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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107311/performance-of-international-classification-of-diseases-based-injury-severity-measures-used-to-predict-in-hospital-mortality-and-intensive-care-admission-among-traumatic-brain-injured-patients
#1
Mathieu Gagné, Lynne Moore, Marie-Josée Sirois, Marc Simard, Claudia Beaudoin, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main classification system used for population-based traumatic brain injury (TBI) surveillance activities but does not contain direct information on injury severity. International Classification of Diseases-based injury severity measures can be empirically derived or mapped to the Abbreviated Injury Scale, but no single approach has been formally recommended for TBI. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different ICD-based injury severity measures for predicting in-hospital mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in TBI patients...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#2
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103959/validation-of-a-case-definition-for-pediatric-brain-injury-using-administrative-data
#3
Jane McChesney-Corbeil, Karen Barlow, Hude Quan, Guanmin Chen, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jette
BACKGROUND: Health administrative data are a common population-based data source for traumatic brain injury (TBI) surveillance and research; however, before using these data for surveillance, it is important to develop a validated case definition. The objective of this study was to identify the optimal International Classification of Disease , edition 10 (ICD-10), case definition to ascertain children with TBI in emergency room (ER) or hospital administrative data. We tested multiple case definitions...
January 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103182/trends-in-non-fatal-agricultural-injury-in-maine-and-new-hampshire-results-from-a-low-cost-passive-surveillance-system
#4
Erika Scott, Erin Bell, Liane Hirabayashi, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins
: Agriculture is a dangerous industry, and although data on fatal injuries exists, less is known about non-fatal injuries. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe trends in agricultural morbidity in Maine and New Hampshire from 2008-2010 using a newly established passive surveillance system. This passive system is supplied by injury cases gathered from pre-hospital care reports and hospital data. METHODS: Demographics and specifics of the event were recorded for each incident case...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102994/at-a-glance-emergency-department-surveillance-of-thermal-burns-and-scalds-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2013
#5
J Crain, S McFaull, D P Rao, M T Do, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals. RESULTS: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097520/extremity-fractures-associated-with-atvs-and-dirt-bikes-a-10-year-national-epidemiologic-study
#7
D J Lombardo, T Jelsema, A Gambone, M Weisman, G Petersen-Fitts, J D Whaley, V J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality of all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes have been studied, as well as the association of helmet use and head injury. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the patterns of extremity fractures associated with ATVs and dirt bikes. We believe there will be unique and potentially preventable injury patterns associated with dirt bikes and three-wheeled ATVs due to the poor stability of these vehicles...
January 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095142/epidemiology-of-national-collegiate-athletic-association-women-s-lacrosse-injuries-2009-10-through-2014-15
#8
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Shane V Caswell, David A Klossner, Nina Walker, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Participation in collegiate women's lacrosse has increased dramatically, but little recent epidemiological data exists regarding injuries. OBJECTIVE: Describe the epidemiology of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) women's lacrosse injuries during the 2009-10 through 2014-15 academic years. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from 40 women's lacrosse programs providing 83 team-seasons of data. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Collegiate women's lacrosse student-athletes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093797/adverse-reactions-to-dietary-supplements-containing-red-yeast-rice-assessment-of-cases-from-the-italian-surveillance-system
#9
Gabriela Mazzanti, Paola Angela Moro, Emanuel Raschi, Roberto Da Cas, Francesca Menniti-Ippolito
AIMS: Red yeast rice (RYR) is contained in dietary supplements for patients with dyslipidemia. RYR supplements contain monacolin K, which is chemically identical to lovastatin, a licensed drug with a well-known risk profile. We aim to describe the safety profile of RYR by analysing spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs). METHODS: Within the Italian Surveillance System of Natural Health Products, suspected ARs were collected and evaluated by a multidisciplinary group of experts to assess causality using the WHO-UMC system or the CIOMS/RUCAM score, for hepatic reactions...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093503/work-and-health-in-latin-america-results-from-the-working-conditions-surveys-of-colombia-argentina-chile-central-america-and-uruguay
#10
Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Cecilia Cornelio, María José Itatí Iñiguez, Marianela Rojas, David Martínez-Iñigo, Alejandra Vives, Lorena Funcasta, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To describe working and employment conditions, and health status between non-agricultural employees with a written contract from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. METHODS: We compared data from the first working condition surveys (WCS) of Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. For comparative purposes, we selected a subsample of 15 241 non-agricultural employees aged 18-64 years and working with a written contract...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077150/the-equity-of-china-s-emergency-medical-services-from-2010-2014
#11
Ke Yan, Yi Jiang, Jingfu Qiu, Xiaoni Zhong, Yang Wang, Jing Deng, Jingxi Lian, Tingting Wang, Cheng Cao
BACKGROUND: With the depth development of health care system reform in China, emergency medical services (EMS) is confronted with challenges as well as opportunities. This study aimed to analyze the equity of China's EMS needs, utilization, and resources distribution, and put forward proposal to improve the equity. METHOD: Three emergency needs indicators (mortality rate of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, harm, and digestive system disease), two utilization indicators (emergency outpatient visits and rate of utilization) and one resource allocation indicator (number of EMS facilities) were collected after the review of the China Statistical Yearbook and the National Disease Surveillance System...
