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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350375/neurological-recovery-after-traumatic-cauda-equina-syndrome-due-to-glass-fragments-an-unusual-case
#1
Mehmet Şenoğlu, Ali Karadağ, Çağlar Türk, Füsun Demirçivi Özer
Penetrating spinal injuries with foreign bodies are exceedingly rare. To date, pathological problems due to glass fragments in the spinal canal have rarely been reported. In this report, the case presenting with a back laceration, leg pain, and leg weakness was found to have glass frag-ments in the spinal canal at the L2-L3 level by lumbar computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. After L2 total laminectomy and retrieval of the glass fragments, the dura was re-paired. The patient was discharged from the hospital after complete neurological recovery...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350011/-treatment-of-ossification-of-ligamentum-flavum-complicated-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#2
Xu Lan, Jie Gao, Jian-Zhong Xu, Xue-Mei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the imaging characteristic and operation outcome of ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: January 2013 to January 2016, 9 patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis were treated, included 5 males and 4 females, aged from 51 to 63 years old with an average of 57 years old. All patients complained intermittent claudication and radiating pain at lower limb. The pathologic change regions examined by CT or MRI were as follows:2 cases in L₄,₅ and L₅S₁, 5 in L̀,̀, and 2 in L₅S₁...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349401/staged-reconstruction-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-after-gunshot-injury
#3
Nathan M Droz, John K Bini, Kamran A Jafree, John H Matsuura
A 23-year-old man with a gunshot injury to the abdomen and cardiac arrest requiring emergency department thoracotomy had a transection of the distal inferior vena cava (IVC) and small bowel injury. Because of persistent hemorrhagic shock, the IVC was ligated. During the next 3 days, he developed worsening bilateral leg edema. He was taken back for reanastomosis of his small bowel and reconstruction of the IVC using autologous femoral vein harvested from the right leg. We think that patients requiring ligation of the vena cava with worsening leg edema can benefit from a staged reconstruction of the IVC...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344540/standing-height-as-a-prevention-measure-for-overuse-injuries-of-the-back-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-kinematic-and-kinetic-study-of-giant-slalom
#4
Jörg Spörri, Josef Kröll, Benedikt Fasel, Kamiar Aminian, Erich Müller
Background: In alpine ski racing, typical loading patterns of the back include a combined occurrence of spinal bending, torsion, and high peak loads. These factors are known to be associated with high spinal disc loading and have been suggested to be attributable to different types of spine deterioration. However, little is known about the effect of standing height (ie, the distance between the bottom of the running surface of the ski and the ski boot sole) on the aforementioned back loading patterns...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343890/first-two-bilateral-hand-transplantations-in-india-part-2-technical-details
#5
Mohit Sharma, Subramania Iyer, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, Raghuveer Reddy, Janarthanan Ramu, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, Abhijeet Wakure, S M Mali Chetan, Visakh Varma, Ashish Chaudhari, Swapnil Dhake, Akshay Omkumar, Jerry Paul, Sunil Rajan, Ayyappan Nair, Druvan Shaji
Introduction: This article deals with two patients who underwent bilateral hand transplantation following amputation of both upper limbs at the distal third of the foream. Materials and Methods: The first patient had a history of loss of hands in a train accident , with possiblity of a run over element during the injury. The second patient lost his both hands in a mine blast. The preoperative work up included detailed clinical and psychological evaluation. The donor retrieval was similar in both the cases and the donors were housed in our own instittution...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336762/r-a-cowley-the-golden-hour-the-momentary-pause-and-the-third-space
#6
David E Clark
R Adams Cowley (1917-1991), the Baltimore thoracic and trauma surgeon, was an outstanding politician and promoter of emergency medical services. His skills included the effective use of language, for example, identifying the critical time immediately after injury as a "golden hour," and describing shock as a "momentary pause in the act of death." Conversely, Cowley avoided the tendency of some contemporaries to justify massive crystalloid infusion by invoking a "third space." Cowley is often assumed to have originated the first two phrases, but, in fact, their histories go back at least to the 19th century and illustrate the development of surgical science...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#7
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329371/alcohol-use-in-adolescence-and-later-working-memory-findings-from-a-large-population-based-birth-cohort
#8
Liam Mahedy, Matt Field, Suzanne Gage, Gemma Hammerton, Jon Heron, Matt Hickman, Marcus R Munafò
Aims: The study aimed to examine the association between adolescent alcohol use and working memory (WM) using a large population sample. Methods: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were used to investigate the association between alcohol use at age 15 years and WM 3 years later, assessed using the N-back task (N ~ 3300). A three-category ordinal variable captured mutually exclusive alcohol groupings ranging in order of severity (i.e. low alcohol users, frequent drinkers and frequent/binge drinkers)...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329123/golf-injuries-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#9
Ioannis C Zouzias, Jeff Hendra, Jason Stodelle, Orr Limpisvasti
Increasing numbers of people are playing golf. Golf is a unique sport in that the ability to participate at a high level is not limited by age. In addition, participants tend to play more rather than less as they grow older. Injuries can occur at any point during the golf swing, from takeaway through follow-through. Upper extremity injuries can affect the hands, elbow, and shoulder and are usually a result of the golf swing at impact. Injuries are also common in the lower back as well as the lower extremities...
