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infections in pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222263/crisis-management-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-putting-right-what-can-go-wrong-emergency-complications-of-disease-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Rachael Hough, Ajay Vora
The improvement in overall survival in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) over the last 5 decades has been considerable, with around 90% now surviving long term. The risk of relapse has been reduced to such an extent that the risk of treatment-related mortality is now approaching that of mortality caused by relapse. Toxicities may also lead to the suboptimal delivery of chemotherapy (treatment delays, dose reductions, dose omissions), potentially increasing relapse risk, and short- and long-term morbidity, adding to the "burden of therapy" in an increasing number of survivors...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221438/double-catheter-lavage-combined-with-percutaneous-flexible-endoscopic-debridement-for-infected-pancreatic-necrosis-failed-to-percutaneous-catheter-drainage
#2
Pi Liu, Jun Song, Hua-Jing Ke, Nong-Hua Lv, Yin Zhu, Hao Zeng, Yong Zhu, Liang Xia, Wen-Hua He, Ji Li, Xin Huang, Yu-Peng Lei
BACKGROUND: Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a serious local complication of acute pancreatitis, with high mortality. Minimally invasive therapy including percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) has become the preferred method for IPN instead of traditional open necrosectomy. However, the efficacy of double-catheter lavage in combination with percutaneous flexible endoscopic debridement after PCD failure is unknown compared with surgical necrosectomy. METHODS: A total of 27 cases of IPN patients with failure PCD between Jan 2014 and Dec 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218257/pulmonary-tuberculosis-versus-recurrent-chemotherapy-induced-pneumonitis-a-clinical-dilemma
#3
Gulrayz Ahmed, Muhammad W Saif
Chemotherapy-induced lung toxicity can affect pulmonary parenchyma, pleura, airways, pulmonary vascular system, mediastinum or the neuromuscular system that is responsible for respiration. Chemotherapy-induced pulmonary toxicity is a diagnosis of exclusion. When the patients with malignancies develop pulmonary toxicity such as pneumonitis and distinguishing it from alternative diseases such as infectious, thrombotic, cardiac, malignant or exacerbation of chronic lung conditions can be difficult. Moreover, such patients are often immunosuppressed, physically stressed from the underlying disease and the cancer treatment and hence, more susceptible to usual and unusual or opportunistic infections...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215543/fungal-infections-in-patients-with-infected-pancreatic-necrosis-and-pseudocysts-risk-factors-and-outcome
#4
Philipp A Reuken, Hanna Albig, Jürgen Rödel, Michael Hocke, Uwe Will, Andreas Stallmach, Tony Bruns
OBJECTIVES: Fungal infections in patients with acute pancreatitis are common and potentially life threatening. Data on fungal pancreatic infections are inconsistent. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify risk factors for fungal infection and to determine their impact on survival. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of pathogen spectrum and outcome of infected pancreatic necrosis or pseudocysts from 3 German hospitals from 2002 to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 187 fine-needle aspirations were performed in 113 patients...
December 5, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215536/comparison-of-various-scoring-systems-and-biochemical-markers-in-predicting-the-outcome-in-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Sreejith Vasudevan, Pooja Goswami, Ujjwal Sonika, Bhaskar Thakur, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Anoop Saraya
OBJECTIVE: Early risk assessment is important in acute pancreatitis (AP). The primary objective of this study was to compare various scores and biochemical markers done on the day of admission in predicting the outcome. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of patients presenting within 2 weeks of onset were collected. Various scores were calculated and biochemical markers were measured on the day of admission. Optimum cutoffs were identified through receiver operating curve analysis...
