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Rugby league injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710723/observational-review-and-analysis-of-concussion-a-method-for-conducting-a-standardized-video-analysis-of-concussion-in-rugby-league
#1
Andrew J Gardner, Christopher R Levi, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: Several professional contact and collision sports have recently introduced the use of sideline video review for club medical staff to help identify and manage concussions. As such, reviewing video footage on the sideline has become increasingly relied upon to assist with improving the identification of possible injury. However, as yet, a standardized method for reviewing such video footage in rugby league has not been published. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether independent raters reliably agreed on the injury characterization when using a standardized observational instrument to record video footage of National Rugby League (NRL) concussions...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708701/self-reported-concussion-history-and-sensorimotor-tests-predict-head-neck-injuries
#2
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Julia Treleaven, Andrew H Rotstein, Christopher T Sexton, Nancy Low Choy, Paul McCrory
PURPOSE: Sports related concussion (SRC) is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. A history of SRC is a risk factor for future concussions, but the mechanisms underlying this are unknown. Despite evidence that most visible signs and symptoms associated with sports concussion resolve within 7-10 days, it has been proposed that subclinical loss of neuromuscular control and impaired motor functioning may persist and be associated with further injury. Alternatively, indicators of poor sensorimotor performance could be independent risk factors...
July 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661825/concussions-in-community-level-rugby-risk-knowledge-and-attitudes
#3
R Kyle Martin, Travis J Hrubeniuk, Christopher D Witiw, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter
BACKGROUND: Rugby is a popular collision sport where participants are at risk of sustaining concussions. Most research focuses on elite-level or youth divisions. Comparatively, little is known about adult community rugby. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of sustaining a concussion during participation in community-level rugby and summarize the collective knowledge and attitudes toward concussions. HYPOTHESIS: Concussion symptoms will be reported frequently among community-level rugby players and a substantial proportion will report a willingness to continue participation despite the risk...
July 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630584/time-loss-injuries-in-sub-elite-and-emerging-rugby-league-players
#4
Mark Booth, Rhonda Orr
This study aimed to 1) investigate the incidence and characteristics of injuries in emerging rugby league players; and 2) explore the differences in injury incidence and characteristics between the various sub-elite competitions. An NRL emerging player development squad (n = 34) was observed from the beginning of pre-season until the finish of competition. Time-loss injury was defined as any physical pain or impairment sustained that resulted in players missing a match. Injuries were categorised according to circumstance, incidence, characteristics, playing position and competition level...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538293/comparison-of-strength-levels-between-players-from-within-the-same-club-who-were-selected-vs-not-selected-to-play-in-the-grand-final-of-the-national-rugby-league-competition
#5
Daniel G Baker
A number of studies have established that higher levels of strength and power, tested at the end of the preseason, distinguish between playing level in professional rugby league. How this may impact the ability of players to get selected for final payoff games some 30 weeks later has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of upper- and lower-body strength between players from the same professional club, designated as those 17 players who attained selection and played in the team that won the Grand Final of the National Rugby League competition (GF) and those who did not attain selection (NSGF)...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259770/a-prospective-investigation-of-changes-in-the-sensorimotor-system-following-sports-concussion-an-exploratory-study
#6
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Nigel A Smith, Andrew J Cooper, Julia Treleaven, Felix Leung, Andrew J Gardner, Paul McCrory, Nancy L Low Choy
BACKGROUND: Sports concussion is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. Post-concussion, the majority of symptoms subside within 7-10 days, but can persist in 10-20% of athletes. Understanding the effects of sports concussion on sensorimotor systems could inform physiotherapy treatment. OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in sensorimotor function in the acute phase following sports concussion. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247331/exercise-based-interventions-for-injury-prevention-in-tackle-collision-ball-sports-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Wayne Viljoen, Clint Readhead, James Brown
BACKGROUND: The injury burden in collision sports is relatively high compared to other team sports. Therefore, participants in these sports would benefit by having effective injury prevention programs. Exercise-based interventions have successfully reduced injuries in soccer, but evidence on exercise-based interventions in tackle collision sports is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to systematically examine the evidence of exercise-based intervention programs reducing injuries in tackle collision sports...
