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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819614/acute-compartment-syndrome-after-an-olecranon-fracture-in-a-patient-with-mild-hemophilia-b
#1
John M Reynolds, Christy Christophersen, Mary K Mulcahey
INTRODUCTION: Compartment syndrome is a serious condition characterized by compartmental pressures within 20 mmHg of diastolic blood pressure, or clinical signs of pain, paresthesia, pallor, and lack of pulses. Often a surgical intervention is necessary. Increased surveillance for compartment syndrome is important when a patient with a bleeding disorder sustains a traumatic injury. CASE REPORT: We present a case of forearm compartment syndrome in a patient with mild hemophilia B who sustained an olecranon fracture...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810983/evaluation-of-a-novel-field-expedient-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool-in-an-army-basic-training-population
#2
Darren Hearn, Daniel Rhon, Donald Goss, Mark Thelen
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries present a significant challenge to military readiness accounting for over 29% of ambulatory medical visits and 25 million limited duty days across the U.S. Army. Although U.S. Military Health Systems perform periodic general health and deployment assessments, there is no validated tool to determine when a service member is at increased risk of sustaining a musculoskeletal injury. METHOD: 292 U.S. Army basic training recruits completed a novel injury screening test called the Musculoskeletal Readiness Screening Tool (MRST)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810961/resuscitation-of-hypotensive-traumatic-brain-injured-animals-with-spray-dried-plasma-does-not-adversely-alter-physiology-and-improves-blood-brain-barrier-function
#3
Steven McDaniel, Stephanie Golla, Anthony N Moore, Joe DaCorta, Arthur Bode, Shibani Pati, Pramod K Dash, Jing Zhao
INTRODUCTION: According to the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center and the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, the number of soldiers who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has risen dramatically over the past decade. Studies have shown that brain damage can be exacerbated if blood loss occurs (often occurring in polytrauma). As blood supply is critical for brain function and survival, TBI patients must be properly resuscitated to maintain blood volume, blood pressure, and cerebral perfusion...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807190/socioeconomic-differences-in-mortality-in-the-antiretroviral-therapy-era-in-agincourt-rural-south-africa-2001-13-a-population-surveillance-analysis
#4
Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Samuel J Clark
BACKGROUND: Understanding the effects of socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes is important to implement specific preventive actions. We assessed socioeconomic disparities in mortality indicators in a rural South African population over the period 2001-13. METHODS: We used data from 21 villages of the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). We calculated the probabilities of death from birth to age 5 years and from age 15 to 60 years, life expectancy at birth, and cause-specific and age-specific mortality by sex (not in children <5 years), time period, and socioeconomic status (household wealth) quintile for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, other communicable diseases (excluding HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis) and maternal, perinatal, and nutritional causes, non-communicable diseases, and injury...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805580/tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-clinical-spectrum-beyond-tics
#5
Davide Martino, Christos Ganos, Tamara M Pringsheim
The clinical surveillance and active management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other primary chronic tic disorders cannot be limited to tics, as these patients manifest a spectrum of sensory-, behavioral-, cognitive-, and sleep-related problems that have a major impact on their functioning and quality of life, influencing enormously clinical decision making on a routine basis. The sensory phenomena of primary tic disorders consist of premonitory urges and heightened sensitivity to external somatosensory and interoceptive stimuli...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804753/concussion-incidence-and-recurrence-in-professional-australian-football-match-play-a-14-year-analysis
#6
Nathan Gibbs, Mark Watsford
BACKGROUND: Concussion incidence rates in professional Australian football may be underreported due to the injury classification definition. A myriad of factors contribute to concussion risk; however, there is limited long-term surveillance in Australian football. This study analysed concussion in one Australian football team over an extended period. METHOD: Match-play concussion injuries in one team (n = 116 participants) were diagnosed and treated by the team physician over 14 years...
