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Cricket injuries

Damith Mohotti, P L N Fernando, Amir Zaghloul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research is to study the behaviour of a human head during the event of an impact of a cricket ball. While many recent incidents were reported in relation to head injuries caused by the impact of cricket balls, there is no clear information available in the published literature about the possible threat levels and the protection level of the current protective equipment. This research investigates the effects of an impact of a cricket ball on a human head and the level of protection offered by the existing standard cricket helmet...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Doug King, Patria A Hume, Natalie Hardaker, Cloe Cummins, Conor Gissane, Trevor Clark
OBJECTIVES: To provide epidemiological data and related costs for sport-related injuries of five sporting codes (cricket, netball, rugby league, rugby union and football) in New Zealand for moderate-to-serious and serious injury claims. METHODS: A retrospective analytical review using detailed descriptive epidemiological data obtained from the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) for 2012-2016. RESULTS: Over the 5 years of study data, rugby union recorded the most moderate-to-serious injury entitlement claims (25 226) and costs (New Zealand dollars (NZD$)267 359 440 (£139 084 749)) resulting in the highest mean cost (NZD$10 484 (£5454)) per moderate-to-serious injury entitlement claim...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Robert A Keller, Anthony F De Giacomo, Julie A Neumann, Orr Limpisvasti, James E Tibone
CONTEXT: Current perception dictates that glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is a chronic adaptation that leads to an increased risk of pathologic conditions in the dominant shoulder or elbow of overhead athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adaptations in glenohumeral range of motion in overhead athletes lead to injuries of the upper extremity, specifically in the shoulder or elbow. DATA SOURCES: An electronic database search was performed using Medline, Embase, and SportDiscus from 1950 to 2016...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
Santosh Kumar Mahapatra, Kundan Malhotra, Rohit Ganapatrao Mendke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to study the clinical features, visual outcome, management, and ocular complications of ocular injury, following trauma with tennis or cricket ball. METHODS: A prospective, noncomparative case study of patients having injury with tennis/cricket ball while playing cricket was conducted between January 2013 and April 2016. Seventy-six eyes of 76 patients were studied. Presenting vision, age, gender, time since injury, general and ocular examination, intraocular pressure, indirect ophthalmoscopy, B scan, and X-ray/computed tomography scan findings were noted...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera, Corey Joseph, Joanne Lyn Kemp, Caroline Frances Finch
BACKGROUND: Team bat-or-stick sports, including cricket, softball and hockey, are popular among women. However, little is known about the injury profile in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the incidence, nature and anatomical location of injuries in bat-or-stick sports played by women in a competitive league. METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42015026715). CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 to September 2016, inclusive...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
Billy Senington, Raymond Y Lee, Jonathan Mark Williams
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between shoulder counter-rotation (SCR), hip shoulder separation (HSS) and three-dimensional spinal kinematics during fast bowling in cricket. Thirty five elite male fast bowlers were analysed using three-dimensional inertial sensors on the spine. Lumbar, thoracic and thoracolumbar kinematics were determined during the delivery stride. Spearman's pairwise correlations displayed significant associations between SCR, thoracic and thoracolumbar lateral flexion between the back foot impact and max contralateral rotation phase of the delivery stride (rs = -...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Joshua M Adie, Derek H Arnold
Cricket is a popular but potentially dangerous sport. It is played with a hard ball that can travel at great speeds. Serious injuries, including fatalities, have occurred when balls have struck participants. The game is traditionally played during daylight with a dark red ball, but recent games have been played during the day and at night using a 'pink' ball. We have reported data that seemed to justify concerns raised regarding the visibility of these new pink balls, as they were revealed to have a very low luminance contrast against pertinent backgrounds during twilight...
