons in Mexico and Latin America. Participation was voluntary, and the responses were anonymous and confidential. Data were captured after a month and subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using Fisher's method and Chi Square...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Eva Schulz, Matthaeus Ernstbrunner, Thomas Hoffelner, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Maximilian Haas
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about injuries in canyoning. It was the purpose of this study to determine injury rates, patterns, causes and risk factors in canyoning; and to identify targets for future injury prevention strategies. METHODS: From May to October 2015, 109 participants from 17 different countries were prospectively followed via a monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During 13,690 h of canyoning, 57 injury-events occurred...
March 6, 2018: Injury
Katherine J Harmon, Marilyn Goss Haskell, Courtney H Mann, Anna E Waller
INTRODUCTION: North Carolina (NC) is home to more than 30 species of indigenous venomous and nonvenomous snakes. Snakebites can cause debilitating and potentially fatal injuries. However, there is a lack of current information available describing the incidence of snakebites in NC. Therefore, we performed this study of snakebites treated in NC emergency departments (EDs) using the statewide syndromic surveillance system, the North Carolina Disease Event Tracking and Epidemiologic Collection Tool (NC DETECT)...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Felix Fischer, Christian Hoser, Cornelia Blank, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Caroline Hepperger, Peter Gföller, Christian Fink
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS:  With its load characteristics, the team sport of football places high physical demands on players and thus is associated with a high risk of injury. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to collect information about injuries suffered by football players in Austria during training or matches to enable participating clubs to learn about injuries. METHODS:  One hundred and forty-five players from seven teams with age ranging from 16 to 38 years participated in this prospective study during the 2015/16 season...
March 12, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Sara Wuellner, Polly Phipps
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of the Bureau of Labor Statistics Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data is dependent on employer compliance with workplace injury and illness recordkeeping requirements. Characterization of employer recordkeeping can inform efforts to improve the data. METHODS: We interviewed representative samples of SOII respondents from four states to identify common recordkeeping errors and to assess employer characteristics associated with limited knowledge of the recordkeeping requirements and non compliant practices...
March 11, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Brian Sullivan, Dennis Hilliard, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: National data on the epidemiology of firearm injuries and circumstances of firearm deaths are difficult to obtain and often are nonreliable. Since firearm injury and death rates and causes can vary substantially between states, it is critical to consider state-specific data sources. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we illustrate how states can systematically examine demographic characteristics, firearm information, type of wound, toxicology tests, precipitating circumstances, and costs to provide a comprehensive picture of firearm injuries and deaths using data sets from a single state with relatively low rates of firearm injury and death...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Timothy A Mitchener, Noel E Dickens, John W Simecek
Background: Few studies have examined the causes or mechanisms of oral-maxillofacial (OMF) injury among deployed military populations. This study reports causes of OMF injuries to U.S. Department of Defense personnel deployed to Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or to Iraq in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation New Dawn (OND). This study provides follow-on analysis of a previous report of OMF injury rates among U.S. military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Allyson Guimarães Costa, Bárbara Aparecida Chaves, Felipe Leão Gomes Murta, Jacqueline Almeida Gonçalves Sachett, Vanderson Souza Sampaio, Vanessa Costa Silva, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro
INTRODUCTION: Hymenoptera injuries are commonly caused by stinging insects. In Amazonas state, Brazil, there is no information regarding distribution, profile, and systemic manifestations associated with Hymenoptera injuries. METHODS: This study aimed to identify risk factors for systemic manifestation using the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (2007 to 2015). RESULTS: Half of Hymenoptera injuries were caused by bee stings...
January 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Sailesh V Tummala, David E Hartigan, Karan A Patel, Justin L Makovicka, Anikar Chhabra
Background: Up to 50% of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players have a history of shoulder injuries. The quarterback position has been shown to have a high prevalence of these injuries because of its unique exposures. There is little information regarding the shoulder injury type and mechanism in NCAA quarterbacks. Purpose: To understand the 10-year epidemiology of specific shoulder injury rates in NCAA quarterbacks. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Mariana Butinof, Ricardo A Fernández, Daniel Lerda, María Josefina Lantieri, Iohanna Filippi, María Del Pilar Díaz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of exposure to pesticides and its correlation with perceived health indicators and injury biomarkers (genotoxic alterations and those caused by butyrylcholinesterase enzyme activity) in the population of pesticide applicators in extensive crops (PAEC) in Córdoba, Argentina. METHODS: Transversal study, in PAEC (n = 47) randomly selected from a sample of 2000, and non-exposed subject controls (n = 52). The sociodemographic variables, exposure conditioning, and perceived health were surveyed by means of a self-administered questionnaire; biological indicators of genotoxicity: micronuclei, chromosomal aberrations and kite assay, and butyrylcholinesterase activity...
March 3, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Catherine G Corey, Joanne T Chang, Brian L Rostron
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 7.9 million US adults use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Although published reports have identified fires and explosions related to use of ENDS since 2009, these reports do not provide national estimates of burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries in the US. FINDINGS: We analyzed nationally representative data provided in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to estimate the number of US emergency department (ED) visits for burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries...
March 5, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Pascal Edouard, Astrid Junge, Marianna Kiss-Polauf, Christophe Ramirez, Monica Sousa, Toomas Timpka, Pedro Branco
OBJECTIVES: The quality of epidemiological injury data depends on the reliability of reporting to an injury surveillance system. Ascertaining whether all physicians/physiotherapists report the same information for the same injury case is of major interest to determine data validity. The aim of this study was therefore to analyse the data collection reliability through the analysis of the interrater reliability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: During the 2016 European Athletics Advanced Athletics Medicine Course in Amsterdam, all national medical teams were asked to complete seven virtual case reports on a standardised injury report form using the same definitions and classifications of injuries as the international athletics championships injury surveillance protocol...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Edward S Chang, Meghan E Bishop, Christopher C Dodson, Peter F Deluca, Michael G Ciccotti, Steven B Cohen, Matthew L Ramsey
Background: Although much literature exists regarding the treatment and management of elbow dislocations in the general population, little information is available regarding management in the athletic population. Furthermore, no literature is available regarding the postinjury treatment and timing of return to play in the contact or professional athlete. Purpose: To review the clinical course of elbow dislocations in professional football players and determine the timing of return to full participation...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Pengzhi Qi, Bin Wu, Baoying Guo, Chuan Zhang, Kaida Xu
Complement is a complex innate immune surveillance system, playing a key role in host homeostasis, inflammation, and in the defense against pathogens. Complement regulators are crucial to prevent the injudicious production of these mediators and potential injury to self tissues. Here, we identified the complement factor H (CFH) and its related gene 2 (CFHR2) homologs from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea), named LcCfh and LcCfhr2, respectively. The deduced LcCfh and LcCfhr2 proteins shared significant structural similarities and identified codes for a polypeptide consisting of various numbers of highly conserved SCR domains...
February 26, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Michael Butler, Sandra Newton, Shannon MacPhee
Objectives: The Canadian Hospital Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury surveillance program that informs prevention policy locally and nationally. It is of import that it is reflective of the underlying population. The objective of this study was to describe differences between those injuries that were captured by the program, and those that were not. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of patients presenting with an injury to the IWK Health Centre between January 12, 2013 and June 30, 2013...
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
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