2017: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802775/catastrophic-antiphospholipid-syndrome-caps-induced-ischemic-pancreatic-ducts-injury-mimicking-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-ipmn
#7
Léa Savey, Jean-Charles Piette, Jérome Bellanger, Laurent Palazzo, Zahir Amoura, Alain Sauvanet, Jean-François Pouget-Abadie, Philippe Sogni, Joseph Emmerich, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
OBJECTIVES: Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a life-threatening disease characterized by multiple small-vessel occlusions of rapid onset. Ischemic pancreatic duct lesions secondary to CAPS have never been reported. METHODS: We describe 4 patients who presented lesions suspected to be intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas following a CAPS. RESULTS: All patients had a history of CAPS months or years before the IPMN diagnosis...
July 10, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797830/reduced-severity-of-lumbo-pelvic-hip-injuries-in-professional-rugby-union-players-following-tailored-preventative-programmes
#8
Kate L Evans, Jonathan Hughes, Morgan D Williams
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to tailor lumbo-pelvic-hip (LPH) injury reduction programmes in professional rugby union players based on screening data and examine its effectiveness. DESIGN: Prospective case controlled study. METHODS: Twenty-eight professional rugby union players were screened pre- and immediately post- the YO-YO intermittent recovery level 1 test using six hip and groin strength tests (adductor squeeze at 0°, 60° and 90°, prone hip extension, abductor, adductor hand held dynamometry)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795008/sports-participation-recommendations-for-patients-with-bleeding-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Cailly Howell, Katherine Scott, Dilip R Patel
There are several sets of guidelines recommending sports participation for patients with bleeding disorders. Though there is a perceived risk of injury and the associated bleeding complications, several studies have been done in this patient population and have found no increased risk. In addition, there are many other benefits to participation including improvement in physical fitness status, better health outcomes, improvement in quality of life, and the development of increased flexibility, gait coordination, and muscular strength, which may actually reduce the risk of subsequent injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790913/the-dual-role-of-microglia-in-als-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-approaches
#10
REVIEW
Maria Concetta Geloso, Valentina Corvino, Elisa Marchese, Alessia Serrano, Fabrizio Michetti, Nadia D'Ambrosi
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a non-cell autonomous motor neuron loss. While it is generally believed that the disease onset takes place inside motor neurons, different cell types mediating neuroinflammatory processes are considered deeply involved in the progression of the disease. On these grounds, many treatments have been tested on ALS animals with the aim of inhibiting or reducing the pro-inflammatory action of microglia and astrocytes and counteract the progression of the disease...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780552/a-surveillance-study-to-determine-the-accuracy-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-diagnosis-in-an-emergency-department-protocol-for-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Ilaria Pozzato, Ian D Cameron, Susanne Meares, Annette Kifley, Kim Van Vu, Anthony Liang, Mark Gillett, Ashley Craig, Bamini Gopinath
INTRODUCTION: Previous literature confirms that a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may result in long-term emotional impacts and, in vulnerable subgroups, cognitive deficits. The accurate diagnosis of mTBI and its written documentation is an important first step towards providing appropriate and timely clinical care. Surveillance studies involving emergency department (ED) and hospital-based data need to be prioritised as these provide incident mTBI estimates. This project will advance existing research findings by estimating the occurrence of mTBI among those attending an ED and quantifying the accuracy of mTBI diagnoses recorded by ED staff through a comprehensive audit of ED records...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776247/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#12
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally. METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases. RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774897/generating-a-city-s-first-report-on-bicyclist-safety-lessons-from-the-field
#13
Dahianna S Lopez, David Hemenway
BACKGROUND: For cities aiming to create a useful surveillance system for bicycle injuries, a common challenge is that city crash reporting is scattered, faulty or non-existent. We document some of the lessons we learnt in helping the city of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, do the following: (1) Create a prototype for a comprehensive police crash data set (2) Produce the city's first cyclist safety report, (3) Make crash data available to the public and (4) Generate policy recommendations for both specific roadside improvements and for sustainable changes to the police department's crash reporting database...
August 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774277/novel-approaches-to-the-prediction-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cardiac-late-effects-in-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-multi-centre-observational-study
#14
Amy Skitch, Seema Mital, Luc Mertens, Peter Liu, Paul Kantor, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Cedric Manlhiot, Mark Greenberg, Paul C Nathan
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity is a cause of significant morbidity and early mortality in survivors of childhood cancer. Current strategies for predicting which children are at greatest risk for toxicity are imperfect and diagnosis of cardiac injury is usually made relatively late in the natural history of the disease. This study aims to identify genomic, biomarker and imaging parameters that can be used as predictors of risk or aid in the early diagnosis of cardiotoxicity...
