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Lower limb injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530486/y-balance-test-performance-following-a-competitive-field-hockey-season-a-pretest-posttest-study
#1
Matthew C Hoch, Lauren A Welsch, Emily M Hartley, Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test (YBT) is a dynamic balance assessment used as a preseason musculoskeletal screen to determine injury risk. While the YBT has demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability, it is unknown if YBT performance changes following participation in a competitive athletic season. OBJECTIVE: Determine if a competitive athletic season affects YBT performance in field hockey players. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest. SETTING: Laboratory...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526124/is-the-routine-use-of-a-functional-electrical-stimulation-cycle-for-lower-limb-movement-standard-of-care-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#2
EDITORIAL
Argyrios Stampas, Henry S York, Michael W O'Dell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525884/training-volume-and-soft-tissue-injury-in-professional-and-non-professional-rugby-union-players-a-systematic-review
#3
Shane Ball, Mark Halaki, Rhonda Orr
AIM: To investigate the relationship between training volume and soft tissue injury incidence, and characterise soft tissue injury in rugby union players. DESIGN: A systematic search of electronic databases was performed. The search strategy combined terms covering: training volume and injury, and rugby union, and players of all levels. DATA SOURCES: Medline, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies were included if they reported: male rugby union players, a clear definition of a rugby union injury, the amount of training volume undertaken by participants, and epidemiological data for soft-tissue injuries including the number or incidence...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525311/telerehabilitation-of-patients-with-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities
#4
Andriy I Tsvyakh, Andriy J Hospodarskyy
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to orthopedic rehabilitation is an important problem for the Ukrainian healthcare system. The international orthopedic community aims to achieve the best possible outcome for patient care by modifying rehabilitation methods and using telemedicine technology. The theme of this article is to discuss the integration of telemedicine technology in the rehabilitation of patients with injuries of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were recruited over a 2-year period...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523981/classification-of-lunge-biomechanics-with-multiple-and-individual-inertial-measurement-units
#5
Martin A O'Reilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian Caulfield
Lunges are a common, compound lower limb resistance exercise. If completed with aberrant technique, the increased stress on the joints used may increase risk of injury. This study sought to first investigate the ability of inertial measurement units (IMUs), when used in isolation and combination, to (a) classify acceptable and aberrant lunge technique (b) classify exact deviations in lunge technique. We then sought to investigate the most important features and establish the minimum number of top-ranked features and decision trees that are needed to maintain maximal system classification efficacy...
May 19, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523345/endovenous-laser-ablation-therapy-in-children-applications-and-outcomes
#6
Premal A Patel, Alex M Barnacle, Sam Stuart, Joao G Amaral, Philip R John
BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser ablation is well recognized as the first-line treatment for superficial venous reflux with varicose veins in adults. It is not widely reported and is not an established practice in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a variety of pediatric venous conditions in which endovenous laser ablation can be utilized and to demonstrate its feasibility and safety in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of endovenous laser ablation procedures performed between January 2007 and July 2014 at two large pediatric institutions...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515971/prediction-of-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-performance-from-lower-extremity-range-of-motion-and-core-tests
#7
Nicole J Chimera, Shelby Knoeller, Ron Cooper, Nicholas Kothe, Craig Smith, Meghan Warren
BACKGROUND: There are varied reports in the literature regarding the association of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) with injury. The FMS™ has been correlated with hamstring range of motion and plank hold times; however, limited research is available on the predictability of lower extremity range of motion (ROM) and core function on FMS™ performance. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether active lower extremity ROM measurements and core functional tests predict FMS™ performance...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515970/two-dimensional-video-analysis-is-comparable-to-3d-motion-capture-in-lower-extremity-movement-assessment
#8
Stacy A Schurr, Ashley N Marshall, Jacob E Resch, Susan A Saliba
BACKGROUND: Although 3D motion capture is considered the "gold standard" for recording and analyzing kinematics, 2D video analysis may be a more reasonable, inexpensive, and portable option for kinematic assessment during pre-participation screenings. Few studies have compared quantitative measurements of lower extremity functional tasks between 2D and 3D. PURPOSE: To compare kinematic measurements of the trunk and lower extremity in the frontal and sagittal planes between 2D video camera and 3D motion capture analyses obtained concurrently during a SLS...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514510/injury-to-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-the-saphenous-nerve-during-tendon-graft-harvesting-for-knee-ligament-reconstruction-an-ultrasound-simulation-study
#9
Przemysław A Pękala, Ewa Miza, Brandon Michael Henry, Patrick Popieluszko, Marios Loukas, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
INTRODUCTION: The clinical anatomy of the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) is of particular importance during operations in the area of the knee, especially when material for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is harvested. The nerve can easily be injured during the harvesting procedure, leading to postoperative complications that reduce quality of life. Three different skin incisions are commonly used during hamstring tendon harvesting: horizontal, vertical, and oblique...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513281/short-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-muscle-recruitment-order-during-a-vertical-jump-a-pilot-study
#10
Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Alexis Dabanch-Santis, Francisco Diaz-Valenzuela
CONTEXT: Kinesio taping is commonly used in sports and rehabilitation settings with the aim of prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. However, limited evidence exists regarding the effects of 24 and 72 h of kinesio taping on trunk and lower limb neuromuscular and kinetic performance during a vertical jump. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the short-term effects of kinesio taping on the height and ground reaction force during a vertical jump, in addition to trunk and lower limb muscle latency and recruitment order...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508762/results-of-the-treatment-of-infected-nonunions-of-the-lower-limbs-using-the-ilizarov-method
