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Rugby league injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781193/catastrophic-cervical-spine-injuries-in-contact-sports
#1
Michael James Hutton, Robert A McGuire, Robert Dunn, Richard Williams, Peter Robertson, Bruce Twaddle, Patrick Kiely, Andrew Clarke, Keyvan Mazda, Paul Davies, Krystle T Pagarigan, Joseph R Dettori
Study Design Systematic review. Objectives To determine the incidence of catastrophic cervical spine injuries (CCSIs) among elite athletes participating in contact team sports and whether the incidence varies depending on the use of protective gear or by player position. Methods Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles published from January 1, 2000, to January 29, 2016, were searched. Results Fourteen studies were included that reported CCSI in rugby (n = 10), American football (n = 3), and Irish hurling (n = 1)...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737484/usefulness-of-video-review-of-possible-concussions-in-national-youth-rugby-league
#2
A J Gardner, R M N Kohler, C R Levi, G L Iverson
A new concussion interchange rule (CIR) was introduced in 2014 for the National Rugby League and National Youth Competition (NYC). The CIR allows a player suspected of having sustained a concussion to be removed from play and assessed without an interchange being tallied against the player's team. Participants included all NYC players who used the CIR during the 2014 season. 2 raters completed video analysis of 131 (of a total of 156 reported) uses of the CIR, describing injury characteristics, situational factors, and concussion signs...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658414/arthroscopic-surgical-technique-for-an-acute-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesion-in-a-professional-rugby-league-player
#3
Martin Sullivan, Ethan J Fraser, James Linklater, Craig Harris, Kieran Morgan
: Background Talar osteochondral lesions represent challenging clinical entities, particularly in high-demand athletes. Surgical treatment of large lesions often requires a 2-step procedure, or the use of osteotomy in the case of autologous osteochondral transfer, which can delay return to sport. Methods A professional rugby league player underwent surgery for a complex injury to the ankle. A talar osteochondral lesion with a maximal diameter of 15 mm was treated in an arthroscopic fashion using the cartilage taken from the completely displaced osteochondral fragment...
September 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553391/a-five-year-review-of-tag-rugby-hand-injuries
#4
C W Joyce, J F C Woods, S Murphy, S Bollard, J L Kelly, S M Carroll, M O'Shaughnessy
Tag rugby is one of the fastest growing sports in Ireland. It is a soft-contact team game that is loosely based on the rugby league format except players try to remove Velcro tags from their opponents' shorts rather than engage in a typical rugby tackle. The purpose of this study was to examine all tag rugby associated hand injuries over a five-year period in three large tertiary referral hospitals in Ireland. Using the patient corresponding system, 228 patients with hand injury related tag rugby injuries were observed from 2010 to 2015...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548796/comparison-of-strength-levels-between-players-from-within-the-same-club-that-were-selected-versus-not-selected-to-play-in-the-grand-final-of-the-national-rugby-league-competition
#5
(no author information available yet)
A number of studies have established that higher levels of strength and power, tested at the end of the pre-season, distinguish between playing level in professional rugby league. How this may impact the ability of players to get selected for final pay-off games some 30-wks later has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of upper and lower body strength between players from the same professional club, designated as those seventeen players who attained selection and played in the team that won the Grand Final of the National Rugby League (NRL) competition (GF) and those who did not attain selection (NSGF)...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545011/facial-fractures-in-football-incidence-site-and-mechanism-of-injury
#6
S Y Kim, C L Chan, D M Hyam
Football injuries are responsible for many of the maxillofacial injuries sustained during sporting activities. In the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the four major types of Australian football are played in large numbers and up to a high standard. Our objective was to analyse maxillofacial fractures that were sustained during rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules, and soccer matches. We retrospectively studied 134 patients with maxillofacial fractures during the five-year period 2010-14. All patients were assessed and treated at Canberra Hospital, the major trauma centre in the ACT...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460647/a-systematic-review-protocol-investigating-tests-for-physical-or-physiological-qualities-and-game-specific-skills-commonly-used-in-rugby-and-related-sports-and-their-psychometric-properties
#7
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Gillian D Ferguson, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Scientific focus on rugby has increased over the recent years, providing evidence of the physical or physiological characteristics and game-specific skills needed in the sport. Identification of tests commonly used to measure these characteristics is important for the development of test batteries, which in turn may be used for talent identification and injury prevention programmes. Although there are a number of tests available in the literature to measure physical or physiological variables and game-specific skills, there is limited information available on the psychometric properties of the tests...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351803/semi-professional-rugby-league-players-have-higher-concussion-risk-than-professional-or-amateur-participants-a-pooled-analysis
#8
Doug King, Patria Hume, Conor Gissane, Trevor Clark
A combined estimate of injuries within a specific sport through pooled analysis provides more precise evidence and meaningful information about the sport, whilst controlling for between-study variation due to individual sub-cohort characteristics. The objective of this analysis was to review all published rugby league studies reporting injuries from match and training participation and report the pooled data estimates for rugby league concussion injury epidemiology. A systematic literature analysis of concussion in rugby league was performed on published studies from January 1990 to October 2015...
