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Injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323470/police-brutality-and-black-health-setting-the-agenda-for-public-health-scholars
#1
Sirry Alang, Donna McAlpine, Ellen McCreedy, Rachel Hardeman
We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, incarcerations, and legal, medical, and funeral bills that cause financial strain; and (5) integrated oppressive structures that cause systematic disempowerment. Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#2
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#3
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Thomas J Kopec, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314966/-neuro-urological-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-speaking-medical-society-of-paraplegia-dmgp-awmf-register-no-179-001
#4
R Böthig, B Domurath, A Kaufmann, J Bremer, W Vance, I Kurze
BACKGROUND: Most patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffer from neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), bowel dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. If these remain untreated, severe medical complications and serious limitations (restrictions) in quality of life are imminent. OBJECTIVES: In the long term, there are considerable differences in the treatment results of highly specialized centers versus other treatment facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Against this background, a consensus-based guideline, according to the AWMF (Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany) criteria (S2k), was developed by the neuro-urology working group of the DMPG (German-Speaking Medical Society of Paraplegia)...
March 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#5
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314415/epidemiology-of-facial-injuries-in-sport
#6
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Paul H Eliason, Declan A Patton, Carolyn A Emery
Facial injuries can pose a large health burden for athletes, potentially resulting in time loss and surgery. This article reviews the incidence, common mechanisms, and risk factors of facial injuries in several sports globally. Estimates of facial injury rates are complicated by a lack of, or inconsistent, reporting on specific types of injury. Much of the epidemiologic literature is based on hospital-based injury surveillance and there is a paucity of literature examining sport-specific risk factors. Future research should focus on prospective injury surveillance methodologies with consistent injury definitions examining risk factors and the effectiveness of facial injury prevention efforts...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306228/diagnosis-natural-history-and-management-in-vascular-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#7
Peter H Byers, John Belmont, James Black, Julie De Backer, Michael Frank, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Diana Johnson, Melanie Pepin, Leema Robert, Lynn Sanders, Nigel Wheeldon
Vascular Ehlers Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is an uncommon genetic disorders characterized by arterial aneurysm, dissection and rupture, bowel rupture, and rupture of the gravid uterus. The frequency is estimated as 1/50,000-1/200,000 and results from pathogenic variants in COL3A1, which encodes the chains of type III procollagen, a major protein in vessel walls and hollow organs. Initial diagnosis depends on the recognitions of clinical features, including family history. Management is complex and requires multiple specialists who can respond to and manage the major complications...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303771/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-single-center-study
#8
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan VandeWalle
BACKGROUND: Information on the epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in children is scarce. We performed a single center retrospective cohort study to analyze the incidence of AKI, the male/female ratio, the underlying etiology, and age at presentation. We also aimed to assess outcome measured by mortality, duration of PICU stay, and development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Records were searched for children presenting with or developing AKI between 1st January 2008 and 1st January 2015...
March 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301646/traumatic-facial-injuries-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-never-event-or-frequent-occurrence
#9
Michael Bobian, Nour El-Kashlan, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Michael Carron
Importance: As the nursing home population continues to increase, an understanding of preventable injuries becomes exceedingly important. Although other fall-related injuries have been characterized, little attention has been dedicated to facial trauma. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of facial trauma among nursing home residents and detail mechanisms of injury, injury characteristics, and patient demographic data. Design, Setting, and Participants: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to calculate a weighted national incidence of facial trauma among individuals older than 60 years from a nationally representative collection of emergency departments from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300820/children-born-at-32-to-35-weeks-with-birth-asphyxia-and-later-cerebral-palsy-are-different-from-those-born-after-35-weeks
#10
J Garfinkle, P Wintermark, M I Shevell, M Oskoui
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) establish the proportion of cerebral palsy (CP) that occurs with a history suggestive of birth asphyxia in children born at 32 to 35 weeks and (2) evaluate their characteristics in comparison with children with CP born at ⩾36 weeks with such a history. STUDY DESIGN: Using the Canadian CP Registry, children born at 32 to 35 weeks of gestation with CP with a history suggestive of birth asphyxia were compared with corresponding ⩾36 weeks of gestation children...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#11
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-;loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294691/injury-deaths-among-u-s-females-cdc-resources-and-programs
#12
Karin A Mack, Cora Peterson, Chao Zhou, Elliane MacConvery, Natalie Wilkins
Injury death rates are lower for women than for men at all ages, but we have a long way to go in understanding the circumstances of injury fatalities among females. This article presents resources that can be used to examine the most recent data on injury fatalities among females and highlights activities of CDC's Injury Center. The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's (NCIPC's) Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System, an online surveillance database, can be used to examine injury deaths...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290957/oral-maxillofacial-injury-surveillance-of-u-s-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-2001-to-2014