January 11, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327826/correlation-between-hypermobility-score-and-injury-rate-in-artistic-gymnastics
#10
Bojan Bukva, Goran Vrgoč, Dejan Madić, Goran Sporiš, Nebojša Trajković
BACKGROUND: Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) is suggested as a contributing factor for injuries in young athletes and adults. It is presumed that GJH causes decreased joint stability, thereby increasing the risk of joint and soft tissue injuries during sports activities. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the hypermobility rate (using the Beighton`s modification of the Carter-Wilkinson criteria of hypermobility) in gymnasts and injury rate, during the period of one year...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326189/period-prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequent-injuries-of-falling-among-the-saudi-elderly-living-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Faisal Yousef Almegbel, Ibrahim Muthyib Alotaibi, Faisal Ahmed Alhusain, Emad M Masuadi, Salma Lafyan Al Sulami, Amairah Fahad Aloushan, Bashayer Ibrahim Almuqbil
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 28% to 35% of people aged 65 and over fall each year. The consequent injuries of falls are considered a major public health problem. Falls account for more than half of injury-related hospitalisations among old people. The aim of this study was to measure a 1-year period prevalence of falling among old people in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In addition, this study described the most common risk factors and consequent injuries of falls. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Riyadh, using a convenient sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324727/frequent-exertion-and-frequent-standing-at-work-by-industry-and-occupation-group-united-states-2015
#12
Taylor M Shockey, Sara E Luckhaupt, Matthew R Groenewold, Ming-Lun Lu
Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders (1). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs (2). A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain (3)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322537/comparative-evaluations-of-hypertrophic-scar-formation-in-in-vivo-models
#13
Myeongjin Kim, Hyejin Kim, Hyun Wook Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hypertrophic scar (HTS) results from a connective tissue reaction to trauma, inflammation, surgery, or burn on skin. In spite of various techniques for wound generation, the degree of scar in animal models after healing is still unpredictable and less reproducible. The objective of the current study was to identify the appropriate method to create the maximal HTS tissue in a reliable manner by comparing three different methods in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 27 ICR mice were tested for the in vivo evaluations...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321845/failure-to-define-low-back-pain-as-a-disease-or-an-episode-renders-research-on-causality-unsuitable-results-of-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Emad M Ardakani, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
Background: Causative factors may be different for the very first onset of symptoms of the 'disease' of low back pain (LBP) than for ensuing episodes that occur after a pain-free period. This differentiation hinges on a life-time absence of low back pain at first onset and short-term absence for further episodes. In this systematic review, we explored whether researchers make these distinctions when investigating the causality of LBP. Methods: A literature search of PUBMED, CINAHL, and SCOPUS databases was performed from January 2010 until September 2016 using the search terms 'low back pain' or 'back pain' and 'risk factor' or 'caus*' or 'predict*' or 'onset' or 'first-time' or 'inception' or 'incidence'...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318170/injury-incidence-and-patterns-among-dutch-crossfit-athletes
#15
Mirwais Mehrab, Robert-Jan de Vos, Gerald A Kraan, Nina M C Mathijssen
Background: CrossFit is a strength and conditioning program that has gained widespread recognition, with 11,000 affiliated gyms worldwide. The incidence of injuries during CrossFit training is poorly analyzed. Purpose: To investigate the incidence of injuries for persons participating in CrossFit. Risk factors for injury and injury mechanisms were also explored through athlete demographics and characteristics. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315127/tidemark-avulsions-are-a-predominant-form-of-endplate-irregularity
#16
Britta Berg-Johansen, Deeptee Jain, Ellen C Liebenberg, Aaron J Fields, Thomas M Link, Conor W O'Neill, Jeffrey C Lotz
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive histologic and MRI study of human cadaveric spines. OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize common endplate pathologies to form a histologic foundation for an etiology-based classification system. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Irregularities at the spinal disc-vertebra interface are associated with back pain and intervertebral disc herniation injuries. However, there is currently a lack of consensus regarding terminology for classification...
January 8, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310946/validation-of-lumbar-spine-loading-from-a-musculoskeletal-model-including-the-lower-limbs-and-lumbar-spine
#17
Jason A Actis, Jasmin D Honegger, Deanna H Gates, Anthony J Petrella, Luis A Nolasco, Anne K Silverman
Low back mechanics are important to quantify to study injury, pain and disability. As in vivo forces are difficult to measure directly, modeling approaches are commonly used to estimate these forces. Validation of model estimates is critical to gain confidence in modeling results across populations of interest, such as people with lower-limb amputation. Motion capture, ground reaction force and electromyographic data were collected from ten participants without an amputation (five male/five female) and five participants with a unilateral transtibial amputation (four male/one female) during trunk-pelvis range of motion trials in flexion/extension, lateral bending and axial rotation...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306961/prediction-models-to-identify-workers-at-risk-of-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain-in-the-dutch-construction-industry
#18
Lisa C Bosman, Lyan Dijkstra, Catelijne I Oling, Martijn W Heymans, Jos Wr Twisk, Corné Am Roelen
Objective The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model based on variables measured in occupational health checks to identify non-sick listed workers at risk of sick leave due to non-specific low-back pain (LBP). Methods This cohort study comprised manual (N=22 648) and non-manual (N=9735) construction workers who participated in occupational health checks between 2010 and 2013. Occupational health check variables were used as potential predictors and LBP sick leave was recorded during 1-year follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304998/satellite-cell-self-renewal
#19
Lorenzo Giordani, Alice Parisi, Fabien Le Grand
Adult skeletal muscle is endowed with regenerative potential through partially recapitulating the embryonic developmental program. Upon acute injury or in pathological conditions, quiescent muscle-resident stem cells, called satellite cells, become activated and give rise to myogenic progenitors that massively proliferate, differentiate, and fuse to form new myofibers and restore tissue functionality. In addition, a proportion of activated cells returns back to quiescence and replenish the pool of satellite cells in order to maintain the ability of skeletal muscle tissue to repair...
2018: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#20
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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