February 28, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153609/wearable-microtechnology-can-accurately-identify-collision-events-during-professional-rugby-league-match-play
#8
Billy T Hulin, Tim J Gabbett, Rich D Johnston, David G Jenkins
OBJECTIVES: Collision frequency during rugby league matches is associated with team success, greater and longer lasting fatigue and increased injury risk. This study researched the sensitivity and specificity of microtechnology to count collision events during rugby league matches. DESIGN: Diagnostic accuracy study. METHODS: While wearing a microtechnology device (Catapult, S5), eight professional rugby league players were subjected to a total of 380 collision events during matches...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039125/mechanisms-of-acl-injury-in-professional-rugby-union-a-systematic-video-analysis-of-36-cases
#9
Connor Montgomery, Jeff Blackburn, Daniel Withers, Gregory Tierney, Cathal Moran, Ciaran Simms
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of ACL injury in rugby are not well defined. AIM: To describe the mechanisms of ACL injury in male professional rugby players using systematic video analysis. METHODS: 36 cases from games played in top professional leagues and international matches were analysed. 5 analysts independently assessed all videos to record the estimated frame/time of initial ground contact, frame/time of ACL tear and a range of play specific variables...
December 30, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918659/importance-of-various-training-load-measures-on-injury-incidence-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#10
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781193/catastrophic-cervical-spine-injuries-in-contact-sports
#11
Michael James Hutton, Robert A McGuire, Robert Dunn, Richard Williams, Peter Robertson, Bruce Twaddle, Patrick Kiely, Andrew Clarke, Keyvan Mazda, Paul Davies, Krystle T Pagarigan, Joseph R Dettori
Study Design Systematic review. Objectives To determine the incidence of catastrophic cervical spine injuries (CCSIs) among elite athletes participating in contact team sports and whether the incidence varies depending on the use of protective gear or by player position. Methods Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles published from January 1, 2000, to January 29, 2016, were searched. Results Fourteen studies were included that reported CCSI in rugby (n = 10), American football (n = 3), and Irish hurling (n = 1)...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737484/usefulness-of-video-review-of-possible-concussions-in-national-youth-rugby-league
#12
A J Gardner, R M N Kohler, C R Levi, G L Iverson
A new concussion interchange rule (CIR) was introduced in 2014 for the National Rugby League and National Youth Competition (NYC). The CIR allows a player suspected of having sustained a concussion to be removed from play and assessed without an interchange being tallied against the player's team. Participants included all NYC players who used the CIR during the 2014 season. 2 raters completed video analysis of 131 (of a total of 156 reported) uses of the CIR, describing injury characteristics, situational factors, and concussion signs...
January 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658414/arthroscopic-surgical-technique-for-an-acute-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesion-in-a-professional-rugby-league-player
#13
Martin Sullivan, Ethan J Fraser, James Linklater, Craig Harris, Kieran Morgan
Background Talar osteochondral lesions represent challenging clinical entities, particularly in high-demand athletes. Surgical treatment of large lesions often requires a 2-step procedure, or the use of osteotomy in the case of autologous osteochondral transfer, which can delay return to sport. Methods A professional rugby league player underwent surgery for a complex injury to the ankle. A talar osteochondral lesion with a maximal diameter of 15 mm was treated in an arthroscopic fashion using the cartilage taken from the completely displaced osteochondral fragment...