#13
Timothy A Mitchener, Rodney Chan, John W Simecek
BACKGROUND: Cranial and oral-maxillofacial injuries accounted for 33% of military visits to in-theater (Level III) military treatment facilities for battle injuries during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Even after years of conflict, the size and scope of oral-maxillofacial injuries in military armed conflict is still not fully understood. This study reports U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) rates of oral-maxillofacial injuries that can be used for further surveillance and research...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290946/medical-redeployment-in-soldiers-with-and-without-medical-deployment-waivers
#14
Corey M Cronrath, Joseph Venezia, Titus J Rund, Timothy H Cho, Nicole M Solana, Jennifer A Benincasa
BACKGROUND: Historically, disease and nonbattle injuries (DNBI) have caused more casualties during military operations than enemy combatants. Recent deployments to U.S. Central Commands (USCENTCOM) area of operation (AOR) have demonstrated similar outcomes. Intuitively, appropriate medical standards for our deploying Soldiers should result in no greater redeployments rates for those Soldiers who are waived for various medical conditions. However, no formal study has been published on redeployment rates of Soldiers with medical deployment waivers...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289137/nursery-product-related-injuries-treated-in-united-states-emergency-departments
#15
Christopher E Gaw, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the epidemiology of injuries associated with nursery products among young children treated in US emergency departments. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were retrospectively analyzed for patients aged <3 years who sustained an injury associated with a nursery product from 1991 through 2011. RESULTS: An estimated 1 391 844 (95% confidence interval, 1 169 489-1 614 199) nursery product-related injuries among children aged <3 years were treated in US emergency departments during the 21-year study period, averaging 56...
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288733/potential-gains-in-life-expectancy-by-improving-road-safety-in-china
#16
Q Li, S Ma, D Bishai, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: Road traffic injuries (RTI) cause a significant number of injuries and deaths in China every year; the World Health Organization estimated 261,367 deaths due to RTI in 2013. As a result of the ongoing growth of China's economy, road construction and motorisation, RTI are expected to impose a heavy health burden in the future. However, the public and policy makers have not widely perceived RTI as a public health issue commensurate with its consequences, in part, due to a lack of intuitive indicator measuring the health impact...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286817/epidemiological-pattern-of-injuries-in-iran-a-nationwide-review-of-seven-million-emergency-department-admissions
#17
Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Mashyaneh Haddadi, Soheil Saadat
INTRODUCTION: Globally, it is estimated that around 5.8 million people die annually as result of injuries, which causes 10% of all deaths and 16% of disability adjusted life years lost worldwide. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of injuries in emergency departments in Iran. METHOD: This cross sectional study was carried out using national injury surveillance data registry from 21 March 2009 to 20 March 2014. RESULTS: 7,176,344 patients with the mean age of 27...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279963/the-risk-of-injury-associated-with-body-checking-among-pee-wee-ice-hockey-players-an-evaluation-of-hockey-canada-s-national-body-checking-policy-change
#18
Amanda M Black, Brent E Hagel, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Kathryn J Schneider, Carolyn A Emery
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Hockey Canada introduced an evidence-informed policy change delaying the earliest age of introduction to body checking in ice hockey until Bantam (ages 13-14) nationwide. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the risk of injury, including concussions, changes for Pee Wee (11-12 years) ice hockey players in the season following a national policy change disallowing body checking. METHODS: In a historical cohort study, Pee Wee players were recruited from teams in all divisions of play in 2011-2012 prior to the rule change and in 2013-2014 following the change...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278750/the-ethics-of-researching-intimate-partner-violence-in-global-health-a-case-study-from-global-health-research
#19
Jenevieve Mannell, Adrian Guta
There has been an increase in attention to intimate partner violence (IPV) as a health issue that contributes to the spread of HIV, physical and emotional stress, depression, substance use, serious injuries, and higher rates of mortality in low-income settings. This paper explores the ethical implications raised by research on IPV by global health scholars. Drawing on Hedgecoe's work on critical bioethics to analyse a qualitative study of IPV in Rwanda, this paper discusses the risks and benefits of conducting research on IPV as part of the global health agenda...
February 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275224/aggressive-versus-conservative-antibiotic-use-to-prevent-and-treat-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-comparison-of-two-case-series
#20
Arturo Chieregato, Paolo Malacarne, Francesco Cocciolo, Maurizio Ravaldini, Emanuele Russo, Bruno Viaggi, Michele Giardino, Carlotta Rossi, Bruno Simini, Guido Bertolini
BACKGROUND: In patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is considered a dangerous complication, prompting early aggressive antibiotic treatment and prophylaxis. While this approach increases the selection of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR), its clinical benefit has not been demonstrated. METHODS: One-year incidence of VAP in severe TBI patients (ICU stay >48 hours, with either Glasgow Coma Scale 8 or receiving intracranial pressure monitoring, or having undergone emergency surgery) and the prevalence of MDR among those who eventually developed it, were compared in two Italian intensive care units (ICUs) adopting different antibiotic approaches...
March 8, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
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