December 5, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209119/how-severe-is-moderately-severe-acute-pancreatitis-clinical-validation-of-revised-2012-atlanta-classification
#6
Povilas Ignatavicius, Aiste Gulla, Karolis Cernauskis, Giedrius Barauskas, Zilvinas Dambrauskas
AIM: To explore the outcomes and the appropriate treatment for patients with moderately severe acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Statistical analysis was performed on data from the prospectively collected database of 103 AP patients admitted to the Department of Surgery, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences in 2008-2013. All patients were confirmed to have the diagnosis of AP during the first 24 h following admission. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by MODS and APACHE II scale...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206747/safety-and-efficacy-of-atazanavir-powder-and-ritonavir-in-hiv-1-infected-infants-and-children-aged-from-3-months-to-11-years-the-prince-2-study
#7
Mark F Cotton, Afaaf Liberty, Indiana Torres-Escobar, Maria Isabel Gonzalez-Tome, Jurgen Lissens, Luna Zaru, Isabelle Klauck, Daniela Cambilargiu, Cheryl Pikora, Todd A Correll
BACKGROUND: Novel antiretroviral formulations that are palatable, safe, and effective are needed for infants and children. METHODS: PRINCE-2 is an ongoing clinical trial assessing safety, efficacy, and palatability of once-daily atazanavir powder formulation boosted with ritonavir (ATV+RTV) plus optimized dual NRTI therapy in ARV-naïve/experienced children with screening HIV-1 RNA ≥1000 copies/mL. Children aged 3 months to <11 years received ATV+RTV by 5 baseline weight bands: 5 to <10kg=150/80mg; 5 to <10kg=200/80mg; 10 to <15kg=200/80mg; 15 to <25kg=250/80mg; and 25 to <35kg=300/100mg...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202530/-a-comparison-between-the-revision-of-atlanta-classification-and-determinant-based-classification-in-acute-pancreatitis
#8
D Wu, B Lu, H D Xue, Y M Lai, J M Qian, H Yang
Objective: To compare the performance of the revision of Atlanta classification (RAC) and determinant-based classification (DBC) in acute pancreatitis. Methods: Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to a single center from January 2001 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified into mild, moderately severe and severe categories based on RAC and were simultaneously classified into mild, moderate, severe and critical grades according to DBC. Disease severity and clinical outcomes were compared between subgroups...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200874/simultaneous-overexpression-of-mir-126-and-mir-34a-induces-a-superior-antitumor-efficacy-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#9
Shu-De Feng, Ziming Mao, Chunying Liu, Yu-Song Nie, Bin Sun, Minggao Guo, Changqing Su
Background: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) is one of the most fatal cancers due to its high degree of malignancy, increasing incidence, high mortality, and unsatisfactory treatment efficacy. Evidence has suggested that numerous microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-126 and miR-34a, have potent tumor-suppressing effects on PAC, implicating a possible application of miRNA in tumor therapy. However, the therapeutic effect of a single miRNA on pancreatic cancer is limited. Methods: We simultaneously delivered miR-126 and miR-34a into PAC cells by a carcinoembryonic antigen promoter-driven oncolytic adenovirus (AdCEAp-miR126/34a), and examined the antitumor efficacy of the therapeutic system in in vitro and in vivo experiments...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199182/delayed-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-high-grade-blunt-pancreatic-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Tajar Asqeri
INTRODUCTION: Despite technological advancement, high grade pancreatic injuries following blunt abdominal trauma continues to remain a disease that is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in cases of delayed diagnosis. The aim of this paper was the presentation of delayed diagnosis and treatment peculiarities of high grade pancreatic trauma and a review of literature. CASE REPORT: A 55-years old man, involved in motor vehicle crashes, was referred to our level I trauma center...
November 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198548/embolization-of-arterial-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-with-fuaile-medical%C3%A2-adhesive
#11
Min Xu, Xiaoli Zhu, Yizhi Liu, Zhi Li, Tianzhi An, Tianpeng Jiang, Jie Song, Lizhou Wang, Shi Zhou, Caifang Ni
BACKGROUND: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of Fuaile medical adhesive (FAL) with superselective catheterization in endovascular embolotherapy for the treatment of gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) that was unresponsive to internal medicine treatment and gastroscopy management. METHODS: A total of 25 patients with GIH, confirmed using angiography but with failed results after internal medicine treatment or gastroscopy were retrospectively analyzed. A mixture of lipiodol and FAL (1:1) was used to embolize the bleeding vessels...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191691/assessing-the-impact-of-conversion-on-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-distal-pancreatectomy-and-pancreatoduodenectomy
#12
Joal D Beane, Henry A Pitt, Scott C Dolejs, Melissa E Hogg, Herbert J Zeh, Amer H Zureikat
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare outcomes of patients who undergo conversion to open during minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MI-DP) and pancreatoduodenectomy (MI-PD) to those completed in minimally invasive fashion, and to compare outcomes of minimally invasive completions and conversions to planned open pancreatectomy. METHODS: Propensity scoring was used to compare outcomes of completed and converted cases from a national cohort, and multivariate regression analysis (MVA) was used to compare minimally invasive completions and conversions to planned open pancreatectomy...
November 27, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191483/advances-in-bioresponsive-closed-loop-drug-delivery-systems
#13
Jicheng Yu, Yuqi Zhang, Junjie Yan, Anna R Kahkoska, Zhen Gu
Controlled drug delivery systems are able to improve efficacy and safety of therapeutics by optimizing the duration and kinetics of release. Among them, closed-loop delivery strategies, also known as self-regulated administration, have proven to be a practical tool for homeostatic regulation, by tuning drug release as a function of biosignals relevant to physiological and pathological processes. A typical example is glucose-responsive insulin delivery system, which can mimic the pancreatic beta cells to release insulin with a proper dose at a proper time point by responding to plasma glucose levels...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189884/adaptive-immune-cell-dysregulation-and-role-in-acute-pancreatitis-disease-progression-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Pascaline Fonteh, Martin Smith, Martin Brand
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammation of the pancreas caused by various stimuli including excessive alcohol consumption, gallstone disease and certain viral infections. Managing specifically the severe form of AP is limited due to lack of an understanding of the complex immune events that occur during AP involving immune cells and inflammatory molecules such as cytokines. The relative abundance of various immune cells resulting from the immune dysregulation drives disease progression. In this review, we examine the literature on the adaptive immune cells in AP, the prognostic value of these cells in stratifying patients into appropriate care and treatment strategies based on cell frequency in different AP severities are discussed...
