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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784284/routine-surveillance-imaging-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-intracranial-hemorrhage-may-not-be-necessary
#1
Smruti K Patel, Yair M Gozal, Bryan M Krueger, James C Bayley, Suzanne Moody, Norberto Andaluz, Richard A Falcone, Karin S Bierbrauer
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) comprises the majority of pediatric traumatic brain injury. Children with mTBI even with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (tICH) rarely experience a clinically significant neurologic decline (CSND). The utility of routine surveillance imaging in the pediatric population also remains controversial, especially owing to concerns about the risks of radiation exposure at a young age. This study aims to identify demographic or injury-related characteristics that may facilitate recognition of children at risk of progression with mTBI...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783793/summary-of-u-s-injuries-and-fatalities-involving-entrapment-and-suffocation-in-grain-transport-vehicles
#2
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Salah F Issa, Kevin Kelley, Matthew Heber, Robert Turner
Since 1978, the Purdue University Agricultural Safety and Health Program has managed a surveillance effort and database to collect information on documented injuries and fatalities in all forms of U.S. agricultural confined spaces. The database currently contains 1,968 cases documented in the U.S. between 1964 and 2016. Of these cases, 174 (8.8%) involved entrapment or suffocation in grain transport vehicles (GTVs), including gravity-flow wagons, semi-truck trailers, and other agricultural transport vehicles that have limited access and are not considered normal work spaces or are classified as confined spaces...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780846/epidemiology-of-hip-and-groin-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes-in-the-united-states
#3
Yehuda E Kerbel, Christopher M Smith, John P Prodromo, Michael I Nzeogu, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Hip and groin pain is a common complaint among athletes. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of hip and groin injuries in collegiate athletes across multiple sports. Purpose: To describe the rates, mechanisms, sex-based differences, and severity of hip/groin injuries across 25 collegiate sports. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Data from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years were obtained from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA ISP)...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777614/enhancing-the-detection-of-injuries-and-near-misses-among-patient-care-staff-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital
#4
Maurizio Macaluso, Lauren A Summerville, Meredith E Tabangin, Nancy M Daraiseh
Objectives Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks...
May 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775388/epidemiology-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-among-baseball-players-national-collegiate-athletic-association-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#5
Steven F DeFroda, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Injuries to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow are of major concern in baseball; however, the epidemiology of these injuries among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes is poorly described. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of UCL injuries in NCAA baseball and investigate the risk factors involved. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: All UCL injuries for academic years 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 were extracted from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772756/developing-an-acoustic-sensing-yarn-for-health-surveillance-in-a-military-setting
#6
Theodore Hughes-Riley, Tilak Dias
Overexposure to high levels of noise can cause permanent hearing disorders, which have a significant adverse effect on the quality of life of those affected. Injury due to noise can affect people in a variety of careers including construction workers, factory workers, and members of the armed forces. By monitoring the noise exposure of workers, overexposure can be avoided and suitable protective equipment can be provided. This work focused on the creation of a noise dosimeter suitable for use by members of the armed forces, where a discrete dosimeter was integrated into a textile helmet cover...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770305/the-prostate-cancer-focal-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Filippo Pesapane, Francesca Patella, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Edoardo Zanchetta, Chiara Floridi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Chloë Standaert
Despite prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading form of non-cutaneous cancer in men, most patients with PCa die with disease rather than of the disease. Therefore, the risk of overtreatment should be considered by clinicians who have to distinguish between patients with high risk PCa (who would benefit from radical treatment) and patients who may be managed more conservatively, such as through active surveillance or emerging focal therapy (FT). The aim of FT is to eradicate clinically significant disease while protecting key genito-urinary structures and function from injury...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766640/subclinical-inflammation-phenotypes-and-long-term-outcomes-after-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#8
Michael E Seifert, Megan V Yanik, Daniel I Feig, Vera Hauptfeld-Dolejsek, Elizabeth C Mroczek-Musulman, David R Kelly, Frida Rosenblum, Roslyn B Mannon
The implementation of surveillance biopsies in pediatric kidney transplantation remains controversial. Surveillance biopsies detect subclinical injury prior to clinical dysfunction, which could allow for early interventions that prolong allograft survival. We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study of 120 consecutive pediatric kidney recipients, of whom 103 had surveillance biopsies ≤ 6 months post-transplant. We tested the hypothesis that subclinical inflammation (borderline or T cell-mediated rejection without clinical dysfunction) is associated with a 5-year composite endpoint of acute rejection and allograft failure...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764476/traumatic-brain-injury-in-uganda-exploring-the-use-of-a-hospital-based-registry-for-measuring-burden-and-outcomes
#9
Amber Mehmood, Nukhba Zia, Connie Hoe, Olive Kobusingye, Hussein Ssenyojo, Adnan A Hyder
OBJECTIVE: Lack of data on traumatic brain injuries (TBI) hinders the appreciation of the true magnitude of the TBI burden. This paper describes a scientific approach for hospital based systematic data collection in a low-income country. The registry is based on the evaluation framework for injury surveillance systems which comprises a four-step approach: (1) identifying characteristics that assess a surveillance system, (2) review of the identified variables based on adopted specific, measurable, assignable, realistic, and time-related criteria, (3) assessment of the proposed variables and system characteristics by an expert panel, and (4) development and application of a rating system...