June 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217928/management-of-in-season-concurrent-rotator-cuff-tear-with-shoulder-instability-in-professional-contact-football-athletes-respect-the-career-goals
#9
Maike Mueller, Gregory Hoy, Ruben Branson
INTRODUCTION: Professional sports injuries are usually all dealt with at one single operation to return the player to the sport after appropriate rehabilitation. We questioned the assumption that rotator cuff tears must be repaired concurrently with instability syndromes, and aimed to allow a professional rugby league player to achieve career goals by NOT correcting all pathology at one surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A professional rugby league player presented with acute shoulder instability on a setting of a chronic full thickness rotator cuff tear...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075963/training-load-injury-paradox-is-greater-preseason-participation-associated-with-lower-in-season-injury-risk-in-elite-rugby-league-players
#10
Johann Windt, Tim J Gabbett, Daniel Ferris, Karim M Khan
AIM: To determine whether players who completed a greater number of planned preseason training sessions were more or less likely to be injured during the competitive season. METHODS: A cohort of 30 elite rugby league players was prospectively studied during their 17-week preseason and 26-round competitive season. Injuries were recorded using a match time loss definition. Preseason participation was quantified as the number of 'full' training sessions that players completed, excluding modified, rehabilitation or missed sessions...
April 13, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990719/influence-of-field-position-on-rugby-league-players-requiring-shoulder-reconstruction
#11
D J Bokor, A Sundaram, P L Graham
A consecutive series of patients sustaining their index anterior instability while playing Rugby League and requiring shoulder reconstruction was retrospectively reviewed and evaluated. The details of their on-field position and hand dominance at time of injury, the side of injury, and mechanism of injury were collated and statistically analyzed. A total of 173 Bankart repairs were performed on 132 patients, and 102 players had one injury while 30 had 2 or more injuries. Players are more likely to injure their non-dominant side (P=0...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851288/low-chronic-workload-and-the-acute-chronic-workload-ratio-are-more-predictive-of-injury-than-between-match-recovery-time-a-two-season-prospective-cohort-study-in-elite-rugby-league-players
#12
Billy T Hulin, Tim J Gabbett, Peter Caputi, Daniel W Lawson, John A Sampson
BACKGROUND: Between-match recovery time, and acute and chronic workloads likely affect subsequent match-injury risk in elite rugby league players. METHODS: Workloads of 28 players throughout two seasons were calculated during short (<7 days), and long (≥7 days) between-match recovery times. 'Acute' workloads (1 week) greater than 'chronic' workloads (4-week rolling average acute workload) resulted in acute:chronic workload ratios above 1. RESULTS: No difference was found between the match-injury risk of short and long between-match recovery periods (7...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837928/a-video-analysis-of-use-of-the-new-concussion-interchange-rule-in-the-national-rugby-league
#13
A J Gardner, G L Iverson, P Stanwell, T Moore, J Ellis, C R Levi
The National Rugby League (NRL) in Australia introduced a new 'concussion interchange rule' (CIR) in 2014, whereby a player suspected of having sustained a concussion can be removed from play, and assessed, without an interchange being tallied against the player's team. We conducted a video analysis, describing player and injury characteristics, situational factors, concussion signs, and return to play for each "CIR" event for the 2014 season. There were 167 reported uses of the CIR. Apparent loss of consciousness/unresponsiveness was observed in 32% of cases, loss of muscle tone in 54%, clutching the head in 70%, unsteadiness of gait in 66%, and a vacant stare in 66%...
