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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528210/do-patients-need-to-stay-in-bed-all-day-in-the-epilepsy-monitoring-unit-safety-data-from-a-non-restrictive-setting
#1
Laura Craciun, Jørgen Alving, Elena Gardella, Daniella Terney, Pirgit Meritam, Melita Cacic Hribljan, Sándor Beniczky
PURPOSE: To assess whether injuries occur more often in an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) where portable EEG amplifiers are used, and where patients can freely move within a large area during the monitoring. METHODS: Patients were monitored at the Danish Epilepsy Center, in an EMU specifically designed for this purpose, and they were under continuous surveillance by personnel dedicated to the EMU. Adverse events (AEs) - including injuries, were prospectively noted, as part of the safety policy of the hospital...
May 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522914/one-year-experience-with-computer-assisted-propofol-sedation-for-colonoscopy
#2
Otto S Lin, Danielle La Selva, Richard A Kozarek, Deborah Tombs, Wade Weigel, Ryan Beecher, Johannes Koch, Susan McCormick, Michael Chiorean, Fred Drennan, Michael Gluck, Nanda Venu, Michael Larsen, Andrew Ross
AIM: To report our one-year experience with computer assisted propofol sedation (CAPS) for colonoscopy as the first United States Medical Center to adopt CAPS technology for routine clinical use. METHODS: Between September 2014 and August 2015, 2677 patients underwent elective outpatient colonoscopy with CAPS at our center. All colonoscopies were performed by 1 of 17 gastroenterologists certified in the use of the CAPS system, with the assistance of a specially trained nurse...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520674/relationship-stability-after-traumatic-brain-injury-among-veterans-and-service-members-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#3
Lillian Flores Stevens, Yanna Lapis, Xinyu Tang, Angelle M Sander, Laura E Dreer, Flora M Hammond, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Therese M OʼNeil-Pirozzi, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To explore stability of relationships and predictors of change in relationship status 2 years following TBI/polytrauma. SETTING: Five Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VA PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 357 active duty service members and Veterans enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database with complete marital status information at 2 years postinjury...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#4
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#5
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515975/prospective-functional-performance-testing-and-relationship-to-lower-extremity-injury-incidence-in-adolescent-sports-participants
#6
Joseph Smith, Nick DePhillipo, Iris Kimura, Morgan Kocher, Ronald Hetzler
BACKGROUND: Due to the high number of adolescent athletes and subsequent lower extremity injuries, improvements of injury prevention strategies with emphasis on clinic-based and practical assessments are warranted. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate if a battery of functional performance tests (FPT) could be used as a preseason-screening tool to identify adolescent athletes at risk for sports-related acute lower extremity injury via comparison of injured and uninjured subjects...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513411/-injuries-resulting-from-accidents-and-violence-in-the-netherlands-results-of-an-emergency-department-register
#7
E F van Beeck, M J M Panneman, S Polinder, B Blatter
- Injuries from accidents and violence are amongst the most important public health issues in the world, including in Europe and the Netherlands.- Using the Dutch Injury Surveillance System and the Dutch Burden of Injury Model, we describe the incidence and costs associated with injuries in the Netherlands that are registered via Emergency Departments (ED). We also map the main causes of injury by age category.- Annually, 700,000 patients attend the ED of a hospital with an injury; 1 in 6 attendees is admitted...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506017/prevalence-of-serious-psychological-distress-among-slaughterhouse-workers-at-a-united-states-beef-packing-plant
#8
Jessica H Leibler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Melissa J Perry
BACKGROUND: Workers in the animal slaughter and processing industry in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury as well as stressful work conditions, yet mental health in this workforce remains largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a sample of industrial US slaughterhouse workers. PARTICIPANTS: Workers at an industrial beef packing plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504985/current-opinion-in-otolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery-frontal-sinus-fractures
#9
Robert J Chouake, Brett A Miles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this manuscript is to review the current literature regarding the management of frontal sinus fractures and offer the authors opinion on the current management of these traumatic injuries. We evaluate recently proposed management algorithms as well as novel surgical approaches reported within the last few years. RECENT FINDINGS: Patient selection for sinus sparing treatment modalities is balanced between fracture severity, involved structures, and reliable patient surveillance...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502689/complicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-need-for-imaging-surveillance
#10
Martina Stippler, Jingyi Liu, Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Zoya Voronovich, Howard Yonas, Roger B Davis
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the need for repeat head CT in patients with complicated mild traumatic brain injury (cmTBI) determined non-operative after the first head CT METHODS: 380 patients with mild TBI and a positive head CT not needing surgery were included. Changes between first and second head CT were categorized as decreased, increased or stable. RESULTS: Three patients required neurosurgical intervention (0.8%) after the second CT. There were no significant differences in demographics including age, gender, alcohol consumption, anticoagulation status, time between first and second CT, GCS at admission and discharge, and incidence of SAH, EDH, contusion or skull fractures between the operated and non-operated groups...