September 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553391/a-five-year-review-of-tag-rugby-hand-injuries
#14
C W Joyce, J F C Woods, S Murphy, S Bollard, J L Kelly, S M Carroll, M O'Shaughnessy
Tag rugby is one of the fastest growing sports in Ireland. It is a soft-contact team game that is loosely based on the rugby league format except players try to remove Velcro tags from their opponents' shorts rather than engage in a typical rugby tackle. The purpose of this study was to examine all tag rugby associated hand injuries over a five-year period in three large tertiary referral hospitals in Ireland. Using the patient corresponding system, 228 patients with hand injury related tag rugby injuries were observed from 2010 to 2015...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548796/comparison-of-strength-levels-between-players-from-within-the-same-club-that-were-selected-versus-not-selected-to-play-in-the-grand-final-of-the-national-rugby-league-competition
#15
(no author information available yet)
A number of studies have established that higher levels of strength and power, tested at the end of the pre-season, distinguish between playing level in professional rugby league. How this may impact the ability of players to get selected for final pay-off games some 30-wks later has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of upper and lower body strength between players from the same professional club, designated as those seventeen players who attained selection and played in the team that won the Grand Final of the National Rugby League (NRL) competition (GF) and those who did not attain selection (NSGF)...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545011/facial-fractures-in-football-incidence-site-and-mechanism-of-injury
#16
S Y Kim, C L Chan, D M Hyam
Football injuries are responsible for many of the maxillofacial injuries sustained during sporting activities. In the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the four major types of Australian football are played in large numbers and up to a high standard. Our objective was to analyse maxillofacial fractures that were sustained during rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules, and soccer matches. We retrospectively studied 134 patients with maxillofacial fractures during the five-year period 2010-14. All patients were assessed and treated at Canberra Hospital, the major trauma centre in the ACT...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460647/a-systematic-review-protocol-investigating-tests-for-physical-or-physiological-qualities-and-game-specific-skills-commonly-used-in-rugby-and-related-sports-and-their-psychometric-properties
#17
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Gillian D Ferguson, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Scientific focus on rugby has increased over the recent years, providing evidence of the physical or physiological characteristics and game-specific skills needed in the sport. Identification of tests commonly used to measure these characteristics is important for the development of test batteries, which in turn may be used for talent identification and injury prevention programmes. Although there are a number of tests available in the literature to measure physical or physiological variables and game-specific skills, there is limited information available on the psychometric properties of the tests...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351803/semi-professional-rugby-league-players-have-higher-concussion-risk-than-professional-or-amateur-participants-a-pooled-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Doug King, Patria Hume, Conor Gissane, Trevor Clark
A combined estimate of injuries within a specific sport through pooled analysis provides more precise evidence and meaningful information about the sport, whilst controlling for between-study variation due to individual sub-cohort characteristics. The objective of this analysis was to review all published rugby league studies reporting injuries from match and training participation and report the pooled data estimates for rugby league concussion injury epidemiology. A systematic literature analysis of concussion in rugby league was performed on published studies from January 1990 to October 2015...
February 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217928/management-of-in-season-concurrent-rotator-cuff-tear-with-shoulder-instability-in-professional-contact-football-athletes-respect-the-career-goals
#19
Maike Mueller, Gregory Hoy, Ruben Branson
INTRODUCTION: Professional sports injuries are usually all dealt with at one single operation to return the player to the sport after appropriate rehabilitation. We questioned the assumption that rotator cuff tears must be repaired concurrently with instability syndromes, and aimed to allow a professional rugby league player to achieve career goals by NOT correcting all pathology at one surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A professional rugby league player presented with acute shoulder instability on a setting of a chronic full thickness rotator cuff tear...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075963/training-load-injury-paradox-is-greater-preseason-participation-associated-with-lower-in-season-injury-risk-in-elite-rugby-league-players
#20
Johann Windt, Tim J Gabbett, Daniel Ferris, Karim M Khan
AIM: To determine whether players who completed a greater number of planned preseason training sessions were more or less likely to be injured during the competitive season. METHODS: A cohort of 30 elite rugby league players was prospectively studied during their 17-week preseason and 26-round competitive season. Injuries were recorded using a match time loss definition. Preseason participation was quantified as the number of 'full' training sessions that players completed, excluding modified, rehabilitation or missed sessions...
April 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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