#11
Marek Dróżdż, Stanisław Rak, Paweł Bartosz, Jerzy Białecki, Wojciech Marczyński
BACKGROUND: Infected nonunion is a complex complication of the treatment of long bone fractures. An in creased incidence of injuries, including high energy injuries (often open ones), contributes to a higher incidence of nonunion. These primarily infected injuries cause osteomyelitis, which prevents bone union, resulting in an infected nonunion. The Ilizarov method meets the biological and biomechanical treatment requirements, opti mising the process of inflammation healing and producing bone union...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507855/composite-arteriovenous-radial-conduit-flap-for-lower-limb-reconstruction
#12
Pedro C Cavadas, Burak Sercan Ercin, Alessandro Thione
In complex lower limb trauma, the healthy recipient vessels can be far from the defect to be reconstructed due to the usually high-energy injury sustained. The use of vein grafts, either directly or in the form of arteriovenous loops, is the usual solution in these cases. In the vein graft donor-depleted patient, other options are required; the composite arteriovenous radial conduit flap may be a useful resort in these situations.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504995/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-decreases-oxidative-lung-damage-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#13
José García-de-la-Asunción, Laura Bruno, Jaume Perez-Griera, Genaro Galan, Alfonso Morcillo, Richard Wins, Eva García-Del-Olmo, Ricardo Guijarro, Benjamín Sarriá, Francisco Martí, Marina Soro, Francisco Javier Belda
BACKGROUND: During lobectomy in patients with lung cancer, the operated lung is often -collapsed and hypoperfused. Ischemia/reperfusion injury may then occur when the lung is -re-expanded. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) would decrease oxidative lung damage and improve gas exchange in the postoperative period. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer undergoing elective lung lobectomy...
May 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503453/relationship-between-motor-evoked-potential-response-and-the-severity-of-paralysis-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#14
Mi-Kyoung Oh, Hye-Ri Kim, Won-Seok Kim, Hyung Ik Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between motor evoked potential (MEP) response and the severity of motor paralysis, evaluated according to the Korean disability evaluation system in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: We analyzed 192 lower limbs of 96 SCI patients. Lower limbs were classified according to their motor scores, as determined by the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury: motor score <10 (group 1); ≥10 and <15 (group 2); ≥15 and <20 (group 3); and ≥20 (group 4)...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501955/a-case-of-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-cauda-equina-fed-by-the-proximal-radicular-artery-anatomical-features-and-treatment-precautions
#15
Satoru Tanioka, Naoki Toma, Hiroshi Sakaida, Yasuyuki Umeda, Hidenori Suzuki
PURPOSE: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the cauda equina (CE) fed by the proximal radicular artery (PRA) is very rare, and the differentiation from that of the filum terminale (FT) is important to avoid treatment-related injury to the CE when endovascular treatment is selected. The authors describe a case of AVF of the CE fed by the PRA, demonstrate the anatomical features and discuss the treatment precautions. METHODS: A 69-year-old man presented with a transient weakness of lower limbs...
May 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494904/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-1-predictors-epidemiological-perspective-from-a-national-database-analysis
#16
Ahmad Elsharydah, Nathaniel H Loo, Abu Minhajuddin, Enas S Kandil
OBJECTIVE: Complex regional pain syndrome type 1 is a disabling pain disorder with unclear etiology. It is usually triggered by an injury to a limb with or without specific nerve injury. The objective of this study is to explore the risk factors and predictors for this disease utilizing a large national database. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2007 to 2011 in the United States. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Adult inpatients diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome type 1...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493074/corrective-osteotomies-of-the-lower-limb-show-a-low-intra-and-perioperative-complication-rate-an-analysis-of-1003-patients
#17
Maximilian Schenke, Jörg Dickschas, Michael Simon, Wolf Strecker
PURPOSE: The purpose of corrective osteotomies in posttraumatic and congenital deformities is anatomic limb reconstruction and joint preservation. The aim of the present study was to analyse intra- and perioperative complications of osteotomies in the lower limb. METHODS: One thousand and three unselected and prospectively registered osteotomies of the long bones of the lower limb, performed between 1995 and 2013, were analysed. In 435 women and 568 men (mean age 39...
May 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491203/traumatic-lumbar-vertebral-ring-apophysis-fracture-with-disk-herniation-in-an-adolescent
#18
Geetanjalee Kadam, Kaustubh Narsinghpura, Sonali Deshmukh, Sanjay Desai
We present a case of a 15-year-old male with history of back pain and bilateral lower limb radiculopathy due to fall. The magnetic resonance imaging scan showed disc bulge at L2-L3 level causing compression on contained nerve roots. In this case, computed tomography scan was indispensable for diagnosis and classification of the vertebral apophyseal fracture and to guide appropriate further management. Apophyseal ring fracture is an uncommon cause of back pain with radiculopathy in adolescents and athletes. High degree of suspicion is necessary to differentiate these injuries from disc herniation so as to further guide appropriate conservative or surgical management...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489771/chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection-associated-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome-and-extra-nodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-in-an-18-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#19
Yawei Xing, Junwen Yang, Guanghui Lian, Shuijiao Chen, Linlin Chen, Fujun Li
RATIONALE: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) associated with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) and extra-nodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL) is a rare life-threatening disorder. This disease is easily misdiagnosed because of its varied presentations. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with a history of edema in the lower limbs and intermittent fever lasting for more than 1 month. At admission, she had severe liver injury of unknown etiology...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#20
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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