May 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761160/measuring-and-preventing-alcohol-use-and-related-harm-among-young-people-in-asian-countries-a-thematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Heng Jiang, Xiaojun Xiang, Wei Hao, Robin Room, Xiaojie Zhang, Xuyi Wang
Background: The paper reviews alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related social and health issues among 15-29-year old young people in Asian countries, and discusses strategies for preventing and controlling alcohol use and related harms. Methods: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science for reports, reviews and journal articles published in English between 1st Jan 1990 and 31st August 2016. Results: Forty-one reports, reviews and journal papers were identified and included in the final review...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760381/the-extent-of-liver-injury-determines-hepatocyte-fate-toward-senescence-or-cancer
#11
Chao Wang, Wen-Jian Chen, Ying-Fu Wu, Pu You, Shang-Yong Zheng, Chang-Cheng Liu, Dao Xiang, Min-Jun Wang, Yong-Chao Cai, Qing-Hui Zhao, Uyunbilig Borjigin, Wei Liu, Wu-Jun Xiong, Kirk J Wangensteen, Xin Wang, Zhong-Min Liu, Zhi-Ying He
It is well known that induction of hepatocyte senescence could inhibit the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Until now, it is still unclear how the degree of liver injury dictates hepatocyte senescence and carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether the severity of injury determines cell fate decisions between hepatocyte senescence and carcinogenesis. After testing of different degrees of liver injury, we found that hepatocyte senescence is strongly induced in the setting of severe acute liver injury...
May 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748533/p53-attenuates-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-regulating-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-and-transporter-expression
#12
Jiahong Sun, Yajie Wen, Yanying Zhou, Yiming Jiang, Yixin Chen, Huizheng Zhang, Lihuan Guan, Xinpeng Yao, Min Huang, Huichang Bi
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced acute liver failure. Inhibition of APAP metabolic activation and promotion in APAP disposition are important to protect against APAP-induced liver injury. Tumor suppressor p53 is traditionally recognized as a surveillance molecule to preserve genome integrity. Recent studies have emerged on discovering its functions in metabolic regulation. Our previous study reported that p53 promoted bile acid disposition and alleviated cholestastic syndrome...
May 10, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734779/immune-ecosystem-of-virus-infected-host-tissues
#13
REVIEW
Mohamed Maarouf, Kul Raj Rai, Mohsan Ullah Goraya, Ji-Long Chen
Virus infected host cells serve as a central immune ecological niche during viral infection and replication and stimulate the host immune response via molecular signaling. The viral infection and multiplication process involves complex intracellular molecular interactions between viral components and the host factors. Various types of host cells are also involved to modulate immune factors in delicate and dynamic equilibrium to maintain a balanced immune ecosystem in an infected host tissue. Antiviral host arsenals are equipped to combat or eliminate viral invasion...