April 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822969/the-relationship-between-training-load-and-injury-illness-and-soreness-a-systematic-and-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Michael K Drew, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Clinically it is understood that rapid increases in training loads expose an athlete to an increased risk of injury; however, there are no systematic reviews to qualify this statement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine training and competition loads, and the relationship between injury, illness and soreness. METHODS: The MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL and EMBASE databases were searched using a predefined search strategy...
June 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788986/effects-of-long-haul-transmeridian-travel-on-subjective-jet-lag-and-self-reported-sleep-and-upper-respiratory-symptoms-in-professional-rugby-league-players
#15
Peter M Fowler, Rob Duffield, Donna Lu, Jeremy A Hickmans, Tannath J Scott
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of 24-h travel west across 11 time zones on subjective jet-lag and wellness responses together with self-reported sleep and upper respiratory symptoms in 18 professional rugby league players. METHODS: Measures were obtained 1 or 2 d before (pretravel) and 2, 6, and 8 d after travel (post-2, post-6, and post-8) from Australia to the United Kingdom (UK) for the 2015 World Club Series. RESULTS: Compared with pretravel, subjective jet-lag remained significantly elevated on post-8 (3...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701923/has-the-athlete-trained-enough-to-return-to-play-safely-the-acute-chronic-workload-ratio-permits-clinicians-to-quantify-a-player-s-risk-of-subsequent-injury
#16
Peter Blanch, Tim J Gabbett
The return to sport from injury is a difficult multifactorial decision, and risk of reinjury is an important component. Most protocols for ascertaining the return to play status involve assessment of the healing status of the original injury and functional tests which have little proven predictive ability. Little attention has been paid to ascertaining whether an athlete has completed sufficient training to be prepared for competition. Recently, we have completed a series of studies in cricket, rugby league and Australian rules football that have shown that when an athlete's training and playing load for a given week (acute load) spikes above what they have been doing on average over the past 4 weeks (chronic load), they are more likely to be injured...
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26637283/return-to-training-and-playing-after-acute-lisfranc-injuries-in-elite-professional-soccer-and-rugby-players
#17
Rupinderbir Singh Deol, Andrew Roche, James D F Calder
BACKGROUND: Lisfranc joint injuries are increasingly recognized in elite soccer and rugby players. Currently, no evidence-based guidelines exist on time frames for return to training and competition after surgical treatment. PURPOSE: To assess the time to return to training and playing after Lisfranc joint injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A consecutive series of 17 professional soccer and rugby players in the English Premier/Championship leagues was assessed using prospectively collected data...
January 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26552415/time-loss-injuries-compromise-team-success-in-elite-rugby-union-a-7-year-prospective-study
#18
Sean Williams, Grant Trewartha, Simon P T Kemp, John H M Brooks, Colin W Fuller, Aileen E Taylor, Matthew J Cross, Keith A Stokes
BACKGROUND: A negative association between injuries and team success has been demonstrated in professional football, but the nature of this association in elite Rugby Union teams is currently unclear. AIM: To assess the association between injury burden measures and team success outcomes within professional Rugby Union teams. METHODS: A seven-season prospective cohort design was used to record all time-loss injuries incurred by English Premiership players...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26511006/the-acute-chronic-workload-ratio-predicts-injury-high-chronic-workload-may-decrease-injury-risk-in-elite-rugby-league-players
#19
Billy T Hulin, Tim J Gabbett, Daniel W Lawson, Peter Caputi, John A Sampson
AIM: Investigate whether acute workload (1 week total distance) and chronic workload (4-week average acute workload) predict injury in elite rugby league players. METHODS: Data were collected from 53 elite players over two rugby league seasons. The 'acute:chronic workload ratio' was calculated by dividing acute workload by chronic workload. A value of greater than 1 represented an acute workload greater than chronic workload. All workload data were classified into discrete ranges by z-scores...
February 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464875/the-incidence-of-concussion-in-a-professional-australian-rugby-league-team-1998-2012
#20
Jason Savage, Chloe Hooke, John Orchard, Richard Parkinson
Background. Rugby league is a physically demanding team sport and the National Rugby League is the highest-level competition of rugby league in Australia. Frequent tackles and collisions between players result in a high incidence of injury to players. Concussion injuries have been the source of much debate, with reporting varying greatly depending on the definition used. Method. Injury records of 239 players from one professional National Rugby League were analysed during a continuous period of 15 years, with particular interest in the incidence and recurrence of concussions and the change in incidence over time...
2013: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
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