November 30, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182741/off-label-use-of-thoracic-aortic-endovascular-stent-grafts-to-simplify-difficult-resections-and-procedures-in-general-thoracic-surgery
#15
Tanja Walgram, Nicolas Attigah, Igor Schwegler, Markus Weber, Omer Dzemali, Christian Berthold, Dirk Wagnetz, Giovanni L Carboni
OBJECTIVES: Tumour infiltration, or gross infectious involvement of the thoracic aortic wall, poses a significant intraoperative risk for fatal bleeding and therefore could compromise adequate resection or efficient surgical management of pleural infection in a considerable amount of cases. We present 3 successful cases of off-label thoracic aortic endografting to safeguard thoracic aortic wall integrity. METHODS: After all patients received thoracic stent grafts through femoral access into the descending aorta, the first patient underwent a resection of a locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the left inferior lobe cT4cN0-1cM0 after neoadjuvant chemoradiation, which had infiltrated the descending aortic wall...
November 22, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179480/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-more-sensitive-systemic-inflammatory-response-biomarker-than-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-in-the-prognosis-evaluation-of-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Yuan Gao, Wen-Jie Wang, Qiaoming Zhi, Meng Shen, Min Jiang, Xiaojie Bian, Fei-Ran Gong, Chong Zhou, Lian Lian, Meng-Yao Wu, Jun Feng, Min Tao, Wei Li
Multiple cancers arise from sites of infection, chronic irritation, and inflammation. It has been widely accepted that pancreatic cancer is an inflammation-driven cancer. In this study, we investigated the application value of systemic inflammatory markers, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), in the prediction of chemotherapy response and prognosis in patients with late pancreatic cancer. 122 patients with inoperable pancreatic cancers were included and separated into two groups according to median values of NLR or PLR (NLR low:<3...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166257/raoultella-planticola-a-rare-cause-of-wound-infection
#17
Shana S Kalaria, Kristina Elliott, Neal Combs, Linda G Phillips
Raoultella planticola is a gram-negative, aerobic, rod bacterium commonly found in the environment, particularly in water, soil, and fish. This organism has been found to cause a variety of infections, such as necrotizing fasciitis, cystitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, hepatic disease, and soft tissue infections. The authors report the case of a 73-year-old-woman who presented with a R planticola wound infection of her left lower extremity after a dog scratch. She was treated successfully with local wound care using dehydrated human amnion/chorion and oral levofloxacin...
November 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165389/proteinase-activated-receptor-2-may-drive-cancer-progression-by-facilitating-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling
#18
REVIEW
Hendrik Ungefroren, David Witte, Bernhard H Rauch, Utz Settmacher, Hendrik Lehnert, Frank Gieseler, Roland Kaufmann
The G protein-coupled receptor proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) has been implicated in various aspects of cellular physiology including inflammation, obesity and cancer. In cancer, it usually acts as a driver of cancer progression in various tumor types by promoting invasion and metastasis in response to activation by serine proteinases. Recently, we discovered another mode through which PAR2 may enhance tumorigenesis: crosstalk with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling to promote TGF-β1-induced cell migration/invasion and invasion-associated gene expression in ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158420/superoxide-production-by-nadph-oxidase-intensifies-macrophage-antiviral-responses-during-diabetogenic-coxsackievirus-infection
#19
Ashley R Burg, Shaonli Das, Lindsey E Padgett, Zachary E Koenig, Hubert M Tse
Coxsackievirus B infections are suspected environmental triggers of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and macrophage antiviral responses may provide a link to virus-induced T1D. We previously demonstrated an important role for NADPH oxidase (NOX)-derived superoxide production during T1D pathogenesis, as NOX-deficient NOD mice (NOD.Ncf1(m1J) ) were protected against T1D due, in part, to impaired proinflammatory TLR signaling in NOD.Ncf1(m1J) macrophages. Therefore, we hypothesized that loss of NOX-derived superoxide would dampen diabetogenic antiviral macrophage responses and protect from virus-induced diabetes...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155705/identification-and-characterization-of-metastatic-factors-by-gene-transfer-into-the-novel-rip-tag-rip-tva-murine-model
#20
George Zhang, Yudan Chi, Yi-Chieh Nancy Du
Metastatic cancer accounts for 90% of deaths in patients with solid tumors. There is an urgent need to better understand the drivers of cancer metastasis and to identify novel therapeutic targets. To investigate molecular events that drive the progression from primary cancer to metastasis, we have developed a bitransgenic mouse model, RIP-Tag; RIP-tva. In this mouse model, the rat insulin promoter (RIP) drives the expression of the SV40 T antigen (Tag) and the receptor for subgroup A avian leukosis virus (tva) in pancreatic β cells...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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