January 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076399/epidemiology-of-injury-related-death-in-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-hunan-province-china-2009-2014
#12
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Li Liping, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Hua
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications. METHODS: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. All specific injury mortality and mortality rates in urban and rural area were calculated from census data; Cochran-armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073836/ionotropic-glutamate-receptors-activate-cell-signaling-in-response-to-glutamate-in-schwann-cells
#13
Wendy M Campana, Elisabetta Mantuano, Pardis Azmoon, Kenneth Henry, Michael A Banki, John H Kim, Donald P Pizzo, Steven L Gonias
In the peripheral nervous system, Schwann cells (SCs) demonstrate surveillance activity, detecting injury and undergoing trans-differentiation to support repair. SC receptors that detect peripheral nervous system injury remain incompletely understood. We used RT-PCR to profile ionotropic glutamate receptor expression in cultured SCs. We identified subunits required for assembly of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors (NMDA-R), α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors, and kainate receptors...
January 10, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072669/swimming-pool-electrical-injuries-steps-toward-prevention
#14
Jun Tashiro, Cathy A Burnweit
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injuries in swimming pools are an important pediatric public health concern. We sought to (1) improve our understanding of the clinical presentation and outcomes following and (2) describe the epidemiology of swimming pool electrical injuries in the United States. METHODS: We reviewed 4 cases of pediatric (<18 y old) electrical injury from a single, urban level 1 pediatric trauma center. We also queried the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) for emergency department visits due to electrical injury associated with swimming pools, occurring between 1991 and 2013...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068163/description-and-rate-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-air-force-basic-military-trainees-2012-2014
#15
Nathaniel S Nye, Mary T Pawlak, Bryant J Webber, Juste N Tchandja, Michelle R Milner
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects. OBJECTIVE:  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features. SETTING:  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058218/-contrast-nephropathy-in-renal-transplantation-is-it-real
#16
REVIEW
Fedaey Mohammed Abbas, Bridson M Julie, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
The risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in renal transplant recipients is increased in diabetics, patients with impaired basal kidney function, patients in shock, patients presenting with acute emergency and in old age recipients. Approximately one-third of all hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury is attributed to CIN. In the United States, it is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired renal failure. Therefore, efforts should be directed to minimize CIN-related morbidity and mortality as well as to shorten hospital stay...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057200/epidemiology-and-recent-trends-of-geriatric-fractures-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-for-united-states-population-from-year-2004-2014
#17
N K Baidwan, S M Naranje
OBJECTIVES: Fractures in geriatric age group (over 65 years of age) are an important public health issue and frequent causes of emergency room visits. The purpose of this descriptive epidemiological study was to present the epidemiology of geriatric fractures and their trends in the USA using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database from year 2004-2014. METHODS: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) Database was queried for all fracture injuries from 2004 to 2014 for ages 65 years and above...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057145/-analysis-on-injury-related-deaths-in-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-60-years-in-jing-an-district-of-shanghai-1975-2014
#18
X Zhang, X T Chu, B Shen, Y M Wang, Y H Wang, X M Yang
Objective: To understand the characteristics and distribution of injury related deaths in residents aged ≥60 years in Jing'an district of Shanghai and provide evidence for the prevention of injury and effective intervention in this population. Methods: According to the data from diseases surveillance and death-reporting system in Jing'an during 1975-2014, the causes of 5 199 injury related deaths were analyzed. Results: The average injury related mortality in the elderly aged ≥60 years in Jing'an was 159...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057138/-estimation-of-underreporting-rate-of-death-cases-in-disease-surveillance-system-of-fujian-province-using-propensity-score-weighting-method-2012-2014
#19
S F Huang, Y Zhu, X Q Lin, T H Chen, Y Ye, W L Zhong, S G Lin, P Yin
Objective: To understand the underreporting of death cases and related factors in disease surveillance system of Fujian province. Methods: We carried out a field underreporting survey in 20 disease surveillance sites selected through stratified cluster random sampling during 2012-2014. The related factors of underreporting were analyzed by using logistic regression method. Propensity score weighting method was used to calculate the underreporting rate in different groups classified by year, urban/rural areas, gender, age and death cause variables...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#20
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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