May 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732944/pre-injury-migraine-history-as-a-risk-factor-for-prolonged-return-to-school-and-sports-following-concussion
#14
Douglas P Terry, Nathan Huebschmann, Bruce Maxwell, Nathan Cook, Rebekah Mannix, Ross D Zafonte, Tad Seifert, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
Having a pre-existing migraine disorder might be a risk factor for a prolonged recovery following a sport-related concussion. We examined whether having a migraine history was associated with a prolonged return to academics and athletics following a concussion. High school and collegiate athletes (N=1,265; 42% female) who sustained a sport-related concussion were monitored by athletic trainers using a web-based surveillance system that collects information about concussion recovery. Nonparametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests (KS) were used to compare days to return to academics/athletics across groups due to non-normally distributed outcome variables and unequal distributions of scores between groups...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727359/implementation-of-injury-and-illness-surveillance-protocols-in-varsity-athletes
#15
Alexander Shand Davis Gamble, Margo Lynn Mountjoy, Jessica Lynne Bigg, Lawrence Leon Spriet
OBJECTIVE: To develop and implement a prospective varsity athlete surveillance system to identify injury and illness trends in a multisport varsity-level university setting. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective surveillance study. SETTING: Varsity-level sport program at the University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Athletic therapists (ATs) (n = 35) from 17 varsity sports provided injury and illness information on 624 varsity-level athletes (381 men and 243 women) during the 2016/2017 competitive season...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722569/exacerbated-liver-injury-of-antithyroid-drugs-in-endotoxin-treated-mice
#16
Reza Heidari, Fatemeh Ahmadi, Hamid Reza Rahimi, Negar Azarpira, Massood Hosseinzadeh, Asma Najibi, Hossein Niknahad
Drug-induced liver injury is a major concern in clinical studies as well as in post-marketing surveillance. Previous evidence suggested that drug exposure during periods of inflammation could increase an individual's susceptibility to drug hepatoxicity. The antithyroid drugs, methimazole (MMI) and propylthiouracil (PTU) can cause adverse reactions in patients, with liver as a usual target. We tested the hypothesis that MMI and PTU could be rendered hepatotoxic in animals undergoing a modest inflammation. Mice were treated with a nonhepatotoxic dose of LPS (100 µg/kg, i...
May 3, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712544/may-2018-letters-to-the-editor-in-chief
#17
(no author information available yet)
Letters to the Editor-in-Chief of JOSPT as follows: "Regarding 'Unraveling the Mechanisms of Manual Therapy'" with Authors' Response "The Use of a Broad or Narrow Definition of Injury in Dance Surveillance" with Authors' Response J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):421-424. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.0201.
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710140/interventions-to-prevent-falls-in-older-adults-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Janelle M Guirguis-Blake, Yvonne L Michael, Leslie A Perdue, Erin L Coppola, Tracy L Beil
Importance: Falls are the most common cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality among older adults. Objective: To systematically review literature on the effectiveness and harms of fall prevention interventions in community-dwelling older adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant English-language literature published through August 2016, with ongoing surveillance through February 7, 2018...
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710093/comparison-of-rates-of-firearm-and-nonfirearm-homicide-and-suicide-in-black-and-white-non-hispanic-men-by-u-s-state
#19
Corinne A Riddell, Sam Harper, Magdalena Cerdá, Jay S Kaufman
Background: The extent to which differences in homicide and suicide rates in black versus white men vary by U.S. state is unknown. Objective: To compare the rates of firearm and nonfirearm homicide and suicide in black and white non-Hispanic men by U.S. state and to examine whether these deaths are associated with state prevalence of gun ownership. Design: Surveillance study. Setting: 50 states and the District of Columbia, 2008 to 2016...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702608/liver-injury-by-carbon-tetrachloride-intoxication-in-16-patients-treated-with-forced-ventilation-to-accelerate-toxin-removal-via-the-lungs-a-clinical-report
#20
REVIEW
Rolf Teschke
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄) is an efficient but highly toxic solvent, used in households and commercially in the industry under regulatory surveillance to ensure safety at the working place and to protect the workers’ health. However, acute unintentional or intentional intoxications by CCl₄ may rarely occur and are potentially life-threatening. In this review article, therapy options are discussed that are based on a literature review of traditional poisoning cases and the clinical experience with 16 patients with acute poisoning by CCl₄...
April 27, 2018: Toxics
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