November 2017: I-Perception
V G Madanagopalan, Meena Thotakura, Pankaja Dhoble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
M S Dhillon, Rakesh John, Himmat Dhillon, Sidak Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar
INTRODUCTION: Hamulus fractures are uncommon injuries constituting 2-4% of carpal fractures and are usually reported in athletes. Stress fractures of hamulus are even rarer and very few cases have been reported till date. In this case report, we present the first documented case of stress fracture of hamulus in a cricket batsman and review the existing literature on hamulus fractures, both acute and stress fractures, in sportspersons in general. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old, right-handed, cricket batsman presented with pain in the hypothenar region of his left hand of 7 weeks duration...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Dinshaw N Pardiwala, Nandan N Rao, Ankit V Varshney
CONTEXT: Cricket is a popular global sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, skill, and strategy. Although a noncontact sport, overuse and impact injuries are common since players engage in a wide range of physical activities, including running, throwing, batting, bowling, catching, and diving. Significant or match time-loss injuries are defined as those that either prevent a player from being fully available for selection in a major match, or during a major match, cause a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team's captain...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
Najeebullah Soomro, Nina Chua, Jonathan Freeston, Rene E D Ferdinands, Ross Sanders
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention programmes (IPPs) are effective in reducing injuries among adolescent team sports. However, there is no validated cricket-specific IPP despite the high incidence of musculoskeletal injuries among amateur cricketers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a cricket injury prevention programme (CIPP) as a pretraining warm-up or post-training cool-down can reduce injury rates in amateur cricket players. METHODS: CIPP is a cluster randomised controlled trial which includes 36 male amateur club teams having cricket players aged 14-40 years to be randomly assigned to three study arms: warm-up, cool-down and control (n=12 teams, 136 players in each arm)...
September 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Akilesh Anand Prakash
BACKGROUND: Cricket, classified as noncontact game, has been shown to be associated with increased incidence of injury. Further the recent consensus update in cricket injury surveillance have updated the injury definitions which includes "Medical Attention" injuries. The purpose of this review was to systematically review the various case reports and studies reporting injuries in the game of cricket that fall under the gambit of medical attention injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted online using PubMed and Google Scholar, as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Metaanalyses guidelines...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if abdominal muscle thickness, activation and symmetry are associated with prospective in-season injury among adolescent cricket pace bowlers. DESIGN: A quantitative, prospective, observational study design was used. SETTING: Data was collected at an indoor venue at a secondary school. PARTICIPANTS: 28 injury-free, male, adolescent pace bowlers between the ages of 13 and 18 participated...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
Simon A Feros, Warren B Young, Brendan J O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current evidence regarding the quantification of cricket fast bowling skill. METHODS: Studies that assessed fast bowling skill (bowling speed and accuracy) were identified from searches in SPORTDiscus (EBSCO) in June 2017. The reference lists of identified papers were also examined for relevant investigations. RESULTS: Sixteen papers matched the inclusion criteria, and discrepancies in assessment procedures were evident...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Nannet Schuring, Gino Kerkhoffs, Janine Gray, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in professional cricket is non-existent. Consequently, the aims of the study were to determine the prevalence and the 6 months incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD: distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) among current and former professional cricketers and to explore the association of potential stressors (significant injury, surgery, adverse life events, career dissatisfaction) and CMD...
October 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
Prasanna J Gamage, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
Understanding how junior athletes perceive injury risks when participating in sport and the environment they play in is an important component of injury prevention. This study investigates how Sri Lankan junior cricketers (n = 365, aged 11-14 years, boys) perceive injury risks associated with playing cricket. The study used a Sri Lankan modification of an Australian junior cricket injury risk perception survey that considered playing cricket versus other sports, different cricket playing positions and roles, and different ground conditions...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A Warren, S Williams, S McCaig, G Trewartha
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to explore the relationship between acute (1 week) and chronic (4-week average) bowling workloads and injury risk in National Development Programme fast bowlers, and to investigate individual differences in the relationship between acute:chronic workloads and injury. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Bowling workloads and injury data were collected prospectively for 29 male fast bowlers (age range 15-18) on a National Programme over two years...
January 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Andrew R Nealon, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the past incidence of side strain injury and its associated factors in first-class cricket fast bowlers in Australia and England. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Professional cricket. PARTICIPANTS: Cricket fast bowlers who were professionally contracted full time at first-class level in Australia and England in 2011. All bowlers were male and aged 18 or older. A bowler was defined as a fast bowler if the wicketkeeper would take their stance back from the stumps...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
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