May 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490195/the-takei-handheld-dynamometer-an-effective-clinical-outcome-measure-tool-for-hand-and-wrist-function-in-boxing
#11
Ian Gatt, Sophie Smith-Moore, Charlie Steggles, Mike Loosemore
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article was to explore retrospectively the Takei dynamometer as a valid and reliable outcome measure tool for hand and wrist pathology in the Great Britain amateur boxing squad between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective injury surveillance of the Great Britain boxing squad was performed from 2010 to 2014. The location, region affected, description, and duration of each injury were recorded by the team doctor and team physiotherapists...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489701/pediatricians-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-to-screening-children-after-complicated-mild-tbi-a-survey
#12
Heather T Keenan, Susan L Bratton, Rebecca R Dixon
OBJECTIVE: To understand pediatricians' attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors about the care of children with complicated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3500 pediatricians randomly selected from the American Medical Association Master File. DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional survey. MAIN MEASURES: A survey developed to assess pediatricians' attitudes toward following children with complicated mild TBI for cognitive and behavioral sequelae; their knowledge of TBI sequelae; and their usual evaluation and management of children after TBI...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488880/absolute-and-relative-morbidity-burdens-attributable-to-various-illnesses-and-injuries-non-service-member-beneficiaries-of-the-military-health-system-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488879/surveillance-snapshot-illness-and-injury-burdens-recruit-trainees-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488878/surveillance-snapshot-illness-and-injury-burdens-reserve-component-u-s-armed-forces-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488875/absolute-and-relative-morbidity-burdens-attributable-to-various-illnesses-and-injuries-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487043/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-in-hyderabad-india
#17
Isaac W Howley, Shivam Gupta, Shailaja Tetali, Lakshmi K Josyula, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Mohan Rao, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries kill more people in India than in any other country in the world, and these numbers are rising with increasing population density and motorization. Official statistics regarding road traffic injuries are likely subject to underreporting. This study presents results of a surveillance program based at a public tertiary hospital in Hyderabad, India. METHODS: All consenting patients who presented to the casualty ward after a road traffic injury over a 9-month period were enrolled...
May 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483217/routine-airway-surveillance-in-pediatric-tracheostomy-patients
#18
REVIEW
Ozgul Gergin, Eelam Adil, Kosuke Kawai, Karen Watters, Ethan Moritz, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to review airway findings in children with tracheostomies who underwent surveillance direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DLB) to determine the yield of routine airway evaluation in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at tertiary referral children's hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all of the children with tracheostomies who underwent DLB after tracheostomy between 1984 and 2015...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483163/changing-state-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-africa-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department-from-2007-to-2011
#19
Hadley K H Wesson, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Patricia Mtambeka, Dorothy Schulman, Chiedza Mavengere, Alastair John Ward Millar, Adnan A Hyder, Arjan Bastiaan van As
BACKGROUND: Pediatric injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Data to characterize the cause and risk factors associated with childhood injuries in low- and middle-income countries are very scarce. The aim of this study is to describe the cause of pediatric injuries and their possible changes between 2007 and 2011 using hospital-based data in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Data from injured children <13 years of age who presented to the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital's emergency department in 2007 and 2011 were captured in Childsafe South Africa's trauma surveillance system...
May 5, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478815/tumors-arise-from-the-excessive-repair-of-damaged-stem-cells
#20
Jun-Wen Li, Dong Yang, Danfeng Yang, Zhaoli Chen, Jing Miao, Weili Liu, Xinxing Wang, Zhigang Qiu, Min Jin, Zhiqiang Shen
Although many hypotheses for tumorigenesis have been proposed, none can explain the occurrence and development of tumors comprehensively until now. We put forward a new hypothesis: tumors arise from the excessive repair of damaged stem cells. There are stem cells in all tissues and organs, and the stem cells have perfect damage repair mechanisms, including damage repair systems and repair-inhibiting systems. Tumors arise from the excessive repair of damaged stem cells, i.e., carcinogens induce stem cell damage, leading to overexpression of damage repair systems, and simultaneous inactivation of repair-inhibiting systems through genetic or non-genetic mechanisms, finally forming tumors...
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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