August 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766767/data-processing-and-case-identification-in-an-agricultural-and-logging-morbidity-surveillance-study-trends-over-time
#15
Erika Scott, Erin Bell, Nicole Krupa, Liane Hirabayashi, Paul Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Agriculture and logging are dangerous industries, and though data on fatal injury exists, less is known about non-fatal injury. Establishing a non-fatal injury surveillance system is a top priority. Pre-hospital care reports and hospitalization data were explored as a low-cost option for ongoing surveillance of occupational injury. METHODS: Using pre-hospital care report free-text and location codes, along with hospital ICD-9-CM external cause of injury codes, we created a surveillance system that tracked farm and logging injuries...
September 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764673/exploring-coronial-determination-of-intent-for-poisoning-related-deaths-in-australia-2001-2013
#16
Kate Churruca, Rebecca Mitchell
BACKGROUND: In countries like the United States and the United Kingdom, systematic variation in the classification of intent in pharmaceutical poisoning deaths have been identified between jurisdictions. This study aimed to explore whether the coronial determination of intent (unintentional, intentional, undetermined) for pharmaceutical-related poisoning deaths may have affected death rates over time and by jurisdiction in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective examination of mortality records in the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) during 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2013 was conducted...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763389/improving-outreach-and-surveillance-efforts-following-a-large-scale-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-wisconsin
#17
Paul D Creswell, Christy M Vogt, Ryan J Wozniak, Jenny Camponeschi, Mark A Werner, Jonathan G Meiman
OBJECTIVE: In December 2014, the largest carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in Wisconsin's history occurred at an ice arena. Following this event, the Wisconsin Environmental Public Health Tracking (WI EPHT) Program sought to improve outreach and surveillance efforts. METHODS: WI EPHT designed and distributed educational materials on CO poisoning prevention and surveyed stakeholders to gauge the effectiveness of outreach efforts. To enhance surveillance, WI EPHT utilized data from the Wisconsin Poison Center (WPC) to generate real-time alerts of anomalous numbers of CO-related calls...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760164/acute-chemical-incidents-with-injured-first-responders-2002-2012
#18
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Alice Yang, Maureen Orr
Introduction First responders, including firefighters, police officers, emergency medical services, and company emergency response team members, have dangerous jobs that can bring them in contact with hazardous chemicals among other dangers. Limited information is available on responder injuries that occur during hazardous chemical incidents. METHODS: We analyzed 2002-2012 data on acute chemical incidents with injured responders from 2 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry chemical incident surveillance programs...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759480/metal-exposure-in-veterans-with-embedded-fragments-from-war-related-injuries-early-findings-from-surveillance-efforts
#19
Joanna M Gaitens, Marian Condon, Katherine S Squibb, Jose A Centeno, Melissa A McDiarmid
OBJECTIVE: To characterize systemic metal exposures from retained fragments in a cohort of war-injured US Veterans enrolled in the Department of Veterans Affairs' Embedded Fragment Registry. METHODS: Five hundred seventy nine registry-enrolled Veterans submitted an exposure questionnaire and urine sample for analyses of 14 metals often found in fragments. Urine metal results were compared with reference values of unexposed populations to identify elevations. RESULTS: 55% of Veterans had normal urine metal values...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754148/nosocomial-bacterial-infections-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-among-patients-in-ugandan-intensive-care-units-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Peter Agaba, Janat Tumukunde, J V B Tindimwebwa, Arthur Kwizera
BACKGROUND: The intensive care unit (ICU) admits critically ill patients requiring advanced airway, respiratory, cardiac and renal support. Despite the highly-specialized interventions, the mortality and morbidity is still high due to a number of reasons including nosocomial infections, which are the most likely complications in hospitalized patients with the rates being highest among ICU patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 111 adult patients admitted to 2 of the ICUs in Uganda, we set out to describe the commonest bacterial infections, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and factors associated with development of a nosocomial infection...
July 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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